90,066 results match your criteria Accounting Organizations And Society[Journal]


Moving beyond executive functions: Challenge preference as a predictor of academic achievement in elementary school.

J Exp Child Psychol 2020 Jul 5;198:104883. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Graduate School of Education, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Intrinsic motivation and executive functions (EFs) have been independently studied as predictors of academic achievement in elementary school. The goal of this investigation was to understand how students' challenge preference (CP), an aspect of intrinsic motivation, is related to academic achievement while accounting for EFs as a confounding variable. Using data from a longitudinal study of 569 third-, fourth-, and fifth-graders (50% female), we tested students' self-reported CP as a predictor of mathematics and English language arts (ELA) achievement in multilevel models that controlled for school fixed effects and student demographic characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104883DOI Listing

Family resources moderate the relationship between seizure control and health-related quality of life in children with drug-resistant epilepsy.

Epilepsia 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Neurosciences and Mental Health Program, Peter Gilgan Centre for Research and Learning, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) is associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Achieving seizure control, however, does not improve HRQOL in all children. This study sought to evaluate whether (1) baseline caregiver and family factors are associated with child HRQOL at 1-year follow-up over and above epilepsy characteristics, treatment, and seizure outcome; and (2) baseline family factors moderate the association between seizure outcome and child HRQOL at 1-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.16602DOI Listing

Methods for Model Calibration under High Uncertainty: Modeling Cholera in Bangladesh.

Med Decis Making 2020 Jul 8:272989X20938683. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Center for Health Policy and Center for Primary Care & Outcomes Research, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA (TR, DKO, EB, JDG-F).

Published data on a disease do not always correspond directly to the parameters needed to simulate natural history. Several calibration methods have been applied to computer-based disease models to extract needed parameters that make a model's output consistent with available data. To assess 3 calibration methods and evaluate their performance in a real-world application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272989X20938683DOI Listing

Beyond the Role of Interpersonal Violence in Predicting Negative Affective Conditions in Adults: An Examination of Hope Components in Chinese College Students.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 8:886260520938515. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

With the growth of positive psychology during the past two decades, increased research has been focused on identifying human virtues that not only foster well-being but also act as positive processes that mitigate the impact of life adversities. Thus, it is useful to examine how positive processes, such as hope, may impact individuals' psychological adjustment following adversities. This study investigated the relationships among interpersonal violence, hope, as a key human strength, and negative affect conditions in a large sample ( = 737) of Chinese male and female ( = 409) college students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520938515DOI Listing

Collective Shift in Resonant Light Scattering by a One-Dimensional Atomic Chain.

Phys Rev Lett 2020 Jun;124(25):253602

Université Paris-Saclay, Institut d'Optique Graduate School, CNRS, Laboratoire Charles Fabry, 91127 Palaiseau, France.

We experimentally study resonant light scattering by a one-dimensional randomly filled chain of cold two-level atoms. By a local measurement of the light scattered along the chain, we observe constructive interferences in light-induced dipole-dipole interactions between the atoms. They lead to a shift of the collective resonance despite the average interatomic distance being larger than the wavelength of the light. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.253602DOI Listing

Prevalence of Hepatitis E virus in children from Northeast of Argentina.

J Med Virol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Instituto de Investigaciones en Bacteriología y Virología Molecular (IBaViM), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in a young population from the North East region of Argentina. Four hundred and twelve patients under 18 years old, from rural areas of Chaco Province, were tested for anti-HEV IgG using ELISA. Anti-HEV IgG antibodies were detected in 7 out of 412 patients, accounting for an overall 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26274DOI Listing

Association between intraocular lens diopter and posterior capsular opacification.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Helsinki Retina Research Group, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Importance: Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is the most common complication after cataract surgery.

Background: We aimed to assess the relationship between intraocular lens (IOL) diopter and formation of PCO among a consecutive real-world registry.

Design: Cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13821DOI Listing

Different factors predict adolescent substance use versus adult substance abuse: Lessons from a social-developmental approach.

Dev Psychopathol 2020 Jun 23:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

This 17-year prospective study applied a social-developmental lens to the challenge of distinguishing predictors of adolescent-era substance use from predictors of longer term adult substance use problems. A diverse community sample of 168 individuals was repeatedly assessed from age 13 to age 30 using test, self-, parent-, and peer-report methods. As hypothesized, substance use within adolescence was linked to a range of likely transient social and developmental factors that are particularly salient during the adolescent era, including popularity with peers, peer substance use, parent-adolescent conflict, and broader patterns of deviant behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095457942000005XDOI Listing

Diagnostic Models for Atopic Dermatitis Based on Serum Microbial Extracellular Vesicle Metagenomic Analysis: A Pilot Study.

Allergy Asthma Immunol Res 2020 Sep;12(5):792-805

Institute of MD Healthcare Inc., Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Associations between a wide variety of diseases and the microbiome have been extensively verified. Recently, there has been a rising interest in the role the microbiome plays in atopic dermatitis (AD). Furthermore, metagenomic analysis of microbe-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) has revealed the importance and relevance of microbial EVs in human health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4168/aair.2020.12.5.792DOI Listing
September 2020

Pathological aspects of mucinous cholangiocarcinoma: A single-center experience and systematic review.

Pathol Int 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignant neoplasm originating from the biliary epithelium. Its incidence is highest in Southeast Asia, especially in Thailand. Mucinous intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (mucinous iCCA), characterized by an abundant extracellular mucin pool accounting for at least 50% of total tumor volume, is an extremely rare variant of such malignancy and is notorious for rapid progression and dismal prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pin.12983DOI Listing

When Fathers Are Involved: Examining Relational and Psychosocial Health among Military Families.

Fam Process 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

Father involvement can promote the psychosocial health of family members (i.e., fathers, mothers, and children). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/famp.12566DOI Listing

Modelling the interaction between tourism, energy consumption, pollutant emissions and urbanization: renewed evidence from panel VAR.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey.

In less than two decades, the global tourism industry has overtaken the construction industry as one of the biggest polluters, accounting for up to 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions as reported by the United National World Trade Organization (UNWTO 2018). This position resonates the consensus of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Consequently, research into the causal link between emissions and the tourism industry has increased significantly focusing extensively on top earners from the industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09869-9DOI Listing

Value addition in the services sector and its heterogeneous impacts on CO emissions: revisiting the EKC hypothesis for the OPEC using panel spatial estimation techniques.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Birmingham Business School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

This study examines the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis in the context of 12 members of the OPEC by utilizing data on both the aggregate gross value added and the services' sectoral value-added between 1992 and 2015. This empirical work contributes to the literature by applying the panel spatial techniques which resulted in the findings as follows. Firstly, the results verify the authenticity of the EKC hypothesis for the aggregate level of gross value added as perceived from its inverted-U shaped association with CO2 emissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09593-4DOI Listing

Framing pregnancy-related smoking cessation messages for women of reproductive age.

Addict Behav Rep 2020 Dec 12;12:100290. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States.

Introduction: Communicating harms of smoking and benefits of quitting to tobacco users to motivate cessation is critical to reduce the burden of tobacco-related disease. Most messaging strategies focus on health risks of smoking using loss-framing; yet, gain-framed messages to increase confidence in quitting have shown promise for smokers with lower self-efficacy. This study examined the impact of message framing on perceived effectiveness of targeted, pregnancy-related smoking cessation messages among pregnant and not-pregnant smoking women of reproductive age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2020.100290DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330874PMC
December 2020

A transdiagnostic examination of affective motivations for drug use.

Addict Behav Rep 2020 Dec 29;12:100279. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

University of Delaware, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, United States.

Introduction: Substance use often co-occurs with both internalizing and externalizing disorders, highlighting the importance of understanding reciprocal relations among problematic drug use and psychopathology. We examined affective (approach and avoidance) motivations for drug use as potential transdiagnostic constructs that relate to symptoms of common clinical disorders.

Methods: 175 community adults with a lifetime history of drug use reported on their motivations for use, frequency of use, and DSM-5 lifetime psychopathology symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2020.100279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330877PMC
December 2020

A coding tool and abuse data for female asylum seekers.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 21;31:105912. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Weill Cornell Center for Human Rights, Weill Cornell Medicine, OB/GYN, 1300 York Ave, New York 10065, NY, United States.

With 1 in 3 women affected, accounting for one billion women worldwide, Violence Against Women (VAW) constitutes one of the widest reaching human rights violations globally. Although the forms they take may vary, these abuses are not confined to a single social class, geographic region, or culture. Existing studies have yet to describe the full burden of abuse that asylum-seeking women endure throughout their lifetimes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105912DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330134PMC

Shotgun metagenomic data of root endophytic microbiome of maize ( L.).

Data Brief 2020 Aug 20;31:105893. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Food Security and Safety Niche, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North-West University, Private Mail Bag X2046, Mmabatho, South Africa.

This dataset represents the root endophytic microbial community profile of maize ( L.), one of the largest food crops in South Africa, using a shotgun metagenomic approach. To the best of our understanding, this is the first account showcasing the endophytic microbial diversity in maize plants via the shotgun metagenomics approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105893DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327808PMC

Exploring Two Methods of CBV Estimation in Two Groups of Grade III Gliomas with Different Appearance on Post-Contrast T1 Images.

J Biomed Phys Eng 2020 Jun 1;10(3):283-290. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

PhD, School of Medicine, Aja university of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Many studies have used Cerebral Blood Volume (CBV) for gliomas grading and there has been in good agreement between CBV and tumor grade. Almost all of those studies have emphasized the importance of leakage correction due to the underestimation/overestimation of CBV caused by T1/T2* leakage effect in enhanced cases of tumors, especially high grade ones.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate two methods of CBV estimation in two groups of gliomas with the same grade and different appearance on post contrast T1 images (Enhanced vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31661/jbpe.v0i0.1176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7321391PMC

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of Salivary Gland: A Ten-Year Single Institute Experience.

Curr Health Sci J 2020 Jan-Mar;46(1):56-65. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare tumor, accounting for about 7.5% of all salivary gland neoplasms. More frequent developing in minor salivary gland, this is a slow-growing tumor with a long-lasting natural evolution, quite aggressive locally, but which has a tendency toward local recurrence and even for distant metastasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12865/CHSJ.46.01.08DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323724PMC

Computational prediction of protein aggregation: Advances in proteomics, conformation-specific algorithms and biotechnological applications.

Comput Struct Biotechnol J 2020 10;18:1403-1413. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Institut de Biotecnologia i Biomedicina and Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

Protein aggregation is a widespread phenomenon that stems from the establishment of non-native intermolecular contacts resulting in protein precipitation. Despite its deleterious impact on fitness, protein aggregation is a generic property of polypeptide chains, indissociable from protein structure and function. Protein aggregation is behind the onset of neurodegenerative disorders and one of the serious obstacles in the production of protein-based therapeutics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2020.05.026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322485PMC

Continent-Scale Sampling Reveals Fine-Scale Turnover in a Beneficial Bug Symbiont.

Front Microbiol 2020 19;11:1276. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States.

Many members of animal-associated microbial communities, including the gut flora, are acquired from their host's environment. While many of these communities are species rich, some true bugs (Hemiptera) in the superfamilies Lygaeoidea and Coreidae allow only ingested to colonize and reproduce in a large portion of the midgut. We studied the spatial structuring of associated with a widespread omnivorous bug genus, (Berytidae). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01276DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316890PMC

Human Resource Management and Innovative Performance in Non-profit Hospitals: The Mediating Effect of Organizational Culture.

Front Psychol 2020 19;11:1422. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Colegio de Estudios Superiores de Administración, Bogotá, Colombia.

Literature suggests that human resources of non-profit hospitals (NPHs) present features that could potentially reach any expected organizational performance even when the attention to human resource management (HRM) are often low in non-profit organizations. Nowadays ambitious organizations strive to obtain a profitable performance that is also innovate and do it through building an organizational culture (OC), while for NPHs a positive culture is given by their human resources traits. However, there is not enough literature to understand how these three variables behave together. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318991PMC

Contemporary Management of Clinically Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas: A Clinical Review.

Clin Med Insights Endocrinol Diabetes 2020 24;13:1179551420932921. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Medicine, Dubai Medical College, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are benign pituitary tumours that constitute about one-third of all pituitary adenomas. They typically present with symptoms of mass effects resulting in hypopituitarism, visual symptoms, or headache. Most NFPAs are macroadenomas (>1 cm in diameter) at diagnosis that can occasionally grow quite large and invade the cavernous sinus causing acute nerve compression and some patients may develop acute haemorrhage due to pituitary apoplexy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179551420932921DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318824PMC

Prevalence of hepatitis C in the adult population of Bulgaria: a pilot study.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Jul 7;13(1):326. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: This study piloted a European technical protocol for conducting chronic hepatitis C prevalence surveys in the general population. The pilot study took place in the Bulgarian city of Stara Zagora in 2018, and results of setting up, conducting and evaluating the survey are presented.

Results: A probability-based sample of the general adult population was drawn from the local population registry, stratified by age and sex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05158-3DOI Listing

Cost analysis of road traffic crashes in China.

Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2020 Jul 7:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Fatalities and injuries resulting from road traffic crashes is always a serious problem. The overall economic losses caused by road traffic crashes are beyond imagination. Including the economic cost of property damage, productivity loss, medical cost, travel delay time cost, legal cost and insurance cost, the total economic cost of traffic crashes in China in 2017 is calculated as 490. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17457300.2020.1785507DOI Listing

QTL Mapping for Spot Blotch Resistance in Two Bi-parental Mapping Populations of Bread Wheat.

Phytopathology 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

CIMMYT, 61619, Plant Sciences, Texcoco, Mexico;

Spot blotch (SB), caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana, is a major fungal disease of wheat in South Asia and South America. Two bi-parental mapping populations with 232 F2:7 progenies each were generated, with CIMMYT breeding lines CASCABEL and KATH as resistant parents and CIANO T79 as the common susceptible parent. The two populations were evaluated for field SB resistance in CIMMYT's Agua Fria station for three consecutive cropping seasons, with artificial inoculation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-05-20-0197-RDOI Listing

Optical Characterization of AsTe Films Grown by Plasma Deposition Based on the Advanced Optimizing Envelope Method.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Jul 3;13(13). Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Laboratory of Functional Nanomaterials, Lobachevsky University, 603950 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.

Three AsTe films with different x and dissimilar average thickness are characterized mainly from one interference transmittance spectrum ( = 300 to 3000 nm) of such film on a substrate based on the advanced optimizing envelope method (AOEM). A simple dual transformation of () is proposed and used for increasing the accuracy of computation of its envelopes () and () accounting for the significant glass substrate absorption especially for > 2500 nm. The refractive index () of AsTe and AsTe films is determined with a relative error <0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma13132981DOI Listing

The Importance of Sweet Beverage Definitions When Targeting Health Policies-The Case of Switzerland.

Nutrients 2020 Jul 3;12(7). Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Division of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland.

Since high-sweet beverage intake is associated with health risks, defining what this term encompasses is relevant to the strategies confronting this problem. This study assessed both the sociodemographic factors associated with sweet beverage consumption in Switzerland and the amount consumed. According to the current definition in Switzerland (SB-CUR), sweet beverages include soft drinks, juices with added-sugar, and low-calorie sweet beverages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12071976DOI Listing

Clusters of COVID-19 in long-term care hospitals and facilities - Japan, Jan 15-May 9, 2020.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Center for Comprehensive Care on Memory Disorders, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada, Kahoku-gun, Ishikawa, 920-0293, Japan.

Aim: To clarify the association of cluster number and size of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in long-term care (LTC) hospitals/facilities, general medical/welfare facilities, and non-medical/welfare facilities, with morbidity and mortality in 47 prefectures during Jan 15 - May 9, 2020 in Japan.

Methods: Information on COVID-19 clusters (n >2) and morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 was collected.

Results: A total of 381 clusters with 3,786 infected cases were collected, accounting for 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13973DOI Listing

OMEGA-3 POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS SUPPLEMENTATION AND CARDIOVASCULAR OUTCOMES: DO FORMULATION, DOSAGE, AND BASELINE CARDIOVASCULAR RISK MATTER? AN UPDATED META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS.

Pharmacol Res 2020 Jul 4:105060. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, Epidemiology and Preventive Pharmacology Service (SEFAP), University of Milan, via Balzaretti 9, 20133, Milan, Italy; IRCCS MultiMedica, Via Milanese 300, 20099, Sesto S. Giovanni MI, Italy.

The recent publication of the REDUCE-IT study has reopened the debate about the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids in reducing the risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. This meta-analysis aims at investigating the effect of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) administration on CV outcomes in published randomized clinical trials (RCTs), with a focus on the role of dose, type of n-3 PUFA, and different CV risk at baseline. This meta-analysis was conducted according to the PRISMA reporting guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2020.105060DOI Listing

Drones and digital adherence monitoring for community-based tuberculosis control in remote Madagascar: A cost-effectiveness analysis.

PLoS One 2020 7;15(7):e0235572. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Ambohitrakely, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Background: Continuing tuberculosis control with current approaches is unlikely to reach the World Health Organization's objective to eliminate TB by 2035. Innovative interventions such as unmanned aerial vehicles (or drones) and digital adherence monitoring technologies have the potential to enhance patient-centric quality tuberculosis care and help challenged National Tuberculosis Programs leapfrog over the impediments of conventional Directly Observed Therapy (DOTS) implementation. A bundle of innovative interventions referred to for its delivery technology as the Drone Observed Therapy System (DrOTS) was implemented in remote Madagascar. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235572PLOS

Modeling Spatial Risk of Diarrheal Disease Associated with Household Proximity to Untreated Wastewater Used for Irrigation in the Mezquital Valley, Mexico.

Environ Health Perspect 2020 Jul 7;128(7):77002. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Background: Reusing wastewater for irrigation is a longstanding practice that enhances crop yields and improves climate resilience. Without treatment, however, wastewater contains harmful pathogens and chemicals. Reuse of untreated wastewater has been shown to be harmful to the health of nearby communities, but the routes of exposure are unknown and do not appear to be occupational. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP6443DOI Listing

The Patterns and Associated Cost of Serologic Testing for Helicobacter pylori in the U.S. Military Health System.

Mil Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Gastroenterology Service, Department of Internal Medicine, WRNMMC, Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 8901 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20889.

Introduction: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection affects about half of the world's population and can lead to multiple complications if left untreated. Testing for H. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usaa141DOI Listing

Gender differences in social harms from drinking among young Australians: findings from the Mater University Study of Pregnancy and its Outcomes.

J Addict Dis 2020 Jul 7:1-13. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Institute for Social Science Research, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Despite the growing interest in investigating social harms from drinking, little is known about drinkers' reports of these harms and their gender differences among Australian young adults at age 30. We aimed to examine gender differences of social harms from drinking as reported by drinkers.

Methods: 2,200 young adults at age 30 with complete data on social harms from drinking were drawn from the 30-year follow-up of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10550887.2020.1767324DOI Listing

Psychotic disorders and electrocardiogram abnormalities in the acute psychiatric setting: more than the metabolic syndrome alone.

Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2020 Jul 7:1-3. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Medical comorbidity in severe mental illness (SMI) is high and often severe, accounting for reduced life expectancy in this group. We assessed the rate and degree of electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities in acutely unwell SMI male patients by reviewing the case notes of 50 consecutive admissions to an inpatient psychiatric unit. 82% were admitted with a psychotic disorder with a median age of 35 (range 19 - 72 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13651501.2020.1787454DOI Listing

Construct validity of gymnastics-specific assessment on the neuromuscular function of shoulder flexor and extensor muscles.

Sports Biomech 2020 Jul 7:1-16. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Serres, Greece.

The present study examined the construct validity of gymnastics-specific measurements of the shoulder flexor and extensor neuromuscular function. Fifteen male gymnasts and 18 male physical education (PE) students participated voluntarily. The electromyogram (EMG) of 3 flexor and 3 extensor shoulder muscles was assessed during isometric (45, 90, and 135º) and isokinetic (concentric and eccentric 60, 180, and 300º/s) shoulder flexion/extension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2020.1772861DOI Listing

Comparison of Survival Estimates Following Recurrence, Persistence, or Second Primary Malignancy in Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jul 7:194599820932872. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, LSU Health, Shreveport, Louisiana, USA.

Objective: This study investigated survival among patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) after recurrence, persistence, and second primary malignancies (SPMs).

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Patients were treated at a tertiary cancer center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820932872DOI Listing

The impact of theory of mind and neurocognition on delusionality in anorexia nervosa.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 7:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

First Department of Psychiatry, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens , Athens, Greece.

The current study aimed to examine the impact of theory of mind (ToM) deficits on body image delusionality in anorexia nervosa (AN) while accounting for the effect of other cognitive functions. ToM and other cognitive functions were assessed in 46 patients with AN and 42 healthy controls. We used the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale to assess the degree of delusionality of body image beliefs in AN patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2020.1786504DOI Listing

Stigma predicting fertility quality of life among Chinese infertile women undergoing fertilization-embryo transfer.

J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Jul 7:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Objective: To investigate stigma and fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) and identify predictors of FertiQoL in Chinese infertile women undergoing fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET).

Methods: A descriptive correlational design was adopted to investigate the association between stigma and FertiQoL in 588 infertile women undergoing IVF-ET. The personal information questionnaire, Infertility Stigma Scale (ISS) and FertiQoL tool were used to measure study variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0167482X.2020.1778665DOI Listing

Inhibition of USP14 induces ER stress-mediated autophagy without apoptosis in lung cancer cell line A549.

Cell Stress Chaperones 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer, accounting for more than 80% of this tumor. Ubiquitin-specific protease (USP) 14 is one of the 100 deubiquitinating enzymes that is overexpressed in lung cancer and has been validated as a therapeutic target. The aim of this study is to determine whether the accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins results in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated autophagy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12192-020-01125-wDOI Listing

How does "the Belt and Road" and the Sino-US trade conflict affect global and Chinese CO emissions?

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

The Administrative Centre for China's Agenda 21 (ACCA21), Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Beijing, 100038, China.

In the context of the rapid development of the Belt and Road (B&R) Initiative, the continuous transfer of Sino-US trade to the B&R countries is an important means to mitigate the threat of Sino-US trade, and the environmental impact of this transfer should be considered, so as to provide a scientific basis for China's policy formulation about achieving this possible trade transfer with minimized environmental impacts. This study proposes a multiregional input-output model and analyzes the impact on carbon dioxide (CO) emissions of transferring the Sino-US trade to the B&R countries for two types of scenarios. The results show the following: (1) A transfer of either the import trade or the export trade increases global and Chinese CO emissions by 81. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09935-2DOI Listing

Types, occurrence, and distribution of microplastics and metals contamination in sediments from south west of Kerkennah archipelago, Tunisia.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Sfax, Route de Soukra km 4, PO. Box 1175, 3038, Sfax, Tunisia.

Microplastics (MPs) are one of the most significant solid waste pollutants in the marine environment and accumulate in sediments around worldwide. In this study, the pollution level, the type, occurrence, and distribution of MPs in sediments from the southwestern Kerkennah archipelago, Tunisia, were investigated. Sediment samples were collected from 20 adjacent sites through three "lines L1, L2, and L3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09938-zDOI Listing

Modeling sediment diagenesis processes on riverbed to better quantify aquatic carbon fluxes and stocks in a small watershed of the Mid-Atlantic region.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Jul 6;15(1):13. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Beltsville, MD, 20705-2350, USA.

Background: Despite the widely recognized importance of aquatic processes for bridging gaps in the global carbon cycle, there is still a lack of understanding of the role of riverbed processes for carbon flows and stocks in aquatic environments. Here, we added a sediment diagenesis and sediment carbon (C) resuspension module into the SWAT-C model and tested it for simulating both particulate organic C (POC) and dissolved organic C (DOC) fluxes using 4 years of monthly observations (2014-2017) in the Tuckahoe watershed (TW) in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00148-1DOI Listing

Epidemiology and outcome analysis of burns during explosion accident at a major center in Southwestern China from 2002 to 2016.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Institute of Burn Research, State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burn and Combined Injury, Key Laboratory of Disease Proteomics of Chongqing, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China.

Explosions always lead to serious public health, social and economic problems. We investigated the epidemiology, outcomes and costs of burn patients caused by explosion accident in Southwest China to explore more effective prevention and treatment strategies. This retrospective study included 497 inpatients with burns during explosion accident admitted to the Institute of Burn Research of Army Medical University from 2002 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa103DOI Listing

Effect of Trabeculectomy on OCT Measurements of the Optic Nerve Head Neuroretinal Rim Tissue.

Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2020 Jan-Feb;3(1):32-39. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Legacy Devers Eye Institute, Portland, OR, United States.

Purpose: Ophthalmologists commonly perform glaucoma surgery to treat progressive glaucoma. Few studies have examined the stability of OCT neuroretinal rim parameters after glaucoma surgery for ongoing detection of glaucoma progression.

Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ogla.2019.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7337263PMC
October 2019

Synthesis and evaluation of F labeled crizotinib derivative [F]FPC as a novel PET probe for imaging c-MET-positive NSCLC tumor.

Bioorg Med Chem 2020 Aug 30;28(15):115577. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

c-MET-positive NSCLC is an important subtype accounting for about 5%~22% of lung cancer. NSCLC patients with activating c-MET are intensively sensitive to c-MET selective receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitors, so we aimed to develop a specific PET probe targeting to c-MET-positive NSCLC for potential patients screened by PET/CT. Herein, PET tracer F-radiolabeled crizotinib derivative ([F]FPC) was successfully achieved through a simple one-step F-labeling method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2020.115577DOI Listing

A comparison of passive surveillance and active cluster-based surveillance for dengue fever in southern coastal Ecuador.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jul 6;20(1):1065. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Institute for Global Health and Translational Science, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 505 Irving Avenue Suite 4200, Syracuse, NY, USA.

Background: Dengue is a major emerging infectious disease, endemic throughout the tropics and subtropics, with approximately 2.5 billion people at risk globally. Active (AS) and passive surveillance (PS), when combined, can improve our understanding of dengue's complex disease dynamics to guide effective, targeted public health interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09168-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336448PMC

Decreased Physical Activity and Sleep, Not Sport Specialization, Predict Illness in Middle School Athletes.

Sports Health 2020 Jul 6:1941738120927599. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.

Background: The relationships between sport specialization, physical activity, sleep, and illness in younger athletes are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the independent effects of sport specialization, sleep, and physical activity on illness in middle school athletes.

Hypothesis: Decreased sleep, decreased physical activity, and higher levels of sport specialization will be associated with an increased risk of illness among middle school athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1941738120927599DOI Listing

The Legal Consequences of Research Misconduct: False Investigators and Grant Proposals.

J Law Med Ethics 2020 Jun;48(2):331-339

Eric A. Fong, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Management at the University of Alabama in Huntsville and graduated from the University of Florida in Gainesville, FL with a Ph.D. in 2004. Allen W. Wilhite, Ph.D., is a Professor of Economics at the University of Alabama in Huntsville and graduated from the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign, IL with a Ph.D in 1981. Charles Hickman, J.D., is a retired Associate Clinical Professor of Accounting and Business Law. He earned his Master of Letters and Laws - Taxation from the University of Missouri in Kansas City, MO in 1989 and his Juris Doctor - Law from the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, AR in 1985. Yeolan Lee, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Management at University of Alabama in Huntsville and graduated from The Ohio State University in Columbus, OH with a Ph.D. in 2013.

In a survey on research misconduct, roughly 20% of the respondents admitted that they have submitted federal grant proposals that include scholars as research participants even though those scholars were not expected to contribute to the research effort. This manuscript argues that adding such false investigators is illegal, violating multiple federal statutes including the False Statements Act (18 U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073110520935347DOI Listing