6,226 results match your criteria Academic Radiology[Journal]


Leadership Titles in Radiology: Usage of Non-Inclusive Terminology among Academic Radiology Departments and Societies.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

University of Maryland Intelligent Imaging (UMII) Center, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: To characterize the use of gender-specific (chairman) and non-inclusive terminology (chief) to describe departmental and divisional/sectional leadership within academic radiology department and radiological society websites.

Methods: From a total of 157 unique institutions identified, we gathered a list of 123 departments with functioning websites. We screened for use of "chairman" and "chief" on departmental home pages, welcome messages, faculty listings, and residency program pages, noting location on websites, and alternative terms, if present. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Radiomics Analysis for Predicting Malignant Potential of Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms of the Pancreas: Comparison of CT and MRI.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, No. 300, Guangzhou Rd, Nanjing 210029, China. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: To compare the performance of CT and MRI radiomics for predicting the malignant potential of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas, and to investigate their value compared to the revised 2017 international consensus Fukuoka guidelines.

Materials And Methods: Sixty patients with surgically confirmed IPMNs (37 malignant and 23 benign) were included. Radiomics features were extracted from arterial and venous phase images of CT and T2-weighted images of MRI, respectively. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ensuring a Smooth Transition for Trainees Returning from Parental Leave - A Guide for Program Directors.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Medical Center North, 1161 21st Ave. South, Nashville, TN 37232.

Transitioning from parental leave during radiology residency training can be a time of stress and uncertainty. However, there are ways that program directors can help make the transition smoother and less overwhelming. Trainees report numerous stressors upon returning from leave involving childcare, lactation concerns and logistics, and discrimination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CT Radiomics Features in Differentiation of Focal-Type Autoimmune Pancreatitis from Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: A Propensity Score Analysis.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Radiology, Changhai Hospital, Navy Medical University, 168 Changhai Road, Shanghai, 200434, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the radiomics score (rad-score) for differentiating focal-type autoimmune pancreatitis (fAIP) from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

Methods: This retrospective review included 42 consecutive patients with fAIP diagnosed according to the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria between January 2011 and December 2018. Furthermore, 334 consecutive patients with PDAC confirmed by pathology were also reviewed during the same period. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Weakly Supervised Deep Learning Approach to Breast MRI Assessment.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Associate Professor of Radiology, Director of Research and Education, Breast Imaging Section, Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY 10032. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: To evaluate a weakly supervised deep learning approach to breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) assessment without pixel level segmentation in order to improve the specificity of breast MRI lesion classification.

Materials And Methods: In this IRB approved study, the dataset consisted of 278,685 image slices from 438 patients. The weakly supervised network was based on the Resnet-101 architecture. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ultrasound-Guided Phrenic Nerve Block for Lung Nodule Biopsy: Single-Center Initial Experience.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, Arizona, and Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: Biopsy of lung nodules in the lower lung fields can be difficult because of breathing motion. Ipsilateral phrenic nerve block (PNB) before biopsy should make the biopsy safer, easier, and more precisely targeted. We describe the use of ultrasound-guided PNB before lung nodule biopsy, including relevant anatomy and variations, complications, and technique, along with our first 40 cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Academic Radiology, Systemic Inequity and Health Disparities.

Authors:
James V Rawson

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess, 300 Brookline Avenue, Rosenberg 302b, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Power of Communication.

Authors:
Omer A Awan

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Associate Vice Chair of Education, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 655 W Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bilateral Distance Method for Segmentation of Periventricular from Deep White Matter T2 Signal Hyperintensities on 3-D Brain MRIs.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, University of Michigan. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Survival Advantage of Yttrium-90 Radioembolization to Systemic Therapy in Patients with Hepatic Metastases from Colorectal Cancer in the Salvage Setting: Results of a Matched Pair Study.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: Patients with hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer have a poor prognosis in the salvage setting. This study assessed the survival benefit of adding transarterial Y radioembolization in the salvage setting to systemic therapy.

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective, matched-pair study, 21 patients who underwent radioembolization plus systemic therapy were matched with a cohort of 173 patients who received systemic chemotherapy alone in the salvage setting, defined as progression on at least two different regimens of systemic chemotherapy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Radiomics Can Provide a Deeper Role for Radiology in Precision Medicine of Hepatic Diseases.

Acad Radiol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Radiology, Staten Island University Hospital - Northwell Health, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Accurate Prostate Volumes from Manual Calculations-A Comparison of PI-RADS v2 and v2.1 Measurement Techniques.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0888 California.

There is a theoretical risk of volume overestimation if prostate AP dimension is taken on axial imaging given the anatomic obliquity of the gland on axial plane. This is analogous to slicing a salami sausage diagonally rather than perpendicularly to obtain larger slices. The most recent PI-RADS update (v2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Unlocking Humor for Coping & Resilience.

Authors:
David Fessell

Acad Radiol 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

University of Michigan Health System, Department of Radiology, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differentiation of Chest CT Findings Between Influenza Pneumonia and COVID-19: Interobserver Agreement Between Radiologists.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objectives: To investigate the chest CT and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 pneumonia and H1N1 influenza, and explore the radiologist diagnosis differences between COVID-19 and influenza.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study included a total of 43 COVID-19-confirmed patients (24 men and 19 women, 49.90 ± 18. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Art of Self-Reflection in Teaching.

Authors:
Omer A Awan

Acad Radiol 2021 06;28(6):885-886

University of Maryland School of Medicine, 655 W Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Combination Model of Radiomics Features and Clinical Biomarkers as a Nomogram to Differentiate Nonadvanced From Advanced Liver Fibrosis: A Retrospective Study.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Radiology, Sir Run Run Shaw hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 3 East Qingchun Road, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang 310016, China. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: To develop and validate a combination model of radiomics features and clinical biomarkers to differentiate nonadvanced from advanced liver fibrosis.

Materials And Methods: One hundred and eight consecutive patients with pathologically diagnosed liver fibrosis were randomly placed in a training or a test cohort at a ratio of 2:1. For each patient, 1674 radiomics features extracted from portal venous phase CT images were reduced by using minimum redundancy and maximum relevant. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

From Beginning to End: A Single Radiology Residency Program's Experience with Web-Based Resident Recruitment during COVID-19 and a Review of the Literature.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington State; Department of Radiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington State. Electronic address:

COVID-19 disrupted the practice of in-person visits for the 2020-2021 recruitment cycle. This past year, Graduate Medical Education (GME) programs converted to online interviews and virtual visits for all applicants. Given the unpredictable nature of this pandemic, it remains unclear when or if conventional travel for residency interviews will resume. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Quantitative Imaging of Body Fat Distribution in the Era of Deep Learning.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Systematic Review for Health Disparities and Inequities in Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Prostate Cancer Diagnosis.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Radiology, Stony Brook University,101 Nicolls Rd., HSC L4, Room 120, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8460; Department of Pathology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York.

Rationale And Objectives: Multi-parametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (mpMRI) is a novel procedure recommended by the American Urological Association for Prostate Cancer (PCa) diagnosis. In radiology, differences in utilization of expensive screening techniques are described but never reviewed for mpMRI. Thus, our article aims at summarizing disparities relating to the expensive yet revolutionary mpMRI in United States men with PCa while highlighting needed research areas. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Evolving Importance of Artificial Intelligence and Radiology in Medical Trainee Education.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Centaur Labs Diagnostics, Inc., Boston, Massachusetts.

Radiology education is understood to be an important component of medical school and resident training, yet lacks a standardization of instruction. The lack of uniformity in both how radiology is taught and learned has afforded opportunities for new technologies to intervene. Now with the integration of artificial intelligence within medicine, it is likely that the current medical trainee curricula will experience the impact it has to offer both for education and medical practice. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Analysis of Literature Regarding Health Care Disparities in Radiology: Is Radiology Falling Behind?

Acad Radiol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Staten Island University Hospital Northwell Health, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Staten Island, NY 10305.

Purpose: To quantify the gap between radiology and other specialties regarding the amount of literature on healthcare disparities (HCD).

Methods: Four different searches were conducted to evaluate the amount of literature on HCD in radiology as compared to internal medicine and surgery. Initially, the Journal Citation Report was utilized to search for the five highest ranking journals in each field and a second search used impact factor. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reducing Health Disparities in Radiology Through Social Determinants of Health: Lessons From the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Radiology, University of California, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego 92103 CA; VA San Diego Healthcare System, Department of Radiology, San Diego, California.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the disproportionate morbidity and mortality borne by racial minorities, patients of lower socioeconomic status, and patients lacking health insurance reflect the critical role of social determinants of health, which are manifestations of entrenched structural inequities. In radiology, social determinants of health lead to disparate use of imaging services through multiple intersecting contributors, on both the provider and patient side, affecting diagnosis and treatment. Disparities on the provider side include ordering of initial or follow-up imaging studies and providing standard-of-care interventional procedures, while patient factors include differences in awareness of screening exams and confidence in the healthcare system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Roots of Structural Racism in the United States and their Manifestations During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego, California; Department of Radiology, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the disproportionate morbidity and mortality borne by racial minorities, patients of lower socioeconomic status, and patients lacking health insurance reflect pre-existing structural inequities. Structural racism is racial discrimination rooted in history, perpetuated through policies, and manifested in disparities in healthcare, housing, education, employment, and wealth. Although these disparities exert greater impacts on health outcomes than do genetics or behavior, scientists, and policy makers are only beginning to name structural racism as a key determinant of population health and take the necessary steps to dismantle it. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nationwide Analysis of Integrated and Independent Interventional Radiology Residency Websites During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Radiology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Objectives: To analyze current interventional radiology residency program websites based on validated criteria and highlight areas for improvement during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Materials And Methods: ACGME-accredited interventional radiology residency programs were identified from the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) public database, including 91 independent and 89 integrated programs. Program Webpages were then evaluated during September and October 2020 based on the presence of 48 criteria, organized into seven main categories including visibility & communication, program information, curriculum information, faculty description, research, recruitment, and salary and benefits. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bone Marrow Fat Distribution in Patients With β-Thalassemia: A Study Using Chemical Shift-Based Water-Fat MRI.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia.

Rationale And Objectives: Molecular studies have shown the changes in bone marrow fat in relation to altered hematopoiesis. This study aims to investigate the changes in the bone marrow fat in patients affected by β-thalassemia by using chemical shift-encoded (CSE)-MRI.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-three subjects, comprising of six healthy (17-31 years old) and 17 β-thalassemia subjects (19-39 years old), were scanned using a multiecho fast low angle shot sequence (0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lymphadenopathy Following COVID-19 Vaccination: Imaging Findings Review.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Diagnostic & Interventional Radiology of New Hospitals LTD, 12 Krtsanisi, 0114 Tbilisi, Georgia; Department of Radiology, Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU), Tbilisi, Georgia. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: Despite all the benefits and effectiveness of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines mentioned in recent clinical trials, some post-vaccination side effects such as lymphadenopathy (LAP) were observed. The present study reviewed all studies with imaging findings presentation of LAP after COVID-19 vaccination.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a literature search in online databases, including Scopus, Medline (PubMed), Web of Science, Embase (Elsevier), Cochrane library, and Google Scholar. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Access to Mammography Among Indigenous Peoples in North America.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Surgery, University of Saskatchewan, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5 Canada.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Generosity as Medical Excellence: Lessons for Learners.

Acad Radiol 2021 06 6;28(6):883-884. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Radiology, Indiana University, 702 North Barnhill Drive, Room 1053, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Progress in Development of Statistically-Verifiable Successful Teaching Tools: RadExam Makes a Successful Debut.

Authors:
Robert J Bert

Acad Radiol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Radiology, University of Louisville, 530 South Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40202. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Can BOLD fMRI Demonstrate Early Response to Chemoembolization in HCCs?

Authors:
Baris Turkbey

Acad Radiol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Molecular Imaging Branch, NCI, NIH, 10 Center Drive, Room B3B85, Bethesda, Maryland 20814. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF