736 results match your criteria Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease


Comparable survival outcome between acquired cystic disease associated renal cell carcinoma and clear cell carcinoma in patients with end-stage renal disease: a multi-institutional central pathology study.

Pathology 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Surgical Pathology, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Nagakute, Japan.

Acquired cystic disease (ACD) associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is designated as a new subtype unique to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) according to the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification. However, the oncological outcomes of the prognostic factors for patients with this subtype are not fully understood. In the present study, we compared the survival of ACD associated RCC patients who underwent nephrectomy with that of patients with other histological subtypes who developed ESRD. Read More

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Renal Cell Carcinoma and Kidney Transplantation: A Narrative Review.

Transplantation 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Transplantation Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Department of Oncology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway Department of Urology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are at increased risk of developing renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The cancer can be encountered at different steps in the transplant process. RCC found during work-up of a transplant candidate needs treatment and to limit the risk of recurrence usually a mandatory observation period before transplantation is recommended. Read More

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Spontaneous renal hemorrhage in acquired cystic kidney disease.

J Gen Fam Med 2021 Mar 24;22(2):94-95. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Division of Regeneration and Medicine Medical Center for Translational and Clinical Research Hiroshima University Hospital Hiroshima Japan.

We performed computed tomography every year and pointed out the development of kidney atrophy and a cystic lesion in relation to prolonged hemodialysis, which may be cause of spontaneous renal hemorrhage. Read More

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Renal Cell Carcinoma on the Native Kidney Following Kidney Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

The Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

A 48-year-old man with histories of IgA nephropathy for 33 years, hemodialysis for 29 years, and a kidney transplant from a deceased donor 5 years ago was admitted to our institute complaining of high fever and back pain. Although repeated follow-up of computed tomography failed to detect any de novo issues, he was eventually diagnosed as a renal cell carcinoma with multiple metastases, developing from his native-acquired cystic disease kidney with multiple cysts using a positron emission tomography. We should be cautious of de novo renal cell carcinoma in kidney transplantation recipients, and careful follow-up might be helpful to detect it. Read More

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New developments in existing WHO entities and evolving molecular concepts: The Genitourinary Pathology Society (GUPS) update on renal neoplasia.

Mod Pathol 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pathology MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

The Genitourinary Pathology Society (GUPS) reviewed recent advances in renal neoplasia, particularly post-2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification, to provide an update on existing entities, including diagnostic criteria, molecular correlates, and updated nomenclature. Key prognostic features for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remain WHO/ISUP grade, AJCC/pTNM stage, coagulative necrosis, and rhabdoid and sarcomatoid differentiation. Accrual of subclonal genetic alterations in clear cell RCC including SETD2, PBRM1, BAP1, loss of chromosome 14q and 9p are associated with variable prognosis, patterns of metastasis, and vulnerability to therapies. Read More

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Differential diagnosis of perinatal Bartter, Bartter and Gitelman syndromes.

Clin Kidney J 2021 Jan 25;14(1):36-48. Epub 2020 Oct 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Kings County Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

The common finding of hypokalemic alkalosis in several unrelated disorders may confound the early diagnosis of salt-losing tubulopathy (SLT). Antenatal Bartter syndrome (BS) must be considered in idiopathic early-onset polyhydramnios. Fetal megabladder in BS may allow its distinction from third-trimester polyhydramnios that occurs in congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD). Read More

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January 2021

Distal Tubular Hyperplasia: A Proposal for a Unique Form of Renal Tubular Proliferation Distinct From Papillary Adenoma.

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 04;45(4):516-522

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN.

We identified an unusual pattern of renal tubular proliferation associated with chronic renal disease, found in 23 patients, diffusely (n=12), or focally (n=11). Incidence was 5% of end-stage renal disease kidneys from one institution (8/177) and 7/23 patients with acquired cystic kidney disease-associated renal cell carcinoma from another. Most (19 patients) had 1 or more neoplasms including papillary (n=9), acquired cystic kidney disease (n=8), clear cell (n=4), or clear cell papillary (n=3) renal cell carcinoma. Read More

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Histomorphology and Immunohistochemistry of a Congenital Nephromegaly Demonstrate Concurrent Features of Heritable and Acquired Cystic Nephropathies in a Girgentana Goat ().

Case Rep Vet Med 2021 19;2021:8749158. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Center of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Institute for Veterinary Pathology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Veterinärstraße 13, Munich 80539, Germany.

Polycystic kidney diseases (PKD) represent frequent congenital and adult nephropathies in humans and domestic animals. This report illustrates an uncommon state of congenital PKD in a girgentana goat (). A stillborn female goat kid was submitted for postmortem examination and underwent macroscopic and microscopic examination. Read More

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January 2021

Paneth-like cells in renal cell carcinomas and in cysts associated with acquired cystic kidney disease: Clinicopathologic analysis, comparative study and description of precursor lesions.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Apr 23;51:151707. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Pathology, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen and University Hospital Pilsen, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Paneth-like cells (PLCs) are different from Paneth cells (PCs) and contain Paneth-like granules, which have been reported in non-neoplastic conditions and in neoplasms of various organs. PLCs have been reported in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC), but not in non-CCRCC, including acquired cystic disease-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACD-RCC). We analyzed clinicopathological features of 24 acquired cystic disease-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACD-RCC) with PLCs (ACD-RCCP+) and compared with those of 23 ACD-RCCs without PLCs (ACD-RCCP-). Read More

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[Renal cell carcinoma in candidates for renal transplantation and recipients of a kidney transplant: The French guidelines from CTAFU].

Prog Urol 2021 Jan;31(1):18-23

Comité de transplantation et d'insuffisance rénale chronique de l'association française d'urologie (CTAFU), maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Inserm, équipe labellisée par la ligue contre le cancer, université de Paris, PARCC, 56, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France; Service d'urologie et transplantation rénale, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, hôpital Necker, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objective: To define guidelines for the management of renal cell carcinoma of the native kidney (NKRCC) in kidney transplant (KTx) recipients and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients candidates for renal transplantation.

Method: A review of the literature following a systematic approach (Medline) was conducted by the CTAFU to report renal cell carcinoma epidemiology, screening, diagnosis and management in KTx candidates and recipients. References were assessed according to a predefined process to propose recommendations with the corresponding levels of evidence. Read More

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January 2021

Genetic identification of inherited cystic kidney diseases for implementing precision medicine: a study protocol for a 3-year prospective multicenter cohort study.

BMC Nephrol 2021 Jan 6;22(1). Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Inherited cystic kidney disease is a spectrum of disorders in which clusters of renal cysts develop as the result of genetic mutation. The exact methods and pipelines for defining genetic mutations of inherited cystic kidney disease are not clear at this point. This 3-year, prospective, multicenter, cohort study was designed to set up a cohort of Korean patients with inherited cystic kidney disease, establish a customized genetic analysis pipeline for each disease subtype, and identify modifying genes associated with the severity of the disease phenotype. Read More

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January 2021

The Relationship Between Simple Renal Cysts and Renal Function in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

Front Physiol 2020 15;11:616167. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Hunan Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease and Blood Purification, Department of Nephrology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

: Simple renal cysts (SRCs) are the most common acquired cystic kidney disease, but the relationship between SRCs and renal function has not been clarified in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). : A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical features of renal cysts and ultrasound data of the kidney in 4,304 patients with T2DM. : The prevalence of SRCs in patients with T2DM was 21. Read More

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December 2020

[Atypical renal cysts: a clinicopathological and molecular analysis of six cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2020 Dec;49(12):1249-1254

Department of Pathology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, China.

To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and molecular genetics of atypical renal cysts. Six cases of atypical renal cysts were collected from Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, China, between February 2014 and February 2019. The clinicopathological characteristics and disease progression were analyzed. Read More

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December 2020

Determining the Frequency of Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease in End Stage Renal Disease Patients on Hemodialysis at Dialysis Centre of Tertiary Care Hospital.

Cureus 2020 Aug 26;12(8):e10046. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Services Hospital Lahore, Lahore, PAK.

Objectives To determine the frequency of acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) among patients of end-stage renal disease. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Lahore Teaching Hospital after approval from the ethical review committee. About 150 patients with end-stage renal disease fulfilling the inclusion criteria and undergoing three hemodialysis sessions per week for six months were approached. Read More

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Genetic and epigenetic profiling indicates the proximal tubule origin of renal cancers in end-stage renal disease.

Cancer Sci 2020 Nov 18;111(11):4276-4287. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Division of Epigenomics, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on dialysis therapy have a higher incidence of renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which consist of 2 major histopathological types: clear-cell RCCs (ESRD-ccRCCs) and acquired cystic disease (ACD)-associated RCCs. However, their genetic and epigenetic alterations are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated somatic mutations, copy number alterations (CNAs), and DNA methylation profiles in 9 ESRD-ccRCCs and 7 ACD-associated RCCs to identify their molecular alterations and cellular origins. Read More

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November 2020

Ultrasound Imaging of Renal Cysts in Children.

J Ultrasound Med 2021 Mar 14;40(3):621-635. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Renal cysts can be focal or diffuse and unilateral or bilateral. In childhood, most renal cysts are due to hereditary diseases rather than simple cysts or acquired cystic diseases, unlike adults. Inherited cystic diseases can be ciliopathies due to a primary ciliary defect (as in polycystic kidney diseases and nephronophthisis). Read More

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[Kidney Cysts and Cystic Nephropathies in Children - A Consensus Guideline by 10 German Medical Societies].

Klin Padiatr 2020 Sep 13;232(5):228-248. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Center for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg.

This consensus-based guideline was developed by all relevant German pediatric medical societies. Ultrasound is the standard imaging modality for pre- and postnatal kidney cysts and should also exclude extrarenal manifestations in the abdomen and internal genital organs. MRI has selected indications. Read More

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September 2020

Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease-associated Renal Cell Carcinoma (ACKD-RCC) Harbor Recurrent Mutations in KMT2C and TSC2 Genes.

Am J Surg Pathol 2020 11;44(11):1479-1486

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

Individuals with acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) in the setting of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have a high risk of developing renal cell carcinoma (RCC). ACKD-RCC is considered a distinct renal neoplasm in the International Society of Urologic Pathologists (ISUP)-World Health Organization (WHO) classification of kidney tumors which may behave aggressively. Since its original description, there have been multiple case reports and series published; however, the pathogenesis of this neoplasm is uncertain and there is limited data on the genetic aberrations of this tumor. Read More

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November 2020

Bilateral and Multifocal Acquired Cystic Disease-Associated Renal Cell Carcinomas in Patient With End-Stage Renal Disease Caused by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 Apr 8;29(2):198-204. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department and Chair of Pathomorphology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

The disease entity of acquired cystic disease-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACD-RCC) has been recently incorporated into the international renal tumor classification. We performed a clinicopathologic study of a patient with bilateral and multifocal ACD-RCCs. The patient received long-term hemodialysis in the end-stage renal disease caused by systemic lupus erythematous. Read More

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Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage in a Patient with Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease.

J Kidney Cancer VHL 2020 16;7(1):1-4. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre.

Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage (SRH) is a rare emergency. It is usually encountered in patients on hemodialysis and is associated with high rate of morbidity and mortality. This is a case from the emergency department. Read More

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The Role of Wnt Signalling in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

Genes (Basel) 2020 04 30;11(5). Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Biomedical Science and Physiology, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, Wulfruna Street, Wolverhampton WV1 1LY, UK.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) encompasses a group of diverse diseases that are associated with accumulating kidney damage and a decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). These conditions can be of an acquired or genetic nature and, in many cases, interactions between genetics and the environment also play a role in disease manifestation and severity. In this review, we focus on genetically inherited chronic kidney diseases and dissect the links between canonical and non-canonical Wnt signalling, and this umbrella of conditions that result in kidney damage. Read More

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Comprehensive Clinicopathologic Analyses of Acquired Cystic Disease-associated Renal Cell Carcinoma With Focus on Adverse Prognostic Factors and Metastatic Lesions.

Am J Surg Pathol 2020 08;44(8):1031-1039

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN.

Acquired cystic disease of kidney-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACD-RCC) is a distinct subtype of renal cell carcinoma with unique morphologic and clinicopathologic features. Generally, ACD-RCC is regarded as an indolent tumor; however, prognostic and outcomes data have been conflicted by the limited and relatively low number of cases with patient follow-up or adverse events. In this study, we focused on the histology of metastatic lesions and identifying prognostic factors associated with metastatic progression. Read More

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Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis: do not be too late for the right diagnosis! Case report and short literature review.

G Chir 2019 Jul-Aug;40(4):343-347

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by an acquired, inflammatory fibrocollagenous membrane encasing the small intestine, resulting in symptoms of bowel obstruction. It is still unclear whether early surgical intervention has an advantage over conservative management, but, in most reviewed case reports, it is preferred to preserve the surgical management in patients not responding to conservative measures, or when bowel ischaemia is occurring. We report a case of a 58-year old patients, affected by chronic renal failure, on treatment with peritoneal dialysis, in which a late diagnosis of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis was made, and where surgical intervention was not sufficient to guarantee survival due to the late diagnosis. Read More

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Deceased donor kidney transplant complicated by spontaneous rupture of native kidney in a HIV patient.

CEN Case Rep 2020 05 27;9(2):182-185. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Hartford Hospital Transplant and Comprehensive Liver Center, 85 Seymour Street, Suite 320, Hartford, CT, 06106, USA.

Spontaneous native kidney rupture (SNKR) is a rare occurrence, commonly associated with underlying renal tumors or acquired renal cystic disease in both the kidney transplant (KT) and non-KT populations. Herein, we present a 65-year-old African American man who experienced a non-malignant SNKR 6 days after a deceased donor KT and underwent emergent native nephrectomy. The patient's hospital course was complicated by thrombocytopenia and refractory hypertension. Read More

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Pathologic characterization of renal epithelial neoplasms arising in nonfunctioning kidneys.

Hum Pathol 2020 03 17;97:1-7. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of Pathology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611. Electronic address:

Nonfunctioning kidneys secondary to various etiologies display different histopathological features. Studies focused on incidence and types of renal neoplasms using the new World Health Organization and International Society of Urological Pathology classification system in various types of nonfunctioning kidneys are very limited. We identified 311 nephrectomies of nonfunctioning kidneys and categorized them into 5 categories: acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD, n = 61); end-stage renal disease, nonspecific (ESRD, n = 63); adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD, n = 49); failed transplant kidney (FTK, n = 96); and those caused by obstructive conditions in the kidney (OCK, n = 42). Read More

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Clinical features and outcomes in kidney transplant recipients with renal cell carcinoma: a single-center study.

Kidney Res Clin Pract 2019 Dec;38(4):517-524

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Rebublic of Korea.

Background: Previous studies have recommended a 2- to 5-year waiting time prior to kidney transplantation (KT) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and symptomatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and no delay for incidental early-stage RCC. Data on Asian KT recipients are unavailable.

Methods: This is a Korean single-center retrospective study on 35 KT recipients with ESRD and RCC. Read More

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December 2019

Kidney transplant patient with immunoglobulin A nephropathy subsequently diagnosed as concurrent autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease during 17-year follow-up.

CEN Case Rep 2020 05 2;9(2):106-108. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.

A 14-year-old Japanese boy was diagnosed with immunoglobulin A nephropathy resulting in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). He underwent ABO-compatible living kidney transplantation from his father at the age of 27. In the process of selecting a donor before the transplantation, it turned out that his mother had polycystic kidneys and that her family had a history of hypertension and cerebrovascular diseases. Read More

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Evaluation of liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) and interleukin 6 in children with renal cysts.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2019 Dec;28(12):1675-1682

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland.

Background: Renal cysts, according to their etiology, can be divided into genetic and acquired cysts. This is of great importance in patients with cystic kidney disease with a possible poor prognosis to identify markers of early kidney damage.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the concentration of serum and urine liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in children with kidney cysts. Read More

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December 2019

[Renal cell carcinoma in patients with end-stage renal disease: a clinicopathological analysis].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2019 Nov;48(11):846-850

Department of Pathology, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266003, China.

To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The clinicopathological data of patients of renal cell carcinoma arising in end-stage renal disease were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (ten cases) and 971 Hospital of PLA Navy (five cases) from January 2009 to August 2018. Among 15 patients, 14 were male and 1 was female, and the age ranged from 38 to 78 years (mean 51 years, median 49 years). Read More

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November 2019