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    3480 results match your criteria Acta Odontologica Scandinavica [Journal]

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    Topical simvastatin gel as a novel therapeutic modality for palatal donor site wound healing following free gingival graft procedure.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 16:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    b Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy , Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.
    Objective: Autogenous soft-tissue grafting is a commonly used procedure nowadays in dentistry. However, the prolonged healing time needed for the donor site leads to increase the patient's pain and discomfort. Statin has been observed to be beneficial in reducing bacterial burden, improving epithelization and wound healing. Read More

    Short clinical examination for temporomandibular symptoms in general practice.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 15:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    a Clinic of Orofacial Pain, Sahlgrenska Academy and Public Dental Health , Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objective: The aims of the study are to assess the reliability of the short clinical examination, and to compare the information gained with a well-known and validated examination, the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD).

    Materials And Methods: The study comprises 52 consecutive, newly referred patients at their first visit and examination to an Orofacial Pain and TMD Clinic, 15 years and older, mean age 44 years. The patients first answered three screening questions for reported symptoms. Read More

    Periodontal inflamed surface area and periodontal case definition classification.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 11:1-4. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    a Periodontology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology , Odontología Médico-Quirúrgica (OMEQUI) Research Group, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), University of Santiago de Compostela , Santiago de Compostela , Spain.
    Objective: To assess whether a higher periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) may reflect more severe periodontitis, and if so, to calculate which cut-off point should be used to classify a patient as suffering from periodontitis.

    Material And Methods: Eighty subjects were selected based on their periodontal status and were divided into 4 groups of 20 each; periodontally healthy, mild periodontitis, moderate periodontitis and severe periodontitis. In addition, demographic data, smoking status and socioeconomic status were also recorded. Read More

    Evaluation of final irrigation regimens with maleic acid for smear layer removal and wettability of root canal sealer.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 10:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    b Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry , University of Granada , Granada , Spain.
    Objective: To evaluate the smear layer removal and wettability of AH Plus sealer on root canal dentin treated with MA (maleic acid), MA + CTR (cetrimide) and MA + CTR + CHX (chlorhexidine) as final irrigating regimens.

    Material And Methods: For smear layer removal, 40 teeth were instrumented to size F4 and divided into four groups: (1) 7% MA, (2) 7% MA + 0.2% CTR, (3) 7% MA + 0. Read More

    Salivary evaluation in radioactive I(131) treated patients with thyroid carcinoma.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 10:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    a Department of Pathology, Health Science Center , Federal University of Santa Catarina , Florianopolis , SC , Brazil.
    Background And Objective: radioiodine treatment (I(131)) used to treat thyroid carcinomas produces side effects (sialadenitis, xerostomia, dysphagia and caries susceptibility) reflecting in a poor patient quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of I(131) on salivary function and possible oral impairment.

    Material And Methods: Thirty-seven patients undergoing I(131) were submitted to oral examination, answer questions regarding xerostomia/hyposalivation and collect saliva at three moments (M1: 30-45 days before I(131), M2: 1-2 days after I(131) and M3: 7-10 days after treatment). Read More

    Similar treatment outcome in myofascial TMD patients with localized and widespread pain.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 10:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    a Institute of Dentistry , University of Turku , Turku , Finland.
    Objective: To study the outcome of oral appliance treatment in myofascial Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with and without comorbid pain using pain site drawings.

    Material And Methods: This randomized, controlled multicentre study comprised 65 myofascial TMD patients diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Pain-site drawings were filled in at the baseline examination. Read More

    The relationship between children's media habits and their anxiety and behaviour during dental treatment.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 5:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 5.
    d Dental and Periodental Research Centre , Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran.
    Objective: The existing evidence suggests that media habits may have moderating role on children's psychological adjustment in the dental setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's media habits and their anxiety and behaviour management problems (BMP) during dental treatment.

    Materials And Methods: A total of 289 children aged 3-6 years old were included. Read More

    Quality aspects of ex vivo root canal treatments done by undergraduate dental students using four different endodontic treatment systems.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 29:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 29.
    a Section of Oral Radiology, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health , Aarhus University , Aarhus , Denmark.
    Objective: To evaluate factors associated with treatment quality of ex vivo root canal treatments performed by undergraduate dental students using different endodontic treatment systems.

    Material And Methods: Four students performed root canal treatment on 80 extracted human teeth using four endodontic treatment systems in designated treatment order following a Latin square design. Lateral seal and length of root canal fillings was radiographically assessed; for lateral seal, a graded visual scale was used. Read More

    Selective versus non-selective removal for dental caries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 26:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    a Department of Dentistry , People's Hospital of Weifang , Weifang , Shandong Province , P.R. China.
    Objective: Selective and non-selective methods for caries removal were controversial so far, thus we aimed to compare the efficacy of selective and non-selective caries removal by conducting meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

    Materials And Methods: Eligible RCTs studies comparing selective caries removal with non-selective caries removal were retrieved by searching PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library till 15 July 2017. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for outcome indictors, including pulpal exposure, pulpal symptoms and failure using Inverse variance-random effects or Mantel-Haenszel-fixed effects models. Read More

    Long-term treatment outcome for adolescents with temporomandibular pain.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 26:1-8. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    b Regional Center for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare - Central Norway , Norwegian University of Science and Technology , Trondheim , Norway.
    Objectives: This study aims to evaluate long-term, self-perceived outcome in adulthood for individuals treated as adolescents for temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain in two previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

    Materials And Methods: The study included 116 subjects (81% females) treated for frequent TMD pain in two separate RCTs 5-21 (M = 14.8, SD =4. Read More

    Comparison of periodontal inflammatory parameters among habitual gutka-chewers and naswar-dippers: a split-mouth retrospective clinical study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 26:1-7. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    e Department of General Dentistry , Eastman Institute for Oral Health, University of Rochester , Rochester , NY , USA.
    Objective: The aim of the present split-mouth retrospective study was to compare the clinical periodontal parameters among gutka-chewers and naswar-dippers.

    Methods: A structured questionnaire was used to record demographic information. Jaw quadrant in which, gutka or naswar were placed were defined as "test-sites". Read More

    Dose-dependent effect of radiation on resorbable blast material titanium implants: an experimental study in rabbits.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 23:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    b Department of Pharmacology , Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine , Erzurum , Turkey.
    Background: Radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment modality in head and neck cancer; however, it also negatively affects healthy structures. Direct damage to oral soft and hard tissue frequently occurs with radiotherapy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of radiotherapy on bone surrounding titanium dental implants via biomechanical and molecular methods. Read More

    Fluoride toothpastes containing micrometric or nano-sized sodium trimetaphosphate reduce enamel erosion in vitro.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 16:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    a São Paulo State University (Unesp), School of Dentistry, Araçatuba , Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Health , Araçatuba (SP) , Brazil.
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of fluoride toothpastes supplemented with micrometric or nano-sized sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP or TMPnano, respectively) on enamel erosion in vitro, as well as the influence of salivary acquired pellicle and saliva.

    Material And Methods: Bovine enamel blocks (n = 120) were randomly assigned into the following experimental toothpastes: no F/TMP/TMPnano (Placebo); 1100 ppm F (1100 ppm F); 1100 ppm F plus 3% TMP or 3% TMPnano (1100 TMP or 1100 TMPnano, respectively) and 5000 ppm F (5000 ppm F). Erosive challenge was performed by immersion of the blocks in citric acid for 5 min, followed by 2 h immersion in human or artificial saliva, 4×/day, during 5 days. Read More

    State governance versus dentists' autonomy - the case of Swedish dental care.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 16:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    a Faculty of Odontology , Malmö University , Malmö , Sweden.
    Objective: A trend towards the state governance of healthcare through quality indicators and national clinical guidelines has been observed, and it is argued that this trend can be a challenge to the autonomy of healthcare professionals. In Sweden, these regulatory tools have been implemented in combination with subsidies for adult dental care that are based on guideline recommendations which serve to ensure that dental care is evidence-based and cost-effective. This paper aims to analyse the implications of these changes regarding dentists' autonomy and whether the government's political intentions can be fulfilled. Read More

    Frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets starts at early age.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 16:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    a Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Oulu , Oulu , Finland.
    Objectives: We aimed to investigate the habitual consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sweets in relation to mothers' behaviours and practices with their infants.

    Methods: We targeted mothers with children 1-24 months (N = 200) visiting Public Child Health clinics in Finland. During routine visits mothers (N = 179) volunteered to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about their child's health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets and SSBs, tooth brushing frequency). Read More

    3D CBCT morphometric assessment of mental foramen in Arabic population and global comparison: imperative for invasive and non-invasive procedures in mandible.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 11:1-7. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    e Neurology Department, College of Medicine , Al Jouf University , Sakakah , Saudi Arabia.
    Background: Recent advancements in clinical dentistry have increased the possibilities of surgical procedures in the mental region. A detailed knowledge of mental foramen (MF) morphometry is significant to preserve integrity of the mental nerve trunk in surgical interventions such as orthognathic surgery, implant placement and anaesthetic block.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the most accurate position of the mental foramen by using new assessment approach in a sample of dental patients presenting to the specialist dental clinic, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. Read More

    Dentists' use of digital radiographic techniques: Part I - intraoral X-ray: a questionnaire study of Swedish dentists.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 11:1-8. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    d Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences , Örebro University , Örebro , Sweden.
    Objective: The present study aims to gain knowledge about the dentist's use and choice of digital intraoral imaging methods.

    Materials And Methods: A questionnaire sent to 2481 dentists within the Swedish Dental Society contained questions about the type of X-ray technique used, problems experienced with digital radiography, and reasons for choosing digital technology, and about indications, clinic size and type of service. Response rate was 53%. Read More

    The effect of menopause on the relationship between hyperlipidemia and periodontal disease via salivary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and myeloperoxidase levels.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 6:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    c Endocrinologist , Private Practice , Isparta , Turkey.
    Objective: Impairment of the lipid metabolism could affect the periodontal disease; increased oxidative stress may have a role in this relationship. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of menopause in the relationship between hyperlipidemia and periodontal disease via oxidative stress markers in saliva.

    Materials And Methods: Sixty-seven women were enrolled in the study and divided into four groups as systemically healthy and premenopause (C) (n = 18), hyperlipidemia and premenopause (H) (n = 16), systemically healthy and postmenopause (M) (n = 17), and hyperlipidemia and postmenopause (MH) (n = 16). Read More

    Facilitators and barriers to referral compliance among dental patients with increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 6:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    a Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry , Hacettepe University , Ankara , Turkey.
    Objective: Our aims were to determine the adherence rate to dentist referrals for sleep apnea evaluation and the barriers and facilitators to referral compliance.

    Material And Methods: A sample of 1099 patients was screened with the STOP-Bang questionnaire. Those with elevated risk were referred for a sleep evaluation. Read More

    Assessment of cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of conventional and whitening kinds of toothpaste on oral mucosa cells.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 29:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
    d Division for Mutagenesis , Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health , Zagreb , Croatia.
    Objective: This study aimed to evaluate possible DNA damages to oral epithelial cells exposed to whitening kinds of toothpaste considering the effect of conventional non-whitening toothpaste.

    Materials And Methods: Sixty volunteers were assigned into three experimental groups, each of them using a different regular toothpaste for the initial 2 months, followed by the use of whitening kind of toothpaste of the same brand for next 2 months. The oral epithelial cells were sampled prior and 30, 60, 90 and 120 days after the beginning of the use of tested kinds of toothpaste. Read More

    The anti-inflammatory effect of locally delivered nano-doxycycline gel in therapy of chronic periodontitis.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 29:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
    a Department of Preventive Dental Sciences , University of Dammam , Dammam , Saudi Arabia.
    Background And Objective: To date, various drugs as host modulating agents had been suggested as adjunctive treatment modality in the therapy of chronic periodontal disease. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effect of subgingivally delivered nanostructured doxycycline gel (nDOX) was evaluated and compared to conventional doxycycline gel (DOX) used as adjunct to scaling and root planning (SRP) in the treatment of moderate chronic periodontitis to reduce probing pocket depth.

    Material And Methods: Nanostructured doxycycline gel (nDOX) was prepared using spray-drying technique with chitosan (CH) as a matrix polymer, followed by dispersion in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Read More

    Quantitative sensory testing (QST) in the orofacial region of healthy Chinese: influence of site, gender and age.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 28:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    f Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function , Aarhus University , Aarhus , Denmark.
    Objective: To establish a preliminary thermal and mechanical somatosensory profile using a standardized quantitative sensory testing (QST) to investigate site, gender and age differences in healthy Chinese.

    Materials And Methods: Twenty younger (age: 20-40 years, 10 men, 10 women) and twenty older (age: 41-61 years, 10 men, 10 women) healthy participants completed the study. Cold detection threshold (CDT), warm detection threshold (WDT), cold pain threshold (CPT), heat pain threshold (HPT), mechanical detection threshold (MDT) and mechanical pain threshold (MPT) were measured at five sites: Left hand, bilaterally at the mental area, tip of tongue and the lower lip mucosa. Read More

    Detection and characterization of the accessory mental foramen using cone-beam computed tomography.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 28:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    d Department of Orthodontics , Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine , Shanghai , PR China.
    Objective: This study aimed to investigate the frequency and characteristics of accessory mental foramina (AMFs) and their bony canals in a selected Chinese population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

    Materials And Methods: Reconstructed CBCT images of the mandible in 784 Chinese patients (305 males and 479 females) were retrospectively analysed to identify the AMF. The presence, dimension and location of the AMF as well as the origin and course of the associated bony canal were evaluated and classified. Read More

    Maxillary sinus lift using osteoinductive simvastatin combined with β-TCP versus β-TCP - a comparative pilot study to evaluate simvastatin enhanced and accelerated bone formation.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 27:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    a Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department , Cairo University , Cairo , Egypt.
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate available bone quality and quantity after performing sinus augmentation using simvastatin/β-TCP combination versus β-TCP alone.

    Materials And Methods: This study included eight sinus lift procedures conducted on six patients. The sinuses were divided into two equal groups. Read More

    Are periodontal outcomes affected by personality patterns? A 18-month follow-up study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 26:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    f Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences , University of Modena and Reggio Emilia , Modena , Italy.
    Objectives: This research aims to study the relationship between personality traits and periodontal clinical outcomes by taking into account the level of anxiety and depression, periodontal health and oral hygiene behaviour of patients affected with gingivitis or moderate periodontitis requiring periodontal therapy.

    Material And Methods: The periodontal data of 40 systemically healthy patients affected by gingivitis or moderate periodontitis were collected at baseline and 18 months later. The psychological variables, dental awareness and adherence intent of the patients were assessed through questionnaires, and only those patients that exhibited a higher degree of compliance were included in the study. Read More

    Quantitative sensory testing for assessment of somatosensory function in human oral mucosa: a review.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 20:1-8. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    e Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health , Aarhus University , Aarhus , Denmark.
    Objective: This narrative review provides an overview of the quantitative sensory testing (QST) to assess somatosensory function in human oral mucosa.

    Material And Methods: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database to identify studies in vivo on human oral mucosa using QST methods. A list of 149 articles was obtained and screened. Read More

    Clinical and patient reported outcomes of bleaching effectiveness.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 11:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    a Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine , University of Zagreb , Zagreb , Croatia.
    Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate clinical and patient reported outcomes of different bleaching products.

    Materials And Methods: Thirty participants were randomly divided into three bleaching groups (n = 10). Bleaching was performed with high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (HP) - Boost (40%) and Dash (30%), and with prefabricated splints Bite&White (6% HP). Read More

    Exploring the association of dental care utilization with oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) - a prospective study of ageing people in Norway and Sweden.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 10:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 10.
    a Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry , University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.
    Objectives: To explore the association of dental health care utilization with oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) across time focusing ageing Norwegian and Swedish adults adjusting for predisposing, enabling, and need related-factors as defined by Andersen's model.

    Methods: Data were based on Norwegian and Swedish 1942 birth-cohorts conducted in 2007 (age 65) and 2012 (age 70). In Norway, the response rates ranged from 54% to 58%. Read More

    Evaluation of scalp hair nickel and chromium level changes in patients with fixed orthodontic appliance: a one-year follow-up study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 9:1-5. Epub 2017 Sep 9.
    d Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Health Research institute , Babol University of Medical Sciences , Babol , Iran.
    Background And Objectives: The release of metal ions from orthodontic appliances is part of the dissolution and biomechanical processes of alloys. Nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr) are the elements commonly used in the manufacture of various components of fixed orthodontic appliances, including bands, brackets and wires. This study was aimed to measure the Ni and Cr ions levels in the scalp hair of patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances in comparison of the control group. Read More

    Odontogenic sinusitis: a comprehensive review.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 6;75(8):623-633. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    a PostGraduate Program in Dentistry , Estácio de Sá University , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.
    Odontogenic sinusitis (OS) is a highly prevalent, underappreciated and underdiagnosed disease that has been known for over 100 years. Apical periodontitis, periodontal disease and iatrogenic extrusion of foreign bodies into the sinus are the main causes of OS. Although the prevalence of sinus pathosis of dental origin is still controversial, otolaryngologists recognize that in the presence of recalcitrant sinusitis, a dental origin should be considered and properly treated. Read More

    The effect of supervised exercise on localized TMD pain and TMD pain associated with generalized pain.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Sep 4:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    a Department of Odontology/Clinical Oral Physiology , Umeå University, Umeå , Sweden.
    Objectives: To evaluate the effect of a supervised exercise program in patients with localized/regional temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain and with TMD associated with generalized pain.

    Material And Methods: Consecutively referred patients with localized/regional TMD pain (n = 56; 46 women and 10 men, mean age 44 years) and TMD associated with generalized pain (n = 21; 21 women, mean age 41 years) participated. Patients underwent a 10-session structured supervised exercise program over 10-20 weeks that included relaxation, and coordination and resistance training of the jaw and neck/shoulders. Read More

    Cytokine profile in gingival crevicular fluid and plasma of patients with aggressive periodontitis.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 3;75(8):616-622. Epub 2017 Sep 3.
    a Department of Clinical Dentistry - Periodontics , University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.
    Objective: This study aimed to determine the content of cytokines in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) as well as in plasma of Sudanese patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and healthy controls (HC).

    Materials And Methods: Nineteen AgP patients and 19 HC were included. The mean probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level of the GCF sampled sites in patients were both ≥5 mm. Read More

    Associations of alveolar bone loss and interleukin-1β levels in one- and two-stage surgical procedures: a randomized prospective trial.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 21;75(8):608-615. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
    h Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry , Hacettepe University , Ankara , Turkey.
    Objective: Dental implants have been widely and successfully used in recent years as an alternative treatment for removable and fixed dental prostheses. The aim of this randomized prospective study was to determine the alveolar bone loss rate (ABLR) and IL-1β levels in one- and two-stage surgical procedures.

    Materials And Methods: This study included 40 patients with a single missing tooth in the posterior mandible; dental implants were inserted using a one-stage surgical procedure (Group I) or a two-stage surgical procedure (Group II). Read More

    Effects of calcitonin on orthodontic tooth movement and associated root resorption in rats.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 17;75(8):595-602. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    b Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery , Second Affiliated Hospital Harbin Medical University , Harbin , P.R. China.
    Objectives: Our main aim was to evaluate the effects of calcitonin (CT) on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and orthodontic root resorption in a rat model.

    Material And Methods: Eighty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups. Rats in the negative control group were not given any appliances or injections. Read More

    Dentoalveolar oral surgery in children and adolescents: organization and surgical treatment in a large, Danish municipal dental service.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 13;75(8):603-607. Epub 2017 Aug 13.
    b Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Section for Pediatric Dentistry , Faculty of Health, Aarhus University , Aarhus , Denmark.
    Objective: To describe a population-based organization of dentoalveolar surgical service for 0 to 18-year old subjects in a Danish municipal dental service, and analyze the type of dentoalveolar surgical interventions needed.

    Material And Methods: The study was conducted in the Municipality of Aarhus, Denmark during five consecutive school-years. An internal referral system was established within the municipality where patients could be referred to colleagues with a higher level of competencies and more experiences with paediatric dentoalveolar surgery. Read More

    Electromagnetic interference of dental equipment with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 11;75(8):584-587. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    a Department of Clinical Dentistry, School of Dentistry , Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.
    Objective: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are subject to electromagnetic interference (EMI). The aim of this study was to assess both the EMI of dental equipments with ICDs and related factors.

    Materials And Methods: High- and low-speed handpieces, an electric toothbrush, an implant motor and two types of ultrasonic devices were tested next to an ICD with different sensitivity settings. Read More

    Manual tracing versus smartphone application (app) tracing: a comparative study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 9;75(8):588-594. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    a Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry , Istanbul Medipol University , Istanbul , Turkey.
    Objective: This study aimed to compare the results of conventional manual cephalometric tracing with those acquired with smartphone application cephalometric tracing.

    Materials And Methods: The cephalometric radiographs of 55 patients (25 females and 30 males) were traced via the manual and app methods and were subsequently examined with Steiner's analysis. Five skeletal measurements, five dental measurements and two soft tissue measurements were managed based on 21 landmarks. Read More

    Profiling of smokers and snuffers among young Finnish men - cross-sectional epidemiological study().
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 8;75(8):577-583. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    b Medical Research Center , Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu University Hospital , Oulu , Finland.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to get new information from several sources about the background factors of Finnish smokers, snuffers, and dual users. Profiles of young smokers and snuffers were investigated in association with restorative treatment need, oral hygiene, eating habits, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), psychological and socioeconomic factors.

    Material And Methods: The study group comprised 3420 conscripts. Read More

    Associations between ectodermal dysplasia, psychological distress and quality of life in a group of adults with oligodontia.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 28;75(8):564-572. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    c Faculty of Social Sciences , Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences , Oslo , Norway.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess demographics, self-reported signs of ectodermal dysplasia (problems with hair, nails, skin and sweat glands), present teeth, previous dental treatment, psychological distress and QoL in individuals with oligodontia, and to explore the associations between these factors. We also aimed to compare the level of psychological distress and QoL between the study group and normative samples.

    Methods: Forty-seven individuals with oligodontia registered at a resource centre in Norway were included in the study. Read More

    Diagnostic accuracy of phosphor plate systems and conventional radiography in the detection of simulated internal root resorption.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 28;75(8):573-576. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    a Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology , Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas , Piracicaba , Brazil.
    Objective: To evaluate the performance of conventional radiography and photostimulable phosphor (PSP) plate in the detection of simulated internal root resorption (IRR) lesions in early stages.

    Materials And Methods: Twenty single-rooted teeth were X-rayed before and after having a simulated IRR early lesion. Three imaging systems were used: Kodak InSight dental film and two PSPs digital systems, Digora Optime and VistaScan. Read More

    Is caries equally distributed in adults? A population-based cross-sectional study in Norway - the TOHNN-study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 28;75(8):557-563. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    a The Public Dental Health Service Competence Centre of Northern Norway , Tromsø , Norway.
    Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence and distribution of dental caries in an adult population and identify factors associated with being caries free.

    Material And Methods: Data were collected from a randomized population sample in Northern Norway (N = 1932; 988 women; mean age 47.0 years, SD 15. Read More

    Validation of the salivary urea and creatinine tests as screening methods of chronic kidney disease in Vietnamese patients.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 20;75(8):551-556. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    a Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology , University of Medicine and Pharmacy , Ho Chi Minh City , Vietnam.
    Objectives: The aims of this case control study were to correlate the serum and salivary urea as well as creatinine levels; and to evaluate salivary urea and creatinine as noninvasive alternatives to serum for creatinine estimation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.

    Methods: Blood and saliva samples were collected from 112 CKD patients and 108 subjects without CKD for quantitative analysis of urea and creatinine. Spearman's correlation coefficients between salivary and serum urea as well as creatinine were obtained. Read More

    Comparison of two different techniques used for the maintenance of peri-implant soft tissue health: a pilot randomized clinical trial.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 17;75(7):542-549. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    a Department of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology , Dublin Dental University Hospital Trinity College , Dublin , Ireland.
    Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of two different methods of debridement on maintaining and improving peri-implant soft tissue health over a period of 12 months.

    Materials And Methods: Twenty adult patients (25 implants) were enrolled in a randomized, single-blinded, parallel group clinical trial. All implants included showed no signs of pathologic bone loss. Read More

    Effect of local zoledronate delivery on osseointegration: a systematic review of preclinical studies.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 14;75(7):530-541. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    a Department of General Dentistry , Eastman Institute for Oral Health, University of Rochester , Rochester , NY , USA.
    Purpose: The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the effect of local zoledronate (ZOL) delivery (topical or as implant surface coatings) on osseointegration.

    Materials And Methods: In this systematic review, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. To address the focused question, 'Does local zoledronate delivery enhance osseointegration?' indexed databases were searched without time or language restrictions up to and including April 2017 using various combination of the following keywords: 'zoledronate', 'bisphosphonates', 'osseointegration' and 'topical administration'. Read More

    Attitudes and behavioural factors relating to toothbrushing and the use of fluoride toothpaste among caries-active Swedish adolescents - a questionnaire study.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 12;75(7):483-487. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    b Emeritus Professor at the University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to identify attitudes and behaviour relating to fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushing habits among caries-active Swedish adolescents.

    Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study is based on an earlier clinical, two-year toothpaste intervention study. At the last appointment, 206 adolescents (of 211) answered a questionnaire comprising nine semi-closed questions. Read More

    Effects of polyhexamethylene guanidine phosphate on human gingival fibroblasts.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 12;75(7):524-529. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    a Department of Dental Medicine, Division of Periodontology , Karolinska Institutet , Huddinge , Sweden.
    Objective: Polyhexamethylene guanidine phosphate (PHMG-P) was compared to chlorhexidine (CHX) in order to determine potential cytotoxic and immune-modulatory effects on human gingival fibroblasts.

    Materials And Methods: Cytotoxic effects of PHMG-P and CHX on human gingival fibroblasts were assessed using cell viability assay at various time points and concentrations. The effects of PHMG-P and CHX on the secretion of prostaglandin (PG) E2, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 by non-stimulated or IL-1β stimulated fibroblasts were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Read More

    Patterns of drugs prescribed for dental outpatients in Nigeria: findings and implications.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 11;75(7):496-506. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    c Department of Dentistry, College of Medicine , Ekiti State University , Ado-Ekiti , Nigeria.
    Objectives: There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. Read More

    Systemic effects of H2S inhalation at human equivalent dose of pathologic halitosis on rats.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 11;75(7):517-523. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    a Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry , Cumhuriyet University , Sivas , Türkiye.
    Objectives: Halitosis is composed by hundreds of toxic gases. It is still not clear whether halitosis gases self-inhaled by halitosis patients cause side effects. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of H2S inhalation at a low concentration (human equivalent dose of pathologic halitosis) on rats. Read More

    Cyclic stretch-induced the cytoskeleton rearrangement and gene expression of cytoskeletal regulators in human periodontal ligament cells.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2017 Oct 6;75(7):507-516. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
    a Department of Prosthodontics , Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine , Shanghai , China.
    Objective: This study aimed to explore the mechanism of the stretch-induced cell realignment and cytoskeletal rearrangement by identifying several mechanoresponsive genes related to cytoskeletal regulators in human PDL cells.

    Material And Methods: After the cells were stretched by 1, 10 and 20% strains for 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 or 24 h, the changes of the morphology and content of microfilaments were recorded and calculated. Read More

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