1,563 results match your criteria Acalculous Cholecystitis


Diagnostic value of ROC curve evaluation of serum markers in acute cholecystitis with bacterial infection.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1133-1136

Department of Clinical Care Medicine, Beijing Luhe Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.

Objective: To explore correlation of serum markers human neutrophil lipocalin and C-reactive protein with acute cholecystitis associated with bacterial infection, and to evaluate the diagnostic value of the markers.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2018 to April 2020 at the Beijing Luhe Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China, and comprised acute cholecystitis patients who were divided into bacterial infection group A and non-bacterial infection group B. Serum human neutrophil lipocalin and C-reactive protein were measured for both the groups. Read More

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Correction to: Outcomes Following Percutaneous Cholecystostomy Tube Placement for Acalculous Versus Calculous Cholecystitis.

World J Surg 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8635 West 3rd Street, Suite 650W, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, USA.

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Acute acalculous cholecystitis and cardiovascular disease, which came first? After two hundred years still the classic chicken and eggs debate: A review of literature.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 29;78:103668. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University Magna Græcia of Catanzaro, Italy.

The existence of a close association between disease of the biliary tract and disease of the heart is known from the mists of time. Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) can be defined as an acute necro inflammatory disease of the gallbladder in the absence of cholelithiasis. AAC is a challenging diagnosis. Read More

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Outcome of percutaneous drainage for septic complications coexisted with COVID-19.

World J Radiol 2022 Apr;14(4):91-103

Department of Radiology, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt.

Background: The resulting tissue hypoxia and increased inflammation secondary to severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) combined with viral load, and other baseline risk factors contribute to an increased risk of severe sepsis or co-existed septic condition exaggeration.

Aim: To describe the clinical, radiological, and laboratory characteristics of a small cohort of patients infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 who underwent percutaneous drainage for septic complications and their post-procedural outcomes.

Methods: This retrospective study consisted of 11 patients who were confirmed to have COVID-19 by RT-PCR test and required drain placement for septic complications. Read More

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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acalculous, gangrenous cholecystitis on an outpatient COVID-19 adult: a case report.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 23;2022(5):rjac205. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Surgery, General Hospital of Volos Achillopouleio, Volos, Magnesia, Thessaly, Greece.

We report the rare case of an acalculous, gangrenous cholecystitis on a, previously healthy, outpatient COVID-19 adult. The 53-year-old patient presented to the emergency department due to epigastric pain and fever and was admitted to the COVID-19 department. Due to clinical and laboratory deterioration, a computed tomography scan was performed that confirmed the diagnosis of acalculous cholecystitis. Read More

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Pediatric Acute Reactive Acalculous Cholecystitis Secondary to Duodenal Ulcer.

Indian J Pediatr 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, 849-8501, Japan.

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Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis due to EBV Infection Presenting as Acute Abdomen.

Authors:
Gulhadiye Avcu

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2022 May;32(5):662-664

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Balikesir Ataturk City Hospital, Balikesir, Turkey.

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is a herpes virus with a high seropositivity rate among the adult population throughout the world. Primary EBV infection is usually asymptomatic among young children. As age increases, it begins to manifest as infectious mononucleosis. Read More

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[The 494th case: acute pancreatitis, acute acalculous cholecystitis and anaphylaxis].

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2022 May;61(5):603-606

Department of Gastroenterology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China.

A young male patient with abdominal pain and fever was diagnosed as acute hyper-triglyceridemicpancreatitis is clear. During the recovery of pancreatitis, the patient developed acute acalculous cholecystitis, as well as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter infection and Cytomegaloviremia, and had anaphylaxis for several times after the use of antibiotics, which cannot be completely explained by drug allergy. This paper analyzes the possible causes of multiple diseases in the same patient in detail. Read More

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Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis: Think of Hepatitis A Infection and Do Not Underestimate Pain.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2022 Jun 26;38(6):304-306. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health-IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy.

Abstract: A 14-year-old adolescent girl presented with severe abdominal pain, tenderness, and guarding in the right upper quadrant associated with nonbilious vomiting, scleral icterus, and fever. Laboratory tests were consistent with acute hepatitis A virus-related cholestatic hepatitis. A point-of-care ultrasound showed mild gallbladder wall thickening with increased color Doppler flow and pericholecystic fluid collection, in the absence of gallstones or biliary ducts dilatation, thus suggesting acute acalculous cholecystitis. Read More

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Outcomes Following Percutaneous Cholecystostomy Tube Placement for Acalculous Versus Calculous Cholecystitis.

World J Surg 2022 Apr 16. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8635 West 3rd Street, Suite 650W, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, USA.

Background: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is often diagnosed in critically ill patients. Percutaneous cholecystostomy tube (PCT) placement facilitates less invasive gallbladder decompression in patients who are poor surgical candidates. Specific guidelines for optimal management of AAC patients following PCT placement remain to be defined. Read More

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COVID-19 patients presenting with gangrenous acalculous cholecystitis: Report of two cases.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Apr 29;76:103534. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

General Surgery Department, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction And Importance: COVID-19 virus is thought to complicate underlying conditions, including acalculous cholecystitis Two COVID-19 patients with gangrenous gallbladder are reported who were not involved with severe pneumonia.

Case Presentation: We present two non-critically ill patients with COVID-19 presenting with acalculous cholecystitis. Both patients had gangrenous gallbladder and had to undergo cholecystectomy. Read More

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A Rare Case of Acute Calculous Cholecystitis With Gallbladder Hydrops.

Cureus 2022 Feb 15;14(2):e22230. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Internal Medicine, Hackensack Meridian Ocean Medical Center, Brick, USA.

Gallbladder hydrops or mucocele is usually due to the obstruction of the gallbladder by a gallstone. It is usually characterized by an increase in gallbladder volume, which remains clinically silent and is often incidentally diagnosed during exploratory laparotomy or laparoscopy. We report a rare case of acute calculous cholecystitis with gallbladder hydrops (measuring 17 cm in maximum dimension) due to the obstruction of the cystic duct by a gallstone in a 67-year-old female. Read More

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February 2022

Acalculous Cholecystitis: An Uncommon Presentation of Babesiosis.

Cureus 2022 Feb 13;14(2):e22165. Epub 2022 Feb 13.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, Digestive Diseases Institute, Abu Dhabi, ARE.

Human babesiosis is commonly caused by , an infectious protozoan with a preference for erythrocytes. We describe a case of babesiosis presenting with acute acalculous cholecystitis. A 74-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus presented with four days of fever, chills, dyspnea on exertion, and dark brown urine. Read More

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February 2022

Case report: chronic acalculous cholecystitis preceded by Coxsackievirus B4 infection.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Mar 15;2022(3):rjac074. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pharmacology School of Medicine, St. George's University, Grenada, West Indies.

A 41-year-old female presented with an 8-month history of right upper quadrant pain, exacerbated by ingestion of saturated fats. The patient was positive for antibodies to Coxsackievirus serotype B4, established by an investigation incited by an acute episode of pleurodynia 8 months before the current presentation. Imaging studies including a hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid scan showed no gallbladder structural or functional abnormalities. Read More

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Acute Cholecystitis: A Review.

JAMA 2022 Mar;327(10):965-975

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Importance: Gallbladder disease affects approximately 20 million people in the US. Acute cholecystitis is diagnosed in approximately 200 000 people in the US each year.

Observations: Gallstone-associated cystic duct obstruction is responsible for 90% to 95% of the cases of acute cholecystitis. Read More

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Predictors of biliary intervention in patients hospitalized for COVID-19.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2022 05 2;47(5):1891-1898. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Department of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, 525 East 68th street, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Background: Gastrointestinal complications of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) include abnormal liver function and acalculous cholecystitis. Cholecystostomy performed during the COVID-19 pandemic reflected a shift toward non-surgical treatment of cholecystitis and increased number of critically ill patients suffering from acalculous cholecystitis.

Purpose: (1) To determine demographic, clinical, laboratory, and ultrasound features associated with cholecystostomy placement during hospitalization for COVID-19. Read More

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Single-session EUS-guided gastroenterostomy and EUS-guided gallbladder drainage in a patient with concomitant gastric outlet obstruction and acalculous cholecystitis.

VideoGIE 2022 Feb 6;7(2):71-73. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Division of Gastroenterology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Video 1Video presentation of a single session EUS-guided cholecystoduodenostomy and gastrojejunostomy. Read More

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February 2022

Thyrotoxicosis Presenting With Acute Cholecystitis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Dec 30;13(12):e20840. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Medical Education/ Internal Medicine, Endocrine and Diabetes, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, QAT.

Hyperthyroidism primarily presents with the symptoms and signs of thyrotoxicosis. However, many cases might present with a precipitating factor that unmasks the hyperthyroid status of the patients. These factors are associated with a stress condition, with infections being the most common factors, diabetic ketoacidosis, acute coronary syndrome, and pulmonary embolism. Read More

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December 2021

DRESS syndrome with cholecystitis in a child: A case report and literature review.

Therapie 2021 Dec 29. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Fattouma Bourguiba, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia.

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December 2021

Coronary Artery Disease and Gallbladder Inflammatory Pseudopolyps.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jan 10;12(1). Epub 2022 Jan 10.

UOSD Imaging Avanzato Clinico e Translazionale, Department of Medicine, University of Padova, 35127 Padova, Italy.

Axial MR image demonstrating multiple small gallbladder polypoid lesions characterized by contrast enhancement in a 78-year-old male hospitalized for acute chest pain due to coronary artery disease who showed fever and emesis during hospitalization and had signs of acute acalculous cholecystitis at computed tomography. Given the overall clinical conditions and the MR features, the inflammatory origin of the polyps was considered. The patient underwent cholecystectomy and the histological diagnosis of gallbladder inflammatory pseudopolyps was confirmed. Read More

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January 2022

Emergency Department Diagnosis of Postprocedural Hemorrhagic Cholecystitis Utilizing Point-of-Care Ultrasoun.

J Emerg Med 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis is a rare cause of abdominal pain. Most often described in the setting of blunt abdominal trauma, anticoagulation use, coagulopathy (such as cirrhosis or renal failure), and malignancy (biliary angiosarcoma), this rare condition can be difficult to identify unless high on the differential. With point-of-care ultrasound becoming more commonplace in the emergency department (ED), this tool can be successfully used to make a timely diagnosis in the correct clinical context. Read More

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January 2022

Spontaneous Acalculous Gallbladder Perforation in an Adolescent Male: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Dec 1;13(12):e20077. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

General Surgery, Dow Medical College, Dr. Ruth K. M. Pfau Civil Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Though a rare event, gallbladder perforation (GBP) can occur in children and adolescents in the absence of pre-existing cholelithiasis. Moreover, type 1 perforation is seldom found in this cohort. Vague clinical presentation and inconclusive routine investigations can often result in delayed diagnosis. Read More

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December 2021

Cystoisospora belli, liver disease and hypothesis on the life cycle.

Parasitol Res 2022 Jan 6;121(1):403-411. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Departamento de Parasitología, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas, ANLIS Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán. Avenida Vélez Sarsfield 563, (CP 1281), Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Cystoisospora belli causes chronic diarrhoea, acalculous cholecystitis, cholangiopathy and disseminated cystoisosporosis in patients with AIDS. Clinical manifestations and histological stages during C. belli infection in a patient with AIDS and liver disease were described. Read More

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January 2022

A case of haemorrhagic cholecystitis with no risk factors.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Dec 31;2021(12):rjab542. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

General Surgery, Bega Hospital, New South Wales 2550, Australia.

Haemorrhagic cholecystitis (HC) is a rare cause of cholecystitis that can be fatal if management is delayed. HC could present in the setting of trauma, malignancy and bleeding diathesis, such as renal failure, cirrhosis and anticoagulation. Its symptoms are easily confused with acute calculous or acalculous cholecystitis and might include haemobilia or hematemesis as blood drains from the gallbladder into the gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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December 2021

Timing of Percutaneous Cholecystostomy.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2022 Jan;32(1):20-24

Deparmant of Gastroenterolgical Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the effect of the timing of Percutaneous Cholecystostomy (PC) on morbidity and mortality.

Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Deparmant of Gastroenterological Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey from 2017 to 2020. Read More

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January 2022

Acute acalculous cholecystitis caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection: A case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jan 29;90:106731. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Okayama University Hospital, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

Background: Emerging data indicate that gastrointestinal disorders, in addition to pulmonary dysfunction, are also hallmarks of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection.

Case Presentation: A 42-year-old man with maintenance hemodialysis developed high fever and dyspnea. He was positive for SARS-CoV-2 and was diagnosed with pneumonia. Read More

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January 2022

Percutaneous cholecystostomy as a definitive treatment for moderate and severe acute acalculous cholecystitis: a retrospective observational study.

BMC Surg 2021 Dec 27;21(1):439. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The People's Hospital of Liaoning Province, 33 Wenyi Road, Shenhe District, Shenyang, 110016, China.

Background: In this study, we aimed to investigate risk factors for the relapse of moderate and severe acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) patients after initial percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) and to identify the predictors of patient outcomes when choosing PC as a definitive treatment for AAC.

Materials And Methods: The study population comprised 44 patients (median age 76 years; range 31-94 years) with moderate or severe AAC who underwent PC without subsequent cholecystectomy. According to the results of follow-up (followed for a median period of 17 months), the data of patients with recurrence versus no recurrence were compared. Read More

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December 2021

Acalculous Cholecystitis in a Seven-Year-Old Girl With Epstein-Barr Virus Infection.

Cureus 2021 Nov 20;13(11):e19774. Epub 2021 Nov 20.

Pediatrics, Tanque Verde Pediatrics, Tucson, USA.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection with associated acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) has been reported in 18 pediatric patients. Our case is that of a seven-year-old girl with acute EBV infection and associated AAC. Read More

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November 2021

Acalculous Cholecystitis in a Young Adult with Scrub Typhus: A Case Report and Epidemiology of Scrub Typhus in the Maldives.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2021 Dec 8;6(4). Epub 2021 Dec 8.

Department of Viral Infections, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Scrub typhus is a neglected tropical disease predominantly occurring in Asia. The causative agent is a bacterium transmitted by the larval stage of mites found in rural vegetation in endemic regions. Cases of scrub typhus frequently present as acute undifferentiated febrile illness, and without early diagnosis and treatment, the disease can develop fatal complications. Read More

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December 2021

Effects of Serum Metabolites on the Pancreatic Transcriptome in Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2021 8;2021:2368571. Epub 2021 Dec 8.

Department of General Surgery, Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery, Ministry of Education, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, China.

Background: To provide a basis for the diagnosis and treatment of acalculous biliary pancreatitis, this study investigated the impact of serum metabolites on the pancreatic transcriptome in acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC).

Methods: Fourteen rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (a normal control group of 7 rabbits and an AAC group of 7 rabbits), blood was collected from the 14 rabbits, and metabolomic analysis was performed through H NMR. Two pancreatic tissue chips of the AAC group and the normal control group were prepared and sequenced. Read More

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December 2021