157 results match your criteria Abdominal Stab Wound Exploration


Radiographic pneumoperitoneum following abdominal stab wound is not an absolute indication for mandatory laparotomy - A South African experience.

Injury 2021 Feb 2;52(2):253-255. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Department of Surgery, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa. Electronic address:

Introduction: Pneumoperitoneum on chest radiograph (CXR) following abdominal stab wounds (SW) is generally considered as surrogate evidence of viscus perforation and an absolute indication for laparotomy. The exact yield of this radiographic finding is unknown.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on all patients who presented with abdominal SW with no peritoneal signs but had pneumoperitoneum alone who underwent mandatory laparotomy from December 2012 to October 2020 at a major trauma centre in South Africa. Read More

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February 2021

Laparoscopic Management of Blunt and Penetrating Abdominal Trauma: A Single-Center Experience and Review of the Literature.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 Jan 11. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Saint-Pierre University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

Trauma is a leading cause of death in young patients. The prevalence of blunt and penetrating trauma varies widely across the globe. Similarly, the global experience with laparoscopy in trauma patients also varies. Read More

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January 2021

[Value of laparoscopy in blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma-a systematic review].

Chirurg 2020 Jul;91(7):567-575

Universitätsklinik für Allgemeine‑, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie, Hoppe-Seyler-Straße 3, 72076, Tübingen, Deutschland.

Background: The range of indications for laparoscopic procedures has been continuously widened in recent years. At the same time, however, the diagnostic and therapeutic role of laparoscopy in the management of blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma remains controversial.

Methods: A systematic literature search was carried out in PubMed from 2008 to 2019 on the use of laparoscopy in blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma. Read More

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Endoluminal closure of an unrecognized penetrating stab wound of the duodenum with endoscopic band ligation: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Oct;7(20):3271-3275

Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju-si 28644, South Korea.

Background: A penetrating injury of a hollow viscus is an obvious indication for an exploratory laparotomy, but is not typically an indication for endoscopic treatment.

Case Summary: A 27-year-old man visited the emergency department with a self-inflicted abdominal stab wound. Injuries to the colon and ileum were detected, but an injury to the second portion of the duodenum was missed. Read More

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October 2019

LAPRA-TY for laparoscopic repair of traumatic diaphragmatic hernia without intracorporeal knot tying.

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open 2019 29;4(1):e000334. Epub 2019 Jun 29.

Department of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Case Presentation: A 38-year-old man was brought in by ambulance as a trauma activation after sustaining a self-inflicted stab wound in the left upper quadrant with a kitchen knife. His primary survey was unremarkable and his vital signs were normal. Secondary survey revealed a 2 cm transverse stab wound inferior and medial to the left nipple. Read More

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Selective Management of Multiple Anterior Abdominal Stab Wounds: Is it Safe?

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 May;21(5):330-332

Department of Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel.

Background: Selective management of stable patients with anterior abdomen stab wounds (AASWs) has become a gold standard management approach throughout the world. Evidenced-based options for supporting selective management include clinical follow-up, local wound exploration with or without diagnostic peritoneal lavage, diagnostic laparoscopy, and abdominal computerized tomography. The presence of multiple AASWs might signify a more aggressive attack and limit the safety of a selective management approach. Read More

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[Comparison of laparoscopic exploration and exploratory laparotomy in the diagnosis and treatment of abdominal open trauma].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2019 Feb;31(2):178-181

Department of Acute Abdominal Surgery (General Surgery of Integrated Traditional Medicine and Western Medicine), First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116011, Liaoning, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical effect of laparoscopic exploration in the diagnosis and treatment of abdominal open trauma.

Methods: Patients with abdominal open trauma admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University from August to December in 2018 were enrolled. According to different exploration methods, 11 patients undergoing laparoscopic exploration were grouped into laparoscopy group and 20 patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy were grouped into laparotomy group. Read More

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February 2019

Is computed tomography tractography reliable in patients with anterior abdominal stab wounds?

Am J Emerg Med 2018 08 2;36(8):1405-1409. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Turkey.

Introduction: The current literature and guidelines recommend that determination of peritoneal violation is done first in cases of anterior abdominal stab wounds. The primary endpoint of this study was to determine the reliability of computed tomographic (CT) tractography to assess peritoneal violation in anterior abdominal stab wounds. The secondary endpoint is to compare local wound exploration between conventional CT and CT tractography in the evaluation of peritoneal violation. Read More

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Double Jeopardy in Penetrating Trauma: Get FAST, Get It Right.

World J Surg 2018 01;42(1):99-106

Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: In hypotensive patients with thoracoabdominal penetrating injuries, trauma surgeons often face a considerable dilemma, which cavities and when to explore. We hypothesized that the Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) would be accurate enough to determine the need and sequence of cavity exploration.

Methods: We conducted a 4-year retrospective study at a level 1 trauma center with high penetrating trauma volume. Read More

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January 2018

Diagnostic Accuracy of Abdominal wall Ultrasonography and Local Wound Exploration in Predicting the Need for Laparotomy following Stab Wound.

Emerg (Tehran) 2017 11;5(1):e34. Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Screening of patients with anterior abdominal penetrating trauma in need for laparotomy is an important issue in management of these cases. This study aimed to compare the accuracy of abdominal wall ultrasonography (AWU) and local wound exploration (LWE) in this regard.

Methods: This diagnostic accuracy study was conducted on ≥ 18 year-old patients presenting to emergency department with anterior abdominal stab wound and stable hemodynamics, to compare the characteristics of AWU and LWE in screening of patients in need of laparotomy. Read More

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January 2017

Management of penetrating abdominal and thoraco-abdominal wounds: A retrospective study of 186 patients.

J Visc Surg 2016 Aug 16;153(4 Suppl):69-78. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

Département de Chirurgie Digestive et de l'Urgence, CHU de Grenoble, 38043 Grenoble cedex 09, France.

This is a single center retrospective review of abdominal or abdomino-thoracic penetrating wounds treated between 2004 and 2013 in the gastrointestinal and emergency unit of the university hospital of Grenoble, France. This study did not include patients who sustained blunt trauma or non-traumatic wounds, as well as patients with penetrating head and neck injury, limb injury, ano-perineal injury, or isolated thoracic injury above the fifth costal interspace. In addition, we also included cases that were reviewed in emergency department morbidity and mortality conferences during the same period. Read More

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The role of laparoscopy in management of stable patients with penetrating abdominal trauma and organ evisceration.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2016 08;81(2):307-11

From the Department of Surgery, Sefako Makgatho Health Science University, Dr George Mukhari Academic Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Organ evisceration after penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) carries a high rate of significant intra-abdominal injuries. There is uniform agreement that organ evisceration warrants immediate laparotomy. Nonoperative management of stable asymptomatic patients with evisceration is associated with a high failure rate. Read More

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Serial Clinical Examinations of 100 Patients Treated for Anterior Abdominal Wall Stab Wounds: A Cross Sectional Study.

Trauma Mon 2015 Nov 23;20(4):e24844. Epub 2015 Nov 23.

Department of Surgery, Guilan Surgery Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.

Background: The current approach in stab wounds of the anterior abdominal wall is still unclear.

Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate serial clinical examinations of patients with abdominal wall stab wounds referred to Poursina Hospital in Rasht.

Patients And Methods: In a cross sectional study, 100 cases with stab wounds to the anterior abdominal wall were examined serially (admission time, 4, 8, 12, and 24 hours) after wound exploration. Read More

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November 2015

High Grade Penetrating Pancreatic Trauma - Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Chirurgia (Bucur) 2015 Nov-Dec;110(6):554-8

Introduction: The pancreatic injuries have fortunately a low frequency, but when present associate multiple intraabdominal lesions, and carry a significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to underline the significant morbidity associated with high grade pancreatic injuries.

Case Report: Female patient, 36 years old, with penetrating abdominal trauma due to domestic violence was referred to our center from a regional county hospital, after multiple laparotomies, hemodynamically unstable, with multiple organ failure. Read More

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Role of Laparoscopic Exploration Under Local Anesthesia in the Management of Hemodynamically Stable Patients with Penetrating Abdominal Injury.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2016 Jan 9;26(1):27-31. Epub 2015 Dec 9.

Department of General Surgery, Abassia Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University , Cairo, Egypt .

Background: In many trauma centers there is an ongoing controversy over the way of managing patients with penetrating abdominal injuries. This study was constructed to evaluate the role of diagnostic laparoscopy performed with local anesthesia for the management of penetrating abdominal injury.

Patients And Methods: Thirty hemodynamically stable patients with a penetrating stab wound in the anterior abdominal wall were included in this study after consent was obtained. Read More

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January 2016

Management of haemodynamically stable patients with penetrating abdominal stab injuries: review of practice at an Australian major trauma centre.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2016 Dec 1;42(6):671-675. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Trauma Service, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Introduction: The management of haemodynamically stable patients who present following a penetrating abdominal injury (PAI) remains variable between mandatory surgical exploration and more selective non-operative approaches. The primary aim of this study was to assess compliance with an algorithm guiding selective non-operative management of haemodynamically stable patients with PAI. The secondary aim was to examine the association between compliance and unnecessary laparotomies. Read More

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December 2016

[Self-inflicted penetrating stab wound in mentally unstable patient - a clinical approach].

Ugeskr Laeger 2015 Oct;177(44):V12140678

A mentally ill 46-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of a self-inflicted stab wound to the abdomen. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed and the peritoneum was found to be intact. She was discharged in good physical health the next day. Read More

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October 2015

Selective Nonoperative Management of Abdominal Stab Wounds.

Am Surg 2015 Oct;81(10):1034-8

Division of Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Stab wounds (SW) to the abdomen traditionally require urgent exploration when associated with shock, evisceration, or peritonitis. Hemodynamically stable patients without evisceration may benefit from serial exams even with peritonitis. We compared patients taken directly to the operating room with abdominal SWs (ED-OR) to those admitted for serial exams (ADMIT). Read More

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October 2015

Minimally invasive is maximally effective: Diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy for penetrating abdominal injuries.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2015 Jun;78(6):1076-83; discussion 1083-5

From Department of Surgery (T.D.B), Stanford University, Stanford, California; and Division of Trauma and Critical Care (P.J.C., S.L.M., D.R.F., N.K.I., J.J.F.), University of Nevada School of Medicine, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Background: Laparoscopic techniques have evolved, allowing increased capabilities within most subspecialties of general surgery, but have failed to gain traction managing injured patients. We hypothesized that laparoscopy is effective in the diagnosis and treatment of penetrating abdominal injuries.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing abdominal exploration following penetrating trauma at our Level 1 trauma center during a 6-year period from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2013. Read More

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Benefits of CT tractography in evaluation of anterior abdominal stab wounds.

Am J Emerg Med 2015 Sep 29;33(9):1188-90. Epub 2015 May 29.

Department of General Surgery, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey. Electronic address:

Introduction: The study aimed to identify the presence of peritoneal penetration in management of anterior abdominal stab wound by using computed tomography (CT) tractography.

Material And Methods: Hemodynamically stabile, CT tractography-performed patients who were admitted to our emergency clinic with anterior abdominal stab wounds between the years 2012 and 2014 were included in this study, and all images were evaluated in terms of peritoneal penetration and possible intra-abdominal injury.

Results: In the study CT tractography identified necessity of laparotomy accurately in 90% of the patients, and none of the patients without peritoneal penetration needed surgical treatment in their follow-up. Read More

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September 2015

Retained weapon injuries: experience from a civilian metropolitan trauma service in South Africa.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2015 Apr 1;41(2):161-6. Epub 2014 May 1.

Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, 3216, South Africa,

Introduction: Retained weapon (RW) injuries are uncommon, but there is no current consensus on the best management approach.

Methods: We reviewed our experience of 102 consecutive patients with non-missile RWs in a high-volume metropolitan trauma service managed over a 10-year period.

Results: Of the 102 patients, 95 were males (93%), 7 were females (7%), and median age was 24 (21-28) years. Read More

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Management of patients with evisceration after abdominal stab wounds.

Am Surg 2014 Oct;80(10):984-8

LAC+USC Medical Center, Division of Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

In the era of nonoperative management of abdominal stab wounds, the optimal management of patients with evisceration remains unclear. Furthermore, the role of imaging in guiding management of these patients has not been defined. Patients admitted to a Level I trauma center (2005 to 2012) with evisceration after an abdominal stab wound were retrospectively identified. Read More

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October 2014

Determining injuries from posterior and flank stab wounds using computed tomography tractography.

Am Surg 2014 Apr;80(4):403-7

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care and Burns, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

Unlike anterior stab wounds (SW), in which local exploration may direct management, posterior SW can be challenging to evaluate. Traditional triple contrast computed tomography (CT) imaging is cumbersome and technician-dependent. The present study examines the role of CT tractography as a strategy to manage select patients with back and flank SW. Read More

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Management of stab wounds to the anterior abdominal wall.

Rev Col Bras Cir 2014 Jan-Feb;41(1):75-9

Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

The meeting of the Publication "Evidence Based Telemedicine - Trauma and Emergency Surgery" (TBE-CiTE), through literature review, selected three recent articles on the treatment of victims stab wounds to the abdominal wall. The first study looked at the role of computed tomography (CT) in the treatment of patients with stab wounds to the abdominal wall. The second examined the use of laparoscopy over serial physical examinations to evaluate patients in need of laparotomy. Read More

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Do patients with penetrating abdominal stab wounds require laparotomy?

Arch Trauma Res 2013 1;2(1):21-5. Epub 2013 Jun 1.

Department of Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran.

Background: The optimal management of hemodynamically stable asymptomatic patients with anterior abdominal stab wounds (AASWs) remains controversial. The goal is to identify and treat injuries in a safe cost-effective manner. Common evaluation strategies are local wound exploration (LWE), diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL), serial clinical assessment (SCAs) and computed tomography (CT) imaging. Read More

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January 2014

Diagnostic laparoscopy after anterior abdominal stab wounds: worth another look?

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2013 Dec;75(6):1013-7; discussion 1017-8

From the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee.

Background: The National Institute of Medicine's report Hospital-Based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point highlighted the critical issue of emergency department overcrowding. At our institution, patients with anterior abdominal stab wounds (AASW) have been managed with a protocol that uses diagnostic laparoscopy (DL) after positive result on local wound exploration. Patients with negative DL result are eligible for discharge directly from the recovery room. Read More

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December 2013

Traumatic appendicitis: a case report and literature review.

World J Emerg Surg 2013 Aug 9;8(1):31. Epub 2013 Aug 9.

School of medicine and pharmacy of Fez, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, BP: 1893; km2,200, route de sidi Hrazem, Fez 30000, Morocco.

Appendicitis and trauma may exist together, which causes an interesting debate whether trauma has led to appendicitis. We report a case of appendicitis after an abdominal trauma. Our patient developed acute appendicitis following a stab wound in the right iliac fossa. Read More

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The management of penetrating abdominal trauma by diagnostic laparoscopy: a prospective non-randomized study.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2013 Jan;19(1):53-7

Department of General Surgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) has been traditionally treated by exploratory laparotomy (EL). The aim of our study was to examine the use of diagnostic laparoscopy (DL) in the management of hemodynamically stable patients with PAT.

Methods: A prospective study was performed to compare the outcomes of hemodynamically stable patients with suspected intra-abdominal injuries due to abdominal stab wounds who underwent either EL or DL. Read More

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January 2013