51,849 results match your criteria Abstracts are Not Accepted [Journal]


Factors affecting aerobic granule sludge formation in leachate treatment - a systematic review.

Rev Environ Health 2020 Jul 14. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Department of Environmental health engineering, Hamadan University of medical sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

The biological treatment of landfill leachate due to high concentration of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), ammonia, and other toxic compounds is so difficult. One of the leachate treatment technology is the sludge biogranulation, that containing the two aerobic and anaerobic process. The aim of this study was conducted for determining the main factors affecting aerobic granule sludge formation in leachate treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2020-0019DOI Listing

Artificial Intelligence for Caregivers of Persons with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias: A Systematic Literature Review.

JMIR Med Inform 2020 Jun 21. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Neurology, The University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical School, Austin, US.

Background: Artificial intelligence (AI) has great potential for improving the care of persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) and the quality of life of their family caregivers. To date, however, systematic review of the literature on the impact of AI on ADRD management has been lacking.

Objective: To (1) identify and examine literature on AI that provides information to facilitate ADRD management by caregivers of individuals diagnosed with ADRD and (2) identify gaps in the literature that suggest future directions for research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/18189DOI Listing

Prediction models and questionnaires developed to predict vitamin D status in adults: a systematic review.

Osteoporos Int 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Level 3, Department of Medicine-Western Health, The University of Melbourne, 176 Furlong Road, St Albans, VIC, 3021, Australia.

A systematic review of prediction models/questionnaires developed to identify people with deficient/insufficient vitamin D status shows the potential of self-reported information to estimate vitamin D status. The objective is to identify and compare existing screening tools, developed to identify vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency in adults. A systematic search of literature was conducted using MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-020-05539-1DOI Listing

Understanding Barriers to and Facilitators of Case Management in Primary Care: A Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis.

Ann Fam Med 2020 Jul;18(4):355-363

Department of Family Medicine, Univer-sité de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada

Purpose: Despite evidence on the benefits of case management for the care of patients with complex needs in primary care, implementing the program-necessary to achieve its benefits-has been challenging worldwide. Evidence on factors affecting implementation remains disparate. Accordingly, the objective of this systematic review was to identify barriers to and facilitators of case management, from the perspectives of health care professionals, in primary care settings around the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1370/afm.2555DOI Listing

Neonatal and Maternal Outcomes of Lower Versus Standard Doses of Antenatal Corticosteroids for Women at Risk of Preterm Delivery: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2020 Mar 26. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON; Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON; Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. Electronic address:

Objective: Our objective was to systematically review randomized and quasi-randomized trials on the neonatal and maternal effects of lower doses of antenatal corticosteroids (<24 mg of betamethasone or dexamethasone) compared with standard double doses of antenatal corticosteroids (24 mg of betamethasone or dexamethasone) administered to women at risk of preterm delivery.

Data Sources: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials.gov, the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and the Australia New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry were searched from inception to December 8, 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2020.02.127DOI Listing

Olfactory Training for Postviral Olfactory Dysfunction: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jul 14:194599820943550. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, Queensland, USA.

Objective: Olfactory dysfunction is a common problem that is most frequently attributed to upper respiratory infection. Postviral olfactory dysfunction (PVOD) can be prolonged and clinically challenging to treat. Olfactory training (OT) has demonstrated potential benefit for patients with nonspecific olfactory dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820943550DOI Listing

Incidence, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jul 9;17(14). Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia.

The current systematic review aimed to investigate the incidence, prevalence, and risk factors causing hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) after stroke. Two independent authors screened titles and abstracts for the eligibility of the included studies in the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science. Studies which reported the incidence, prevalence, and risk factors of HSP following stroke were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144962DOI Listing

Pedagogical practices that influence professional identity formation in baccalaureate nursing education: A scoping review.

Nurse Educ Today 2020 Jun 27;93:104516. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Office of the Vice-President & Provost, University of Toronto, 27 King's College Circle, Simcoe Hall, Suite 225, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: The purpose of this review was to identify pedagogical practices that contribute to professional identity formation in undergraduate nursing education and to map the components of professional identity described within these practices.

Design: A scoping review using a six-stage methodological framework was used to capture a range of evidence describing how professional identity has been conceptualized and integrated into nursing curriculum.

Data Sources: Databases searched included: Ovid MEDLINE: Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE® Daily and Ovid MEDLINE® 1946-Present, EBSCO CINAHL (1981 to present), OVID PsycINFO (1806 to Present), ProQuest ERIC, ASSIA, and Sociological Abstracts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2020.104516DOI Listing

Preferences and experiences of Muslim patients and their families in Muslim-majority countries for end-of-life care: a systematic review and thematic analysis.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Cicely Saunders Institute, Kings College London, United Kingdom.

Background: Care for people with progressive illness should be person-centred and account for their cultural values and spiritual beliefs. There are an estimated 1.7 billion Muslims worldwide, largely living in low-and middle-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.032DOI Listing

Colchicine in Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review.

Ann Pharmacother 2020 Jul 13:1060028020942144. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Durham Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Durham, NC, USA.

The purpose of this review is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of colchicine after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). English-language searches were made of MEDLINE and EMBASE from database inception through mid-June 2020. Randomized trials characterizing the effects of colchicine in ACS were considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1060028020942144DOI Listing

Ibalizumab: The First Monoclonal Antibody for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infection.

Ann Pharmacother 2020 Jul 13:1060028020942218. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Auburn University Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn, AL, USA.

To review the efficacy and safety of ibalizumab (IBA) in the treatment of HIV-1 infection. A literature search was performed using PubMed and Google Scholar (2010 to mid-June 2020) with the search terms , and . Other resources included abstracts presented at recent conferences and the manufacturer's website and prescribing information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1060028020942218DOI Listing

A Systematic Mixed-Studies Review of Hope Experiences in Parents of Children With Cancer.

Cancer Nurs 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Author Affiliations: Phyllis Cantor Center for Research in Nursing and Patient Care at Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr I.J. Eche); Critical Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr I.M. Eche); C.O.R.E Healthcare Solutions, San Jose, California (Ms Pires); Neurosurgery Department, Boston Children's Hospital, Massachusetts (Mr Isibor); Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Ms Achibiri); College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston (Dr Aronowitz).

Background: Hope is negatively associated with parental psychosocial distress and psychological maladjustment as well as an important aspect of emotional well-being and coping for adults with cancer and their caregivers. Yet, little is known about hope experiences of parents of children with cancer.

Objective: The aim of this study was to comprehensively describe hope experiences in parents of children with cancer using a systematic mixed-studies review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000841DOI Listing

Phyllodes Tumor of the Breast during Pregnancy and Lactation; A Systematic Review.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):488-497. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

First Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Shimokato, Chuo, Yamanashi, Japan.

Background: Phyllodes tumor (PT) is a rare tumor of the breast, which may occur during pregnancy or lactation. Several studies have reviewed and discussed PT occurring in pregnancy, gathering up to 14 patients. We performed a thorough systematic review of the literature in an attempt to find all reported cases, and identify their common characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.46DOI Listing

Differentiating needs of informal caregivers of individuals with ALS across the caregiving course: a systematic review.

Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener 2020 Jul 13:1-23. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Institute for Biomedical Ethics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Informal caregivers of people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) experience a range of needs across the course of the disease. For the provision of adequate support, an examination of the empirical evidence is necessary.

Aim: The purpose of the systematic review was to synthesize evidence of needs of informal caregivers of people with ALS at different stages of caregiving. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21678421.2020.1771735DOI Listing

NNVAWI Abstracts.

Authors:

Glob Qual Nurs Res 2020 Jan-Dec;7:2333393620932494. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333393620932494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331758PMC

The Relationship of Tinnitus Distress With Personality Traits: A Systematic Review.

Front Neurol 2020 29;11:225. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.

An association between tinnitus distress with anxiety and depression is described in literature. A similar relationship might exist between tinnitus distress and personality traits, especially since associations between personality traits and other chronic diseases are already revealed. In this systematic review, we aim to investigate whether personality is a risk factor for tinnitus distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326028PMC

Accuracy of marginal adaptation of posterior fixed dental prosthesis made from digital impression technique: A systematic review.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2020 Apr-Jun;20(2):123-130. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sri Ramakrishna Dental College and Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Aim: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the marginal adaptation of three or four unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) fabricated with digital impression techniques to those fabricated using any other impression technique.

Settings And Design: Database/electronic searches were conducted till August 2019 in PUBMED-MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane library. To identify published articles, multiple keywords were used to develop a search strategy in various combinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jips.jips_382_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7335028PMC

Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer and the risk of bladder cancer: A systematic review of observational studies.

Urol Oncol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Centre for Clinical Epidemiology, Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Gerald Bronfman Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Recent interest has been geared towards the potential therapeutic and chemopreventive benefit of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for bladder cancer. As a result, several observational studies have investigated this potential association. Given the important side effects associated with ADT treatment, understanding the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the current evidence is warranted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2020.04.028DOI Listing

In This Issue: Graphical Abstracts.

Authors:

Allergy 2020 Jul;75(7):1537-1542

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13900DOI Listing

The effectiveness of trained volunteer delivered interventions in adults at risk of malnutrition: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Nutr 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, King's College London, London, SE1 9NH, UK.

Malnutrition burden is high. Trained volunteers present a growing workforce in the NHS and are increasingly engaged in schemes that may be useful in tackling malnutrition in different settings. A recent systematic review of trained volunteers in a hospital setting reported improved patient satisfaction and some improvement in dietary intake of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2020.06.008DOI Listing

Assessing the readiness of digital data infrastructure for opioid use disorder research.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2020 Jul 10;15(1):24. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 464 Congress Ave, Suite 260, New Haven, CT, 06519, USA.

Background: Gaps in electronic health record (EHR) data collection and the paucity of standardized clinical data elements (CDEs) captured from electronic and digital data sources have impeded research efforts aimed at understanding the epidemiology and quality of care for opioid use disorder (OUD). We identified existing CDEs and evaluated their validity and usability, which is required prior to infrastructure implementation within EHRs.

Methods: We conducted (a) a systematic literature review of publications in Medline, Embase and the Web of Science using a combination of at least one term related to OUD and EHR and (b) an environmental scan of publicly available data systems and dictionaries used in national informatics and quality measurement of policy initiatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-020-00198-3DOI Listing

Socioeconomic marginalization and opioid-related overdose: A systematic review.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 Jun 20;214:108127. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

BC Centre on Substance Use, 400-1045 Howe Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 2A9, Canada; University of British Columbia, Department of Sociology, 6303 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z1, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Socioeconomic marginalization (SEM) is an important but under-explored determinant of opioid overdose with important implications for health equity and associated public policy initiatives. This systematic review synthesizes evidence on the role of SEM in both fatal and non-fatal overdose among people who use opioids.

Methods: Studies published between January 1, 2000 and March 31, 2018 were identified through searching electronic databases, citations, and by contacting experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313902PMC

Increased Sessile Serrated Adenoma Detection Rate With Mechanical New Technology Devices: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Division of Gastroenterology, New York VA Harbor Healthcare, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY.

Goal: This meta-analysis aims to compare the sessile-serrated adenoma detection rate (SSADR) of currently available mechanical new technology devices (NTDs) to conventional colonoscopy (CC).

Background: NTDs including Endocuff, EndoRing, G-Eye, and AmplifEYE were developed with the aim of improving adenoma detection rate by enhancing colonic mucosal visualization. Increasing awareness of the risk of sessile-serrated adenoma progression to malignancy has ushered a need to increase the detection of these characteristically flat lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001363DOI Listing

Psychometric evaluation of instruments measuring the work environment of healthcare professionals in hospitals: a systematic literature review.

Int J Qual Health Care 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam.

Purpose: Research shows that the professional healthcare working environment influences the quality of care, safety climate, productivity, and motivation, happiness, and health of staff. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to assess instruments that provide valid, reliable and succinct measures of health care professionals' work environment in hospitals.

Data Sources: Embase, Medline Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL EBSCOhost and Google Scholar were systematically searched from inception through December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzaa072DOI Listing

2020 American Transplant Congress Abstracts.

Authors:

Am J Transplant 2020 Apr;20 Suppl 3:5-1166

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16169DOI Listing

NeoCORE Conference Abstracts.

Authors:

Indian J Pediatr 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-020-03376-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7343904PMC

Abstracts DEGRO 2020.

Authors:

Strahlenther Onkol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-020-01620-0DOI Listing

Do Exercises Prevent Falls Among Older Adults: Where Are We Now? A Systematic Review.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Human Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Human Biology, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To determine whether single interventions (SI), multifactorial interventions (MI), or multiple component interventions (MCI) including vitamin D supplementation prevent the incidence of falls and fall risk factors among older adults who are community-dwelling or living in long-term care facilities.

Design: Systematic review.

Methods: PubMed, Scopus, MEDLINE, and Cochrane were searched with restrictions applied to publication year (2015‒2019) and language (limited to studies published in English). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2020.05.010DOI Listing

Association Between Arthrogryposis and Mortality in Infants With Congenital Zika Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Pediatr Neurol 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Centre for Epidemiology and Public Health, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil.

Background: Intrauterine Zika virus infection is associated with neurological disorders and other problems such as impaired visual and hearing function, and orthopedic abnormalities, including arthrogryposis. We systematically investigated the prevalence of arthrogryposis in infants with congenital Zika syndrome and respective risk of mortality.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of reports published in PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and World Health Organization Global Index Medicus databases, using the keywords Zika virus and arthrogryposis and related terms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2020.05.007DOI Listing

THE EFFECT OF CALCIUM CHANNEL Blockers ON moderate or severe ALBUMINURIA IN DIABETIC, HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized, Controlled Trials.

Am J Med 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Mount Sinai Heart, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA; Cardiology/Hypertension Research Program, James J. Peters V. A. Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system are recommended for the management of albuminuria in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus, but there is little consensus about alternative therapies. Calcium channel blockers are recommended for the management of hypertension, but the data are controversial regarding their role in patients with albuminuria. This review was designed to assess the efficacy of calcium channel blockers compared to inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system in decreasing albuminuria in diabetic, hypertensive patients with nephropathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2020.05.039DOI Listing

Management of Nonunion and Malunion After Primary Mandibular Condylar Fracture Treatment: A Review and Recommendations.

Authors:
A Kumaran H L Soh

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Medical Officer, Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Purpose: After primary treatment of mandibular condylar fractures, nonunion and malunion can result in considerable malocclusion and temporomandibular joint dysfunction owing to the integral role the condylar head plays in the temporomandibular joint. At present, the choice and timing of treatment are highly heterogeneous. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current literature to identify possible pitfalls, discuss available treatment options, and make recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2020.05.043DOI Listing

Systematic Review: Histological Scoring of Strictures in Crohn's Disease.

J Crohns Colitis 2020 Jul;14(6):734-742

Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background And Aims: In Crohn's disease, many patients develop a stricture, which can due to inflammation, fibrosis and muscular changes or all at the same time. Determining the predominant component has therapeutic consequences but remains challenging. To develop imaging techniques that assess the nature of a stricture, a gold standard is needed and histopathology is considered as such. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjz177DOI Listing

Brucellosis in food-producing animals in Mosul, Iraq: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Authors:
Mohammad O Dahl

PLoS One 2020 9;15(7):e0235862. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Internal and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq.

Brucellosis is an endemic disease in food-producing animals in Mosul, Iraq. The objectives of the study reported here were: (i) to identify and assess the evidence and knowledge gaps in published studies that have examined brucellosis in different food-producing animals in Mosul, Iraq; using systematic review approach, and (ii) to quantify the seroprevalence of brucellosis in the city using meta-analysis approach. Google Scholar was used as a search engine to track pertinent peer-reviewed research reports. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235862PLOS

Dual anti-thrombotic treatment with direct anticoagulants improves clinical outcomes in patients with Atrial Fibrillation with ACS or undergoing PCI. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(7):e0235511. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, "Magna Graecia" University, Catanzaro, Italy.

Background: There is recent new evidence regarding the combined use of direct oral antiocoagulants and antiplatelet agents in patients with Atrial Fibrillation undergoing PCI.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of dual antithrombotic treatment (DAT) including a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) and an antiplatelet agent versus triple antithrombotic treatment (TAT) with a vitamin K antagonist (VKA).

Data Sources: PubMed, SCOPUS and Google Scholar from through 09/09/2019; references of eligible studies; relevant scientific sessions abstracts and cardiology websites. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235511PLOS

The safety and effectiveness of on-site paramedic and allied health treatment interventions targeting the reduction of emergency department visits by long-term care patients: systematic review.

Prehosp Emerg Care 2020 Jul 9:1-18. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario;

IntroductionPrograms that seek to avoid emergency department (ED) visits from patients residing in long-term care facilities are increasing. We sought to identify existing programs where allied healthcare personnel are the primary providers of the intervention and, to evaluate their effectiveness and safety.MethodsWe systematically searched Medline, CINAHL and EMBASE with terms relating to long-term care, emergency services, hospitalization and allied health personnel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2020.1794084DOI Listing

Efficacy of preoperative antibiotics in prevention of dental implant failure: a Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Dentistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Background: Dental implants are commonly used for replacement of missing teeth. Despite the published data highlighting the high success rate of dental implants, failures do occur. Some of these failures are believed to be a result of bacterial contamination at the site of implant insertion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10006-020-00872-5DOI Listing

[What is necessary to make neurology a basic specialty?: Changing medical specialty system in Japan and the mission of a basic specialty].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo.

The Japanese Society of Neurology decided to aim to convert neurology, which is currently a subspecialty of internal medicine, to a basic specialty in the Japanese medical specialty system at the special general meeting of corporate members in January 2018. Because the details of new specialty system in Japan remain unstable, the committee to promote achievement of neurology as a basic specialty planned to hold a special symposium regarding the specialty system at the 60th annual meeting of the Japanese Society of Neurology in May 2019. This article compiles the abstracts of speakers in this symposium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.60.cn-001476DOI Listing

Are we advancing universal health coverage through cataract services? Protocol for a scoping review.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 8;10(7):e039458. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Universal health coverage (UHC) includes the dimensions of equity in access, quality services that improve health and protection against financial hardship. Cataract continues to be the leading cause of blindness globally, despite cataract surgery being an efficacious intervention. The aim of this scoping review is to map the nature, extent and global distribution of data on cataract services for UHC in terms of equity, access, quality and financial protection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039458DOI Listing
July 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Provision of medical assistance in dying: a scoping review.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 8;10(7):e036054. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to map the characteristics of the existing medical literature describing the medications, settings, participants and outcomes of medical assistance in dying (MAID) in order to identify knowledge gaps and areas for future research.

Design: Scoping review.

Search Strategy: We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL and CENTRAL), clinical trial registries, conference abstracts and professional guidelines from jurisdictions where MAID is legal, up to February 2020. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036054DOI Listing

Inclusion of surgical antibiotic regimens in pediatric urology publications: A systematic review.

J Pediatr Urol 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

UNC Department of Urology, North Carolina Children's Hospital, United States.

Background: Perioperative antibiotics prevent infections after surgery. Guidelines for antibiotic use allow the surgeon to balance the risks of adverse events and drug resistance with the benefit of reduced infection rates. However, due to a lack of evidence-based guidelines within pediatric urology, antibiotic practices vary widely. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2020.05.148DOI Listing

Identification, collection, and reporting of harms among non-industry-sponsored randomized clinical trials of pharmacologic interventions in the critically ill population: a systematic review.

Crit Care 2020 Jul 8;24(1):398. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Critical Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Prescribing pharmacologic therapies for critically ill patients requires a careful balancing of risks and benefits. Defining, monitoring, and reporting harms that occur in clinical trials conducted in critically ill populations, however, is challenging given that the natural history of most critical illnesses includes progressive multiple organ failure and death. In this study, we assessed harms reporting in clinical trials performed in critically ill populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-020-03113-zDOI Listing

Meta-analysis examining overall survival in patients with pancreatic cancer treated with second-line 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin-based therapy after failing first-line gemcitabine-containing therapy: effect of performance status and comparison with other regimens.

BMC Cancer 2020 Jul 8;20(1):633. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Pancreatic cancer has a poor prognosis and few choices of therapy. For patients with adequate performance status, FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel are preferred first-line treatment. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)-based therapy (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07110-xDOI Listing

A systematic review of occupational radiation individual dose monitoring among healthcare workers exposed in Africa.

J Radiol Prot 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

CESP - Unit 1018 INSERM, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Espace Maurice Tubiana, 39 rue Camile Desmoulins, 94805 Vilejuif Cedex, Villejuif, FRANCE.

Dosimetric monitoring is useful to requested limit exposures to ionizing radiation in medical occupational settings, and reduce subsequent health risks. Scientific literatures, such as UNSCEAR report, 2017 and International Atomic Energy Agency Report, 2014, updated informations on this subject, whereas, such a few African works were found. That's the reasons why we undertake this study, which consists in summarizing existing informations on monitoring external radiation exposure doses for whole body, from medical workers on this continent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6498/aba402DOI Listing

The Effect of Botulinum Toxin A on Patients with Persistent Idiopathic Dentoalveolar pain - A Systematic Review.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Division of Oral Diagnostics and Rehabilitation, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neuroscience (SCON), Huddinge, Sweden.

Background: It has been suggested that botulinum toxin A (BONT-A) is a safe and effective treatment in relieving pain in patients with persistent idiopathic dentoalveolar pain (PIDP).

Objectives: This study aimed to systematically evaluate all the available studies investigating the pain-relieving effects of BONT-A in patients with PIDP.

Methods: A systematic search with specific search terms was made in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.13053DOI Listing

Treatment Outcomes of Implant-Supported Maxillary Obturator Prostheses in Patients with Maxillary Defects: A Systematic Review.

Int J Prosthodont 2020 Jul/Aug;33(4):429-440

Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on clinical and patient-reported outcomes of implant-supported palatal obturator prostheses.

Materials And Methods: An electronic search of the PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases was carried out in June 2019. The titles and abstracts of all articles were screened by two independent reviewers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11607/ijp.6642DOI Listing

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Metolazone Compared to Chlorothiazide for Treatment of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure.

Pharmacotherapy 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacotherapy, Fort Worth, TX, United States, Fort Worth.

Introduction: Treatment of volume overload in the setting of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is typically achieved through the use of loop diurectics. While they are highly effective, some patients may develop loop diuretic resistance. One strategy to overcome this scenario includes sequential nephron blockade with a thiazide-type diuretic, however it is unknown which thiazide-type diuretic used in this setting is most effective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/phar.2440DOI Listing

Erratum: Abstracts Missing From the March 2020 Issue.

Authors:

Clin J Sport Med 2020 Jul;30(4):420-421

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000873DOI Listing

Ruffling drives coproheme decarboxylation by facilitating PCET: a theoretical investigation of ChdC.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Key Laboratory of Theoretical and Computational Photochemistry, College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.

Coproheme decarboxylase (ChdC) is an essential enzyme in the coproporphyrin-dependent heme synthesis pathway, which catalyzes oxidative decarboxylation of coproheme at the positions p2 and p4 to generate heme b under the action of hydrogen peroxide. A mysterious characteristic of catalytic mechanism of ChdC is that both of the two decarboxylation sites are located remotely from the iron center of coproheme, which binds with hydrogen peroxide. By using density functional theory calculations, we have studied the coproheme decarboxylation mechanism of ChdC in detail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0cp02690eDOI Listing