377 results match your criteria Acta Histochemica Et Cytochemica[Journal]


Label-free Assessment of the Nascent State of Rat Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Using Spontaneous Raman Microscopy.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Apr 22;55(2):57-66. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Pathology and Cell Regulation, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.

Spontaneous Raman microscopy, which can detect molecular vibrations in cells and tissues, could be a useful tool for the label-free assessment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, it is unclear whether it can be used to evaluate the nascent state of NAFLD. To address this, we analyzed the Raman spectra of rat liver tissues in the nascent state of NAFLD upon excitation at 532 nm. Read More

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Colonic Lymphoid Follicle Hyperplasia after Gastrectomy in Rats.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Apr 23;55(2):67-73. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Second Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama-shi, Wakayama 641-8510, Japan.

Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) of the human colon has been associated with multiple diseases and symptoms. Causes include food allergies, infections, inflammatory bowel disease, and immunodeficiency, and gastrectomy is not usually considered to be the etiology. Nine rats two weeks after total gastrectomy and 12 control rats were sacrificed and submitted for histological examination. Read More

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Specific Expression of KCC2 in the α Cells of Normal and Type 1 Diabetes Model Mouse Pancreatic Islets.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Feb 22;55(1):47-56. Epub 2022 Feb 22.

Department of Molecular Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Uehara 207, Nishihara, Okinawa, 903-0215, Japan.

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mature brain; however, it acts excitatory during development. This difference in action depends on the intracellular chloride ion concentration, primarily regulated by potassium chloride co-transporter2 (KCC2). Sufficient KCC2 expression results in its inhibitory action. Read More

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February 2022

Histomorphological Changes in a Rat Model of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and the Contribution of Stevia Leaf Extract in Modulating the Ovarian Fibrosis, VEGF, and TGF-β Immunoexpressions: Comparison with Metformin.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Feb 27;55(1):9-23. Epub 2022 Jan 27.

Research & Development Sector, The Holding Company for Biological Products and Vaccines (VACSERA), 51 Wezaret El-Zeraa St., Agouza, 22311, Giza, Egypt.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder of fertile females. It has been reported that stevia leaf extract (SLE) has antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic properties. Therefore, the current study hypothesized and investigated the role and mechanistic aspects of a natural sweetener; SLE in treating a rat model of letrozole-induced PCOS and to compare it with metformin. Read More

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February 2022

Immunolocalization of CD80 and CD86 in Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: CD80 as a Potent Prognostic Factor.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Feb 11;55(1):25-35. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Department of Pathology, Aizu Medical Center, Fukushima Medical University, Aizuwakamatsu, Japan.

It has been demonstrated that tumor cells express programed cell death protein 1 (PD-L1) to escape T lymphocytes that express programed cell protein 1 (PD-1), and PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors have been regarded in lung cancer patients. CD80 and CD86 are members of B7 superfamily which regulates T lymphocyte activation and tolerance. However, immunolocalization of CD80 and CD86 has not been examined in the lung carcinoma tissues and their clinical significance remains unknown. Read More

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February 2022

Histochemistry, Cytochemistry and Epigenetics.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Feb 11;55(1):1-7. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Division of Diagnostic Pathology, Ehime University Hospital.

Over the past few decades, many researchers have individually identified tumor-related genes, and have accumulated information on their basic research in a database. With the development of technology that can comprehensively test the expression status within a short time, oncogene panel testing has become attainable. On the other hand, changes in gene expression that do not depend on changes in base sequences, that is, epigenetics, or more comprehensively, epigenomes, are also highly involved in the development and progression of disease. Read More

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February 2022

Identification of Brain Regions Activated by Sevoflurane and Propofol and Regional Changes in Gene Expression.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Feb 22;55(1):37-46. Epub 2022 Feb 22.

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

General anesthetics have different efficacies and side effect incidences based on their mechanism of action. However, detailed comparative studies of anesthetics are incomplete. In this study, target brain regions and gene expression changes in these brain regions were determined for sevoflurane and propofol to understand the mechanisms that cause differences among anesthetics. Read More

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February 2022

Nuclear Expression of Pygo2 Correlates with Poorly Differentiated State Involving c-Myc, PCNA and Bcl9 in Myanmar Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Dec 21;54(6):195-206. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Department of Histology and Cell Biology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan.

In Myanmar, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is commonly seen in young adult and associated with poor prognosis, while the molecular mechanisms that characterize HCC in Myanmar are unknown. As co-activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling and c-Myc (Myc) are reported to associate with malignancy of HCC, we immunohistochemically investigated the expression of Pygo2 and Bcl9, the co-activators of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, Myc and PCNA in 60 cases of Myanmar HCC. Pygo2 expression was confirmed by hybridization. Read More

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December 2021

Differences in Regression Patterns of Complete and Incomplete Intestinal Metaplasia at Ten Years after Eradication.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Dec 18;54(6):185-194. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Yufu, Oita, Japan.

This study was conducted to reveal the reversibility of subtype of intestinal metaplasia (IM) and Paneth cells after eradication (HPE). Among 75 patients, we retrospectively examined the proportions of patients with complete type of IM (CIM), incomplete type of IM (IIM) and Paneth cells in their biopsy specimens obtained from the greater curvature of the antrum (A2) and the greater curvature of the middle corpus (B2) before and during a follow-up period of 10 years after HPE. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine IM type. Read More

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December 2021

The Visualization of Protein-Protein Interactions in Breast Cancer: Deployment Study in Pathological Examination.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Dec 18;54(6):177-183. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Department of Pathology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

The therapeutic strategy is determined by protein expression using immunohistochemistry of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) breast cancer tissues. However, few proteins function independently, and many of them functions due to protein-protein interactions (PPIs) with other proteins. Therefore, it is important to focus on PPIs. Read More

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December 2021

Effects of Endurance Exercise on Basement Membrane in the Soleus Muscle of Aged Rats.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Oct 27;54(5):167-175. Epub 2021 Oct 27.

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Ohnohigashi, Osakasayama 589-8511, Japan.

The basement membrane (BM)-related factors, including collagen IV, are important for the maintenance and recovery of skeletal muscles. Aging impairs the expression of BM-related factors during recovery after disuse atrophy. Muscle activity facilitates collagen synthesis that constitutes the BM. Read More

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October 2021

Tissue-specific Physical and Biological Microenvironments Modulate the Behavior of Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Oct 6;54(5):155-165. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, 5-1-1 Nabeshima, Saga, Saga 849-8501, Japan.

The mechanisms controlling the aggressiveness and survival of cervical SCC cells remain unclear. We investigated how the physical and biological microenvironments regulate the growth, apoptosis and invasiveness of cervical cancer cells. Dynamic flow and air exposure were evaluated as physical microenvironmental factors, and stromal fibroblasts were evaluated as a biological microenvironmental factor. Read More

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October 2021

ZMYM3 May Promote Cell Proliferation in Small Cell Lung Carcinoma.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Oct 2;54(5):143-153. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Department of Pathology and Experimental Medicine, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan.

Zinc finger, myeloproliferative, and mental retardation-type containing 3 (ZMYM3) is a highly conserved protein among vertebrates. Although it promotes DNA repair and moderate histone acetylation, the other functions of ZMYM3 remain unclear. We herein examined the physiological functions of ZMYM3 in human lung cancer using a -knockdown small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell line. Read More

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October 2021

Cold-induced Conversion of Connective Tissue Skeleton in Brown Adipose Tissues.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Oct 6;54(5):131-141. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Nanomaterials Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan.

Thermogenesis fatty acid-induced uncoupled mitochondrial respiration is the primary function of brown adipose tissue (BAT). In response to changes in ambient temperatures, the weight and specific gravity of BAT change, depending on the quantity of lipid droplets stored in brown adipocytes (BA). Such conditions should result in the reconstruction of connective tissue skeletons, especially of collagen fiber networks, although the mechanisms have not been clarified. Read More

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October 2021

Forkhead Box I1 in Breast Carcinoma as a Potent Prognostic Factor.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Aug 31;54(4):123-130. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Department of Pathology and Histotechnology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Forkhead box (FOX) proteins are family of transcriptional factors and regulate cell growth and differentiation as well as embryogenesis and longevity. Previous studies have demonstrated that several FOX members regulate growth or metastasis of breast carcinoma, but clinical significance of total FOX members remains unclear. We first examined associations between expression of 40 FOX genes and TNM status of 19 breast carcinoma using microarray data. Read More

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Decreased Gastric Gland Mucin-specific -glycans Are Involved in the Progression of Ovarian Primary Mucinous Tumours.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Aug 7;54(4):115-122. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Molecular Pathology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.

Ovarian primary mucinous tumours (OPMTs) show an adenoma-borderline-carcinoma sequence with gastrointestinal metaplasia. Gastric gland mucin-specific -glycans are unique with an α1,4-linked -acetylglucosamine (αGlcNAc) residue attached to mucin 6 (MUC6). Although αGlcNAc is expected to be expressed in OPMTs, the relationship between αGlcNAc expression and OPMT progression remains unknown. Read More

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Dexmedetomidine and Phosphocreatine Post-treatment Provides Protection against Focal Cerebral Ischemia-reperfusion Injury in Rats.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Aug 7;54(4):105-113. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China, No. 1 Swan Lake Road, Hefei 230036, Anhui, China.

In this study we investigated the neuroprotective efficacy of dexmedetomidine (Dex) and phosphocreatine (PCr) alone or in combination in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). I/R was induced by intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to the Sham group and I/R group, and the I/R group was further divided into three subgroups: Dex (9 μg. Read More

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Immunohistochemical Study of Mitochondrial Ferritin in the Midbrain of Patients with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Jun 23;54(3):97-104. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Molecular Neuroscience Research Center, Shiga University of Medical Science.

Mitochondrial ferritin (FtMt) is a novel ferritin that is localized in the mitochondria. FtMt expression is low in the liver and spleen, and high in the heart, testis, and brain. We previously detected FtMt in dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) in human and monkey midbrains. Read More

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Metabolic Reprogramming Drives Pituitary Tumor Growth through Epigenetic Regulation of TERT.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Jun 23;54(3):87-96. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Division of Pathological Neuroscience, Department of Pathology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.

Pituitary adenomas are common, benign brain tumors. Some tumors show aggressive phenotypes including early recurrence, local invasion and distant metastasis, but the underlying mechanism to drive the progression of pituitary tumors has remained to be clarified. Aerobic glycolysis known as the Warburg effect is one of the emerging hallmarks of cancer, which has an impact on the tumor biology partly through epigenetic regulation of the tumor-promoting genes. Read More

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A Review of miR-326 and Female Related Diseases.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Jun 22;54(3):79-86. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Histology and Embryology, School of Pre-clinical Medicine, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, P. R. China.

MicroRNA (miRNA), a non-coding single-stranded RNA molecule with 20-23 nucleotides encoded by endogenous genes, plays an essential role in maintaining normal cell function and regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, autophagy, and cell metabolism. The imbalance between miRNA and genes can cause a series of diseases, including malignancies. miRNA-326 (miR-326) is extensively known for its core regulation of various biological processes. Read More

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Supplementation with Fermented Barley Extract Prevents Mammary Epithelial Cell Invasion in an Early Breast Cancer Model.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Apr 27;54(2):73-78. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Breast Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

Diet-based prevention of malignant transformation contributes to the maintenance of quality of life by avoiding a battle against cancer. Invasion is one of the features of malignant breast cancer, and the prevention of invasion may reduce breast cancer malignancy. A recently established early breast cancer model system showed mammary ductal dysplasia with invasion in mice. Read More

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Raman Spectroscopic Assessment of Myocardial Viability in Langendorff-Perfused Ischemic Rat Hearts.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Apr 17;54(2):65-72. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Pathology and Cell Regulation, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.

Spontaneous Raman spectroscopy, which senses changes in cellular contents of reduced cytochrome c, could be a powerful tool for label-free evaluation of ischemic hearts. However, undetermined is whether it is applicable to evaluation of myocardial viability in ischemic hearts. To address this issue, we investigated sequential changes in Raman spectra of the subepicardial myocardium in the Langendorff-perfused rat heart before and during ligation of the left coronary artery and its subsequent release and re-ligation. Read More

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Altered Immunohistochemical Expression Patterns of HLA Class I during the Clinical Course of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Apr 17;54(2):57-64. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Division of Oncologic Pathology, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan.

It is unclear how immunohistochemical expression patterns of HLA class I in the pre-malignant phase of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) alter during the clinical follow-up period. The present study aimed to demonstrate the correlation between the immunohistochemical expression pattern of HLA class I and the CIN grade through repeated examinations during the clinical course. Expression patterns of HLA class I, p16INK4a, and PD-L1 were immunohistochemically examined using formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) sections of biopsy or conization samples that were obtained from 20 patients diagnosed with CIN. Read More

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Development of Pathological Diagnosis Support System Using Micro-computed Tomography.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Apr 22;54(2):49-56. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Faculty of Engineering, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.

In pathological diagnosis, the cutting position of pathological materials is subjectively determined by pathologists. This leads to a low cutting accuracy, which in turn may lead to incorrect diagnoses. In this study, we developed a system that supports the determination of the cutting position by visualizing and analyzing the internal structure of pathological material using micro-computed tomography (CT) before cutting. Read More

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What Cyto- and Histochemistry Can Do to Crack the Sugar Code.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Apr 17;54(2):31-48. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Institute of Physiological Chemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Veterinärstr. 13, 80539 Munich, Germany.

As letters form the vocabulary of a language, biochemical 'symbols' (the building blocks of oligo- and polymers) make writing molecular messages possible. Compared to nucleotides and amino acids, sugars have chemical properties that facilitate to reach an unsurpassed level of oligomer diversity. These glycans are a part of the ubiquitous cellular glycoconjugates. Read More

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Comparative Analysis of Immunohistochemical Staining Intensity Determined by Light Microscopy, ImageJ and QuPath in Placental Hofbauer Cells.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Feb 20;54(1):21-29. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, 779 00, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Software based analyses of immunohistochemical staining are designed for obtaining quantitative, reproducible, and objective data. However, often times only a certain type of positive cells or structures need to be quantified thus whole image analysis cannot be performed. Such an example is Hofbauer placental cells, which show positivity of some antigens together with trophoblast, but only Hofbauer cells represent the regions of interest (ROIs). Read More

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February 2021

The Periodontium Damage Induces Neuronal Cell Death in the Trigeminal Mesencephalic Nucleus and Neurodegeneration in the Trigeminal Motor Nucleus in C57BL/6J Mice.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Feb 16;54(1):11-19. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Oral Anatomy and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan.

Proprioception from masticatory apparatus and periodontal ligaments comes through the trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus (Vmes). We evaluated the effects of tooth loss on neurodegeneration of the Vmes and trigeminal motor nucleus (Vmo). Bilateral maxillary molars of 2-month-old C57BL/6J mice were extracted under anesthesia. Read More

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February 2021

Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 Activated by Ultraviolet-B Degrades Human Ciliary Zonules .

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2021 Feb 9;54(1):1-9. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Radiation Science, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hirosaki University, 66-1 Honcho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8564, Japan.

The ciliary zonules, also known as the zonules of Zinn, help to control the thickness of the lens during focusing. The ciliary zonules are composed of oxytalan fibers, which are synthesized by human nonpigmented ciliary epithelial cells (HNPCEC). The ciliary zonules are exposed to ultraviolet (UV), especially UV-A and UV-B, throughout life. Read More

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February 2021

Mercury and Selenium Localization in the Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Liver, and Kidney of a Minamata Disease Case.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2020 Dec 19;53(6):147-155. Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Department of Cell Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku Kumamoto, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan.

Minamata disease is a methylmercury poisoning caused by consumption of marine food contaminated by man-made methylmercury environmental pollution, and its most prominent feature is marked pathological changes in the central nervous system. Morphological alterations are less pronounced in the liver and the kidney, although their mercury levels are higher than those of the brain. In marine mammals, methylmercury is known to be easily converted to inorganic mercury and it combines with selenium forming mercury selenide, which may counteract the toxicity of mercury. Read More

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December 2020

Minocycline Alleviates Cluster Formation of Activated Microglia and Age-dependent Dopaminergic Cell Death in the Substantia Nigra of Zitter Mutant Rat.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2020 Dec 21;53(6):139-146. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Department of Histology and Neurobiology, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Mibu, Tochigi 321-0293, Japan.

Microglial activation is a component of neurodegenerative pathology. Here, we examine whether activated microglia participate in age-related dopaminergic (DA) cell death in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) of the zitter () rat, a mutant characterized by deletion of the attractin gene. Confocal microscopy with double-immunohistochemical staining revealed activated microglia-formed cell-clusters surrounding DA neurons in the SNc from 2 weeks after birth. Read More

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December 2020