47,756 results match your criteria Abstracts are Not Accepted [Journal]


Clinical factors associated with successful meniscal root repairs: A systematic review.

Knee 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, United States. Electronic address:

Purpose: To systematically review the literature to determine what clinical factors influence patient outcomes after meniscal root repairs.

Methods: A systematic review of multiple databases was performed. The inclusion criteria included English language, studies evaluating clinical and/or radiographic factors related to meniscal root repair outcomes, medial or lateral posterior root repairs, and human studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019

A scoping review of consumer needs for cancer information.

Patient Educ Couns 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: This study was a scoping review of research on cancer-related health information seeking and needs of patients, survivor, non-patients, and caregivers.

Methods: This study used the COSI model to search for articles published from 2007 to 2017.

Results: In total, 117 articles with titles and abstracts including the following terms were selected: cancer, health, information, seeking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Thrombotic complications in inflammatory bowel diseases.

G Chir 2019 Jan-Feb;40(1):14-19

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) are associated with an increased risk of arterial and venous thromboembolism. A 2 to 3 time fold increased risk of developing thromboembolic complications was reported for IBD patients compared to general population. A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Cochrane database. Read More

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Gynecologic Cancer in HIV-Positive Women: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; The Kelly Gynecologic Oncology Service, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address:

Objective: While there is a significant body of literature on cervical cancer in HIV-positive women, little is known about other gynecologic cancers in this population. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to describe the incidence, presentation, treatment, and outcomes for HIV-positive women with non-AIDS-defining gynecologic cancers.

Data Source: We searched Medline, Embase, ClinicalTrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.022DOI Listing
February 2019

Prolene hernia system versus Lichtenstein repair for inguinal hernia: a meta-analysis.

Hernia 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of General Surgery, Worthing Hospital, Lyndhurst Road, Worthing, BN11 2DH, UK.

Background: Lichtenstein repair is standard practice for inguinal herniorrhaphy, but there is increasing public concern in the use of mesh and postoperative chronic pain. New mesh technology, such as the prolene hernia system, has a preperitoneal component to reinforce the myopectineal orifice aim to reduce the risk of recurrence and chronic pain. This meta-analysis compares outcomes using prolene hernia system versus lichenstein repair for inguinal hernias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-019-01897-wDOI Listing
February 2019

2019 Congress Poster Abstracts.

Authors:

Oncol Nurs Forum 2019 Mar;46(2):E73

Each abstract has been indexed according to the first author. Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1188/19.ONF.E73DOI Listing

2019 Congress Podium Abstracts.

Authors:

Oncol Nurs Forum 2019 Mar;46(2):E72

Each abstract has been indexed according to first author. Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1188/19.ONF.E72DOI Listing

The role of collagenase ointment in acute burns: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Wound Care 2019 Feb;28(Sup2):S9-S15

Assistant Professor; Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, US. Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, US.

Objective:: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to summarise the state of the literature in regard to the efficacy and uses of clostridial collagenase ointment (CCO) in the burn patient.

Method:: A systematic review of articles available on PubMed, Scopus and OvidSP Medline was performed. Keywords used in the search process included burns, thermal injury, collagenase, enzymatic debridement, wound care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2019.28.Sup2.S9DOI Listing
February 2019

Systematic review of preoperative carotid duplex ultrasound compared with computed tomography carotid angiography for carotid endarterectomy.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Regional Vascular Centre, Royal Preston Hospital , Preston , UK.

Introduction: We reviewed the literature for preoperative computed tomography carotid angiography and/or carotid duplex to determine their respective sensitivity and specificity in assessing the degree of carotid stenosis. We aimed to identify whether one imaging modality can accurately identify critical stenosis in patients presenting with transient ischaemic attack or symptoms of a cerebrovascular accident requiring carotid endarterectomy.

Methods: Systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane database of systematic reviews, all Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ACP Journal club, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Cochrane Clinical Answers, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Cochrane Methodology Register, Health Technology Assessment and NHS Economic Evaluation Database) for primary studies relating to computed tomography carotid angiography (CTA) and/or carotid duplex ultrasound (CDU). Read More

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https://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/doi/10.1308/rcsann.2019.0010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2019.0010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

In this Issue: Graphical Abstracts.

Authors:

Allergy 2019 Feb;74(2):209-212

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13710DOI Listing
February 2019

Different light-activation systems associated with dental bleaching: a systematic review and a network meta-analysis.

Clin Oral Investig 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Restorative Dentistry, State University of Ponta Grossa, Rua Carlos Cavalcanti, 4748, Bloco M, Sala 64-A, Uvaranas, Ponta Grossa, Paraná, 84030-900, Brazil.

Objectives: A systematic review and a network meta-analysis were performed to answer the following research question: "Is there any light-activation protocol capable of improving color change efficacy when associated with an in-office bleaching gel in adults?"

Material And Methods: A search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE without date and/or language restrictions in April 23, 2017 (updated on March 30, 2018). IADR abstracts (1990-2018), unpublished and ongoing trial registries, dissertations, and theses were also searched. Only randomized clinical trials conducted in adults that included at least one group treated with in-office dental bleaching with light activation were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-019-02835-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Automatic brain lesion segmentation on standard MRIs of the human head: a scoping review protocol.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 13;9(2):e024824. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Avdelningen för Radiofysik, Goteborgs Universitet Institutionen for Kliniska Vetenskaper, Göteborg, Sweden.

Introduction: Automatic brain lesion segmentation from medical images has great potential to support clinical decision making. Although numerous methods have been proposed, significant challenges must be addressed before they will become established in clinical and research practice. We aim to elucidate the state of the art, to provide a synopsis of competing approaches and identify contrasts between them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024824DOI Listing
February 2019

The Biological Measurements of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: A Systematic Review.

Authors:
Carol Reive

Explore (NY) 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Chronic Stress disrupts homeostasis, resulting in adverse physiologic and psychologic sequela. Research on the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) have primarily used self-report measures or biological measurements of a single body system. There has been no attempt to synthesize the literature of the biological measurements of MBSR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Can mental health treatments help prevent or reduce intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income countries? A systematic review.

BMC Womens Health 2019 Feb 14;19(1):34. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, HH795, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Epidemiological research suggests an interrelationship between mental health problems and the (re)occurrence of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, little is known about the impact of mental health treatments on IPV victimization or perpetration, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC).

Methods: We conducted a systematic review to identify prospective, controlled studies of mental health treatments in LMIC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-019-0728-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of reporting quality of abstracts of systematic reviews with meta-analysis using PRISMA-A and discordance in assessments between raters without prior experience.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2019 Feb 14;19(1):32. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and Health Care, Catholic University of Croatia, Ilica 242, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Reporting quality of systematic reviews' (SRs) abstracts is important because this is often the only information about a study that readers have. The aim of this study was to assess adherence of SR abstracts in the field of anesthesiology with the reporting checklist PRISMA extension for Abstracts (PRISMA-A) and to analyze to what extent will the use of PRISMA-A yield concordant ratings in two raters without prior experience with the checklist.

Methods: We analyzed reporting quality of SRs with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of interventions published in the field of anesthesiology from 2012 to 2016 by using 12-item PRISMA-A checklist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0675-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Therapeutic Options for Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis.

JAMA Oncol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Importance: Multiple therapies are currently available for patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), yet many therapies have not been compared head-to-head within randomized clinical trials (RCTs).

Objective: To assess the relative safety and efficacy of therapies for NETs.

Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, trial registries, meeting abstracts, and reference lists from January 1, 1947, to March 2, 2018, were searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.6720DOI Listing
February 2019

The Additive Effects of Creatine Supplementation and Exercise Training in an Aging Population: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Geriatr Phys Ther 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Physical Therapy, University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, Texas.

Background And Purpose: The role of creatine supplementation in young athletes and bodybuilders is well established including ergogenic properties of muscular hypertrophy, strength, power, and endurance. Whether the benefits of creatine supplementation translate to an aging population with moderate training stimulus remains unclear especially in regard to gender, creatine dose, and duration. This systematic review assessed whether creatine supplementation combined with exercise results in additive improvements in indices of skeletal muscle, bone, and mental health over exercise alone in healthy older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JPT.0000000000000222DOI Listing
February 2019

Digital Education in Health Professions: The Need for Overarching Evidence Synthesis.

J Med Internet Res 2019 02 14;21(2):e12913. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Health Workforce Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Synthesizing evidence from randomized controlled trials of digital health education poses some challenges. These include a lack of clear categorization of digital health education in the literature; constantly evolving concepts, pedagogies, or theories; and a multitude of methods, features, technologies, or delivery settings. The Digital Health Education Collaboration was established to evaluate the evidence on digital education in health professions; inform policymakers, educators, and students; and ultimately, change the way in which these professionals learn and are taught. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12913DOI Listing
February 2019

Citation analysis of the most influential articles on traumatic spinal cord injury.

J Spinal Cord Med 2019 Feb 14:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , University of Pittsburgh Medical Center , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , USA.

Objective: We conducted a citation analysis in order to catalog and pay tribute to the 100 most influential clinical research articles in traumatic spinal cord injury.

Design: The Thomson Reuters Web of Science was searched in a two-step process without time period limitations. Review articles were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2019.1576426DOI Listing
February 2019

Systematic reviews as a "lens of evidence": determinants of benefits and harms of breast cancer screening.

Int J Cancer 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Section of Early Detection and Prevention, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372, Lyon, France.

This systematic review, stimulated by inconsistency in secondary evidence, reports the benefits and harms of breast cancer (BC) screening and their determinants according to systematic reviews. A systematic search, which identified 9,976 abstracts, led to the inclusion of 58 reviews. BC mortality reduction with screening mammography was 15-25% in trials and 28-56% in observational studies in all age groups, and the risk of stage III+ cancers was reduced for women older than 49 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32211DOI Listing
February 2019

[Promotion and support of successful training as a urologist by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie].

Urologe A 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie, Düsseldorf und Berlin, Deutschland.

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie (DGU) has set itself the task of supporting medical assistants on their way to becoming specialists in urology. At the same time, urological junior researchers have been given the opportunity to become part of the urological community at an early stage through the so-called junior membership of the DGU. The working group "Young Urologists" of the DGU addresses in particular topics such as the development of concepts for the promotion of young talent, improvement of further education, models for better compatibility of leisure/family and work as well as the compatibility of clinical and scientific work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00120-018-0846-5DOI Listing
February 2019

A systematic review of methods for determining cross-sectional active medications using pharmacy databases.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose: Pharmacy dispensing databases are often used to identify patients' medications at a particular time point, for example to measure prescribing quality or the impact of medication use on clinical outcomes. We performed a systematic review of studies that examined methods to assess medications in use at a specific point in time.

Methods: Comprehensive literature search to identify studies that compared active medications identified using pharmacy databases to medications identified using nonautomated data sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pds.4706DOI Listing
February 2019

Transformative learning as pedagogy for the health professions: a scoping review.

Med Educ 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

Context: Transformative learning (TL) has been described as learning that challenges established perspectives, leading to new ways of being in the world. As a learning theory it has resonated with educators globally, including those in the health professions. Described as a complex metatheory, TL has evolved over time, eliciting divergent interpretations of the construct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13804DOI Listing
February 2019
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Review article: iron disturbances in chronic liver diseases other than haemochromatosis - pathogenic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications.

Authors:
Albert J Czaja

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: Disturbances in iron regulation have been described in diverse chronic liver diseases other than hereditary haemochromatosis, and iron toxicity may worsen liver injury and outcome.

Aims: To describe manifestations and consequences of iron dysregulation in chronic liver diseases apart from hereditary haemochromatosis and to encourage investigations that clarify pathogenic mechanisms, define risk thresholds for iron toxicity, and direct management METHODS: English abstracts were identified in PubMed by multiple search terms. Full length articles were selected for review, and secondary and tertiary bibliographies were developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apt.15173DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction to: 33rd Annual Meeting & Pre-Conference Programs of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC 2018).

Authors:
Sneha Berry Nicolas Giraldo Peter Nguyen Benjamin Green Haiying Xu Aleksandra Ogurtsova Abha Soni Farah Succaria Daphne Wang Charles Roberts Julie Stein Elizabeth Engle Drew Pardoll Robert Anders Tricia Cottrell Janis M Taube Ben Tran Mark Voskoboynik James Kuo Yung-Lue Bang Hyun-Cheo Chung Myung-Ju Ahn Sang-We Kim Ayesh Perera Daniel Freeman Ikbel Achour Raffaella Faggioni Feng Xiao Charles Ferte Charlotte Lemech Funda Meric-Bernstam Theresa Werner Stephen Hodi Wells Messersmith Nancy Lewis Craig Talluto Mirek Dostalek Aiyang Tao Sarah McWhirter Damian Trujillo Jason Luke Chunxiao Xu BoMarelli Jin Qi Guozhong Qin Huakui Yu Molly Jenkins Kin-Ming Lo Joern-Peter Halle Yan Lan Matthew Taylor Nicholas Vogelzang Allen Cohn Daniel Stepan Robert Shumaker Corina Dutcus Matthew Guo Emmett Schmidt Drew Rasco Marcia Brose Nicholas Vogelzang Christopher Di Simone Sharad Jain Donald Richards Carlos Encarnacion Drew Rasco Robert Shumaker Corina Dutcus Daniel Stepan Matthew Guo Emmett Schmidt Matthew Taylor Nicholas Vogelzang Carlos Encarnacion Allen Cohn Christopher Di Simone Drew Rasco Donald Richards Matthew Taylor Corina Dutcus Daniel Stepan Robert Shumaker Matthew Guo Emmett Schmidt James Mier Jeongshin An Yeun-Yeoul Yang Won-Hee Lee Jinho Yang Jong-Kyu Kim Hyun Goo Kim Se Hyun Paek Jun Woo Lee Joohyun Woo Jong Bin Kim Hyungju Kwon Woosung Lim Nam Sun Paik Yoon-Keun Kim Byung-In Moon Filip Janku David Tan Juan Martin-Liberal Shunji Takahashi Ravit Geva Ayca Gucalp Xueying Chen Kulandayan Subramanian Jennifer Mataraza Jennifer Wheler Philippe Bedard

J Immunother Cancer 2019 Feb 13;7(1):46. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada.

After publication of this supplement [1, 2], it was brought to our attention that due to an error authors were missing in the following abstracts. This has now been included in this correction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40425-019-0519-yDOI Listing
February 2019

High-throughput, non-invasive prenatal testing for fetal rhesus D status in RhD-negative women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Med 2019 Feb 14;17(1):37. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK.

Background: High-throughput non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetal Rhesus D (RhD) status could avoid unnecessary treatment with anti-D immunoglobulin for RhD-negative women found to be carrying an RhD-negative fetus. We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of high-throughput NIPT for fetal RhD status in RhD-negative women not known to be sensitized to the RhD antigen, by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: Prospective cohort studies of high-throughput NIPT used to determine fetal RhD status were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1254-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Systematic review of clinical prediction models for survival after surgery for resectable pancreatic cancer.

Br J Surg 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Surgery, Cancer Centre Amsterdam, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: As more therapeutic options for pancreatic cancer are becoming available, there is a need to improve outcome prediction to support shared decision-making. A systematic evaluation of prediction models in resectable pancreatic cancer is lacking.

Methods: This systematic review followed the CHARMS and PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11111DOI Listing
February 2019

Relapse prevention interventions for smoking cessation.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Feb 13;2:CD003999. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: A number of treatments can help smokers make a successful quit attempt, but many initially successful quitters relapse over time. Several interventions have been proposed to help prevent relapse.

Objectives: To assess whether specific interventions for relapse prevention reduce the proportion of recent quitters who return to smoking. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/14651858.CD003999.pub5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003999.pub5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372978PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Three-dimensional printing models on reproductive surgery and human reproduction: systematic review and critical applications.

Minerva Ginecol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Baby Center, Center for Reproductive Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil -

Background: 3D printing has wide application in medicine while it provides customizability and precision for anatomical model development. Our aims were to perform a systematic review and to explore the use of 3D printing applications on human reproduction and reproductive surgery.

Methods: We have performed a systematic review in PubMed database to assess previous publications within 3D printing in human reproduction and gynecology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4784.19.04319-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of the Use of Vonoprazan and Proton Pump Inhibitors for the Treatment of Peptic Ulcers Resulting from Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Feb 13;25:1169-1176. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Currently, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the first-line treatment for ulcers resulting from endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Vonoprazan is a new oral potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerance of vonoprazan with PPIs in the treatment of peptic ulcers resulting from ESD. Read More

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https://www.medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/911886
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.911886DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Emotion regulation and burnout in doctors: a systematic review.

Occup Med (Lond) 2019 Feb;69(1):9-21

Guy's and St. Thomas' Occupational Health Service, Lambeth, London.

Background: Burnout is a pervasive health condition affecting many doctors at various stages in their careers. Characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment it can result in significant personal and professional consequences putting patient care at risk. Emotion regulation describes a capacity to self-modulate emotions to achieve desirable emotional outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz004DOI Listing
February 2019

Interventions to Prevent Perinatal Depression: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.

JAMA 2019 02;321(6):588-601

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine.

Importance: Depression during pregnancy and the postpartum period is relatively common and can have adverse effects on both mother and child.

Objective: To systematically review benefits and harms of primary care-relevant interventions to prevent perinatal depression, a major or minor depressive episode during pregnancy or up to 1 year after childbirth, to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force.

Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMED (for publisher-supplied records only), PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; surveillance through December 5, 2018. Read More

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http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jama.20
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.20865DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Efficacy and Effectiveness of Mobile Health Technologies for Facilitating Physical Activity in Adolescents: Scoping Review.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 Feb 12;7(2):e11847. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Center for Health Outcomes and Informatics Research, Health Sciences Division, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, United States.

Background: Increasing physical activity (PA) levels in adolescents aged 12 to 18 years is associated with prevention of unhealthy weight gain and improvement in cardiovascular fitness. The widespread availability of mobile health (mHealth) and wearable devices offers self-monitoring and motivational features for increasing PA levels and improving adherence to exercise programs.

Objective: The aim of this scoping review was to identify the efficacy or effectiveness of mHealth intervention strategies for facilitating PA among adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11847DOI Listing
February 2019

Annual trends in prevalence and incidence of autism spectrum disorders in Manitoba preschoolers and toddlers: 2004-2015.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

College of Pharmacy, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 750 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0T5, Canada.

Objectives: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are among the leading causes of disabilities in children. We examined the annual prevalence and incidence rate of ASD between 2004 and 2015 in children aged 1 to 5 years residing in Manitoba.

Methods: A population-based study was conducted using the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00181-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Iodine fortification of foods and condiments, other than salt, for preventing iodine deficiency disorders.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Feb 12;2:CD010734. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Office of the Chief Scientist, The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) affect close to 1.9 billion people worldwide, and are a major public health concern in many countries. Among children, iodine deficiency is the main cause of potentially preventable deficits of central nervous system development and impairment of cognitive function, as well as goitre and hypothyroidism in people of all ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010734.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370918PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Sex determination in forensic identification, a review.

J Forensic Dent Sci 2018 May-Aug;10(2):61-66

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Dental College, Solapur, Maharashtra, India.

Forensic odontology is the application of dental principles to legal issues. It is an investigative aspect of dentistry that analyzes dental evidence for human identification. Sex determination is a subdivision of forensic odontology, and it is important especially when information relating to the deceased is unavailable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfo.jfds_55_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344795PMC
February 2019

Use of modified intention-to-treat analysis in studies of direct oral anticoagulants and risk of selection bias: a systematic review.

BMJ Evid Based Med 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Background: Following their evaluation in randomised controlled trials (RCTs), direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have replaced warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), and treatment and prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE). To avoid selection bias, it is recommended that RCTs use an intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis strategy.

Objective: The objective of this study was to systematically review and compare reported analytical strategies, the proportion of randomised patients included in analyses and the reasons for participant exclusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjebm-2018-111057DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence and comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Spain: study protocol for extending a systematic review with updated meta-analysis of observational studies.

Syst Rev 2019 Feb 11;8(1):49. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, University of Valencia/INCLIVA Health Research Institute and CIBERSAM, Valencia, Spain.

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of symptoms of developmentally inappropriate and impaired inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity, with difficulties often continuing into adulthood. ADHD can come with other comorbid conditions. The aim of this study will be to quantify the prevalence and comorbidity of ADHD among children, adolescent, and adult population in Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-0967-yDOI Listing
February 2019
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Re: SAEM Annual Meeting Abstracts.

Authors:

Acad Emerg Med 2019 Feb 20;26(2):273. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acem.13653
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acem.13653DOI Listing
February 2019
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What Is New in Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Gynecologic Surgery?: Best Articles From the Past Year.

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Dr. Guntupalli is from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado; email:

This month we will review the latest data on prevention of incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. Dr. Guntupalli discusses four recent publications, which are concluded with a "bottom-line" that is the take-home message. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003143DOI Listing
February 2019
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Letrozole Compared With Clomiphene Citrate for Unexplained Infertility: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, the Department of Library Sciences, and the Department of Surgery, Public Health Sciences Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri; and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Objective: To estimate the clinical effectiveness, as determined by positive pregnancy test, of letrozole compared with clomiphene citrate for ovarian stimulation in patients with unexplained infertility.

Data Sources: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of data from electronic databases including Ovid-MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, and ClinicalTrials.gov. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003105DOI Listing
February 2019
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Urban-rural differences in the association between blood lipids and characteristics of the built environment: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Glob Health 2019 24;4(1):e001017. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: The built environment defines opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity and may thus be related to blood lipids. The aim of this study is to systematically analyse the scientific evidence on associations between built-environment characteristics and blood lipid levels in adults.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science were searched for peer-reviewed papers on population-based studies up to 9 October 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347938PMC
January 2019

Pharmacokinetics and Safety of the Integrase Inhibitors Elvitegravir and Dolutegravir in Pregnant Women With HIV.

Ann Pharmacother 2019 Feb 10:1060028019830788. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

3 University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Objective: To synthesize data on the pharmacokinetics and safety of dolutegravir and elvitegravir in pregnant women living with HIV.

Data Sources: A PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar literature search (January 2010 to December 2018) was performed using the search terms dolutegravir, elvitegravir, women, pregnant*, and HIV. Additional reports were identified from conference abstracts and review of reference lists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1060028019830788DOI Listing
February 2019

A copper(II)/cobalt(II) organic gel with enhanced peroxidase-like activity for fluorometric determination of hydrogen peroxide and glucose.

Mikrochim Acta 2019 02 9;186(3):168. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Key Laboratory of Luminescent and Real-Time Analytical Chemistry, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, People's Republic of China.

A bimetallic organic gel was prepared by mixing the bridging ligand 2,4,6-tri(4-carboxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine with Cu(II) and Co(II) ions at room temperature. The resulting metal-organic gel (MOG) shows enhanced peroxidase-like activity, most likely due to the synergetic redox cycling between Co(III)/Co(II) and Cu(II)/Cu(I) pairs. These accelerate interfacial electron transfer and generation of hydroxy radicals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-019-3290-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Reporting trends of p values in the neurosurgical literature.

J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

2Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide.

OBJECTIVEThe objective of this study was to evaluate the trends in reporting of p values in the neurosurgical literature from 1990 through 2017.METHODSAll abstracts from the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry (JNNP), Journal of Neurosurgery (JNS) collection (including Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine and Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics), Neurosurgery (NS), and Journal of Neurotrauma (JNT) available on PubMed from 1990 through 2017 were retrieved. Automated text mining was performed to extract p values from relevant abstracts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS172897DOI Listing
February 2019
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