84,317 results match your criteria Abortion Incomplete


Does Maternal Age at Retrieval Influence the Implantation Potential of Euploid Blastocysts?

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY 10021.

Background: Age-related decline in reproductive potential is mainly due to the increased incidence of aneuploidy. Furthermore, two recent studies have shown that euploid embryos of older women may have a lower implantation potential compared to those of younger women, suggesting that aging might compromise embryos beyond their ploidy status. However, the inherent limitations of these studies preclude solid conclusions. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Application of the Andersen-Newman model of health care utilization to understand antenatal care use in Kersa District, Eastern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208729. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Background: In Ethiopia, the uptake of antenatal care services has been low. Moreover, there is less frequent and late attendance of antenatal care among women who attend. Using the Anderson-Newman model of health care utilization, this study identified factors that either facilitate or impede antenatal care utilization in Kersa district, Eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018
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Chronic tubal pregnancy manifesting as a heterogeneous adnexal mass with prominent neovascularization in a woman with a negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin level.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gifu Prefectural Tajimi Hospital, Tajimi, Japan.

A 41-year-old woman (gravida 2, para 1) underwent elective termination of pregnancy at approximately 7 weeks of gestation. At 1 month after the elective abortion, she was referred due to abnormal results in a cervical cytological examination. Transvaginal ultrasonography showed a heterogeneous mass of 16 mm in diameter in the left adnexal region. Read More

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December 2018

Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to alloanti-M: three Chinese case reports and a review of the literature.

Transfusion 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Fetal Medicine Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510000, China.

Background: Alloanti-M was once regarded as not clinically significant, with a few exceptions in extremely rare cases. However, an increasing number of cases of severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), resulting in fetal hydrops and recurrent abortion caused by alloanti-M, have been reported mainly in the Asian population.

Study Design And Methods: Three pregnant Chinese women with a history of abnormal pregnancy with hydrops fetalis were encountered. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Effect of sex hormone-binding globulin polymorphisms on the outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer for polycystic ovary syndrome patients: A case-control study.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Gynecology, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, China.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), known as a common endocrine disorder among females, plagues many PCOS patients. The current study aimed to explore the correlations of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) polymorphisms with the outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in PCOS patients. PCOS patients who underwent IVF-ET and patients with non-PCOS-related infertility were selected in the study. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Abortion by telemedicine in the European Union.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Kent Law School, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

This paper analyses an important set of legal issues raised by the telemedical provision of abortion pills. Focusing on the case of European Union (EU) law, it suggests that a properly accredited doctor seeking to treat a patient with abortion pills is entitled, in principle, to rely on EU rules of free movement to protect their access to patients in other member states, and women facing unwanted pregnancies likewise have legal rights to access the services thus offered. EU countries seeking to claim an exception to those rules on the basis of public health or the protection of a fundamental public policy interest (here, the protection of fetal life) will face significant barriers. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory potentials of Akebia saponin D.

Eur J Pharmacol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital affiliated with Beijing Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Akebia saponin D, which is originates from Dipsacus asper Wall, has been used as a tonic, an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent for the therapy of low back pain, rheumatic arthritis, traumatic hematoma, habitual abortion and bone fractures in traditional Chinese medicine. However, the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity and mechanism of Akebia saponin D has been rarely reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of Akebia saponin D and to assess its possible mechanism. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The impact of the economic recession on inequalities in induced abortion in the main cities of Spain.

Eur J Public Health 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Dirección General de Salud Pública, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain.

The aim of this study was to analyse the trends in socioeconomic inequalities in induced abortion during the pre-crisis and crisis periods in the postcodes of two major cities of Spain. Ecological regression model showed that rates of induced abortion tended to increase between the two pre-crisis periods, but remained stable between the second pre-crisis period and the crisis period. In addition, we observed socioeconomic inequalities in induced abortion in both cities and in all age groups, and that these inequalities persisted across the three study periods. Read More

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November 2018
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Comparison of The Therapeutic Effect of Syngeneic, Allogeneic, and Xenogeneic Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Abortion Rates in A Mouse Model.

Cell J 2019 Apr 18;21(1):92-98. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic Address:

Objective: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), due to their immunomodulatory functions, are an ideal candidate for the treatment of immune-related diseases. Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy which in many cases is related to the immune system disorders. Our previous study has shown that the abortion rate was decreased following the syngeneic MSCs therapy in abortion-prone mice. Read More

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April 2019
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Missed opportunities in women's health: post-abortion care.

Lancet Glob Health 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Aga Khan University, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya and Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

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November 2018
1 Read

Health systems' capacity to provide post-abortion care: a multicountry analysis using signal functions.

Lancet Glob Health 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Abortion-related mortality is one of the main causes of maternal mortality worldwide. Laws often restrict the provision of safe abortion care, yet post-abortion care is a service that all countries have committed to provide to manage abortion complications. There is minimal evidence on the capacity of national health systems to provide post-abortion care. Read More

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November 2018
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Natural killer, natural killer T, helper and cytotoxic T cells in the decidua from recurrent spontaneous abortion with normal and abnormal chromosome karyotypes.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Problem: Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is associated with immune imbalance at the maternal-fetal interface. Decidual immune cells and cytokines expressed at this interface regulate the response of the maternal immune system to the fetus. However, the populations and cytokine expression levels of these lymphocytes in miscarriage with normal and abnormal chromosome karyotypes remain unclear. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Hysteroscopic removal of intrauterine devices in pregnancy.

Fertil Steril 2018 Dec;110(7):1408-1409

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, BC Women's Hospital and Health Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: To introduce and demonstrate an approach to the hysteroscopic removal of retained intrauterine devices (IUDs) in pregnancy. Pregnancy risks associated with retained IUDs are also discussed, specifically spontaneous abortion and preterm labor.

Design: A step-by-step explanation of the procedure with surgical video footage. Read More

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December 2018
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Adverse pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality after quadrivalent HPV vaccination during pregnancy.

Vaccine 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Virus, Lifestyle and Genes, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Gynecology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: Few studies have studied the association between unintended human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study set out to determine the association between HPV vaccination during pregnancy and subsequent risk of spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, and one-year infant mortality.

Methods: Population-based study including all pregnancies in Denmark (October 2006-December 2014) among women born 1975-1992. Read More

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November 2018
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Retrospective Biomolecular Investigation of Coxiella burnetii and Leptospira spp. DNA in Cases of Abortion, Stillbirth and Neonatal Mortality in Dogs and Cats.

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Dec 20;33(4):122-125. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Abortion and neonatal mortality are events that can occur in breeding bitches and queens. It has been reported that up to 55% and 33% of these cases remain without a known cause, respectively, in canine and feline pregnancies. Unusual abortigenic and potentially zoonotic agents, including Coxiella burnetii and Leptospira spp. Read More

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December 2018
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Quantifying disparities in access to public-sector abortion based on legislative differences within the Mexico City metropolitan area.

Contraception 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

National Institute of Public Health, Center for Population Health Research Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University & OHSU-PSU School of Public Health, Portland, OR, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: In the Mexico City Metropolitan Area, only women in the city center have local access to legal first trimester abortion. We quantify how this legislative discrepancy affects access to legal, public-sector abortion across the metropolitan area.

Study Design: In this observational study we used a dataset representing 67. Read More

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November 2018
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The association between seasonal influenza-like illness cases and foetal death: a time series analysis.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health,University of Copenhagen,Copenhagen,Denmark.

It has been reported that foetal death follows a seasonal pattern. Influenza virus infection has been postulated as one possible contributor to this seasonal variation. This ecological study explored the temporal association between the influenza activity and the frequency of foetal death. Read More

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December 2018
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[Abortion, sorority and body autonomy: a conversation with Mónica Macha, representative in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies].

Salud Colect 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):447-460

Médica. Ex directora de la Maternidad de Moreno Estela de Carlotto; Directora de Maternidad e Infancia, Hospital Emilio Zerboni. Estudiante, Doctorado en Salud Colectiva, Instituto de Salud Colectiva, Universidad Nacional de Lanús, Argentina.

Just days after the Argentine Chamber of Deputies approved the bill on the Voluntary Termination of Pregnancy, Salud Colectiva asked Dora Barrancos and Patricia Rosemberg to converse with representative Mónica Macha regarding the events leading up to the Chamber's approval of the bill. In the conversation other themes emerged in connection to the energy that flooded the streets all over the country throughout the year. The three women highlighted the activism and sorority present inside and outside of the chamber, the central role of youth, "the revolution of the daughters," the discussion of body autonomy, the role of doctors and how the struggle became a cultural change from which there is no return. Read More

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December 2018
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[Young women: between the "green tide" and the decision to have an abortion].

Salud Colect 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):433-446

Licenciada en Sociología. Becaria, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, con sede en Centro de Estudios Sociales y Políticos, Facultad de Humanidades, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The work analyzes the characteristics, arguments and conditions of possibility present in the gender activisms carried out in recent years by young women in Argentina, with special attention paid to the generational mark they imprint onto the collective demands and struggles for legal, safe and free abortion. The article reconstructs some of the social and personal circumstances at the base of the motivation or the decision of a group of young women to carry out an abortion with misoprostol, with the purpose of exploring concretely the support networks and the information circulating among these young women in relation to the practice of medical abortion, at a time in which access to this right has not yet been legally instituted in the country. We are interested in putting these realities in dialogue with a broader context of female youth prominence in these demands, condensed in the expression "green tide" and in the idea of a "cultural battle" that has already been won socially. Read More

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July 2018
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[Key arenas in the struggle for abortion rights in Argentina].

Authors:
Mónica Tarducci

Salud Colect 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):425-432

Doctora en Antropología Social. Directora, Instituto Interdisciplinario de Estudios de Género, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The huge mobilization seen in 2018 around the right to legal abortion in Argentina is the crowning point of a struggle that has been going on for many years, and that like any emancipatory movement has had different milestones as well as victories and setbacks, but that has never been abandoned. This article considers some of the actions that have marked that history, beginning with the pioneering women of the seventies, and continuing with the Commission for the Right to Abortion [Comisión por el Derecho al Aborto] after the restoration of democracy in the 1980s, followed by the experiences of Women Coming Together for the Right to Choose [Mujeres Autoconvocacadas por el Derecho a Decidir], the Assembly for the Right to Abortion [Asamblea por el Derecho al Aborto], and the present Campaign for the Right to Legal, Safe and Free Abortion [Campaña por el Derecho al Aborto Legal, Seguro y Gratuito], which succeeded in getting the bill that decriminalizes and legalizes abortion treated in the National Congress. Read More

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June 2018
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[Configurations of secularism in debates about the legalization of abortion in Argentina: parliamentary and feminist discourses (2015-2018)].

Salud Colect 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):405-423

Doctora en Ciencias Sociales. Becaria posdoctoral, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, con sede en Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Laborales; Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

This article explores the configurations of secularism present in the parliamentary debate on the voluntary termination of pregnancy bill in 2018, and in some specific areas of feminist activism in which secularism is discussed and promoted, collected in the period between 2015 and 2018. Based on the official transcriptions of the speeches of deputies and senators during the debates as well as participant observation in national and regional women's and feminist gatherings, we analyze the ideas that emerge in relation to the State, churches, religions, spiritualities and democracy when sexual and reproductive rights are discussed. The results confirm our hypothesis regarding the expansion of the discourse on secularism in both Chambers during 2018, with different definitions and intensities, as well as the amplification of support for existing feminist campaigns for a secular State and, in parallel, new problematizations regarding the confluence of a feminist identity with religious and/or spiritual identity. Read More

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June 2018
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[The production of the fetus as a "subject of rights": qualitative analysis of medical-Catholic discourses in Chile].

Salud Colect 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):391-403

Psicólogo. Asistente de investigación y publicaciones, Centro de Desarrollo Cognitivo, Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile.

This article presents the results of a study aimed at identifying and analyzing the discursive construction of the fetus as a subject of rights on the part of medical-religious institutions in the discussion of the decriminalization of abortion due to three causes in Chile during the 2013-2016 period. To this end, a triangulation was carried out based on an analysis of thematic content and an analysis of certain discursive strategies from the critical discourse analysis perspective using a textual corpus composed of 16 documents. Four analytical themes were identified: factual construction, female pastoral power, biopolitical management of the female body, and intervention technologies. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

[Sexual and reproductive health without freedom?: The conflict over abortion in Argentina].

Authors:
Silvia Levín

Salud Colect 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):377-389

Doctora en Ciencias Sociales. Profesora e Investigadora, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Argentina.

The feminist movement installed a political debate regarding the right to abortion in 2018, proposing a transformation not only in the praxis of democracy, but also in its substance, through the decriminalization and legalization of abortion. In this context, this article seeks to describe and evaluate the democratic conflict produced based on the reasons and justifications underpinning the disputed content, in favor and against abortion. It also seeks to summarize the principal constitutional and conventional rulings that, by regulating abortion, shed light on the normative universe of what ought to be, in which human rights are inscribed. Read More

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July 2018
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Treatment for patients with recurrent fetal losses positive for anti-cardiolipin beta2 glycoprotein I antibody using Sairei-to (Chai-ling-tang) and low-dose aspirin.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

General Center for Perinatal, Maternal and Neonatal Medicine, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Niigata City, Japan.

Aim: Recently, it is widely recognized that positivity for anti-phospholipid antibodies is a causative factor for a range of reproductive failures. Anti-cardiolipin beta2 glycoprotein I antibody (anti-CL-beta2-GPI) is a representative anti-phospholipid antibody, which strongly correlates with the development of thrombotic events and diversity of adverse pregnancies. In this series, we aimed to elucidate effective treatment for patients with recurrent fetal losses positive for anti-CL-beta2-GPI using Japanese-modified Chinese herbal medicine. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Need for better indicators of contraception after abortion.

Authors:
Chris Smith

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.

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December 2018
1 Read

Genotyping of Coxiella burnetii in sheep and goat abortion samples.

BMC Microbiol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):204. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Laboratory of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii, is a zoonosis that presents a worldwide distribution and affects both humans and animals. The route of dispersal of the pathogen by ruminants into the environment usually involves stages of abortion and parturition, nevertheless the agent can, also, be detected in other animal samples. Therefore it is considered as important in terms of proper diagnosis, as well as, for epidemiology and surveillance purposes, to genotype the pathogen. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Birth outcomes after inadvertent use of category X drugs contraindicated in pregnancy: Where is the real risk?

Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(3):298-305

Department of Pharmacology, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

Öztürk Z, Ölmez E, Gürpınar T, Vural K. Birth outcomes after inadvertent use of category X drugs contraindicated in pregnancy: Where is the real risk? Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 298-305. Drugs contraindicated in pregnancy are medicines that should be avoided by pregnant women, since they carry a concern for teratogenicity or there is no indication for their use during pregnancy. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Isolated Fetal Cardiac Abnormalities: Are They Really Isolated?

AJP Rep 2018 Oct 30;8(4):e355-e358. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.

 To determine the rate of unsuspected noncardiac abnormalities in newborns suspected to have isolated cardiac abnormalities in the second trimester.  A review of the ultrasound database from the Weill Cornell Medical Center identified fetuses with a suspected cardiac abnormality from January 2006 to November 2016. Cases with prenatally suspected noncardiac structural abnormalities, abnormal fetal or neonatal karyotype or microarray, and those who delivered at an outside institution or underwent abortion were excluded. Read More

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October 2018

A Rare Culprit of Spontaneous Abortion, Latent Tuberculosis Complicated by Disseminated Peritoneal TB.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 28;2018:2318539. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Associate Residency Program Director, Newark Beth Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Newark, NJ, USA.

This is a case of a 38-year-old female with latent TB complicated by disseminated peritoneal TB with associated spontaneous abortion, who was initially thought to have an ovarian neoplasm, prompting extensive workup. Laparoscopy with biopsy later confirmed the patient's condition; she was initiated on the appropriate therapy and had a full recovery. Read More

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October 2018
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Prenatal Progestin Exposure Is Associated With Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Front Psychiatry 2018 19;9:611. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Hainan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Haikou, China.

We have previously reported that prenatal progestin exposure induces autism-like behavior in offspring through ERβ (estrogen receptor β) suppression in the brain, indicating that progestin may induce autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this study, we aim to investigate whether prenatal progestin exposure is associated with ASD. A population-based case-control epidemiology study was conducted in Hainan province of China. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Unmet need for modern contraception and associated factors among reproductive age group women in Eritrean refugee camps, Tigray, north Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Dec 4;11(1):851. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia.

Objective: Millions of women want to delay or avoid pregnancy, but they are not using contraception, especially in refugee settings. Due to lack of contraception, one fifth of reproductive age group women suffered from unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion, which accounted for 78% of maternal mortality in refugee camps. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of unmet need for modern contraception and its associated factors among reproductive age group women in Eritrean refugee camps, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, 2016. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Molecular characterisation of equid alphaherpesvirus 1 strains isolated from aborted fetuses in Poland.

Virol J 2018 Dec 3;15(1):186. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Norwida 31, Wroclaw, 50-375, Poland.

Background: Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is one of the main infectious causative agents of abortion in mares and can also be associated with stillbirth, neonatal foal death, rhinopneumonitis in young horses and a neurological disorder called equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM). The neuropathogenicity of the virus was shown to be significantly higher in EHV-1 strains that carry a single nucleotide point (SNP) mutation in the ORF30, which encodes a catalytic subunit of viral DNA polymerase (ORF30 D). Another gene, ORF68 is frequently used for phylogenetic analysis of EHV-1. Read More

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December 2018
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Murine exposure to gold nanoparticles during early pregnancy promotes abortion by inhibiting ectodermal differentiation.

Mol Med 2018 Dec 3;24(1):62. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.

Background: Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been widely studied for biomedical applications, although their safety and potential toxicity in pregnancy remains unknown. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of AuNPs maternal exposure at different gestational ages on fetal survival and development, as well as the potential mechanism of AuNPs affecting embryos and fetuses.

Methods: Thirty nm polyethylene glycol (PEG)-coated AuNPs (A30) were administered to pregnant mice via intravenous injection (5 μg Au/g body weight) over three days at either early or late pregnancy. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Effect of interventional embolization treatment for hydrosalpinx on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13143

Department of Interventional Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University.

To explore the effect of interventional embolization treatment for hydrosalpinx on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET).During the period from January 2013 to January 2015, a total of 129 patients with unilateral or bilateral hydrosalpinx were treated with IVF-ET and selected for retrospective analysis. Seventy-three patients (intervention group) with unilateral or bilateral hydrosalpinx were treated with fallopian tube embolization, which was followed by IVF-ET. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Bacterial Vaginosis: An insight into the prevalence, alternative regimen treatments and it's associated resistance patterns.

Microb Pathog 2018 Nov 28;127:21-30. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Atta-Ur-Rahman School of Applied Bio-Sciences, Department of Healthcare Biotechnology, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a complex polymicrobial infection of vagina that shifts the paradigms of vaginal flora from lactobacilli to opportunistic pathogens. BV is catagorized by greyish white discharge, pH greater than 4.5. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

The role of the PD-1/PD-L1 axis in macrophage differentiation and function during pregnancy.

Hum Reprod 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Family Planning Research Institute, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, PR China.

Study Question: What is the role of the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-1 ligand-1 (PD-L1) axis in macrophage polarization during early pregnancy?

Summary Answer: PD-1 signaling is a major regulator of macrophage differentiation and function, and it is critical for the success of a pregnancy.

What Is Known Already: The predominance of decidual macrophages (DMs) with an M2 phenotype is an important contributor to maternal-fetal tolerance during early pregnancy.

Study Design, Size, Duration: Twenty-four women with recurrent miscarriage (RM) and 70 women undergoing elective termination of an early normal pregnancy (NP) were included. Read More

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November 2018

Self-administered lidocaine gel for local anesthesia prior to osmotic dilator placement: a randomized trial.

Contraception 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Stanford University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Family Planning Services and Research, 300 Pasteur Drive, HG 332, Palo Alto, CA, USA 94305. Electronic address:

Objective(s): To compare pain scores during cervical dilator placement prior to dilation and evacuation (D&E) with patient-administered vaginal lidocaine gel versus lidocaine paracervical block (PCB).

Study Design: We conducted an unblinded randomized trial of women≥18years of age undergoing surgical abortion at≥16weeks gestation in two outpatient clinics. We randomized participants to receive self-administered lidocaine gel 2% 20mL intravaginally 15-30min before procedure initiation, or lidocaine 1% 12mL PCB immediately prior to dilator placement. Read More

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November 2018

Phase Separation and Transcription Regulation: Are Super-Enhancers and Locus Control Regions Primary Sites of Transcription Complex Assembly?

Bioessays 2018 Nov 30:e1800164. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, UF Health Cancer Center, Genetics Institute, Powell Gene Therapy Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.

It is proposed that the multiple enhancer elements associated with locus control regions and super-enhancers recruit RNA polymerase II and efficiently assemble elongation competent transcription complexes that are transferred to target genes by transcription termination and transient looping mechanisms. It is well established that transcription complexes are recruited not only to promoters but also to enhancers, where they generate enhancer RNAs. Transcription at enhancers is unstable and frequently aborted. Read More

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November 2018

Two year continuation rates of contraceptive methods in France: a cohort study from the French national health insurance database.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2018 Nov 30:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

e Gynecology-Obstetric Department , Hospital Loire Vendée Ocean , Challans , France.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the continuation rates of reimbursed contraceptive methods in French real-world conditions.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study using a representative sample of the national health insurance database, the General Sample of Beneficiaries (Echantillon Généralistes des Bénéficiaires [EGB]), was performed between 2006 and 2012. Selected women were ≥15 years of age and had started a reimbursed contraceptive method between 2009 and 2012 without prior reimbursement for an implant or an intrauterine contraceptive method between 2006 and 2008. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Men's and women's roles in decision making about abortion in the context of HIV.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2018 Nov 30:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

a School of Built Environment and Development Studies , University of KwaZulu-Natal , Durban , South Africa.

Objective: Mother-to-child transmission of HIV is a matter of global concern but is particularly serious in Zimbabwe. A number of strategies have been identified to limit the risk of mother-to-child transmission, including abortion. The aim of the current study was to assess men's and women's roles in decision making about abortion in a setting with a high prevalence of HIV. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Emergency contraception and risk habits in a university population.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2018 Nov 30:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

c Unit for Research , Primary Health Care Management , Palma , Spain.

Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the self-reported prevalence of use of emergency contraception (EC), identify factors associated with EC use, and measure the prevalence in university students of pregnancy and abortion among users and non-users of EC.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of university students using a self-administered questionnaire was carried out in 2016. The main dependent variable was EC use at any time. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes associated with a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 28;8(11):e024175. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Public Health Interventions Research Group, Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Introduction: Several bacterial sexually transmitted and genital mycoplasma infections during pregnancy have been associated with poor pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Comprehensive and systematic information about associations between sexually transmitted infections (STI) and genital infections in pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes is needed to improve understanding about the evidence for causal associations between these infections and adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. Our primary objective is to systematically review the literature about associations between: (1) in pregnancy and preterm birth; (2) in pregnancy and preterm birth; (3) and/or in pregnancy and preterm birth. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Contraception and abortion knowledge, attitudes and practices among adolescents from low and middle-income countries: a systematic review.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Nov 29;18(1):909. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.

Background: Adolescents face significant barriers to contraception access and utilization that result in adverse health effects of early pregnancy and childbirth. Unsafe abortions continue to occur partly due to failure to prevent pregnancies, with Sub-Saharan Africa contributing the most significant burden of all unsafe abortions among young people globally, of which a quarter occurs in those aged 15-19 years. We aimed to conduct a systematic review of the contraceptive and abortion knowledge, attitudes and practices of adolescents in low and middle-income countries to increase the understanding of the sexual and reproductive health dynamics that they face. Read More

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November 2018
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Remarks on Abortion.

Authors:
H W Ward

Lond Med Phys J 1823 Mar;49(289):217-219

Surgeon.

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March 1823
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Recombinant adiponectin alleviates abortion in mice by regulating Th17/Treg imbalance via p38MAPK-STAT5 pathway.

Biol Reprod 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First affiliated hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is associated with abnormal maternal tolerance to the semi-allogenic fetus, wherein the Th17/Treg axis plays a crucial role. Adiponectin (APN) is an adipocytokine that is shown to be a novel negative T-cell regulator and induce immune tolerance. The CBA/J × DBA/2 mating was used as an abortion-prone model to investigate whether the addition of recombinant adiponectin (rAPN) improves the pregnancy outcome. Read More

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November 2018
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Fatal ruptured ectopic pregnancy - a case report.

Med Leg J 2018 Nov 29:25817218795337. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Forensic Medicine, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, India.

A 26-year-old unmarried female with a history of acute abdominal pain and bleeding per vagina was brought unresponsive to the hospital. She was in shock on arrival and could not be resuscitated. Death was registered as a medico-legal case. Read More

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November 2018
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Chimaeric Rift Valley fever virus-like particle vaccine candidate production in Nicotiana benthamiana.

Biotechnol J 2018 Nov 28:e1800238. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Biopharming Research Unit, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa.

Rift valley fever virus (RVFV) is an emerging mosquito borne virus and haemorrhagic fever agent, which causes abortion storms in farmed small ruminants and potentially causes miscarriages in humans. Although live-attenuated vaccines are available for animals, they can only be used in endemic areas and there are currently no commercially available vaccines for humans. Here we describe the production of chimaeric RVFV virus-like particles transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated gene transfer. Read More

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November 2018
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Prevalence and determinants of antenatal depression among pregnant women in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Nov 29;18(1):462. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Antenatal depression is more prevalent in low and middle income countries as compared to high income countries. It has now been documented as a global public health problem owing to its severity, chronic nature and recurrence as well as its negative influence on the general health of women and development of children. However, in Ethiopia, there are few studies with highly variable and inconsistent findings. Read More

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November 2018
2.190 Impact Factor