47,298 results match your criteria Abstracts Published on CD-ROM[Journal]


Comparable investigation of polyaniline behavior towards gaseous ammonia and toluene adsorption.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Chemical and Petrochemicals Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, New Borg El-Arab Alexandria, Egypt.

With raising awareness of gaseous air pollutants and their harmful impact, adsorption is considered one of the most prominent techniques for gaseous emissions control. The usage of polyaniline as a gas adsorbent is an innovative idea. This work aims to compare the efficacy of synthesized polyaniline nanotubes (PANT) as a novel adsorbent towards inorganic gases (ammonia NH) and volatile organic compounds (toluene vapor). Read More

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December 2018

Global mapping for the epidemiology of paediatric spinal cord damage: towards a living data repository.

Spinal Cord 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Kids Rehab, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, NSW, Australia.

Study Design: Literature review.

Objectives: Globally map key paediatric spinal cord damage epidemiological measures and provide a framework for an ongoing repository of data.

Setting: Worldwide, initiative of ISCoS Prevention Committee. Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy: a protocol for an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e025761. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Introduction: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological therapy that has been used to improve patient well-being across multiple mental and physical health problems. Its effectiveness has been examined in thousands of randomised control trials that have been synthesised into hundreds of systematic reviews. The aim of this overview is to map, synthesise and assess the reliability of evidence generated from these systematic reviews of the effectiveness of CBT across all health conditions, patient groups and settings. Read More

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December 2018

Comprehensive scoping review of health research using social media data.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022931. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Usher Institute for Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Introduction: The rising popularity of social media, since their inception around 20 years ago, has been echoed in the growth of health-related research using data derived from them. This has created a demand for literature reviews to synthesise this emerging evidence base and inform future activities. Existing reviews tend to be narrow in scope, with limited consideration of the different types of data, analytical methods and ethical issues involved. Read More

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December 2018

Point-of-care ultrasonography for diagnosing thoracoabdominal injuries in patients with blunt trauma.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 12;12:CD012669. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 12683.

Background: Point-of-care sonography (POCS) has emerged as the screening modality of choice for suspected body trauma in many emergency departments worldwide. Its best known application is FAST (focused abdominal sonography for trauma). The technology is almost ubiquitously available, can be performed during resuscitation, and does not expose patients or staff to radiation. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence of promoting prevention and the early detection of breast cancer among women, a hospital-based education and screening interventions in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol.

Syst Rev 2018 Dec 14;7(1):234. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Discipline of Nursing, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 4001, South Africa.

Background: Given the increasing burden of breast cancer in the low- and middle-income countries, cost-effective approaches are needed to improve the early detection of breast cancer in these continents. Global policies and guidelines are now placing much emphasis on promoting early detection of breast cancer through integrated education and screening interventions. The proposed systematic review aims to map evidence on hospital-based breast cancer education, breast self-examination, and clinical breast examination services for women in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

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December 2018

A Review of Treatments for Young Black Males Experiencing Depression.

Res Soc Work Pract 2018 Mar 7;28(3):320-329. Epub 2017 May 7.

George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.

The objective was to qualitatively examine the treatment effects of depression interventions on young, Black males (YBM) across treatment providers and settings via a review. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) seeking to ameliorate depressive symptomology in Black males ages 12-29 were eligible for inclusion. After review of 627 abstracts and 212 full-text articles, 12 studies were selected. Read More

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Expanding vocabularies for complementary and alternative medicine therapies.

Int J Med Inform 2019 Jan 22;121:64-74. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.

Objective: There is a significant consumer demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies as possible alternatives to drugs in the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases. Expanding controlled vocabularies to include CAM treatment relations could help meet those needs by facilitating information retrieval from the published literature. The purpose of this study is to design and evaluate two methods to semi-automatically extract CAM treatment-related semantic predications (subject-predicate-object triplets) from the biomedical literature using the Semantic Medline database (SemMedDB). Read More

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January 2019

Fascia iliaca compartment block versus intravenous analgesic for positioning of femur fracture patients before a spinal block: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13502

Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine.

Background: Fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) provides an analgesic option for positioning before spinal anesthesia in patients suffering from a femur fracture. The evidence supporting FICB is still not well established. The aim of our study is to assess the efficacy and safety of FICB comparing with intravenous analgesic (IVA) on the quality for positioning before spinal anesthesia in participants with a femur fracture. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparative efficacy and safety of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in men with premature ejaculation: A systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13342

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University.

Background: We performed the network meta-analysis (NMA) and systematic review involved all evidence from relevant trials to compare the efficiency and safety of various types of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) in patients with premature ejaculation (PE).

Methods: We conducted comprehensive searches of peer-reviewed and grey literature. PubMed, the Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase were searched for randomized controlled trials published up to June 1, 2017. Read More

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December 2018
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A systematic review of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy in childhood.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Nov 1:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEDrug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) presents a therapeutic challenge in children, necessitating the consideration of multiple treatment options. Although deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been studied in adults with DRE, little evidence is available to guide clinicians regarding the application of this potentially valuable tool in children. Here, the authors present the first systematic review aimed at understanding the safety and efficacy of DBS for DRE in pediatric populations, emphasizing patient selection, device placement and programming, and seizure outcomes. Read More

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November 2018

Racial-Ethnic Differences in Osteoarthritis Pain and Disability: A Meta-Analysis.

J Pain 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Pain Research and Intervention Center of Excellence, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Osteoarthritis (OA), a leading cause of disability and pain, affects 32.5 million Americans, producing tremendous economic burden. While some findings suggest that racial/ethnic minorities experience increased OA pain severity, other studies have shown conflicting results. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of Periodontal Therapy on Serum Levels of IL-6 in Type 2 Diabetics: A Systematic Review.

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2019 Jan/Feb;39(1):e1-e10

The objective of this systematic review was to search for scientific evidence regarding the impact of periodontal therapy on serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in type 2 diabetics. A survey was conducted in five databases. Two researchers read titles and abstracts for initial selection and full text for inclusion. Read More

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December 2018

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and/or colour duplex ultrasound for surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a systematic review and economic evaluation.

Health Technol Assess 2018 Dec;22(72):1-220

Regional Vascular Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is less invasive than open surgery, but may be associated with important complications. Patients receiving EVAR require long-term surveillance to detect abnormalities and direct treatments. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been the most common imaging modality adopted for EVAR surveillance, but it is associated with repeated radiation exposure and the risk of contrast-related nephropathy. Read More

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December 2018

BIOMEMBRANES 2018 : International Conference 1-5 October 2018 Book of Abstracts.

Authors:

J Bioenerg Biomembr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

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December 2018

Early life adiposity and telomere length across the life course: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Wellcome Open Res 2017 18;2:118. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

: The relationship between adiposity at birth and in childhood, and telomere length is yet to be determined. We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyse the results of studies assessing associations between neonatal and childhood adiposity, and telomere length. : We searched Medline, EMBASE and PubMed for studies reporting associations between adiposity measured in the neonatal period or childhood, and leucocyte telomere length, measured at any age via quantitative polymerase chain reaction, or terminal restriction fragment analysis, either cross-sectionally, or longitudinally. Read More

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December 2017

Theory-Based Digital Interventions to Improve Asthma Self-Management Outcomes: Systematic Review.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 12;20(12):e293. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

UCL School of Pharmacy, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Asthma is a chronic disease requiring effective self-management to control it and prevent mortality. The use of theory-informed digital interventions promoting asthma self-management is increasing. However, there is limited knowledge concerning how and to what extent psychological theory has been applied to the development of digital interventions, or how using theory impacts outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

[Visualization studies on research status of the ventilator-associated pneumonia based on SinoMed database].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2018 Nov;30(11):1029-1035

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Gansu Provincial People's Hospital, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China (Zhao J, Zhang LQ, Zhang DQ, Yuan Y); Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China (Zhao J, He TP, Gong D); Evidence-Based Medicine Center of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China (Tian JH). Corresponding author: Yuan Yuan, Email:

Objective: To survey the distribution pattern and subject domain knowledge of the literatures about ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).

Methods: Literatures about VAP published until December 2017 were identified in SinoMed database for statistics and analysis. The information of author, organization and province was extracted by BICOMS software for generating co-occurrence matrix, at the same time, the topic words were cluster analyzed by Gcluto software to generate topical visual surface maps and visualization matrices, and the current research hotspots were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

Abstracts.

Authors:

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec;42(12):2279

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December 2018

validation of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy: a review.

Neurophotonics 2018 Oct 27;5(4):040901. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

National University Hospital, Department of Neonatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

We summarize the available validation of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) oximetry to inform future validation strategies. In particular, to establish a way forward in the assessment of NIRS instrumentation for future randomized trials, a systematic literature search is performed. The records are screened and abstracts are assessed to select studies fulfilling our inclusion criteria. Read More

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October 2018

A Systematic Review of Medication Adherence Thresholds Dependent of Clinical Outcomes.

Front Pharmacol 2018 20;9:1290. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Pharmaceutical Care Research Group, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

In pharmacotherapy, the achievement of a target clinical outcome requires a certain level of medication intake or adherence. Based on Haynes's early empirical definition of sufficient adherence to antihypertensive medications as taking ≥80% of medication, many researchers used this threshold to distinguish adherent from non-adherent patients. However, we propose that different diseases, medications and patient's characteristics influence the cut-off point of the adherence rate above which the clinical outcome is satisfactory (thereafter medication adherence threshold). Read More

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November 2018

Identifying adherence barriers to oral endocrine therapy among breast cancer survivors.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departments of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy, University of Houston, College of Pharmacy, 4849 Calhoun Road, Houston, TX, 77204-5047, USA.

Purpose: Approximately 70-80% of breast cancers are hormone receptor-positive (HR+). OET, including tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors, is considered standard adjuvant therapy for HR+ breast cancer. Despite demonstrated benefits, nearly half of patients are non-adherent and over two-thirds discontinue therapy before the recommended 5 years. Read More

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December 2018

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of antenatal anxiety on postpartum outcomes.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and the University of Toronto, FG29 - 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada.

To systematically review and meta-analyze research investigating the association between maternal anxiety during pregnancy and outcomes for mother and baby following the immediate delivery period. MEDLINE, Medline In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane library were searched. English-language, prospective studies providing data on outcomes following delivery in women with and without antenatal anxiety (defined by clinical diagnosis or score on validated scale) were included. Read More

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December 2018

Milk feed osmolality and adverse events in newborn infants and animals: a systematic review.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Danone Nutricia Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: High feed osmolality (or osmolarity) is often suggested to be linked with adverse gastrointestinal events in preterm infants.

Aim: To systematically review the literature on milk feed osmolality and adverse gastrointestinal events in newborn and low birthweight infants and animals.

Methods: MEDLINE, Embase, CAB Abstracts, Current Contents, BIOSIS Previews and SciSearch were searched from inception to May 2018 to identify potentially relevant studies. Read More

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December 2018

Vaccination in England: a review of why business as usual is not enough to maintain coverage.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 6;18(1):1351. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H9SH, UK.

Background: The vaccine system in England underwent radical changes in 2013 following the implementation of the Health and Social Care Act. There have since been multi-year decreases in coverage of many vaccines. Healthcare professionals have reported finding the new system fragmented and challenging. Read More

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December 2018

Correction to: 12th European Headache Federation Congress jointly with 32nd National Congress of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches.

Authors:

J Headache Pain 2018 Dec 6;19(1):119. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

After publication of this supplement [1], it was brought to our attention that e-mail errors were apparent in the following abstracts. This has now been included in this correction. Read More

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December 2018

Asthma control in the quality of life levels of asthmatic patients' caregivers: a systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-regression.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Saúde da Criança, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG), Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To perform a systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-regression to correlate the total scores of asthma control with the increase in the total scores of health-related quality of life levels of parents of asthmatic children.

Sources: The search was carried out in the following databases: PubMed (MEDLINE); Embase and ScienceDirect (Elsevier); SciELO and LILACs (Bireme) in June 2017. The included studies assessed asthma control through the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Asthma Control Test (C-ACT/ACT), and Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) questionnaires, whereas the Pediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ) was applied to assess the HRQoL of parents and family members. Read More

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December 2018

Brazilian guidelines for the management of psychomotor agitation. Part 1. Non-pharmacological approach.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Comissão de Emergências Psiquiátricas, Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria (ABP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objective: To present the essential guidelines for non-pharmacological management of patients with psychomotor agitation in Brazil.

Methods: These guidelines were developed based on a systematic review of articles published from 1997 to 2017, retrieved from MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, and SciELO. Other relevant articles identified by searching the reference lists of included studies were also used to develop these guidelines. Read More

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December 2018

INGUINAL REPAIR VIA ROBOTIC ASSISTED TECHNIQUE: LITERATURE REVIEW.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1408. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Inguinal hernia is one of the most frequent surgical diseases. Currently, with the advantages of minimally invasive surgery, new questions arise: what will be the best approach for correction of inguinal hernia? Is there real benefit to the robotic approach?

Objective: To compile results of the published studies that used the robot-assisted technique in the repair of inguinal hernia, analyzing its limitations, complications and comparing it with those of the pre-existing techniques.

Method: The review was performed from the Medline database with the following descriptors: (inguinal hernia repair OR hernioplasty OR hernia) AND (robot OR robotic OR robotic assisted) being retrieved 391 articles. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Capecitabine monotherapy in advanced breast cancer resistant to anthracycline and taxane: A meta-analysis.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S957-S963

Department of Integrative Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China.

Background: Capecitabine monotherapy is usually used for advanced breast cancer (ABC) resistant to anthracycline and taxane, but there are still many other options too. Our meta-analysis assessed whether capecitabine monotherapy was superior or noninferior to the other regimens in ABC pretreated with anthracycline and taxane.

Materials And Methods: PubMed databases and abstracts from the proceedings of American Society of Clinical Oncology and San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium were searched for randomized controlled trials that compared capecitabine monotherapy with other regimens for ABC progression after anthracycline- and taxane-treatment. Read More

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December 2018

Optical coherence tomography imaging of melanoma skin cancer.

Lasers Med Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

No consensus guidelines exist on the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma. The objectives of this review are to provide a descriptive review of the literature on characteristics of cutaneous melanomas seen on high-definition OCT (HD-OCT), speckle variance OCT (SV-OCT), and conventional OCT and to compare their diagnostic ability with that of histopathology. A review of PubMed and Google Scholar identified all available literature on OCT in melanoma skin cancer that included all in vivo and ex vivo studies on human or human tissues and excluded all studies on non-human subjects or animal studies. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Comparative effectiveness of different chemotherapy regimens of advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma in adults: a network meta-analysis.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 22;10:6017-6028. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Oncology, Weifang Traditional Chinese Hospital, Weifang, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China,

Background: Combined chemotherapy is the cornerstone treatment for patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The objective of our study was to perform a network meta-analysis of the efficacy of different chemotherapy regimens in adults with advanced-stage HL.

Materials And Methods: We searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in titles/abstracts in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Read More

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November 2018
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Sexuality and intimacy in ALS: systematic literature review and future perspectives.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurology and Laboratory of Neuroscience, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan, Italy

Several features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) impact on sexuality and intimate relationship; however, the issue has received poor attention so far. We performed a systematic literature review in order to provide an up-to-date account of sexuality in ALS. References were identified by searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO (1970-2017, English literature). Read More

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December 2018

Distribution- and anchor-based methods to determine the minimally important difference on patient-reported outcome questionnaires in oncology: a structured review.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2018 Dec 11;16(1):228. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Methodology and Quality of Life in Oncology Unit (INSERM UMR 1098), University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Background: Interpretation of differences or changes in patient-reported outcome scores should not only consider statistical significance, but also clinical relevance. Accordingly, accurate determination of the minimally important difference (MID) is crucial to assess the effectiveness of health care interventions, as well as for sample size calculation. Several methods have been proposed to determine the MID. Read More

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December 2018
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How do macro-level structural determinants affect inequalities in mental health? - a systematic review of the literature.

Int J Equity Health 2018 12 6;17(1):180. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: In Europe and elsewhere there is rising concern about inequality in health and increased prevalence of mental ill-health. Structural determinants such as welfare state arrangements may impact on levels of mental health and social inequalities. This systematic review aims to assess the current evidence on whether structural determinants are associated with inequalities in mental health outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Abstracts.

Authors:

Wound Repair Regen 2018 Sep;26(5):A1-A3

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September 2018

Liberal versus conservative fluid therapy in adults and children with sepsis or septic shock.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 10;12:CD010593. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Intensive Care Unit, Second Affiliated Hospital Medical College, Zhejiang University, 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, China, 310009.

Background: Sepsis and septic shock are potentially life-threatening complications of infection that are associated with high morbidity and mortality in adults and children. Fluid therapy is regarded as a crucial intervention during initial treatment of sepsis. Whether conservative or liberal fluid therapy can improve clinical outcomes in patients with sepsis and septic shock remains unclear. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Biological links in periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis: Discovery via text-mining PubMed abstracts.

J Periodontal Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Sai Yin Pun, Hong Kong.

Background And Objective: Primary research concerning molecular pathways that link rheumatoid arthritis with periodontitis is limited. Biomedical literature data mining can offer insights into putative linkage mechanisms toward hypothesis development, based on information discovery. The aim of this study was to explore potential Periodontitis-Rheumatoid Arthritis biological links by analysing "overlapping" genes reported in biomedical abstracts. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Abstracts.

Authors:

Congenit Heart Dis 2018 Sep;13(5):811-876

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September 2018
1 Read

The effectiveness of mouthwashes in alleviating radiation-induced oral mucositis in head and neck cancer patients: a systematic review.

Oral Radiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Institute of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8553, Japan.

Objective: The aim of the study was to perform a systematic literature search and meta-analysis to reveal the most effective mouthwash for head and neck cancer patients who are experiencing radiation therapy-induced mucositis.

Methods: Using two electronic databases, a literature search and data interpretation were systematically performed as follows: (i) problem specification, (ii) devising of a literature search plan, (iii) literature search and retrieval of publications, and (iv) meta-analysis and data interpretation. The main problem was specified as follows: what mouthwash is effective in alleviating oral mucositis for head and neck cancer patients who are undergoing radiotherapy?

Results: The literature search yielded 354 titles and abstracts. Read More

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December 2018

[History, purposes and characteristics of medical journals].

Authors:
Humberto Reyes B

Rev Med Chil 2018 Aug;146(8):913-920

Academia Chilena de Medicina, Chile.

Medical journals are fundamental elements in medical education, in professional life, in research and in academic careers. They communicate new scientific and clinical findings, legitimate and give credibility to biomedical and clinical investigation, are guarantors of the authors' intellectual property, are a useful forum for the discussion of relevant topics, distribute selected information to readers and are archives of their publications. Out of the numerous medical journals appeared before and during the XIXth Century, only 24 of them remain active until today and Revista Médica de Chile appears as number 20 in the list. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Buccal Fat Pad Excision: Proceed with Caution.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 16;6(10):e1970. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Long Island Plastic Surgical Group, PC, Garden City, New York, N.Y.

Background: Buccal fat pad excision is offered as a means of obtaining a more aesthetic midface. This procedure has been documented in the form of countless videos on Instagram and other social media platforms with no long-term patient follow-up. We performed a retrospective analysis of published data regarding buccal fat pad excision and sought to better elucidate pitfalls regarding this underreported procedure. Read More

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October 2018

IS THERE EVIDENCE FOR AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CHANGES IN TRAINING LOAD AND RUNNING-RELATED INJURIES? A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):931-942

Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Population Health, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg.

Background: Sudden changes (increases and decreases) in training load have been suggested to play a key role in the development of running-related injuries. However, the compiled evidence for an association between change in training load and running-related injury does not exist.

Purpose: The purpose of the present systematic review was to compile the evidence from original articles examining the association between changes in training load and running-related injuries. Read More

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December 2018

Maternal chorioamnionitis and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm and very preterm neonates: A meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(12):e0208302. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatrics, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Context: No consensus exists regarding the association between maternal chorioamnionitis and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm and very preterm neonates.

Objectives: To investigate whether maternal chorioamnionitis affects neurodevelopmental outcomes and to identify the factors that may explain these effects.

Data Sources: We used Ovid Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science to conduct a meta-analysis of studies published in English before August 25, 2017, with titles or abstracts that discussed an association between maternal chorioamnionitis and mental/motor development. Read More

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December 2018

Understanding the burden of bacterial sexually transmitted infections and Trichomonas vaginalis among black Caribbeans in the United Kingdom: Findings from a systematic review.

PLoS One 2018 7;13(12):e0208315. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: In the UK, people of black Caribbean (BC) ethnicity continue to be disproportionately affected by bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). We systematically reviewed evidence on the association between bacterial STIs/TV and ethnicity (BC compared to white/white British (WB)) accounting for other risk factors; and differences between these two ethnic groups in the prevalence of risk factors associated with these STIs, sexual healthcare seeking behaviours, and contextual factors influencing STI risk.

Methods: Studies presenting relevant evidence for participants aged ≥14 years and living in the UK were eligible for inclusion. Read More

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December 2018

What Is New in Maternal Heart Disease?: Best Articles From the Past Year.

Authors:
Torri D Metz

Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Dr. Metz is from the University of Utah Health, Salt Lake City, Utah; email:

This month we focus on current research in maternal heart disease. Dr. Metz discusses four recent publications, which are concluded with a "bottom-line" that is the take-home message. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Blood Flow Restriction Training on Aerobic Capacity and Performance: A Systematic Review.

J Strength Cond Res 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Bennett, H and Slattery, F. Effects of blood flow restriction training on aerobic capacity and performance: A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Blood flow restriction (BFR) is a novel training method that can elicit training adaptations at low training intensities. Read More

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December 2018