482 results match your criteria Accountability in research[Journal]


Ethical consideration of the research proposal and the informed-consent process: an online survey of researchers and ethics committee members in Thailand.

Account Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

b Office of Research Services, Faculty of Tropical Medicine , Mahidol University , Bangkok , Thailand.

Researchers designing and conducting studies using human data should consider the values and principles of ethical conduct. Research ethics committees (RECs) typically evaluate the ethical acceptability of research proposals. Sometimes, differences arise between how researchers and RECs interpret ethical principles, and how they decide what constitutes ethical conduct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1608190DOI Listing

Emphasizing the experiences of researchers after RCR instructions: Introduction to Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) in Malaysia.

Account Res 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

a Pusat Citra UKM, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , 43600 Bangi , Selangor , Malaysia .

The purpose of this study is to highlight the experiences of individuals who participate in the Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training program held at various universities in Malaysia. In response to a mailing request sent to forty individuals who had undertaken a RCR training program, fifteen participants agreed to be interviewed. The results of the study showed that the three main reasons for participating in the training were: anticipation for knowledge gained; personal experience with research misconduct; and establishing a new network of researchers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1607312DOI Listing

Twentieth-century science education and 21st-century genetic engineering technologies: A toxic mix.

Authors:
Mark Yarborough

Account Res 2019 Mar 16:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

a Bioethics Program , University of California Davis , Sacramento , CA , USA.

I challenge the "convenient consensus" that He Jiankui is a "bad apple" in order to consider alternative explanations for why He may have ventured down the ill-considered path in his research that he did. The answer I want to proffer is that He was ill-equipped by his education and training in biomedical research to appropriately weigh the competing goods he encountered and thus was not able to be swayed by the clear guidance that basic ethical considerations would have provided. If true, this shows us why, much as we would like to take solace in him being a bad apple, we should be prompted by this episode to focus instead on systems level contributors to He's decisions that, if left unaddressed, will surely lead to similarly reckless episodes by other researchers in the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1596031DOI Listing

Effect of impact factor and discipline on journal data sharing policies.

Account Res 2019 Mar 7:1-18. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

e OHSU Library , Oregon Health & Science University , Portland , OR , USA.

Data sharing is crucial to the advancement of science because it facilitates collaboration, transparency, reproducibility, criticism, and re-analysis. Publishers are well-positioned to promote sharing of research data by implementing data sharing policies. While there is an increasing trend toward requiring data sharing, not all journals mandate that data be shared at the time of publication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1591277DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Stewardship of research resources.

Authors:
David B Resnik

Account Res 2019 Mar 1:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

a Bioethicist and IRB Chair National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences , National Institutes of Health , Research Triangle Park , NC , USA.

Most accounts of research ethics focus on the importance of a handful of ethical and epistemological norms for the conduct of science, such as honesty, integrity, transparency, accountability, objectivity, collegiality, fairness, social responsibility, but have little to say about another, less well-known norm that also deserves attention: stewardship of research resources. Many of the behaviors and practices that are widely regarded as unethical or ethically questionable involve wasting or misusing money, time, and other resources. While good stewardship of resources may not be as crucial to the ethics of science as other norms, it is an important consideration that scientists should keep in mind when managing their own resources or mentoring students and trainees in the responsible conduct of research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1585819DOI Listing

A single, open access journal may prevent the primary publishing problems in the life sciences.

Account Res 2019 Mar 1:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

b Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine , Göttingen , Germany.

Herein, we discuss a novel way to knit current life sciences publishing structures together under the scope of a single life science journal that would countermand many of the issues faced in current publishing paradigms. Such issues include, but are not limited to, publication fees, subscription fees, impact factor, and publishing in more "glamorous" journals for career health. We envision a process flow involving (i) a single, overall, life sciences journal, (ii) divided into sections headed by learned societies, (iii) to whom all scientific papers are submitted for peer review, and (iv) all accepted scientific literature would be published open access and without author publication fees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1582340DOI Listing

Preregistering qualitative research.

Account Res 2019 Mar 1:1-16. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

b Department of Methodology & Statistics , Tilburg University , Tilburg , The Netherlands.

The threat to reproducibility and awareness of current rates of research misbehavior sparked initiatives to better academic science. One initiative is preregistration of quantitative research. We investigate whether the preregistration format could also be used to boost the credibility of qualitative research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1580147DOI Listing

Is it time to revise the definition of research misconduct?

Authors:
David B Resnik

Account Res 2019 Feb 1;26(2):123-137. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

a National Institutes of Health , National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences , Research Triangle Park , NC , USA.

U.S. federal policy defines research misconduct as fabrication of data, falsification of data, or plagiarism (FFP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2019.1570156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368459PMC
February 2019

Can self-regulation deliver an ethical commercial literature? A critical reading of the "Good Publication Practice" (GPP3) guidelines for industry-financed medical journal articles.

Account Res 2019 Feb 24;26(2):85-107. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Toronto , Canada.

Much medical journal literature is developed by the pharmaceutical and device industries, sometimes with assistance from marketing agencies, writers, and academics. This literature is vulnerable to commercial bias. The publications trade issues self-regulatory ethical guidelines for its production, called "Good Publication Practice" (GPP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1564663DOI Listing
February 2019

Data falsification and question on academic integrity.

Account Res 2019 Feb 16;26(2):108-122. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

b College of Business Administration , Prince Sultan University , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.

In this commentary, we argue that plagiarism is not a new problem in academic publishing and data falsification in recent times has received a great attention globally. Due to lack of literature, the objective of this study is to evaluate data falsification and academic integrity. Accordingly, the study presents the academic misconduct (Falsification/Fabrication of data and Concerns/Issues About Data) case of Professor James E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1564664DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Understanding of plagiarism among North-African university hospital doctors (UHDs): A pilot study.

Account Res 2019 Feb 10;26(2):65-84. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

f Department of Physiology and Functional Explorations , Farhat Hached Hospital , Sousse , Tunisia.

No previous North-African study has evaluated the UHDs understanding of plagiarism (UP). This descriptive study aimed to assess UP among Tunisian UHDs. UHDs were recruited via electronic mails sent to all the Tunisian UHDs through the national health networks and by convenience sampling via a questionnaire provided directly to some UHDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1561290DOI Listing
February 2019

Addressing Procedural Challenges of Ethical Review System: Towards a Better Ethical Quality of Clinical Trials Review in Malaysia.

Account Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

c Dean's Office, Faculty of Medicine , University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia.

The review of clinical trials with human participants in Malaysia is governed by a decentralized control system. The clinical trial protocols are reviewed by 13 registered research ethics committees (RECs) in Malaysia. A governmental body, the National Pharmaceutical Control Bureau, is responsible for the inspection and oversight of these registered RECs to ensure that they comply with the regulatory requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1556646DOI Listing
December 2018

How to stop salami science - promotion of healthy trends in publishing behaviour.

Authors:
Jarosław Wawer

Account Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry , Gdańsk University of Technology , Narutowicza Str. 11/12, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland ; Tel; email: .

The career of scientists often depends on the number of their published works. This fact leads to the overproduction of low-quality papers burying the important articles and making the knowledge less accessible. One of the methods to counteract these negative aspects might lie in the promotion of healthy trends in publishing behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1556099DOI Listing
December 2018

Whistle blowing and research integrity: Potential remedy for research misconduct in Malaysian institutions of higher education.

Account Res 2019 Jan 7;26(1):17-32. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

a Pusat Citra UKM , Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , Bangi , Malaysia.

This study found that less than half of the respondents are willing to blow the whistle. The results reveal that a lack of protection with regard to the whistleblower's identity, the tedious investigative process, and the notion of avoiding confrontation, which is more apparent in Asian cultures as compared to the West, are among the reasons why individuals who witnessed misconduct chose to remain silent. Adhering to the Asian cultural upbringing where the young must respect the old, those of lower rank must obey those with higher authority, and subordinates do not question the actions of their superior, has become a norm even in the working environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1554444DOI Listing
January 2019

Internal and external factors of plagiarism: Evidence from Chinese public sector universities.

Account Res 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

e School of International and Public Affairs, Shanghai Jiao Tong University , 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai , 200030 , People's Republic of China.

Aims: This study explores the effects of internal and external factors that encourage plagiarism from the perspective of students.

Methods: We collected student data from five public sector universities in Anhui Province, China, by randomly distributing survey questionnaires to 250 students, 176 of which were usable. We analyzed the collected quantitative data through multiple regression analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1552834DOI Listing
November 2018

New Classification of Research Misconduct from the Viewpoint of Truth, Trust, and Risk.

Authors:
Toshio Kuroki

Account Res 2018 Oct-Nov;25(7-8):404-408

a Research Center for Science Systems , Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) , Tokyo , Japan.

Fabrication, Falsification and Plagiarism (FFP) and Questionable Research Practice (QRP) have been used worldwide in the classification of research misconduct. However, FFP comprises two distinct categories of misconduct: FF is extreme research misconduct that betrays truth, while P undermines trust of science community. Irreproducibility and inadequate practice of research also betray trust. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1548283DOI Listing
November 2018

Procedures to Promote Ethical Open Access Publishing: A Comment to Shaw and Elger.

Authors:
Zubin Master

Account Res 2018 Oct-Nov;25(7-8):417-418. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

a Biomedical Ethics Research Program , Mayo Clinic , Rochester , MN , USA.

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08989621.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1547966DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Unethical Aspects of Open Access.

Account Res 2018 Oct-Nov;25(7-8):409-416. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

a Institute for Biomedical Ethics , University of Basel , Basel , Switzerland.

In this article, we identify and discuss several ethically problematic aspects of open access scientific publishing. We conclude that, despite some positive effects, paid open access has at least three unethical aspects: it discriminates against researchers, creates an editorial conflict of interest, and diverts funding from the actual conduct of research. To be truly open access, all researchers must be able to access its benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1537789DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

'Text-work' in Research Ethics Review: The significance of documents in and beyond committee meetings.

Authors:
Julie Morton

Account Res 2018 Oct-Nov;25(7-8):387-403. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

a Department of Health and Society , University of Salford , Salford , UK.

This article analyzes how a formal text (the Ethics Review Form) available at National Health Service Research Ethics Committees (NHSRECs) in the United Kingdom was used in meetings. Derived from the work of Dorothy Smith on incorporating texts into institutional ethnography (IE), it proposes the concept of "text work" as a way into understanding more about decision-making in ethics review and describes the extent to which this formal text shaped and influenced review work. The research study used observations of committee meetings, field-notes and interviews to produce an ethnographic mapping of Research Ethics Committees' (RECs) work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1537790DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

National Scientific Misconduct Policies in Argentina: Two Definitions of Research Misconduct.

Account Res 2018 Oct-Nov;25(7-8):419-422. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

b Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas , Buenos Aires , Argentina.

In "An International Study of Research Misconduct Policies", Resnik et al. count Argentina in the list of countries without national research misconduct policies. In this paper, we clarify that Argentina has national policies of research misconduct and present the research misconduct definitions of two official science organisms: the National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) and the Ethics Committee of the Argentine Ministry of Science (MINCyT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1534589DOI Listing
October 2018

Developing a clinical trial governance framework for pharmaceutical industry-funded clinical trials.

Account Res 2018 Oct-Nov;25(7-8):373-386. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

a Departments of Academic Affairs , Tawam Hospital-Johns Hopkins Medicine Affiliate , Al Ain , United Arab Emirates.

Rising concerns relating to pharmaceutical sponsor bias in the conduct of clinical trials have compelled the need to develop a clinical trial governance framework. This article describes the development of the Conflict of Interest in Research (COIR), a clinical trial governance framework. The COIR, consisting of three process phases (initiation, concurrent, and ongoing), developed following a needs assessment, using a four-stage methodology, and evaluated against the International Conference on Harmonization--Good Clinical Practice (ICH-GCP) guidelines. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08989621.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1527222DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

How do researchers perceive research misbehaviors? A transcultural case study of Chinese and Flemish researchers.

Account Res 2018 27;25(6):350-369. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

a Centre for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy , Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) , Brussels , Belgium.

China has achieved a dramatic development in scientific research over the last few decades. However, just like many other countries, it has also seen a surge of scientific misconducts. With its expansion of international publications, retractions due to suspected research misconduct are also on the rise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1507824DOI Listing

Federal agencies can do more to ensure correction of the literature when research misconduct is found.

Authors:
Debra M Parrish

Account Res 2018 22;25(6):370-372. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

a Parrish Law Offices , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , USA.

Federal agencies can do more to ensure the integrity of the peer-reviewed literature including providing timely notice of misconduct findings or admissions regarding published articles, requiring the individual found guilty of misconduct to provide notice to affected journals, and to work with the journals and co-authors on making appropriate correction. The case of Andrew Cullinane underscores weakness in the current U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1505513DOI Listing

How U.S. research institutions are responding to the single Institutional Review Board mandate.

Account Res 2018 9;25(6):340-349. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

a National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health , Research Triangle Park , North Carolina , USA.

One of the most significant changes to the Common Rule is the requirement that institutions use a single Institutional Review Board (IRB) for cooperative research in the United States, unless more than one IRB is required by state, local, or tribal law, or a signatory federal agency decides an exception is warranted. We surveyed Human Research Protection Program (HRPP) officials at the top U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1506337DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336442PMC

Is failure to raise concerns about misconduct a breach of integrity? Researchers' reflections on reporting misconduct.

Account Res 2018 13;25(6):311-339. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

a Institute for Biomedical Ethics , University of Basel , Basel , Switzerland.

This article describes and discusses the views of researchers on the significance of raising concerns about scientific misconduct in their work environment and the reasons or circumstances that might deter them from doing so. In this exploratory qualitative research study, we conducted in-depth interviews with 33 researchers working in life sciences and medicine. They represent three seniority levels and five universities across Switzerland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1493577DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Are antidepressant and antipsychotic drug trials registered? A cross-sectional analysis of registration and reporting of methodologic characteristics.

Account Res 2018 25;25(5):301-309. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

a Therapeutics Initiative, Department of Anaesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , Canada.

Introduction: In 2005, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) proposed that all submitted trials in all 11 member journals must be prospectively registered in order to be considered for publication. Registering drug trials was meant to reduce the likelihood of selective reporting. The aim was to determine the proportion of antipsychotic and antidepressant trials that were registered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1486191DOI Listing

Associations between attitudes towards scientific misconduct and self-reported behavior.

Account Res 2018 25;25(5):290-300. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

b Centre of Medical Ethics , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.

We investigate the relationship between doctoral students' attitudes towards scientific misconduct and their self-reported behavior. 203 questionnaires were distributed to doctoral candidates at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo 2016/2017. The response rate was 74%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1485493DOI Listing

When the research is not reproducible: the importance of author-initiated and institution-driven responses and investigations.

Authors:
Bor Luen Tang

Account Res 2018 6;25(5):273-289. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

a NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering, Research Compliance and Integrity Office and Department of Biochemistry , National University of Singapore , Singapore.

Important and potentially useful findings in the sciences are under more intense public scrutiny now more than ever. Other researchers in the field dive into replicating and expanding the findings while the media swamps the community and the public with peripheral reporting and analyses. How should authors and the hosting/funding institutions respond when other workers in the field could not reproduce or replicate their published results? To illustrate the importance of author-initiated and institution-driven investigations in response to outcries of research irreproducibility, I draw on comparisons between three recent and well-publicized cases in the life sciences: betatrophin, Stimulus-Triggered Acquisition of Pluripotency (STAP) cells, and Natronobacterium gregoryi Argonaute (NgAgo). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1479257DOI Listing

Non-financial conflicts of interest: Moving forward!

Authors:
Alain Braillon

Account Res 2018 21;25(5):310. Epub 2018 May 21.

a University Hospital, 80000 Amiens , France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1476144DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read
0.717 Impact Factor

Informed consent comprehension among vulnerable populations in Ecuador: video-delivered vs. in-person standard method.

Account Res 2018 15;25(5):259-272. Epub 2018 May 15.

b Miller School of Medicine , University of Miami , Miami , Florida , USA.

The informed consent comprehension process is key to engaging potential research subject participation. The aim of this study is to compare informed consent comprehension between two methods: standard and video-delivered. We compared the in-person and video-delivered informed consent process in the Familias Unidas intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1470931DOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

How researchers perceive research misconduct in biomedicine and how they would prevent it: A qualitative study in a small scientific community.

Account Res 2018 22;25(4):220-238. Epub 2018 Apr 22.

a Department of Research in Biomedicine in Health , University of Split School of Medicine , Split , Croatia.

The aim of our study has been to use a qualitative approach to explore the potential motivations and drivers for unethical behaviors in biomedicine and determine the role of institutions regarding those issues in a small scientific community setting. Three focus groups were held---two with doctoral students and one with active senior researchers. Purposive sampling was used to reach participants at different stages of their scientific careers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1463162DOI Listing
April 2018
7 Reads

Letter to the editor: On plurality and authorship in science.

Authors:
Bor Luen Tang

Account Res 2018 5;25(4):254-258. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

a NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering , National University of Singapore , Singapore.

Moffatt argues that the "plurality of distinct accounts of scientific authorship" necessitates caution in attempts to identify unethical authorship practices, and urges that considerations be given to establishing a "single consensus account of authorship." The revised International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) criteria do capture the essential features of authorship in terms of "intellectual contribution" and "responsibility and accountability," which would clearly demarcate academically legitimate authorship from the common misdemeanors of ghost writing and honorary authorship. However, plurality in the practice of science and credit-sharing culture at the ground would likely render universal adoption or compliance of a single consensus account of authorship untenable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1457959DOI Listing

Repeating probability of authors with retracted scientific publications.

Account Res 2018 21;25(4):212-219. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

b RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science , Kobe , Japan.

Both the scientific community and the general public have expressed concern over scientific misconduct. The number of retracted articles has increased dramatically over the past 20 years and now comprises about .02% of the 2 million articles published each year. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08989621.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1449651DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

Inaction over retractions of identified fraudulent publications: ongoing weakness in the system of scientific self-correction.

Account Res 2018 20;25(4):239-253. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

a Rektorat , UMIT - Private Universität für Medizinische Informatik und Technik , Hall in Tirol , Austria.

Published articles may be retracted when their findings are no longer considered reliable due to honest error, publication misconduct, or research misconduct. This article focuses on the case of a single serial violator of research and publication ethics in anesthesiology and critical care, which is widely publicized. A chain of events led to detection of misconduct that had substantial impact on the evidence base for the safety of hydroxyethyl starch, an intravenous artificial colloid solution, which is reflected in current guidelines on fluid management and volume resuscitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1450143DOI Listing

Person-oriented research ethics: integrating relational and everyday ethics in research.

Account Res 2018 2;25(3):170-197. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

a Neuroethics Research Unit , Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal (IRCM) , Montréal , Québec , Canada.

Research ethics is often understood by researchers primarily through the regulatory framework reflected in the research ethics review process. This regulatory understanding does not encompass the range of ethical considerations in research, notably those associated with the relational and everyday aspects of human subject research. In order to support researchers in their effort to adopt a broader lens, this article presents a "person-oriented research ethics" approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1442218DOI Listing

Scientific authorship, pluralism, and practice.

Authors:
Barton Moffatt

Account Res 2018 21;25(4):199-211. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

a Department of Philosophy and Religion , Mississippi State University , Mississippi State , MS , USA.

In this article, I argue that understanding authorship requires that we grapple with the plurality of distinct accounts of scientific authorship. As a result, we should be careful in how we identify and quantify unethical practices such as ghostwriting. Judgements about who should be able to decide who is an author raise interesting questions about the autonomy of scientific practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1437347DOI Listing
February 2018

Perceptions of undergraduate pharmacy students on plagiarism in three major public universities in Egypt.

Account Res 2018 21;25(2):109-124. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

b Faculty of Pharmacy , Helwan University , Cairo , Egypt.

The survey aimed to capture the perceptions of undergraduate pharmacy students towards plagiarism in three major public universities in Cairo, Egypt: Helwan, Ain-Shams, and Cairo Universities. This was a paper-based self-administrated survey study. The questionnaire was validated by both content and face validation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1435997DOI Listing
February 2018

Attitudes toward text recycling in academic writing across disciplines.

Account Res 2018 24;25(3):142-169. Epub 2018 Feb 24.

c Department of Writing and Linguistics , Georgia Southern University , Statesboro , GA , USA.

Text recycling, the reuse of material from one's own previously published writing in a new text without attribution, is a common academic writing practice that is not yet well understood. While some studies of text recycling in academic writing have been published, no previous study has focused on scholars' attitudes toward text recycling. This article presents results from a survey of over 300 journal editors and editorial board members from 86 top English-language journals in 16 different academic fields regarding text recycling in scholarly articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1434622DOI Listing
February 2018

Researchers experience of misconduct in research in Malaysian higher education institutions.

Account Res 2018 1;25(3):125-141. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

a Pusat Citra UKM, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , Bangi , Selangor , Malaysia.

This article offers a qualitative analysis of research misconduct witnessed by researchers during their careers, either by research students or fellow researchers, when conducting or supervising research in their respective departments. Interviews were conducted with 21 participants from various research backgrounds and with a range of research experience, from selected universities in Malaysia. Our study found that misbehavior such as manipulating research data, misrepresentation of research outcomes, plagiarism, authorship disputes, breaching of research protocols, and unethical research management was witnessed by participants among junior and senior researchers, albeit for different reasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1429925DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Acceptance or decline of requests to review manuscripts: A gender-based approach from a public health journal.

Account Res 2018 22;25(2):94-108. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

d CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública , CIBERESP , Madrid , Spain.

Peer review in the scientific publication is widely used as a method to identify valuable knowledge. Editors have the task of selecting appropriate reviewers. We assessed the reasons given by potential reviewers for declining a request to review, and the factors associated with acceptance, taking into account the difference in the sex of the reviewer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2018.1435280DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

Researchers' interpretations of research integrity: A qualitative study.

Account Res 2018 1;25(2):79-93. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

a Institute for Biomedical Ethics , University of Basel , Basel , Switzerland.

Despite increasing interest in integrity issues, relatively few studies have examined researchers' own interpretations of integrity. As part of the Perspectives on Research Integrity in Science and Medicine (PRISM) project, we sought to explore how researchers themselves define research integrity. We conducted 33 semi-structured interviews with clinical and laboratory-based researchers from across Switzerland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1413940DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Grave fraudulence in medical device research: a narrative review of the PIN seeding study for the Pinnacle hip system.

Account Res 2018 ;25(1):37-66

c Department of Family Medicine , Brown University , Attleboro , Massachusetts , USA.

In 2001, DePuy, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson (J&J/DePuy), initiated a seeding study called the "Multi-center, Prospective, Clinical Evaluation of Pinnacle Acetabular Implants in Total Hip Arthroplasty" (PIN Study). J&J/DePuy designed this study to develop new business opportunities during the launch of their Pinnacle Hip System (PHS) and generate survivorship data for marketing. This article, the first review of a seeding trial for a medical device, examines internal company documents relating to the PIN Study; the analysis herein focuses on the integrity of J&J/DePuy's research practices in conception, implementation, and analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1405259DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

The protection of unrepresented patients in emergency care research.

Account Res 2018 27;25(1):21-36. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

a Department of Clinical Sciences , Lund, Lund University , Lund , Sweden.

In emergency care research, it may be the case that neither informed consent nor surrogate consent is possible. In order to nonetheless allow for such research, codes and regulations of research ethics have increasingly incorporated provisions regarding this specific situation. The protection that those provisions offer need to be better understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1404458DOI Listing

Attempts to redefine conflicts of interest.

Authors:
Marc A Rodwin

Account Res 2018 6;25(2):67-78. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

a Suffolk University Law School , Boston , Massachusetts , USA.

The traditional legal concept of conflict of interest is a practical tool to regulate conduct. In recent years several medical authors have defined conflicts of interest in ways that stray from its original legal meaning. The new definitions cause conceptual confusion and will result in policies that cannot be implemented effectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1405728DOI Listing
December 2017

Research ethics review for the use of anonymized samples and data: A systematic review of normative documents.

Account Res 2017 ;24(8):483-496

b Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Department of Public Health and Primary Care , University of Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.

While the anonymization of biological samples and data may help protect participant privacy, there is still debate over whether this alone is a sufficient safeguard to ensure the ethical conduct of research. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine whether the review of an ethics committee is necessary in the context of anonymized research, and what the considerations in said ethics review would be. The review of normative documents issued by both national and international level organizations reveals a growing concern over the ability of anonymization procedures to prevent against reidentification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1396896DOI Listing

The poor availability of syntaxes of structural equation modeling.

Account Res 2017 ;24(8):458-468

a Department of Methodology and Statistics, Tilburg University , Tilburg , The Netherlands.

The syntax or codes used to fit Structural Equation Models (SEMs) convey valuable information on model specifications and the manner in which SEMs are estimated. We requested SEM syntaxes from a random sample of 229 articles (published in 1998-2013) that ran SEMs using LISREL, AMOS, or Mplus. After exchanging over 500 emails, we ended up obtaining a meagre 57 syntaxes used in these articles (24. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1396214DOI Listing

Clarifying the concept of the "Social" in risk assessments for human subjects research.

Account Res 2018 30;25(1):1-20. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

b Texas A&M University at Qatar , Liberal Arts Program, Texas A&M Engineering Building , Doha , Qatar.

International guidelines for the conduct of research with human participants, such as those put forth by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS, 2002), recommend that research review committees account for social risk and benefits to society in their review of proposed research. What do the concepts of the "social" and "society" mean in the context of the review of human participants research? Here we analyze concepts of social and society to define the terms: social harm, social risk, social benefit, and benefits to society. We argue that use of these terms invite more questions than answers and beg for difficult empirical research to determine the nature, likelihood, and magnitude of this category of risk and benefit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1403323DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

What is Recklessness in Scientific Research? The Frank Sauer Case.

Account Res 2017 6;24(8):497-502. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

c North Carolina State University, Department of Biological Sciences , Raleigh , North Carolina , USA.

On May 22, 2017, administrative law Judge Leslie Rogall of the Department of Health and Human Services' Departmental Appeals Board, Civil Remedies Division, ruled in favor of the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) concerning its decision to charge former University of California at Riverside biochemistry professor Frank Sauer with research misconduct for fabricating or falsifying digital image data included in three papers and seven grant applications submitted to the National Institutes of Health. More specifically, Sauer was deemed responsible for manipulating, reusing, and falsely labeling images of autoradiograms and gels in his research in epigenetics. One month after this decision, ORI announced its final ruling concerning Sauer, which barred him from serving in any advisory capacity to the Public Health Services and required him to retract affected papers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1397517DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141194PMC
July 2018
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Malaysian researchers talk about the influence of culture on research misconduct in higher learning institutions.

Account Res 2017 ;24(8):469-482

a Pusat Citra UKM , Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , Bangi , Selangor , Malaysia.

Based on a previous survey by the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) in the USA, a considerable number of foreign research scientists have been found guilty of research misconduct. However, it remains unclear as to whether or not cultural factors really contribute to research misconduct. This study is based on a series of interviews with Malaysian researchers from the local universities regarding their own professional experiences involving working with researchers or research students from different countries or of different nationalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1399358DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Conflict of interest reporting in biomedical journals published in China.

Account Res 2017 30;24(8):451-457. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

c Department of Child Psychology, Children's Hospital , Zhejiang University School of Medicine , Hangzhou , China.

This study aimed to investigate the current status and policy of Conflict of interest (COI) reporting in biomedical journals in China. Thirty Chinese-language medical journals and 37 English-language biomedical journals indexed by Journal Citation Reports categories were included into this study. These 67 journals were all published in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08989621.2017.1392246DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read