Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    9586 results match your criteria Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica[Journal]

    1 OF 192

    Mechanical oscillations superimposed on the pelvic floor muscles during Kegel exercises reduce urine leakage in women suffering from stress urinary incontinence: a prospective cohort study with a two-year follow-up.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.
    Women's Health and Perinatology Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, UiT-The Artic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Introduction: New methods of conservative treatment of female stress urinary continence are needed. We investigated whether superimposed vibration mechanosignals during Kegel exercises could reduce the amount of urinary leakage after four and six weeks of training.

    Material And Methods: Sixty women with stress urinary continence were included in this prospective cohort study. Read More

    Intervention thresholds and cesarean section rates: a time-trends analysis.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jun 14. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
    Obstetrics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
    Introduction: In order to improve understanding of rising cesarean section (CS) rates in the UK, this study assessed the relation between clinician thresholds for performing CS for delayed labor progress or suspected fetal distress and corresponding CS rates in Aberdeen, UK.

    Material And Methods: Time-trends analysis of term births from 1988 to 2012 in a population of nulliparous women (n=53 745) in Aberdeen, UK using Chi-square test for trend, and binary logistic regression. Data was obtained from the Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank. Read More

    Maternal snuff use and cotinine in late pregnancy -a validation study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jun 14. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
    Neuropediatric Unit, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introduction: Oral moist snuff is widely used in Sweden also in pregnancy. Maternal snuff use has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes in epidemiological studies. Self-reported maternal snuff use has not been validated previously. Read More

    Gynecological cancer patients' attitudes toward follow-up care after cancer treatment. Do preferences reflect patients' experience? A cross-sectional questionnaire study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jun 12. Epub 2018 Jun 12.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sørlandet Hospital Kristiansand, Norway.
    Introduction: Due to an increasing number of cancer patients, new follow-up models are being debated, among them follow-up by general practitioners. Before changing surveillance, patients' views are important to explore. The purpose of this study was to compare attitudes toward follow-up care among patients treated for gynecological cancer who had not yet started a follow-up regimen to those who had been attending a hospital-based follow-up regimen for >1 year. Read More

    Ovulation induction in polycystic ovary syndrome.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
    Department of Reproductive Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    The objective of this narrative review is to suggest a rational order of treatment choices in anovulatory women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), for whom a multitude of treatment options exist. In obese/overweight PCOS patients the importance of weight reduction should be stressed. Inositol, a dietary supplement with a documented effect on ovulation and without side effects in the doses recommended, may be suggested. Read More

    Customized fetal growth standard compared to the Intergrowth-21st Century standard at predicting small-for gestational age neonates.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jun 7. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA.
    Introduction: The Intergrowth-21st project (IG-21) was recently performed aiming to provide a universal benchmark for comparing fetal growth across different ethnicities. Our aim was to compare the IG-21 with a customized standard for predicting pregnancies at risk for neonatal small for gestational age (SGA) and adverse outcomes.

    Material And Methods: This was a prospective cohort study including singleton pregnancies presenting for fetal growth assessment between 26 and 36 weeks gestation. Read More

    The association of maternal country of birth and education with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a population-based study of 960 516 deliveries in Norway.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
    Department of Obstetrics, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway.
    Introduction: Previous studies estimating the association of maternal country of birth and education with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have shown conflicting results. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of HDP and estimate the association of maternal country of birth and education level with preeclampsia/eclampsia and gestational hypertension in Norway.

    Material And Methods: We performed a population-based observational cohort study linking two population datasets: The Medical Birth Registry of Norway and Statistics Norway (SSB). Read More

    Increased cardiovascular disease risk in women with a history of recurrent miscarriage.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 28. Epub 2018 May 28.
    Department of Obstetrics Birth Center Wilhelmina's Children Hospital, Division Women and Baby, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women. Observational studies suggest that women with a history of recurrent miscarriage have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

    Material And Methods: Women who visited the recurrent miscarriage clinic at Leiden University Medical Center between 2000 and 2010 and who had their third consecutive miscarriage before the age of 31 years, were invited to participate in this follow-up study (between 2012 and 2014). Read More

    An evaluation by the Norwegian Health Care Supervision Authorities of events involving death or injuries in maternity care.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 28. Epub 2018 May 28.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Clinical Medicine, The University Hospital of North Norway, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Introduction: We aimed to determine how serious adverse events in obstetrics were assessed by supervision authorities.

    Material And Methods: We selected cases investigated by supervision authorities during 2009-2013. We analyzed information about who reported the event, the outcomes of the mother and infant, and whether events resulted from errors at the individual or system level. Read More

    Fetal heart rate short term variation during labor in relation to scalp blood lactate concentration.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 25. Epub 2018 May 25.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introduction: Fetal heart rate short term variation (STV) decreases with severe chronic hypoxia in the antenatal period. However, only limited research has been done on STV during labor. We have tested a novel algorithm for a valid baseline estimation and calculated STV. Read More

    Cervical cancer staging, pretreatment planning and surgical treatment in the Nordic countries - survey from the Surgical Subcommittee of the Nordic Society of Gynecological Oncology.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 24. Epub 2018 May 24.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
    Introduction: Cervical cancer patients in the Nordic countries are increasingly undergoing pretreatment imaging by ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), position emission tomography - computed tomography (PET-CT) or computed tomography, or sentinel lymph node (SLN) procedure. The present survey reports the influence of pretreatment imaging findings on the recorded clinical International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage in Nordic countries and its impact on treatment planning and preferred surgical approach in cervical cancer.

    Material And Methods: The Nordic Society of Gynecologic Oncology (NSGO) Surgical Subcommittee developed a questionnaire-based survey that was conducted from 1 January to 31 March 2017. Read More

    Outcome of extremely preterm infants after iatrogenic or spontaneous birth.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 24. Epub 2018 May 24.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Introduction: The risks of preterm birth are known. We investigated the perinatal and infant mortality and morbidity after iatrogenic or spontaneous onset of extremely preterm birth.

    Material And Methods: The present study used data from the population-based EXPRESS study comprising all infants delivered before 27+0 gestational weeks in Sweden between 2004 and 2007. Read More

    Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in detecting the depth of invasion in women at risk of abnormally invasive placenta: a prospective longitudinal study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 25. Epub 2018 May 25.
    Women's Health and Perinatology Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø.
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in detecting the depth of abnormally invasive placenta in women at risk.

    Material And Methods: Prospective longitudinal study including women with placenta previa and at least one prior caesarean delivery or uterine surgery. Depth of abnormally invasive placenta was defined as the degree of trophoblastic invasion through the myometrium and assessed on histopathological analysis. Read More

    Termination of pregnancy following a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome: A qualitative study of the decision-making process of pregnant couples.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 23. Epub 2018 May 23.
    Center for Fetal Diagnostics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Introduction: In Denmark, first trimester screening has a very high uptake (>90%). If Down syndrome is diagnosed, termination rates are high (>95%). The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of the decision to terminate pregnancy following a diagnosis of Down syndrome and the factors influencing this decision. Read More

    Survival after secondary cytoreductive surgery and chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone for first recurrence in patients with platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer and no residuals after primary treatment. A registry-based study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 22. Epub 2018 May 22.
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population-based Cancer Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Introduction: To investigate whether secondary cytoreductive surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy improved survival among patients with recurrent, platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer compared with those who received platinum-based chemotherapy alone, and to identify possible predictors for selection to secondary cytoreductive surgery.

    Material And Methods: We included 397 patients who had a primary diagnosis of FIGO stage I-IV epithelial ovarian cancer recorded in the Cancer Registry of Norway between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2012, received primary surgery with no residuals followed by platinum-based chemotherapy, had first recurrence six or more months after completion of primary platinum-based chemotherapy, and received secondary treatment with either secondary cytoreductive surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy (secondary cytoreductive surgery+platinum-based chemotherapy group) or platinum-based chemotherapy alone (platinum-based chemotherapy group). Outcomes were progression-free survival to second recurrence or death and overall survival. Read More

    Assessment of lactate production as a response to sustained intrapartum hypoxia in large-for-gestational-age newborns.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 22. Epub 2018 May 22.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Skåne University Hospital, Institution of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmö.
    Introduction: Lactate concentration in umbilical cord blood is an important measure of intrapartum anaerobic metabolism. The aim of the study was to compare lactate production of large-for-gestational-age (LGA) fetuses against appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) fetuses during hypoxia, in diabetic and non-diabetic mothers.

    Material And Methods: 17 358 validated paired arterial and venous umbilical cord blood samples taken at birth with a full panel of pH, glucose and lactate were analyzed relative to LGA (n=2789) and AGA (n=14 569). Read More

    Assessment of cerebral perfusion and edema in preeclampsia with intravoxel incoherent motion MRI.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 22. Epub 2018 May 22.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Introduction: Cerebral complications are the main reasons for morbidity and mortality in preeclampsia and eclampsia. As yet, we do not know whether the pathophysiology entails hypo- or hyperperfusion of the brain, or how and when edema emerges, due to the difficulty of examining the cerebral circulation.

    Material And Methods: We have used a non-invasive diffusion weighted-magnetic resonance imaging technique, intravoxel incoherent motion, to study cerebral perfusion on the capillary level and cerebral edema in women with preeclampsia (n = 30), normal pregnancy (n = 32), and non-pregnant women (n = 16). Read More

    Lifetime number of years of menstruation as a risk index for postmenopausal endometrial cancer in the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 21. Epub 2018 May 21.
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Introduction: Lifetime number of years of menstruation (LNYM) reflects a woman's cumulative exposure to endogenous estrogen and can be used as a measure of the combined effect of reproductive factors related to endometrial cancer (EC) risk.

    Material And Methods: We aimed to study the association between LNYM and EC risk among postmenopausal women and calculate the population attributable fraction of EC for different LNYM categories. Our study sample consisted of 117 589 women from the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Study. Read More

    Reducing the number of obstetrical beds by challenging traditions.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    The aim of this commentary is to describe changes in women's care at an obstetric department that made it possible to reduce the number of beds from 40 to 29. Patient pathways were reviewed and revised using lean methodology. The mean length of stay was reduced from 70 to 59 h and the mean numbers of hospitalizations per woman from 1. Read More

    Maternal plasma leptin levels in relation to the duration of the active phase of labor.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 17. Epub 2018 May 17.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Introduction: Obese women have increased leptin levels and longer duration of labor compared to normal weight women. Leptin has an inhibitory effect on myometrial contractility in vitro. Our purpose was to examine whether maternal leptin levels in active labor were associated with the duration of the active phase of labor. Read More

    Oxycodone pharmacokinetics and fetal exposure after intravenous or epidural administration to the ewe.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 17. Epub 2018 May 17.
    Department of Anesthesia and Operative Services, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.
    Introduction: There are limited data on oxycodone pharmacokinetics during pregnancy and on fetal exposure after maternal administration. The present study describes the pharmacokinetics of intravenous (i.v. Read More

    Delivery outcome after trial of labor in nulliparous women over 40 years of age - a population-based study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 17. Epub 2018 May 17.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm.
    Introduction: An increasing proportion of nulliparous women are over 40 years and labor is more often induced. The aim of this study was to assess delivery outcome in women over 40 years, accounting for the interaction between age and induction.

    Material And Methods: Population-based study of 1 644 598 nulliparous women with live singleton cephalic term deliveries 1992 to 2011. Read More

    Fetal rotation during vacuum extractions for prolonged labor: a prospective cohort study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.
    National Center for Fetal Medicine, Trondheim University Hospital (St Olavs Hospital), Trondheim, Norway.
    Introduction: The aim of the study was to investigate fetal head rotation during vacuum extraction.

    Material And Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study from November 2013 to July 2016 in seven European hospitals. Fetal head position was determined with transabdominal or transperineal ultrasound and categorized as occiput anterior (OA), occiput transverse (OT) or occiput posterior (OP) position. Read More

    Validation of a computerized algorithm to quantify fetal heart rate deceleration area.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introduction: Reliability in visual cardiotocography interpretation is unsatisfying, which has led to the development of computerized cardiotocography. Computerized analysis is well established for antenatal fetal surveillance but has yet not performed sufficiently during labor. We aimed to investigate the capacity of a new computerized algorithm compared with visual assessment in identifying intrapartum fetal heart rate baseline and decelerations. Read More

    Influence of pregnancy on cardiac function and hemodynamics in women with Ebstein's anomaly.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Division of Adult Congenital Heart Disease Pathophysiology and Life-long Care, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Introduction: We examined the perinatal outcomes and right ventricular function before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and after delivery in women with Ebstein's anomaly.

    Material And Methods: We retrospectively investigated the clinical course and mode of delivery and monitored hemodynamic parameters throughout pregnancy in 17 women with Ebstein's anomaly who delivered at our institution during the period of 1995-2015.

    Results: Eight women, including nine pregnancies, underwent elective cesarean section, and nine women, including 14 pregnancies, underwent vaginal delivery. Read More

    Gestation at birth, mode of birth, infant feeding and childhood hospitalization with infection.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.
    Menzies Centre for Health Policy, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Introduction: Infections are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in preschool children. We aimed to assess the impact of the co-occurrence of cesarean section, early birth and formula feeding on hospitalization with infection in early childhood.

    Material And Methods: Population-based retrospective record-linkage cohort study of 488 603 singleton livebirths ≥32 weeks' gestational age in New South Wales, Australia, 2007-2012. Read More

    Questionnaire-based evaluation of sexual life after laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis: a systematic review of prospective studies.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 12. Epub 2018 May 12.
    Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
    Introduction: Endometriosis is a benign disease that affects women of reproductive age. Laparoscopic excision of endometriotic implants is considered one of the most effective therapeutic options. The disease and its treatment can have a major impact on psychosexual well-being but this is often overlooked as most studies focus on pain instead of sexuality in a holistic approach. Read More

    Comparison of transvaginal ultrasound and saline contrast sonohysterography in evaluation of cesarean scar defect: a prospective cohort study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 12. Epub 2018 May 12.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of post-cesarean isthmocele and to measure agreement between transvaginal ultrasonography and saline contrast sonohysterography in assessment of isthmocele.

    Material And Methods: A prospective observational cohort study was carried out at Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Non-pregnant women delivered by cesarean section (n = 371) were examined with transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) and sonohysterography (SHG) six months after cesarean section. Read More

    Predicting stress urinary incontinence during pregnancy: combination of pelvic floor ultrasound parameters and clinical factors.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 12. Epub 2018 May 12.
    Department of Nursing, Shenzhen hospital Southern Medical University, Shenzhen, Guangdong.
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a predictive tool that combining pelvic floor ultrasound parameters and clinical factors for stress urinary incontinence during pregnancy.

    Material And Methods: A total of 535 women in first or second trimester were included for an interview and transperineal ultrasound assessment from two hospitals. Imaging data sets were analyzed offline to assess for bladder neck vertical position, urethra angles (α, β, and γ angles), hiatal area and bladder neck funneling. Read More

    Endometriosis and adenomyosis are associated with increased risk of preterm delivery and a small-for-gestational-age child: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 12. Epub 2018 May 12.
    Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Introduction: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the risk of preterm delivery and having a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) child in women with endometriosis and adenomyosis compared with women without these two diseases.

    Material And Methods: Studies on endometriosis or adenomyosis and risk of preterm delivery and/or SGA infant were included. The systematic search was conducted for all published articles in PubMed and Embase published from 1950 to 2017 using specific search terms. Read More

    Antenatal risk factors associated with neonatal morbidity in large-for-gestational-age infants: an international prospective cohort study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 12. Epub 2018 May 12.
    Department of Women and Children's Health, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College, London, UK.
    Introduction: Large-for-gestational-age infants are associated with increased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, most of them will not have adverse outcomes. Our aim was to identify antenatal clinical factors associated with neonatal morbidity in large-for-gestational-age infants. Read More

    A prospective study of female genital chronic graft-versus-host disease symptoms, signs, diagnosis and treatment.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 12. Epub 2018 May 12.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska Academy at Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Introduction: Female genital chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) is a complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) for blood malignancies. Unattended inflammation and fibrosis in the vulva and vagina may lead to total vaginal stenosis. The course and treatment of genital cGvHD was observed in this population-based prospective study. Read More

    Maternal diabetes alters the development of ductus venosus shunting in the fetus.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 11. Epub 2018 May 11.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Introduction: Despite adequate glycemic control, the risks of fetal macrosomia and perinatal complications are increased in diabetic pregnancies. Adjustments of the umbilical venous distribution, including increased ductus venosus shunting, can be important fetal compensatory mechanisms, but the impact of pregestational diabetes on umbilical venous and ductus venosus flow is not known.

    Material And Methods: In this prospective study, 49 women with pregestational diabetes mellitus underwent monthly ultrasound examinations from gestational week 20 to 36. Read More

    What is the effect of physical activity on duration and mode of delivery? Secondary analysis from the Norwegian Fit for Delivery trial.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jul 9;97(7):861-871. Epub 2018 May 9.
    Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Introduction: The beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy for the mother and offspring have been reported by several studies but there are conflicting results concerning the possible effect of physical activity on the course of labor and risk of cesarean delivery. This study presents secondary analyses from the Norwegian Fit for Delivery randomized controlled trial, aiming at studying the effect of a lifestyle intervention including group exercise classes, as well as the possible influence of physical activity level in late pregnancy, on labor outcomes.

    Material And Methods: Healthy nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy were randomized to an intervention group, n = 303 (dietary counseling and twice-weekly exercise classes) or a control group, n = 303 (standard care). Read More

    The effect of parity on risk of complications in pregnant women with epilepsy: a population-based cohort study.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 May 2. Epub 2018 May 2.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Introduction: Women with epilepsy have increased risk of complications in pregnancy with consequences for the mother and child. There are no studies on the influence of parity on complications in women with epilepsy.

    Material And Methods: This was a population-based cohort study of all first and second births in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway 1999-2013. Read More

    Efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin on the outcomes of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection pregnancy in non-thrombophilic women: a meta-analysis.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Apr 27. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.
    Introduction: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of low-molecular-weight heparin on pregnancy outcomes in women without thrombophilia during in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment.

    Material And Methods: We searched Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane and CNKI (from inception to 2 February 2018). Our study identified randomized controlled trials or quasi-randomized controlled trials comparing low-molecular-weight heparin subcutaneous treatment with no treatment or only luteal support control. Read More

    Maternal deaths from hypertensive disorders: lessons learnt.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Women's Health, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Introduction: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy have been the most frequent cause of maternal death in Norway since 1996 and are strongly associated with substandard care. In the UK, the number of maternal deaths due to hypertensive disorders has decreased drastically due to the implementation of updated guidelines, indicating a potential for reducing the number of deaths in other countries as well. Through audits of maternal deaths, we aim to prevent future deaths from hypertensive disorders in pregnancy by identifying suboptimal factors in treatment. Read More

    Prediction models for the risk of spontaneous preterm birth based on maternal characteristics: a systematic review and independent external validation.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    Department of Epidemiology, Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Introduction: Prediction models may contribute to personalized risk-based management of women at high risk of spontaneous preterm delivery. Although prediction models are published frequently, often with promising results, external validation generally is lacking. We performed a systematic review of prediction models for the risk of spontaneous preterm birth based on routine clinical parameters. Read More

    Intrapartum fetal death and doctors: a qualitative exploration.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jul 21;97(7):890-898. Epub 2018 Apr 21.
    Pregnancy Loss Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
    Introduction: The death of an infant during a pregnancy is profoundly traumatic, both for the parents and for the involved healthcare professionals. Most research focuses on the impact of antenatal stillbirth with very little research examining the specific impact an intrapartum fetal death has on obstetricians. The aim of this study was to provide an in-depth qualitative exploration of the attitudes and responses that Irish obstetricians have following direct involvement with an intrapartum fetal death. Read More

    Increased single-balloon Foley catheter volume for induction of labor and time to delivery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Apr 1. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Introduction: Induction of labor is a common intervention. The objective was to investigate whether larger Foley catheter volumes for labor induction decrease the total time from induction to delivery.

    Material And Methods: Randomized controlled trials comparing larger single-balloon volumes (60-80 mL) during Foley catheter cervical ripening with usual volume (30 mL) in women undergoing labor induction were identified by searching electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, ClinicalTrials. Read More

    Treatment efficacy for idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss - a systematic review and meta-analyses.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Science, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Introduction: Medical treatment of women with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss is controversial. The objective was to assess the effects of different treatments on live birth rates and complications in women with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss.

    Material And Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Library, and identified 1415 publications. Read More

    1 OF 192