1,241 results match your criteria Acta Parasitologica[Journal]


Branchiopodataenia bazaletica sp. n., a Parasite of the Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) from Georgia.

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Ilia State University, Institute of Zoology, 3/5, Kakutsa Cholokashvili Avenue, 0162, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Introduction: Branchiopodataenia bazaletica sp. n. (Cestoda, Cyclophyllidea) is described from the black tern, Chlidonias niger L. Read More

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Exploring the Association Between Latent Toxoplasma gondii Infection and COVID-19 in Hospitalized Patients: First Registry-Based Study.

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Communicable Diseases Institute, Iranian National Registry Center for Lophomoniasis and Toxoplasmosis, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 48471-91971, Sari, Iran.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the possible association between Toxoplasma gondii infection and COVID-19 outcomes among 133 patients with an RT-PCR-positive test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), hospitalized at Imam Khomeini Hospital, Sari, Mazandaran Province, northern Iran, during August to November 2020.

Methods: A questionnaire was used to collect baseline data from the patients who were registered to the Iranian National Registry Center for Toxoplasmosis (INRCT). Also, blood samples were taken from each patient for detecting anti-T. Read More

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First Epidemiological Report on the Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Cryptosporidium spp. in Farmed Marine and Wild Freshwater Fish in Central and Eastern of Algeria.

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Laboratory of Molecular and Evolutionary Parasitology, RAPID Group, School of Biosciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK.

Purpose: The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in six different fish species both from marine and freshwater environments.

Methods: During a period of 2 years (2018-2020), a total of 415 fecal samples and 565 intestinal scrapings were collected in seven provinces from the central and eastern Algeria. Read More

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The First Isospora Species (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) Described from the Northern Yellow-Shafted Flicker (Colaptes auratus luteus) in Ontario, Canada.

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.

Purpose: Members of the genus Isospora commonly infect a wide variety of wild birds. By combining morphometric and genetic data, we are able to differentiate and describe a new apicomplexan parasite, Isospora picoflavae n. sp. Read More

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Association Between Giardia Genotype and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers Among Giardia-Infected Children: A Case-Control Study.

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.

Purpose: Giardia duodenalis is the most common worldwide intestinal protozoal infection. The implication of free radicals in organ injury occurs through oxidative stress. Infections as Giardia may act as a triggering or promoting factor for oxidative stress, particularly in children with compromised immunity. Read More

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Presence of Anti-T. cruzi Antibodies in Inhabitants and Dogs of Two Rural Settlements in the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico.

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

LADISER Inmunología y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Orizaba, Veracruz, México.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with house infestation by Triatoma dimidiata as well as with Trypanosoma cruzi infection in humans and owned dogs in two rural communities from the municipality of Catemaco, Veracruz, Mexico.

Methods: One hundred and 16 human blood samples and 34 dog blood samples were collected. The presence of anti-T. Read More

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Adolescent Scalp Dermatitis Associated with Dermatophagoides spp. (Acariformes; Pyroglyphidae) Mite.

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy.

Purpose: Dermatophagoides spp. (Acariformes; Pyroglyphidae), house dust-mite well known as the causative agent of atopic hypersensitivity and allergy could potentially cause severe dermatitis. Herein we report an uncommon case of scalp dermatitis associated with the presence of Dermatophagoides spp. Read More

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First Report of Alveolar Hydatid Disease (Echinococcus multilocularis) in a Golden Jackal (Canis aureus).

Acta Parasitol 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Oslobođenja 18, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Alveolar hydatid disease caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis is a parasitic disease present in the northern hemisphere. Echinococcus multilocularis is a parasite of canid and felid carnivores as definitive hosts, and small mammals, particularly rodents as intermediate hosts. Other animal species and humans can be aberrant intermediate hosts for this parasite. Read More

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Morphological and Molecular Description of Immature Southwellina hispida (Van Cleave, 1925) Witenberg, 1932 (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) from the Body Cavity of the Paratenic Host Gillichthys mirabilis Cooper (Gobiidae) in California, with Analyses of the Chemical Composition of Hooks and Spines.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 27. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Molecular Taxonomy Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, 250004, India.

Purpose: Immature Southwellina hispida (Van Cleave, 1925) Witenberg, 1932 from the body cavity of the paratenic host Gillichthys mirabilis Cooper (Gobiidae) in California are described.

Methods: New Scanning Electron images and features of micropores, hook and spine Gallium cut sections and chemistry using Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA), and molecular profile are provided for the first time. The 18S rDNA and mt Cox1 sequences were performed for molecular and phylogenetic study. Read More

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A New Species of Hatschekiid Copepod (Crustacea: Hatschekiidae) Parasitic on the Porkfish Anisotremus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Actinopterygii: Haemulidae), with Notes on Previously Known Species of Hatschekia Poche, 1902 Collected from Actinopterygians off Brazil.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 27. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ, 23897-000, Brazil.

Introduction: Copepods of the genus Hatschekia Poche, 1902 are parasitic on the gills of marine actinopterygians. Currently, about 151 species of this genus have been reported in marine ecosystems and only few occur in South Atlantic Ocean.

Methods: Fifty specimens of A. Read More

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Trypanosoma brucei brucei Induced Hypoglycaemia Depletes Hepatic Glycogen and Altered Hepatic Hexokinase and Glucokinase Activities in Infected Mice.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 27. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.

Purpose: Little progress has been made in understanding the effect of Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection that was allowed to run its course without treatment on human and animal carbohydrate metabolism even though most of the symptoms associated with the disease can be clearly linked with interference with host energy generation. The present study therefore assessed the course of untreated Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection on hepatic glycogen, hepatic hexokinase and glucokinase activities.

Methods: Mice were grouped into two: control and infected group. Read More

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Correction to: The Role of Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 and 2 in Echinococcus granulosus senso lato-Induced Human Hepatic Fibrosis.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 26. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

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Molecular Detection and Differentiation of Different Theileria Species in Naturally Infected Goats Using Nested PCR-RFLP: A First Report from Northern India.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 20. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Referral Veterinary Diagnostic and Extension Centre, LUVAS, Uchani, Karnal, Haryana, 132001, India.

Purpose: Theileriosis is an economically important tick-borne pathogen with a serious impact on livestock health and productivity. Despite the fact that bovine theileriosis has been widely investigated, there exists a paucity of information on these infections in small ruminants, especially in India. The present study was carried out to detect and differentiate different Theileria spp. Read More

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Descriptions of Three New Species and New Host or Distribution Records of Five Species of the Genus Kudoa (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Multivalvulida) in Commercial Fishes Collected from South China Sea.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 16. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Laboratory of Parasitology, Joint Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi, 753-8515, Japan.

Purpose: Myxosporeans of the genera Kudoa and Unicapsula (Cnidaria: Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Multivalvulida) may be causative agents of diseases that substantially lower the commercial value of certain marine fishes; thus, species identification is important to effectively manage outbreaks and control infections.

Methods And Results: Our investigations of commercial fishes in the families Leiognathidae (three species), Ambassidae (one), Carangidae (five) and Gerreidae (one) in the South China Sea revealed new host records for Kudoa lutjanus (Ambassis martanus, and Gerres limbattus), Kudoa trachuri (Decapterus maruadsi, and Decapterus macrosoma), Kudoa uncinata (Photopectoralis bindus), and Kudoa longichorda (D. macrosoma) and new geographical distribution records for Kudoa javanensis (Alepes djedaba), K. Read More

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Comparative Studies on The Efficiency of Neem Leaves Azadirachta indica and Flubendazole Treatment Against Diplectanum in Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 15. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Laboratory of Fish Diseases, Aquaculture Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, NIOF, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: Diplectanum is a life-threatening metazoan infecting the gills of Sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax causing a wide-ranging extensive economic loss in the aquaculture sector. This study has focused on verifying the most effective non-toxic dose of the Neem (Azadirachta indica) and (flubendazole) bath treatment on infested D. labrax fingerlings. Read More

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Kudoa rousseauxii n. sp. (Cnidaria: Multivalvulida) Infects the Skeletal Muscles of the Freshwater Fish Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii in the Amazon River.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 14. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Laboratório de Tecnologia Biomolecular, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, PA, Brazil.

Purpose: Members of the genus Kudoa Meglitsch, 1947 are known to infect the muscles of commercially important fishes worldwide, including those in the order Siluriformes. This paper describes the occurrence of a new species of Kudoa in the catfish Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii based on morphological study and molecular analysis of the ribosomal RNA gene (SSU rDNA).

Methods: Fifteen specimens of Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii were purchased from fishing zones near Mosqueiro Island, Belém, Pará, Brazil. Read More

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Prevalence of Amoebiasis and Associated Complications in India: A Systematic Review.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 11. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Microbiology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, Punjab, 151401, India.

Purpose: Intestinal protozoan parasites are responsible for diarrheal diseases causing significant morbidity and mortality. Entamoeba histolytica is the principle protozoan parasite associated with diarrheal infections. The infection is often associated with inaccessibility to clean drinking water and poor sanitary conditions in low- and middle-income countries including India. Read More

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The Spraguea Parasitism in Anglerfishes of the Genus Lophius.

Authors:
Earl Weidner

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 8. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Department of Biology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA.

Purpose: To follow the development of the microsporidian Spraguea americanus within the nervous tissue of Lophius. An attempt to determine when and how the infection begins.

Methods: Acquiring different age groups of Lophius and recovering the infected sites, particularly the supramedullary neuron fibers and preparing them for microscopy. Read More

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First Molecular Identification of Ancylostoma Species in Dogs in a Rural Tea Estate Community in Sri Lanka and the Detection of Other Zoonotic Gastro-intestinal Parasites.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 6. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Purpose: Ancylostoma spp. causing canine hookworm infections are distributed worldwide with a high prevalence in the South Asian region. Here, we report the first molecular identification of the canine hookworm infecting the dogs in Sri Lanka. Read More

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Invasive Alien Slug Arion vulgaris Moquin-Tandon, 1855 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae) in Moscow Parks and Its Co-introduced Parasite Alloionema appendiculatum Schneider, 1859.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 6. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Centre of Parasitology, A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Science, Leninskii prospect 33, 119071, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: The present study investigates the origin of Arion vulgaris slugs in the parks of Moscow city and their parasites.

Methods: Snails and slugs inhabiting green areas of Moscow city were collected in the summer season of 2020 and examined on the presence of gastropod-associated nematodes and trematodes using morphological and molecular methods.

Results: The presence of the alien slug species, Arion vulgaris, was recorded in several locations, and the mitochondrial gene-based analysis has shown that slug populations inhabited Moscow parks originated from West and Central Europe. Read More

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Blood Meal Analysis and Molecular Detection of Leishmania DNA in Wild-Caught Sand Flies in Leishmaniasis Endemic Areas of Turkey and Northern Cyprus.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 6. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) are known as the vector of diseases such as leishmaniasis, bartonellosis and viral diseases. The aim of this study is to detect the host feeding pattern of sand flies in the endemic areas for leishmaniasis in Turkey (Antalya, Kayseri) and Northern Cyprus (TRNC) as well as the presence of Leishmania DNA in the specimens.

Methods: One-hundred seventy-six blood-fed sand fly specimens were examined for blood meal analysis. Read More

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Human Dirofilariasis Caused by Dirofilaria repens in Sri Lanka from 1962 to 2020.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Purpose: Sri Lanka has reported the highest prevalence of human dirofilariasis cases in Asia. Thus far, Dirofilaria repens is the only reported Dirofilaria species that affect humans, dogs, and cats in Sri Lanka. Therefore, this systematic review was carried out to analyse the studies performed on dirofilariasis in Sri Lanka. Read More

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First Report of Eimeria callospermophili and Eimeria vilasi in the Gray-Collared Chipmunk (Neotamias cinereicollis) from North Central Arizona, USA.

Authors:
John A Hnida

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, 85308, USA.

Purpose: There is scant information on the coccidia of the gray-collared chipmunk (Neotamias cinereicollis). In this work, two species of Eimeria (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) infecting gray-collared chipmunks were identified.

Methods: Twenty-seven gray-collared chipmunks were captured and released at Pivot Rock Canyon, Arizona, USA and their feces were examined for coccidia. Read More

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Aflagellar Epimastigote of Trypanosoma caninum: Biological and Ultrastructural Study of this Atypical Evolutionary Form.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Trypanosomatid Biology Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Purpose: Trypanosoma caninum exhibits atypical epimastigote forms under axenic conditions. This study aimed to analyze this evolutionary form under different cultivation conditions and provide more information about this evolutionary form.

Methods: We selected a T. Read More

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Aurothiomalate-Based Drugs as Potentially Novel Agents Against Leishmania major: A Mini Review.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Communicable Diseases Institute, Iranian National Registry Center for Lophomoniasis and Toxoplasmosis, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Farah Abad, 48471-91971, Sari, Iran.

Purpose: Leishmaniasis is a major public health problem worldwide in many parts of the world. Current anti-leishmanial drugs have only limited clinical efficacy. Aurothiomalate derivatives are useful for treating rheumatoid arthritis, but have emerged as a promising therapeutic candidate for leishmaniasis. Read More

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Is Immuno-PCR Better than ELISA Test for Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG Antibody?

Acta Parasitol 2022 Mar 24. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Introduction: IgG antibodies against T. gondii persist for years, and can act as a reliable serological biomarker for the diagnosis of previous exposure to this parasite. Hence, the current investigation was designed to compare diagnostic power of immuno-polymerase chain reaction (iPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods for detection of T. Read More

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Bat-Infesting Chiggers (Trombiculidae) in Indonesia: Current Review, Distribution, and Hosts with Three New Records and their Morphometric Data.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Mar 24. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

, Tusarova 1384/25, 170 00, Praha 7, Czech Republic.

Purpose: Even though the taxonomy of bat-infesting chiggers has been studied extensively, information about the distribution and morphological variability of many species is still lacking. In fact, the only available distribution records for several species are their type localities. The purpose of this paper is to broaden the knowledge of the Indonesian group. Read More

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Acaricidal Efficacy of Biosynthesized Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Against Hyalomma dromedarii (Acari: Ixodidae) and Their Toxic Effects on Swiss Albino Mice.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Mar 22. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Purpose: The current study aimed to investigate the efficacy of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) synthesized by Melia azedarach aqueous extract to control Hyalomma dromedarii tick, and to evaluate their toxic effects on Swiss albino mice.

Methods: ZnO NPs were synthesized using M. azedarach aqueous extract. Read More

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A Survey on Native and Invasive Mosquitoes and Other Biting Dipterans in Northern Spain.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Mar 17. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Center for Rickettsioses and Arthropod-Borne Diseases, Hospital Universitario San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain.

Purpose: Haematophagous Diptera, such as mosquitoes (Culicidae), biting midges (Ceratopogonidae), and black flies (Simuliidae), are important insects for public and animal health due to their capacity to bite and transmit pathogens. Outdoor recreation areas are usually affected by biting species and provide suitable habitats to both adult and immature stages. This study aimed to determine the species diversity and larval sites of these Diptera groups in two golf courses. Read More

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