16 results match your criteria Acsms Health & Fitness Journal[Journal]

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European aerosol phenomenology - 8: Harmonised source apportionment of organic aerosol using 22 Year-long ACSM/AMS datasets.

Environ Int 2022 May 30;166:107325. Epub 2022 May 30.

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the CAS, Rozvojová 135/1, 16502 Prague, Czech Republic; Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Benátská 2, 12801 Prague, Czech Republic.

Organic aerosol (OA) is a key component of total submicron particulate matter (PM), and comprehensive knowledge of OA sources across Europe is crucial to mitigate PM levels. Europe has a well-established air quality research infrastructure from which yearlong datasets using 21 aerosol chemical speciation monitors (ACSMs) and 1 aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) were gathered during 2013-2019. It includes 9 non-urban and 13 urban sites. Read More

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Acute Respiratory Infections Among Active Component Service Members Who Use Combustible Tobacco Products and/or E-cigarette/Vaping Products, U.S. Armed Forces, 2018-2019.

MSMR 2020 Nov;27(11):2-7

Smoking is known to contribute to the risk of acute respiratory illness (ARI) and long-term medical conditions but little is known about the acute health effects of e-cigarette/vaping product use. The annual electronic Periodic Health Assessment (ePHA), which includes questions related to smoking and e-cigarette/vaping product use, is a screening tool used by the U.S. Read More

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November 2020

Physical Inactivity in Childhood from Preschool to Adolescence.

ACSMs Health Fit J 2019 ;23(5):21-25

Roberts Center for Pediatric Research, 2716 South Street, Philadelphia, PA 19145.

Preventing physical inactivity in youth starts in the preschool years and requires strategies targeting schools, caregivers and families that limit excessive screen time and improve participation in PE, organized sports and active play. Read More

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January 2019

Analyses of the genetic diversity and protein expression variation of the acyl: CoA medium-chain ligases, ACSM2A and ACSM2B.

Mol Genet Genomics 2018 Oct 14;293(5):1279-1292. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Human Metabolomics, Biochemistry Division, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa.

Benzoate (found in milk and widely used as preservative), salicylate (present in fruits and the active component of aspirin), dietary polyphenols produced by gut microbiota, metabolites from organic acidemias, and medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) are all metabolised/detoxified by the glycine conjugation pathway. Xenobiotics are first activated to an acyl-CoA by the mitochondrial xenobiotic/medium-chain fatty acid: CoA ligases (ACSMs) and subsequently conjugated to glycine by glycine N-acyltransferase (GLYAT). The MCFAs are activated to acyl-CoA by the ACSMs before entering mitochondrial β-oxidation. Read More

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October 2018

Behavioral Strategies, Including Exercise, for Addressing Insomnia.

ACSMs Health Fit J 2018 Mar-Apr;22(2):23-29

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia is superior to sleeping pills for treating insomnia, and its accessibility is rapidly improving. Exercise can also promote sleep in insomnia. A list of recommendations on good sleep practices can be applied prior to consulting with a clinician and can often resolve insomnia symptoms. Read More

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Xenobiotic/medium chain fatty acid: CoA ligase - a critical review on its role in fatty acid metabolism and the detoxification of benzoic acid and aspirin.

Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol 2016 Oct 15;12(10):1169-79. Epub 2016 Jul 15.

a Centre for Human Metabolomics, Biochemistry Division , North-West University , Potchefstroom , South Africa.

Introduction: Activation of fatty acids by the acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSs) is the vital first step in fatty acid metabolism. The enzymatic and physiological characterization of the human xenobiotic/medium chain fatty acid: CoA ligases (ACSMs) has been severely neglected even though xenobiotics, such as benzoate and salicylate, are detoxified through this pathway.

Areas Covered: This review will focus on the nomenclature and substrate specificity of the human ACSM ligases; the biochemical and enzymatic characterization of ACSM1 and ACSM2B; the high sequence homology of the ACSM2 genes (ACSM2A and ACSM2B) as well as what is currently known regarding disease association studies. Read More

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October 2016

The Hydration Equation: Update on Water Balance and Cognitive Performance.

ACSMs Health Fit J 2013 Nov;17(6):21-28

Laboratory for Eating Behaviors and Weight Management, Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise (0430), 221 Wallace Hall, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, ph. 540.231.6784, fax 540.231.3916.

To become aware of the most practical measures of hydration status.To describe sources of water input and output and the basics of water balance.To understand how hydration status may impact daily cognitive performance. Read More

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November 2013

How Young is "Too Young" to Start Training?

ACSMs Health Fit J 2013 Sep;17(5):14-23

Division of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio ; Department of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio ; Athletic Training Division, School of Allied Medical Professions, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio ; Departments of Athletic Training, Sports Orthopaedics, and Pediatric Science Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, UT.

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September 2013

Is Exercise a Viable Treatment for Depression?

ACSMs Health Fit J 2012 Jul;16(4):14-21

Duke University Medical Center Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Box 3119, DUMC South, Trent Drive Durham, NC 27710.

Depression is a common disorder that is associated with compromised quality of life, increased health care costs, and greater risk for a variety of medical conditions, particularly coronary heart disease. This review examines methods for assessing depression and discusses current treatment approaches. Traditional treatments include psychotherapy and antidepressant medications, but such treatments are not effective for all patients and alternative approaches have recently received increased attention, especially the use of aerobic exercise. Read More

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Move to Improve: How Knee Osteoarthritis Patients Can Use Exercise to Enhance Quality of Life.

Brian C Focht

ACSMs Health Fit J 2012 Sep;16(5):24-28

Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent chronic degenerative disease that is associated with impaired quality of life and physical functioning. Although there is no cure for knee OA, regular exercise participation consistently results in improvements in quality of life, physical function, and knee OA symptoms. Findings from contemporary randomized controlled trials also demonstrate that lifestyle interventions involving modification of exercise and dietary behaviors yield superior improvements in relevant quality of life outcomes relative to either intervention alone. Read More

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September 2012

Enhancing Exercise Adherence for the Breast Cancer Survivors.

ACSMs Health Fit J 2012 Jul;16(4):8-13

University of Alabama at Birmingham 1665 University Blvd., 227 RPHB Birmingham, AL 35293 205-975-8061.

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Reconstruction of three-dimensional neourethra using lingual keratinocytes and corporal smooth muscle cells seeded acellular corporal spongiosum.

Tissue Eng Part A 2011 Dec 26;17(23-24):3011-9. Epub 2011 Aug 26.

Department of Urology, Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Tissue engineering technique seems to be the best strategy for treating the urethra disease in the near future. In present study, porcine acellular corpus spongiosum matrices (ACSMs) were combined with autologus corporal smooth muscle cells (CSMCs) and lingual keratinocytes by static-dynamic seeding method to form three-dimensional (3D) "neourethra" tissue for repairing the urethral defection. Six scaffolds with two kinds of cells (Group C), six scaffolds with only lingual keratinocytes (Group B), and six matrices alone (Group A) were used to repair the rabbit urethral defection. Read More

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December 2011

Pharmacogenomics in aspirin intolerance.

Curr Drug Metab 2009 Nov;10(9):998-1008

Department of Pharmacology, Medical School University of Extremadura, Avda. de Elvas s/n, Badajoz, Spain.

Polymorphisms in drug-related enzymes and receptors are often strongly related to altered drug response and to the risk of developing drug intolerance. Aspirin, usually available as an over-the-counter drug, is one of the most used drugs worldwide and is a common cause of drug intolerance events. Aspirin undergoes polymorphic metabolism. Read More

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November 2009

Awareness of and changing perceptions of physical activity guidelines among delegates at the Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport.

J Sci Med Sport 2009 Nov 2;12(6):642-6. Epub 2008 Dec 2.

School of Human Movement Studies (Building 26), The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.

Health and exercise professionals have an important role to play in the promotion of physical activity (PA), in that they can provide PA advice to their patients and clients. In order for them to do this, they must be aware of, and understand, current PA guidelines and messages. This study aimed to compare levels of awareness and understanding of the moderate PA message among delegates at the 1999 Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport (ACSMS) with those of delegates at the 2007 ACSMS. Read More

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November 2009

Relaxin adenylyl cyclase system of pregnant women with diabetes: functional defects in insulin and relaxin adenylyl cyclase signaling systems in myometrium of pregnant women with type 1 diabetes.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2005 May;1041:446-8

Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Thorez pr. 44, St. Petersburg, 194223, Russia.

The study was conducted to reveal the functional disturbances in two novel insulin and relaxin adenylyl cyclase signaling mechanisms (ACSMs). It was shown for the first time that in myometrium of pregnant women with insulin insufficiency the functional defects of Gs-protein-AC coupling in insulin- and relaxin H2-regulated AC systems were developed. As a result, the sensitivity of the signaling systems to both hormones and potentiation of their AC effects by guanine nucleotides were markedly decreased compared with that in control group. Read More

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