1,346 results match your criteria Acta Chimica Slovenica[Journal]


Physico-Chemical Properties of the Pyrolytic Residue Obtained by Different Treatment Conditions of Meat and Bone Meal.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):229-238

The depletion of phosphate rock reserves has led to the search for new, alternative and environmentally friendly products and processes. One of the safe and environmentally friendly sources of phosphate is animal bone char (ABC), the residue from the pyrolysis of meat and bone meal (MBM), a slaughterhouse waste material. The presented study investigated the physico-chemical properties of the residues (ABC) obtained from the pyrolysis of MBM under different treatment conditions. Read More

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Let the Biocatalyst Flow.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):1-16

Industrial biocatalysis has been identified as one of the key enabling technologies that, together with the transition to continuous processing, offers prospects for the development of cost-efficient manufacturing with high-quality products and low waste generation. This feature article highlights the role of miniaturized flow reactors with free enzymes and cells in the success of this endeavor with recent examples of their use in single or multiphase reactions. Microfluidics-based droplets enable ultrahigh-throughput screening and rapid biocatalytic process development. Read More

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6-Bromo-2'-(2-chlorobenzylidene)nicotinohydrazide and 6-Bromo-2'-(3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene) nicotinohydrazide Methanol Solvate: Synthesis, Characterization, Crystal Structures and Antimicrobial Activities.

Authors:
Hai-Yun Zhu

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):65-71

Two newly synthesized nicotinohydrazones, 6-bromo-2'-(2-chlorobenzylidene)nicotinohydrazide (1) and 6-bromo-2'-(3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene)nicotinohydrazide methanol solvate (2), have been obtained and structurally characterized by spectroscopic method and single crystal X-ray determination. The molecules in both compounds are in E configuration regarding to the azomethine groups. The molecules of compound 1 are linked via hydrogen bonds of N?H∙∙∙O, generating one dimensional chains running along the c-axis direction. Read More

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Zinc(II) Complexes Derived from Schiff Bases: Syntheses, Structures, and Biological Activity.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):17-24

Three new zinc(II) complexes, [Zn2I2(L1)2] (1), [Zn(HL2)2(NCS)2] (2), and [ZnIL3] (3), where L1 is the anionic form of 2-[(6-methylpyridin-2-ylimino)methyl]phenol (HL1), HL2 is the zwitterionic form of 2-(cyclopropyliminomethyl)-5-fluorophenol (HL2), and L3 is the anionic form of 5-bromo-2-[(3-morpholin-4-ylpropylimino)methyl]phenol (HL3), have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV and NMR spectra, and single crystal X-ray crystallographic determination. Complex 1 is a dinuclear zinc complex, and complexes 2 and 3 are mononuclear zinc complexes. The Zn atoms in the complexes are in tetrahedral coordination. Read More

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Hydrogen Bonds in Bis(1H-benzimidazole-κN3)cadmium(II) Dibenzoate: Hirshfeld Surface Analysis and AIM Perspective.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):239-246

The coordination complex bis(1H-benzimidazole-κN3)cadmium(II) dibenzoate has been synthesized and characterized by single crystal diffraction analysis. Cadmium center is six coordinated and formed a distorted octahedron coordinated geometry. The Hirshfeld analysis shows that in the dnorm-surface of the compound, there are dark red spots near the hydrogen-bonds acceptor and donor atoms, while intermolecular interactions result in faint-red spots. Read More

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Synthesis, Crystallographic Structure, Hirshfeld Surface Analysis, Drug-likeness Properties and Molecular Docking Studies of New Oxime-pyridine Compounds.

Authors:
Tufan Topal

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):88-101

A detailed description of the two new pyridine ligands, (2E,3Z)-3-[2-(3-chloropyridin-2-yl)hydrazinylidene]-N-hydroxybutan-2-imine and 3-chloro-2-(2Z)-2-[1-(4 nitrophenyl)ethylidene]hydrazinyl, is reported. The synthesized compounds were characterized by spectroscopic studies, spectral features were performed by TD-DFT calculations. New-generation pyridine ligand of HL2 was also determinate by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Hirshfeld surface analysis with two-dimensional fingerprint plots was used to analyze intermolecular interactions in crystals. Read More

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On the Validity of Minimum Magnetizability Principle in Chemical Reactions.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):178-184

A new principle known as Minimum Magnetizability Principle has recently been introduced in the context of Density Functional Theory. In order to validate this principle, changes in the magnetizability (Δξ) and its cube-root (Δξ1/3) are computed at B3LYP/LanL2DZ level of theory for some elementary chemical reactions. The principle is found to be valid for 77% of reactions under study. Read More

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Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Characterization and Catalytic Property of Copper(II) Complexes Derived from Hydrazone Ligands.

Authors:
Yao Tan Yan Lei

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):44-50

A new bromido-coordinated mononuclear copper(II) complex [Cu(HL1)Br2] (1), and a new mononuclear copper(II) complex [CuL2(HL2)]ClO4·0.5H2O (2), with the hydrazone ligands 4-tert-butyl-N'-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene)benzohydrazide (HL1) and 4-bromo-N'-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)benzohydrazide (HL2), have been synthesized and structurally characterized by physico-chemical methods and single crystal X-ray determination. X-ray analysis indicates that the Cu atom in complex 1 is in distorted square pyramidal coordination, and that in complex 2 is in octahedral coordination. Read More

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Apoptotic Effect of Homobrassinin and Thiazino[6,5-b]indol is Associated with Downregulation of Heat Shock Proteins in Human Ovarian Adenocarcinoma Cells.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):151-158

Phytoalexins are substances with antimicrobial properties produced by plants after being attacked by microorganisms, especially phytopathogenic fungi and viruses. They are also currently being studied for their antitumor effect. We aimed to study the apoptosis-stimulating effect of homobrassinin and thiazino[6,5-b]indol in human ovarian adenocarcinoma A2780 and A2780cis cells via flow cytometric analysis of annexin V/PI, caspase 3 and 9 activity, cytochrome C release, and smac-diablo accumulation. Read More

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Characterization of Hydration Behaviour and Modeling of Film Formulation.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):159-169

Hydration behavior of hydrogel-based polymeric film possesses great importance in mucosal drug delivery. Modified Lag phase sigmoid model was used for the investigation of hydration of the film. Kaolin incorporated HPMC K100LVCR (HL) and K100M (HH) films containing dexamethasone as a model drug have been prepared for studying swelling kinetics. Read More

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Physicochemical Properties of Octane Isomers in View of the Structural Numbers.

Authors:
Anton Perdih

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):137-143

The structural features of octane isomers were quantified with help of the Structural Numbers. A Mutually Optimized Contribution of the Structural Numbers (MOCSN) was used to calculate which parts of information regarding branching contribute the tested Structural Numbers. Besides the known Structural Numbers, two Asymmetry Numbers were developed in order to quantify the asymmetry of the octane isomers, one regarding the asymmetry along the main chain of the molecule and the other one regarding the asymmetry perpendicular to the main chain of the molecule. Read More

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Protective Effects of 3-benzoyl-7-hydroxy Coumarin on Liver of Adult Rat Exposed to Aluminium Chloride.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):222-228

In this study, the effects of 3-benzoyl-7-hydroxy coumarin molecule on mineral and antioxidant enzymes were investigated in rat liver exposed to oxidative stress with aluminium chloride (AlCl3). Adult male Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups as Control, Coumarin, AlCl3, and Coumarin + AlCl3. Coumarin at the dose of 10 mg / kg and AlCl3 at the dose of 8. Read More

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4-(4,5-Diphenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl)phenol: Synthesis and Estimation of Nonlinear Optical Properties using Z-Scan Technique and Quantum Mechanical Calculations.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):170-177

In this study, 4-(4,5-Diphenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl) phenol is successfully synthesized, and its nonlinear optical properties (NLO) are investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Theoretical investigations have been done by using TD-DFT and B3LYP functional with usual 6-31+G(d,p) basis set. The results of HOMO-LUMO and NBO analysis show the low energy gap, high total dipole moment, and hyperpolarizabilities (β, g) as well as the presence of dipolar excited states with relatively significant dipole-moment changes which are linked to the nonlinearity. Read More

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New Approaches for the Synthesis of Heterocyclic Compounds Derived from Cyclohexan-1,3-dione with Anti-proliferative Activities.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):72-87

In the present work a series of heterocyclization reactions were adopted using cyclohexan-1,3-dione through its reaction with either furan-2-carbaldehyde or thiophene-2-carbaldehyde to give the corresponding ylidene derivatives 3a,b. The latter compounds underwent heterocyclization reactions to give thiophene and pyran derivatives 5a-d and 6a-d, respectively. Moreover, compounds 3a,b reacted with elemental sulfur and phenyl isothiocyanate to give the fused thiazole derivatives 8a,b. Read More

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Multi-component Reactions of Cyclohexan-1,3-diketones to Produce Fused Pyran Derivatives with Antiproliferative Activities and Tyrosine Kinases and Pim-1 Kinase Inhibitions.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):51-64

In this work the multi-component reactions of either of the arylhydrazocyclohexan-1,3-dione derivatives 3a-c with either of benzaldehyde (4a), 4-chlorobenzaldehyde (4b) or 4-methoxybenzaldehyde (4c) and either malononitrile (5a) or ethyl cyanoacetate (5b) giving the 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromene derivatives 6a-r, respectively, are presented. The reaction of two equivalents of cyclohexan-1,3-dione with benzaldehyde gave the hexahydro-1H-xanthene-1,8(2H)-dione derivative 7. On the other hand, the multi-component reactions of compound 1 with dimedone and benzaldehyde gave 13. Read More

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Application of Silica Supported Calix[4]arene Derivative as Anti-reversion Agent in Tire Tread Formulation.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):128-136

In this research the influence of the silica supported calix[4]arene derivative (SS-Calix) on the reversion resistance, mechanical properties and thermal behavior of NR/BR tire tread formulation was investigated by the oscillating disc rheometer, FTIR, TGA and tensile testing. The results revealed that the reversion behavior of NR/BR vulcanizate is affected by SS-Calix. The data obtained from curing characteristics and thermal stability of test pieces indicate that, SS-Calix acts as an anti-reversion for rubbery materials that are exposed to thermal shock in the early stages of temperature rise. Read More

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Electrodeposition and Growth of Iron from an Ethylene Glycol Solution.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):185-192

The electrochemical reduction of iron (III) ions into zero-valent iron from a solution of ethylene glycol was accomplished. The kinetics and mechanism of the electroreduction process were investigated by cyclic and linear polarization techniques. The influence of temperature, potential sweep rate, and concentration of iron (III) ions on the electroreduction process was also studied. Read More

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Antidiabetic Potential of Stem Bark Extract of Enantia chlorantha and Lack of Modulation of Its Therapeutic Efficacy in Diabetic Rats Co-Administered with Lisinopril.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):127

This study validates the antidiabetic efficacy of Enantia chlorantha stem bark and the possible therapeutic implications of the co-administration of lisinopril and E. chlorantha in type 2 diabetic rats. E. Read More

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Extraction-Chromogenic System for Cobalt Based on 5-Methyl-4-(2-thiazolylazo) Resorcinol and Benzalkonium Chloride.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):37-43

The interaction between CoII and 5-methyl-4-(2-thiazolylazo)-resorcinol (MTAR) was studied in a water-chloroform system, in the presence or absence of benzalkonium chloride (BZC) as a cationic ion-association reagent. The optimum pH, concentration of the reagents and extraction time for the extraction of Co were found. In the presence of BZC, the extracted ion-associate could be represented by the formula (BZ+)[CoIII(MTAR2-)2], where MTAR is in its deprotonated form. Read More

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Copper(II) and Zinc(II) Complexes Derived from N,N'-Bis(4-bromosalicylidene)propane-1,3-diamine: Syntheses, Crystal Structures and Antimicrobial Activity.

Authors:
Yu-Mei Hao

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):102-108

A mononuclear copper(II) complex, [CuL] (1), and a phenolato-bridged trinuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn3Cl2L2(DMF)2] (2), where L is the deprotonated form of N,N'-bis(4-bromosalicylidene)propane-1,3-diamine (H2L), have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The Cu atom in complex 1 is in square planar coordination, while the terminal and central Zn atoms in complex 2 are in square pyramidal and octahedral coordination, respectively. The antibacterial activities of the complexes have been tested on the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, and the yeast Candida parapsilosis. Read More

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Structure of Biologically Active Benzoxazoles: Crystallography and DFT Studies.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):144-150

Using X-ray single crystal diffraction, the crystal structures of biologically active benzoxazole derivatives were determined. DFT calculation was performed with standard 6-31G*(d), 6-31G** and 6-31+G* basis set to analyze the molecular geometry and compare with experimentally obtained X-ray crystal data of compounds. The calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap in compound 2 (2-(2-hydroxynaphtalen-1-yl)-4-methyl-7-isopropyl-1,3-benzoxazol-5-ol) is 3. Read More

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CO2 Improved Synthesis of Benzimidazole with the Catalysis of a New Calcium 4-Amino-3-hydroxybenzoate.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):205-211

In this paper, we explored the synthesis of benzimidazole by the reaction of DMF and o-phenylenediamine. In the process of catalyst screening, we found that 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid, benzoic acid, and benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid could catalyze the reaction. Moreover, the calcium 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate and CO2 could more effectively catalyze the reaction, the synergistic effect of CO2 and 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid calcium salt can increase the yield of benzimidazole from 28% to 94%. Read More

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Effect of Vacuum Frying Conditions on Quality of French Fries and Frying Oil.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):25-36

Vacuum frying conditions were investigated with respect to physical, chemical and sensorial properties of French fries and frying oil, besides determining the effect of frying conditions in terms of frying temperature and time. In order to determine the optimum frying conditions of the French fries optimization study was carried out according to Central Composite Rotatable Design. The results were evaluated to determine optimum vacuum frying conditions targeting minimum oil content, 30-45 N in range of hardness, minimum acrylamide content and maximum overall preference. Read More

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Manganese(II) β-Diketonate Complexes with Pyridin-4-one, 3-Hydroxypyridin-2-one and 1-Fluoropyridine Ligands: Molecular Structures and Hydrogen-bonded Networks.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):193-204

Manganese(II) bis(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenylbutane-1,3-dionate) complexes with pyridin-4-one (pyon), 3-hydroxypyridin-2-one (hpyon), 1-fluoropyridine (pyF) and methanol were prepared and the solid-state structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The coordination of the metal center in all complexes was found to be octahedral. In compounds [Mn(tfpb)2(pyon)2] (1) and [Mn(tfpb)2(hpyon)2] (2) extended hydrogen bonding is present facilitating the formation of a three-dimensional supramolecular structure in 1 and a layered structure in 2 through N-H···O hydrogen bonding enhanced by C-H···O interactions as well as C-F···π interactions. Read More

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Catecholase-Like Activity and Theoretical Study in Solid State of a New Ru(III)-Schiff Base Complex.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):212-221

A new ruthenium(III) complex of molecular formula [Ru(PPh3)Cl2(L)] (1) has been synthesized using the Schiff base ligand obtained from 5-chlorosalicylaldehyde and N,N-dimethylethylenediamine, and characterized by FT-IR, UV-Vis, cyclic voltammetry and single crystal X-ray structural analysis. The metal ion exhibits a slightly distorted octahedral environment where the chelating Schiff base ligand contributes with its NNO donor set. The coordination geometry around the Ru(III) ion is completed by a PPh3 ligand and two chloride anions, and the charge balance is assured by the phenoxo oxygen of the Schiff base. Read More

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Ultrasound-Assisted Synthesis, Antioxidant Activity and Computational Study of 1,3,4-Oxadiazol-2-amines.

Acta Chim Slov 2021 Mar;68(1):109-117

Development of synthetic procedures for the preparation of 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives has always been in the interest of researchers as a result of their widespread biological activities. In this study, an ultrasound-assisted procedure was proposed for the synthesis of 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-amines form the reaction of hydrazides and cyanogen bromide. They were efficiently produced in 81-93% yields in the presence of ethanol and potassium bicarbonate as the reaction media and the base, respectively. Read More

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N’-(2-Hydroxybenzylidene)-3-Methylbenzohydrazide and its Copper(II) Complex: Syntheses, Characterization, Crystal Structures and Biological Activity.

Acta Chim Slov 2020 Jun;67(2):638-643

The hydrazone compound N'-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-3-methylbenzohydrazide (H2L) was prepared. With H2L and copper acetate a new copper complex [Cu(HL)(NCS)]·CH3OH was synthesized. Both the hydrazone and the copper complex were characterized by physico-chemical methods and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. Read More

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Hydrothermal Preparation, Crystal Structure, Photoluminescence and UV-Visible Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopic Properties of a Novel Mononuclear Zinc Complex.

Acta Chim Slov 2020 Jun;67(2):507-515

A novel mononuclear zinc complex [ZnL(Phen)(H2O)]·H2O containing the mixed ligands of Phen (Phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) and 3-hydroxy-2-methylquinoline-4-carboxylic acid (HL) was prepared by hydrothermal synthesis and its crystal structure was characterized by X-ray single-crystal diffraction method. The title complex crystallizes in the orthorhombic systems and forms monomeric units. The molecules in the title complex are connected through the interactions of hydrogen-bonding and ????? interactions to give a three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular structure. Read More

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Nickel(II) Complex with a Flexidentate Ligand Derived from Acetohydrazide: Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Hirshfeld Surface Analysis.

Acta Chim Slov 2020 Jun;67(2):516-521

The mononuclear Ni(II) complex [Ni(Lp)2(CH3OH)2]Cl2 has been synthesized by reacting 1-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)ethan-1-one ligand (HL) with NiCl2·6H2O in methanol solution. In the reaction, the tridentate ligand, HL, was converted in situ into 4-hydroxy-4-phenylbut-3-en-2-ylidene)acetohydrazid ligand, (pyrazole, Lp). The pyrazole ligand acts as bidentate neutral ligand and the hydroxyl group is left uncoordinated. Read More

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Study of Quinizarin Interaction with SDS Micelles as a Model System for Biological Membranes.

Acta Chim Slov 2020 Jun;67(2):629-637

Investigation of the interaction of quinizarin (Q), an analogue of the core unit of different anticancer drugs, with anionic SDS micelles has been performed by absorption and conductance measurements in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.4 and over the temperature range of 298. Read More

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