3,035 results match your criteria Acta Psychologica[Journal]


Trial-to-trial carryover effects on spatial attentional bias.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 12;196:51-55. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Behavioral Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Visual Probe Tasks (VPTs) have been extensively used to measure spatial attentional biases, but as usually analysed, VPTs do not consider trial-to-trial carryover effects of probe location: Does responding to a probe on, e.g., the location of a threat cue affect the bias on the subsequent trial? The aim of the current study was to confirm whether this kind of carryover exists, using a novel task version, the diagonalized VPT, designed to focus on such trial-to-trial interactions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183053
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Interactor's body shape does not affect visuo-motor interference effects during motor coordination.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 12;196:42-50. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

SCNLab, Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy; IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy.

The biological-tuning of the Action Observation Network is highly debated. A current open question relates to whether the morphological appearance (body shape) and/or the biological motion of the observed agent triggers action simulation processes. Motor simulation of the partner's action is critical for motor interactions, where two partners coordinate their actions in space and time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Preferred frequency ratios for spontaneous auditory-motor synchronization: Dynamical stability and hysteresis.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 9;196:33-41. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

EuroMov, Univ. Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Humans spontaneously synchronize their movements with external auditory rhythms such as a metronome or music. Although such synchronization preferentially occurs toward simple 1:1 movement-stimulus frequency ratio, the extent to which spontaneous synchronization can also occur toward more complex frequency ratios remains largely unclear. The present study investigates the occurrence and dynamical stability of spontaneous auditory-motor synchronization at multiple frequency ratios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Holding a real object during encoding helps the learning of foreign vocabulary.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 8;196:26-32. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Cognition, Langues, Langage, Ergonomie, Université de Toulouse, CNRS-UMR 5263, Toulouse 31000, France; Institut Universitaire de France, France.

This study aims at assessing and comparing two different methods for learning new vocabulary words in a foreign language. Learning vocabulary with images as non-verbal aids was compared to learning vocabulary with real objects. The Rwandan children who participated in this study learnt French as a third language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.03.008DOI Listing

Like what you see: Generalization of social learning determines art appreciation.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 6;196:18-25. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, Brain & Cognition Unit, KU Leuven, Belgium.

We examine whether a stimulus generalization framework can provide insight in how experience shapes evaluative responses to artworks. Participants received positive information about one artwork and negative information about another artwork. Afterwards, we tested their evaluative responses not only to these artworks but also to similar artworks, which allowed us to assess generalization. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Diagnostic parts are not exclusive in the search template for real-world object categories.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 30;196:11-17. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany; Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences, Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Visual search can be aided by a search template: a preparatory representation of relevant target features. But which features are relevant in complex, real-world category search? Previous research suggests that this template must be flexible to account for variations in naturalistic stimulus properties such as size and occlusion, and that shapes of diagnostic parts of objects are a likely candidate. Here, in three experiments, we systematically evaluated the contribution of diagnostic object parts and whole object shape to the category-level search template. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
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Sex differences in perceptual hand maps: A meta-analysis.

Authors:
Matthew R Longo

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 29;196:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

A large body of research has suggested that localisation of the hand in external space relies on distorted representations of the hand. We developed a paradigm for measuring implicit perceptual maps of the hand (Longo & Haggard, 2010, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 107, 11727-11732), which show systematic deviation from actual hand shape, including overestimation of hand width and underestimation of finger length. Recently, Coelho and Gonzalez (in press, Psychol Res) reported sex differences in these perceptual hand maps, with women showing greater overestimation of hand width, but less underestimation of finger length than men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Subclinical high schizotypy traits are associated with slower change detection.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 26;195:80-86. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

School of Psychological Sciences, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3086, Australia.

Patients with schizophrenia often show impairments in visual information processing that have been linked to abnormal magnocellular or dorsal stream functioning. However, such deficits are not consistently reported, possibly due to the broad symptomology inherent to schizophrenia, and/or medication effects. To avoid these latter issues this study employed visual perceptual tasks targeting magnocellular (flicker-defined form contrast threshold), dorsal stream (motion coherence, change detection) and ventral stream (form coherence) processing, and compared performance of groups of high and low sub-clinical schizotypy traits from a neurotypical population (n = 20 per group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.03.005DOI Listing
April 2019
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Relative to what? Dynamic updating of fluency standards and between-participants illusions of truth.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 19;195:71-79. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

University of Salzburg, Austria.

Previous research has shown that fluency effects are driven by discrepancies between current and baseline fluency. Thus, illusions of truth associated with repetition (which increases statement fluency and its perceived truth-value relative to new statements) are less likely to occur when participants judge pure lists of either all-repeated or all-new statements and comparisons are between-participants, than when participants judge mixed lists and comparisons are within-participants. Still, there are demonstrations of between-participants illusions of truth in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Interactive effects of trait and state anxieties on time perception.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 15;195:64-70. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Psychology, Tsinghua University, China; Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, China. Electronic address:

Although some previous studies have investigated the time distortion of anxious patients, it remains open about the interactive effects of trait and state anxieties on time perception. In the present study, participants in high and low trait anxieties perceived 24 negative and 24 neutral words for 2 s in induced anxious and calm mood states, and their time perceptions were recorded by the time reproduction task. The results showed that high trait anxious individuals underestimated the 2-second duration while low trait anxious individuals overestimated the 2-second duration in the anxious state compared with those in the calm state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Being watched: Effects of an audience on eye gaze and prosocial behaviour.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 14;195:50-63. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AZ, UK. Electronic address:

When someone is watching you, you may change your behaviour in various ways: this is called the 'audience effect'. Social behaviours such as acting prosocially or changing gaze patterns may be used as signals of reputation and thus may be particularly prone to audience effects. The present paper aims to test the relationship between prosocial choices, gaze patterns and the feeling of being watched within a novel ecologically valid paradigm, where participants communicate with a video-clip of a confederate and believe she is (or is not) a live feed of a confederate who can see them back. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.02.002DOI Listing

Memory across a short-delay: Systematic biases in memory for faces.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 13;195:39-49. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, United States of America.

From geometric figures to human faces, many visual stimuli vary along a continuum in featural space, anchored at one end by a highly distinctive constellation of features, at the other by a neutral set. Here we used a continuum of morphed faces to test whether errors in visual short-term memory are symmetric in feature space around the target or systematically biased toward one or the other end of the continuum. Participants were shown a face for 1 s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.02.007DOI Listing

Word naming slows picture naming but does not affect cumulative semantic interference.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 12;195:30-38. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

University of East London, Water Lane, London E15 4LZ, United Kingdom.

Two experiments are reported which investigate the effect of processing words prior to naming target pictures. In Experiment 1, participants named (read aloud) sequences of five printed prime words and five target pictures from the same semantic category, and also sequences of five prime words from a different unrelated semantic category to the five related target pictures. Picture and words were interleaved, with two unrelated filler stimuli in between prime and target stimuli (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.011DOI Listing

Reading without spaces revisited: The role of word identification and sentence-level constraints.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 9;195:22-29. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.

The present study examined the relative contribution of bottom-up word identification and top-down sentence-level constraints in facilitating the reading of text printed without between-word spacing. We compared reading of grammatically correct sentences and shuffled versions of the same words presented both with normal spacing and without spaces. We found that reading was hampered by removing sentence structure as well as by removing spaces. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

I'm so touched! Self-touch increases attitude extremity via self-focused attention.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 1;195:12-21. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 350 Church St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1043, United States of America. Electronic address:

In everyday life, people often engage in behaviors like chin touching, hand clasping, and arm crossing. Such self-touching behaviors have been found to emerge under emotional stress and while performing tasks requiring concentration and focus. In contrast to work examining antecedents of self-touch, the current research experimentally investigates the causal outcomes of self-touch, specifically its influence on evaluative cognitions such as attitudes toward external objects and events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.02.005DOI Listing

Layers of latent effects in cognitive control: An EEG investigation.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Apr 1;195:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Logan Hall, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United States of America.

Recent research demonstrates that two components of reaching behavior - initiation time (the time elapsed from stimulus presentation to movement initiation) and reach curvature (the degree to which a reach movement deviates from a direct path to the selected response) - exhibit distinct cross-trial dynamics in cognitive control tasks, indicating that these components of behavior reflect two dissociable processes underlying cognitive control: a threshold adjustment process involving the inhibition of motor output and a controlled selection process involving the recruitment of top-down resources to support goal-relevant behavior. The current study investigates the extent to which the cross-trial dynamics previously observed in reaching behavior in the Eriksen flanker task are reflected in event-related potentials during standard button-press responses. Candidate EEG measures of the threshold adjustment process (N2 and Pre-LRP amplitudes) failed to reveal the cross-trial dynamics previously observed in initiation times. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445716PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Response-effects trigger the development of explicit knowledge.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 26;194:87-100. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

University of Cologne, Department of Psychology, Richard-Strauss-Str. 2, 50931 Köln, Germany.

In implicit learning, task-redundant response-effects can enhance the development of explicit knowledge. Here, we investigated whether learning a fixed sequence of effects (stimuli occurring immediately after the participant's keypress, but are not mapped to the identity of the respective response) influence the development of explicit rather than implicit knowledge when these effects are afterwards mapped to the identity of the responses. We tested first, whether participants would learn a fixed sequence of effects in a serial reaction time task when these effects were not mapped to the identity of the responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.016DOI Listing
March 2019
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Time dilation and acceleration in depression.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 22;194:77-86. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Biopsychosocial & eHealth Research & Innovation Hub & DVC-R Portfolio, Federation University Australia, Australia.

Background: A recent meta-analysis left open a significant question regarding altered time perception in depression: Why do depressed people overproduce short durations and under-produce longer durations if their present experience is that time flows slowly? Experience and judgement of time do not seem to accord with one another.

Analysis: By excluding two of the six studies on methodological grounds from a previous meta-analysis of medium-length interval productions, and re-analysing the remaining four studies, the present paper finds that subjective time accelerates from initial dilation within present experience (approximately 1 s duration) to subsequent acceleration within working memory (approximately 30 s duration) when depressed.

Proposals: It is proposed that depressive time dilation and acceleration refer to the default mode and central executive networks, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.02.003DOI Listing
March 2019
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Social anxiety enhances recognition of task-irrelevant threat words.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 16;194:69-76. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Past research is mixed regarding the conditions under which memory biases emerge in individuals with high levels of social anxiety. The current study examined whether high social anxiety would be associated with a memory bias for threatening, but task-irrelevant information, or whether it creates a memory bias for both threatening as well as neutral distractors. 60 undergraduate students were recruited, half classified as having high social anxiety and half as having low social anxiety according to the Social Phobia Inventory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.015DOI Listing

The role of implicit gender spatial stereotyping in mental rotation performance.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 10;194:63-68. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Developmental and Socialization Psychology, University of Padova, Italy.

Men outscore women in mental rotation. Among the possible explanations for this result are gender stereotypes. Research has shown that instructions confirming or disconfirming the gender stereotype that men are more talented than women may affect performance in some spatial tasks, such as mental rotation, but research so far has shown inconsistent or null results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.013DOI Listing

Intuitive physics of gravitational motion as shown by perceptual judgment and prediction-motion tasks.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 10;194:51-62. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy.

In Experiment 1, we explored participants' perceptual knowledge of vertical fall by presenting them with virtually simulated polystyrene or wooden spheres falling to the ground from about two meters high. Participants rated the perceived naturalness of the motion. Besides the implied mass of the sphere, we manipulated the motion pattern (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.02.001DOI Listing

Mnemonic effects of action simulation from pictures and phrases.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 7;194:37-50. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy; Centro di Logica, Linguaggio e Cognizione, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy.

Several theoretical approaches suggest that language comprehension and action observation rely on similar mental simulations. Granted that these two simulations partially overlap, we assumed that simulations stemming from action observations are more direct than those stemming from action phrases. The implied prediction was that simulation from action observation should prevail on simulation from action phrases when their effects are contrasted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.012DOI Listing

The influence of misinformation manipulations on evaluative conditioning.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 5;194:28-36. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Social Cognition Center Cologne, Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany.

We tested the influence of misinformation on evaluative conditioning (EC) by giving false information about the contingencies between CS and US stimuli after a conditioning procedure. This was done by asking participants questions about the USs while inaccurately suggesting that some CSs had been paired with a US that had the opposite valence than the US it had actually been paired with. For CS-US pairs from other conditions, accurate suggestions or no suggestions at all were given to participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.014DOI Listing

Long-term memory for contemporary dance is distributed and collaborative.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 29;194:17-27. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Queensland University of Technology, Australia; Australian Dance Theatre, Australia.

Professional dancers appear to be the embodied records of works of choreography that have been created, rehearsed and performed. Their precision in recalling extended sequences of movement developed for these works defies the conventional methods used to investigate memory. A distributed cognition view holds that memory will not only be individualistic, but also extended across a dance ensemble. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.002DOI Listing

Attention to the face is characterised by a difficult to inhibit first fixation to the eyes.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 25;193:229-238. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK. Electronic address:

The eyes are preferentially attended over other facial features and recent evidence suggests this bias is difficult to suppress. To further examine the automatic and volitional nature of this bias for eye information, we used a novel prompting face recognition paradigm in 41 adults and measured the location of their first fixations, overall dwell time and behavioural responses. First, patterns of eye gaze were measured during a free-viewing forced choice face recognition paradigm. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019
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Methodological improvements of the association-based concealed information test.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 25;194:7-16. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, A-1010 Vienna, Austria.

The Association-Based Concealed Information Test (A-CIT) is a deception-detection method, in which participants categorize personally relevant items (e.g., their own surnames) as probes together with categorically similar but irrelevant items (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.010DOI Listing

The combined influence of the own-age, -gender, and -ethnicity biases on face recognition.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 25;194:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Bournemouth University, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Electronic address:

Whether the own-group (own-ethnicity, own-gender, and own-age) biases in face recognition are based on the same mechanism and whether their effects are additive or not are as yet unanswered questions. Employing a standard old/new recognition paradigm, we investigated the combined crossover effects of the own-ethnicity, own-gender, and own-age biases in a group of 160 participants. Result showed that while face recognition accuracy decreased as the number of out-group features increased, the own-ethnicity bias appeared to have more of a unique influence on face recognition than the other biases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.009DOI Listing

Second-guess: Testing the specificity of error detection in the bat-and-ball problem.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 18;193:214-228. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

LaPsyDE (CNRS Unit 8240), Sorbonne - Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.

In the last decade conflict detection studies in the reasoning and decision-making field have suggested that biased reasoners who give an intuitive response that conflicts with logico-mathematical principles can often detect that their answer is questionable. In the present studies we introduced a second guess paradigm to test the nature and specificity of this error or conflict signal. Participants solved the bat-and-ball problem and were allowed to make a second guess after they had entered their answer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019
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Visual foraging and executive functions: A developmental perspective.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 17;193:203-213. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Psychology, School of Health Sciences, University of, Iceland.

Visual foraging tasks, where participants search for multiple targets at a time, may provide a richer picture of visual attention than traditional single-target visual search tasks. To contribute to the mapping of foraging abilities throughout childhood and to assess whether foraging ability is dependent upon EF abilities, we compared the foraging of 66 children aged 4-7 years (mean age = 5.68 years, SD = 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918173054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Time passes too fast? Then recall the past! - Evidence for a reminiscence heuristic in passage of time judgments.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 17;193:197-202. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Memory-based approaches suggest that retrospective judgments concerning the passage of lifetime are based on available meaningful experiences. However, an open question is whether passage of time judgments reflect the objective amount of important experiences or rather the amount of memories that are currently activated in the moment of judging. To examine this issue, we asked 473 participants to judge the passage of the last five years either before or after recalling as many important autobiographical events as possible from the last five years. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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Eye vergence responses to novel and familiar stimuli in young children.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 15;193:190-196. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Cognition, Development and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Braingaze SL, Mataró, Spain; Neuroscience Institute, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Eye vergence is the slow movement of both eyes in opposite directions enabling binocular vision. Recently, it was suggested that vergence could be involved in orienting visual attention and memory having a role in cognitive processing of sensory information. In the present study, we assessed whether such vergence responses are observed in early childhood. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365649PMC
February 2019
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Explicit and implicit timing in aging.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 15;193:180-189. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Aix-Marseille University & CNRS, Laboratoire des Neurosciences Cognitives (LNC), UMR 7291, Marseille, France.

Explicit and implicit measures of timing were compared between young and older participants. In both tasks, participants were initially familiarized with a reference interval by responding to the second of two beeps separated by a fixed interval. During the subsequent testing phase, this inter-stimulus interval was variable. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Group analyses can hide heterogeneity effects when searching for a general model: Evidence based on a conflict monitoring task.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 11;193:171-179. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

In experimental psychology, a unique model of general processing is often sought to represent the behaviors of all individuals. We address the question of whether seeking this objective - a unique model - is the most fruitful scientific strategy by studying a specific case example. In order to approach an answer to such a question, we compared the conventional approach in experimental psychology with analyses at the individual level by applying a specific mathematical modeling approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.11.015DOI Listing
February 2019

Language experience modulates bilingual language control: The effect of proficiency, age of acquisition, and exposure on language switching.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 11;193:160-170. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

University of Edinburgh, 3, Charles Street, Edinburgh EH8 9AD, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

The ability to selectively access two languages characterises the bilingual everyday experience. Previous studies showed the role of second language (L2) proficiency, as a proxy for dominance, on language control. However, the role of other aspects of the bilingual experience - such as age of acquisition and daily exposure - are relatively unexplored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019

The effects of concurrent cognitive task load on recognising faces displaying emotion.

Authors:
Phil Reed Ian Steed

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 9;193:153-159. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Swansea University, UK.

Two independent experiments (N = 30 and N = 24) investigated the effects of concurrent task loads on the recognition of faces displaying emotions. The study aimed to explore a possible resolution for an apparently discrepant finding in the literature regarding the impact of such loads on recognition of facial emotions. Faces displaying different emotions were presented, with or without a concurrent load, until the facial stimuli were correctly labelled to criterion in terms of the displayed emotion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Two types of backward crosstalk: Sequential modulations and evidence from the diffusion model.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb;193:132-152

Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Department of Psychology, Cognition and Action.

In multitasking, the backward crosstalk effect (BCE) means that Task 1 performance is influenced by characteristics of Task 2. For example, (1) RT1 is shorter when the two responses are given on the same (compatible trial) compared with opposite sides (incompatible conflict-trial; compatibility-based BCE), and (2) RT1 is longer when Task 2 is a no-go relative to a go task (no-go BCE). We investigated the impact of recently experienced trial and conflict history on the size of such BCEs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.11.013DOI Listing
February 2019
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Holistic representation of negative numbers: Evidence from duration comparison tasks.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 7;193:123-131. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024, China. Electronic address:

Whether negative numbers are represented componentially as two separate components (a digit and a sign) or represented holistically as a whole is still under debate. The present study investigated the representation of negative numbers via duration comparison tasks that might eliminate the possible influences of the strategies participants usually use when processing numbers. In the duration comparison task, participants are required to compare the durations of two numbers that were presented sequentially, thus the numerical value is irrelevant to the task. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00016918183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.012DOI Listing
February 2019
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The shape of personal space.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 7;193:113-122. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck University of London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The notion of a personal space surrounding one's ego-center is time-honored. However, few attempts have been made to measure the shape of this space. With increasing use of virtual environments, the question has arisen if real-world aspects, such as gender-effects or the shape of personal space, translate to virtual setups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Parallel effects of retrieval ease on attributions about the past and the future.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 30;193:96-104. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, United States of America. Electronic address:

The present study explored the role of task difficulty in judgments about the past and the future. Participants recalled events from childhood and imagined future events. The difficulty of the task was manipulated by asking participants to generate either four or twelve events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Auditory capture of visual apparent motion, both laterally and looming.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 30;193:105-112. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, United States of America.

Traditional tests of multisensory stimuli typically support that vision dominates spatial judgments and audition dominates temporal ones. Here, we examine if unambiguous auditory spatial cues can capture ambiguous visual ones in judgments of direction of apparent motion. The visual motion judgments include both lateral movement and movement in depth, each when coupled with auditory stimuli moving at one of four rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring individual differences in task switching.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 30;193:80-95. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

School of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Previous research has shown that there are significant task-switching costs even when participants have time to prepare for task switching after cueing. We investigated individual differences in task switching by monitoring errors and response times of individual participants. In Experiment 1A, 58 participants were encouraged to finish the session early by completing 200 consecutive trials without making an error. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019
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Cue frequency modulates cuing effect either in the presence or in the absence of distractors.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 28;193:73-79. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Psychology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

A novel, salient stimulus, even though it is not related to a concurrent goal-directed behavior, powerfully captures people's attention. While this stimulus-driven attentional capture has long been presumed to take place in a purely bottom-up or automatic manner, growing evidence shows that a number of top-down factors modulate the stimulus-driven capture of attention. Recent studies pointed out the cue presentation frequency is such a factor; the capture of attention by a salient, task-irrelevant cue increased as its presentation frequency decreased. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of route decision-making and experience on human path integration.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 27;193:66-72. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address:

Path integration refers to a process of integrating information regarding self-motion to estimate one's current position and orientation. Here we reported two experiments designed to investigate whether, and if so, how human path integration could be influenced by route decision-making and previous experience. Using head-mounted display virtual reality and hallway mazes, we asked participants to travel along several hallways and then to directly return to the starting point, namely a path completion task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Examining associations between action game play and motor control.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 26;193:55-65. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Technology and Aging Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida, United States of America.

The effects of playing action video games have been investigated across a wide range of attentional and cognitive abilities. However, few studies have examined the association between motor control and action gaming experience. We report data from two discrete pointing tasks, manipulating the index of difficulty (ID) by movement distance and target size, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Individual differences in anxiety and fear learning: The role of working memory capacity.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 24;193:42-54. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:

Anxiety disorders are characterised by the perception of fear and threat in the presence of stimuli that are neutral or ambiguous. Attempts in previous research to explain the relationship between anxiety and fear learning have been inconsistent, possibly due to the influence of an unmeasured mechanism that mediates the relationship between them. Working memory capacity has been suggested as one such mechanism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Automatic and intentional processing of numerical order and its relationship to arithmetic performance.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 22;193:30-41. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Educational Neuroscience, Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Austria.

Recent findings have demonstrated that numerical order processing (i.e., the application of knowledge that numbers are organized in a sequence) constitutes a unique and reliable predictor of arithmetic performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Age-related differences in Voice-Onset-Time in Polish language users: An ERP study.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 20;193:18-29. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Laboratory of Neuropsychology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology of Polish Academy of Sciences, 3 Pasteur Street, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Using the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) paradigm we investigated for the first time cortical responses to consonant - vowel (CV) syllables differing in Voice-Onset-Time (VOT) for Polish, a member of the Slavic group of languages. The study aimed at testing age-related effects on different ERP responses in young (20-30 years of age) and elderly (60-68 years) native Polish speakers. Participants were presented with a sequence of voiced and voiceless stop CV syllables /to/ and /do/ with different VOT values (-100 ms, -70 ms, -30 ms, -20 ms, +20 ms, +50 ms). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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Lost in the forest? Global to local interference depends on children's reading skills.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 19;193:11-17. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

University of Leuven, Belgium; University of Kaiserslautern, Center for Cognitive Science, Germany.

We studied the global precedence effect in primary school children with and without developmental dyslexia, using a compound figures task with familiar (Latin) or unfamiliar (Hebrew) letters. The two components of the global precedence effect were considered separately: global advantage (faster processing of global than local letters) and asymmetric interference (global distracters interfere with local targets but not vice versa). Both groups of children showed a global advantage with familiar as well as with unfamiliar letters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Lifting, tasting, and carrying: The interaction of magnitude and valence effects in time perception.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Feb 12;193:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, USA; Department of Psychology, Gordon College, USA.

Magnitude effects (e.g., heavier or faster is longer) and valence effects (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.11.010DOI Listing
February 2019
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A singleton distractor updates the inhibitory template for visual marking.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Jan 8;192:200-211. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Psychology, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Visual marking, which is based on the assumption that previewing some distractors increases the efficiency of subsequent visual searches, constitutes one of the most efficient inhibitions on visual searches. The preview search task consists of a display of a subset of distractors followed by an additional display containing the remaining distractors and a target. During the preview period, an inhibitory template is thought to be formed, resulting in the prioritization of the subsequently presented items and the inhibition of the previewed items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.11.014DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read