6,710 results match your criteria Abdominal Trauma Blunt


Blunt Abdominal Trauma in a European Trauma Setting: Need for Complex or Non-Complex Skills in Emergency Laparotomy.

Scand J Surg 2019 Feb 20:1457496919828244. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

1 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Trauma Unit, Töölö Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background And Aims:: Blunt abdominal trauma can lead to substantial organ injury and hemorrhage necessitating open abdominal surgery. Currently, the trend in surgeon training is shifting away from general surgery and the surgical treatment of blunt abdominal trauma patients is often done by sub-specialized surgeons. The aim of this study was to identify what emergency procedures are needed after blunt abdominal trauma and whether they can be performed with the skill set of a general surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1457496919828244DOI Listing
February 2019

Hospital factors associated with higher costs in pediatric blunt abdominal trauma: A national study.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

University of Washington, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, 401 Broadway, 4(th) floor, Seattle, WA 98122; University of Washington, Department of Pediatrics, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 356320, Seattle, WA 98105. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Our objective was to evaluate hospital factors, including children's hospital status, associated with higher costs for blunt solid organ pediatric abdominal trauma.

Methods: We queried the 2012 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) for patients 18 years or younger with low-grade and high-grade blunt abdominal trauma. We calculated total hospital costs and adjusted cost ratios (CR) controlling for patient and hospital-level characteristics. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223468183087
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.12.012DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Non-operative management of solid organ injuries in children: An American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee systematic review.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Children's Foundation Research Institute, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, TN. Electronic address:

Purpose: The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) guidelines for the treatment of isolated solid organ injury (SOI) in children were published in 2000 and have been widely adopted. The aim of this systematic review by the APSA Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee was to evaluate the published evidence regarding treatment of solid organ injuries in children.

Methods: A comprehensive search strategy was crafted and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were utilized to identify, review, and report salient articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Abdominal trauma: experience of 4961 cases in Western Mexico.

Cir Cir 2019 ;87(2):183-189

Servicio de Cirugía Medicina Legal, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara Fray Antonio Alcalde, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

Introduction: Trauma is a leading cause of morbimortality in the world. Intraabdominal compartment is the third most affected anatomical region and bleeding from this origin is difficult to identify, therefore the importance to predict possible lesions to the abdominal cavity.

Objective: To describe and analyze the sociodemographic profile and injuries found in patients with abdominal trauma in a western hospital in Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/CIRU.18000509DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Is Obesity Protective in Thoracoabdominal Penetrating Trauma?

Am Surg 2019 Jan;85(1):34-38

The incidence of obesity has been increasing in the United States, and the medical care of obese patients after injury is complex. Obesity has been linked to increased morbidity after blunt trauma. Whether increased girth protects abdominal organs from penetrating injury or complicates management from obesity-associated medical comorbidities after penetrating injury has not been well defined. Read More

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January 2019

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Pediatric Populations.

Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Medicine, Division of Digestive Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11938-019-00225-6DOI Listing
February 2019

School Nurses on the Front Lines of Medicine: Emergencies Associated With Sport and Physical Activities: Part 1.

NASN Sch Nurse 2019 Feb 9:1942602X18819223. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Professor, Departments of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine.

Illness and injury associated with sport and physical activities may occur in the school setting. Although most sport-related illness and injury in students are considered minor emergencies, life- and limb-threatening illnesses or injuries may occur, such as sudden cardiac arrest, heat stroke, status asthmaticus, catastrophic brain or cervical spine injuries, hypoglycemia, blunt chest/abdominal injuries, or extremity fractures requiring surgery. It is important for the school nurse to recognize potential life- and limb-threatening emergencies associated with sport and physical activity, to initiate stabilization of the student with life- and limb-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow up at their primary healthcare provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via emergency medical services). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1942602X18819223DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Management of blunt intraperitoneal bladder rupture: Case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 1;55:160-163. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Surgery, Kendall Regional Medical Center, Miami, FL, United States; University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States.

Introduction: Urinary bladder ruptures are an uncommon injury, occurring in less than 1% of all blunt abdominal trauma. Extraperitoneal bladder ruptures are generally associated with pelvic fractures and usually managed nonoperatively. Conversely, intraperitoneal injuries are often caused by large compressive and shear forces produced during seatbelt injuries and almost invariably require surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.01.038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369329PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A novel streamlined trauma response team training improves imaging efficiency for pediatric blunt abdominal trauma patients.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 571 S. Floyd St., Suite 802, Louisville, KY 40202. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: The morbidity and mortality of children with traumatic injuries are directly related to the time to definitive management of their injuries. Imaging studies are used in the trauma evaluation to determine the injury type and severity. The goal of this project is to determine if a formal streamlined trauma response improves efficiency in pediatric blunt trauma by evaluating time to acquisition of imaging studies and definitive management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.12.013DOI Listing
January 2019

Spontaneous Rectus Sheath Hematoma: An Uncommon Cause of Acute Abdominal Pain.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 7;20:163-166. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, United Health Services Hospitals, Wilson Medical Center, Johnson City, NY, USA.

BACKGROUND A clinical condition that is often misdiagnosed, rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is usually seen in the context of blunt abdominal trauma and/or anticoagulation therapy, rarely occurring spontaneously. We present a case of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (SRSH) without obvious risk factors and review the literature regarding diagnosis modalities and management. The aim of this case presentation is to highlight this rare clinical condition and emphasize the role of the physical exam in determining the appropriate treatment approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913246DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375283PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Visceral Injuries in Patients with Blunt and Penetrating Abdominal Trauma Presenting to a Tertiary Care Facility in Karachi, Pakistan.

Cureus 2018 Nov 17;10(11):e3604. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

General Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical College, Karachi, PAK.

Introduction Abdominal injuries are responsible for 10% of the mortalities due to trauma. Delays in early diagnosis or misdiagnoses are two major reasons for the mortality and morbidity associated with abdominal trauma. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of visceral injuries in patients with abdominal trauma and compare the frequency of visceral injuries in patients with blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3604DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338406PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Are serial hematocrit measurements sensitive enough to predict intra-abdominal injuries in blunt abdominal trama?

Open Access Emerg Med 2019 7;11:9-13. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Emergency Medicine Management Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,

Objective: Routine serial hematocrit measurements are a component of the trauma evaluation for patients without serious injury identified on initial evaluation. We sought to determine whether serial hematocrit testing was useful in predicting the probable injuries in blunt abdominal trauma.

Materials And Method: We performed a prospective study of trauma patients admitted in our observation unit over a 12-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAEM.S180398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327898PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Evaluation of intra-abdominal solid organ injuries in children.

Acta Biomed 2019 Jan 15;89(4):505-512. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

.

Aim: In our study we investigated characteristics and degree of intra-abdominal solid organ injuries according to tomographic imaging in pediatric patients who presented to our emergency clinic with possible abdominal injuries and to whom US and/or abdominal tomography were applied.

Materials And Methods: 1066 pediatric patients were included in the study. The age, gender, injury localization, injury type, injury mechanism, abdominal US and CT results, and treatment specifics of patients were evaulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v89i4.5983DOI Listing
January 2019

Abdominal injuries treated in a referral hospital: analysis of outcomes, treatment approaches, and prognostic scales.

Emergencias 2019 Ene;31(1):15-20

Servicio de Cirugía General y Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España.

Objectives: To describe the abdominal injuries treated in our hospital. We assessed the behavior and reliability of prognostic scales, analyzing the correlations between them and therapeutic decisions and outcomes.

Material And Methods: Retrospective study including all patients with major abdominal injuries admitted to our hospital between 2009 and 2015. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Traumatic abdominal wall hernia - a case of handlebar hernia.

Authors:
K Vincent S D Cheah

Med J Malaysia 2018 Dec;73(6):425-426

Hospital Kulim, Departmentof Surgery, Jalan Mahang, Kulim, Kedah, Malaysia.

Traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) after blunt injury is uncommon. Diagnosis requires careful examination and high index of suspicion. We report a case of a 12-year-old boy who complained of painful abdominal swelling over the left iliac fossa after a bicycle-handlebar hit his abdomen. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

BLUNT SMALL BOWEL PERFORATION (SBP): A MULTICENTER UPDATE 15 YEARS LATER.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

Background: Previous work demonstrated diagnostic delays in blunt small bowel perforation (SBP) with increased mortality and inability of CT scans to reliably exclude the diagnosis. We conducted a follow-up multicenter study to determine if these challenges persist 15 years later.

Methods: We selected adult cases with blunt injury, ICD-9 or CPT indicating small bowel surgery, no other major injury and at least one abdominal CT within initial 6 hours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002176DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Extra-Hepatic Bile Duct Injury in Blunt Trauma; A Systematic Review.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Unit, Level 4, The Princess Alexandra Hospital, 199 Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, 4102, QLD.

Background: Extra-hepatic bile duct injuries (EHBDIs) are a rare consequence of blunt abdominal trauma. The purpose of this study was to establish mechanisms of injury, clinical indicators of EHBDI following blunt trauma (both with investigative modalities and intraoperatively), method and timing of injury detection, and definitive treatment options.

Method: A Systematic Review was performed to gather data on patients with an extrahepatic bile duct injury secondary to blunt trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002186DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

[Acute abdominal trauma].

Radiologe 2019 Feb;59(2):139-145

Klinik und Poliklinik für Radiologie, Klinikum der Universität München, Nußbaumstr. 20, 80336, München, Deutschland.

Background: In patients with multiple trauma, abdominal involvement is a particularly relevant injury pattern. Depending on the intensity and manner of injury, heterogeneous but often typical organ manifestations result. Knowledge of these injury patterns is essential for targeted diagnostics and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-018-0485-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Eighteen years' experience of traumatic subclavian vascular injury in a tertiary referral trauma center.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Division of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, No.5, Fuxing St., Guishan Dist., Linkou, Taoyuan, 333, Taiwan.

Purpose: Traumatic subclavian vascular injury (TSVI) is rare but often fatal. The precise diagnosis of TSVI remains challenging mainly because of its occult nature, less typical presentations, and being overlooked in the presence of polytrauma. Compared to penetrating injuries, it is even more difficult to identify TSVI in patients who have blunt injuries and no visible bleeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-018-01070-5DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Pneumobilia Caused by Blunt Abdominal Trauma.

J Belg Soc Radiol 2019 Jan 2;103(1). Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Cliniques St Pierre Ottignies, BE.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/jbsr.1661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319309PMC
January 2019

Acute Surgical Decision-Making in Abdominal Trauma Is Not Altered by Race or Socioeconomic Status.

Am Surg 2018 Dec;84(12):1869-1875

Two main procedures are performed on patients suffering from colonic perforation, diverting colostomy and primary tissue repair. We investigated patient race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES) that predicted surgical outcomes after blunt or penetrating trauma. A retrospective analysis was performed using data from the National Trauma Data Bank for three years (2013-2015). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Negative Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma examination predicts successful nonoperative management in pediatric solid organ injury: A prospective Arizona-Texas-Oklahoma-Memphis-Arkansas + Consortium study.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Jan;86(1):86-91

From the Department of Surgery, The Children's Hospital at OU Medical Center (P.M.G., P.M, Z.S., R.W.L.), Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Pediatric Trauma Center, Dell Children's Medical Center (N.M.G., K.A.L., D.W.T.), Austin, Texas; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta (A.B.), Atlanta, Georgia; Level I Pediatric Trauma Center, Phoenix Children's Hospital (M.E.L., C.S.L., D.M.N., D.J.O.), Phoenix, Arizona; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Arkansas Children's Hospital (R.T.M.), Little Rock, Arkansas; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital (J.W.E.), Memphis, Tennessee; Pediatric Surgery Department, Children's Medical Center (A.C.A.), Dallas, Texas; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Akron Children's Hospital (T.A.P.), Akron, Ohio; Pediatric Surgery, American Family Children's Hospital (C.W.L.), Madison, Wisconsin; Pediatric Surgery, Mercy Children's Hospital (S.D.S.P.), Kansas City, Missouri.

Background: Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination has long been proven useful in the management of adult trauma patients, however, its utility in pediatric trauma patients is not as proven. Our goal was to evaluate the utility of a FAST examination in predicting the success or failure of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt liver and/or spleen (BLSI) in the pediatric trauma population.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of a prospective observational study of patients younger than 18 years presenting with BLSI to one of ten Level I pediatric trauma centers between April 2013 and January 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002074DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Endoscopic titanium clip closure of gastric fistula after splenectomy: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Dec;6(15):1047-1052

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, Sichuan Province, China.

This report describes a 52-year-old male patient with blunt abdominal traumatic rupture of the spleen due to injuries sustained in an automobile accident. Following splenectomy, the patient developed a gastric fistula. He underwent a long period of conservative treatment, including antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition, which was ineffective. Read More

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http://www.wjgnet.com/2307-8960/full/v6/i15/1047.htm
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v6.i15.1047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288501PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Rupture of the common bile duct due to blunt trauma, presenting difficulty in diagnosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 10;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Surgery, JCHO Chukyo Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

Rupture of the common bile duct because of blunt trauma is extremely rare. Preoperative diagnosis is very difficult because bile causes little peritoneal irritation. We present a case of a 19-year-old young woman with rupture of the common bile duct due to blunt trauma. Read More

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http://www.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-226467
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226467DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Delayed presentation of large intra-abdominal wooden splinter after blunt trauma: a case report.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of General Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.14979DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Outcomes after Single-Look Trauma Laparotomy: A Large Population-Based Study.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Trauma Service, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, California.

Background: Outcomes following damage control laparotomy for trauma have been studied in detail. However, outcomes following a single operation, or "single-look trauma laparotomy" (SLTL), have not. We evaluated the association between SLTL and both short-term and long-term outcomes in a large, population-based dataset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002167DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

An Isolated Ureteropelvic Junction Injury Following a Low-impact Mechanical Fall.

Urology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA.

Objective: To describe the presentation of a rare isolated ureteropelvic junction injury resulting from a mechanical fall on ice.

Materials And Methods: A 71-year-old previously healthy man presented to the emergency department at the University of Massachusetts Medical School 3 hours following falling on ice with complaints of gross hematuria and flank pain. Patient records were accessed via the institution's electronic medical records system between March 22, 2018 and April 22, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2018.11.039DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Point-of-care ultrasonography for diagnosing thoracoabdominal injuries in patients with blunt trauma.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 12 12;12:CD012669. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 12683.

Background: Point-of-care sonography (POCS) has emerged as the screening modality of choice for suspected body trauma in many emergency departments worldwide. Its best known application is FAST (focused abdominal sonography for trauma). The technology is almost ubiquitously available, can be performed during resuscitation, and does not expose patients or staff to radiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012669.pub2DOI Listing
December 2018

Post-traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the left gastric artery: A case report.

Trauma Case Rep 2019 Feb 5;19:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of General Surgery, Division of Trauma Surgery, Eulji University Hostpital, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the gastric artery is very rare. Prompt diagnosis and management are necessary because mortality is high due to massive intra-abdominal hemorrhage. A 79-year-old man complained of abdominal pain after slipping down 2 days prior to admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2018.11.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282636PMC
February 2019

Non-operative management of blunt hepatic and splenic injuries-practical aspects and value of radiological scoring systems.

Eur Surg 2018 20;50(6):285-298. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

1Department of Visceral, Transplantation and Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Non-operative management (NOM) of blunt hepatic and splenic injuries has become popular in haemodynamically stable adult patients, despite uncertainty about efficacy, patient selection, and details of management. Up-to-date strategies and practical recommendations are presented.

Methods: A selective literature search was conducted in PubMed and the Cochrane Library (1989-2016). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10353-018-0545-x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10353-018-0545-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267420PMC
July 2018
9 Reads

Unresolved Splenomegaly in Recently Resettled Congolese Refugees - Multiple States, 2015-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 12 14;67(49):1358-1362. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

In 2014, panel physicians from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), who conduct Department of State-required predeparture examinations for U.S.-bound refugees at resettlement sites in Uganda, noticed an unusually high number of Congolese refugees with enlarged spleens, or splenomegaly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.155850/mmwr.mm6749a2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300079PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Laparoscopy for blunt abdominal trauma: A Challenging Endeavor.

Scand J Surg 2018 Dec 6:1457496918816927. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1  Department of Surgery, Dr George Mukhari Academic Hospital, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background And Aims:: Laparoscopy in blunt abdominal trauma is challenging because of multiple associated injuries, higher trauma score values and higher morbidity and mortality, as compared with patients with penetrating abdominal trauma. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of laparoscopy in the management of blunt abdominal trauma patients and to highlight related challenges.

Material And Methods:: Over a 4-year period, patients managed laparoscopically for blunt abdominal trauma were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1457496918816927DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in pediatric blunt abdominal trauma.

J Ultrasound 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Radiology, Careggi University Hospital, L.go G.A. Brambilla, 3, 50134, Florence, Italy.

Baseline ultrasound is the first-choice technique in traumatic hemodynamically stable children, and is essential in the early assessment of unstable patients to detect hemoperitoneum or other potentially fatal conditions. Despite the technological advancements in new ultrasound equipment and the experience of the operators, it is not always possible to rule out the presence of parenchymal traumatic lesions by means of baseline ultrasound nor to suspect them, especially in the absence of hemoperitoneum. For this reason, in the last decades, basic ultrasound has been associated with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to evaluate the stable little patient in cases such as low-energy blunt abdominal trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-018-0346-xDOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

A rare case of an adult traumatic bicycle handlebar hernia: A case report and review of the literature.

Turk J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 5;18(4):179-181. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Surgery, Al Rahba Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

The term handlebar hernia had been applied to describe the traumatic hernia that result from a handlebar-like blunt objects. The force of the blunt trauma is insufficient to breach the elastic skin, yet, it can cause abdominal wall musculature disruption. Serious intraabdominal injuries can result which may be evident at the time of trauma or may be delayed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjem.2018.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260974PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Deployment of a Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta Device in a Case of Gunshot Wound Injury to a Horseshoe Kidney.

Cureus 2018 Oct 2;10(10):e3399. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA.

A horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a urological malformation that is typically found incidentally after a traumatic injury due to its asymptomatic nature. We present a 25-year-old male with multiorgan injuries secondary to blunt abdominal trauma caused by a gunshot wound. We report the courses of action taken that led to the identification of the HSK and other associated intra-abdominal injuries and the subsequent surgical management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3399DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279008PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Safety of selective nonoperative management for blunt splenic trauma: the impact of concomitant injuries.

Patient Saf Surg 2018 27;12:32. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

1Department of Trauma, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Nonoperative management for blunt splenic injury is the preferred treatment. To improve the outcome of selective nonoperative therapy, the current challenge is to identify factors that predict failure. Little is known about the impact of concomitant injury on outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13037-018-0179-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260576PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

External validation of a clinical prediction rule for very low risk pediatric blunt abdominal trauma.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2200 Children's Way Suite 1025, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Computed tomography (CT) is frequently used to identify intra-abdominal injuries in children with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) proposed a prediction rule to identify children with BAT who are at very low risk for clinically-important intra-abdominal injuries (CIIAI) in whom CT can be avoided.

Objective: To determine the sensitivity of this prediction rule in identifying patients at very low risk for CIIAI in our pediatric trauma registry. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757183094
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.11.031DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

The effectiveness of non-operative treatment in high-grade liver and spleen injury in children.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Nov;24(6):569-574

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul-Turkey.

Background: Although a nonoperative treatment approach is preferred for blunt liver and spleen trauma in childhood, there are significant differences between clinics in the algorithms used. The approach to high-grade liver and spleen injury is still controversial, particularly as grade V liver and spleen injuries are not included in the American Pediatric Surgical Association guideline. The aim of this study was to present experience with a non-operative treatment approach to children with high-grade liver and spleen injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjtes.2018.83573DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Spleen-preserving spleen-sacrificing distal pancreatectomy in adults with blunt major pancreatic injury.

BJS Open 2018 Dec 10;2(6):426-432. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of General Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chang Gung University Tao-Yuan City Taiwan.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse outcomes of spleen-preserving (SPDP) and spleen-sacrificing (SSDP) distal pancreatectomy in adults with severe blunt pancreatic injuries.

Methods: This was an observational study of adult patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy for grade III or IV blunt pancreatic injury between 1991 and 2015. Outcomes of SPDP and SSDP were compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs5.89DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6253790PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Abdominal vascular injuries: Blunt vs. penetrating.

Injury 2019 Jan 26;50(1):137-141. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Chulalongkorn University, Surgery, Rama4 rd, Bangkok, Thailand.

Introduction: Abdominal vascular injuries (AVIs) remain a great challenge since they are associated with significant mortality. Penetrating injury is the most common cause of AVIs; however, some AVI series had more blunt injuries. There is little information regarding differences between penetrating and blunt AVIs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00201383183071
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.11.045DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Occult bowel injury after blunt abdominal trauma.

Am J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

University of Florida Health, Department of Surgery, Gainesville, FL, USA; University of Florida Health, Sepsis and Critical Illness Research Center, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Following blunt abdominal trauma, bowel injuries are often missed on admission computed tomography (CT) scan.

Methods: Multicenter retrospective analysis of 176 adults with moderate-critical blunt abdominal trauma and admission CT scan who underwent operative exploration. Patients with a bowel injury missed on CT (n = 36, 20%) were compared to all other patients (n = 140, 80%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2018.11.018DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Things Are Not Always What They Seem: Two Cases of Child Maltreatment Presenting With Common Pediatric Chief Complaints.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Hospital Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, and.

We describe 2 cases of child maltreatment who presented as common pediatric conditions: preseptal cellulitis and gastroenteritis. The first case is an 8-year-old girl who presented with progressive right eye pain, swelling, and discharge. She was initially treated for preseptal cellulitis, but eye cultures ultimately grew Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001686DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Morbid Obesity's Silver Lining: An Armor for Hollow Viscus in Blunt Abdominal Trauma.

World J Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Trauma and Burn Surgery, Stroger Hospital of Cook County, Cook County Health and Hospital System and Rush University, 1950 West Polk Street, 8th floor, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA.

Background: Morbid obesity is usually accompanied by both subcutaneous and visceral fat accumulation. Fat can mimic an air bag, absorbing the force of a collision. We hypothesized that morbid obesity is mechanically protective for hollow viscus organs in blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-018-4872-7DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Survival trends after inferior vena cava and aortic injuries in the United States.

J Vasc Surg 2018 12 28;68(6):1880-1888. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Division of Vascular Surgery & Endovascular Therapy, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex. Electronic address:

Objective: Recent studies have demonstrated an increase in trauma mortality relative to mortality from cancer and heart diseases in the United States. Major vascular injuries such as to the inferior vena cava (IVC) and aortic injuries remain responsible for a significant proportion of early trauma deaths in modern trauma care. The purpose of this study was to explore patterns in epidemiology and mortality after IVC and aortic injuries in the United States. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07415214183099
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.04.033DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Relevance of early CT scan diagnosis of blunt diaphragmatic injury: A retrospective analysis from the Northern French Alps Emergency Network.

J Visc Surg 2019 Feb 22;156(1):3-9. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Service de chirurgie digestive et de l'urgence, CHU Grenoble-Alpes, CS 102017, 38043 Grenoble cedex, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Diaphragmatic rupture following blunt trauma occurs rarely. Classically described after high-velocity accidents, ruptures are often associated with multiple organ injuries. The diagnosis is sometimes difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviscsurg.2018.10.005DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Reduction of resource utilization in children with blunt solid organ injury.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Feb 31;54(2):354-357. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, 100 North Mario Capecchi Drive, Suite 3800, Salt Lake City, UT 84113. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Nonoperative management of blunt solid organ injuries continues to progress and improve cost-effective utilization of resources while maximizing patient safety. The purpose of this study is to compare resource utilization and patient outcomes after changing admission criteria from a grade-based protocol to one based on hemodynamic stability.

Methods: A retrospective review of isolated liver and spleen injuries was done using prospectively collected trauma registry data from 2013 to 2017. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223468183072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.10.066DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads