Acta Diabetol 2022 Apr 23. Epub 2022 Apr 23.
Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
Aims: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and increasing evidence demonstrates that some ER stress markers can represent the severity of metabolic dysfunction in either cellular or animal models. However, no appropriate molecule has been identified to demonstrate these relationships in clinical practice.
Methods: To determine whether the serum level of the ER chaperone, protein disulfide isomerase family A, member 4 (PDIA4), is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, and insulin sensitivity, we conducted a cross-sectional study for which a total of 553 adults, including 159 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 169 with prediabetes (Pre-DM), and 225 with newly diagnosed T2DM, were recruited. Read More