10,481 results match your criteria Acta Oto-Laryngologica[Journal]


Efficacy of intratympanic corticosteroid, intravenous batroxobin and combined treatment for sudden sensorineural hearing loss with type-2 diabetes.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery , Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing , China.

Background: Intratympanic corticosteroid (IC), intravenous batroxobin (IB) as the treatment for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) has been reported. However, the data on combination therapy (CT) was scarce.

Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the efficacy of IC, IB, and CT in the treatment of SSNHL with diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1592221DOI Listing

A new immunohistochemical method to evaluate the development of vestibular compensation after unilateral labyrinthectomy in rats.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 16:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a Department of Otolaryngology , Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School , Tokushima , Japan.

Background: Unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) causes the disappearance of ipsilateral medial vestibular nuclear (ipsi-MVe) activity and induces spontaneous nystagmus (SN), which disappears during the initial process of vestibular compensation (VC). Ipsi-MVe-activity restores in the late process of VC.

Objective: We evaluated the late process of VC after UL in rats and examined the effects of thioperamide (H3 antagonist) on VC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1599140DOI Listing

Round window and promontory movements during bone conduction with different middle ear conditions in Thiel embalmed specimens.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 16:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

b Department of ENT , Inselspital, University Bern , Bern , Switzerland.

Background: Thiel conservation is mainly based on a watery solution of salts. We have shown that bone conduction (BC) evokes motion in normal middle ears of Thiel embalmed specimens that is comparable to the motion for other cadaveric models.

Aims/objectives: We evaluated whether promontory and round window (RW) motion identifies differences in BC transmission for different middle ear conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1592226DOI Listing

Improvement of otoendoscopic surgery for epitympanic cholesteatoma invading the mastoid.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 16:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery , Institute of Otolaryngology of PLA, Chinese PLA General Hospital , Beijing , PR China.

Background: In recent years, the otoendoscopic surgery for epitympanic cholesteatoma has achieved great development, but it still has some disadvantages.

Objective: This work aims to improve otoendoscopic surgery for epitympanic cholesteatoma invading the mastoid to retain the normal structure of the middle ear as much as possible.

Methods: We classified the patients according to the lesion scope and applied different strategies of using the combination of otoendoscope and microscope. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1597985DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prognostic factors of facial nerve function after vestibular schwannoma removal via translabyrinthine approach.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 16:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

e Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center , Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine , Seoul , Korea.

Background: Prediction of facial function is a major concern when proposing surgery for patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS).

Aims/objectives: To evaluate postoperative facial function of patients who underwent operation of VS via a translabyrinthine approach (TL), and to analyze factors that influence facial functions.

Material And Methods: A total of 91 VS patients, who were operated via a TL approach, between March 1997 and December 2016, were analyzed. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1592223DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Collegium Oto-Rhino-Laryngologicum Amicitiae Sacru.

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Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1590042DOI Listing

Seasonality and solar radiation variation level in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 7:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

d Otolaryngology , Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein , Sao Paulo , Brazil.

Background: Several studies have shown that the incidence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) presents seasonal variations and there is evidence that the variation in time is dependent on the patient's amount of vitamin D.

Objectives: This is a retrospective study to verify if there is a correlation between the incidence of BPPV and the level of solar radiation, essential for the synthesis of vitamin D in the skin.

Material And Methods: This study comprised 214 patients with BPPV seen from 2012 to 2017, in a city Latitude: -30. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1590636DOI Listing

Effects of stimulus conditions on vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in healthy subjects.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 7:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

a Department of Clinical Laboratory , Yokohama Brain and Spine Center , Yokohama , Japan.

Background: Characteristics of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) depend on stimulus conditions.

Objective: To determine the optimal stimulus conditions for cervical and ocular VEMPs.

Methods: Participants were 23 healthy subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1592224DOI Listing

Spontaneous closure of traumatic tympanic membrane perforation following long-term observation.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 7:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

b Departments of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery , Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine , Okayama City , Okayama , Japan.

Background: Traumatic tympanic membrane perforation (TTMP) is usually managed conservatively because most close spontaneously within a few months. Nevertheless, spontaneous closure of TTMP during long-term observation has not been well described in the literature.

Objectives: The present study investigated factors associated with spontaneous closure of TTMP, and the characteristics of cases exhibiting spontaneous closure following long-term observation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1592225DOI Listing

Comparison of two different bone anchored hearing instruments: Baha-5 vs Ponto-plus.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 7:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

c Department of Otorhinolaryngology , Kocaeli Medical Park Hospital , Kocaeli , Turkey.

Background: To our knowledge, there is no study comparing Ponto Plus (Oticon Medical AB, Askim, Sweden) and Baha 5 (Cochlear Bone Anchored Solutions AG, Mölnlycke, Sweden) available in the literature.

Aims/objectives: The primary aim was to compare the performance of the Baha 5 with the Ponto Plus device in terms of speech understanding in quiet and in noise. In addition, to determine statistically whether or not the difference between the abutment systems created any variation in terms of skin reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1590637DOI Listing

Validation of the objective assessment of facial movement with a new software-based system.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

a ENT Clinic, NESMOS Department, Medicine and Psychology , Sapienza University , Rome , Italy.

Background: Most used subjective Unilateral Peripheral Facial Palsy (UPFP) grading systems are characterized by high variability and low reproducibility and doesn't allow a separate evaluation of single facial regions.

Objective: To assess the reliability of a new objective method for classification of UPFP, comparing it with House-Brackmann (HB) and Sunnybrook facial grading (SFGS) systems.

Method: Forty-seven patients affected by UPFP of different HB grade were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1587505DOI Listing
April 2019
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CORLAS group photo 2018.

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Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1590047DOI Listing

Transitions in auditory rehabilitation with bone conduction implants (BCI).

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 5:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

a NESMOS Department, ENT Clinic , Sapienza University , Rome , Italy.

Background: The bone conductive implants (BCI) are nowadays a reliable alternative for rehabilitation of specific forms of hearing loss, i.e. conductive, mixed or single sided deafness (SSD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1592220DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Intracochlear tPA infusion may reduce fibrosis caused by cochlear implantation surgery.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 5:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

a a Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery , University of Melbourne , Melbourne , Australia.

Background: Experiments show that the extent of ongoing fibrotic change within the cochlea can be determined by the volume and pattern of bleeding within the first 24 h following cochlear implantation. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is effective at reducing thrombus volume when administered both within and external to the systemic circulation.

Aims/objectives: To determine if tPA delivered into the scala tympani immediately following implantation will reduce thrombus volume within the lower basal turn of the cochlea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1587504DOI Listing

Auditory and speech performance in cochlear implanted ANSD children.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

c ENT Surgery Unit, Department of Surgical Specialists , King Fahad Medical City , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.

Background: Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is a distinct type of SNHL that is characterized by the presence of otoacoustic emissions and/or cochlear microphonics. Cochlear implantation was initially not recommended for ANSD children, later studies showed variable outcomes among those subjects.

Objective: To assess the auditory and speech performance of cochlear implanted children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) and to compare these results to those obtained from cochlear implanted children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) Material and methods: 18 cochlear implanted children with ANSD and 40 cochlear implanted children with SNHL were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571283DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

CASP9 genotype confers gentamicin susceptibility in intratympanic treatment of intractable vertigo caused by Ménière's disease.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

d Department of Otolaryngology , Cathay General Hospital , Taipei , Taiwan.

Background: Ménière's disease (MD) is a disorder of the inner ear, causing episodes of vertigo. Although surgery is reserved for intractable MD, intratympanic gentamicin (ITG) injection has become an alternative for controlling vertigo.

Aims/objectives: To investigate the genetic basis of ITG efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575525DOI Listing

Low-phase angle in body composition measurements correlates with prolonged hospital stay in head and neck cancer patients.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head Neck Surgery , University of Helsinki and HUS Helsinki University Hospital , Helsinki , Finland.

Background: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a method for estimating body composition. Clinically the most important parameter is the phase angle (PA), which decreases with progressing malnutrition and is highly predictive for impaired survival and mortality.

Aim: To evaluate the association of low PA with the complication rate and length of hospital stay. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1566779DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Measuring growth of residual cholesteatoma in subtotal petrosectomy.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 19:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology , Academic Medical Center , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.

Background: Little is known about the growth rate of cholesteatoma in patients.

Objective: Investigate the growth of residual cholesteatoma in subtotal petrosectomy based on volume measured in MRI scans.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective case series in a Tertiary Medical Centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1578413DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

3 T - MRI improves intrameatal cranial nerve detection in CI-candidates.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 19:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

d Department of Otolaryngology , Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitat Munchen Hals-Nasen-Ohren Klinik und Poliklinik , Munchen , Germany.

Background: Cochlear implantation meanwhile is a well established standard therapy in different forms of hearing loss in most ages. Clear depiction of the cochleovestibular anatomy and the cochlear nerve are very important for indication and effectiveness of cochlear implantation. Aim/objectives: Therefore the question raises whether Highfield MRI improves precision of preoperative diagnostic imaging especially along the the intrameatal portion of the vestibulocochlear nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571281DOI Listing

Ethanol infiltration into the stapedio-vestibular joint reduces low-frequency vibration of the ossicular chain and round window membrane in the guinea pig.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 19:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a ENT Institute, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Background: The synovial stapedio-vestibular joint (SVJ), which serves as a bridge between the stape and oval window, can be found in guinea pigs and most human adults. Unlike the fibrous SVJs in other animals, the contribution of the synovial SVJ to middle ear sound transmission remains unknown.

Aims/objectives: In this study, we investigate whether sclerosis of the synovial SVJ contributes to frequency-dependent vibration of the ossicular chain and round window membrane (RWM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575521DOI Listing

Randomized clinical trial to evaluate the outcome of partial canal wall preserved tympanomastoidectomy.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 19:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology , Peking University Third Hospital , Beijing , China.

Background: The main surgical techniques for the treatment of chronic otitis media so far, all have their characteristic advantages and disadvantages. Otolaryngologists have been trying to find an ideal surgical method for chronic otitis media.

Objective: To study and evaluate the outcome of partial canal wall preserved tympanomastoidectomy (PCM) for the treatment of chronic otitis media. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1578412DOI Listing

Are panels of clinical, laboratory, radiological, and microbiological variables of prognostic value in deep neck infections? An analysis of 301 consecutive cases.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb;139(2):214-218

e Department of Neuroscience DNS, Audiology Unit , University of Padova , Treviso , Italy.

Background: Deep neck infections (DNIs) are often clinically challenging, and may be life-threatening.

Objective: The present retrospective study aimed to identify panels of clinical, laboratory, radiological, and microbiological parameters that could identify patients with DNIs at higher risk of complications or long-term hospitalization.

Materials And Methods: The investigation concerned 301 consecutive patients with DNIs treated at our institution between 2000 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1532606DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of the efficacy of various doses of steroids for acute facial palsy.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery , Ansan Hospital, College of Medicine, Korea University , Ansan , Korea.

Background: Although steroids are effective for multiple types of acute facial palsies, an appropriate dosage remains to be established.

Aims/objectives: The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of high, low, and moderate doses of steroids in patients with acute facial palsy.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 49 patients with Bell palsy, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, or traumatic facial palsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1578411DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

3D-real IR MRI detects serendipity of inner ear in enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine , Fudan University , Shanghai , PR China.

Background: Although, the diagnostic criteria for enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome (EVAS) were determined by years. On the shoulders of predecessors, we still detected some new discoveries about EVAS by using 3D-real IR MRI.

Aims/objectives: To analyze the signal intensity of membranous and osseous labyrinths of vestibular aqueduct (VA) and endolymphatic sac (ES) in EVAS using three-dimensional real inversion recovery (3D-Real-IR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after intratympanic injection of gadolinium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1563719DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The prognostic value of preoperative derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in patients undergoing total laryngectomy with laryngeal carcinoma.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology , The First Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University , Nanjing , China.

Background: Emerging evidence indicate that inflammation plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Inflammatory response biomarkers are recognized as promising prognostic factors in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC).

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) in patients with total laryngectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1566780DOI Listing

A modified V-shaped incision combined with superficial musculo-aponeurotic system flap for parotidectomy.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 14;139(2):178-183. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan , Republic of Korea.

Background: V-shaped incision (VSI) for parotidectomy had been introduced for cosmetic purpose. Despite having aesthetic superiority, it required excessive retraction or an additional hairline incision for adequate surgical exposure. To overcome these problems, we conceptualized a modified VSI approach combined with a separate superficial musculo-aponeurotic system flap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1562216DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Dosimetric parameters associated with conductive or sensorineural hearing loss 5 years after intensity-modulated radiation therapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 14:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

a Department of Radiation Oncology , Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University , Xuhui District , Shanghai , China.

Background: Most previous studies are separate dosimetric analyses of conductive or sensorineural hearing loss, and they are not conducive to a comprehensive assessment of auditory radiation damage.

Aims/objectives: Our study aimed to evaluate the long-term incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) or conductive hearing loss (CHL) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and to investigate the relationship between SNHL or CHL and patient factors, treatment-related factors, and radiation dose parameters.

Material And Methods: Seventy patients (117 ears) with NPC, who were also treated with IMRT in our hospital from 2006 to 2014, were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1566778DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Mucociliary function of the eustachian tube in the eustachian tube dysfunction.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 14:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Tampere, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Tampere University Hospital , Tampere , Finland.

Background: Most of the tests to evaluate the eustachian tube (ET) function are focused on the ventilation function of the ET.

Aim: Here we evaluate mucociliary function of the ET in patients with ET dysfunction.

Materials And Methods: Ten patients with ET dysfunction were enrolled into the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1562218DOI Listing

Prevalence of temporal bone tegmen defects among patients with Marfan syndrome.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 12:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

d "Sackler" Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck, and Maxillofacial Surgery , Tel Aviv "Sourasky" Medical Center, Tel Aviv University , Tel Aviv , Israel.

Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder affecting connective tissue. The composition of the dura can change. Consequently, lumbo-sacral dural herniations and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are encountered, however, they have yet to been described in the temporal bone. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575524DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Results of surgical treatment alone for primary subglottic carcinoma.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery , Fudan University , Xuhui , China.

Primary subglottic carcinoma is rare and surgery is the most common therapeutic strategy for Chinese patients with this disease. To retrospectively evaluate surgically treated primary subglottic carcinoma treated with surgery. Patients with primary subglottic carcinoma who initially underwent surgery from 2005-2010 were grouped by surgical procedures with or without laryngeal function preservation and reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575519DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Lower initial electrode impedances in minimally invasive cochlear implantation.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 5:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology , The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou , People's Republic of China.

Background: The round window approach and the cochleostomy approach are two widely practiced methods to insert cochlear implant electrode arrays. Yet, there is no consensus on which is more minimally invasive.

Objective: To compare the initial electrode impedance (EI) values and the incidence of abnormal electrodes of the round window approach and the cochleostomy approach, and to evaluate the effects of surgical techniques on the intracochlear microenvironment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571285DOI Listing

Intraparotid facial nerve schwannoma: a 17-year, single-institution experience of diagnosis and management.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology, Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology , Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology , Beijing , China.

Background: Intraparotid facial nerve schwannoma (IFNS) is rare and its definite preoperative diagnosis is challenging.

Objective: To improve available knowledge regarding the diagnosis of IFNS and to suggest an appropriate treatment plan.

Material And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of IFNS patients at our hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1574983DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical trial on tinnitus patients with normal to mild hearing loss: broad band noise and mixed pure tones sound therapy.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Department of Otolaryngology , Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College , Beijing , China.

Background: Tinnitus treatments present a quandary for clinicians, but no thoroughly satisfactory medical treatments are offered to tinnitus patients.

Objective: We compared sound therapy effects of the broad band noise (BBN) and the mixed pure tones on tinnitus patients with normal to mild hearing loss, and the possible mechanisms were discussed.

Material And Methods: This study was a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575522DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Voluntary increase of acoustic middle ear impedances with simultaneous sound attenuation associated with mild hyperacusis (VIMH).

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Department of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, Inselspital, University of Bern , Switzerland.

Background: Acoustic impedances, as measured with tympanometers, change with the pressure in the middle ears, or reflexively as a response to a range of stimuli. A few persons are able to influence their acoustic impedances voluntarily.

Aims/objectives: To describe this phenomenon and its clinical consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1563720DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Bacterial biofilm in adenoids of children with chronic otitis media. Part I: a case control study of prevalence of biofilms in adenoids, risk factors and middle ear biofilms.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

e Department of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology , Head & Neck Surgery, Robert Debré University Hospital APHP, Paris 7 University, Sorbonne Cité , Paris , France.

Background: Biofilms are communities of bacteria embedded in a self-produced glycocalyx matrix. Adenoids have been shown to harbor bacterial biofilms. Aim/objectives: To compare the prevalence of biofilms in adenoid of children with chronic otitis media (COM) (group1) versus a control group without any COM (group 2) having adenoids removed because of hypertrophy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571282DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Periodontal status at diagnosis predicts non-disease-specific survival in a geographically defined cohort of patients with oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

c Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine , University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.

Background: The aim of this study was to examine periodontal status with a time-efficient screening method from a cohort of newly diagnosed oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) patients and to study to what extent dental disease level predicted survival. Aims/objective: Can measuring level of dental pathology based on a blind investigation of a routine orthopantogram (OPG) obtained during diagnostic workup reveal prognostic information?

Materials And Methods: We included 97 patients diagnosed between 2003 and 2010. Radiographic alveolar bone loss was measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571224DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Effect of nasal and sinus surgery in patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery , Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing , China.

Background: Nasal obstruction is associated with snoring, sleep disordered breathing, and OSA. Abnormal nasal physiology is an important aspect of OSA etiology.

Aims/objectives: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine if isolated nasal surgery in patients with and without OSA could improve sleep quality after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575523DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Bone conduction hearing in the blockage of oval and/or round windows in cats.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

b ENT institute , Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Background: Simple or non-syndromic types of oval window (OW) or round window (RW) atresia are relatively rare in clinical. Few studies have assessed bone conduction (BC) hearing in OW or RW atresia patients, with some reporting that BC hearing lies within the normal range, whereas others observing impaired BC hearing.

Aims/objectives: This study explored the effect of blocking the OW and RW during BC in cat models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1566781DOI Listing
February 2019

Recovery period of sinonasal quality of life and its associated factors after endoscopic endonasal approach for anterior skull base tumors.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

d Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Although endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for skull base tumors showed a good prognosis in sinonasal quality of life (QOL), what factors have influence on QOL is still in question. Aim/Objectives: To investigate the recovery of sinonasal QOL after EEA for anterior skull base tumors and find its prognostic factors.

Material And Methods: The study enrolled 250 patients undergoing EEA for anterior skull base tumors over 3 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1574982DOI Listing
February 2019
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Ciliated cell observation by SEM on the surface of human incudo-malleolar-joint articular cartilage: are they a new chondrocyte phenotype?

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

b NESMOS Department, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Otolaryngology Clinic , Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , Italy.

Background: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) study of the human incus bone is scanty whilst, to our knowledge, no information regarding human incudo-malleolar joint articular-cartilage morphology has previously been provided.

Aims/objectives: Our aim was to shed some light on this morphological issue and to propose some theoretical perspectives on its functional role.

Material And Methods: The human incudo-malleolar joint was documented with field emission SEM on samples recovered during ear surgery procedures after patients' informed consent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575520DOI Listing
February 2019
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Outcomes of the Baha Attract System combined with auricle reconstruction in mandarin speaking patients with bilateral microtia-atresia.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 26:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Department of Otolaryngology , Peking Union Medical College Hospital , Beijing , PR China.

Background: A transcutaneous bone-conduction hearing device (tBCHD), the Baha Attract System has been recently introduced to China, and very few studies have assessed the efficacy of this system in speakers of mandarin.

Objectives: This study aims to analyze the functional and cosmetic outcomes of this system.

Materials And Methods: This prospective study included 11 patients (nine males, two females), of mean age 16 years (range 9-32 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571284DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical outcomes of platinum-based chemotherapy plus cetuximab for recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: comparison between platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant patients.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22;139(2):201-205. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

c Department of Head and Neck Oncology and Surgery , International University of Health and Welfare Mita Hospital , Tokyo , Japan.

Background: Combination therapy consisting of a platinum agent, 5-fluorouracil and cetuximab (EXTREME regimen) is recommended for recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M-SCCHN). However, it is advisable to use platinum-free regimens as first-line therapy in patients resistant to platinum agents. There has been no report comparing EXTREME regimen outcomes between platinum-resistant and platinum-sensitive patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1551623DOI Listing
February 2019

Otitis media and mastoiditis in temporal bones of prehistoric Chilean populations. A paleopathological and paleoepidemiological study.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

f Department of Anthropology , Museo Nacional de Historia Natural , Santiago , Chile.

Background: This study evaluates otitis media in prehistoric populations in northern Chile.

Aims/objectives: Determining prevalence of otitis media and diagnostic usefulness of temporal-bone X-rays in skulls.

Materials And Methods: 444 skulls belonging to three groups: prehistoric-coastal (400-1000 AD), prehistoric-highland (400-1000 AD) and Pisagua-Regional Developments (1000-1450 AD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1530800DOI Listing
February 2019
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Intratympanic steroid therapy for refractory sudden sensory hearing loss: a 12-year experience with the Silverstein catheter.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22;139(2):111-116. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology , CHU Liege , Liège , Belgium.

Background: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is commonly encountered in clinical practice.

Aim/objective: Determine if local administration of corticosteroids to the inner ear can improve hearing and speech intelligibility after the failure of conventional treatment for SSNHL loss when administered for 10 days after the onset of the hearing loss in a large cohort of 77 patients.

Materials And Methods: A Silverstein MicroWick™ was placed under local anesthesia and endoscopic control in the round window niche, allowing self-administration of methylprednisolone twice daily for four weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1532107DOI Listing
February 2019

Post-operative complications of salvage total laryngectomy forpost-radiotherapy recurrent laryngeal cancer using pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22;139(2):167-171. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery , Tokyo Medical University , Shinjuku-ku , Tokyo , Japan.

Background: Salvage surgery for laryngeal cancer recurring after radiotherapy is difficult and complications readily occur. Our institution has adopted the pharyngeal interposition graft (PIG) using a pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap, which has copious blood flow, for preventing post-irradiation pharyngocutaneous fistula.

Aims/objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of post-operative complications of salvage total laryngectomy (STL) using the PMMC flap for post-radiotherapy recurrent laryngeal cancer at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1532108DOI Listing
February 2019

Extracranial internal carotid artery tortuosity may cause vocal cord palsy.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

c Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sjaellands Universitetshospital Køge , Køge , Denmark.

Background: Clinical practice made us suspect that vocal cord palsy (VCP) can be associated with extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) tortuosity.

Objectives: To find evidence for a causative relation between ICA tortuosity and VCP.

Methods: This single-center, retrospective study comprised 66 patients with VCP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1554263DOI Listing
February 2019

TLR5 and TLR7 are differentially expressed in human papillomavirus-positive and negative base of tongue squamous cell carcinoma, and TLR7 may have an independent prognostic influence.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22;139(2):206-210. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Oncology-Pathology , Karolinska Institute, CCK , Stockholm , Sweden.

Background: Human papillomavirus-positive (HPV) base of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (BOTSCC) has a better outcome than corresponding HPV cancer. TLR5 and TLR7 expression was previously shown to differ depending on HPV - status and correlate with outcome in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Aims/objectives: For validation, TLR5 and TLR7 were analyzed in a BOTSCC-cohort for correlation with HPV, survival, CD4 and CD8 tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) counts, the latter being a well-documented prognostic marker. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1552014DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of preoperative psychologic distress in laryngeal cancer patients.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22;139(2):184-186. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Anaesthesiology, The Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital , Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Background: Preoperative psychologic distress is common in head and neck cancer patients and related to deleterious effects in patient treatment and recovery. Routine screening and appropriate referral of all patients with cancer for psychiatric assessment is now a part of the medical treatment.

Objects: The aim was to assess the level of preoperative psychologic distress in laryngeal cancer patients scheduled for surgical treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1523555DOI Listing
February 2019
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Anatomical study of presigmoid-retrolabyrinthine approach based on temporal bone high-resolution CT.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22;139(2):117-121. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b Department of Radiology , Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing , China.

Background: The surgical approach of acoustic neuroma includes translabyrinthine, transcranial fossa, suboccipital retrosigmoid sinus, and presigmoid retrolabyrinthine approach. Aims/Objective: To provide the anatomical basis for the surgical selection of presigmoid retrolabyrinthine approach by measuring the anatomical parameters of retrolabyrinthine space of the petrous bone by high-resolution CT.

Material And Methods: A retrospective study of 208 high-resolution CT (HRCT) images of 104 patients examined in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1550585DOI Listing
February 2019

Prospective multi-center study on expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22;139(2):219-222. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

d Department of Otolaryngology , Asia Sleep Centre, Paragon Medical Centre , Singapore.

Background And Objective: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the long-term effectiveness of Expansion Sphincter Pharyngoplasty (ESP) as a standalone surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients through a prospective multi-center study.

Material And Methods: A prospective non-comparative multicenter study of patients suffering from OSHAS selected after drug-induced sleep endoscopy, with ESP as standing alone procedure was performed. Inclusion criteria were lateral collapse on oropharynx and preoperative AHI between 5 and 70. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1533992DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads