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Accounting Organizations And Society[Jo... Publications | PubFacts

81,252 results match your criteria Accounting Organizations And Society[Journal]


Causes of mortality in cases with extra nodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: A cohort study.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0214860. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

Objective: Extra nodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type is a rare and highly aggressive type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) commonly presented in the nasal cavity or lymphatic system. However, the common causes of mortality in ENKTL remain unclear. We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study to elucidate the different causes of mortality in ENKTL and illustrate the main causal and associated risk factors leading to death. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214860PLOS

The credibility of scientific communication sources regarding climate change: A population-based survey experiment.

Public Underst Sci 2019 Apr 17:963662519840946. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain.

This article analyses whether different institutional sources of scientific information have an impact on its credibility. Through a population-based survey experiment of a national representative sample of the Spanish public, we measure the credibility that citizens attribute to scientific information on the evolution of CO emissions disclosed by different institutional sources (business associations, government, non-government environmental organisations, international bodies and national research institutions). The findings show that an institutional credibility gap exists in science communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0963662519840946DOI Listing

Gastro-esophageal reflux and serum biomarkers in systemic sclerosis-related interstitial lung disease.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Rheumatology, Tareev Clinic of Internal Diseases, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc) accounting for every third SSc-related death (1). Patients with SSc-ILD have a variable clinical course and can present both with a relatively stable/slowly declining lung function or severe/rapidly progressive pulmonary fibrosis. Therefore, not all patients will require aggressive immunosuppression that can provide more harm than benefit in a proportion of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.40909DOI Listing

Maternal hemoglobin concentrations across pregnancy and maternal and child health: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Maternal anemia is a well-recognized global health problem; however, there remain questions on specific hemoglobin (Hb) thresholds that predict health risk or protection for mother and child. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the associations of maternal Hb concentrations with a range of maternal and infant health outcomes, accounting for the timing of measurement (preconception, and first, second, and third trimesters), etiology of anemia, and cutoff category. The systematic review included 272 studies and the meta-analysis included 95 studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14093DOI Listing

Polygenic risk scores in coronary artery disease.

Curr Opin Cardiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine and Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Large genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified variants accounting for a substantial portion of the heritable risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). These studies have not only catalyzed drug discovery but also have opened the possibility of improved risk prediction and stratification. Here we review the current state-of-the art in polygenic risk scores (PRSs) and look to the future, as these scores move towards clinical application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HCO.0000000000000629DOI Listing

[Effect of reduced nitrogen fertilization on carbon footprint in spring maize-late rice production system].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2019 Apr;30(4):1397-1403

College of Environment and Resource Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

With the growing concerns on global climate change and food security, low carbon agriculture in food production attracts more attention. Low carbon agriculture needs to balance higher-level crop yields and lower greenhouse gas emission in production process. Improving nitrogen mana-gement may help mitigate greenhouse gas emission and achieve stable or higher crop yields in crop production systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201904.038DOI Listing

[Ammonia volatilization and nitrogen use efficiency in the field of fresh edible maize as affec-ted by different band fertilization depths of controlled-release urea].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2019 Apr;30(4):1295-1302

Institute of Plant Protection and Soil Fertilizer, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Fertilization from Agricultural Wastes, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Wuhan 430064, China.

A field experiment was conducted to examine the effects of controlled-release urea (CRU) application on ammonia (NH) volatilization, nitrogen (N) use efficiency and fresh ear yield of fresh edible maize. The treatments included one control (CK: no N fertilizer application) and four different band fertilization depths (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 cm). Results showed that NH volatilization from non-fertilization band and planting band mainly occurred in the first two weeks after the fertilization, which lasted for almost a month in the fertilization band. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201904.004DOI Listing

Duplicated Internal Auditory Canal: High-Resolution CT and MRI Findings.

Korean J Radiol 2019 May;20(5):823-829

Imaging Center, the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining, China.

Objective: To summarize the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) features of duplicated internal auditory canals (DIACs).

Materials And Methods: Ear HRCT data of 64813 patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), obtained between August 2009 and November 2017, were reviewed. Among these patients, 12 (13 ears) were found to have DIACs, 9 of whom underwent HRMRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2018.0065DOI Listing

Pre-marital predictors of marital violence in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, 64 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA.

Purpose: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive public health problem. Existing research has focused on reports from victims and few studies have considered pre-marital factors. The main objective of this study was to identify pre-marital predictors of IPV in the current marriage using information obtained from husbands and wives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01703-zDOI Listing

Selective protein enrichment in calcium oxalate stone matrix: a window to pathogenesis?

Urolithiasis 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Medicine/Division of Nephrology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA.

Urine proteins are thought to control calcium oxalate stone formation, but over 1000 proteins have been reported in stone matrix obscuring their relative importance. Proteins critical to stone formation should be present at increased relative abundance in stone matrix compared to urine, so quantitative protein distribution data were obtained for stone matrix compared to prior urine proteome data. Matrix proteins were isolated from eight stones (> 90% calcium oxalate content) by crystal dissolution and further purified by ultradiafiltration (> 10 kDa membrane). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00240-019-01131-3DOI Listing

Higher dose but not low dose proton pump inhibitors are associated with increased risk of subsequent hip fractures after first hip fracture: A nationwide observational cohort study.

Bone Rep 2019 Jun 1;10:100204. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology, Hanusch Hospital of the WGKK and AUVA Trauma Center, 1 Medical Department at Hanusch Hospital, Heinrich Collin Str. 30, 1140 Vienna, Austria.

Aim: To examine the association of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use with subsequent hip fracture incidence in hip fracture patients, accounting for gender, age, PPI doses, PPI initiation before or after first fracture, and year from first fracture in which the first subsequent fracture occurred.

Methods: Data from 31,668 Austrian patients ≥50 years with the first hip fracture between July 2008 and December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. After exclusion of patients on anti-osteoporotic medication, incidence of subsequent hip fractures was compared between users and non-users of PPIs using regression models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bonr.2019.100204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451165PMC

Unintentional falls mortality in China, 2006-2016.

J Glob Health 2019 Jun;9(1):010603

National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Beijing, China.

Background: To examine trends in unintentional falls mortality from 2006 to 2016 in China by location (urban/rural), sex, age group and mechanism.

Methods: Mortality data were retrieved from the National Disease Surveillance Points system (DSPs) of China, a nationally representative data source. Percent change in mortality between 2006 and 2016 was calculated as "mortality rate ratio - 1" based on a negative binomial regression model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7189/jogh.09.010603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445498PMC

A Case of Locally Advanced Breast Cancer in a 59-Year-Old Man Requiring a Modified Approach to Management.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 17;20:531-536. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of General Surgery, Surgical Oncology Unit, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Male breast cancer is rare, accounting for approximately 1% of all malignancies in men. The lack of awareness of this rare cancer results in delayed diagnosis and its aggressive behavior can result in poor prognosis. This report is of a case of locally advanced, high-grade breast cancer in a 59-year-old man who was reluctant to undergo diagnostic procedures, and describes the approach to clinical management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.915377DOI Listing

Genetic interaction and molecular evolution of the duplicated genes ICARUS2 and ICARUS1 confer growth adaptation to ambient temperature in Arabidopsis.

Plant Cell 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

CNB-CSIC N/A, CNB-CSIC, Darwin 3, Madrid 28049 CITY: Madrid STATE: Sp POSTAL_CODE: N/A Spain [ES]

Understanding plant adaptation to ambient temperature has become a major challenge impelled by current global climate change. This has led to the identification of several genes regulating the thermal plasticity of growth and flowering time. However, the mechanisms accounting for the natural variation and evolution of such developmental plasticity remain mostly unknown. Read More

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http://www.plantcell.org/lookup/doi/10.1105/tpc.18.00938
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.18.00938DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mutations in ATP13A2 (PARK9) are associated with an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-like phenotype, implicating this locus in further phenotypic expansion.

Hum Genomics 2019 Apr 16;13(1):19. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for Human Disease Modeling, Duke University Medical Center, Carmichael Building, 300 North Duke Street, Suite 48-118, Durham, NC, 27701, USA.

Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [1] is a genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by late-onset degeneration of motor neurons leading to progressive limb and bulbar weakness, as well as of the respiratory muscles, which is the primary cause of disease fatality. To date, over 25 genes have been implicated as causative in ALS with C9orf72, SOD1, FUS, and TARDBP accounting for the majority of genetically positive cases.

Results: We identified two patients of Italian and French ancestry with a clinical diagnosis of juvenile-onset ALS who were mutation-negative in any of the known ALS causative genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40246-019-0203-9DOI Listing

Establishing a common instantaneous center of rotation for the metatarso-phalangeal and metatarso-sesamoid joints: a theoretical geometric model based on specific morphometrics.

J Orthop Surg Res 2019 Apr 16;14(1):107. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for Statistical Research and Methodology, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, D.C., USA.

Background: Previous research has identified separate sagittal plane instantaneous centers of rotation for the metatarso-phalangeal and metatarso-sesamoid joints, but surprisingly, it does not appear that any have integrated the distinctive morphological characteristics of all three joints and their respective axes into a model that collectively unifies their functional motions. Since all joint motion is defined by its centers of rotation, establishing this in a complicated multi-dimensional structure such as the metatarso-phalangeal-sesamoid joint complex is fundamental to understanding its functionality and subsequent structural failures such as hallux abducto valgus and hallux rigidus.

Methods: Based on a hypothesis that it is possible to develop an instantaneous center of rotation common to all four osseous structures, specific morphometrics were selected from a sequential series of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1110-4DOI Listing

Cardiorespiratory Fitness and the Risk of First Acute Myocardial Infarction: The HUNT Study.

J Am Heart Assoc 2019 May;8(9):e010293

1 Department of Public Health and Nursing Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Trondheim Norway.

Background The majority of studies evaluating cardiorespiratory fitness ( CRF ) as a cardiovascular risk factor use cardiovascular mortality and not cardiovascular disease events as the primary end point, and generally do not include women. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of estimated CRF ( eCRF ) with the risk of first acute myocardial infarction ( AMI ). Methods and Results We included 26 163 participants (51. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.010293DOI Listing

Hybrid QM/MM vs Pure MM Molecular Dynamics for Evaluating Water Distribution within p21 and the Resulting GTP Electronic Density.

J Phys Chem B 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

p21 proteins activity, regulated by GTP hydrolysis, constitutes an active field of research for the development of cancer targeted therapies that would concern ∽30% of human tumors to which specific mutations have been associated. Indeed, the catalyzing mechanisms provided by the protein environment during GTP hydrolysis, and how they are impaired by specific mutations, remain to be fully elucidated. In this article, we present results from Molecular Mechanics (MM) Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations and Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations carried out for wild-type p21 and six Gln 61 mutants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b02660DOI Listing

Urban sprawl in China: Differences and socioeconomic drivers.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 8;673:367-377. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

School of Finance, Shanghai Lixin University of Accounting and Finance, Shanghai 201209, China. Electronic address:

China's unprecedented urbanization has resulted in accelerating urban sprawl, which is threatening the country's eco-environmental quality and socioeconomic sustainability. In this study, we integrated urban land census data and urban district population data to examine the pattern of urban sprawl and identify differences, and to investigate the socioeconomic drivers of urban sprawl in China between 2006 and 2014. The results revealed that China has experienced drastic urban sprawl over almost all of the last decade with an average urban sprawl index (USI) of 3. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193160
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.080DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The gut-brain relationship: Investigating the effect of multispecies probiotics on anxiety in a randomized placebo-controlled trial of healthy young adults.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 8;252:271-277. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, Houston Baptist University, 7502 Fondren Rd, Houston, TX 77074, United States.

Intro: There has been an increased interest in understanding the therapeutic effect of gut-microbiota on health, particularly in mental health. However, limited research into the connection between gut-microbiota and mental health makes this study an important endeavor in exploring the effect of gut-microbiota, through probiotics intervention, on mental health like anxiety and factors related to anxiety (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.043DOI Listing

Density Functional Theory Descriptors for Ionic Liquids and the Introduction of a Coulomb Correction.

J Phys Chem A 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

As a result of continuing ionic liquid research, it becomes clearer that charge transfer in ionic liquids has a physical reality. In a recent publication, we demonstrated the utility of simple DFT descriptors to estimate charge transfer for a large number of ion combinations, which is possible because the ions are treated separately. A major disadvantage found was that the charge transfer was systematically overestimated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.9b01831DOI Listing

In a father's mind: paternal reflective functioning, sensitive parenting, and protection against socioeconomic risk.

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Apr 16:1-22. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

e Department of Psychological Science , University of California , Irvine , CA , USA.

This study utilized attachment theory as a framework for understanding how fathers' reflective functioning (RF) and social emotional (SE) and autonomy (AU) supportive behaviors relate to children's emotion regulation (ER) beyond effects of mothers' RF. Moreover, the study explored how fathers' RF may be a protective factor against risks associated with low income. Fathers (n = 77) and their toddlers participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1582596DOI Listing

Mental health professionals' perceived clinical utility of the ICD-10 vs. ICD-11 classification of personality disorders.

Personal Ment Health 2019 May;13(2):84-95

Psychiatric Research Unit, Region Zealand, Copenhagen University Hospital, Slagelse, Denmark.

Aim: The ICD-11 classification of personality disorders (PDs) has adopted a dimensional approach which includes three levels of severity (mild, moderate and severe) with the option of specifying five trait qualifiers (negative affectivity, detachment, dissociality, disinhibition and anankastia) and one borderline pattern qualifier. This study examined mental health professionals' perceived clinical utility of the ICD-11 PD framework compared with the ICD-10 categorical PD framework.

Method: A sample of 163 mental health professionals (primarily psychologists, nurses and medical doctors) completed a survey in which they were asked to apply the ICD-10 and ICD-11 PD classifications on one of their patients followed by judgement of their clinical utility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmh.1442DOI Listing

Paranoia and risk of personality disorder in the general population.

Personal Ment Health 2019 May;13(2):107-116

Unidad de Salud Mental, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio de Granada, Instituto Biosanitario de Granada, Servicio Andaluz de Salud, Granada, Spain.

Background: We hypothesized that paranoia is associated with personality disorder (PD) in the general population.

Method: This was a population-based cross-sectional survey carried out in Andalusia (Spain) using a representative sample of 4 507 participants. Paranoia was measured using the Green Paranoid Thought Scale, and risk of having a PD was screened using the Standardized Assessment of Personality Abbreviated Scale whilst borderline personality disorder (BPD) was measured with the CEPER-III Exploratory Interview of Personality disorder. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pmh.1443
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmh.1443DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

How production-based and consumption-based emissions accounting systems change climate policy analysis: the case of CO convergence.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli, Aydın, Turkey.

Much of the existing research analyses on emissions and climate policy are dominantly based on emissions data provided by production-based accounting (PBA) system. However, PBA provides an incomplete picture of driving forces behind these emission changes and impact of global trade on emissions, simply by neglecting the environmental impacts of consumption. To remedy this problem, several studies propose to consider national emissions calculated by consumption-based accounting (CBA) systems in greenhouse gas (GHG) assessments for progress and comparisons among the countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05007-2DOI Listing

Using Food to Soothe in Infancy is Prospectively Associated with Childhood BMI in a Population-Based Cohort.

J Nutr 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Feeding practices have been implicated in childhood overweight, but the long-term effects of using food to comfort a distressed child remain unknown.

Objective: This study examined whether the use of food to soothe in infancy was associated with later body composition, and whether children's eating behaviors mediate this relation.

Methods: Participants were 3960 children of Generation R, a population-based birth cohort in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy277DOI Listing

Basal Cell Carcinoma on a Nevus Sebaceous of Jadassohn: A Case Report.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2019 Mar 1;12(3):40-43. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Drs. Paninson, Trope, and Ramos-e-Silva are with the Sector of Dermatology, Postgraduation Course in Dermatology at the University Hospital and School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn, usually present at birth, is a hamartoma composed predominantly of sebaceous glands, which can progress to benign and malignant tumors. Malignant neoplasms on the nevus sebaceous occur in about 2.5 percent of cases, with basal cell carcinoma accounting for 1. Read More

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Gaze bias differences capture individual choice behaviour.

Nat Hum Behav 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

How do we make simple choices such as deciding between an apple and an orange? Recent empirical evidence suggests that choice behaviour and gaze allocation are closely linked at the group level, whereby items looked at longer during the decision-making process are more likely to be chosen. However, it is unclear how variable this gaze bias effect is between individuals. Here we investigate this question across four different simple choice experiments and using a computational model that can be easily applied to individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0584-8DOI Listing

Network constraints on learnability of probabilistic motor sequences.

Nat Hum Behav 2018 Dec 5;2(12):936-947. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Human learners are adept at grasping the complex relationships underlying incoming sequential input. In the present work, we formalize complex relationships as graph structures derived from temporal associations in motor sequences. Next, we explore the extent to which learners are sensitive to key variations in the topological properties inherent to those graph structures. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-018-0463-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0463-8DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Genetic characteristics and antibiotic resistance of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from pediatric patients with acute otitis media after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Japan.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Infectious Diseases, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Acute otitis media (AOM) occurs commonly in pediatric populations. We examined resistance genotype, antibiotic susceptibility, quinolone (QL) resistance, and multilocus sequence type (MLST) among Haemophilus influenzae isolates causing AOM following introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in Japan. The AOM surveillance group included 69 participating otolaryngologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.03.019DOI Listing

Design of Temperature Insurance Index and Risk Zonation for Single-Season Rice in Response to High-Temperature and Low-Temperature Damage: A Case Study of Jiangsu Province, China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 2;16(7). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

School of Economics and Management, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China.

Disaster insurance is an important tool for achieving sustainable development in modern agriculture. However, in China, the design of such insurance indexes is far from sufficient. In this paper, the single-season rice in Jiangsu Province of China is taken as an example to design the high-temperature damage index in summer and the low-temperature damage index in autumn to construct the formula calculating the weather output and single-season rice yield reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071187DOI Listing

Local atomic geometry and Ti 1s near-edge spectra in PbTiO and SrTiO.

Phys Rev B 2018 ;98

Materials Measurement Science Division, Material Measurement Laboratory,National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 USA.

We study Ti 1s near-edge spectroscopy in PbTiO at various temperatures above and below its tetragonal-to-cubic phase transition, and in SrTiO at room temperature. molecular dynamics (AIMD) runs on 80-atom supercells are used to determine the average internal coordinates and their fluctuations. We determine that one vector local order parameter is the dominant contributor to changes in spectral features: the displacement of the Ti ion with respect to its axial O neighbors in each Cartesian direction, as these displacements enhance the cross section for transitions to E-derived core-hole exciton levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.98.014111DOI Listing
January 2018

Disability-Adjusted Life-Years Due to Stroke in Kenya.

Neuroepidemiology 2019 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Background: There is little information on stroke morbidity in Kenya to inform health care planning. The disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) are a time-based measure of health status that incorporates both disability and mortality.

Methods: This was a multicenter prospective study in Kenya's public tertiary hospitals conducted in 2015-2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000498970DOI Listing

Light-induced formation of NO in endothelial cells by photoactivatable NADPH analogues targeting nitric-oxide synthase.

Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

LBPA, CNRS UMR8113, IDA FR3242, ENS Paris-Saclay, Université Paris-Saclay, F-94235 Cachan, France. Electronic address:

Background: Nitric-oxide synthases (NOS) catalyze the formation of NO using NADPH as electron donor. We have recently designed and synthesized a new series of two-photon absorbing and photoactivatable NADPH analogues (NT). These compounds bear one or two carboxymethyl group(s) on the 2'- or/and 3'-position(s) of the ribose in the adenosine moiety, instead of a 2'-phosphate group, and differ by the nature of the electron donor in their photoactivatable chromophore (replacing the nicotinamide moiety). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Identification of the Spectrotemporal Modulations That Support Speech Intelligibility in Hearing-Impaired and Normal-Hearing Listeners.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Apr;62(4):1051-1067

Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of California, Irvine.

Purpose Age-related sensorineural hearing loss can dramatically affect speech recognition performance due to reduced audibility and suprathreshold distortion of spectrotemporal information. Normal aging produces changes within the central auditory system that impose further distortions. The goal of this study was to characterize the effects of aging and hearing loss on perceptual representations of speech. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-H-18-0045DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

From abortion-inducing medications to Zika Virus Syndrome: 27 years experience of the First Teratogen Information Service in Latin America.

Genet Mol Biol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Sistema Nacional de Informação sobre Agentes Teratogênicos (SIAT), Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

In 1990, the first Teratogen Information Service in Brazil (SIAT) was implemented in the Medical Genetics Service at Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre. SIAT is a free-to-use information service both to health professionals and the general population, especially to women who are pregnant or planning pregnancy. The main objective of this paper is to present the activities of SIAT in its initial years (1990-2006), compared to those in the last decade (2007-2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2018-0111DOI Listing

Depressive symptom contagion in the transition to parenthood: Interparental processes and the role of partner-related attachment.

J Abnorm Psychol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology.

How depressive symptoms unfold within a couple during the perinatal events of pregnancy, childbirth, and early parenthood is poorly understood. In this prospective study, we aim to investigate the reciprocal relation between maternal and paternal depressive symptomatology, specifically how symptoms in 1 partner relate to subsequent symptom level changes in the other partner throughout the perinatal period. Further, we aim to identify parents who are particularly vulnerable to the development of disruptive processes of negative mood states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000429DOI Listing

Clinical Outcome of Children With Antenatally Diagnosed Hydronephrosis.

Front Pediatr 2019 29;7:103. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Hôpital des Enfants Reine-Fabiola, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

Fetal renal pelvis dilation is a common condition, which is observed in 1-4. 5% of pregnancies. In many cases, this finding resolves spontaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449796PMC

Mortality pattern of elderly patients at a tertiary care hospital: A study from Sub-Himalayan region, Uttarakhand, India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):426-431

Department of Paediatrics, Government Doon Medical College, Dehradoon, Uttarakhand, India.

Background: Currently, in developing countries like India, there is a paradigm shift in the mortality patterns of elderly from communicable to noncommunicable diseases.

Objective: This study is aimed at providing an insight on mortality patterns of elderly patients within a 2-year period in a tertiary hospital, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India.

Materials And Methods: This study is a retrospective review of mortality patterns of elderly patients from March 2016 to March 2018 occurring in the Department of General Medicine, in AIIMS, Rishikesh, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_416_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436249PMC
February 2019

Oral Antifungal Therapy: Emerging Culprits of Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reactions.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2019 Mar-Apr;10(2):125-130

Department of Dermatology, N.H.L. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Introduction: Antifungals are one of the most widely used drugs in dermatology practice for dermatophytosis. Oral antifungal therapy against superficial dermatophytosis is generally associated with a low incidence of adverse events in an immunocompetent population. However, lately, cutaneous adverse drugs reactions (CADRs) have been reported with varying incidence rates in the patients on oral antifungal therapy with many uncommon morphological patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/idoj.IDOJ_353_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434756PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Daily Maximum Temperatures Induce Lagged Effects on Leaf Unfolding in Temperate Woody Species Across Large Elevational Gradients.

Front Plant Sci 2019 28;10:398. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

SwissForestLab, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.

The timing of leaf unfolding in temperate woody species is predominantly controlled by the seasonal course of temperature in late winter and early spring. However, quantifying lagged temperature effects on spring phenology is still challenging. Here, we aimed at investigating lagged and potentially non-linear effects of daily maximum temperatures on the probability of leaf unfolding in temperate woody species growing across large elevational gradients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447654PMC

A Multidimensional IRT Approach for Dynamically Monitoring Ability Growth in Computerized Practice Environments.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:620. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, imec-ITEC, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Adaptive learning systems have received an increasing attention as they enable to provide personalized instructions tailored to the behaviors and needs of individual learners. In order to reach this goal, it is desired to have an assessment system, monitoring each learner's ability change in real time. The Elo Rating System (ERS), a popular scoring algorithm for paired competitions, has recently been considered as a fast and flexible method that can assess learning progress in online learning environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00620DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450197PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Serum metabolite profiling of familial adenomatous polyposis using ultra performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry.

Cancer Biol Ther 2019 Apr 14:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

a Medical School of Chinese PLA , Chinese PLA General Hospital , Beijing , China.

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominantly inherited intestinal polyposis syndrome accounting for about 1% of colorectal cancers (CRC). Despite increasing researches on the molecular pathogenesis of CRC, we are still unclear about metabolic pathways and alterations probably involved in the development of CRC. To obtain new insights into the mechanisms underlying APC mutation and to elucidate the mechanisms of CRC development, we performed to identify the potential metabolites in FAP based on metabolomic strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15384047.2019.1595277DOI Listing

Genomics of radiation sensitivity in squamous cell carcinomas.

Pharmacogenomics 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Centre, 11 Hospital Drive, 169610, Singapore.

Radiotherapy is an important modality in the management of squamous cell cancers with 50% of patients receiving radiotherapy at some point. Despite technological advances, the risk of severe toxicity in a proportion of radiosensitive patients limits radiation doses that can be safely prescribed affecting the potential for cure. While comorbidities, lifestyle and treatment factors can influence interindividual variations, genetic factors are thought to play a major role, accounting for approximately 80% of the variance observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/pgs-2018-0154DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Ophthalmic lesions in a population of cold-stunned sea turtles (Chelonia mydas, Lepidochelys kempii, Caretta caretta).

Vet Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Objective: To document ocular lesions present in cold-stunned sea turtles and determine the impact of these lesions on their release.

Animals: All sea turtles (Caretta caretta, Chelonia mydas, and Lepidochelys kempii) presenting to rehabilitation centers in North Carolina over two cold stun seasons.

Procedures: Complete ophthalmic examination using slit-lamp biomicroscopy, fluorescein stain, rebound tonometry, and occasionally binocular indirect funduscopy was performed within 1 week of presenting to the rehabilitation centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vop.12672DOI Listing

Breath Qigong Improves Recognition in Seniors With Vascular Cognitive Impairment.

Altern Ther Health Med 2019 Jan;25(1):20-26

Context: Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) or vascular dementia is widely considered to be the second-most-common cause of dementia after Alzheimer's disease, accounting for 20% of cases. Little is known about the effectiveness of breath qigong for seniors suffering from VCI or dementia.

Objectives: For seniors with VCI, the study aimed to compare the benefits of qigong practice, cognitive training, and qigong practice + cognitive training in improving cognitive function, memory, executive function, and daily problem-solving ability. Read More

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January 2019

Prospective association between ultra-processed food consumption and incident depressive symptoms in the French NutriNet-Santé cohort.

BMC Med 2019 Apr 15;17(1):78. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Université Paris 13, Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny, France.

Background: Ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption has increased over the last decades in Westernized countries. Our objective was to investigate for the first time the association between the proportion of UPF (%UPF) in the diet and incident depressive symptoms in the NutriNet-Santé cohort.

Methods: The sample included 20,380 women and 6350 men (aged 18-86 years) without depressive symptoms at the first Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) measurement, using validated cut-offs (CES-D score ≥ 17 for men and ≥ 23 for women). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1312-yDOI Listing

[Analysis of project results of preventive medicine from the National Natural Science Foundation of China in 2017].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Apr;53(4):433-436

Ministry of Medical Science, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China.

We analyzed the project results of preventive medicine from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) finished in 2017 based on the project-ending reports and data on science fund sharing service network. A total of 406 projects in this field were completed in 2017. A total of 3 122 published articles supported by these projects, including 1 789 articles in science citation index (SCI) journals and 525 articles in Chinese core journals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2019.04.021DOI Listing

[The total fluids intake among young adults from Hebei Province in spring].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Apr;53(4):345-349

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health/Laboratory of Toxicological Research and Risk Assessment for Food Safety, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.

To investigate the total fluids intake among college students in spring from Hebei. In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2019.04.003DOI Listing