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    3515 results match your criteria Acta Odontologica Scandinavica [Journal]

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    Illicit drug use and traumatic dental injuries in adolescents.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 23:1-5. Epub 2018 Feb 23.
    a Division of Population and Patient Health , King's College London Dental Institute at Guy's, King's College and St Thomas Hospitals , London , UK.
    Objective: To explore the association between illicit drug use and traumatic dental injuries (TDI) among adolescents.

    Method: We used data from 618 adolescents who participated in Phases I and III of Research with East Adolescents Community Health Survey (RELACHS), a longitudinal school-based study of adolescents in East London. Illicit drug use was collected when participants were 11-12 and 15-16 years old (Phases I and III, respectively). Read More

    Augmented reality in dentistry: a current perspective.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 21:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    a Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry , Seoul National University and Dental Research Institute , Seoul , Korea.
    Augmentation reality technology offers virtual information in addition to that of the real environment and thus opens new possibilities in various fields. The medical applications of augmentation reality are generally concentrated on surgery types, including neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery and plastic surgery. Augmentation reality technology is also widely used in medical education and training. Read More

    Cumulative use of salivary markers with an adaptive design improves detection of periodontal disease over fixed biomarker thresholds.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 20:1-4. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    a Periodontology, Institute of Dentistry , University of Turku , Turku , Finland.
    Objective: Aim was to analyze the diagnostic ability of cumulative risk score (CRS), which uses salivary levels of Porphyromonas gingivalis, interleukin (IL)-1β, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 in an adaptive design, compared to previously reported thresholds of each marker alone.

    Materials And Methods: Oral and general health information of 463 participants were included in the analysis. Having the percentage of bleeding on probing (BOP) > 25%, having at least two sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) of 4-5 mm or having at least one tooth with alveolar bone loss (ABL) of at least 1/3 of the root length were accepted as outcome variables. Read More

    A high prevalence of TMD is related to somatic awareness and pain intensity among healthy dental students.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 18.
    b Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies , University of Gävle , Gävle , Sweden.
    Objective: Dental students have been identified as a group with high risks of developing both temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychosocial conditions. Our primary aim was to evaluate the cross-sectional prevalence of TMD diagnoses, as defined in the Diagnostic Criteria (DC)/TMD, among dental students. The secondary aim was to evaluate the prevalence and association of behavioural and psychosocial factors in relation to DC/TMD diagnoses. Read More

    A method for preventive intervention regarding temporomandibular pain and dysfunction.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 15:1-6. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    a Clinic of Orofacial Pain , Sahlgrenska Academy and Public Dental Health , Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objective: Adolescent girls frequently suffer from temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms and associated headache. A program aimed at informing about risk behavior for TMD symptoms, how to influence harmful habits and about general relaxation was tested.

    Material And Methods: Eighty girls at two high schools, 16 years of age, with or without symptoms, were invited to the health information on two occasions and 60 girls participated. Read More

    A new methodology for the measurement of the root canal curvature and its 3D modification after instrumentation.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 15:1-5. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    a Department of Endodontology, School of Dentistry , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.
    Objective: In this study, the three-dimensional (3D) modification of root canal curvature was measured, after the application of Reciproc instrumentation technique, by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging and a special algorithm developed for the 3D measurement of the curvature of the root canal.

    Materials And Methods: Thirty extracted upper molars were selected. Digital radiographs for each tooth were taken. Read More

    Diagnostic accuracy of three screening questions (3Q/TMD) in relation to the DC/TMD in a specialized orofacial pain clinic.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    b Department of Oral Kinesiology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA) , University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.
    Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of three screening questions (3Q/TMD) in relation to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD), in a specialized clinic.

    Material And Methods: Consecutive patients, >18 years, referred with a possible TMD complaint to the Orofacial Pain and Dysfunction clinic, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, the Netherlands, were included in the study. All patients (n = 449; mean age 44 years; 72% females), answered the 3Q/TMD and the DC/TMD questionnaire before a DC/TMD examination. Read More

    Effect of resin infiltration and microabrasion on the microhardness, surface roughness and morphology of incipient carious lesions.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    b Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry , Suleyman Demirel University , Isparta , Turkey.
    Objective: The effects of resin infiltration and microabrasion on incipient carious lesions by surface microhardness, roughness and morphological assessments, and resistance to further acid attack of treated lesions were evaluated.

    Material And Methods: Eighty artificially-induced incipient lesions were randomly divided into five groups (n = 16): resin infiltration with an adhesive resin (Excite F, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), resin infiltration with a resin infiltrant (Icon, DMG, Hamburg, Germany), microabrasion without polishing (Opalustre, Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA), microabrasion with polishing (Opalustre, Ultradent, Diamond Excel, FGM, Joinville, SC, Brazil), and distilled water (control group). All specimens were exposed to demineralization for another 10 d. Read More

    Approximal sealings on lesions in neighbouring teeth requiring operative treatment: an in vitro study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 7:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    b Department of Odontology, Section of Cariology and Endodontics , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    Objectives: With this in vitro study we aimed to assess the possibility of precise application of sealant on accessible artificial white spot lesions (WSL) on approximal surfaces next to a tooth surface under operative treatment. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether the use of magnifying glasses improved the application precision.

    Material And Methods: Fifty-six extracted premolars were selected, approximal WSL lesions were created with 15% HCl gel and standardized photographs were taken. Read More

    Oral shedding of HSV-1 and EBV and oral manifestations in paediatric chronic kidney disease patients and renal transplant recipients.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    a Department of Stomatology, Division of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.
    Objective: Previous research demonstrated that salivary shedding of HSV-1 and EBV occurs often in adult renal transplant recipients, but there is a lack of studies on the presence of them in the saliva of paediatric population. Therefore, the objective of this study is to describe oral characteristics and to compare the shedding profile of HSV-1 and EBV in the saliva of children with renal transplant to that of chronic kidney disease patients and controls.

    Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving 100 children, being 25 renal transplant recipients, 25 chronic kidney disease patients and 50 healthy children. Read More

    Association between age at asthma diagnosis and tooth loss.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Feb 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    a Department of Dental Services Management and Informatics , Seoul National University , Seoul , Republic of Korea.
    Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association between age at asthma diagnosis and tooth loss due to caries using data obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

    Materials And Methods: A complex sample multivariable linear regression was used, and the results were analysed. Age at diagnosis and the number of teeth lost were set as independent and dependent variables, respectively. Read More

    Effect of intraosseous injection versus inferior alveolar nerve block as primary pulpal anaesthesia of mandibular posterior teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis: a prospective randomized clinical trial.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 27:1-6. Epub 2018 Jan 27.
    b Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan , Iran.
    Objective: This study sought to assess the success rate, effect on blood pressure, and pain of intraosseous injection (IO) and inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) for pulpal anaesthesia of mandibular posterior teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis as the primary anaesthetic technique.

    Materials And Methods: This randomized clinical trial (IRCT2013022712634N1) was conducted on 60 patients between 18 and 65 years suffering from symptomatic irreversible pulpitis of a mandibular posterior tooth. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. Read More

    Effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis infection in the placenta and umbilical cord in pregnant mice with low birth weight.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 15:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    a Department of Periodontology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences , Tokyo Medical and Dental University , Tokyo , Japan.
    Objective: Growing evidence indicates an association between periodontitis and delivery outcome; however, the mechanism is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the influence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) infection on delivery outcome in mice.

    Materials And Methods: Bacteremia was induced in pregnant Slc:ICR mice (8 weeks old) by intravenous injection of Pg. Read More

    Perceptions of older people's oral health care among nurses working in geriatric home care.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 15:1-6. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    a Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Oulu , Oulu , Finland.
    Objectives: This study investigates nurses' self-reported experiences and perceptions of older people's oral health care using a qualitative method.

    Methods: We interviewed 10 nurses working in geriatric home care who regularly visit and take care of older people in their homes. The interviews consisted of semi-structured questions. Read More

    Evaluation of dentin permeability of fluorotic permanent teeth.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 15:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    d Department of Physics, Faculty of Art Science , İstanbul University , İstanbul , Turkey.
    Objective: The in vitro permeability characteristics of dentin have been studied extensively and used to evaluate the efficacy of various preventative and restorative procedures. The aim of this in vitro study was to precisely determine the dentin permeability of fluorotic premolar teeth using an electronic hydraulic conductance measurement system with photosensors and to compare the data with healthy premolars.

    Methods: In total, 40 fluorotic and healthy premolar teeth with complete root formation that were extracted for orthodontic purposes and had no caries, restoration, fractures, or cracks were selected for this study. Read More

    Morphometric analysis for evaluating the relation between incisal guidance angle, occlusal plane angle, and functional temporomandibular joint shape variation.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 11:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    a Departmet of Orthodontics, Dental Research Institute , Pusan National University Dental Hospital , Yangsan , Korea.
    Objective: The correlations between morphology of the temporomandibular joint structure, the anterior guidance angle, and occlusal plane were investigated.

    Materials And Methods: A cone beam computed tomography analysis was performed in 158 patients (86 women and 72 men). 3D software was employed to obtain the coordinates of the shape of the incisal guidance angle, occlusal guidance angle, articular fossa, and mandibular condyle. Read More

    Mortality rate and oral health - a cohort study over 44 years in the county of Stockholm.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 11:1-6. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    a Department of Periodontology , Public Dental Service at Eastmaninstitutet, Stockholm County Council , Stockholm , Sweden.
    Objective: To study the association between oral health and all-cause mortality rate over 44 years. In addition, the specific relations between oral health and death caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer or other reasons were investigated.

    Materials And Methods: An epidemiological investigation studying the oral health of the population consisting of 1393 randomly selected subjects was performed in the County of Stockholm. Read More

    Contribution of preventive methods in controlling caries among Saudi primary schoolchildren: a population-based cross-sectional study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 11:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    a College of Dentistry , Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University , Dammam , Saudi Arabia.
    Objective: This study assessed the association between caries preventive measures including regular dental checkups, twice a day tooth brushing using fluoridated toothpaste and pit and fissure sealants on one side and the presence of caries among primary schoolchildren in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

    Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 including 1198, 6-12-year-old children from 13 randomly selected schools. The outcome variable was caries presence. Read More

    The prevalence of oral stage dysphagia in adults presenting with temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    a Department of Clinical Speech and Language Studies , Trinity College Dublin , Dublin , Ireland.
    Objective: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most commonly experienced non-dental orofacial pain disorders, with pain and dysfunction potentially resulting in oral stage dysphagia (OD). However, limited research has been conducted on this condition, with potential negative effects on clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of OD in adults presenting with TMDs, diagnosed as per the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders or the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders protocols. Read More

    Clinical characterization of women with burning mouth syndrome in a case-control study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 28:1-8. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    d Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry , The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objective: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic orofacial pain disorder that is defined by a burning sensation in the oral mucosa. The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying factors, clinical characteristics and self-reported oral and general health factors associated with BMS.

    Material And Methods: Fifty-six women with BMS (mean age: 67. Read More

    Oral health status of hospitalized amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients: a single-centre observational study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 26:1-5. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    a Orofacial Pain Management, Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences , Tokyo Medical and Dental University , Tokyo , Japan.
    Objective: To assess the intraoral conditions and oral function of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

    Material And Methods: This single-centre, cross-sectional observational study included 50 ALS patients, who were treated with tracheostomy positive-pressure ventilation (TPPV) while hospitalized. The disease duration, TPPV duration, current number of teeth, number of occlusal units, number of decayed/missing/filled teeth, community periodontal index, bleeding on probing, dental calculus, maximum mouth opening, salivation rate, tongue anomalies (atrophy or hypertrophy) and tongue coating were determined for each patient. Read More

    What do polish parents know about dental trauma and its management in children's treatment? A questionnaire study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 26:1-5. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    b Department of Pediatric Dentistry , Medical University of Warsaw , Warsaw , Poland.
    Objectives: To evaluate the knowledge of Polish parents concerning traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) and their management in children and to assess the influence of TDI experience on parents' knowledge.

    Methods: A questionnaire study conducted from May 2014 to February 2015 involved 741 randomly selected individual parents of children aged 1-17 receiving treatment at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at the Medical University of Warsaw. The questionnaire consisted of 28 questions concerning TDI management. Read More

    Temporomandibular disorders in growing patients after treatment of class II and III malocclusion with orthopaedic appliances: a systematic review.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 18:1-12. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    b Ortodoncia y Ortopedia Dentomaxilofacial, Facultad de Odontología , Universidad Andrés Bello , Santiago , Chile.
    Objective: To determine if the use of orthopaedic appliances in growing patients applied to correct Class II and III malocclusion is related to the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD).

    Material And Methods: A systematic review was conducted between 1960 and July 2017, based on electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, Scopus, EBSCOhost, Scielo, Lilacs and Bireme. Controlled clinical trials (CCTs) and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified. Read More

    A 1-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial with focus on manual and electric toothbrushes' effect on dental hygiene in nursing homes.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 14:1-5. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    a Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.
    Objective: A 2-month randomized clinical trial (RCT) study comparing electric and manual toothbrushes used by residents in nursing homes showed significant reduction in plaque score for both groups. The aim of this follow up study was to study if the effect sustained in a longer perspective when toothbrushes were used according to resident's own preference.

    Materials And Methods: One year after baseline of the RCT-study, 100 participants were re-examined. Read More

    A retrospective study of traumatic dental injuries in primary dentition: treatment outcomes of splinting.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 11:1-4. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    b Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry , Kyung Hee University , Seoul , Republic of Korea.
    Objective: Splinting in primary dentition is limited to several traumatic dental injuries. The prognosis associated with splint use has not been fully investigated. In this study, we investigated the outcomes of traumatic injuries in primary teeth treated with splinting. Read More

    The plaque and gingivitis inhibiting capacity of a commercially available mouthwash containing essential oils and ethyl lauroyl arginate. A randomized clinical trial.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 7:1-6. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    a Department of Periodontology , Institute of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.
    Objective: A commercially available mouth rinse with ethyl lauroyl arginate and essential oils claims to have better antimicrobial properties than the traditional essential oil products. The aim of this study was to compare the plaque and gingivitis inhibiting effect of the commercial product containing essential oils with ethyl lauroyl arginate with one placebo and one negative control in a modified experimental gingivitis model.

    Materials And Methods: In three groups of healthy volunteers, experimental gingivitis was induced and monitored over 21 d, simultaneously treated with the commercial test solution, 21. Read More

    Cone beam computed tomography imaging of superior semicircular canal morphology: a retrospective comparison of cleft lip/palate patients and normal controls.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Dec 4:1-6. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    e Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry , Akdeniz University , Antalya , Turkey.
    Objective: This study evaluated the prevalence and morphological characteristics of the superior semicircular canal (SSCC) in cleft lip and palate (CL/P) patients using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

    Materials And Methods: CBCT images of 53 CL/P patients (28 males and 25 females) and a control group of 76 patients (42 males and 34 females) were evaluated. Retrospectively, 258 temporal bone images from 129 patients were evaluated in terms of SSCC morphology and divided into a normal pattern (0. Read More

    The relationship of obesity to the timing of permanent tooth emergence in Czech children.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 22:1-6. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    a Department of Dentistry , General University Hospital, Medical Faculty One, Charles University , Prague , Czech Republic.
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of BMI on the timing of permanent tooth emergence in Czech children.

    Objectives: In this cross-sectional study, 1370 Czech children were examined. The age, gender, weight, height, all emerged permanent teeth (except third molars) of each child were all recorded. Read More

    Reduced antibiotic prescription rates following physician-targeted interventions in a dental practice.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 21:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    a Research Institute , Apple Tree Dental Hospital , Goyang-si , Gyeonggi-do , South Korea.
    Background: The prescription rate for antibiotics in dental clinics is not declining despite the increase in the antibiotic resistance problem. In this study, we observed the change in antibiotic prescription rates by dentists in a Korean dental hospital for various treatments after conducting interventions targeting dentists.

    Methods: The first intervention was to distribute guidelines. Read More

    X-ray microtomography assessment of Carisolv and Papacarie effect on dentin mineral density and amount of removed tissue.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 21:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    c Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry , Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University , Dammam , Saudi Arabia.
    Objective: The aim of the present study was to directly compare Carisolv and Papacarie regarding the volume of removed tissue (RT) and dentin mineral density (DMD) after excavation.

    Materials And Methods: Twenty permanent molars were randomized into two groups where caries was excavated using Carisolv or Papacarie followed by removal of softened tissue by a blunt instrument. X-ray microtomography was used to scan teeth before and after excavation generating two- and three-dimensional images that were used to calculate the percentage of RT relative to baseline tooth tissue volume and DMD that was categorized into sound dentin (>1. Read More

    Oral mucosal lesions in electronic cigarettes consumers versus former smokers.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 21:1-3. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    a Department of Medical and Surgical Specialities, Radiological Sciences and Public Health , Dental School, University of Brescia , Brescia , Italy.
    Objectives: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have become very popular in recent years. However, many uncertainties remain about their side effects. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in former smokers compared to ECs consumers. Read More

    Determination and identification of antibiotic-resistant oral streptococci isolated from active dental infections in adults.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 21:1-7. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    a CISALUD Valle de las Palmas , Universidad Autónoma de Baja California , Tijuana , México.
    Objective: To determine and identify antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) of oral streptococci from active dental infections in adults and its association with age and gender.

    Material And Methods: This cross-sectional study included 59 subjects from 18 to 62 years old. Ninety-eighth samples obtained from the subjects were cultivated in agar plates containing antibiotics amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (A-CA), clindamycin, and moxifloxacin (concentrations of 16, 32 or 64 µg/ml). Read More

    Effect of dentifrice containing fTCP, CPP-ACP and fluoride in the prevention of enamel demineralization.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 20:1-7. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    d Pediatric Dentistry Department, School of Dentistry , Fluminense Federal University , Niterói , RJ , Brazil.
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of different fluoride- and calcium- and/or phosphate-containing products on their ability to prevent enamel demineralization under pH cycling conditions.

    Material And Methods: Enamel bovine specimens were assigned to the following groups: G1-MPP (MI Paste Plus, 0.2% NaF, Recaldent™, GC Corporation Tokyo, Japan); G2-FD (Crest™ Cavity Protection, 0. Read More

    Topical simvastatin gel as a novel therapeutic modality for palatal donor site wound healing following free gingival graft procedure.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 16:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    b Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy , Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.
    Objective: Autogenous soft-tissue grafting is a commonly used procedure nowadays in dentistry. However, the prolonged healing time needed for the donor site leads to increase the patient's pain and discomfort. Statin has been observed to be beneficial in reducing bacterial burden, improving epithelization and wound healing. Read More

    Short clinical examination for temporomandibular symptoms in general practice.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 15:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    a Clinic of Orofacial Pain, Sahlgrenska Academy and Public Dental Health , Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objective: The aims of the study are to assess the reliability of the short clinical examination, and to compare the information gained with a well-known and validated examination, the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD).

    Materials And Methods: The study comprises 52 consecutive, newly referred patients at their first visit and examination to an Orofacial Pain and TMD Clinic, 15 years and older, mean age 44 years. The patients first answered three screening questions for reported symptoms. Read More

    Periodontal inflamed surface area and periodontal case definition classification.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 11:1-4. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    a Periodontology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology , Odontología Médico-Quirúrgica (OMEQUI) Research Group, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), University of Santiago de Compostela , Santiago de Compostela , Spain.
    Objective: To assess whether a higher periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) may reflect more severe periodontitis, and if so, to calculate which cut-off point should be used to classify a patient as suffering from periodontitis.

    Material And Methods: Eighty subjects were selected based on their periodontal status and were divided into 4 groups of 20 each; periodontally healthy, mild periodontitis, moderate periodontitis and severe periodontitis. In addition, demographic data, smoking status and socioeconomic status were also recorded. Read More

    Evaluation of final irrigation regimens with maleic acid for smear layer removal and wettability of root canal sealer.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 10:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    b Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry , University of Granada , Granada , Spain.
    Objective: To evaluate the smear layer removal and wettability of AH Plus sealer on root canal dentin treated with MA (maleic acid), MA + CTR (cetrimide) and MA + CTR + CHX (chlorhexidine) as final irrigating regimens.

    Material And Methods: For smear layer removal, 40 teeth were instrumented to size F4 and divided into four groups: (1) 7% MA, (2) 7% MA + 0.2% CTR, (3) 7% MA + 0. Read More

    Salivary evaluation in radioactive Itreated patients with thyroid carcinoma.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 10;76(2):148-152. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    a Department of Pathology, Health Science Center , Federal University of Santa Catarina , Florianopolis , SC , Brazil.
    Background And Objective: radioiodine treatment (I) used to treat thyroid carcinomas produces side effects (sialadenitis, xerostomia, dysphagia and caries susceptibility) reflecting in a poor patient quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ion salivary function and possible oral impairment.

    Material And Methods: Thirty-seven patients undergoing Iwere submitted to oral examination, answer questions regarding xerostomia/hyposalivation and collect saliva at three moments (M1: 30-45 days before I, M2: 1-2 days after Iand M3: 7-10 days after treatment). Read More

    Similar treatment outcome in myofascial TMD patients with localized and widespread pain.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 10:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    a Institute of Dentistry , University of Turku , Turku , Finland.
    Objective: To study the outcome of oral appliance treatment in myofascial Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with and without comorbid pain using pain site drawings.

    Material And Methods: This randomized, controlled multicentre study comprised 65 myofascial TMD patients diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Pain-site drawings were filled in at the baseline examination. Read More

    The relationship between children's media habits and their anxiety and behaviour during dental treatment.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 5:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 5.
    d Dental and Periodental Research Centre , Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran.
    Objective: The existing evidence suggests that media habits may have moderating role on children's psychological adjustment in the dental setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's media habits and their anxiety and behaviour management problems (BMP) during dental treatment.

    Materials And Methods: A total of 289 children aged 3-6 years old were included. Read More

    Quality aspects of ex vivo root canal treatments done by undergraduate dental students using four different endodontic treatment systems.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 29:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 29.
    a Section of Oral Radiology, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health , Aarhus University , Aarhus , Denmark.
    Objective: To evaluate factors associated with treatment quality of ex vivo root canal treatments performed by undergraduate dental students using different endodontic treatment systems.

    Material And Methods: Four students performed root canal treatment on 80 extracted human teeth using four endodontic treatment systems in designated treatment order following a Latin square design. Lateral seal and length of root canal fillings was radiographically assessed; for lateral seal, a graded visual scale was used. Read More

    Selective versus non-selective removal for dental caries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 26;76(2):135-140. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    a Department of Dentistry , People's Hospital of Weifang , Weifang , Shandong Province , P.R. China.
    Objective: Selective and non-selective methods for caries removal were controversial so far, thus we aimed to compare the efficacy of selective and non-selective caries removal by conducting meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

    Materials And Methods: Eligible RCTs studies comparing selective caries removal with non-selective caries removal were retrieved by searching PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library till 15 July 2017. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for outcome indictors, including pulpal exposure, pulpal symptoms and failure using Inverse variance-random effects or Mantel-Haenszel-fixed effects models. Read More

    Long-term treatment outcome for adolescents with temporomandibular pain.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 26:1-8. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    b Regional Center for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare - Central Norway , Norwegian University of Science and Technology , Trondheim , Norway.
    Objectives: This study aims to evaluate long-term, self-perceived outcome in adulthood for individuals treated as adolescents for temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain in two previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

    Materials And Methods: The study included 116 subjects (81% females) treated for frequent TMD pain in two separate RCTs 5-21 (M = 14.8, SD =4. Read More

    Comparison of periodontal inflammatory parameters among habitual gutka-chewers and naswar-dippers: a split-mouth retrospective clinical study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 26;76(2):141-147. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    e Department of General Dentistry , Eastman Institute for Oral Health, University of Rochester , Rochester , NY , USA.
    Objective: The aim of the present split-mouth retrospective study was to compare the clinical periodontal parameters among gutka-chewers and naswar-dippers.

    Methods: A structured questionnaire was used to record demographic information. Jaw quadrant in which, gutka or naswar were placed were defined as "test-sites". Read More

    Dose-dependent effect of radiation on resorbable blast material titanium implants: an experimental study in rabbits.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 23;76(2):130-134. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    b Department of Pharmacology , Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine , Erzurum , Turkey.
    Background: Radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment modality in head and neck cancer; however, it also negatively affects healthy structures. Direct damage to oral soft and hard tissue frequently occurs with radiotherapy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of radiotherapy on bone surrounding titanium dental implants via biomechanical and molecular methods. Read More

    Fluoride toothpastes containing micrometric or nano-sized sodium trimetaphosphate reduce enamel erosion in vitro.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 16;76(2):119-124. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    a São Paulo State University (Unesp), School of Dentistry, Araçatuba , Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Health , Araçatuba (SP) , Brazil.
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of fluoride toothpastes supplemented with micrometric or nano-sized sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP or TMPnano, respectively) on enamel erosion in vitro, as well as the influence of salivary acquired pellicle and saliva.

    Material And Methods: Bovine enamel blocks (n = 120) were randomly assigned into the following experimental toothpastes: no F/TMP/TMPnano (Placebo); 1100 ppm F (1100 ppm F); 1100 ppm F plus 3% TMP or 3% TMPnano (1100 TMP or 1100 TMPnano, respectively) and 5000 ppm F (5000 ppm F). Erosive challenge was performed by immersion of the blocks in citric acid for 5 min, followed by 2 h immersion in human or artificial saliva, 4×/day, during 5 days. Read More

    State governance versus dentists' autonomy - the case of Swedish dental care.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 16;76(2):125-129. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    a Faculty of Odontology , Malmö University , Malmö , Sweden.
    Objective: A trend towards the state governance of healthcare through quality indicators and national clinical guidelines has been observed, and it is argued that this trend can be a challenge to the autonomy of healthcare professionals. In Sweden, these regulatory tools have been implemented in combination with subsidies for adult dental care that are based on guideline recommendations which serve to ensure that dental care is evidence-based and cost-effective. This paper aims to analyse the implications of these changes regarding dentists' autonomy and whether the government's political intentions can be fulfilled. Read More

    Frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets starts at early age.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 16;76(2):105-110. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    a Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Oulu , Oulu , Finland.
    Objectives: We aimed to investigate the habitual consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sweets in relation to mothers' behaviours and practices with their infants.

    Methods: We targeted mothers with children 1-24 months (N = 200) visiting Public Child Health clinics in Finland. During routine visits mothers (N = 179) volunteered to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about their child's health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets and SSBs, tooth brushing frequency). Read More

    3D CBCT morphometric assessment of mental foramen in Arabic population and global comparison: imperative for invasive and non-invasive procedures in mandible.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 11;76(2):98-104. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    e Neurology Department, College of Medicine , Al Jouf University , Sakakah , Saudi Arabia.
    Background: Recent advancements in clinical dentistry have increased the possibilities of surgical procedures in the mental region. A detailed knowledge of mental foramen (MF) morphometry is significant to preserve integrity of the mental nerve trunk in surgical interventions such as orthognathic surgery, implant placement and anaesthetic block.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the most accurate position of the mental foramen by using new assessment approach in a sample of dental patients presenting to the specialist dental clinic, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. Read More

    Dentists' use of digital radiographic techniques: Part I - intraoral X-ray: a questionnaire study of Swedish dentists.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 11;76(2):111-118. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    d Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences , Örebro University , Örebro , Sweden.
    Objective: The present study aims to gain knowledge about the dentist's use and choice of digital intraoral imaging methods.

    Materials And Methods: A questionnaire sent to 2481 dentists within the Swedish Dental Society contained questions about the type of X-ray technique used, problems experienced with digital radiography, and reasons for choosing digital technology, and about indications, clinic size and type of service. Response rate was 53%. Read More

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