49,739 results match your criteria Accident Analysis & Prevention [Journal]


Epidemiology of Maxillofacial Fractures at a Teaching Hospital in Malaysia: A Retrospective Study.

Biomed Res Int 2019 13;2019:9024763. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Background/aim: Epidemiology of maxillofacial fractures (MFF) varies between populations. This study investigated the epidemiology of MFF treated at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) Unit, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).

Methods: A retrospective review of 473 medical records of patients with MFF treated from June 2013 to December 2015 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9024763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393910PMC
February 2019

Analysis of Provincial Mortalities Among Bus/Minibus Users Over Twelve Years, East Azerbaijan, Iran.

J Med Life 2018 Oct-Dec;11(4):312-319

Statistics and Epidemiology Department, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological features of bus/minibus users' road traffic injury mortalities during 2006-2017, in the East Azerbaijan province of Iran. All 245 bus/minibus users' mortalities, registered in the forensic medicine database, were analyzed by STATA 13 statistical software package. The majority of victims (mean age: 41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.25122/jml-2018-0051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6418327PMC

Flammable Substances in Korea Considering the Domino Effect: Assessment of Safety Distance.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 18;16(6). Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Health Science, Korea University, Anam-ro 145, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea.

Benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) are flammable substances used in a wide range of raw materials and products. Chemical accidents caused by flammable substances are different from leakage accidents of toxic materials. Initial explosions and fires may cause secondary or tertiary explosions, or fires with nearby flammable materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060969DOI Listing

Reliability and validity of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory in Chinese drivers.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 Mar 19:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a School of Psychology , Liaoning Normal University , Dalian , China.

Objective: The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI) has been widely used in assessing the associations between driving styles and traffic violations and accidents in different cultural contexts. Due to the lack of a valid instrument to assess driving style, studies concerning driving style and its influence factors are limited in China. Thus, this study aimed to adapt and validate a Chinese version of the MDSI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1542140DOI Listing

Anatomical and histological analysis of the salpinx and ovary in Anatolian Wild Goat (Capra aegagrus aegagrus).

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Histology and Embriyology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University, Turkey.

Background: This study determined the anatomical structure of the salpinx and ovary of the Anatolian wild goat (C. aegagrus aegagrus).

Materials And Methods: The salpinges and ovaries from four wild goats of similar ages were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0032DOI Listing

Is Axillary Better Than Femoral Artery Cannulation in Repair of Acute Type A Aortic Dissection?

Innovations (Phila) 2019 Mar 18:1556984519836879. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

1 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Background: We compared early and late outcomes of patients who underwent femoral versus axillary artery cannulation for repair of acute type A aortic dissection.

Methods: Between 2004 and 2017, we retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes of 135 consecutive patients who underwent emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection repair. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent femoral ( n = 84) and those who underwent right axillary ( n = 51) artery cannulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1556984519836879DOI Listing

[Investigation and analysis of 7 cases of acute lung injury caused by a welding operation].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):60-62

Jiangxi Occupational Disease Prevention and Control, Institute Jiangxi Vocational Hospital, Nanchang 330006, China.

Throughing the investigation and analysis of seven cases of acute lung injury caused by a welding operation, the hazards and production pathways of harmful gases such as phosgene and nitrogen oxides are understood, which will serve as a reference for preventing similar events in the future. Throughing the accident scene environment investigation and clinical case analysis, combined with the laboratory test results, carried on the comprehensive analysis. The accident caused a total of 7 people to suffer from acute lung injury to varying degrees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019
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Ticagrelor in the prevention of coronary and non-coronary atherothrombotic events: A comprehensive meta-analysis of 10 randomized trials.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Feb 25;284:136-147. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Division of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria "Maggiore della Carità", Eastern Piedmont University, Novara, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: More potent antithrombotic strategies have significantly reduced the rate of recurrent ischemic events in cardiovascular disease. Ticagrelor, in particular, has significantly improved the outcome in patients with acute coronary syndromes, offering potential benefits also in terms of survival. In addition, more recent data have suggested that the advantages of ticagrelor could be extended also to non-coronary atherothrombotic disease, although with contrasting results, especially for mortality reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk of professional accidental exposure to biological agents in health care workers: a retrospective analysis carried out in a southern Italian tertiary hospital.

Infez Med 2019 Mar;27(1):40-45

Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Section of Infectious Diseases, University Federico II of Naples, Italy.

Worldwide the needlestick injuries of health care workers (HCWs) still represent a major health problem. The authors aimed to evaluate the risk of HCW needlestick injuries in a tertiary university hospital in southern Italy in relation to some HCW characteristics (age, sex, professional profile, work department) and the source of infection. All HCWs of the University Hospital "Federico II" in Naples, Italy, attending the Infectious Diseases Unit after potential accidental contact to blood-borne viruses through needlestick injuries were enrolled during a 22-year period. Read More

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Parametrization of Pedestrian Injuries and its Utilisation in Proving Traffic Accidents Course Using Injury Signatures and Contact Signatures.

J Biomed Phys Eng 2019 Feb 1;9(1):3-16. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Hospital of Horná Orava with Health Care Center in Trstená, Mieru 549/16, 028 01 Trstená, Slovak Republic.

Background: The paper points out the present limited possibility of using the verbal description of injuries for the needs of experts from the field of road transportation as relevant criminalistics traces, as well as the options of the FORTIS system that creates a new area for a deeper interdisciplinary approach in the field of expert evidence. Further a description of how to create injury signatures and contact signatures and the possibilities of their evaluation and mutual comparison based on the proven individual attributes are described.

Objective: To evaluate pedestrian injuries by the new proper FORTIS system and to show FORTIS valuability in the assessment of mechanical violence and mechanism of injuries. Read More

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February 2019

A retrospective analysis of data from forensic toxicology at the Academy of Forensic Science in 2017.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Feb 28;298:39-47. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Shanghai, 200063, China. Electronic address:

Knowing the specific pattern of forensic toxicology cases in a region is vital to help the local government establish an effective prevention and treatment system; currently, there have been no published reports investigating various types of forensic toxicology cases based on a large autopsy series and city size. The data in this study were obtained from records kept at the Academy of Forensic Science (AFS) between February 2017 and December 2017, and the cases were mainly from the Public Security Organs People's Police in Shanghai, China. There were 299 autopsies; the leading cause of death was traffic accidents (37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.039DOI Listing
February 2019

Utility of Spatial Point-Pattern Analysis Using Residential and Workplace Geospatial Information to Localize Potential Outbreak Sources.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.

Identifying the source of an outbreak facilitates its control. Spatial methods are not optimally used in outbreak investigation, due to a mix of the complexities involved (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwy290DOI Listing

Trends in cause-specific mortality among children aged 5-14 years from 2005 to 2016 in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico: an analysis of nationally representative mortality studies.

Lancet 2019 Mar 12;393(10176):1119-1127. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael's Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: With global survival increasing for children younger than 5 years of age, attention is required to reduce the approximately 1 million deaths of children aged 5-14 years occurring every year. Causes of death at these ages remain poorly documented. We aimed to explore trends in mortality by causes of death in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico, which are home to about 40% of the world's children aged 5-14 years and experience more than 200 000 deaths annually at these ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30220-XDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

OHSAS 18001 certification and work accidents: Shedding light on the connection.

J Safety Res 2019 Feb 29;68:33-40. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Management, University of the Basque Country UPV-EHU, E.U. Politécnica, University of the Basque Country UPV-EHU, Plaza Europa 1, 20018, San Sebastian, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: The implications of OHSAS 18001 for substantive Occupational Health and Safety outcomes such, as a reduction in work accidents, have been under-researched in the scholarly literature. The impact of this standard on other aspects of performance, such as profitability and productivity, has attracted more attention.

Method: This article aims to fill this gap by shedding light on the relationship between OHSAS 18001 certification and the rates of minor, serious, and fatal accidents per employee at work experienced in certified and non-certified companies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.11.003DOI Listing
February 2019

The effect of organizational justice as perceived by occupational drivers on traffic accidents: Mediating effects of job satisfaction.

J Safety Res 2019 Feb 30;68:27-32. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: Considerable research supports a positive association between the safety climate (which is a direct organizational factor) and safety performance (such as safe driving). However, indirect organizational variables that influence safe driving have gone largely unexplored. This study contributes to safety research by examining the relationship between organizational justice, which is a distal organizational factor, and traffic accidents and the mediating role of job satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.11.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Applicability of accident analysis methods to Chinese construction accidents.

J Safety Res 2019 Feb 2;68:187-196. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

School of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, 100 Science Avenue, Zhengzhou City, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: It is necessary to clearly understand construction accidents for preventing a rise in Chinese construction accidents and deaths. Better analysis methods are required for Chinese construction sector accidents.

Methods: Choosing and analyzing a typical construction accident based on four popular contemporary accident causation models: STAMP, AcciMap, HFACS, and the 2-4 Model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.11.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Analysis of the impact of health and safety coordinator on construction site accidents: The case of Spain.

J Safety Res 2019 Feb 28;68:149-156. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Departamento de Tecnología de la Edificación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

The figure of the Health and Safety Coordinator (HSC), as a necessary and competent engineer in the construction sector, emerged in Spain on December 25, 1997 as a result of the implementation of European Directive 92/57/EEC. The coming of age of this figure is a sufficient period of time for determining its implementation and impact within the construction sector. The research carried out in this article arose from the analysis of statistical data obtained through Public Authorities and Professional Bodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.12.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Verifying Head Impacts Recorded by a Wearable Sensor using Video Footage in Rugby League: a Preliminary Study.

Sports Med Open 2019 Mar 14;5(1). Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Hunter New England Local Health District Sports Concussion Program, New Lambton Heights, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Rugby league is a full-contact collision sport with an inherent risk of concussion. Wearable instrumented technology was used to observe and characterize the level of exposure to head impacts during game play.

Purpose: To verify the impacts recorded by the x-patch™ with video analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40798-019-0182-3DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Structure estimation of binary graphical models on stratified data: Application to the description of injury tables for victims of road accidents.

Stat Med 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Nutritional Methodology and Biostatistics Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

Graphical models are used in many applications such as medical diagnostics and computer security. Increasingly often, the estimation of such models has to be performed on several predefined strata of the whole population. For instance, in epidemiology and clinical research, strata are often defined according to age, gender, treatment, or disease type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sim.8138DOI Listing

Effect of Smoked Cannabis on Vigilance and Accident Risk Using Simulated Driving in Occasional and Chronic Users and the Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Relationship.

Clin Chem 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

AP-HP, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, Service de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, Garches, INSERM U-1173, Université de Versailles-St. Quentin, France;

Background: The pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationship between whole blood δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and driving risk is poorly understood.

Methods: Fifteen chronic cannabis consumers (1-2 joints/day; CC) and 15 occasional cannabis consumers (1-2 joints/week; OC) of 18 to 34 years of age were included. A pharmacokinetic study was conducted with 12 blood samplings over a 24-h period before and after controlled random inhalation of placebo or 10 mg or 30 mg of THC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1373/clinchem.2018.299727DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Frequency and Nature of Road Traffic Injuries: Data of More than 10,000 Patients from Ha'il, Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2019 Jan 5;11(1):e3830. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Surgery, Pakistan Airforce Hospital Masroor Base, Karachi, PAK.

Background Road traffic accidents (RTAs) have become a major issue in today's world. They have caused the loss of more than a million lives in the last decade and are substantially increasing every day. Injuries due to RTAs can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3830DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402722PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Self-perceived occupational performance of community-dwelling adults living with stroke.

Can J Occup Ther 2018 Dec;85(5):378-385

Background.: Stroke has long-term consequences for functional performance of daily activities. Evaluating client-perceived occupational performance provides insight for designing stroke-specific programs supporting home and community participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0008417418821704DOI Listing
December 2018

Risk perceptions regarding radiation exposure among Japanese schoolteachers living around the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant after the Fukushima accident.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(3):e0212917. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Global Health, Medicine and Welfare, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

In response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster, the Nuclear Regulation Authority of Japan issued the new "Nuclear Emergency Response Guideline." However, there is a perception that scientific information about the health impact of radiation exposure has not been adequately shared among the local government staffs, including schoolteachers. We contacted schoolteachers at all 120 schools within the Urgent Protective Action Planning Zone of the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant, Kagoshima prefecture, in 2017. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212917PLOS

How common are vascular injuries in open tibial fractures? A prospective longitudinal cohort study.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: Tibial fractures have an incidence of 15% of all adult fractures. They have been shown to have the highest incidence of non-union in long bone fractures and the highest incidence of vascular injury. Evidence from the literature suggests that a good vascular supply is important to ensure bone union. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-019-02416-4DOI Listing

Aging and burn: a five-year retrospective study in a major burn centre in Portugal.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2018 Sep;31(3):163-167

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns Unit, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra (CHUC), Coimbra, Portugal.

Aging is an important factor contributing decisively to the clinical outcome of burn patients. The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of patients admitted to a Burn Unit and determine the impact of aging on mortality. A retrospective analysis of patients successively admitted to a major burn centre in Portugal from 1/1/2012 to 31/12/2016 was conducted. Read More

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September 2018
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Impact of Plaque Calcification and Stent Oversizing on Clinical Outcomes of Atherosclerotic Femoropopliteal Arterial Occlusive Disease Following Stent Angioplasty.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Vascular Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Plaque calcification and stent oversizing are two key factors contributing to in stent restenosis (ISR) following femoropopliteal stent angioplasty. This study aimed to explore a pre-operative quantitative assessment method of plaque calcification and rational parameters of stent oversizing in the femoropopliteal artery.

Methods: A total of 115 patients with atherosclerotic femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease treated from January 2013 to January 2016 were included retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2019.01.025DOI Listing

Occupational and non occupational metacarpal bone fractures at the Mansoura University Emergency Hospital: A comparative study.

Toxicol Ind Health 2019 Mar;35(3):248-255

1 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Introduction: Metacarpal fractures of the hand occur in active and working population.

Objective: The objective of this article is to compare between occupational and non occupational metacarpal fractures.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional comparative study with prospective components among patients with metacarpal fractures admitted to the Mansoura University Emergency Hospital in a 6-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0748233719831125DOI Listing

Reliability, validity, and clinical utility of a self-reported screening tool in the prediction of fall incidence in older adults.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Mar 12:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

g Occupational Therapy Department , TWGHs Jockey Club Rehabilitation Complex , Hong Kong.

Background: The Chinese HomeFAST self-reported screening tool was developed to measure the number of hazards and the risk of home falls and other accidents for community-living older adults.

Methods: This reliability, validity, and clinical utility study consisted of three phases. The tool's linguistic validity was established in the first phase of study, with a panel of domiciliary healthcare experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1582721DOI Listing

Failure demand: a concept evaluation in UK primary care.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2019 Feb;32(1):21-33

College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University , Swansea, UK.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess failure demand as a lean concept that assists in waste analysis during quality improvement activity. The authors assess whether the concept's limited use is a missed opportunity to help us understand improvement priorities, given that a UK Government requirement for public service managers to report failure demand has been removed.

Design/methodology/approach: The authors look at the literature across the public sector and then apply the failure demand concept to the UK's primary healthcare system. Read More

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https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/10.1108/IJHCQA-08-2017-01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-08-2017-0159DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Establishing mercury-free medical facilities: a Malaysian case study.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2019 Feb;32(1):34-44

Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , Bangi, Malaysia.

Purpose: Mercury is widely used in medical and healthcare facilities as dental amalgam, mercury-added medical devices, thiomersal-containing vaccines, laboratory analysis and for other general applications despite the hazards. Various agencies consistently promote mercury-free medical facilities through mercury-free alternatives and better management practices, which are in line with the Minamata Convention on Mercury that aims to protect human health and environment from anthropogenic mercury release. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Read More

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https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/10.1108/IJHCQA-08-2017-01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-08-2017-0161DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Urethral injury in major trauma.

Injury 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

University Hospitals Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Urethral injury in major trauma is infrequent, with complex problems of diagnosis and treatment. The aims of this study are to determine the incidence and epidemiological factors relating to urethral injury in major trauma, as well as determine if any additional prognostic factors are evident within this cohort of patients. A retrospective review of patients sustaining urethral injury following major trauma was made over a 6-year period, from 2010 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Time-of-day Control Double-Order Optimization of Traffic Safety and Data-Driven Intersections.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 9;16(5). Epub 2019 Mar 9.

School of Traffic and Transportation, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China.

This paper proposes a novel two-order optimization model of the division of time-of-day control segmented points of road intersection to address the limitations of the randomness of artificial experience, avoid the complex multi-factor division calculation, and optimize the traditional model over traffic safety and data-driven methods. For the first-order optimization-that is, deep optimization of the model input data-we first increase the dimension of traditional traffic flow data by data-driven and traffic safety methods, and develop a vector quantity to represent the size, direction, and time frequency with conflict point traffic of the total traffic flow at a certain intersection for a period by introducing a 3D vector of intersection traffic flow. Then, a time-series segmentation algorithm is used to recurse the distance amongst adjacent vectors to obtain the initial scheme of segmented points, and the segmentation points are finally divided by the combination of the preliminary scheme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050870DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A comparison of statistical learning methods for deriving determining factors of accident occurrence from an imbalanced high resolution dataset.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Mar 8;127:134-149. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Institute of Applied Statistics and Scientific Computing, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.

One of the main aims of accident data analysis is to derive the determining factors associated with road traffic accident occurrence. While current studies mainly use variants of count data regression to achieve this aim, the problem can also be considered as a binary classification task, with the dichotomous target variable indicating events (accidents) and non-events (no accidents). The effects of 45 variables - describing road condition and geometry, traffic volume and regulations, weather, and accident time - are analyzed using a dataset in high temporal (1 h) and spatial (250 m) resolution, covering the whole highway network of Austria over the period of four consecutive years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Variation between hospitals in outcomes following cardiac surgery in the UK.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2019 Mar 11:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St. George's Hospital , London , UK.

Introduction: We examine the influence of variations in provision of cardiac surgery in the UK at hospital level on patient outcomes and also to assess whether there is an inequality of access and delivery of healthcare. Cardiothoracic surgery has pioneered the reporting of surgeon-specific outcomes, which other specialties have followed. We set out to identify factors other than the individual surgeon, which can affect outcomes and enable other surgical specialties to adopt a similar model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2019.0029DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Work-related barriers and resources of migrant and autochthonous homecare nurses in Germany: A qualitative comparative study.

Appl Nurs Res 2019 Apr 12;46:57-66. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: There is substantial research about the occupational health of nurses worldwide. However, empirical evidence about the psychosocial health of migrant and minority nurses in outpatient settings in Germany in comparison to that of autochthonous nurses is lacking.

Objectives: This study aims to identify work-related stressors, resources and the corresponding coping strategies of migrant and minority nurses in comparison to autochthonous nurses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2019.02.008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Impact of regulations to control alcohol consumption by drivers: An assessment of reduction in fatal traffic accident numbers in the Federal District, Brazil.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Mar 6;127:110-117. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Transportes, Universidade de Brasília, Brazil. Electronic address:

In 2008 Brazil enacted Law n° 11.705, known as the Lei Seca (in Portuguese) or Dry Law, altering the National Traffic Code by establishing zero tolerance for the presence of alcohol in drivers' bloodstreams and toughening punishment for offenders. In 2012 the New Dry Law, Law n° 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2019.01.017DOI Listing

Medical complications associated with substance use disorders in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension: Electronic health record findings.

Addiction 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Addiction Sciences Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3131 Harvey Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA.

Background And Aims: Screening for substance use disorder (SUD) in general medical settings may be particularly important in patients with comorbid health conditions exacerbated by SUD. This study evaluated whether SUD is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-complications in patients with co-occurring T2DM and hypertension.

Design: Analysis of a limited data set obtained through IBM Watson Health Explorys, a platform integrating data from electronic health records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14607DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Investigation into the relationship between fatal work accidents, national income, and employment rate in developed and developing countries.

J Occup Health 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Mining Engineering, Çukurova University, Saricam, Adana, Turkey.

Objectives: Industrial advances, as a result of globalization, causes many threats to the working life. These threats are generally associated with the level of economic development of countries. While threats from industrialization are decreasing in developed countries, developing countries are still faced with these threats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1348-9585.12021DOI Listing

Quantitative assessment of enterprise environmental risk mitigation in the context of Na-tech disasters.

Environ Monit Assess 2019 Mar 8;191(4):210. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Fuels Cleaning and Advanced Catalytic Emission Reduction Technology/College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing, 102617, China.

As an important causative factor of environmental accidents, natural disasters have recently received much attention for environmental risk assessment. Typhoons are one of the most frequent natural disasters in the northern Pacific Ocean and South China Sea and cause enormous damage to agriculture, daily livelihood, and industry. In this study, an environmental risk assessment for industrial enterprises is conducted when considering typhoon disasters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7351-1DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Direct Health Care Cost and Work Incapacity Related to Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Switzerland: A Retrospective Analysis from 2008 to 2015.

Pain Med 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rheumatology, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: First, to determine the number of accident-related complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) cases from 2008 to 2015 and to identify factors associated with an increased risk for developing CRPS. Second, to analyze the duration of work incapacity and direct health care costs over follow-up periods of two and five years, respectively.

Design: Retrospective data analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnz030DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Long-term follow-up of exercise interventions aimed at preventing falls in older people living in the community: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Physiotherapy 2018 Sep 20. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Division of Clinical Trials, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.

Background: Fall-related injuries are the leading cause of accident-related mortality for older adults, with 30% of those aged 65 years and over falling annually. Exercise is effective in reducing rate and risk of falls in community-dwelling adults; however, there is lack of evidence for the long-term effects of exercise.

Objectives: To assess the long-term effect of exercise interventions on preventing falls in community-dwelling older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2018.09.002DOI Listing
September 2018

210Po in Pacific Salmon from the West Coast of Canada and its Contribution to Dose by Ingestion.

Health Phys 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

In response to public concern in Canada regarding health impacts attributable to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, oceanic seawater samples from the north Pacific and Arctic oceans, coastal seawater samples from 16 locations along the British Columbia coastline, and seafood samples (salmon, steelhead trout, and shellfish) from British Columbia coastal waters were collected and analyzed. This paper reports radiological analysis results of Pacific salmon samples (Oncorhynchus species) obtained from summer 2013 to fall 2016. While radioactive cesium from the Fukushima disaster was not detectable in most salmon samples, naturally occurring Po was measured in almost all individual samples in varying activity concentrations, from below the detection limit of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HP.0000000000001029DOI Listing

Multivessel Coronary Revascularization Strategies in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Meta-Analysis.

Cardiorenal Med 2019 Mar 7;9(3):145-159. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Background: Early revascularization can lead to better prognosis in multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, whether coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is better remains unknown.

Methods: We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library database from inception until December 9, 2017, for articles that compare outcomes of CABG and PCI in multivessel CAD patients with CKD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494116DOI Listing
March 2019
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[Reconstruction of Isolated Orbital Floor Fractures by Nasoseptal Cartilage].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2019 ;86(1):72-76

Klinika otorinolaryngologie a chirurgie hlavy a krku, Fakultní nemocnice u sv. Anny v Brně a Lékařské fakulty Masarykovy univerzity Brno.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The incidence of isolated orbital floor fractures has an increasing tendency. Their optimal management is not uniform and is still being discussed in the literature. The therapeutic decision as to whether surgical intervention is necessary or conservative approach is adequate vitally depends on clinical and CT findings. Read More

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January 2019
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Comparison of coronary artery bypass grafting and drug-eluting stents in patients with left main coronary artery disease and chronic kidney disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Division of Cardiology, Hurley Medical Center/Michigan State University, Flint, MI 48503, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Treatment of left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) with either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the optimal choice of therapy when treating LMCAD in patients with CKD.

Method: We performed an electronic database search of Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library for all studies that compared PCI with CABG when treating LMCAD in the setting of CKD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2019.01.018DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Multi-Domain Airflow Modeling and Ventilation Characterization Using Mobile Robots, Stationary Sensors and Machine Learning.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Mar 5;19(5). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Mobile Robotics and Olfaction Lab, Örebro University, 702 81 Örebro, Sweden.

Ventilation systems are critically important components of many public buildings and workspaces. Proper ventilation is often crucial for preventing accidents, such as explosions in mines and avoiding health issues, for example, through long-term exposure to harmful respirable matter. Validation and maintenance of ventilation systems is thus of key interest for plant operators and authorities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19051119DOI Listing

Epidemiology and Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury in Elderly Population : A Multicenter Analysis Using Korean Neuro-Trauma Data Bank System 2010-2014.

Authors:
Ki Seong Eom

J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2019 Mar 27;62(2):243-255. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea.

Objective: Although traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs in people of all age groups, the elderly population is at a particular risk. The proportion of elderly population in the society is markedly increasing and Korea is one of the most rapidly aging societies. Here, we analyzed the data from 904 patients older over 65 years who were registered in the Korean Neuro-Trauma Data Bank System (KNTDBS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2018.0017DOI Listing
March 2019
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Neurological Symptoms in Danes with a History of Poliomyelitis: Lifelong Follow-Up of Late Symptoms, their Association with Initial Symptoms of Polio, and Presence of Postpolio Syndrome.

Eur Neurol 2019 Mar 5;80(5-6):295-303. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Danish Center for Sleep Medicine, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Glostrup, Denmark.

Background: Previous studies suggest that patients with a history of poliomyelitis (PM) later in life experience a variety of symptoms. These studies were carried out in patients who later in life were admitted to hospital or became members of polio societies and may therefore not be representative of all polio patients. Little data have been published concerning patients actually discharged from hospital with a diagnosis of acute paralytic PM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497483DOI Listing