Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    724 results match your criteria Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica ADC [Journal]

    1 OF 15

    Xanthoma-like Skin Changes in an Elderly Woman with a Normal Lipid Profile.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):167-169
    Professor Joanna Maj, MD, PhD, Department and Clinic of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, Chałubińskiego 1, PL-50-368 Wrocław, Poland;
    Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Read More

    Topical Imiquimod is an Effective and Safe Drug for Molluscum Contagiosum in Children.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):164-166
    Efstathia Pasmatzi, MD, Department of Dermatology School of Medicine University of Patras, 26504 Rio-Patras, Greece;
    Dear Editor, Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a very common skin infection caused by a molluscipox virus gene of the poxvirus family. It usually occurs in young children, sexually active adults, and immunocompromised individuals. The typical clinical picture of this infection is characterized by asymptomatic flesh-colored, single or multiple papules, measuring 2-6 mm in diameter with a central umbilication that occur on the skin and the mucous membranes. Read More

    Diffuse Palmoplantar Keratoderma, Onychodystrophy, universal Hypotrichosis and Cysts.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):161-163
    Assist. Prof. Tasleem Arif, MD, MBSS (Dermatology, STD AND Leprosy) Postgraduate Department of Dermatology, STDs and Leprosy Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India;
    Dear Editor, Clouston syndrome, also called hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED), is an autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia characterized by a clinical triad of onychodystrophy, generalized hypotrichosis, and palmoplantar keratoderma (1). Herein we report the case of a 24-year-old male with the distinctive clinical triad associated with multiple epidermoid cysts, which probably reflects the phenotype of Clouston syndrome. A 24-year-old male presented to our Department with diffuse thickening of the skin of his palms and soles since infancy. Read More

    Prognostic Predictors of Thin Melanoma in Clinico-Pathological Practice.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):159-160
    Luca Roncati MD, PhD , Department of Diagnostic and Clinical Medicine and of Public Health, Section of Pathology University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Policlinico Hospital, I-41124 Modena (MO), Italy;
    The latest reviews on thin melanoma (TM) continue to consider it a melanoma within 1 mm in thickness, but no consensus exists as to which patients with TM are at risk for lymph node metastases (1). Numerous studies have evaluated the impact of various predictors (Breslow thickness, Clark level, ulceration, regression, vascular invasion, mitotic activity, location, sex) for nodal disease in melanoma, but the conclusions have not been homogenous (2,3). For this reason, we read the paper by Homolak et al. Read More

    A 12-year-old Girl with Severe Plaque Psoriasis and Down Syndrome Treated Successfully with Etanercept.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):155-158
    Michał Adamczyk, MD, Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Paediatric Dermatology Medical University of Lublin, Radziwillowska 13, 20-080 Lublin, Poland;
    The association between Down syndrome and psoriasis is unclear. Immunological abnormalities that present in individuals with Down syndrome result in mild immune debilitation, thus the risk of infectious complications during immunosuppressive therapy might be higher in this group of patients. We present a case of 12-year-old girl with severe plaque psoriasis and Down syndrome, who was initially treated with cyclosporine with good response. Read More

    Kerion Celsi due to Microsporum canis with a Dermatophytid Reaction.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):151-154
    Biljana Gorgievska-Sukarovska, MD, Dermatology and Venereology Unit, Zabok General Hospital, Bračak 8, 49210 Zabok, Croatia;
    Microsporum (M.) canis is the most common fungus to cause tinea capitis in Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region and South and Central Europe. Fungal scalp infections caused by M. Read More

    Can Hematologic Parameters be an Indicator of Metabolic Disorders Accompanying Rosacea?
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):145-150
    Asli Akin Belli, MD, Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Department of Dermatology, 48000, Mugla, Turkey;
    Recently, diverse hematologic parameters have been used as an indicator of the presence or severity of inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases. Our aim was to investigate the ratios of neutrophils to lymphocytes (NL), monocytes to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (MHC), and platelets to lymphocytes (PL) in patients with rosacea in comparison with the control group and determine whether there was a correlation between these ratios and metabolic disorders in patients with rosacea. We conducted a case-control study on 61 patients with rosacea and 60 healthy controls between January 2015 and January 2016 at the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic, Mugla, Turkey. Read More

    Association of Generalized Psoriasis and Mixed Glomerulonephritis in a 10-year-old Girl.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):142-144
    Prof. Danko Milošević, MD, PhD, Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Kišpatićeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    Generalized psoriasis and renal function disorder were previously described in sporadic adult cases, revealing a new entity - psoriatic nephropathy. So far there have been only two cases describing this association in children. We present and discuss a case of 10-year-old girl with the unique biopsy findings of double glomerulonephritis associated with the simultaneous onset of generalized psoriasis. Read More

    The Impact of Pyschological Stress on Acne.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):1133-141
    Anamaria Jović, MD, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Šalata 4, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    Acne is one of the most common skin disorders. It is a multifactorial and complex disease, originating in the pilosebaceous follicle where a hereditary background, androgens, skin lipids, disorders of keratinization, inflammatory signaling, and regulatory neuropeptides seem to be mainly involved. Even though emotional stress has long been suspected to trigger or exacerbate acne, its influence on acne severity has been mostly underestimated until recently when studies have brought new data about the different mechanisms and possible factors involved in this interaction. Read More

    Sociodemographic, Sexual Behavior, and Microbiological Profiles of Men Attending Public Health Laboratories for Testing for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):125-132
    Assoc. Prof. Suncanica Ljubin-Sternak, MD, PhD¸, Clinical Microbiology Department, Dr. Andrija Štampar Teaching Institute of Public Health, Mirogojska 16, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    In order to identify the groups at risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), we assessed the sociodemographic profiles of men testing for STD, their sexual habits, and the results of microbiological analysis. During a three-year period, a total of 700 men older than 18 years of age completed the questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and sexual behavior. Urethral swabs were taken for microbiological analysis. Read More

    Translation and Validation of the Serbian Version of the Skindex-29 Instrument for Measuring Impact of Skin Disease on Quality of Life.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):120-127
    Prof. Slobodan M. Jankovic, MD, DSc, MSc, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Svetozara Markovica Street 69, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia;
    The Skindex-29 instrument, which is intended for measuring the influence of skin diseases on quality of life, was developed and validated in several languages. However, a Serbian translation of the instrument is not available. The aim of this study was to translate the Skindex-29 from English to Serbian, to make necessary cultural adaptations, and to test its psychometric properties in a sample of outpatients with various skin diseases. Read More

    Mast Cell Disorders, Melanoma and Pancreatic Carcinoma: From a Clinical Observation to a Brief Review of the Literature.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):112-119
    Dario Didona, MD Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata-IRCCS Via dei Monti di Creta 104, 00167 Rome Italy
    Mastocytosis can be associated with other clonal or non-clonal hematologic diseases as well as a variety of non-hematologic malignancies. A 75-year-old Caucasian male patient was referred to us with a 5-month history of neutrophilic leukocytosis and mild splenomegaly. He had developed a cutaneous melanoma sixteen years ago. Read More

    Comparison of Doxycycline and Benzathine Penicillin G for the Treatment of Early Syphilis.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):107-111
    Prof. Hongqing Tian, Prof. Furen Zhang, Shandong Provincial Institute of Dermatology and Venereology, 27397 Jingshi Road, Jinan, Shandong Province, 250022 China,
    Doxycycline is the preferred recommended second-line treatment for the treatment of early syphilis. Recent reports showed a declining efficacy trend of doxycycline in treatment of early syphilis. The aim of our study was to assess the serological response to the treatment for early syphilis with doxycycline compared with benzathine penicillin G and evaluate whether doxycycline is still an effective agent for the treatment of early syphilis. Read More

    Predictive Value of Intraoperative Sentinel Lymph Node Imprint Cytology Analysis for Metastasis in Patients with Melanoma.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):99-106
    Prof. Larisa Prpić Massari, MD, PhD Department of Dermatology, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Krešimirova 42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia;
    Since there are no standardized protocols regarding the detection of microscopic melanoma deposits in sentinel lymph nodes (SLN), the aim of this study was to present our experience with intraoperative cytological evaluation of SLN in patients with melanoma. The study included 475 SLN biopsies (SLNB) from 201 patients with primary cutaneous melanoma of intermediate thickness. Each lymph node was cut in half; touch imprint cytology (TIC) preparations of all cut surfaces were performed and stained according to a modified May-Grünwald-Giemsa method. Read More

    Development and Significance of the E-surveillance System for Contact Allergies in Slovenia.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):91-98
    Aleksandra Dugonik, MD, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Medical Centre, Ljubljanska street 2, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia;
    This paper describes the development and significance of online systems for the collection and analysis of medical data (patch test results) with a web application. Modern digital tools greatly aid in collecting, combining, and preserving the data in a way that is friendly, undemanding and time-efficient for the dermatologist. Creating a central database for the results of patch testing provides a better picture of contact sensitivity and characteristics of allergic contact dermatitis in Slovenia. Read More

    Thin Melanoma: A Generic Term Including Four Histological Subtypes of Cutaneous Melanoma.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):169-174
    Luca Roncati MD, PhD, Department of Diagnostic and Clinical Medicine and of Public Health Section of Pathology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Policlinico Hospital, I-41124 Modena (MO), Italy;
    Today, the scientific community is focusing on the prognostic significance of different histological subtypes of thin melanoma (1). The current staging system for melanoma of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) uses Breslow thickness as the primary attribute: melanomas with up to 1 mm thickness is defined as thin, because they present a good prognosis after surgical excision, with a 10-year survival rate of 85-90% in case of a tumor-free margin ≥1 cm (2). There is a significant interaction between mitotic rate and Breslow depth, so the predictive value of the mitotic rate on sentinel lymph node (SLN) positivity can be dependent on Breslow thickness (3). Read More

    Gestational Pityriasis Rosea: Suggestions for Approaching Affected Pregnant Women.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):312-313
    Efstathia Pasmatzi, MD, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of Patras, 26504 Rio-Patras, Greece;
    Dear Editor, Pityriasis rosea is a common, acute, and self-limiting dermatosis, which is associated with the endogenous systemic reactivation of human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 and/or HHV-7 (1). It predominantly affects individuals of both sexes in their second or third decade of life and is clinically characterized by the occurrence of an initial erythematosquamous plaque followed by the appearance of disseminated similar but smaller lesions one or two weeks later. Several patients develop systemic symptoms such as nausea, anorexia, malaise, headache, fever, arthralgia, and lymphadenopathy that may precede or accompany the eruption; the latter follows the cleavage lines of the trunk creating the configuration of a Christmas tree and spontaneously resolves within 4 to 8 weeks. Read More

    Vesicular Contact Reaction May Progress into Erythema Multiforme.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):307-309
    Prof. Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, MD, PhD, Department of Dermatology, 49 Przybyszewski Str., 60-355 Poznań, Poland.
    Dear Editor, Erythema multiforme is considered an acute skin condition, characterized by a self-limiting and sometimes recurrent course. It is regarded as a type IV hypersensitivity reaction associated with certain infections, medications, and other various triggers. Allergic contact dermatitis is in turn a delayed type of induced allergy as a result of cutaneous contact with a specific allergen to which the patient develops specific sensitivity. Read More

    Antiphospholipid Syndrome with Antiβ2glicoprotein-1 Antibodies as the Cause of Recurrent Tibial Vein Thrombosis in SAPHO syndrome.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):305-306
    Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, MD, Department of Rheumatology and Internal Diseases, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Unii Lubelskiej 1, 71-252 Szczecin, Poland.
    The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with recurrent venous or arterial thromboembolism (1). SAPHO syndrome is a rare disease, characterized by specific clinical manifestations of synovitis, acne pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis. It is a disease that manifests with a combination of osseous and articular manifestations associated with skin lesions (2). Read More

    Boils at Frictional Locations in a Patient with Hidradenitis Suppurativa.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):303-304
    Jurr Boer, MD, PhD, Department of Dermatology Deventer Hospital, Nico Bolkesteinlaan 75, 7416 SE Deventer, The Netherlands;
    Dear Editor, Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disease. The primary clinical presentation are painful inflamed nodules or boils of inverse areas, i.e. Read More

    Sonographic Detection of Subcutaneous Foreign Bodies in 3 Cases.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):299-302
    Tsuneo Watanabe, PhD, Division of Clinical Laboratory, Gifu University Hospital, 1-1, Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, Japan;
    Subcutaneous masses caused by foreign bodies are frequently encountered in daily practice. Although the majority of foreign bodies such as metals can be detected by radiography, substances such as vegetative materials or wood are difficult to detect. To our knowledge, only a few studies have described the sonographic characteristics of foreign bodies. Read More

    A Giant Basal Cell Carcinoma Misdiagnosed and Mistreated as a Chronic Venous Ulcer.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):296-298
    Dijana Celić, MD, PhD. Medikol Outpatient Department. Voćarska 106. 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cutaneous malignancy. Giant BCCs are quite rare. They can cause extensive local invasion, disfigurement, and metastasis. Read More

    Dermoscopic Findings in Patients with Pigmented Purpuric Dermatoses.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):291-295
    Seray Külcü Çakmak, MD, Aykon Park sit. A Blok no:14 742.sokak, Yıldızevler Çankaya,
    Pigmented purpuric dermatoses (PPD) are a group of chronic and relapsing cutaneous disorders characterized by a distinct purpuric rash. The diagnosis is made with clinical and histopathological findings. Dermoscopy has rarely been used in the diagnosis of PPD. Read More

    Seroprevalence of Syphilis among Pregnant Women in the Varna Region (Bulgaria).
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):288-290
    Tatina Todorova, PhD, Department of Preclinical and Clinical Sciences Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University Varna, 3, Bregalnica Str. 9000 Varna, Bulgaria;
    Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease with continuously rising rates among European countries. The vertical (mother to child) transmission is an important way of dissemination, often leading to stillbirth and permanent impairment of the newborn. We present a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 2702 pregnant women tested for syphilis seropositivity. Read More

    Is There a Link between Human Herpesvirus Infection and Toll-like Receptors in the Pathogenesis of Pityriasis Rosea? A Case-control Study.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):282-287
    Corresponding author: Rania Abdel Hay, MD, 13th Abrag Othman, Kournish el Maadi, Cairo 11431, Egypt;
    Human herpesvirus (HHV) 6 and 7 are involved in the pathogenesis of pityriasis rosea (PR). Our aim was to evaluate the role of the innate immune response in PR through the detection of Toll-like receptors (TLR) 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 expression in the skin of affected patients and to detect the possibility of being induced by HHV-6 and/or HHV-7 viral coexistence in these patients. Twenty-four patients with PR and 24 healthy controls were included in this case-control study. Read More

    Distribution of Malassezia Species in Patients with Different Dermatological Disorders and Healthy Individuals.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):274-281
    Professor Asja Prohić, MD, PhD, Department of Dermatovenerology, University Clinical Center of Sarajevo, Bolnicka 25, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
    There are differences with respect to the commonly isolated Malassezia species, not only between healthy individuals and the patients with various skin diseases, but also between different countries. We investigated the species composition of Malassezia microflora on the skin of patients with Malassezia-associated diseases and of healthy subjects (HS). Two hundred and fifty skin scrapings from patients with pityriasis versicolor (PV), seborrheic dermatitis (SD), atopic dermatitis (AD), psoriasis (PS), and healthy subjects (HS), fifty each, were inoculated into Sabouraud dextrose agar and into modified Dixon agar and identified using conventional culture-based methods. Read More

    Serum Cytokine Profiles in Infants with Atopic Dermatitis.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):268-273
    Asuman Gürkan, MD, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Health and Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Telsizler, 06080, Ankara, Turkey;
    Atopic dermatitis (AD) in infancy is believed to have distinct features as compared to AD in other age groups, and little is known about cytokine production in infants with AD. We aimed to measure the serum cytokine levels of infants with atopic dermatitis and evaluate the association of new anti-inflammatory cytokines with the disease. Eighty-one infant patients with AD and 52 healthy controls were involved in this study. Read More

    Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Psoriasis.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):261-267
    Szczerkowska-Dobosz Aneta, MD, PhD, 7th Debinki St., 80-211 Gdansk, Poland;
    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Aim of this work was to evaluate the association between psoriasis and chosen cardiovascular risk factors, echocardiographic parameters, and carotid intima-media thickness. A total of 50 patients with psoriasis and 50 controls were enrolled in the study. Read More

    Under the Surface of Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Biology.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):250-260
    Vlatka Pandžić Jakšić, MD, PhD, Dubrava University Hospital, Av. G. Šuška 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    The global obesity epidemic enhanced contemporary interest in adipose tissue biology. Two structurally and functionally distinct depots, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT), are spread throughout the body. Their distribution was recognized to be a major determinant of metabolic risk. Read More

    The Role of Androgens and Estrogens in Hidradenitis Suppurativa - A Systematic Review.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Dec;24(4):239-249
    Peter Theut Riis, MD, Department of Dermatology University Hospital Zealand, Køgevej 7-13, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark;
    Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory skin disease. Several observations imply that sex hormones may play a role in its pathogenesis. HS is more common in women, and the disease severity appears to vary in intensity according to the menstrual cycle. Read More

    Tinea on a Tattoo.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):223-4
    Marius Irimie, MD, 40, Zizinului Street, Bl. 31, Sc. C, Ap. 2, 500414, Brasov, Romania;
    In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19). Read More

    Acupuncture as a Complementary Method of Traditional Psoriasis Treatment: Myth or Reality?
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):221-2
    Assist. Prof. Darija Mahović, MD, PhD, School of Medicine Zagreb, University of Zagreb, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Kispaticeva 12, 1000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    Dear Editor, the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine described psoriasis some 2000 years ago (1). Psoriasis vulgaris is a common, chronic inflammatory skin disease whose worldwide prevalence ranges from 0.1-3% (2,3). Read More

    Mycosis Fungoides Associated with Kaposi's Sarcoma, T-cell Rich B-cell Lymphoma, and T-cell Lymphoma with Angioimmunoblastic Features.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):218-20
    Ilan Goldberg, MD, Department of Dermatology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, 6, Weizmann Street, Tel Aviv 64239, Israel;
    A patient with mycosis fungoides (MF), Kaposi's sarcoma, T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma, and T-cell lymphoma with angioimmunoblastic features is described. The appearance of multiple malignancies in this patient may have been caused by previous exposure to radiation in the Chernobyl accident and/or systemic chemotherapy for the initial T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma which he underwent. Read More

    PUVA-induced Bullous Pemphigoid in Psoriasis.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):214-7
    Irina Arsovska-Bezhoska, MD, Department of Dermatology, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Naroden Front 35/13, Skopje, R. of Macedonia;
    The association between psoriasis vulgaris and bullous pemphigoid is due to the still unclear autoimmune process. The common disease site is the dermo-epidermal junction or basal membrane zone (BMZ), with specific alterations for both diseases. Photochemotherapy (PUVA) is one of the therapeutic modalities for psoriasis and can trigger production of autoantibodies against antigens in the BMZ in patients with subclinical bullous pemphigoid. Read More

    Prevalence of Candida Species in Patients with Psoriasis.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):209-13
    Nermina Ovčina-Kurtović, MD, MS, Department of Dermatovenereology , University Clinical Center Sarajevo, Bolnička 25 , 71 000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
    Investigation of Candida yeast prevalence in patients with psoriasis has been performed with the aim of determining their possible role as a trigger factor in the pathogenic process of this disease. The purpose of our study was to investigate the prevalence of Candida species on the skin of intertriginous areas and psoriasis lesions as well as the prevalence of Candida species in the stool of patients with psoriasis. This study also examines a possible correlation between the severity of psoriasis and prevalence of isolated Candida species. Read More

    Dermoscopy of Nodular Melanoma: Review of the Literature and Report of 3 Cases.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):203-8
    Zorica Đorđević Brlek, MD, Department of Dermatology and Venereology Pula General Hospital, Pula, Croatia;
    Nodular melanoma is the most aggressive subtype of melanoma, with rapid growth rate and metastatic potential. It is usually diagnosed at a locally advanced stage (Breslow thickness <2 mm) and is therefore associated with a poor prognosis. Nodular melanoma often does not fit the classic clinical ABCD criteria, but rather the EFG rule or 3 Cs criteria. Read More

    Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection and HPV Vaccination: Assessing the Level of Knowledge among Students of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş, Romania.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):193-202
    Morariu Silviu-Horia, MD, The University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tirgu Mures, Tirgu Mures, Romania;
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, a causative factor for cervical cancer, remains a topic of great interest. About 80% of sexually active women are at risk of acquiring an HPV infection at some point in life, the peak incidence of infection having been identified in young women. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of medical students about sexually transmitted diseases, HPV infection, HPV vaccinations, and student sexual behavior. Read More

    Cardiovascular Comorbidities in Patients with Psoriasis: Risk Profile Including Carotide Ultrasonography Assessed in Hospital-based Case Control Study.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):187-92
    Jana Votrubova, Department of Dermatovenereology 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Frantiska Krizka 15, Praha 7, Czech Republic;
    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease, and its comorbidities have attracted serious interest in recent years. The evidence that psoriasis is associated with systemic inflammation and significantly higher incidence of cardiovascular risk factors has already been described. The results of published studies are highly variable, the conclusions are ambiguous, and further epidemiological studies are needed for validation of published data. Read More

    Cardiovascular Risk Evaluation through Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Analysis in Patients with Psoriasis before and after 12 Weeks of Etanercept Therapy: A Preliminary Prospective Study.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):181-6
    Riccardo Pampena, MD, Dermatology Unit "Daniele Innocenzi", "Sapienza" University of Rome, A. Fiorini Hospital, via Firenze, snc, 04019, Terracina (LT) , Italy;
    The association between psoriasis and cardiovascular diseases has been indicated by epidemiological studies. The sub-inflammatory systemic state that characterizes both psoriasis and atherosclerosis has been proposed as the link between these conditions; it cannot, however, explain the increased incidence of sudden cardiac death reported in young patients with severe psoriasis without common cardiovascular risk factors. In a previous study, we reported higher levels of autonomic dysregulation in patients with psoriasis, concluding that the prevalence of the sympathetic arm over the parasympathetic could increase cardiovascular risk. Read More

    Treatment Options for Pediatric Psoriasis.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):175-80
    Dora Madiraca, MD, Department of Dermatology and Venereology "Sestre milosrdnice" University Hospital Centre, Vinogradska cesta 29, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    Psoriasis is a multifactorial inflammatory papulosquamous disease affecting 0.5% to 2% of the pediatric population. Pediatric psoriasis, presenting similar to adult psoriasis, significantly reduces patient quality of life, often requiring an individualized treatment approach for each patient. Read More

    Psoriasis Induced by Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Agents: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):169-74
    Prof. Massimo De Martinis, MD, Department of Life, Health AND Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy;
    Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors revolutionized the management of patients affected by autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, and psoriasis. The biologic agents targeted to block TNF-α such as infliximab, adalimumab, certulizumab pegol, etanercept, and golimumab, have a good safety profile; however, with increasing, broader, and prolonged use, patients could be exposed to an increased risk of adverse reactions including a wide spectrum of dermatological conditions of different etiology and morphology. Among these, of particular interest is the development of skin immune-mediated diseases that seem to be the consequence of the paradoxical inflammation induced by anti-TNF-α therapy. Read More

    Dermoscopy of Skin Adnexal Neoplasms:A Continuous Challenge.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):158-60
    Mattia Fadel, MD, Dermatology Department, University of Trieste, Ospedale Maggiore, Piazza dell'Ospitale 1, 34135 Trieste, Italy;
    Dear Editor, Apocrine hidradenoma is a rare benign adnexal tumor related to the more common poroma, as they both originate from sweat glands. Hidradenoma usually has an eccrine differentiation, but an apocrine differentiation is possible. Due to its rarity and non-specific clinical appearance it is difficult to differentiate it from other malignant cutaneous lesions. Read More

    Folliculotropic Cutaneous Metastases and Lymphangitis Carcinomatosa: When Cutaneous Metastases of Breast Carcinoma Are Mistaken for Cutaneous Infections.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):154-7
    Giovanni Paolino, MD, Viale del Policlinico, Rome, Italy;
    Dear Editor, Cutaneous metastases (CM) are detected in about 0.6-10.4% of patients with an internal malignancy (1-3). Read More

    Trichotillomania: Bizzare Patern of Hair Loss at 11-Year-old Girl.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):150-3
    Jana Zímová, MD. Department of Dermatology. University Hospital Ostrava. 17. listopadu 1790. 708 52 Ostrava - Poruba. Czech Republic;
    Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). Read More

    Zosteriform Collagen Nevus in an Infant.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):148-9
    Aslı Aksu Çerman, MD, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Dermatology Department, Halaskargazi Cad, Etfal S, Istanbul, Turkey;
    Connective tissue nevi (CTN) are dermal hamartomas characterized by an imbalance in the amount and distribution of the normal components of the extracellular dermal matrix, specifically collagen, elastin, and/or proteoglicans. The term "CTN" was first mentioned by Lewandowsky in 1921 (1), although it was not accepted until the review by Gutmann in 1926 (2). Classification of CTN was established by Uitto et al. Read More

    Dermatoscopic Findings of Seborrheic Keratosis in Melanoma.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):144-7
    Prof. Marcia Ramos-e-Silva, MD, PhD, Rua Dona Mariana 143 / C-32, 22280-020 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
    Cutaneous melanoma may in some instances be confused with seborrheic keratosis, which is a very common neoplasia, more often mistaken for actinic keratosis and verruca vulgaris. Melanoma may clinically resemble seborrheic keratosis and should be considered as its possible clinical simulator. We report a case of melanoma with dermatoscopic characteristics of seborrheic keratosis and emphasize the importance of the dermatoscopy algorithm in differentiating between a melanocytic and a non-melanocytic lesion, of the excisional biopsy for the establishment of the diagnosis of cutaneous tumors, and of the histopathologic examination in all surgically removed samples. Read More

    Cutis Verticis Gyrata - A Case Report.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):140-3
    Assist. Prof. Jasna Zeljko-Penavić, MD, PhD, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Clinical Hospital Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
    Cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) is a skin condition characterized by excessive growth of the skin of the scalp, resulting in furrows and folds which are similar to the gyri of the brain cortex. CVG can be classified into two forms: primary (essential and non-essential) and secondary. We report the case of a 53-year-old male patient with the primary type of CVG. Read More

    A Different Presentation of Mal De Meleda: New Skin Lesions in a Residual Limb after Traumatic Amputation.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):137-9
    Emre Adıgüzel, MD, TSK Rehabilitasyon Merkezi, 06530 Bilkent Ankara, Turkey;
    Mal de Meleda is a rare autosomal recessive skin disease which is known as keratoderma palmoplantaris transgradiens. Here we report a case of Mal de Meleda who had skin lesions in the residual limb and pseudoainhum in the thigh after traumatic lower leg amputation. A 71-year-old female was admitted to our tertiary hospital for prosthetic rehabilitation. Read More

    Clinical and Demographic Characteristics of Patients with Molluscum Contagiosum Treated at the University Dermatology Clinic Maribor in a 5-year period.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):130-6
    Katarina Trčko, MD, Department of Dermatovenereology, University Clinical Centre Maribor, Ljubljanska 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia;
    Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) is a common skin pathogen in both adults and children. In this prospective study, we clinically evaluated consecutive patients with molluscum contagiosum (MC) who had been examined during a 5-year period at the second-largest dermatology clinic in Slovenia and described their main demographic and clinical characteristics, concomitant diseases, and treatment success. The study included 188 patients, of which 121 (64%) were men and 67 (36%) were women. Read More

    1 OF 15