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    Child labour and health: a systematic review.
    Int J Public Health 2018 Jan 20. Epub 2018 Jan 20.
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Purvis Hall 1020 Pine Avenue, West Montreal, QC, H3A 1A2, Canada.
    Objectives: This study aimed to synthesise the available knowledge, identify unexplored areas and discuss general limits of the published evidence. We focused on outcomes commonly hypothesised to be affected by child labour: nutritional status, harmful exposures and injuries.

    Methods: Four electronic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, ISI Web of Science) were searched in November 2017. Read More

    Outcomes of Latarjet Procedure Compared With Bankart Repair for Recurrent Traumatic Anterior Shoulder Instability.
    J Athl Train 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Department of Kinesiology, Towson University, MD.
    Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. Read More

    Role of dual-energy CT in the diagnosis and follow-up of gout: systematic analysis of the literature.
    Clin Rheumatol 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Department of Rheumatology, Dijon University Hospital, 14 rue Gaffarel, 21000, Dijon, France.
    The aim of this systematic review was to determine the potential role of dual-energy CT in the diagnosis and follow-up of gout with regard to the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) filter. A systematic analysis of the literature was conducted using the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases and published abstracts of international congresses, according to the criteria of the OMERACT filter: feasibility, reproducibility, validity versus laboratory (serum urate, MSU synovial fluid aspirate) and other imaging modalities for gout, and its sensitivity to change in patients on urate lowering therapy (ULT). Thirty-two articles were found representing a total of 1502 patients. Read More

    Publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meeting of International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Antalya Atatürk State Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.
    Introduction: Publication of a study is the end point of the process to contribute to the literature and confirm the scientific value of the study. Publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meetings of neurosurgery have been studied, previously. However, publication rates of the abstracts presented at the annual meetings of pediatric neurosurgery have not been reported, yet. Read More

    Resilience and protective factors among people with a history of child maltreatment: a systematic review.
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Jan 18. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
    Purpose: To provide an overview of resilience and protective factors associated with a better life following child maltreatment exposure, to compare protective factors across specific subtypes of maltreatment, and to explore existing issues in the current state of the literature.

    Methods: Electronic databases and grey literature up to October 2017 were systematically searched for English language with observational study designs for the research on resilience and childhood maltreatment. Systematic review and qualitative approaches were used to synthesize the results. Read More

    Mortality and Hospitalizations in Intensive Dialysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Can J Kidney Health Dis 2018 10;5:2054358117749531. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Nephrology, Humber River Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Background: Survival and hospitalization are critically important outcomes considered when choosing between intensive hemodialysis (HD), conventional HD, and peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the comparative effectiveness of these modalities is unclear.

    Objective: We had the following aims: (1) to compare the association of mortality and hospitalization in patients undergoing intensive HD, compared with conventional HD or PD and (2) to appraise the methodological quality of the supporting evidence. Read More

    Health-related quality of life among healthy elderly Iranians: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature.
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 2018 Jan 18;16(1):18. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Section of History of Medicine and Ethics, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measurement in elderly people can provide appropriate information for an optimal management of physical/mental conditions. The main objective of the present study was to quantitatively assess the HRQoL among healthy elder Iranian individuals as measured by the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, both overall and at the level of each its single component/domain.

    Methods: This study was designed as a systematic review and meta-analysis, following the "Preferred Reporting Results of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" (PRISMA) guidelines. Read More

    A systematic review on the use of healthcare services by undocumented migrants in Europe.
    BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Jan 18;18(1):30. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Department of Health Services Research, CAPHRI, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200, MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Undocumented migrants face particular challenges in accessing healthcare services in many European countries. The aim of this study was to systematically review the academic literature on the utilization of healthcare services by undocumented migrants in Europe.

    Methods: The databases Embase, Medline, Global Health and Cinahl Plus were searched systematically to identify quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods studies published in 2007-2017. Read More

    Systematic review of Injuries in Mixed Martial Arts.
    Phys Sportsmed 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    b Independent Researcher , 1604 21 Avenue, NW, Calgary , Alberta , T2M1M1.
    Objectives: To assess injury rates in all mixed martial arts (MMA) studies.

    Methods: Six online databases were searched until November 2017 including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, PubMed, Google/Google Scholar and conference proceedings. All included studies were entered in Pub Med Single Citation Matcher and all citation chains followed. Read More

    Changing Collective Social Norms in Favour of Reduced Harmful Use of Alcohol: A Review of Reviews.
    Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2S1.
    Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated.

    Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Read More

    The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, The Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, and The American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology: Clinical Practice Guidelines-Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
    Anesth Analg 2018 Feb;126(2):413-424
    Despite more than a half century of "safe" cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the evidence base surrounding the conduct of anticoagulation therapy for CPB has not been organized into a succinct guideline. For this and other reasons, there is enormous practice variability relating to the use and dosing of heparin, monitoring heparin anticoagulation, reversal of anticoagulation, and the use of alternative anticoagulants. To address this and other gaps, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, and the American Society of Extracorporeal Technology developed an Evidence Based Workgroup. Read More

    Barriers to and Facilitators of Implementing Enhanced Recovery Pathways Using an Implementation Framework: A Systematic Review.
    JAMA Surg 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco.
    Importance: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have the potential to reduce length of hospital stay, costs, and complications following surgery but can be challenging to implement.

    Objective: To examine the body of literature on ERPs to assess how authors describe barriers and facilitators of ERP implementation and identify, in aggregate, the best practices that should be considered utilizing the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to extract these elements and summarize common barriers and facilitators according to its 5 major domains: (1) intervention characteristics, (2) inner setting, (3) outer setting, (4) characteristics of the individuals, and (5) the process of implementation.

    Evidence Review: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement. Read More

    Acoustic Analysis of Voice in Singers: A Systematic Review.
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 2018 Jan 17:1-12. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India.
    Purpose: Singers are vocal athletes having specific demands from their voice and require special consideration during voice evaluation. Presently, there is a lack of standards for acoustic evaluation in them. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the available literature on the acoustic analysis of voice in singers. Read More

    Understanding the factors that effect maximal fat oxidation.
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2018 12;15. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    2Department of Health, Exercise & Sports Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM USA.
    Lipids as a fuel source for energy supply during submaximal exercise originate from subcutaneous adipose tissue derived fatty acids (FA), intramuscular triacylglycerides (IMTG), cholesterol and dietary fat. These sources of fat contribute to fatty acid oxidation (FAox) in various ways. The regulation and utilization of FAs in a maximal capacity occur primarily at exercise intensities between 45 and 65% VO2max, is known as maximal fat oxidation (MFO), and is measured in g/min. Read More

    LocText: relation extraction of protein localizations to assist database curation.
    BMC Bioinformatics 2018 Jan 17;19(1):15. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Bioinformatics & Computational Biology, Department of Informatics, Technical University of Munich (TUM), Boltzmannstr. 3, Garching, 85748, Germany.
    Background: The subcellular localization of a protein is an important aspect of its function. However, the experimental annotation of locations is not even complete for well-studied model organisms. Text mining might aid database curators to add experimental annotations from the scientific literature. Read More

    Prenatal paracetamol exposure and child neurodevelopment: A review.
    Horm Behav 2018 Jan 13. Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City, NY 10029, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: The non-prescription medication paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) is currently recommended as a safe pain and fever treatment during pregnancy. However, recent studies suggest a possible association between APAP use in pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment.

    Objectives: To conduct a review of publications reporting associations between prenatal APAP use and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. Read More

    Identification of gaps in the current knowledge on pulmonary hypertension in extremely preterm infants: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Center for Congenital Heart Diseases, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
    Background: Pulmonary hypertension complicates the clinical course of extremely preterm infants and is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension in these infants are insufficiently known. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to provide an up-to-date overview of available data on prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension and to identify current knowledge gaps. Read More

    The prescribable drugs with efficacy in experimental epilepsies (PDE3) database for drug repurposing research in epilepsy.
    Epilepsia 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Molecular & Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
    Objective: Current antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have several shortcomings. For example, they fail to control seizures in 30% of patients. Hence, there is a need to identify new AEDs. Read More

    Pharmacologic Treatment of Hypertensive Urgency in the Outpatient Setting: A Systematic Review.
    J Gen Intern Med 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Wake Forest Baptist Health, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, USA.
    Background: Hypertensive urgency (HU), defined as acute severe uncontrolled hypertension without end-organ damage, is a common condition. Despite its association with long-term morbidity and mortality, guidance regarding immediate management is sparse. Our objective was to summarize the evidence examining the effects of antihypertensive medications to treat. Read More

    European Respiratory Society International Congress 2017: highlights from the Clinical Assembly.
    ERJ Open Res 2018 Jan 10;4(1). Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Pneumology and Critical Care Medicine, Thoraxklinik at Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.
    This article contains highlights and a selection of the scientific advances from the European Respiratory Society's Clinical Assembly (Assembly 1 and its six respective groups) that were presented at the 2017 European Respiratory Society International Congress in Milan, Italy. The most relevant topics from each of the groups will be discussed, covering a wide range of areas including clinical problems, rehabilitation and chronic care, thoracic imaging, interventional pulmonology, diffuse and parenchymal lung diseases, and general practice and primary care. In this comprehensive review, the newest research and actual data as well as award-winning abstracts and highlight sessions will be discussed. Read More

    Incidence and relative risk of peripheral neuropathy in cancer patients treated with eribulin: a meta-analysis.
    Oncotarget 2017 Dec 19;8(67):112076-112084. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Thoracic Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.
    Background: Eribulin is a microtubule inhibitor, which is approved for the treatment of breast cancer. Peripheral neuropathy has been reported in the studies of eribulin, but the incidence and relative risk (RR) of eribulin-associated peripheral neuropathy varied greatly in cancer patients. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the overall incidence and RR of eribulin-associated peripheral neuropathy in cancer patients. Read More

    Publication outcome of abstracts submitted to the American Academy of Ophthalmology meeting.
    J Med Libr Assoc 2018 Jan 2;106(1):57-64. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Objective: Abstracts submitted to meetings are subject to less rigorous peer review than full-text manuscripts. This study aimed to explore the publication outcome of abstracts presented at the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) annual meeting.

    Methods: Abstracts presented at the 2008 AAO meeting were analyzed. Read More

    Roles for librarians in systematic reviews: a scoping review.
    J Med Libr Assoc 2018 Jan 2;106(1):46-56. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Objective: What roles do librarians and information professionals play in conducting systematic reviews? Librarians are increasingly called upon to be involved in systematic reviews, but no study has considered all the roles librarians can perform. This inventory of existing and emerging roles aids in defining librarians' systematic reviews services.

    Methods: For this scoping review, the authors conducted controlled vocabulary and text-word searches in the PubMed; Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts; and CINAHL databases. Read More

    Assessment of knowledge and skills in information literacy instruction for rehabilitation sciences students: a scoping review.
    J Med Libr Assoc 2018 Jan 2;106(1):15-37. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Objective: This scoping review investigates how knowledge and skills are assessed in the information literacy (IL) instruction for students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech-language pathology, regardless of whether the instruction was given by a librarian. The objectives were to discover what assessment measures were used, determine whether these assessment methods were tested for reliability and validity, and provide librarians with guidance on assessment methods to use in their instruction in evidence-based practice contexts.

    Methods: A scoping review methodology was used. Read More

    Nature of the Non-traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Literature: A Systematic Review.
    Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2017 ;23(4):353-367
    South Australian Spinal Cord Injury Service, Hampstead Rehabilitation Centre, Lightsview, South Australia, Australia.
    Background: Non-traumatic SCI (NTSCI) etiologies represent a markedly heterogeneous cluster of conditions defined within the consensus NTSCI taxonomy. This meta-analysis assembles evidence about the occurrence of NTSCI and its clinical outcomes with respect to 6 research domains. Purpose: To investigate the quality and quantity of clinical NTSCI evidence published in the peer reviewed literature with reference to prognosis, diagnosis, intervention, process of care, methodology, and qualitative approaches. Read More

    Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics (ISNN 2017).
    J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics 2018 Jan 17;10(5-6):155-162. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Departments of Human Genetics and Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine of UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    The International Society of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics (ISNN) held its 11th annual Congress in Los Angeles, California, between September 16 and 19, 2017. In addition to 2 keynote lectures, 4 plenary sessions included presentations by internationally renowned speakers on cutting-edge areas of research and new discoveries in genetics/genomics, the microbiome, and nutrition. Scientific topics included multi-omics approaches; diet and the microbiome; cancer, longevity, and metabolism; moving the field forward; and translational/educational aspects and the future of medicine. Read More

    [Immunotherapy in renal cell carcinoma: A booming clinical research].
    Prog Urol 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Service d'urologie, centre hospitalier universitaire d'Angers, 4, rue Larrey, 49933 Angers cedex 9, France. Electronic address:
    Context: Nivolumab, an anti-PD1 immune control point inhibitor, is the first treatment that has improved the overall survival of patients after first-line metastatic renal cell carcinoma in 2015. Over the past two years, a large number of trials on these treatments and the interest of associations are being evaluated.

    Objective: In this article, we propose to summarize the clinical development of checkpoint inhibitors to assess the direction of clinical research in this area. Read More

    The Cardiovascular Toxicity of Abiraterone and Enzalutamide in Prostate Cancer.
    Clin Genitourin Cancer 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Medical Oncology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata, Verona, Italy.
    Introduction: The cardiovascular toxicity related to abiraterone and enzalutamide has been previously studied by our group. In this analysis, we aim to update our previous findings related to abiraterone and enzalutamide, including the new available evidence, both in castration-resistant and hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective studies were identified by searching the MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, and ASCO Meeting abstracts. Read More

    Critical inhaler errors in asthma and COPD: a systematic review of impact on health outcomes.
    Respir Res 2018 Jan 16;19(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Background: Inhaled drug delivery is the cornerstone treatment for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, use of inhaler devices can be challenging, potentially leading to critical errors in handling that can significantly reduce drug delivery to the lungs and effectiveness of treatment.

    Methods: A systematic review was conducted to define 'critical' errors and their impact on health outcomes and resource use between 2004 and 2016, using key search terms for inhaler errors in asthma and COPD (Search-1) and associated health-economic and patient burden (Search-2). Read More

    Publication rate of abstracts presented at Japan Geriatrics Society Annual Meetings (2011-2012): a retrospective observational study.
    BMC Res Notes 2018 Jan 16;11(1):36. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Hospital Organization Tochigi Medical Center, 1-10-37, Nakatomatsuri, Utsunomiya, Tochigi, 3208580, Japan.
    Objective: We aimed to determine the publication rate of abstracts presented at Japan Geriatrics Society Annual Meetings. Publication rates were determined by searching for full-text publications up to September 2017 in the MEDLINE database. Factors associated with publication were determined. Read More

    Effect of exercise versus cognitive behavioural therapy or no intervention on anxiety, depression, fitness and quality of life in adults with previous methamphetamine dependency: a systematic review.
    Addict Sci Clin Pract 2018 Jan 16;13(1). Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, PO Box 241, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa.
    Background: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. Read More

    Update on the Role of Actovegin in Musculoskeletal Medicine: A Review of the Past 10 Years.
    Clin J Sport Med 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    WelshBone, Cardiff University, Grantham and District Hospital.
    Background: Actovegin is a biological drug with a controversial history of use in the treatment of sports injuries during the past 60 years. Particular concerns have been raised about its ergogenic potential to enhance performance, but some of these have been based on little more than anecdote.

    Objectives: In this article, we review the most recent scientific evidence to determine the clinical efficacy, safety profile, and legal status of Actovegin. Read More

    Trends in Singing Voice Research: An Innovative Approach.
    J Voice 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal; Fernando Pessoa Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS), University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal; LAQV, REQUIMTE, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to trace and describe research patterns in singing voice, to compare the amount of published research over time, to identify journals that published most papers on "singing voice," and to establish the most frequent research topics.

    Materials And Methods: The study uses qualitative and quantitative approaches through descriptive statistics, text mining, and clustering. The authors conducted a search to identify scientific papers. Read More

    Preventing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder following childbirth and traumatic birth experiences: A systematic review.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Introduction: Between 9 and 44% of women experience giving birth as traumatic, and 3% of women develop a posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth. Knowledge on risk factors is abundant, but studies on treatment are limited. This study aimed to present an overview of means to prevent traumatic birth experiences and childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Read More

    Barriers and facilitators to cultural competence in rehabilitation services: a scoping review.
    BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Jan 15;18(1):23. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    University of Ottawa, Roger Guindon Hall, 455 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L1, USA.
    Background: There is an important need to evaluate whether rehabilitation services effectively address the needs of minority culture populations with North America's increasingly diverse population. The objective of this paper was therefore to review and assess the state of knowledge of barriers and facilitators to cultural competence in rehabilitation services.

    Method: Our scoping review focused on cultural competence in rehabilitation services. Read More

    2016 United Kingdom national guideline on the sexual health care of men who have sex with men.
    Int J STD AIDS 2018 Jan 1:956462417746897. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    9 BASHH CEG, BASHH 2017 Registered Office, Macclesfield, UK.
    This guideline is intended for use in UK Genitourinary medicine clinics and sexual health services but is likely to be of relevance in all sexual health settings, including general practice and Contraception and Sexual Health (CASH) services, where men who have sex with men (MSM) seek sexual health care or where addressing the sexual health needs of MSM may have public health benefits. For the purposes of this document, MSM includes all gay, bisexual and all other males who have sex with other males and both cis and trans men. This document does not provide guidance on the treatment of particular conditions where this is covered in other British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) Guidelines but outlines best practice in multiple aspects of the sexual health care of MSM. Read More

    A comprehensive review of endoscopic ultrasound core biopsy needles.
    Expert Rev Med Devices 2018 Jan 16:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    a Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , NC , USA.
    Introduction: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition by-fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) developed over the last two decades as an attempt to overcome the limitations of fine needle aspiration (FNA). There are now three commercially available second-generation FNB needles with different tip designs. Areas covered: In this review the roles of EUS-FNA and FNB, the history and evolution of the EUS core biopsy needle are addressed followed by a presentation of currently available needles. Read More

    The experiences of physical rehabilitation in individuals with spinal cord injuries: a qualitative thematic synthesis.
    Disabil Rehabil 2018 Jan 15:1-18. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    a Rehabilitation Sciences Institute , University of Toronto , Toronto , Canada.
    Purpose: The purpose of this thematic synthesis review was to identify and synthesise published qualitative research on the perspectives of individuals with spinal cord injuries with respect to physical rehabilitation interventions.

    Materials And Methods: The peer-reviewed literature was searched across seven databases and identified abstracts were independently screened by two reviewers. A thematic synthesis methodology was used to code and synthesise the results from the included studies. Read More

    Mortality after endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms - the newer the better?
    Vasa 2018 Jan 15:1-10. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    1 Surgery Working Group, Society of Junior Doctors, Athens, Greece.
    Although endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR) presents a delicate alternative treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) with lower perioperative mortality, its long-term efficacy remains a matter of concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the currently reported mortality evidence after EVAR and to examine the possible effect of aneurysm status and the study period on mortality rates. The PubMed and Cochrane bibliographical databases were thoroughly searched for studies reporting on more than 1 000 patients with non-ruptured or ruptured infrarenal AAA, treated with EVAR from August 1991 to September 2016. Read More

    A Profile of Gender-Based Violence Research in Europe: Findings From a Focused Mapping Review and Synthesis.
    Trauma Violence Abuse 2017 Jan 1:1524838017719234. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    3 School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    This article reports the findings from a new form of review: a focused mapping review and synthesis. The aim was to create a contemporary, snapshot profile of the nature and scope of gender-based violence (GBV) studies conducted in Europe. GBV is one of the most prevalent human rights violations in the world affecting mainly women and girls. Read More

    SIX1 and DACH1 influence the proliferation and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma through regulating p53.
    Cancer Biol Ther 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    b Department of Biliary and Pancreatic Surgery , Affiliated Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan , 430030 , Hubei , China.
    ABSTRACTS This research aimed to explore effects of SIX1 and DACH1 on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle. Fifty paired hepatocellular carcinoma tissues were screened for differentially expressed genes. SIX1 and DACH1 expressions were subjected to qRT-PCR and western blot in tumor tissues and cells. Read More

    Systematic Review of Community-Engaged Research in Ophthalmology.
    Expert Rev Ophthalmol 2017 19;12(3):233-241. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan.
    Introduction: Community-engaged research (CEnR) allows researchers and community organizations to partner together to improve health outcomes and to decrease health disparities. While prevalent in other fields of medicine, it is rarely used in ophthalmology.

    Areas Covered: A comprehensive search of Ovid MEDLINE, NLM Pubmed, Ovid Embase, Scopus and the Cochrane Library for the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) "Community-based participatory research" and text word variations including participatory research, community engagement, community research, partnered research, community-institutional relations, CENR, CBPR in addition to variations on ophthalmology, eye diseases, vision disorders and eye injuries yielded 451 unique references. Read More

    Effects of spinal manipulation and myofascial techniques on heart rate variability: A systematic review.
    J Bodyw Mov Ther 2018 Jan 3;22(1):203-208. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    Colégio Brasileiro de Osteopatia, Sorocaba, SP, Brazil; Laboratory of Human Movement Analysis, Physical Therapy Course, University of Sorocaba (UNISO), Sorocaba, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Background: The analysis of heart rate variability is important to the investigation of stimuli from the autonomic nervous system. Osteopathy is a form of treatment that can influence this system in healthy individuals as well as those with a disorder or disease.

    Objectives: The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the literature regarding the effect of spinal manipulation and myofascial techniques on heart rate variability. Read More

    Effect of induction chemotherapy on the quality-of-life in patients with advanced stage tongue cancer by a prospective study.
    J Int Med Res 2018 Jan 1:300060517721073. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    2 Department of Stomatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.
    Abstracts Objective To assess how induction chemotherapy affects the quality-of-life (QoL) in patients with advanced tongue cancer. Methods This prospective study included patients who were diagnosed with advanced tongue cancer. Each patient was asked to complete the University of Washington QoL (UW-QoL), version 4, questionnaire preoperatively and at 12 months after surgery. Read More

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