1,797 results match your criteria Acta Veterinaria Hungarica[Journal]


Population genetic features of calving interval of the Limousin beef cattle breed in Hungary.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

5 Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University, Vár place 2, H-9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary.

Variance, covariance components, heritability, breeding values (BV) and genetic trends in calving interval (CI) of the Limousin population in Hungary were evaluated. A total of 3,008 CI data of 779 cows from three herds in 1996-2016 were processed. For influencing effects GLM method, for population genetic parameters and BV estimation BLUP animal model, for trend analyses linear regression was applied. Read More

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MYC integrates FSH signalling networks in cumulus cells during bovine oocyte maturation.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

1 Departmento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco - UFRPE, Recife, Brazil.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) contributes to the acquisition of oocyte competence by modulating signalling pathways in cumulus cells (CCs), albeit much less is known about transcription factors (TFs) that orchestrate the downstream transcriptional changes. This work allowed to prospect TFs involved in FSH-mediated signalling during oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM). Bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes underwent IVM with FSH (FSH+) or without FSH (control/CTL) for 22 h, and CCs were subjected to gene expression profiling. Read More

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Serodiagnostic difficulties and possibilities of heartworm disease in regions where both Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens infections occur.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

1 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine Budapest, István u. 2, H-1078 Budapest, Hungary.

This retrospective study was performed on 71 dogs which had been admitted for heartworm screening or with clinical suspicion of heartworm disease. The examination methods included polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify Dirofilaria immitis and/or Dirofilaria repens infections and a heartworm antigen (Ag) test (VetScan). By using PCR, 26 dogs were found positive only for Dirofilaria immitis (Group 1), while 21 dogs for both D. Read More

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Genetic characterisation of a novel reptarenavirus detected in a dead pet red-tailed boa (Boa constrictor).

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Mar 9. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

2 Department of Obstetrics and Food Animal Medicine Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary.

Boid inclusion body disease (BIBD) is a severe and transmissible disease of snakes worldwide. Reptarenaviruses have been identified as the aetiological agents of BIBD. We determined the almost complete genome sequence of an arenavirus detected in a female red-tailed boa that had succumbed in a private collection in Hungary. Read More

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Paraquat modulates immunological function in bone marrow-derived macrophages.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Mar 9. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

1 Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, Thailand.

The herbicide paraquat (PQ) is known to affect the immune system. Many reports have indicated that PQ impacts on the viability and functions of the immune cells, however, the underlying mechanism in detail is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of PQ on the free radical production, oxidative stress, cell death and pro-inflammatory gene expression of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from C57BL/6NJcl mice in vitro. Read More

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Serum protein electrophoretogram profile detected in apparently healthy cats infected with Leishmania infantum - Short communication.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Feb 28. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

1 Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain.

The information about the clinical features of Leishmania infantum infection in cats is scarce. In this study, we evaluated the serum protein electrophoresis of samples from 19 infected but apparently healthy cats. To detect L. Read More

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February 2022

Molecular screening of cat and dog ectoparasites for the presence of Bartonella spp. in Attica, Greece.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Mar 4. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

The purpose of this study was the molecular detection of Bartonella spp. in fleas and ticks parasitizing cats and dogs from 39 locations in Attica, Greece. One hundred and forty five ectoparasites (104 fleas and 41 ticks) from 92 cats and 53 dogs were investigated individually using PCRs targeting the 16S-23S ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer (ITS) and the citrate synthase (gltA) genetic loci. Read More

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Are owned dogs or stray dogs more prepared to diseases? A comparative study of immune system gene expression of perforin and granzymes.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Mar 2. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

2 Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Stray dogs are inevitably exposed to more infections than owned dogs living indoor. However, no studies have investigated whether the immune system gene expression differs between owned dogs kept in better care conditions and stray dogs living outside. To investigate this, blood samples were taken from 90 dogs (45 owned and 45 stray dogs) that were checked and confirmed as healthy. Read More

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Ecology and prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Feb 7. Epub 2022 Feb 7.

2 Scientific Veterinary Institute 'Novi Sad', Novi Sad, Serbia.

Weather conditions greatly affect tick population densities and activity, on which depends the occurrence of tick-borne diseases (TBDs). During the spring months from 2017 to 2019, 1,357 specimens of Ixodes ricinus ticks were collected at 9 localities in the vicinity of Novi Sad (Serbia). The number of collected ticks varied considerably among the different sampling sites and years. Read More

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February 2022

Supplementary studies on Myxobolus talievi Dogiel, 1957 (Cnidaria, Myxozoa) from the skeletal muscle of the cottoid fish Cyphocottus eurystomus in Lake Baikal: Morphological, histological and molecular characterisations.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Jan 28. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Institute of General and Experimental Biology of Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 670047, Ulan-Ude, Russia.

Myxobolus talievi Dogiel, 1957 was originally described from the eyes, skeletal muscles and body cavity of endemic cottoid fish from Lake Baikal. In the present study, we supply new information on the myxospore morphology and histopathology of M. talievi; furthermore, we complete the original species description by Dogiel and Bogolepova (1957) with 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence data. Read More

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January 2022

The relationship of asprosin with β-hydroxybutyric acid and postpartum disorders in cows.

Acta Vet Hung 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

The aim of the present study was to determine asprosin levels in cows, the relationship of this hormone with postpartum disorders and β-hydroxybutyric acid, and also the potential of asprosin to be a marker for postpartum diseases. The study was designed as a two-stage trial. In the first stage, blood asprosin and β-hydroxybutyric acid levels of 20 healthy Simmental cows aged 3-4 years were measured at the time of calving, and on days 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 postpartum. Read More

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January 2022

Isolation and phylogenetic analysis of Avian orthoavulavirus 1 sub-genotypes VII.2 and XXI.1.2 from caged birds in the Lahore district, Pakistan - Short communication.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Dec 16. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

3 Department of Molecular Biology, Virtual University of Pakistan, Pakistan.

In this study, the prevalence of Avian orthoavulavirus-1 (AOAV-1) (also commonly known as Newcastle disease virus) was investigated in caged birds kept in bird markets in the Lahore district of Pakistan. A total of 354 swab samples were obtained from 14 different species of clinically healthy birds. The overall virus prevalence was 12. Read More

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December 2021

Testicular effects of a postnatal GnRH antagonist in domestic cats.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Dec 15. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

1 Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, National University of La Plata, Argentina.

The aim of this study was to describe the histological effects of two high postnatal doses of the potent third-generation GnRH antagonist, acyline in the domestic cat testicle. Secondly, the physical, endocrine, and steroidogenic findings of this pharmaceutical protocol are also reported. Twelve postnatal littermate male kittens were administered acyline in a dose of 2. Read More

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December 2021

A serosurvey of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection of goats in the North of Portugal.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Dec 6. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

4 Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), Animal and Veterinary Science Center (CECAV), Vila Real, Portugal.

To better understand the epizootiology of caprine paratuberculosis in the North of Portugal, a cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014 to 2015. The seroprevalence and risk factors for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) seropositivity were evaluated. Read More

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December 2021

Characteristics of diluted-stored and post-thawed semen of Hutsul stallions.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 25. Epub 2021 Nov 25.

1 Department of Animal Reproduction, Anatomy and Genomics, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059, Krakow, Poland.

The use of frozen semen lowers the risk of disease transmission, eliminates geographical limitations and supports the implementation of genetic resource protection programs. However, due to the very rare use of frozen semen from Hutsul stallions, their genetic material is not secured in sperm banks, and very little information is available about their semen, including its suitability for cryopreservation, and sperm survival rates after thawing. The aim of this study was to analyse basic parameters such as sperm motility, vitality and morphology in diluted-stored and post-thawed Hutsul semen, using a CASA system. Read More

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November 2021

Metabolic and production parameters of dairy cows with different dry period lengths and parities.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 15. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

4 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Università degli Studi di Milano, via dell'Università 6, 26900 Lodi, Italy.

To assess the effects of dry period (DP) length on metabolic, reproductive, and productive parameters, second- (SP) and third- (TP) parity cows were assigned to a traditional (9 weeks, T) or short (5 weeks, S) DP, obtaining four subgroups: second-parity cows with traditional (SPT = 8) and short (SPS = 8) DP, third-parity cows with traditional (TPT = 8) and short (TPS = 10) DP. Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels were assessed from 5 weeks before to 14 weeks after parturition. IGF-I concentrations were affected by parity (P < 0. Read More

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November 2021

Co-infection with Babesia canis and Babesia gibsoni in a dog.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 12. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

1 Clinical Unit of Internal Medicine Small Animals, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

A four-year-old intact male Boxer, that had a history of travelling to Serbia, was referred for lethargy and anaemia. Shortly before the dog was referred, it was diagnosed twice with an infection with Babesia canis and was treated with imidocarb both times. A blood smear evaluation was indicative of the presence of intraerythrocytic piroplasms. Read More

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November 2021

Low-level pathogen transmission from wild to farmed salmonids in a flow-through fish farm.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 11. Epub 2021 Nov 11.

5 Department of Zoology, Fisheries, Hydrobiology and Apiculture, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

While the potential effects of pathogens spread from farmed fish to wild populations have frequently been studied, evidence for the transmission of parasites from wild to farmed fish is scarce. In the present study, we evaluated natural bacterial and parasitic infections in brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario) collected from the Černá Opava river (Czech Republic) as a potential source of infections for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) reared in a flow-through farm system fed by the same river. Read More

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November 2021

Single nucleotide polymorphism in STAT5A could not endorse variation in milk production traits in Indian bovine population.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 12. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

2 Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, India.

The Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 5A (STAT5A) gene involved in activating the transcription of milk protein genes was predicted to be influencing milk production traits. The present study was undertaken to investigate the suitability of the polymorphism of STAT5A as a marker for milk traits in Ongole, crossbred cattle and Murrah buffaloes from Southern India. Blood samples (n = 502) for DNA isolation and milk samples (n = 222) from different genetic groups were collected from various farms. Read More

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November 2021

Diagnostic and prognostic value of peripheral blood leucocyte ratios in sick cats.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 8. Epub 2021 Nov 8.

1 School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic and prognostic utility of feline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratios (LMR) in a variety of underlying diseases. Five-year medical records from cats presenting to the internal medicine unit of a veterinary teaching hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Cats were considered for inclusion based on complete medical records. Read More

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November 2021

Reproductive toxicological changes in avian embryos due to a pesticide and an environmental contaminant.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 8. Epub 2021 Nov 8.

2 Institute of Plant Protection, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Georgikon Campus, Deák F. u. 16, H-8360, Keszthely, Hungary.

Single and simultaneous toxic effects of glyphosate (Amega Up, 360 g L-1, 4%) and copper sulphate (0.01%) were studied in avian embryos treated either with injection directly into the air chamber or by immersion application for 30 min on day 0 of incubation. Alterations of the chicken embryos were evaluated during necropsy performed on day 19 of incubation, together with mortality, body weight and the type of developmental abnormalities. Read More

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November 2021

Oribatid mites (Acariformes, Sarcoptiformes: Oribatida) in the gills of Salmo spp. (Actinopterygii: Salmonidae) parr - Short communication.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 2. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

4Institute of Biology, Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Russia.

Live oribatid mites of the family Malaconothridae were found on Salmo spp. parr caught in the rivers of Northwest Russia. The mites were localised in the gill filaments and enclosed in connective tissue capsules. Read More

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November 2021

Role of genes related to performance and reproduction of Thoroughbreds in training and breeding - A review.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Nov 2. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

1Department of Animal Breeding, Institute of Animal Science, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kaposvár Campus, Guba Sándor u. 40, H-7400 Kaposvár, Hungary.

Thoroughbreds have been selected for speed and stamina since the 1700s. This selection resulted in structural and functional system-wide adaptations that enhanced physiological characteristics for outstanding speed of 61-71 kph (38-44 mph) between 1,000 and 3,200 m (5 furlongs - 2 miles). At present, horseracing is still an economically important industrial sector, therefore intensive research is underway to explore genes that allow the utilisation of genetic abilities and are significant in breeding and training. Read More

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November 2021

Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in bovine placentas in Hungary and Slovakia: Detection of a novel sequence type - Short communication.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 Oct 26. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

CEVA-Phylaxia Veterinary Biologicals Co. Ltd., Szállás u. 5, Budapest H-1107, Hungary.

Cotyledons (n = 167) from 30 Hungarian and 5 Slovakian dairy cattle herds were analysed for Coxiella burnetii by real-time PCR targeting the IS1111 gene. Eighty (88.9%) out of the 90 cotyledons from retained placentas and 31 (40. Read More

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October 2021

Morphometrical analysis of the canine choroid in relation to age and sex using spectral domain optical coherence tomography.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 09 24;69(3):266-273. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

1 Department and Clinic of Animal Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

This study determined the choroidal thickness of senior (SN, n = 24) and middle-aged (MA, n = 17) healthy, mixed-breed mesocephalic dogs, both males (M) and females (F), using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The dogs were divided into two groups for examination: MA dogs (4-7 years old; 6 M, 11 F) and SN dogs (8-13 years old; 12 M, 12 F). Choroidal thickness of the dogs was investigated using SD-OCT radial and linear scans. Read More

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September 2021

Gallic acid improves the viability and mitochondrial membrane potential of post-thawed goat buck semen.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 09 24;69(3):291-297. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

1 Department of Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Antalya Burdur Yolu, 15030 Yakaköy, Burdur, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of gallic acid (GA) on frozen-thawed goat spermatozoa. Four Honamli goat bucks were used at their breeding season, and ejaculates were collected by an electroejaculator. Mixed semen was divided into the following four groups: control (0 mM), low (L; 1 mM), medium (M; 2 mM), and high (H; 4 mM) concentration of GA. Read More

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September 2021

Determination and molecular analysis of antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative enteric bacteria isolated from Pelophylax sp. in the Eastern Black Sea Region.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 09 27;69(3):223-233. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

1 Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, 53020 Rize, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and types of antimicrobial resistance among Gram-negative enteric bacteria isolated from Pelophylax sp. Fifty-four frogs were collected from six provinces in the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. In the cloacal swab cultures, bacteria from 160 different colonies were identified by biochemical tests, automated systems, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry. Read More

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September 2021

Occurrence of Escherichia coli producing extended spectrum β-lactamases in food-producing animals.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 09 21;69(3):211-215. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

1 Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Nagyerdei krt. 98, Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary.

Multidrug resistance due to the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) is a major problem in human as well as in veterinary medicine. These strains appear in animal and human microbiomes and can be the source of infection both in animal and in human healthcare, in accordance with the One Health theorem. In this study we examined the prevalence of ESBL-producing bacteria in food-producing animals. Read More

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September 2021

Contamination by antimicrobial-resistant enterobacteria isolated from cell phones and hands in a veterinary hospital.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 09 21;69(3):216-222. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

1 Department of Veterinary Clinic and Surgery, Faculty of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane, s/n, Jaboticabal, SP, 14884-900,Brazil.

Hospital infections are of great relevance in human and animal health, and fomites are important in the spread of pathogens in hospital units. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of enterobacteria in the operating room of a veterinary hospital, the potential cross-contamination of samples, and to characterise the susceptibility profile of the isolates to antimicrobials. Sixty-five samples were collected from five different surgical procedures. Read More

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September 2021