49,118 results match your criteria Accident Analysis & Prevention [Journal]


Analysis of underwater gas release and dispersion behavior to assess subsea safety risk.

J Hazard Mater 2019 Jan 9;367:676-685. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Centre for Risk, Integrity and Safety Engineering (C-RISE), Memorial University, St John's, NL, A1B 3X5, Canada. Electronic address:

Underwater gas release and dispersion characteristics are important to assess and manage potential risks. This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation of underwater gas release and dispersion behavior. A small-scale experimental setup is designed and developed for underwater gas release and dispersion study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Origin and behavior of radionuclides in sediment core: a case study of the sediments collected from man-made reservoirs located in the past mining region in Central Slovakia.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University, Tajovskeho 40, 97401, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia.

The analyzed sediments were taken from the man-made reservoirs (Velka Richnava, Rozgrund and Vindsachta) located in an area intensively mined for polymetallic ores since the end of the eleventh century (Banska Stiavnica region, Central Europe). The aims of this study were to determine the radioactivity of natural (Ra, Th, Pb) and artificial (Cs and Am) radionuclides, compare the radionuclides' distribution, and indicate the correlation of radioisotopes and their origin related to sediment properties. Two analytical techniques were used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04136-yDOI Listing
January 2019

Rupture of sinus of valsalva - A 15 years single institutional retrospective review: Preoperative heart failure has an impact on post operative outcome?

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):24-29

Department of Cardiology, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: We reviewed our experience with ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (RSOV) to determine a correlation with preexisting heart failure (HF) and coexisting cardiac lesions (aortic regurgitation [AR] and ventricular septal defect [VSD]) to postoperative left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and postoperative outcomes.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review of RSOV cases over 15 years showed that RSOV repair was done in 87 patients. We looked for patients who presented with HF and patients having AR and/or VSDs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/24/250192
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_243_17DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Transurethral resection of prostate for acute urinary retention is linked to shorter survival in younger men.

Asian J Androl 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

S. H. Ho Urology Centre, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

It is largely unknown whether lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) or acute retention of urine (AROU) is linked to shorter life expectancy in men. We conducted a multicenter, retrospective database analysis of patients undergoing transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) to study their relationships. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis with stratification to age and indication of TURP were performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aja.aja_101_18DOI Listing
January 2019

Novel technologies in detection, treatment and prevention of substance use disorders.

J Food Drug Anal 2019 Jan 28;27(1):22-31. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Addiction Treatment Center, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir 35100, Turkey. Electronic address:

Substance use disorders are a widely recognized problem, which affects various levels of communities and influenced the world socioeconomically. Its source is deeply embedded in the global population. In order to fight against such an adversary, governments have spared no efforts in implementing substance abuse treatment centers and funding research to develop treatments and prevention procedures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfda.2018.09.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Network models of driver behavior.

PeerJ 2019 10;6:e6119. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

The way people behave in traffic is not always optimal from the road safety perspective: drivers exceed speed limits, misjudge speeds or distances, tailgate other road users or fail to perceive them. Such behaviors are commonly investigated using self-report-based latent variable models, and conceptualized as reflections of violation- and error-proneness. However, attributing dangerous behavior to stable properties of individuals may not be the optimal way of improving traffic safety, whereas investigating direct relationships between traffic behaviors offers a fruitful way forward. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330205PMC
January 2019

Pregnancy in Disability: Community Perceptions and Personal Experiences in a Rural Setting in Ghana.

J Pregnancy 2018 16;2018:8096839. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Persons with disabilities (PWDs) generally face strong discrimination and exclusion, especially with regard to their sexual and reproductive health. There is a prevailing social myth in Ghana that women with disabilities are asexual and cannot experience a positive motherhood experience. Although the World Health Organization recommends that research is conducted in this regard, community attitudes towards pregnant women living with disabilities remain largely unexplored. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jp/2018/8096839/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8096839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311281PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Lower Psychological Distress Levels among Returnees Compared with Evacuees after the Fukushima Nuclear Accident.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2019 01;247(1):13-17

Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine.

Psychological distress has become a serious health risk after the Fukushima nuclear accident. Although, following the lifting of evacuation orders, the affected people have started returning home, their current status of psychological distress has not been reported yet. Here, we report the levels of psychological distress in both returnees and evacuees by using a K6 indicator. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1620/tjem.247.13DOI Listing
January 2019

Dimensions of driving-related emotions and behaviors: An exploratory factor analysis of common self-report measures.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Jan 9;124:85-91. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Louisiana State University, Department of Psychology, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, United States.

Objective: A wide variety of driving self-report measures are purported to assess drivers' behaviors and emotions. However, little is known about the underlying factor structure of these measures. This study examined the factor structure of several self-report measures frequently utilized in the assessment of driving-related behaviors and emotions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Summary of temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities in the 80 km zone over five years after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident.

J Environ Radioact 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, 319-1195, Japan.

We summarized temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities over five years in the 80 km zone based on large-scale environmental monitoring data obtained continuously after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident, including those already reported in the present and previous special issues. After the accident, multiple radionuclides deposited on the ground were detected over a wide area; radiocesium was found to be predominantly important from the viewpoint of long-term exposure. The relatively short physical half-life of Cs (2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2018.12.020DOI Listing
January 2019

Analysis of 15 years of emergency service interaction with schools.

Emergencias 2018 Dic;30(6):424-432

Área de Urgencias, Hospital Clínic; Grupo de investigación: "Urgencias: procesos y patologías", IDIBAPS, Barcelona, España. Universitat de Barcelona, España.

En: For 15 years without interruption, the emergency department of the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona has been holding annual educational sessions for students in their last year of obligatory secondary school. The sessions are organized in collaboration with 3 other entities: the primary care center affiliated with the hospital and serving the area and adjacent to it (THE CAPSBE), the city's emergency ambulance service, and the University of Barcelona. Each year the session lasts 4 hours and covers such content as the organization of the city's emergency medical care (at primary care centers, in prehospital settings, and at the hospital) and the main reasons adolescents require emergency care (related to drugs, traffic accidents, psychiatric disorders, eating disorders, and gynecologic problems). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019
1 Read

Emergencies related to recreational drug abuse in Spain compared to emergencies attended in 3 European areas.

Emergencias 2018 Dic;30(6):384-394

Área de Urgencias, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona; Grupo de Investigación "Urgencias: Procesos y Patologías", IDIBAPS, Barcelona, España.

Objectives: To analyze epidemiologic, clinical, and care characteristics in cases in which patients came to 2 Spanish emergency departments (EDs) with symptoms caused by recreational drug abuse. To compare the characteristics with those reported for other areas of Europe.

Material And Methods: Secondary analysis of the registry of the European Drug Emergencies Network (Euro-DEN Plus), which collects cases in 14 European countries and 20 EDs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019
1 Read

A retrospective study of mandibular fractures in children.

J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 28;44(6):269-274. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College & Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Objectives: The incidence and patterns of mandibular fractures vary by country and population age. This retrospective study evaluated the etiologies and patterns of mandibular fractures in children.

Materials And Methods: The clinical records of 89 children (45 males and 44 females) aged 0 to 12 years who presented with mandibular fractures from July 2012 to June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5125/jkaoms.2018.44.6.269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327018PMC
December 2018

Safety Resources and Processes in MR Imaging Departments.

Radiol Technol 2019 Jan;90(3):225-236

Purpose: To identify current standards of safety practices, common safety resources in use, and gaps in workflow practices in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging departments.

Methods: Qualitative observational research and visual assessments of safety resources available at clinical rotation sites were conducted with subsequent open coding analysis.

Results: The sample varied in terms of the strength of MR systems, types of facilities, patient populations, and safety resources available. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019

Mortality and repeated poisoning after self-discharge during treatment for acute poisoning by substances of abuse: a prospective observational cohort study.

BMC Emerg Med 2019 Jan 11;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

General Practice Research Unit (AFE), University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Though substance use is a known risk factor for self-discharge, patients self-discharging during treatment for acute poisoning have not previously been described. We charted characteristics of patients self-discharging during treatment for acute poisoning by substances of abuse looking for associations between self-discharge, repeated poisoning, and death.

Methods: All patients 12 years and older treated for acute poisoning by substances of abuse at an emergency outpatient clinic in Oslo, Norway, were included consecutively from October 2011 through September 2012. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12873-018-0219-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329053PMC
January 2019

A predictive model to analyze factors affecting the presence of mild whiplash-associated disorders in minor motor vehicle crashes based on the Korean In-Depth Accidents Study (KIDAS) Database.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 Jan 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine , Yonsei University , Wonju , Korea.

Objectives: We aimed to analyze factors affecting the severity of mild whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) and to develop a predictive model to evaluate the presence of mild WAD in minor motor vehicle crashes (MVCs).

Methods: We used the Korean In-Depth Accident Study (KIDAS) database, which collects data from 4 regional emergency centers, to obtain data from 2011 to 2017. The Collision Deformation Classification code was obtained as vehicle's damage information, and Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale (MAIS), and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were used as occupant's injury information. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1519554DOI Listing
January 2019

One-stage reconstruction of complex soft tissue defects in the hands using multidigit, chimeric, lateral arm, perforator flaps.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, SuZhou, 235131, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To describe our experience using microsurgically fabricated, multilobed, chimeric, lateral arm (LA) flaps to reconstruct hand injuries with complex, multidigit, soft tissue defects and to evaluate the morbidity and esthetic and functional outcomes of the donor sites.

Methods: We performed a single center, retrospective analysis of 21 patients with hand wounds treated from October 2013 to February 2016. All patients underwent reconstruction using multilobed, chimeric, free, LA flaps. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2018.12.034DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

qSOFA is a Poor Predictor of Short-Term Mortality in All Patients: A Systematic Review of 410,000 Patients.

J Clin Med 2019 Jan 8;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Accident and Emergency Medicine Academic Unit, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Background: To determine the validity of the Quick Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) in the prediction of outcome (in-hospital and 1-month mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and hospital and ICU length of stay) in adult patients with or without suspected infections where qSOFA was calculated and reported; Methods: Cochrane Central of Controlled trials, EMBASE, BIOSIS, OVID MEDLINE, OVID Nursing Database, and the Joanna Briggs Institute EBP Database were the main databases searched. All studies published until 12 April 2018 were considered. All studies except case series, case reports, and conference abstracts were considered. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010061DOI Listing
January 2019

Neurological complications after thoracic endovascular aortic repair. Does the left subclavian artery coverage without revascularization increase the risk of neurological complications in patients after thoracic endovascular aortic repair?

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Jan 8;14(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Surgery, 4th Military Teaching Hospital, 5 Weigla street, 50-981, Wroclaw, Poland.

Introduction: One of the most severe complications after TEVAR is ischemic stroke and spinal cord ischemia (SCI) resulting in severe disability. These complications can be fatal up to 30% of cases, so it is very important to define risk factors associated with the occurrence of such events. The aim of this study was to define the causes and risk factors associated with the occurrence of neurological complications in patients after TEVAR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-018-0825-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325786PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Influence of energy absorbers on Malgaigne fracture mechanism in lumbar-pelvic system under vertical impact load.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2019 Jan 9:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Biomedical Engineering , Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Zielona Gora , Zielona Gora , Poland.

Malgaigne fractures are the most common and widespread pelvic injuries resulting from the shear forces the action mechanism of which has not been explained in the literature yet. Military accidents with improvised explosive devices (IED) perfectly reflect this type of pelvic fracture. The finite element (FE) model of lumbar-pelvic complex (LPC) was developed based on computed tomography (CT) scans with the seat including steel frame, padding and soft tissue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10255842.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2018.1553238DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Gendered work-family trajectories and depression at older age.

Aging Ment Health 2019 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Institute of Medical Sociology, Medical Faculty , Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf , Düsseldorf , Germany.

Objectives: The paper identifies types of work-family trajectories of men and women and investigates their links with depression at older age.

Method: We use data from the Heinz Nixdorf Recall study, with retrospective information on employment histories and parenthood between age 20 and 50 (1482 men and 1537 women, born between 1925 and 1955). We apply sequence analysis and group trajectories into six clusters for each gender. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2018.1501665DOI Listing
January 2019

Which Aspects of Food Value Promote Consumer Purchase Intent after a Disaster? A Case Study of Salmon Products in Disaster-Affected Areas of the Great East Japan Earthquake.

Foods 2019 Jan 4;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.

This research examined post-disaster consumer perception of food value and their effects on purchase intent by focusing on Japanese seafood industry after the Great East Japan earthquake. Online surveys on consumers living in Tokyo and Osaka Prefectures were conducted to investigate consumer value perceptions of Miyagi salmon in 2012 and 2015. Multiple-group structural equation modeling (SEM) on the 2012 survey results showed that desire to contribute to restoration (social value) had the greatest positive influence on purchase intent in both regions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods8010014DOI Listing
January 2019

Trends in Workplace Injuries in Slovak Forest Enterprises.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Jan 7;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Institute of Foreign Languages, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia.

The aim of the paper is to analyse the effect of key factors affecting the risk of workplace injuries and to identify the most common workplace accidents regarding injured body parts with respect to anthropometric data measurements of the population. Data associated with workplace accidents over the years 2000⁻2016 were drawn from the records of the state enterprise Forests of the Slovak Republic, situated in Banská Bystrica. Gathered data were processed and entered into the database complemented by the data on accidents of the self-employed working in the forestry industry. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010141DOI Listing
January 2019

Potential demand for voluntary community-based health insurance improvement in rural Lao People's Democratic Republic: A randomized conjoint experiment.

PLoS One 2019 8;14(1):e0210355. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Higashi-hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.

Introduction: In Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), community-based health insurance (CBHI) is the only voluntary insurance scheme; it typically targets self-employed people, most of whom reside in rural areas and are dependent on agricultural activities for subsistence. However, until very recently, the enrollment rate has fallen short and failed to reach a large percentage of the target group. To promote the CBHI scheme and increase demand, some supporting components should be considered for inclusion together with the health infrastructure component. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0210355PLOS
January 2019
3 Reads

How Work Intensification Relates to Organization-Level Safety Performance: The Mediating Roles of Safety Climate, Safety Motivation, and Safety Knowledge.

Front Psychol 2018 17;9:2575. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Applied Psychology: Work, Education, Economy, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Recent changes in the world of work have led to increased job demands with subsequent effects on occupational safety. Although work intensification has been linked to detrimental safety behavior and more accidents, there is so far no sufficient explanation for this relationship. This paper investigates the mediating roles of safety climate, safety motivation, and safety knowledge in the relationships of work intensification with components of safety performance at an organizational level. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02575
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305126PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Analysis of femoral fracture post motor vehicle accidents.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):41-44

Department of Surgery, Orthopedic Division, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To identify the prevalence of different types of femoral fractures post-motor vehicle accident (MVA) based on fracture location: proximal, middle and distal.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of all femoral fracture post-MVA x-ray charts carried out at the National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between November 2007 to December 2013.

Results: Among the 471 patients reviewed, most fractures were in male (87%) compared with female (13%) victims, with breaks more in the right femur (56%) than the left femur (44%). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.21547DOI Listing
January 2019

Through the ages - Aetiological changes in maxillofacial trauma.

Dent Traumatol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin Institute of Health Augustenburger, Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Aims: The number of maxillofacial traumas remain constant, however the affected patients become older. The aim of this study was to illuminate the patterns of maxillofacial fractures in a University Medical Centre and to analyse potential changes in patient population and treatment methods during a five year period.

Materials And Methods: In a retrospective analysis, the records of 573 patients with maxillofacial fractures treated in a level one trauma centre from January 2010 to December 2014 were analysed with regard to gender, age, date and time of hospitalization as well as discharge, etiology, type of fracture, surgery details, complications and further injuries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12462DOI Listing
January 2019

Trend analysis of nasal bone fracture.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 27;19(4):270-274. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: Nasal bone fractures occur frequently because the nasal bone is located at the forefront of the face. The goal of this study was to examine the cause, change in severity, change in incidence, and demographics of nasal bone fracture according to today's lifestyle.

Methods: A total of 2,092 patients diagnosed as having nasal bone fractures at our department between 2002 and 2017 were included in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2018.02264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325328PMC
December 2018

What are the social predictors of accident and emergency attendance in disadvantaged neighbourhoods? Results from a cross-sectional household health survey in the north west of England.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 6;9(1):e022820. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the most important determinants of accident and emergency (A&E) attendance in disadvantaged areas.

Design, Setting And Participants: A total of 3510 residents from 20 disadvantaged neighbourhoods in the North West Coast area in England completed a comprehensive public health survey.

Main Outcome Measures: Participants were asked to complete general background information, as well as information about their physical health, mental health, lifestyle, social issues, housing and environment, work and finances, and healthcare service usage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02282
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022820DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[Morphological analysis of cardiac rupture due to blunt injury, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and myocardial infarction in forensic pathology].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2018 Dec;38(12):1514-1520

College of Forensic Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Objective: To analyze the morphological features and forensic pathological characteristics of cardiac ruptures of different causes for their differential diagnosis.

Methods: We analyzed the data of 44 autopsy cases of cardiac rupture from 2014 to 2017 in our institute, including 11 cases caused by blunt violence with intact pericardium, 4 caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), 9 by myocardial infarction, and 20 by aorta dissection rupture.The gross features and histopathological characteristics of cardiac rupture and pericardial effusion were analyzed and compared. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2018.12.19DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Metabolic disturbances in non-obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Fertil Steril 2019 Jan;111(1):168-177

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China; National Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Reproductive Genetics, Jinan, People's Republic of China; The Key Laboratory of Reproductive Endocrinology (Shandong University), Ministry of Education, Jinan, People's Republic of China; Center for Reproductive Medicine, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China; Shanghai Key Laboratory for Assisted Reproduction and Reproductive Genetics, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To explore metabolic disturbances in nonobese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared with nonobese healthy controls.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Setting: Not applicable. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00150282183207
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.09.013DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Development of an accident prediction model for Italian freeways.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Jan 2;124:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

University of Florence, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Via S. Marta, 3, 50139, Firenze, Italy. Electronic address:

The roadway safety management process plays an important role in the national efforts for improving road safety along the Italian freeway network. In 2016, 8.3% of the overall Italian road deaths and 6. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.12.023DOI Listing
January 2019

Upregulated AHIF-mediated radioresistance in glioblastoma.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2019 Feb 31;509(2):617-623. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in the pathobiology of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Though radiotherapy remains the most effective component of multiple therapies for patients with GBM, lncRNAs conferring GBM radioresistance are less unknown. Here, the present study identified that the antisense transcript of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (AHIF) was upregulated in GBM cells after radiotherapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.12.136DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Myoelectric control algorithm for robot-assisted therapy: a hardware-in-the-loop simulation study.

Biomed Eng Online 2019 Jan 3;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Grupo de Automática y Diseño A+D, Cir. 1 #73-76, B22, Medellín, 050031, Colombia.

Background: A direct blow to the knee is one way to injure the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), e.g., during a football or traffic accident. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12938-018-0622-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318920PMC
January 2019

Injury severity levels and associated factors among road traffic collision victims referred to emergency departments of selected public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: the study based on the Haddon matrix.

BMC Emerg Med 2019 Jan 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, about 1.25 million people die annually from road trafficcollisions. Evidence from global safety report shows a decreasing trend of road traffic injury indeveloped countries while there is an increasing trend in many developing countriesincluding Ethiopia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12873-018-0206-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318925PMC
January 2019

Human and environmental factors affecting the activity of I and Cs in urban wastewater: A case study.

J Environ Radioact 2019 Mar 31;198:135-146. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

ETRA SpA Energia Territorio Risorse Ambientali, Largo Parolini 82, 36061, Bassano del Grappa (VI), Italy.

The analysis of radionuclides content in the waste product of urban wastewater treatment (i.e. sewage sludges) is of great concern for both the safety of workers and in a re-use perspective of the final product. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2018.12.026DOI Listing

Medical Problems of Way of St. James Pilgrimage.

Authors:
Peter Felkai

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Travel Medicine Chair, Internal Medicine Faculty, Debrecen University, Medical School, Szentendrei ut 301, Budapest, 1039, Hungary.

It appears that the El Camino pilgrimage route has become a long-distance trek and endurance test of the individual. The continuously increasing number of hikers demands more attention by travel medicine professionals. Analysis of the age groups of the pilgrims over recent years shows that the number of young pilgrims (< 30 years) is decreasing, but the number of middle-aged people (30-60 years) is slightly increasing, while the number of elderly people (> 60 years) is considerably increased. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00744-zDOI Listing
January 2019

The aetiology of posterior glenohumeral dislocations and occurrence of associated injuries.

Bone Joint J 2019 Jan;101-B(1):15-21

Tallaght University Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Aims: The glenohumeral joint is the most frequently dislocated articulation, but possibly due to the lower prevalence of posterior shoulder dislocations, approximately 50% to 79% of posterior glenohumeral dislocations are missed at initial presentation. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the most recent evidence involving the aetiology of posterior glenohumeral dislocations, as well as the diagnosis and treatment.

Materials And Methods: A systematic search was conducted using PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane (January 1997 to September 2017), with references from articles also evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://online.boneandjoint.org.uk/doi/10.1302/0301-620X.101
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B1.BJJ-2018-0984.R1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Venous thromboembolism in the emergency department: A survey of current best practice awareness in physicians and nurses in China.

World J Emerg Med 2019 ;10(1):5-13

Emergency Department, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: For emergency department (ED) patients, risk assessment, prophylaxis, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are essential for preventing morbidity and mortality. This study aimes to investigate knowledge amongst emergency medical staff in the management of VTE.

Methods: We designed a questionnaire based on multiple scales. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2019.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6264982PMC
January 2019

Iliac conduits remain safe in complex endovascular aortic repair.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Objective: Iliac conduits (ICs) are used for challenging iliac access during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with contradictory reports of safety and increased surgical complications, morbidity, and mortality in national database reviews. The objective of this study was to examine outcomes related to IC placement before or concomitant with EVAR at a high-volume single center.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent IC placement for endovascular aortic repair from 2006 to 2016 was conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.099DOI Listing
December 2018

Treatment with Melatonin Improves Cognitive Behavior and Motor Skills in a Rat Model of Liver Fibrosis.

Ann Hepatol 2018 Dec;18(1):101-108

Department of Biomedical Sciences. Faculty of Medicine. Universidad Católica del Norte. Coquimbo. Chile.

Introduction And Aim: Patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and minimal hepatic encephalopaty have a higher accident rate. LC impairs the normal sleep-awake cycle and produces disturbances in behavior, cognition and motor skills. Abnormal melatonin (MT) levels have also been identified in LC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.7867DOI Listing
December 2018

Analysis of Neurologic Complications After Surgical Versus Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ. Electronic address:

Ove the last decade, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has emerged as the recommended approach over surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for many patients with aortic stenosis. While initial trials demonstrated a higher incidence of stroke with TAVR compared to SAVR, the incidence of stroke appears to have improved over time. With the increasing number of patients expected to undergo TAVR in the coming decades, it is important to review the incidence and etiology of stroke after SAVR and TAVR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2018.11.011DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read
1.482 Impact Factor

Seatbelt use and risk of major injuries sustained by vehicle occupants during motor-vehicle crashes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 29;18(1):1413. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University London, London, UK.

Background: In 2004, a World Health Report on road safety called for enforcement of measures such as seatbelt use, effective at minimizing morbidity and mortality caused by road traffic accidents. However, injuries caused by seatbelt use have also been described. Over a decade after publication of the World Health Report on road safety, this study sought to investigate the relationship between seatbelt use and major injuries in belted compared to unbelted passengers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6280-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310927PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Coherence assessment of accident database kinematic data.

Accid Anal Prev 2018 Dec 26;123:356-364. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Università degli Studi di Firenze, Department of Industrial Engineering, Via di Santa Marta 3, 50139, Florence, Italy.

The analysis and research of accidents aimed at improving the safety of vehicles and infrastructures are typically based on the retrospective investigation of data that are collected in in-depth accident databases. In particular, kinematic data related to accidents (impact velocity, velocity change of the vehicles, etc.) make possible the identification of correlations between impact severity and injury risk (IR), as well as assessing the effectiveness of vehicle protection systems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018

Usefulness, assessment and normative data of the Functional Reach Test in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Dec 7;81:149-170. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Master's and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo - UNICID, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To identify the evidence about the usefulness of the Functional Reach Test to evaluate balance and falls risk; to verify the Functional Reach Test assessment method and other variables that could interfere in its results; and to establish normative data for older adults.

Data Sources: Manual and electronic searches (MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL, AgeLine and PsycINFO) were conducted with no language restrictions and published since 1990.

Study Selection: Observational studies about the Functional Reach Test in older adults with no specific health condition were selected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.11.015DOI Listing
December 2018

[Clinic analysis of 198 elder patients with maxillofacial fracture].

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 12;36(6):671-674

Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

Objective: The purpose of the study was to analyze the characteristics of elder patients with maxillofacial fracture.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the characteristics of maxillofacial fractures in the elder patients, who were treated from July 2010 to October 2017. The clinical characteristics of the etiology, fracture site, combined injury, systemic disease, and treatment method were analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7518/hxkq.2018.06.017DOI Listing
December 2018

[The features and treatment of Xixia "May 17th" explosion accident].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2018 Dec;30(12):1196-1199

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, the Affiliated Nanshi Hospital of Henan University, Nanyang 473065, Henan, China. Corresponding author: Wang Shuo, Email:

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the injury characteristics of victims and treatment strategies in the explosion accident on the 17th May 2018 in Xixia county (Xixia "May 17th" explosion accident).

Methods: Completion the Level Three treatment on time, which was depended on the leading role played by the regional trauma centers was the main rescuing mode of the work in Xixia county, where the primary and secondary treatments were the key parts. The three-level treatment model includes: the local hospital acts as a level-one emergency medical institution, county hospitals function as secondary emergency medical institutions, and other higher medical institutions are the tertiary first aid medical institutions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4352.2018.012.018DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Monovalent rotavirus vaccine effectiveness against rotavirus hospitalizations among children in Zimbabwe.

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 23. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Rotavirus is a leading cause of mortality among children <5 years old. Zimbabwe introduced rotavirus vaccine in May 2014. We evaluated monovalent rotavirus vaccine effectiveness (VE) under conditions of routine use at two surveillance sites in Harare, Zimbabwe. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy1096DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Total synthesis of C , N-imidacloprid with three stable isotopes in the pyridine ring.

J Labelled Comp Radiopharm 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurances, Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum (IPA), Bochum, Germany.

Imidacloprid (IC) is an important crop-protecting insecticide worldwide and commonly used for seed treatment. However, only few data are available on human toxicity of IC. Having in view the metabolic studies at low doses in humans and residue analysis of IC in food and consumer products, we elaborated the synthesis and prepared C , N-IC with three stable isotopes of the "heavy" atoms in positions 1, 2, and 3 of the pyridine ring. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jlcr.3703DOI Listing
December 2018

Experience of a neurology service during the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Neurol Clin Pract 2018 Dec;8(6):482-485

Rush University Medical Center (IRFdS), Chicago, IL; and Americas Medical City (IRFdS, LG, CBN, VC, BBL), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: We analyzed the utilization of acute neurologic care during the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data collected during the games.

Results: Sixty-three neurologic evaluations were performed in patients from the Olympic Family (OF), 22 of these involving athletes from 19 countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294525PMC
December 2018
1 Read