906 results match your criteria Acta Parasitologica[Journal]


Isospora oliveirai n. sp. (Chromista: Miozoa: Eimeriidae) from the Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens (Lafresnaye, 1838) (Passeriformes: Tyranni: Tityridae) in South America.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Departamento de Biologia Animal, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR 465, Km 7, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 23890-000, Brazil.

Background: Coccidia are obligatory intracellular parasites with at least one intestinal phase in their life cycles, being Isospora Schneider, 1881 the main coccidian genus related to the order Passeriformes. However, there is no record of isosporans from the passerine family Tityridae, which is the family of the greenish schiffornis Schiffornis virescens (Lafresnaye, 1838).

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the faeces from a greenish schiffornis S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11686-020-00237-8DOI Listing

Detection of Cryptosporidium spp. Infection in Wild Raccoons (Procyon lotor) from Luxembourg Using an ELISA Approach.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2160, Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

Background: Cryptosporidium spp. are protozoan parasites that cause enteric infection in a wide range of mammals, including humans. The raccoon (Procyon lotor) is an invasive species in many parts of the world and studies have shown that they can be infected with Cryptosporidium spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00234-xDOI Listing

The Selection of Reliable Reference Genes for RT-qPCR Analysis of Anisakis simplex Sensu Stricto Gene Expression from Different Developmental Stages.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Plant Physiology, Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 1A, 10-719, Olsztyn, Poland.

Background: Anisakis simplex s. s. is a parasitic nematode with a complex life cycle in which humans can become accidental hosts by consuming raw or not fully cooked fish containing L3 larvae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00220-3DOI Listing

Protozoan Cysts in Faecal Pellets of German Cockroaches (Blattella germanica), with Particular Emphasis on Lophomonas blattarum.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Salamanca, Campus Miguel de Unamuno. Lic. Méndez Nieto, s/n, 37007, Salamanca, Spain.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate protozoan cysts and oocyts in the faecal pellets of the German cockroach (Blattella germanica), with emphasis on the prevalence of Lophomonas blattarum.

Methods: Thirty adult Blattella germanica (12 males; 18 females) were trapped near Madrid, Spain. Expelled faecal pellets were collected in the laboratory over 5 days in two plastic containers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00213-2DOI Listing

Anticoccidial and Antioxidant Activities of Moringa oleifera Leaf Extract on Murine Intestinal Eimeriosis.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Background: Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria and responsible for considerable economic loss in the livestock and poultry industries. Resistance to the current anticoccidial drugs is now a major challenge to efforts to control the disease, and this has stimulated the search for new compounds as alternative treatments. In this context, plant extracts have emerged as an alternative and complementary approach to control coccidiosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00219-wDOI Listing

Enhancing the Stability of Haemonchus contortus Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase and Binding of Host Albumin to the Parasite Enzyme.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Division of Biochemistry, ICAR-IVRI, Izatnagar, 243122, India.

Introduction: Haemonchus contortus is an economically important parasite of domestic animals. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) excreted in the ES product of H. contortus can be a promising vaccine candidate for controlling the parasite infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00212-3DOI Listing

Onchocleidus principalis (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae) Co-introduced to Europe with Centrarchid Fish.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

MARE, Centro de Ciências Do Mar E Do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016, Lisboa, Portugal.

Background: Non-native parasites are often translocated into novel areas together with their natural hosts, but the parasite diversity is frequently lower compared to the host's native range.

Purpose: This paper provides morphological and molecular characterisation for non-native monogenean parasite Onchocleidus principalis (Ancyrocephalidae) co-introduced with its fish host to Portugal, Europe, including new details on the species' vaginal morphology and metrics.

Methods: Two host species, the largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides and pumpkinseed sunfish Lepomis gibbosus, were sampled from two reservoirs (Landeira, Coruche) in the Atlantic Sea drainage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00217-yDOI Listing

The Discovery of Zoonotic Protozoans in Fleas Parasitizing on Pets as a Potential Infection Threat.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Purpose: Fleas are insects with a high medical and veterinary importance. They may participate in spreading of many pathogenic agents, but still there is limited information about their possible reservoir or vector role for protozoans. The main aim of this study was an attempt of detection zoonotic pathogens, such as Babesia microti and Toxoplasma gondii in fleas Ctenocephalides felis felis and Ctenocephalides canis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00221-2DOI Listing

Hematological and Biochemical Changes in Naturally Occurring Equine Piroplasmosis in Donkeys (Equus asinus) of Northwest of Iran.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Purpose: Equine piroplasmosis is a tick-borne protozoal disease affecting horses, mules, donkeys and zebras and can lead to severe economic losses in the equine industry. There is limited information on clinical pathologic changes of equine piroplasmosis in donkeys. This study aims to investigate the impacts of babesiosis on various hematological and biochemical properties in naturally infected donkeys with Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00223-0DOI Listing

First Detection of Toxoplasma gondii DNA in a Wild Bat from Colombia.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Grupo de Estudio en Parasitología y Micología Molecular GEPAMOL, Universidad del Quindío, Armenia, Quindío, Colombia.

Introduction: Toxoplasma gondii infections have been reported for many warm-blooded animals around the world including chiropterans. However, in Colombia, the country that holds the highest taxonomic richness of this order of mammals in the Neotropics, up to date there are no reports of T. gondii in bats (Carollia brevicauda). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00222-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238717PMC

Co-occurrence of Ectoparasites (Insecta and Arachnida) on Bats (Chiroptera) in an Atlantic Forest Remnant, Southeastern Brazil.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinária, Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Laboratório de Artrópodes Parasitas, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR465, Km 7, Seropédica, RJ, 23890-000, Brasil.

Purpose: Neotropical bats are infested by multiple ectoparasites (like bat fly and mite species) and investigations on these invertebrates on their hosts are crucial to better understand the ectoparasite-ectoparasite and ectoparasite-host associations. The goal of this study was to report ectoparasites species (bat flies and mites) on bats, emphasizing ectoparasite co-occurrences and host-ectoparasite associations. We also test if there is relationship between bat flies and mites on their hosts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00224-zDOI Listing

Epidemiology, Associated Factors and Treatment Methods of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Based on Previous Data from 2013 to 2018 in Ilam, Western Iran.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, University of Sadat city, Sadat, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology, clinical presentation and types of treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in the province of Ilam (Western Iran) in 5 years (from May 2013 to January 2018). This cross-sectional study involved patients diagnosed with CL who were referred to Mehran City Health center.

Methods: All patients were diagnosed by clinical and parasitological (Giemsa staining of lesion to observe the parasite) methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00198-yDOI Listing
May 2020
0.965 Impact Factor

Effect of Propolis, a Honeybee Product, Against a Parasite (Ligictaluridus floridanus) from Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) Gills.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, carretera Victoria-Mante km 5, C.P. 87000, Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of propolis against Ligictaluridus floridanus on Ictalurus punctatus gills.

Methods: This study used an ethanol extract of propolis at a concentration of 300 mg mL, with a total polyphenol concentration of 2.77 mg mL as determined by chromatography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00218-xDOI Listing

Epidemiology of Bovine Trypanosomosis and Vector Distribution in Didessa River Basin, Ethiopia.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Kaliti Tsetse Flies Mass Rearing and Irradiation Center, National Institute for Control and Eradication of Tsetse Fly and Trypanosomosis, PO Box 19917, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Back Ground: Tsetse-transmitted trypanosomosis much depends on the distribution and capacity of Glossina species responsible for transmission.

Method: A cross-sectional study based on parasitological and entomological studies was conducted from October to June 2018 to determine the epidemiology, distribution, and magnitude of the vector, the disease and Analyze associated risk factors.

Results: Based on implemented entomological study, Didessa river basin has a total apparent fly density of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00214-1DOI Listing

Blood of African Hedgehog Atelerix albiventris Contains 115-kDa Trypanolytic Protein that Kills Trypanosoma congolense.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Africa Centre of Excellence for Neglected Tropical Diseases and Forensic Biotechnology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Introduction: Protozoan parasites of the Order Trypanosomatida infect a wide range of multicellular plants and animals, causing devastating and potentially fatal diseases. Trypanosomes are the most relevant members of the order in sub-Saharan Africa because of mortalities and morbidities caused to humans and livestock.

Purpose: There are growing concerns that trypanosomes are expanding their reservoirs among wild animals, which habours the parasites, withstand the infection, and from which tsetse flies transmit the parasites back to humans and livestock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00211-4DOI Listing

Molecular Detection and Assessment of Risk Factors for Tick-Borne Diseases in Sheep and Goats from Turkey.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, 080-8555, Japan.

Background: Tick-borne diseases mainly, theileriosis, babesiosis and anaplasmosis cause significant economic losses in livestock globally, including Turkey. The tick-borne pathogens of small ruminants in Turkey have been studied widely but information on molecular characterization and disease occurrence is still limited.

Methods: In this study, both microscopy and molecular detection and characterization for Theileria spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00207-0DOI Listing

Lutzomyia evandroi in a New Area of Occurrence of Leishmaniasis.

Acta Parasitol 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Academic Unit of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Av. Bom Pastor, S/N, Boa Vista, Garanhuns, CEP: 55292-270, Brazil.

Purpose: Sand flies are vectors of medical and veterinary concern, responsible for the transmission of Leishmania parasites. These invertebrates are widely distributed throughout the world and their abundance and diversity is dependent on several biotic and physical factors. Based on the epidemiological importance of these insects, the aim of this study was to assess the sand fly fauna of a new area of occurrence of leishmaniasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00215-0DOI Listing

Cellular Identification and In Silico Characterization of Protein Phosphatase 2C (PP2C) of Cryptosporidium parvum.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Facultad de Medicina, División de Investigación, Unidad de Investigación UNAM-INC (Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez), Juan Badiano No. 1, Col. Sección XVI, 14080, Mexico City, México.

Purpose: Cryptosporidium parvum is an Apicomplexa parasite that causes watery diarrhea (cryptosporidiosis), especially in children and immunocompromised adults (the latter in a very severe form). No effective treatment exists against infection by this parasite. Phosphatases participate in the regulation of various cellular functions and are thus considered potential therapeutic targets in many diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00209-yDOI Listing

In Vitro Anti-Leishmanial Assessment of Some Medicinal Plants Collected from Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

Authors:
Ibrahim Al Nasr

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

College of Science and Arts at Uniazah, Qassim University, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: In the present work, a group of nine medicinal plants (Sonchus oleraceus, Echinops spinosissimus, Trichodesma africana, Pergularia tomentosa, Teucrium oliverianum, Blepharis ciliaris, Citrllus colocynthis, Cleome amblyocarpa and Aerva javanica) from eight different families were investigated for their in vitro anti-leishmanial activity against the promastigote and amastigote stages of Leishmania major. L. major is the causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) which is one of the major health problems in Saudi Arabia and neighboring countries such as Iraq and Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00205-2DOI Listing

Gyrodactylus triglopsi n. sp. (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) from the Gills of Triglops nybelini Jensen, 1944 (Teleostei: Cottidae) in the Barents Sea.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Institute of Marine Research, Fram Centre, P.O. Box 6606, 9296, Langnes, Norway.

Introduction: Monogeneans of the genus Gyrodactylus were found on the gills of specimens of the bigeye sculpin Triglops nybelini Jensen, 1944 caught by trawl in the Barents Sea in January-February 2016.

Methods: Morphological preparations of the parasites were examined and photographed under a microscope at magnifications of × 100-1000 and morphometric analyses were carried out on 22 specimens using ImageJ2 software. Eight of the specimens used for the morphological comparisons were also subjected to molecular analyses by sequencing a region of the ribosomal DNA spanning partial 18S, the internal transcribed spacers 1 and 2 (ITS1 and 2), 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00208-zDOI Listing

Seasonal Distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi, Vector of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.

Authors:
Ahmed Karmaoui

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Biology, Southern Center for Culture and Science (SCCS), Lycée Imam Ali, Bni Zouli, Zagora, Morocco.

Purpose: The activity of Phlebotomus papatasi Scopoli, a vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis, is known to be seasonal, but the information describing these patterns is sparse in time and space. The purpose of his paper is to conduct a meta-analysis to depict the seasonality of P. papatasi at the global scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00201-6DOI Listing

Astronium fraxinifolium Schott Exerts Leishmanicidal Activity by Providing a Classically Polarized Profile in Infected Macrophages.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Laboratory of Immunology, Department of Clinical Analysis and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal Do Ceara (UFC), Rua Capitao Francisco Pedro 1210, Fortaleza, CE, 60430-370, Brazil.

Background: Leishmania braziliensis is prevalent in Latin American countries, including Brazil. It causes cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, leading to high morbidity, and has a low cure rate. Treatment is based on pentavalent antimonials; nonetheless, there are problems related to high toxicity, high cost, and parasitic resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00200-7DOI Listing

Coexistence of Multiple Theileria annulata Genotypes Circulating in Neonatal Calves in Semi-arid India.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

U P Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, 281001, India.

Background: Knowledge of local isolates and strains is a prerequisite for the development of either effective mass vaccination strategy or a suitable molecular marker-based diagnostic tool.

Purpose: The pathogenesis of Bovine tropical theileriosis (BTT), caused by Theileria annulata in susceptible ruminants, is known to vary depending upon the nature of isolate and strain involved. Therefore, RFLP and sequencing-based characterization of Indian isolates of T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00196-0DOI Listing
April 2020
0.965 Impact Factor

First Molecular Characterization of Trichostrongylus colubriformis Infection in Rural Patients from Chile.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Preclinical Sciences, Medicine Faculty, Laboratory of Molecular Immunoparasitology, Center of Translational Medicine Scientific and Technological Nucleus (CEMT-BIOREN), Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.

Purpose: The aim was to characterize the infection by Trichostrongylus spp. in patients from Chile using a combination of molecular detection techniques and phylogenetic analysis relating the findings to clinical and epidemiological reports of the patients METHODS: Strongylid eggs were detected in seven patients by coproparasitological techniques. From each sample a fragment of the ITS-2 ribosomal gene was amplified by PCR, sequenced and analyzed by the Neighbor-Joining method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00206-1DOI Listing
April 2020
0.965 Impact Factor

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Toxocariasis in Iran: Is it Time to Take it Seriously?

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Toxocariasis is one of the neglected zoonosis with considerable public health importance around the world. The current study aimed to elucidate the overall prevalence of Toxocara infection in human and definitive hosts and also the contamination of soil and raw vegetables with the ova of these parasites, in Iran, using systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: Six English and Persian databases were explored from 2000 to 2017 using the terms toxocariasis, Toxocara spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00195-1DOI Listing

Epidemiological Study of Canine Babesiosis and Hepatozoonosis in the South of Romania.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and distribution of canine babesiosis and hepatozoonosis in the south of Romania as well as to assess if there are differences in the prevalence between regions in that area.

Methods: Blood samples from 300 dogs from the south of Romania were screened for the presence of piroplasmids by PCR. Positive samples were further tested for the presence of Babesia spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00199-xDOI Listing
April 2020
0.965 Impact Factor

Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi Infection in Pregnant Women Suggests a High Risk for Congenital Transmission in Central Veracruz, Mexico.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

LADISER Inmunología y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Prolongación Oriente 6, No. 1009, Col. Rafael Alvarado, Orizaba, Mexico.

Purpose: The state of Veracruz, Mexico, is a well-recognized endemic region for Chagas disease, but congenital transmission has not been extensively studied. We estimated here the prevalence and the risk of congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in pregnant women from 27 municipalities of central Veracruz.

Methods: 528 sera from pregnant women were analyzed by ELISA and IFA assays for the detection of IgG antibodies against T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00197-zDOI Listing

Sarcocystosis in Ruminants of Iran, as Neglected Food-Borne Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 15. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Ferdows Paramedical School, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Purpose: Sarcocystis is a zoonotic parasitic pathogen which endangers the safety of meat and meat products. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the prevalence rate and status of Sarcocystis spp. in ruminants as important food sources in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00210-5DOI Listing

The Protective Role of Toll-Like Receptor Agonist Monophosphoryl Lipid A Against Vaccinated Murine Schistosomiasis.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, PO Box 9004, Abha, 61413, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: Schistosomiasis is a disease that afflicts over 220 million people worldwide. To date, there is no vaccine against schistosomiasis and chemotherapy relies basically on a single drug, praziquantel. The current study was undertaken to investigate the therapeutic effects of monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) as an adjuvant in soluble egg antigen (SEA)-vaccinated and Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00204-3DOI Listing
April 2020
0.965 Impact Factor

First Report of Obeliscoides cuniculi in the European Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Largo Paolo Braccini 2, 10095, Grugliasco (Torino), Italy.

Purpose: Obeliscoides cuniculi is a common parasite in American lagomorphs, while it has never been reported in the European rabbit. The exotic parasite has been introduced in Italy by the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus), an invasive alien lagomorph introduced to Europe for hunting purpose. Considering that S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00203-4DOI Listing

Protein Kinase Inhibitors Arrested the In-Vitro Growth of Theileria equi.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

ICAR-National Research Centre On Equines, Sirsa Road, Hisar, Haryana, 125 001, India.

Introduction: Theileria equi is an intra-erythrocytic apicomplexean protozoa that infect equines. Protein kinases (PK), key molecules of the apicomplexean life cycle, have been implicated as significant drug targets. The growth inhibitory efficacy of PK inhibitors against Theileria/Babesia animal parasites have not been documented so far. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00202-5DOI Listing
April 2020
0.965 Impact Factor

Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) Parasitizing Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Slovakia and New Data About Subgenus Pholeoixodes Occurrence.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 25. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Institute of Parasitology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Hlinkova, 3, 04001, Košice, Slovakia.

Background: Distribution and biology of Pholeoixodes ticks is not very well understood. The goal of the study was to collect new data on the Pholeoixodes tick occurrence in Slovakia.

Methods: Tick infestation of red foxes in the regions of Košice, Prešov, Bratislava and Žilina was studied during the period 2017-2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00184-4DOI Listing

Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in Dairy Cows in Southeastern Brazil: Seropositive Cows on All Farms Investigated.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Postgraduate Program in Veterinary Science, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors associated with the higher in-herd T. gondii seroprevalence in dairy cows in 37 farms in southern Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil.

Methods: Serum samples from 1,105 dairy cows were subjected to an indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT 1:64) for anti-T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-019-00140-xDOI Listing

Molecular Detection, Phylogenetic Analysis, and Genetic Diversity of Theileria annulata, Babesia bigemina, and Anaplasma marginale in Cattle in Three Districts of Egypt.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843-4467, USA.

Background: Under the poor hygienic conditions, tick-borne pathogens cause severe economic losses to the cattle industry.

Purpose: The current study investigated the presence of Theileria annulata, Babesia bigemina, and Anaplasma marginale, the most relevant tick-borne pathogens in cattle, in 3 provinces of Egypt utilizing species-specific PCR assays.

Methods: PCR was conducted, on bovine blood specimens, using primers targeting the T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00189-zDOI Listing

The Molecular Phylogeny of Pararhadinorhynchus magnus Ha, Amin, Ngo, Heckmann, 2018 (Acanthocephala: Rhadinorhynchidae) from Scatophagus argus (Linn.) (Scatophagidae) in Vietnam.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Molecular Taxonomy Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, U.P., 250004, India.

Purpose: The molecular profile of Pararhadinorhynchus magnus Ha, Amin, Ngo, Heckmann, 2018 described from Scatophagus argus (Linn.) off Haiphong in the Gulf of Tonkin, Pacific Ocean, Vietnam is provided for the first time. It was morphologically distinguished from the South Australian species, Pararhadinorhynchus mugilis Johnston and Edmonds, 1947 and Pararhadinorhynchus coorongensis Edmonds, 1973 from mullets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00191-5DOI Listing

A Case of Human Thelaziasis and Review of Chinese Cases.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 6. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, No. 100 Science Avenue, Zhengzhou, 450001, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Human cases of thelaziasis caused by Thelazia callipaeda have increased in China in recent years. Although this species is of medical importance, our knowledge about the epidemiology of thelaziasis is still fragmentary. This study first reports a case of thelaziasis in central China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00190-6DOI Listing

Zinc Supplementation: Immune Balance of Pregnancy During the Chronic Phase of the Chagas Disease.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Clinical Analysis, Toxicology and Food Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, 14040-903, Brazil.

Background: Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and is endemic of the Americas. The control of the disease is restricted to toxic and potentially teratogenic drugs, which limit the use during pregnancy. The use of food supplementation offers a safe and low-cost form to alleviate Chagas disease symptoms, mostly in areas with alimentary risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00188-0DOI Listing

Occurrence of Atypical and New Genotypes of Toxoplasma Gondii in Free-Range Chickens Intended for Human Consumption in Brazil.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Fazenda São Luis, s/n, Viçosa, AL, 57700-970, Brazil.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to detect and genotype T. gondii in free-range chickens destined to human consumption in Alagoas state, Brazil.

Methods: Two hundred blood samples were collected from free-range chickens and submitted to indirect immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00194-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7223798PMC

Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in a Red-Eared Slider Turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans), a Noted Invasive Alien Species, Captured in a Rural Aquatic Ecosystem in Eastern Poland.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Epicrates Foundation, ul. Orlika Ruckemana 12/30, 20-244, Lublin, Poland.

Purpose: Little is known about cryptosporidiosis in turtles of invasive alien species (IAS) inhabiting European bodies of fresh water. In this article, we report an occurrence of Cryptosporidium parvum in a red-eared slider turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) captured in a rural aquatic ecosystem in eastern Poland.

Methods: A pair of samples consisting of feces and scrapings of intestinal mucosa (taken during necropsy) were collected from 104 animals representing the four IAS turtle species red-eared slider, yellow-bellied slider, false map and Cumberland slider. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00180-8DOI Listing

Molecular Investigation of the Status of Ticks on Infected Cattle for Coxiella burnetii in India.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Division of Veterinary Public Health, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, 243122, India.

Purpose: In Indian subcontinent, the epidemiological studies on the status of ticks in the transmission of Coxiella burnetii have not been explored comprehensively. The objective of the present study was to investigate the status of ticks for C. burnetii among coxiellosis positive cattle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00192-4DOI Listing

Morphology and Molecular Characterization of Parabronema smithii (Cobbold, 1882) (Nematoda: Habronematidae) from Wild Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus) of Sri Lanka.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 3. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to carry out a detailed study of morphological features and to determine the phylogenetic position of Parabronema smithii (Cobbold, 1882) found in wild elephants in Sri Lanka.

Methods: Adult worms were collected from stomach ulcers at postmortem examination of wild elephants in the Udawalawe National Park, Sri Lanka. The detailed morphology of P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00193-3DOI Listing

A New Onchoproteocephalidean Cestode Species from the Spot-Tail Shark, Carcharhinus sorrah (Müller et Henle), in the Persian Gulf.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 3. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Guilan, P.O. Box 41335-1914, Rasht, 4193833697, Iran.

Introduction: Members of the onchoproteocephalidean genus Phoreiobothrium Linton, 1889 infect carcharhinid and sphyrnid sharks. Although the Persian Gulf harbors a rich fauna of sharks, the taxonomic diversity of Phoreiobothrium in this region has been explored little. A new species of Phoreiobothrium is herein described from Carcharhinus sorrah (Müller et Henle) off southern Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00187-1DOI Listing

Molecular Characterization of Giardia intestinalis Detected in Humans and Water Samples in Egypt.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

National Blood Transfusion Services, Ministry of Health, Damanhour, Egypt.

Background: Giardia intestinalis is a common cause of gastrointestinal illness especially in children of developing countries. Giardia assemblages A and B are the major human infective genotypes.

Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the role of water supply in the epidemiology of giardiasis via genotyping G. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00176-4DOI Listing

The Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Wild Boars from Three Voivodeships in Poland, MAT Analyses.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Fredry 10, 61-701, Poznan, Poland.

Purpose: The European wild boar (Sus scrofa) is a popular game animal species. Its meat, however, can represent a reservoir of dangerous foodborne diseases and can play an important role in the transmission of many pathogens, including Toxoplasma gondii, in humans and animals worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine the presence of antibodies to T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00185-3DOI Listing

A new species of Heterocotyle (Monogenea: Monocotylidae), a gill parasite of the diamond stingray Hypanus dipterurus (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from the Peruvian coastal zone.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ, CEP 23851-970, Brazil.

Introduction: A new monogenean, Heterocotyle margaritae n. sp. (Monocotylidae: Heterocotylinae), is described based on specimens collected from the gills of the diamond stingray, Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) captured off the South Pacific coast, Lima Region, Peru. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00183-5DOI Listing

A New Species of Eimeria Schneider, 1875 (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from Myotis riparius Handley, 1960 (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, with a Checklist of Eimeria spp. Reported from Bats.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Laboratory of the Biology and Parasitology of Wild Mammals, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Av. Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21040-360, Brazil.

Introduction: A new coccidian species of the genus Eimeria Schneider, 1875 (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae), is reported from the bat host Myotis riparius Handley from Ilha Grande, a large island off the coast of the State of Rio de Janeiro, in southeastern Brazil.

Methods: Bats were captured in 13 mist nets (10 × 3 m), which were set within the experimental plots, and through active searches of the daytime roosts of Molossus molossus Pallas found in Vila Dois Rios. Containment was made in bags for the collection of feces and identification of coccidia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00182-6DOI Listing

Molecular identification and subtypes distribution of Blastocystis sp. isolated from children and adolescent with cancer in Iran: evaluation of possible risk factors and clinical features.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the molecular characterization and subtype distribution of Blastocystis sp. isolated from cancer children and adolescents in Shiraz, Fars province, southwestern Iran.

Methods: Overall, 200 fecal samples obtained from cancer children and adolescents under 18 years old (107 males and 93 females) and checked by microscopy, culture, and molecular methods (PCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00186-2DOI Listing

Sequential Histopathological Changes and Cytokine Expressions in Dogs Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei Mites.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Feb 25. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: The diagnosis and treatment of canine scabies remain quite challenging as a result of the meddling of the invertebrate mite Sarcoptes scabiei var canis with the immunologic activity of its host.

Purpose: This study aims to evaluate and better understand the immunologic, histomorphometric, histopathologic changes as well as their relationship in scabies infestation.

Method: Ten healthy dogs were housed with five sarcoptes-ridden dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00181-7DOI Listing
February 2020

New Records of Ticks of Genus Amblyomma Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) for Ecuador.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Feb 19. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Unidad de Entomología Aplicada, Instituto de Investigación en Zoonosis (CIZ), Universidad Central del Ecuador, Hospital del Día Building, Third Floor, Jerónimo Leiton and Gatto Sobral Streets, Quito, Ecuador.

Purpose: In Ecuador, knowledge of the diversity and geographic distribution of ticks, as well as their importance as vectors, is scarce. Within the family Ixodidae, the genus Amblyomma is the most diverse and parasitizes wild and domestic animals. This genus is represented by 19 species in Ecuador, 12 of which occur in the continental territory and 7 in the Galapagos Islands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00173-7DOI Listing
February 2020

Molecular Survey and Genetic Diversity of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in Cattle in Gansu Province, China.

Acta Parasitol 2020 Feb 19. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xujiaping 1, Lanzhou, 730046, Gansu, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. are tick-borne pathogens of livestock globally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00179-1DOI Listing
February 2020