Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    12181 results match your criteria Acta Paediatrica[Journal]

    1 OF 244

    Children with cow's milk allergy following an elimination diet had normal growth but relatively low plasma leptin at age two.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Department of Child Healthcare, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
    Aim: To assess nutrient intake, growth and nutritional status of infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA) who follow a therapeutic elimination diet since the first few months of life.

    Methods: Sixty infants younger than 4 months of age with challenge-proven CMA and 60 healthy age-matched children were investigated. Anthropometric and body composition (BC) were assessed up to 24 months. Read More

    Children living in the slums of Bangladesh face risks from unsafe food and water and stunted growth is common.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Nutrition and Clinical Services Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Aim: This study investigated the microbial quality of food and water consumed by children in four slums in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, together with the associated risk factors.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study took place from December 2015 to May 2016 and focused on 360 children under the age of five. We recorded household food security, namely adequate food for a healthy life, socio-economic and nutritional status, hygiene and feeding practices. Read More

    Comparison of three dehydration scales showed that they were of limited or no value for assessing small children with acute diarrhoea.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Department of Paediatrics, The Medical University of Warsaw.
    Aim: We explored the diagnostic accuracy of the Clinical Dehydration Scale (CDS), the World Health Organization (WHO) scale and the Gorelick scale for assessing dehydration in children admitted to a Tanzanian referral hospital.

    Methods: This was a prospective, observational study, carried out from April 2015 to January 2017 on children aged one month to five years admitted to the hospital with acute diarrhoea lasting less than five days. Before rehydration therapy, each patient's weight was recorded and the degree of dehydration was assessed based on the three scales. Read More

    Younger age and in situ duration of peripheral intravenous catheters were risk factors for extravasation in a retrospective paediatric study.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Pharmacy Service.
    Aim: Epidemiological data on the incidence and risk factors of extravasation of peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVC) in neonates and children are scarce and that is what this study explored.

    Methods: This was a one-year retrospective study of all neonates and paediatric intensive care patients with at least one recorded PIVC at the Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland, in 2013. The extravasation rate was determined for all patients, including neonates below 28 days, and for all PIVCs. Read More

    Response to queries on the use of urine dipstick tests for infants with unexplained fever.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    We would like to thank Dr Panghal et al (1) for their insightful comments on our paper on how urine dipsticks can aid decision-making when treating infants with unexplained fever (2). The applicability of the study may have been affected by our inclusion criteria, namely patients at high risk for invasive bacterial infection, and that limitation is assessed and justified in the paper (2). This selection bias avoided the ethical dilemma of performing invasive tests for urine collection on healthy young patients. Read More

    One-year longtudinal study found a bidirectional relationship between physical activity and sleep disturbance in teenage Estonian girls.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 18. Epub 2018 Feb 18.
    Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Aim: Studies have shown that physical activity declines during adolescence, especially among girls. We examined the relationship between changes in physical activity and sleep disturbance over the school year, including any bidirectional relationship between these two factors.

    Methods: This longitudinal study focused on teenage girls who had a mean age of 13. Read More

    It is important not to assume an aetiology for the triad before the outcomes of diagnostic investigations.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 16. Epub 2018 Feb 16.
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Forensic Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    We did not diagnose eight cases with AHT. They were diagnosed by the forensic pathologists who performed the post mortems. Considering that most cases had risk factors for subdural haematoma, such as prematurity, trauma from alleged falls or disease, we argue that some of the cases may have other explanations than AHT for the findings that led to the AHT diagnoses. Read More

    Extended physical education in children aged 6-15 years was associated with improved academic achievement in boys.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 16. Epub 2018 Feb 16.
    Department of Orthopedics and Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Aim: Physical activity (PA) has been associated with enhanced cognition, brain development and concentration. This study evaluated if increased physical education (PE) improved academic achievement.

    Methods: We recruited 304 children (55% boys) from a Swedish school in Skane county in 1998-2002 when they were 6-7 years of age and followed them through all nine mandatory school years. Read More

    European guidance on paediatric use of probiotics states that benefits are limited to several conditions and urges caution with specific vulnerable groups.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 15. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Children's Hospital Zagreb University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Aim: The use of probiotics has been covered by many guidelines, position papers and evidence-based recommendations, but few have referred to specific patient groups or clinical indications. This European study summarises recommendations and scientifically credited guidelines on the use of probiotics for children and provides practice points.

    Methods: An expert panel was convened by the European Paediatric Association in June 2017 to define the relevant clinical questions for using probiotics in paediatric healthcare and review and summarise the guidelines, recommendations, position papers and high-quality evidence. Read More

    Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids decline rapidly in milk from mothers delivering extremely preterm indicating the need for supplementation.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Section for Ophthalmology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Aim: Our aim was perform an in-depth analysis of the composition of fatty acids in milk from mothers delivering extremely preterm babies. We investigated longitudinal changes in milk fatty acid profiles and the relationship between several types of fatty acids, including omega-3 and omega-6.

    Methods: Milk samples were collected at three stages of lactation from 78 mothers who delivered at less than 28 weeks of pregnancy at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden, from April 2013 to September 2015. Read More

    Transcutaneous bilirubinometry should be carried out in newborn infants at least seven hours after phototherapy finishes.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 12. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kecioren Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Bilirubin rebound, which is a reincrease in serum bilirubin levels after the cessation of phototherapy, may develop due to variations in the rates of bilirubin production and clearance. The most commonly used method for testing bilirubin rebound is measuring total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels, because transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) gives false negative results in newborn infants receiving phototherapy or when phototherapy has just finished. However, TcB is a more preferable method, because TSB is invasive and time consuming. Read More

    Recent gestational diabetes was associated with mothers stopping predominant breastfeeding earlier in a multi-ethnic population.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 12. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    General Practice Research Unit (AFE), Department of General Practice, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Aim: It has previously been shown that breastfeeding may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in mothers with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study compared the cessation of predominant breastfeeding in mothers with and without recent GDM in a multi-ethnic population.

    Methods: From May 2008 to May 2010, healthy pregnant women attending antenatal care provided by community health services in Eastern Oslo, Norway, were recruited. Read More

    Patterns of use of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in neonatal intensive care units: international usage survey.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 11. Epub 2018 Feb 11.
    Department of Newborn Care, Royal Hospital for Women, Randwick, NSW, Australia.
    Aim: To assess uptake and applications of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) by neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

    Methods: A pre-piloted online questionnaire was distributed in May 2015 to 12 perinatal societies in Asia, Europe, Australasia, North America, and Middle East for dissemination to NICUs. Questions surveyed demographics, NIRS research/clinical applications, usage frequency, training approaches, and target infant populations. Read More

    Observational study shows that it is feasible to provide neuroprotective treatment for neonatal encephalopathy in low-income countries.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Neurophyxia BV, 's Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands.
    Aim: Perinatal asphyxia is one of the most frequent causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide and 96% of the burden of neonatal encephalopathy occurs in low-income countries. This study investigated the feasibility of providing neuroprotective treatment for neonatal encephalopathy in low-income countries.

    Methods: Neonates with a gestational age of at least 36 weeks, with signs of perinatal asphyxia, were included in this 2015 observational study in three hospitals in Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Read More

    A realistic evaluation approach highlighted the success factors and difficulties of an innovative and comprehensive malnutrition programme in Madagascar.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Institute of Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Aim: Malnutrition has multiple causes, not just a lack of calories. We explored the successes and barriers of an innovative, comprehensive programme in Madagascar that educated mothers in particular about nutrition.

    Methods: The outpatient programme in Antananarivo treats 2,400 malnourished children from 6-59 months each year. Read More

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement in paediatric Crohn's disease patients contributes to both improved nutrition and growth.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Paediatric Gastroenterology Department, The Royal Hospital for Children, 1345 Govan Rd, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
    Aim: This paper describes the outcomes of gastrostomy feeding in patients with Crohn's disease (CD).

    Methods: Patients with CD who attended the Royal Hospital for Children, Glasgow, and received gastrostomy feeding for at least two years between 2003-2010, were identified from the clinical database. The data recorded included the anthropometric data, CD phenotype, the surgical technique that was used, complications, medication, feed type, median feed, calories, volume and clinical outcomes. Read More

    Review shows that maternal obesity induces serious adverse neonatal effects and is associated with childhood obesity in their offspring.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    UMR BDR, INRA, ENVA, Université Paris Saclay, 78350, Jouy en Josas, France.
    Aim: Obesity at the start of pregnancy has been rising worldwide, increasing the risk of maternal complications. We reviewed the independent effects of maternal obesity during pregnancy on neonatal adverse outcomes and the risk of childhood obesity and adverse cardio-metabolic profiles.

    Methods: We searched MEDLINE for papers published in English between December 2007 and November 2017, focusing primarily on human studies published in the last five years. Read More

    Survey highlights important discrepancies between definitions of paediatric abnormal growth taught to medical students in 23 European countries.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Inserm, UMR1153 Epidemiology and Biostatistics Sorbonne Paris Cité Center (CRESS), Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team (EPOPé), Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.
    Aim: This study compared the definitions of abnormal growth that are taught across Europe to explain previously reported variations in growth-monitoring practices.

    Methods: We developed two online surveys in 2016 to obtain the definitions of abnormal growth in European countries and approached the national chairs of the European Confederation of Primary Care Paediatricians in 18 countries and the International Federation of Medical Students' Associations in 33 countries.

    Results: We obtained definitions from 10/18 paediatricians and 18/33 students, covering 23 of the 33 European countries surveyed. Read More

    Why do children with severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia not attend neonatal follow-up care? Parental views of barriers.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Aim: To assess in children with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia at a corrected age of 18-36 months: 1)Neonatal follow-up clinic attendance rates; 2)Parent-identified reasons for difficulty attending neonatal follow-up.

    Methods: Mixed methods study utilizing semi-structured phone interviews with parents of infants eligible for follow-up with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (defined as gestational age <32 weeks and requiring ≥30% FiO2 and/or > two liters nasal cannula at 36 weeks postmenstrual age) at 18-36 months corrected age. Questions addressed barriers to neonatal follow-up attendance. Read More

    Observational study found that even small variations in light can wake up very preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives et Adaptatives, UMR 7364, CNRS /, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
    Aim: This prospective observational study evaluated the behavioural responses of very preterm infants to spontaneous light variations.

    Methods: We measured spontaneous light variations in the incubators of 27 very preterm infants, with a median gestational age of 28 weeks (range 26-31 weeks), over 10 hours. All of them had been admitted to the neonatal care unit of the Strasbourg University Hospital, France, between April 2008 and July 2009. Read More

    Review concludes that specific recommendations are needed to harmonise the provision of fresh mother's milk to their preterm infants.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    Neonatal unit, Paul Sabatier University, F-31400 Toulouse, F-69004, Toulouse, France.
    Aim: There are no specific recommendations for using a mother's fresh milk for her preterm infant. We reviewed the available evidence on its collection, storage and administration.

    Methods: The working group of the French Neonatal Society on fresh human milk use in preterm infants searched the MEDLINE database and Cochrane Library up to June 2017 for papers published in English or French. Read More

    Nutritional therapy complications in children with ultra-short bowel syndrome include growth deficiency but not cholestasis.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Department of Biochemistry, Radioimmunology and Experimental Medicine, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Al. Dzieci Polskich 20, 04-730, Warsaw, Poland.
    Aim: Children with ultra-short bowel syndrome (USBS) have not been extensively studied to date because the condition is rare. The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status of children with USBS receiving home parenteral nutrition, by using citrulline serum concentration and cholestasis.

    Methods: We studied 17 patients with USBS, with a median age of 6. Read More

    The role of breastfeeding in the association between maternal and infant cortisol attunement in the first postpartum year.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Women's Health Concerns Clinic, St. Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
    Aim: To explore the role of breastfeeding as a possible link between maternal and infant cortisol attunement across the first postpartum year.

    Methods: Mothers (n=93) provided salivary samples for cortisol levels over a two-day period during mid-pregnancy and at three, six, and 12 months and infants at six and 12 months postpartum. Breastfeeding status was established at these same time points. Read More

    Using anaerobic blood cultures for infants younger than 90 days rarely showed anaerobic infections but increased yields of bacterial growth.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Department of Neonatology, Hadassah and The Hebrew University Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Aim: The use of anaerobic blood cultures in infants suspected of bacteraemia is controversial. Our children's hospital uses both aerobic and anaerobic media, regardless of the risk of anaerobic infection, and the aim of this study was to re-evaluate the use of anaerobic cultures in infants.

    Methods: We collected retrospective data from 2002 to 2016 on all blood cultures taken from infants younger than 90 days in the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel. Read More

    Do substantial BMI reduction episodes among Swedish schoolchildren have any impact on their final height?
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts and Meal Sciences, Örebro University, Campus Grythyttan, Sweden.
    Aim: This study investigated whether substantial body mass index (BMI) reductions in Swedish schoolchildren aged 7-19 years, caused by disease, healthy or unhealthy behaviour, had any impact on their final height.

    Methods: We used height and weight data on 6,572 subjects from two nationally representative longitudinal samples of Swedish children born in 1973 and 1981. These provided information on their final height and any BMI reduction episodes. Read More

    Proactive telephone support provided to breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants after discharge: a randomised controlled trial.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Aim: The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of proactive telephone support provided to breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants after discharge from neonatal intensive care units (NICU).

    Methods: Between March 2013 and December 2015, a randomised controlled trial was conducted at six NICUs across Sweden. At each NICU, a breastfeeding support team recruited, randomised and delivered the support to participating mothers. Read More

    Spanish population-study shows that healthy late preterm infants had worse outcomes one year after discharge than term-born infants.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Fundación Instituto para la Mejora de la Asistencia Sanitaria (IMAS), Madrid.
    Aim: This study assessed the risks associated with healthy late preterm infants and healthy term-born infants using national hospital discharge records.

    Method: We used the minimum basic data set of the Spanish hospital discharge records database for 2012 to 2013 to analyse the hospitalisation of newborn infants. The outcomes were in-hospital mortality and hospital re-admissions at 30 days and one year after their first discharge. Read More

    Retrospective observational study indicates that the paediatric assessment triangle may suggest the severity of Kawasaki disease.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Clinical Research Support Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.
    Aim: We examined whether the paediatric assessment triangle (PAT) could predict the severity of Kawasaki disease.

    Methods: We enroled patients diagnosed with Kawasaki disease between July 2012 and June 2016 at the emergency department of Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center in Tokyo, Japan. Triage nurses assigned participants to unstable or stable PAT groups. Read More

    Randomised controlled trial of diazoxide for small for gestational age neonates with hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia provided early hypoglycaemic control without adverse effects.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Neonatal unit, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, 160012, India.
    Aim: Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (HH) is a very common cause of hypoglycaemia in small for gestational age (SGA) neonates. We compared using early oral diazoxide or a placebo for this patient group.

    Methods: This was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that focused on SGA neonates born at at least 32 weeks of gestation with HH during the first five days of life. Read More

    Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein may help to detect invasive bacterial infections in children who have fever without source.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Pediatrics Emergency Department, University Hospital Nantes, Nantes, France.
    Aim: This study evaluated the epidemiology and performance of biomarkers for identifying bacterial infections in children who presented with fever without source.

    Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study in the paediatric department at the University Hospital of Nantes, France, in 2016. Children older than six days and younger than five years of age were included. Read More

    Body length and occipitofrontal circumference may be good indicators of neurodevelopment in very low birth weight infants - secondary publication.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
    Aim: The aim of this study was to predict the neurological prognosis of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We examined the relationship between nutritional status, brain volume measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and anthropometric measurements of VLBW infants at term-equivalent age (TEA).

    Methods: We evaluated 27 VLBW infants, born at Showa University Hospital in Japan between April 2012 and August 2013, who underwent brain MRI at TEA. Read More

    The distress thermometer provides a simple screening tool for selecting distressed childhood cancer survivors.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Paediatric Oncology/Haematology, Erasmus MC University-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Aim: We investigated the value of the distress thermometer, a one-item screening tool, in childhood cancer survivors.

    Methods: The participants were 286 childhood cancer survivors who visited an outpatient clinic at Erasmus MC University-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands for the first time from 2001-2008 and completed the distress thermometer and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Higher scores reflected more distress. Read More

    Exploratory study found that pacifier use did not affect feeding performance in full-term newborn infants but it was related to lower socioeconomic status.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis MO, St., Louis Children's Hospital St. Louis, MO.
    Aim: Mothers are often advised not to use pacifiers until breastfeeding has been well-established. This study determined the infant and social factors that were related to pacifier use during the first few days of life and whether it led to alterations in feeding performance.

    Methods: We enrolled 42 full-term infants and their mothers at Barnes-Jewish Hospital in urban St Louis, USA, in 2015. Read More

    National data showed that delayed sleep in six-year-old children was associated with excessive use of electronic devices at 12 years.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Nursing, Okayama Prefectural University Graduate School of Health and Welfare Science, Okayama, Japan.
    Aim: Cross-sectional studies have shown associations between adolescent sleep problems and the use of electronic devices, such as mobile phones, but longitudinal studies remain scarce. We explored any association between delayed bedtimes at six years old and the excessive use of electronic devices at 12 years of age. Texting was a prime focus. Read More

    Prenatal phthalate exposure was associated with croup in Swedish infants.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Aim: This study examined whether prenatal phthalate exposure was associated with lower or upper airway inflammation in infants.

    Methods: From 2007 to 2010, we used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, adjusted for creatinine, to analyse 14 phthalate metabolites and one phthalate replacement in the urine of 1062 Swedish mothers at a median of 10 weeks of pregnancy. This was used to determine any associations between prenatal phthalate exposure and croup, wheezing or otitis in their offspring until 12 months of age, using logistic regression, adjusted for potential confounders. Read More

    Limited association between markers of stress during pregnancy and fetal growth in 'Born into Life', a new prospective birth cohort.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Aims: We aimed to investigate the associations between perceived maternal stress or salivary cortisol levels during pregnancy and birthweight.

    Methods: In 2010-2012, we recruited 92 women living in Stockholm, Sweden, and followed them from before conception and through pregnancy and childbirth. Their Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) scores and salivary cortisol levels were collected at 26-28 gestational weeks. Read More

    The preterm infant stomach actively degrades milk proteins with increasing breakdown across digestion time.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Nutrition Program, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.
    Aim: This study investigated the effect of time post-ingestion on gastric digestion and gastric hormones after feeding preterm infants unfortified and fortified human milk.

    Methods: Human milk and infant gastric samples were collected from 14 preterm (23-32 weeks birth gestational age) mother-infant pairs within 7-98 days postnatal age. Gastric samples were collected one, two and three hours after beginning of feeding. Read More

    What does the world think of ankyloglossia?
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    School of Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW, Australia.
    Aim: The diagnosis of tongue-tie (or ankyloglossia) has increased more than 10-fold in some countries. Whether this is a global phenomenon or related to cultural and professional differences is uncertain.

    Methods: An online survey in English, Japanese, Chinese and Spanish was disseminated between May and November 2016 via 27 international professional bodies to >30 clinical professions chosen a priori to represent occupations involved in the management of neonatal ankyloglossia. Read More

    Prescriptive birthweight charts can improve the prediction of adverse outcomes in very preterm infants who are small for gestational age.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Amalia Children's Hospital, Department of Neonatology, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Aim: We compared three anthropometric charts to determine which provided the best predictions for adverse outcomes in very preterm small for gestational age (SGA) infants to address a lack of consensus on this subject.

    Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of infants born below 32 weeks, who were admitted to two-level three neonatal intensive care units in The Netherlands from 2008 to 2013. The birthweights of 1720 infants were classified as SGA using a conventional, gender-specific birthweight chart, based on births in The Netherlands between 2000 and 2007, a prescriptive, gender-specific birthweight chart, based on the same data but without risk factors for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and a non-gender-specific foetal weight chart derived from American ultrasonographic measurements. Read More

    Cross-sectional study of randomly selected 18-year-old students showed that body mass index was only associated with sleep duration in girls.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    University of Iceland, School of Education, Center for Sport- and Health Sciences.
    Aim: This study investigated the associations, by sex, between sleep and adiposity, dietary habits, cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic risk in 18-year-old students.

    Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study of 199 randomly chosen, healthy 18-year-old students (53% girls) in Iceland's capital region. The data collection took place in the winter months of 2012 to 2015. Read More

    Tactile stimulation during neonatal transition and its effect on vital parameters in neonates during neonatal transition.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
    Aim: This study analysed tactile stimulation during neonatal transition and resuscitation in preterm and term neonates born by Caesarean delivery. It examined the frequency, location and body region, duration and possible effects of stimulation on heart rate and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO).

    Methods: Two independent investigators analysed video recordings of tactile stimulation on term and preterm neonates during neonatal transition from January 2012 to December 2014. Read More

    High-fibre enteral feeding results in improved anthropometrics and favourable gastrointestinal tolerance in malnourished children with growth failure.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Abbott Laboratories, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Aim: The practical value of using fibre-enriched enteral feeding regimens to rehabilitate malnourished children remains inconclusive. This study determined the usage patterns, gastrointestinal tolerance, anthropometrics and safety of high-fibre enteral feeding in malnourished children with growth failure.

    Methods: This Turkish observational study between February 2013 and June 2015 comprised 345 paediatric patients from 17 centres with malnutrition-related growth failure, with a weight and height of <2 SD percentiles for their age. Read More

    Italian multicentre study found infectious and vaccine-preventable diseases in children adopted from Africa and recommends prompt medical screening.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Health Sciences, IRCAD (Interdisciplinary Research Center of Autoimmune Diseases), University of Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro, Novara, Italy.
    Aim: This study evaluated the prevalence of infectious diseases and immunisation status of children adopted from Africa.

    Methods: We studied 762 African children referred to 11 Italian paediatric centres in 2009-2015. Clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively collected and analysed. Read More

    Use of social media is associated with short sleep duration in a dose-response manner in students aged 11 to 20 years.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    Aim: This study examined the association between social media and sleep duration among Canadian students aged 11-20.

    Methods: Data from 5242 students were obtained from the 2015 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a province-wide, school-based survey that has been conducted every two years since 1977. We measured the respondents' sleep duration against the recommended ranges of 9-11 h per night at 11-13 years of age, 8-10 h at 14-17 and 7-9 h per night for those aged 18 years or more. Read More

    1 OF 244