401 results match your criteria Academy Of Management Learning & Education[Journal]


Google classroom as a learning management system to teach biochemistry in a medical school.

Authors:
Sambit Dash

Biochem Mol Biol Educ 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Biochemistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Karnataka, India.

Medical education has adopted various e-learning technologies to its aid. Addition of Google Classroom, introduced in 2014, as a Learning Management System (LMS) has provided a basic, easy to use platform. This study tested its efficacy in teaching a biochemistry module to first year MBBS students in an Indian medical school. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/bmb.21246
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmb.21246DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Society of Toxicology Develops Learning Framework for Undergraduate Toxicology Courses Following the Vision and Change Core Concepts Model.

Toxicol Sci 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Education Director, Society of Toxicology, Reston, Virginia.

The Society of Toxicology announces the development of a Learning Framework (https://www.toxicology.org/education/docs/SOT-Toxicology-Learning-Objectives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfz090DOI Listing

Parsing human and biophysical drivers of coral reef regimes.

Proc Biol Sci 2019 Feb;286(1896):20182544

1 Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University , Stockholm , Sweden.

Coral reefs worldwide face unprecedented cumulative anthropogenic effects of interacting local human pressures, global climate change and distal social processes. Reefs are also bound by the natural biophysical environment within which they exist. In this context, a key challenge for effective management is understanding how anthropogenic and biophysical conditions interact to drive distinct coral reef configurations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2544DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408596PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Treatment of radius or ulna fractures in the elderly: A systematic review covering effectiveness, safety, economic aspects and current practice.

PLoS One 2019 28;14(3):e0214362. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The objective of the present study was to evaluate effectiveness, complications and cost-effectiveness of any surgical or non-surgical treatment for radius or ulna fractures in elderly patients. Secondary objectives were to analyze present treatment traditions of distal radius fractures (DRF) in Sweden and to calculate resource usage for its treatment.

Methods And Findings: The assessment contains a systematic review of clinical and health economic studies comparing treatment options for radius or ulna fractures. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214362PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438530PMC

Status and influencing factors of farmers' private investment in the prevention and control of sheep brucellosis in China: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 03 25;13(3):e0007285. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonoses worldwide, causing direct losses to the livestock industry and threatening human health. Little is known about the status and factors affecting farmers' private investment in the prevention and control of sheep brucellosis in China.

Methodology/principal Findings: From April to October 2017, a cross-sectional, house-based study was conducted in 7 Chinese provinces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007285DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448935PMC

Mapping dynamics of soil organic matter in croplands with MODIS data and machine learning algorithms.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jun 11;669:844-855. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China; Key Laboratory of Agricultural Remote Sensing, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100081, China. Electronic address:

As an important indicator of soil quality, soil organic matter (SOM) significantly contributes to land productivity and ecosystem health. Accurately mapping SOM at regional scales is of critical importance for sustainable agriculture and soil utilization management and remains a grand challenge. Many studies used soil sampling data and machine learning algorithms to predict SOM at regional scales for a given year, while few studies mapped SOM for multiple years and examined its temporal dynamics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.151DOI Listing

Connecting data and expertise: a new alliance for biodiversity knowledge.

Biodivers Data J 2019 8;7:e33679. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

VertNet, Bariloche, Argentina VertNet Bariloche Argentina.

There has been major progress over the last two decades in digitising historical knowledge of biodiversity and in making biodiversity data freely and openly accessible. Interlocking efforts bring together international partnerships and networks, national, regional and institutional projects and investments and countless individual contributors, spanning diverse biological and environmental research domains, government agencies and non-governmental organisations, citizen science and commercial enterprise. However, current efforts remain inefficient and inadequate to address the global need for accurate data on the world's species and on changing patterns and trends in biodiversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e33679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420472PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The Space Physics Environment Data Analysis System (SPEDAS).

Space Sci Rev 2019 22;215(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

2Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, USA.

With the advent of the Heliophysics/Geospace System Observatory (H/GSO), a complement of multi-spacecraft missions and ground-based observatories to study the space environment, data retrieval, analysis, and visualization of space physics data can be daunting. The Space Physics Environment Data Analysis System (SPEDAS), a grass-roots software development platform (www.spedas. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11214-018-0576-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11214-018-0576-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380193PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

The Applications of Radiomics in Precision Diagnosis and Treatment of Oncology: Opportunities and Challenges.

Theranostics 2019 12;9(5):1303-1322. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Institute of Automation, Beijing, 100190, China.

Medical imaging can assess the tumor and its environment in their entirety, which makes it suitable for monitoring the temporal and spatial characteristics of the tumor. Progress in computational methods, especially in artificial intelligence for medical image process and analysis, has converted these images into quantitative and minable data associated with clinical events in oncology management. This concept was first described as radiomics in 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/thno.30309DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401507PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Supporting self-management of radiation-induced bowel and bladder dysfunction in pelvic-cancer rehabilitation: An ethnographic study.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Oncology at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Aims And Objectives: To describe and understand strategies that oncological nurses use to support self-management of radiation-induced bowel and bladder issues in pelvic-cancer rehabilitation patients.

Background: Nurse-led self-management of radiation-induced bowel and bladder issues holds the potential to support cancer survivors.

Design: An ethnographic approach was applied in this study, which adhered to Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14849DOI Listing

Research data management in practice: Results from a cross-sectional survey of health and medical researchers from an academic institution in Australia.

Health Inf Manag 2019 Mar 11:1833358319831318. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

1 Health Group, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Background:: Building or acquiring research data management (RDM) capacity is a major challenge for health and medical researchers and academic institutes alike. Considering that RDM practices influence the integrity and longevity of data, targeting RDM services and support in recognition of needs is especially valuable in health and medical research.

Objective:: This project sought to examine the current RDM practices of health and medical researchers from an academic institution in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1833358319831318DOI Listing

Corticolimbic fast-tracking: enhanced multimodal integration in functional neurological disorder.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Radiology, Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA

Objective: Some individuals with functional neurological disorder (FND) exhibit motor and affective disturbances, along with limbic hyper-reactivity and enhanced motor-limbic connectivity. Given that the multimodal integration network (insula, dorsal cingulate, temporoparietal junction (TPJ)) is implicated in convergent sensorimotor, affective and interoceptive processing, we hypothesised that patients with FND would exhibit altered motor and amygdalar resting-state propagation to this network. Patient-reported symptom severity and clinical outcome were also hypothesised to map onto multimodal integration areas. Read More

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http://jnnp.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/jnnp-2018-319657
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-319657DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Biochar application as a tool to decrease soil nitrogen losses (NH volatilization, N O emissions, and N leaching) from croplands: Options and mitigation strength in a global perspective.

Glob Chang Biol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China.

Biochar application to croplands has been proposed as a potential strategy to decrease losses of soil-reactive nitrogen (N) to the air and water. However, the extent and spatial variability of biochar function at the global level are still unclear. Using Random Forest regression modelling of machine learning based on data compiled from the literature, we mapped the impacts of different biochar types (derived from wood, straw, or manure), and their interactions with biochar application rates, soil properties, and environmental factors, on soil N losses (NH volatilization, N O emissions, and N leaching) and crop productivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14613DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Structural Transformation to Attain Responsible BIOSciences (STARBIOS2): Protocol for a Horizon 2020 Funded European Multicenter Project to Promote Responsible Research and Innovation.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Mar 7;8(3):e11745. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

Background: Promoting Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is a major strategy of the "Science with and for Society" work program of the European Union's Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. RRI aims to achieve a better alignment of research and innovation with the values, needs, and expectations of society. The RRI strategy includes the "keys" of public engagement, open access, gender, ethics, and science education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427101PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Improving the cost-effectiveness of laypersons' paediatric basic life support skills training: A randomised non-inferiority study.

Resuscitation 2019 Mar 2;138:28-35. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Anaesthesia, The Juliane Marie Centre, Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aim: To compare dyad (training in pairs without an instructor) with resource-intensive instructor-led training for laypersons' paediatric resuscitation skills in a non-inferiority trial and examine cost-effectiveness of the training methods.

Methods: In this randomised parallel group non-inferiority trial, 155 dyad and 175 instructor-led laypersons were trained in Basic Life Support and Foreign Body Airway Obstruction Management. Dyads were given instructional videos, hands-on exercises and provided feedback to their partner for 50 min. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.02.032DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Reconstruction of high spatial resolution surface air temperature data across China: A new geo-intelligent multisource data-based machine learning technique.

Sci Total Environ 2019 May 10;665:300-313. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; Faculty of Geographical Science, Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resources Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.

Good knowledge of the surface air temperature (SAT) is critical for scientific understanding of ecological environment changes and land-atmosphere thermodynamic interactions. However, sparse and uneven spatial distribution of the temperature gauging stations introduces remarkable uncertainties into analysis of the SAT pattern. From a geo-intelligent perspective, here we proposed a new SAT reconstruction method based on the multisource data and machine learning technique which was developed by considering autocorrelation of the in situ observed SAT in both space and time, or simply STAML, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.077DOI Listing

Decoding Nonadherence to Hypertensive Medication in New York City: A Population Segmentation Approach.

J Prim Care Community Health 2019 Jan-Dec;10:2150132719829311

1 The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: Nearly one-third of adults in New York City (NYC) have high blood pressure and many social, economic, and behavioral factors may influence nonadherence to antihypertensive medication. The objective of this study is to identify profiles of adults who are not taking antihypertensive medications despite being advised to do so.

Methods: We used a machine learning-based population segmentation approach to identify population profiles related to nonadherence to antihypertensive medication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2150132719829311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378427PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Landslide spatial modelling using novel bivariate statistical based Naïve Bayes, RBF Classifier, and RBF Network machine learning algorithms.

Sci Total Environ 2019 May 26;663:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Landslides are major hazards for human activities often causing great damage to human lives and infrastructure. Therefore, the main aim of the present study is to evaluate and compare three machine learning algorithms (MLAs) including Naïve Bayes (NB), radial basis function (RBF) Classifier, and RBF Network for landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM) at Longhai area in China. A total of 14 landslide conditioning factors were obtained from various data sources, then the frequency ratio (FR) and support vector machine (SVM) methods were used for the correlation and selection the most important factors for modelling process, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.329DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

Policy-driven monitoring and evaluation: Does it support adaptive management of socio-ecological systems?

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 4;662:373-384. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), Havenlaan 88 bus 73, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.

Inadequate Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) is often thought to hinder adaptive management of socio-ecological systems. A key influence on environmental management practices are environmental policies: however, their consequences for M&E practices have not been well-examined. We examine three policy areas - the Water Framework Directive, the Natura 2000 Directives, and the Agri-Environment Schemes of the Common Agricultural Policy - whose statutory requirements influence how the environment is managed and monitored across Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.462DOI Listing

The Art of Living With Symptoms: A Qualitative Study Among Patients With Primary Brain Tumors Receiving Proton Beam Therapy.

Cancer Nurs 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Author Affiliations: Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg (Mrs Langegård and Dr Ahlberg); Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, and Regional Cancer Center West, Gothenburg (Dr Björk-Eriksson); The Skandion Clinic, Uppsala (Drs Björk-Eriksson and Witt-Nyström); Department of Nursing, Umeå University, and Department of Cancercentrum, Norrlands University Hospital, Umeå (Dr Fransson); Experimental Oncology, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala University Hospital (Dr Johansson); University Healthcare Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University (Dr Ohlsson-Nevo); Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Section of Oncology, Uppsala University (Dr Witt-Nyström); and Department of Oncology, Skåne University Hospital, and Department of Oncology, Lund University, Sweden (Dr Sjövall).

Background: Symptom management in conjunction with proton beam therapy (PBT) from patient's perspective has not been explored. Such knowledge is essential to optimize the care in this relatively new treatment modality.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the process of symptom management in patients with brain tumor receiving PBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000692DOI Listing
January 2019

Factors that may promote the learning of person-centred care: an ethnographic study of an implementation programme for healthcare professionals in a medical emergency ward in Sweden.

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Institute of Health Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, POB 457, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.

While person-centred care has gained increasing prominence in recent decades as a goal for healthcare systems, mainstream implementation remains tentative and there is a lack of knowledge about how to develop person-centred care in practice. This study therefore aimed to explore what may be required in order for person-centred care programmes to be successful. The study used an ethnographic method of data collection. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10459-018-09869-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-018-09869-yDOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Modeling and estimating aboveground biomass of Dacrydium pierrei in China using machine learning with climate change.

J Environ Manage 2019 Mar 5;234:167-179. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Hainan Bawangling National Natural Reserve, Changjiang, 572722, Hainan, China.

Accurate estimations of the aboveground biomass (AGB) of rare and endangered species are particularly important for protecting forest ecosystems and endangered species and for providing useful information to analyze the influence of past and future climate change on forest AGB. We investigated the feasibility of using three developed and two widely used models, including a generalized regression neural network (GRNN), a group method of data handling (GMDH), an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), an artificial neural network (ANN) and a support vector machine (SVM), to estimate the AGB of Dacrydium pierrei (D. pierrei) in natural forests of China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.090DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Tonic-clonic seizure detection using accelerometry-based wearable sensors: A prospective, video-EEG controlled study.

Seizure 2019 Feb 27;65:48-54. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Neurology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Purpose: The aim of this prospective, video-electroencephalography (video-EEG) controlled study was to evaluate the performance of an accelerometry-based wearable system to detect tonic-clonic seizures (TCSs) and to investigate the accuracy of different seizure detection algorithms using separate training and test data sets.

Methods: Seventy-five epilepsy surgery candidates undergoing video-EEG monitoring were included. The patients wore one three-axis accelerometer on each wrist during video-EEG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.12.024DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

'What kind of life is this?' Diabetes related notions of wellbeing among adults in eastern Uganda and implications for mitigating future chronic disease risk.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 27;18(1):1409. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Community Health and Behavioural Sciences, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Effective prevention and care for type 2 diabetes requires that people link healthy behaviours to chronic disease-related wellbeing. This study explored how people perceive current and future wellbeing, so as to inform lifestyle education.

Methods: Eight focus group discussions and 12 in-depth interviews were conducted in Iganga and Mayuge districts in rural Eastern Uganda among people aged 35-60 years in three risk categories (1) People with diabetes, (2) people at higher risk of diabetes (with hypertension or overweight) and (3) community members without diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6249-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307159PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Revised 2018 Standards of Professional Performance for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (Competent, Proficient, and Expert) in Education of Nutrition and Dietetics Practitioners.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2019 Jan;119(1):124-136.e29

Registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) engaged in education of nutrition and dietetics practitioners facilitate meaningful learning of required knowledge and supervised practice competencies in nutrition and dietetics curricula and proactively support all facets of the learning environment. Addressing the unique needs of each educational situation and applying standards appropriately is essential to providing evidenced-based, learner-centered, up-to-date education for future nutrition and dietetics practitioners. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) leads the profession by developing standards that can be used by RDNs for self-evaluation to assess quality of practice and performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2018.10.014DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Peer-assisted learning after onsite, low-dose, high-frequency training and practice on simulators to prevent and treat postpartum hemorrhage and neonatal asphyxia: A pragmatic trial in 12 districts in Uganda.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0207909. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

An urgent need exists to improve and maintain intrapartum skills of providers in sub-Saharan Africa. Peer-assisted learning may address this need, but few rigorous evaluations have been conducted in real-world settings. A pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial in 12 Ugandan districts provided facility-based, team training for prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage and birth asphyxia at 125 facilities. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207909PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296740PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Adaptively weighted large-margin angle-based classifiers.

J Multivar Anal 2018 Jul 15;166:282-299. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Department of Genetics, Department of Biostatistics, Carolina Center for Genome Sciences, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

Large-margin classifiers are powerful techniques for classification problems. Although binary large-margin classifiers are heavily studied, multicategory problems are more complicated and challenging. A common approach is to construct different decision functions for a -class problem with a sum-to-zero constraint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmva.2018.03.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287911PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Treatment of humerus fractures in the elderly: A systematic review covering effectiveness, safety, economic aspects and evolution of practice.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0207815. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: The objective of this Health Technology Assessment was to evaluate effectiveness, complications and cost-effectiveness of surgical or non-surgical treatment for proximal, diaphyseal or distal fractures of the humerus in elderly patients. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the intervention costs per treatment of proximal humerus fractures (PHF) and to investigate treatment traditions of PHF in Sweden.

Methods And Findings: The assessment contains a systematic review of clinical and health economic studies comparing treatment options for humerus fractures in elderly patients. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207815PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292626PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Individual Genetic Variation Might Predict Acute Skin Reactions in Women Undergoing Adjuvant Breast Cancer Radiotherapy.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6763-6770

Department of Oncology, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.

Adverse skin reactions during radiotherapy (RT) are common. The aim of this study was to explore whether genetic variation might be linked to acute radiation skin reactions (ARSR).

Materials And Methods: One hundred and nineteen women undergoing adjuvant RT for breast cancer were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.13047DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
1.872 Impact Factor

Predicting clinical outcome and length of sick leave after surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis in Sweden: a multi-register evaluation.

Eur Spine J 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Futurum Academy, Jönköping, Sweden.

Purpose: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) can be surgically treated, with variable outcome. Studies have linked socioeconomic factors to outcome, but no nation-wide studies have been performed. This register-based study, including all patients surgically treated for LSS during 2008-2012 in Sweden, aimed to determine predictive factors for the outcome of surgery. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00586-018-5842-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5842-3DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Health disparities across the counties of Kenya and implications for policy makers, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 Jan 25;7(1):e81-e95. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Health Metrics Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2016 provided comprehensive estimates of health loss globally. Decision makers in Kenya can use GBD subnational data to target health interventions and address county-level variation in the burden of disease.

Methods: We used GBD 2016 estimates of life expectancy at birth, healthy life expectancy, all-cause and cause-specific mortality, years of life lost, years lived with disability, disability-adjusted life-years, and risk factors to analyse health by age and sex at the national and county levels in Kenya from 1990 to 2016. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2214109X183047
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30472-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293072PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Population Health Solutions for Assessing Cognitive Impairment in Geriatric Patients.

Innov Aging 2018 Jun 12;2(2):igy025. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Golden Bioscience Communications.

In December 2017, the National Academy of Neuropsychology convened an interorganizational Summit on Population Health Solutions for Assessing Cognitive Impairment in Geriatric Patients in Denver, Colorado. The Summit brought together representatives of a broad range of stakeholders invested in the care of older adults to focus on the topic of cognitive health and aging. Summit participants specifically examined questions of who should be screened for cognitive impairment and how they should be screened in medical settings. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/innovateage/article/doi/10.1093/ger
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igy025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6183165PMC
June 2018
18 Reads

Learning health systems need to bridge the 'two cultures' of clinical informatics and data science.

J Innov Health Inform 2018 Jun 15;25(2):126-131. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

University of Southampton.

Background UK health research policy and plans for population health management are predicated upon transformative knowledge discovery from operational "Big Data". Learning health systems require not only data, but feedback loops of knowledge into changed practice. This depends on knowledge management and application, which in turn depend upon effective system design and implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14236/jhi.v25i2.1062DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Population Health Solutions for Assessing Cognitive Impairment in Geriatric Patients.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Aug - Oct;32(7):1193-1225

av Golden Bioscience Communications.

In December 2017, the National Academy of Neuropsychology convened an interorganizational Summit on Population Health Solutions for Assessing Cognitive Impairment in Geriatric Patients in Denver, Colorado. The Summit brought together representatives of a broad range of stakeholders invested in the care of older adults to focus on the topic of cognitive health and aging. Summit participants specifically examined questions of who should be screened for cognitive impairment and how they should be screened in medical settings. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1517503DOI Listing
November 2018
27 Reads

Syntactic complexity and musical proficiency modulate neural processing of non-native music.

Neuropsychologia 2018 12 22;121:164-174. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

In music, chords are organized into hierarchical structures on the basis of musical syntax and the syntax of Western music can be implicitly acquired by listeners growing up in a Western musical culture. Here, we investigated whether Western musical syntax of different complexities can be implicitly acquired by non-native listeners growing up in China. This study used electroencephalography (EEG) to measure how the neural responses to musical sequences that either follow a simple rule, i. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932183070
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.10.005DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Novel Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms for Spatial Prediction of Floods.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 18;8(1):15364. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Geoinformation, Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) includes two novel GIS-based ensemble artificial intelligence approaches called imperialistic competitive algorithm (ICA) and firefly algorithm (FA). This combination could result in ANFIS-ICA and ANFIS-FA models, which were applied to flood spatial modelling and its mapping in the Haraz watershed in Northern Province of Mazandaran, Iran. Ten influential factors including slope angle, elevation, stream power index (SPI), curvature, topographic wetness index (TWI), lithology, rainfall, land use, stream density, and the distance to river were selected for flood modelling. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33755-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33755-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193992PMC
October 2018
17 Reads

Cost-sensitive multi-label learning with positive and negative label pairwise correlations.

Neural Netw 2018 Dec 20;108:411-423. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Basic Course Teaching, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

Multi-label learning is the problem where each instance is associated with multiple labels simultaneously. Binary Relevance (BR) is a representative algorithm for multi-label learning. However, it may suffer the class-imbalance issue especially when the label space is large. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neunet.2018.09.003DOI Listing
December 2018

Online Education and Case Management.

Prof Case Manag 2018 Nov/Dec;23(6):353-355

Jennifer T. Lauderdale, BA, received her Bachelor of Arts degree in Criminal Justice with an emphasis in Sociology from California State University, Bakersfield. She was a program facilitator at the New Directions Group Home for Girls, a specialized facility responsible for children aged birth to 17 years, including teen mothers and their babies. Jennifer was responsible for medication supervision, nutrition, supporting activities of daily living, enabling the teen mothers to attend school without their children, tutoring, life skills instructor, and vocation counseling. After moving to Colorado in 2008, she worked for 6 years for the 18th Judicial District Juvenile Assessment Center, where she had the privilege of working with children and their families throughout Arapahoe, Douglas, Elbert, and Lincoln counties by coordination services and navigating the juvenile justice system. As a learning coach for the past 4 years, she has come to love and advocate for online education and all its benefits. She was and is so enthusiastic about the opportunity to share her knowledge, insight, and experience so much so that she became a family compliance liaison for Colorado Preparatory Academy and Pikes Peak Online School to further the mission and vision that she has been so passionate about. When Jennifer is not working, you may find her fishing and camping with her family at one of Colorado's state parks.

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01269241-201811000-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCM.0000000000000330DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Helping Babies Breathe, Second Edition: A Model for Strengthening Educational Programs to Increase Global Newborn Survival.

Glob Health Sci Pract 2018 10 4;6(3):538-551. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Section of Neonatology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.

Background: Helping Babies Breathe (HBB), a skills-based program in neonatal resuscitation for birth attendants in resource-limited settings, has been implemented in over 80 countries since 2010. Implementation studies of HBB incorporating low-dose high-frequency practice and quality improvement show substantial reductions in fresh stillbirth and first-day neonatal mortality. Revision of the program aimed to further augment provider and facilitator skills and address gaps in implementation with the goal of improving neonatal survival. Read More

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http://www.ghspjournal.org/lookup/doi/10.9745/GHSP-D-18-0014
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.9745/GHSP-D-18-00147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172134PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Contradictions in clinical teachers' engagement in educational development: an activity theory analysis.

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2019 Mar 3;24(1):125-140. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18A, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Many medical universities offer educational development activities to support clinical teachers in their teaching role. Research has focused on the scope and effectiveness of such activities and on why individual teachers attend. However, systemic perspectives that go beyond a focus on individual participants are scarce in the existing literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-018-9853-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373255PMC
March 2019
14 Reads

Twelve tips for conducting qualitative research interviews.

Med Teach 2018 Sep 28:1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

a Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

The qualitative research interview is an important data collection tool for a variety of methods used within the broad spectrum of medical education research. However, many medical teachers and life science researchers undergo a steep learning curve when they first encounter qualitative interviews, both in terms of new theory but also regarding new methods of inquiry and data collection. This article introduces the concept of qualitative research interviews for novice researchers within medical education, providing 12 tips for conducting qualitative research interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2018.1497149DOI Listing
September 2018

Priorization of River Restoration by Coupling Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) Models in the Taizi River Basin, Northern China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 09 23;15(10). Epub 2018 Sep 23.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China.

Identifying priority zones for river restoration is important for biodiversity conservation and catchment management. However, limited data due to the difficulty of field collection has led to research to better understand the ecological status within a catchment and develop a targeted planning strategy for river restoration. To address this need, coupling hydrological and machine learning models were constructed to identify priority zones for river restoration based on a dataset of aquatic organisms (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6210177PMC
September 2018
20 Reads
2.063 Impact Factor

'How was it for you?' - GP trainees' experiences of a novel practice swap.

Educ Prim Care 2018 11 23;29(6):343-350. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

f Associate Postgraduate Dean for Gloucestershire, School of Primary Care , Health Education England , Bristol , UK.

Newly-qualified General Practitioners (GPs) are underprepared for the challenges of working as independent GPs. This study describes a practice swap - an innovative experiential learning opportunity to increase confidence amongst final year GP trainees for the challenges of future work. The effectiveness of the practice swap was evaluated across two separate GP training areas using questionnaires for GP trainees, practice managers, educational supervisors and newly-qualified GPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14739879.2018.1512382DOI Listing
November 2018

Sensemaking and cognitive shifts - learning from dissemination of a National Quality Register in health care and elderly care.

Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl) 2018 10 10;31(4):371-383. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University , Jönköping, Sweden.

Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine and establish how sensemaking develops among a group of external change agents (ECAs) engaged to disseminate a national quality register nationwide in Swedish health care and elderly care. To study the emergent sensemaking, the theoretical concept of cognitive shift has been used. Design/methodology/approach The data collection method included individual semi-structured interviews, and two sets of interviews (initial sensemaking and renewed sensemaking) have been conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/LHS-03-2017-0013DOI Listing
October 2018

Synchrotron Big Data Science.

Small 2018 Nov 17;14(46):e1802291. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Big Data Science Center, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201204, Shanghai, China.

The rapid development of synchrotrons has massively increased the speed at which experiments can be performed, while new techniques have increased the amount of raw data collected during each experiment. While this has created enormous new opportunities, it has also created tremendous challenges for national facilities and users. With the huge increase in data volume, the manual analysis of data is no longer possible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201802291DOI Listing
November 2018
29 Reads

Student Preparation for Nursing Leadership: Lessons from an Undergraduate Programs Review.

Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 2018 Sep 11;15(1). Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Nursing and Allied Health, Keyano College, Fort McMurray, Canada.

Facilitating student achievement of nationally recognized entry-level-competencies in nursing leadership is a critical step in building capacity to promote patient safety, quality of care, and healthy work environments. Data for this substudy were drawn from a larger multi-phased, multi-method, cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted to inform comprehensive undergraduate curricular revision. The research question for this substudy was: what are the perceptions about undergraduate program preparation for nursing leadership? Frequencies and percentages summarized relevant quantitative data from the surveys and deductive content analysis was used to further explore the category of leadership which emerged from content analysis of qualitative data in the larger study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijnes-2017-0039DOI Listing
September 2018

Transformative capacity and local action for urban sustainability.

Ambio 2019 May 11;48(5):449-462. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

There is a consensus about the strategic importance of cities and urban areas for achieving a global transformation towards sustainability. While there is mounting interest in the types of qualities that increase the capacity of urban systems to attain deep transformations, empirical evidence about the extent to which existing institutional and material systems exhibit transformative capacity is lacking. This paper thereby seeks to determine the extent to which sustainability initiatives led by local governments and their partners reflect the various components that the literature claims can influence the emergence of transformative capacity as a systemic property of urban settings. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13280-018-1086-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-018-1086-zDOI Listing
May 2019
22 Reads

Population health status based on the EQ-5D-Y-3L among adolescents in Sweden: Results by sociodemographic factors and self-reported comorbidity.

Qual Life Res 2018 Nov 8;27(11):2859-2871. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Health Outcomes and Economic Evaluation Research Group, Stockholm Centre for Healthcare Ethics, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18 A, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: The EQ-5D-Y-3L is a generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measure developed for youth from 8 years old. The aim of this study is to present population health status, based on the EQ-5D-Y-3L, among adolescents in Sweden, by sex, age, self-reported comorbidity and parents' occupational status.

Methods: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional total survey among students, aged 13-18 years, in a Swedish County year 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-018-1985-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208600PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Pediatr 2018 Nov 5;172(11):e182847. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Penn State University, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey.

Importance: In recent years, there has been an exponential increase in the research guiding pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) clinical management, in large part because of heightened concerns about the consequences of mTBI, also known as concussion, in children. The CDC National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's (NCIPC) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), a federal advisory committee, established the Pediatric Mild TBI Guideline workgroup to complete this systematic review summarizing the first 25 years of literature in this field of study.

Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the pediatric mTBI literature to serve as the foundation for an evidence-based guideline with clinical recommendations associated with the diagnosis and management of pediatric mTBI. Read More

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http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2847DOI Listing
November 2018
40 Reads

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Among Children.

JAMA Pediatr 2018 Nov 5;172(11):e182853. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Penn State University Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Importance: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, in children is a rapidly growing public health concern because epidemiologic data indicate a marked increase in the number of emergency department visits for mTBI over the past decade. However, no evidence-based clinical guidelines have been developed to date for diagnosing and managing pediatric mTBI in the United States.

Objective: To provide a guideline based on a previous systematic review of the literature to obtain and assess evidence toward developing clinical recommendations for health care professionals related to the diagnosis, prognosis, and management/treatment of pediatric mTBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2853DOI Listing
November 2018
37 Reads