3,246 results match your criteria Acta Psychologica[Journal]


Cognitive capacity in self-directed learning: Evidence of middle school students' executive attention to resist distraction.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jul 3;209:103089. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Educational Sciences, Tallinn University, Narva road 25, 10120 Tallinn, Estonia. Electronic address:

Self-directed learning (SDL) is a rapidly developing trend in schools, although its prerequisites, such as children's skills and abilities to plan and monitor their own learning, have not been investigated in detail. Due to additional cognitive load it induces, SDL has been in some cases found to be detrimental for learning, especially for students with a lower cognitive capacity. With this study, we explored some of the causes for the variability in learning gains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103089DOI Listing

Challenges and opportunities for top-down modulation research in cognitive psychology.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jul 2;209:103118. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Wales Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales LL57 2AS, United Kingdom.

Studying social modulation of cognitive processes holds much promise for illuminating how, where, when and why social factors influence how we perceive and act in the world, as well as providing insight into the underlying cognitive mechanisms. This is no small objective; it reflects an ambitious programme of research. At present, based on the modal theoretical and methodological approach, we suggest that several challenges exist to achieving such lofty aims. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103118DOI Listing

Attentional flexibility and prioritization improves long-term memory.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jul 1;208:103104. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Psychology, College of Staten Island, City University of New York, Staten Island, NY, USA.

Recent evidence suggests the focus of attention (FoA) is a flexible resource within working memory (WM) used to temporarily maintain some information in a highly accessible state. This flexibility comes at the expense of other representations, demonstrating a resource trade-off in WM maintenance. The present experiments evaluate how flexibility within the FoA impacts long-term memory (LTM) for semantically meaningful information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103104DOI Listing

Visual aperiodic temporal prediction increases perceptual sensitivity and reduces response latencies.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 30;209:103129. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Psychology, Research Center for Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou, China. Electronic address:

As a predictive organ, the brain can predict upcoming events to guide perception and action in the process of adaptive behavior. The classical models of oscillatory entrainment explain the facilitating effects that occur after periodic stimulation in behavior but cannot explain aperiodic facilitating effects. In the present study, by comparing the behavior performance of participants in periodic predictable (PP), aperiodic predictable (AP) and aperiodic unpredictable (AU) stimulus streams, we investigated the effect of an aperiodic predictable stream on the perceptual sensitivity and response latencies in the visual modality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103129DOI Listing

A SNARC-like effect for music notation: The role of expertise and musical instrument.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 29;208:103120. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy.

The Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) suggests the existence of an association between number magnitude and response location, with faster left key-press responses to small numbers and faster right key-press responses to large numbers. We investigated whether a similar association exists between musical notes on the stave and the space of response execution, involving amateur and expert musicians (Experiment 1). Moreover, in Experiment 2 we further investigated such association in two groups of expert musicians (piano and transverse flute players) who differ in the note mapping on their instruments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103120DOI Listing

Fearful expressions of rapidly presented hybrid-faces modulate the lag 1 sparing in the attentional blink.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 27;209:103124. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

University of Oslo, Department of Psychology and RITMO Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Rhythm, Time and Motion, Postboks 1094, Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway.

There is evidence that emotional stimuli impair attention for subsequent stimuli when presented in rapid visual succession. We investigated whether non-visible emotions of hybrid faces showing either happy or afraid expressions only in their Low Spatial Frequencies (LSF) and neutral expressions in their High Spatial Frequencies (HSF) modulate temporal selective attention. In a Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) paradigm, two target-faces (T1 and T2) were presented briefly at different temporal distances (lags) in a stream of inverted distractor-faces: T1s were either neutral, happy-hybrid or afraid-hybrid faces; T2s were always neutral faces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103124DOI Listing

Making oneself predictable in linguistic interactions.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 26;209:103125. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, United Kingdom.

While language production is a highly demanding task, conversational partners are known to coordinate their turns with striking precision. Among the mechanisms that allow them to do so is listeners' ability to predict what the speaker will say, and thus to prepare their response in advance. But do speakers also play a role in facilitating coordination? We hypothesized that speakers contribute by using coordination smoothers - in particular by making their turns easier to predict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103125DOI Listing

Levels-of-processing effects on context and target recollection for words and pictures.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 27;209:103127. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Institute of Psychology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

The effects of levels of processing (LoP) on memory performance have been extensively studied in cognitive psychology for about half a century. The initial observation of superior memory for words studied under a semantic orienting task rather than a perceptual orienting task elicited a theoretical debate about the underlying mechanisms of this effect. Next, research on LoP effects was extended to pictorial stimuli and connected with analyses of recollection and familiarity processes of recognition memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103127DOI Listing

Updating facial emotional expressions in working memory: Differentiating trait anxiety and depressiveness.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 27;209:103117. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

University of Tartu, Institute of Psychology, Division of Neuropsychopharmacology, Näituse-2, Tartu 50409, Estonia.

Individual differences in updating emotional facial expressions in working memory are not fully understood. Here we focused on the effects of high trait anxiety and high depressiveness in men and women on updating schematic emotional facial expressions (sad, angry, scheming, happy, neutral). A population representative sample of young adults was divided into four emotional disposition groups based on STAI-T and MADRS cut-offs: high anxiety (HA, n = 41), high depressiveness (HD, n = 31), high depressiveness & high anxiety (HAHD, n = 65) and control (CT, n = 155). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103117DOI Listing

Self-relevance enhances evidence gathering during decision-making.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 25;209:103122. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.

Despite repeated demonstrations that self-relevant material is prioritized during stimulus appraisal, a number of unresolved issues remain. In particular, it is unclear if self-relevance facilitates task performance when stimuli are encountered under challenging processing conditions. To explore this issue, using a backward masking procedure, here participants were required to report if briefly presented objects (pencils and pens) had previously been assigned to the self or a best friend (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103122DOI Listing

Screen position effects on task performance in a delayed match to sample task.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 22;208:103123. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Neural Cognitive Mapping Laboratory, Interdisciplinary School of Health Science, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Studies of working memory have used immediate and delayed recall of lists of items. Serial position effects are the phenomena where items at the beginning and end of a studied list are recalled differentially from items in the middle of the list. In matching versions of the task, study items may be presented serially or simultaneously in a grid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103123DOI Listing

Influence of global precedence on spatial Stroop effect.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 22;208:103116. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China. Electronic address:

In this study, two experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of global precedence on spatial Stroop effect. Combined stimuli were adopted. In Experiment 1, a Chinese character " (up) or " (down) was embedded in an up- or down-pointing arrow; the character was the local feature, whereas the arrow was the global feature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103116DOI Listing

Distorted perceptual face maps.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 22;208:103128. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom.

Recent research has shown that proprioception relies on distorted representations of body size and shape. By asking participants to localise multiple landmarks in space, perceptual body maps can be constructed. Such maps of the hand and forearm is highly distorted, with large overestimation of limb width compared to length. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103128DOI Listing

The effect of co-actor group membership on the social inhibition of return effect.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 21;208:103119. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel; The Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making (IIPDM), Israel.

Being part of a group is a crucial factor in human social interaction. In the current study we explored whether group membership affects reflexive automatic cognitive functioning, and specifically the social inhibition of return effect (SIOR; Welsh et al., 2005). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103119DOI Listing

Discriminative learning and associative memory under the differential outcomes procedure is modulated by cognitive load.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 18;208:103103. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Almería, Almería, Spain; CERNEP Research Center, Universidad de Almería, Almería, Spain.

Working memory (WM) has been thought to be the cause of associative memory deficits in older adults. Previous research has demonstrated the benefits of a discriminative learning procedure, the differential outcomes procedure (DOP), to ameliorate such associative-memory maintenance deficits in situations that simulate adherence to medical prescriptions in both healthy and pathological ageing. Specifically, the DOP involves rewarding each correct response to each stimulus-stimulus association with a distinct and unique outcome (reinforcer). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103103DOI Listing

No evidence for an independent retinotopic reference frame for inhibition of return.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 17;208:103107. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Vision Modelling Laboratory, Faculty of Social Sciences, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia; Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

Inhibition of return (IOR) represents a delay in responding to a previously inspected location and is viewed as a crucial mechanism that sways attention toward novelty in visual search. Although most visual processing occurs in retinotopic, eye-centered, coordinates, IOR must be coded in spatiotopic, environmental, coordinates to successfully serve its role as a foraging facilitator. Early studies supported this suggestion but recent results have shown that both spatiotopic and retinotopic reference frames of IOR may co-exist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103107DOI Listing

On the relation between perceived stability and aesthetic appreciation.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 10;208:103082. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

University of Konstanz, Germany.

Perceived stability is an important feature of pictures with respect to their aesthetic appreciation. Pictures whose composition is perceived as stable are usually liked more than those with unstable arrangements. However, there are exceptions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103082DOI Listing

Shadowing in the manual modality.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 9;208:103092. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

San Diego State University, United States of America; University of California, San Diego, United States of America.

Motor simulation has emerged as a mechanism for both predictive action perception and language comprehension. By deriving a motor command, individuals can predictively represent the outcome of an unfolding action as a forward model. Evidence of simulation can be seen via improved participant performance for stimuli that conform to the participant's individual characteristics (an egocentric bias). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103092DOI Listing

Signals through music and dance: Perceived social bonds and formidability on collective movement.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 7;208:103093. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London SE14 6NW, UK.

Previous studies have suggested that the prosocial effects which arise following synchrony during music and dance may serve as a mechanism for people to bond socially. However, other research has proposed that synchrony could be a mechanism for signalling coalition to demonstrate fitness, which is expressed by a group's ability to effectively cooperate. In the present studies, we compared these theories by showing participants realistic virtual avatars engaged in different forms of group dance and then examining their perceived social closeness and formidability of the dance groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103093DOI Listing

Listeners are better at predicting speakers similar to themselves.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 7;208:103094. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Although it takes several hundred milliseconds to prepare a spoken contribution, gaps between turns in conversation tend to be much shorter. To produce these short gaps, it appears that interlocutors predict the end of their partner's turn. The theory of prediction-by-simulation proposes that individuals use their own motor system to model a partner's upcoming actions by referring to prior production experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103094DOI Listing

Attention please: ERP evidence for prime-target resource competition in the neutral-target variant of affective priming.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 5;208:103102. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Bonn, Germany.

Using event-related potentials we examined the mechanisms that underlie the influence of affective context information on evaluative judgments in affective priming (AP). Participants (N = 44) evaluated a priori neutral target ideographs that were preceded by 800-ms negative, neutral or positive prime pictures. We observed a significant AP effect (APE), with more positive target ratings for targets following positive versus negative primes, with neutral primes lying in between. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103102DOI Listing

The power of last fixation: Biasing simple choices by gaze-contingent manipulation.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 5;208:103106. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

School of Management, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, China.

Among the established findings in eye movement during decision-making, decision-makers are likely to choose the last fixated option, and this phenomenon has proven robust. However, the causal link between last fixation and choices requires further examination. In Study 1 (N = 40), a gaze-contingent manipulation paradigm was developed by controlling the timing of decision prompts to manipulate the last fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103106DOI Listing

Focus to an attribute with verbal or numerical quantifiers affects the attribute framing effect.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 1;208:103088. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

People find positive attribute frames (e.g., 75% lean) more persuasive than negative ones (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103088DOI Listing

Reasoning about epistemic possibilities.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 1;208:103081. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA; Department of Psychology, New York University, 6 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA.

Reasoning about epistemic possibilities - those based on knowledge - is fundamental in daily life. It is formalized in modal logics, of which there are infinitely many, based on the semantics of 'possible worlds'. An alternative psychological theory postulates that possibilities (and probabilities) in daily life are based on the human ability to construct mental models of finite alternatives, which can each be realized in an indefinite number of different ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103081DOI Listing

Working memory load does not affect sequential motor planning.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 30;208:103091. Epub 2020 May 30.

Faculty of Psychology and Sports Science, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany; Cognitive Interaction Technology, Center of Excellence, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany; CoR-Lab, Research Institute for Cognition and Robotics, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.

Movement planning disrupts the recall performance in a short term memory task, indicating that both processes share common working memory (WM) resources. In the current study, we tested whether this interference was bidirectional. To this end, we combined an easy or a difficult memory task (depleting different amounts of WM resources) with a sequential motor task (opening a column of drawers). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103091DOI Listing

Twin mechanisms: Rapid scene recognition involves both feedforward and feedback processing.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 30;208:103101. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

The low spatial frequency (LSF) component of visual information rapidly conveyed coarse information for global perception, while the high spatial frequency (HSF) component delivered fine-grained information for detailed analyses. The feedforward theorists deemed that a coarse-to-fine process was sufficient for a rapid scene recognition. Based on the response priming paradigm, the present study aimed to deeply explore how different spatial frequency interacted with each other during rapid scene recognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103101DOI Listing

Performance-related stress mediates the online control and integration of sequential movements.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 30;208:103105. Epub 2020 May 30.

Liverpool Hope University, Psychology, Action and Learning of Movement (PALM) Laboratory, School of Health Sciences, Hope Park, Liverpool L16 9JD, UK. Electronic address:

The effects of stress on directing attention within performance have been broadly explained by self-focus and distraction perspectives, where stress causes attention to be drawn internally or toward the sources of worry, respectively. Recent studies that have adopted manual aiming under different levels of stress have illuminated our understanding of the stress-performance framework. The present study seeks to elaborate on this current trend by introducing a sequential task, where the integration of individual movement segments enhances the demands on preparation and control, and thus closely examines the explanatory power of the self-focus and distraction perspectives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103105DOI Listing

Tactile distance adaptation aftereffects do not transfer to perceptual hand maps.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 30;208:103090. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom.

Recent studies have demonstrated that mental representations of the hand dorsum are distorted even for healthy participants. Perceptual hand maps estimated by pointing to specific landmarks (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103090DOI Listing

Still want to help? Interpersonal coordination's effects on helping behaviour after a 24 hour delay.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 19;206:103062. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Psychology, Edge Hill University, Liverpool L39 4QP, UK.

A fast-growing literature is establishing how moving in time together has pro-social consequences, though no work to date has explored the persistence of these effects over time. Across two studies, people who had previously performed coordinated movements were over three times more likely to give their time to help their co-actor when asked 24 hours later than those who had performed a similar but uncoordinated task. Findings showed that group-level categorisation, but not social affiliation, partially mediated helping behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103062DOI Listing

Prosocial effects of coordination - What, how and why?

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 15;207:103083. Epub 2020 May 15.

School of Communication and Culture, Aarhus University, Denmark.

A wealth of research in recent decades has investigated the effects of various forms of coordination upon prosocial attitudes and behavior. To structure and constrain this research, we provide a framework within which to distinguish and interrelate different hypotheses about the psychological mechanisms underpinning various prosocial effects of various forms of coordination. To this end, we introduce a set of definitions and distinctions that can be used to tease apart various forms of prosociality and coordination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103083DOI Listing

Rhythmic auditory stimuli heard before and during a reaching movement elicit performance improvements in both temporal and spatial movement parameters.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 15;207:103086. Epub 2020 May 15.

Perceptial Motor Integration Lab, Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management, University of Manitoba, 102 Frank Kennedy Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada.

Rhythmic auditory stimuli (RAS) have been proposed to improve motor performance in populations with and without sensorimotor impairments. However, the reasons for the reported benefits are poorly understood. One idea is that RAS may supplement intrinsic feedback when other sensory input is diminished. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103086DOI Listing

Anticipation in sociomotor actions: Similar effects for in- and outgroup interactions.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 15;207:103087. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Psychology, Julius-Maximilians-University of Würzburg, Röntgenring 11, 97070 Würzburg, Germany.

In social interactions, own actions often trigger a particular response from another person. The sociomotor framework proposes that this consistent behavior of others can become incorporated into own action control. In line with this idea, recent studies have shown that own motor actions are facilitated if they are predictably being imitated rather than counterimitated by a social interaction partner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103087DOI Listing

The effects of observing and producing gestures on Japanese word learning.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 15;207:103079. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia; Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

While observing and producing gesture can enhance native language learning, research in foreign word learning is limited. English-speaking university students were verbally presented with Japanese verbs with their English translations in one of three conditions: no gesture, observing an instructor's iconic gestures, or observing and reproducing the instructor's gestures. Participants verbally recalled the words immediately following training and after a one-week delay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103079DOI Listing

Investigating the effect of trustworthiness on instruction-based reflexivity.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 13;207:103085. Epub 2020 May 13.

Ghent University, Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B-9000 Gent, Belgium.

Unlike other species, humans are capable of rapidly learning new behavior from a single instruction. While previous research focused on the cognitive processes underlying the rapid, automatic implementation of instructions, the fundamentally social nature of instruction following has remained largely unexplored. Here, we investigated whether instructor trustworthiness modulates instruction implementation using both explicit and reflexive measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103085DOI Listing

Implicit attentional biases in a changing environment.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 13;206:103064. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Institute Brain and Behavior Amsterdam (iBBA), the Netherlands.

The current study investigates whether statistical regularities that change over time affect attentional selection. While searching for a target singleton, the distractor singleton was presented much more often in one location than in all other locations. Crucially, the location that had a distractor much more often, changed to new locations during the course of the experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103064DOI Listing

The effects of a model statement on information elicitation and deception detection in multiple interviews.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 12;207:103080. Epub 2020 May 12.

University of Portsmouth, Department of Psychology, United Kingdom.

Researchers started developing interview techniques to enhance deception detection in forensic settings. One of those techniques is the Model Statement, which has been shown to be effective for eliciting information and cues to deception in single interviews. In the current research, we focused on the effect of the Model Statement in multiple interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103080DOI Listing

Can mental time lines co-exist in 3D space?

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 11;207:103084. Epub 2020 May 11.

Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, 430079, Wuhan, China; School of Psychology, Central China Normal University (CCNU), 430079, Wuhan, China; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, 430079, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

A growing body of evidence suggested that time can be represented separately either on the lateral, sagittal or vertical axis. However, it is still not clear whether these mental time lines from different origins could co-exist, or compete with each other such that if one is selected, the others are inhibited? The present study addressed this question using a multi-dimensional free-choice paradigm with Mandarin speakers in three experiments. The results showed that significant spatial-temporal congruency effects were found both on the lateral and sagittal/vertical axes in the horizontal/coronal plane either in a temporal judgment relevant or irrelevant task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103084DOI Listing

Reduction of emotional distraction during target processing by attentional manipulations.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 28;207:103068. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Experimental Psychology, and Brain, Mind, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Spain. Electronic address:

Previous research has demonstrated that fully irrelevant distractors - i.e., not sharing any feature with the target - capture our attention and modulate our responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103068DOI Listing

Disentangling spatial conflicts in mental perspective taking.

Authors:
Kim Puls Mark May

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Jun 28;207:103078. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Helmut-Schmidt-Universität, Hamburg, Germany.

The present experiment was conducted to examine the cognitive processes underlying mental perspective taking in remembered environments. Participants learned a layout of everyday objects from multiple randomly chosen perspectives. They were then blindfolded and tested for their spatial knowledge by having them point to unseen object locations from imagined perspectives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103078DOI Listing

Directed forgetting of emotionally valenced faces.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 21;206:103077. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Brandon University, Canada.

An item-method directed forgetting task was used in three studies to present photographs of happy, neutral and sad faces to participants who had been induced to adopt a happy, neutral or sad mood. At test remember, forget or new judgments of old and new photographs of happy, neutral or sad faces were collected. According to the affect-as-cognitive-feedback hypothesis positively valenced stimuli serve as 'go signals' validating the use of currently accessible cognitions to process task demands whereas negatively valenced stimuli serve as 'stop signals' inhibiting or reversing the use of those cognitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103077DOI Listing

Bliss is blue and bleak is grey: Abstract word-colour associations influence objective performance even when not task relevant.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 10;206:103067. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language, Australia; Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Netherlands.

Humans associate abstract words with physical stimulus dimensions, such as linking upward locations with positive concepts (e.g., happy = up). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103067DOI Listing

"You're wrong!": The impact of accuracy feedback on the bat-and-ball problem.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 10;206:103042. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Université de Paris, UMR CNRS 8240 LaPsyDÉ, France.

The popular bat-and-ball problem is a relatively simple math riddle on which people are easily biased by intuitive or heuristic thinking. In two studies we tested the impact of a simple but somewhat neglected manipulation - the impact of minimal accuracy feedback - on bat-and-ball performance. Participants solved a total of 15 standard and 15 control versions of the bat-and-ball problem in three consecutive blocks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103042DOI Listing

Titchener's T in context 2 - Symmetric patterns of two Ts.

Authors:
Klaus Landwehr

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 8;206:103076. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address:

Patterns of two Ts, materializing different symmetry groups, were used to explore conditions that would lead to a modulation of the typically observed overestimation of the length of a T's undivided line relative to its divided line. Observers either had to compare the lengths of the lines of one or the other of the Ts in a pattern, or noncorresponding lines between the two Ts. For both tasks alike, the T-illusion was found to be markedly greater with twofold mirror-symmetric 2-T patterns than it usually is with individual Ts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103076DOI Listing

Adaptive event integration in the missing element task.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 6;206:103065. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Psychology, Experimental Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; Research School of Behavioural and Cognitive Neurosciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Evidence for adaptive event integration has previously been provided using the Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) task. However, it is not straightforward to generalize this finding to other types of tasks that measure temporal integration, because integration in such tasks is known to vary, depending on the method that is used. This variability has been seen as an indication that integration may result from more than a single type of perceptual persistence, and that different integration tasks may not tap into same type of persistence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103065DOI Listing

The effect of perceptual load on the processing of multiple social categories in face.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 5;206:103041. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China.

The aim of this study is to explore the processing features of the multi-social categories and their mechanisms of interaction. Adopting the Inhibition Paradigm in experiment 1, this study investigated whether the race and gender information obtained from images of face would influence the judgment of name category under the different perceptual load levels. The results of two sub-experiments showed that facial features contained strong, intuitive clues for race category. Read More

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Associations between performance-based and self-reported prospective memory, impulsivity and encoding support.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 8;206:103066. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Institute of Education, Health and Social Sciences, University of Chichester, United Kingdom.

Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to execute future intended actions and may be negatively affected by impulsivity. The current study aimed to address questions on (1) relationships of PM with facets of impulsivity; (2) psychometric properties of a PM task, in particular convergent validity with self-reported PM; and (3) whether external support of the encoding process would improve PM or affect relationships with impulsivity. 245 participants performed the experiment online. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103066DOI Listing

Dissociating affective and cognitive dimensions of uncertainty by altering regulatory focus.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Apr 29;205:103017. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

Clover Health, New Jersey, United States of America.

Cognitive uncertainty is evidenced across learning, memory, and decision-making tasks. Uncertainty has also been examined in studies of positive affect and preference by manipulating stimulus presentation frequency. Despite the extensive research in both of these areas, there has been little systematic study into the relationship between affective and cognitive uncertainty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103017DOI Listing

Expecting the good: Symbolic valence signals provoke action biases and undermine goal-directed behavior.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 May 28;206:103063. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Positive and negative events are known to trigger opposing action tendencies (approach vs. avoidance). Recently, we found that advance monetary incentive cues can override such valence-action biases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103063DOI Listing

Distinct affective responses to second- and third-party norm violations.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Apr 25;205:103060. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, PMB 407817, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Nashville, TN, 37240, United States of America.

Social norm violations provoke strong emotional reactions that often culminate in punishment of the wrongdoer. This is true not only when we are the victims of the norm violation (second-party), but also when witnessing a complete stranger being victimized (third-party). What remains unclear, however, is whether second- and third-party punishments are associated with different emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103060DOI Listing

Accelerating reading via local priming.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2020 Apr 20;205:103056. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

E.J.S Brain Research Center for the Study of Learning Disabilities, University of Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

Visual nonlinguistic local and global priming can change one's state of mind and influence other upcoming tasks. Reading involves both detailed and higher-level global processing. Little is known about the effects of visual non-linguistic priming on lower level processing of words, as well as about the potentially higher-level processing of written information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103056DOI Listing