428,680 results match your criteria Abdominal Incisions and Sutures in Gynecologic Oncological Surgery


Comparison of overall survival and quality of life between patients undergoing anal reconstruction and patients undergoing traditional lower abdominal stoma after radical resection.

Clin Transl Oncol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

The Department of General Surgery, Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, No. 82, Cuiying Gate, Chengguan District, Lanzhou, 730030, Gansu, China.

Background: Miles procedure is often necessary for patients with low rectal carcinoma. However, this operation often affects the quality of life of patients, to evaluate the advantages of improved operation (anal reconstruction), the quality of life and survival between patients undergoing anal reconstruction and patients undergoing traditional lower abdominal stoma after radical resection were analyzed.

Methods: The clinical data of 43 patients with low situated rectal carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12094-019-02106-xDOI Listing

Paraduodenal hernias: a systematic review of the literature.

Hernia 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Third Department of Surgery, Attikon University Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Purpose: Paraduodenal hernias (PDH), also called mesocolic hernias, account for up to 53% of all internal hernias, but they cause only 0.2-0.9% of all cases of intestinal obstruction. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10029-019-01947-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-019-01947-3DOI Listing
April 2019
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Effect of metformin on clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, DEMPU, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background Hyperandrogenism with or without polycystic ovarian syndrome is seen in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D), especially those with suboptimal control. Objective To assess the effect of metformin on hyperandrogenism and ovarian function in adolescents with T1D. Methods This prospective study included 28 T1D females showing signs of hyperandrogenism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2018-0430DOI Listing

Pre-operative laparoscopic staging of gastric cancer in patients who are candidates for neo-adjuvant chemotherapy: A Cross Sectional Study.

Biomol Concepts 2019 Apr 16;10(1):68-72. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

General Physician, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the laparoscopic method in gastric cancer staging before surgery in patients undergoing Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods This was a cross-sectional study on patients with T3-T4 and node positive non-metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma who was candidates for neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. The patients were excluded from the study when they were not in the condition to continue the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bmc-2019-0008DOI Listing

Allicin attenuates pathological cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting autophagy via activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR and MAPK/ERK/mTOR signaling pathways.

Phytomedicine 2018 Nov 19;58:152765. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Pharmacology, Harbin Medical University-Daqing, Daqing, Heilongjiang 163319, China. Electronic address:

Background: Cardiac hypertrophy is an adaptive response of the myocardium to pressure or volume overload. Recent evidences indicate that allicin can prevent cardiac hypertrophy. However, it is not clear whether allicin alleviates cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting autophagy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.11.025DOI Listing
November 2018

OVOTESTICULAR DISORDER OF SEX DEVELOPMENT: A RARE CASE OF LATERAL SUBTYPE 45X/46XY KARIOTYPE DIAGNOSED IN ADULTHOOD.

Urology 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Endocrinology, Department of Translational Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy; Interdisciplinary Research Center of Autoimmune Diseases, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.

A 53-year-old male referred to our Centre because of hypergonadotropic hypogonadism detected during urological follow-up for urethral lithiasis. Physical Examination showed short stature, micropenis, ambiguous external genitalia, normal secondary sexual characteristics. Karyotype: 45 × 0/46XY. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.04.008DOI Listing

Lightweight Lead Aprons: The Emperor's New Clothes in the Angiography Suite?

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Port Road, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia; The University of Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Objective: The aim was to determine whether lead containing and lead free composite garments in current use provide the level of radiation protection stated by manufacturers.

Methods: Fifteen garments, produced by five different manufacturers using eight different composites, were randomly selected for testing from four hospitals in South Australia. Labelling, material composition, design, and condition of the garments were assessed by direct garment examination, garment label, and product information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2019.01.031DOI Listing

Elective Fenestrated and Branched Endovascular Thoraco-abdominal Aortic Repair with Supracoeliac Sealing Zones and without Prophylactic Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage: Early and Medium-term Outcomes.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Complex Aortic Team, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: To report the outcome of elective fenestrated and branch (FEVAR-BEVAR) endovascular aortic repair with supracoeliac (SC) sealing zones and the impact of staged repair without prophylactic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage on the incidence of spinal cord ischaemia (SCI).

Methods: Two hundred and seventy consecutive patients (217 men; mean [SD] age, 72.8 ± 6. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10785884183089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2018.12.012DOI Listing
April 2019
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Long term outcome after minimally invasive and open Warshaw and Kimura techniques for spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy: International multicenter retrospective study.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

General and Pancreatic Surgery Unit, Pancreas Institute, University of Verona Hospital, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: The Warshaw (WT) and the Kimura (KT) techniques are both used for open or minimally invasive (MI) spleen preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP). Multicenter studies on long-term outcome of WT and KT are lacking.

Methods: Multicenter retrospective study with transversal follow-up moment, including patients who underwent SPDP from 2000 to 2017 at three high-volume centers in Italy and the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Best Reporting Practices for Multipart CT Scans: A Pilot Evaluation and Construction of the Optimal Analysis Methodology.

J Am Coll Radiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Purpose: Communication failure between radiologists and referring physicians contributes to a substantial portion of medical errors. With a rising number of complex imaging orders and subspecialization among radiologists, the best method of reporting those results has yet to be evaluated. The aim of this study was to create, validate, and pilot a survey to reveal best practices for communication of radiologic findings, specifically addressing multipart CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2019.02.046DOI Listing

Leveraging Human Microbiome Features to Diagnose and Stratify Children with Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

J Mol Diagn 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Pathology and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Texas Children's Microbiome Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas; Department of Pathology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas; Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. Electronic address:

Accurate diagnosis and stratification of children with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remain challenging. Given the central role of recurrent abdominal pain in IBS, we evaluated the relationships of pediatric IBS and abdominal pain with intestinal microbes and fecal metabolites using a comprehensive clinical characterization and multiomics strategy. Using rigorous clinical phenotyping, we identified preadolescent children (aged 7 to 12 years) with Rome III IBS (n = 23) and healthy controls (n = 22) and characterized their fecal microbial communities using whole-genome shotgun metagenomics and global unbiased fecal metabolomic profiling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmoldx.2019.01.006DOI Listing

Diagnosis of pain in the right iliac fossa. A new diagnostic score based on Decision-Tree and Artificial Neural Network Methods.

Cir Esp 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Departamento de Cirugía, Hospital Universitario Arnau de Vilanova, Universidad de Lérida, Lérida, España.

Introduction: Pain in the right iliac fossa (RIF) continues to pose diagnostic challenges. The objective of this study is the development of a RIF pain diagnosis model based on classification trees of type CHAID (Chi-Square Automatic Interaction Detection) and on an artificial neural network (ANN).

Methods: Prospective study of 252 patients who visited the hospital due to RIF pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Modeling daily changes in organ-at-risk anatomy in a cohort of pancreatic cancer patients.

Radiother Oncol 2019 May 8;134:127-134. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Radiotherapy, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Purpose: To characterize daily geometrical variations of gastrointestinal organs with respect to pancreatic tumors, through a population-based statistical model.

Materials And Methods: The study included 131 CT scans from 35 pancreatic cancer patients treated with Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT). For each patient, day-to-day anatomical variations of the stomach, the duodenum and the bowel were assessed from the deformation vector fields (DVF) obtained by non-rigidly registering the contours of the fractions to the planning CT scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2019.01.030DOI Listing

The INTERACT Trial: Long-term results of a randomised trial on preoperative capecitabine-based radiochemotherapy intensified by concomitant boost or oxaliplatin, for cT2 (distal)-cT3 rectal cancer.

Radiother Oncol 2019 May 7;134:110-118. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Radiation Oncology Department, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, IRCCS, Aviano, Italy.

Background And Purpose: Capecitabine-based radiochemotherapy (cbRCT) is standard for preoperative long-course radiochemotherapy of locally advanced rectal cancer. This prospective, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial investigated two intensification regimens. cT4 lesions were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2018.11.023DOI Listing
May 2019
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A case report of an asymptomatic male child with multiple entero-enteric fistulae post multiple magnet ingestion.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 9;58:50-53. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Pediatric Surgery Department, Cairo University Specialized Pediatric Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Foreign body ingestion cases are very common in children. They usually present with obvious symptoms allowing proper diagnosis and management; however, magnet ingestion can be asymptomatic. This disorder is considered uncommon as well as challenging to diagnose before complications of intestinal obstruction or peritonitis occur due to entrapment of intestinal walls in the magnetic field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.03.043DOI Listing

Pancreatoduodenectomy in patient with perforated duodenal diverticulum and peritonitis: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 10;58:48-49. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Surgery, Summa Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio, United Staes; Northeastern Ohio Medical University, Roostown, Ohio, United Staes. Electronic address:

Introduction: Duodenal diverticula are quite prevalent in general population, seen on up to 5% of radiology studies and up to 22% of autopsy examinations.

Presentation Of The Case: 70 years old female was admitted to the hospital with epigastric pain, fevers and elevated white cell count. Abdominal CT scan demonstrated evidence of perforated duodenal diverticulitis which failed to improve with IV antibiotics. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.04.011DOI Listing
April 2019
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F-FDG PET/MR-imaging in a Göttingen Minipig model of atherosclerosis: Correlations with histology and quantitative gene expression.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Apr 9;285:55-63. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine & PET and Cluster for Molecular Imaging, Dept. of Biomedical Sciences, Rigshospitalet and University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The advantage of combining molecular and morphological imaging, e.g. positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI), is reflected in the increased use of these modalities as surrogate end-points in clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.04.209DOI Listing

TREO Aortic Endograft Demonstrates Significant Aneurysmal Sac Shrinkage.

J Surg Res 2019 Apr 17;241:48-52. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. Electronic address:

Background: Aneurysmal sac shrinkage is associated with successful aneurysm repair after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). There are a variety of approved aortic endografts, with a recent study demonstrating increased sac shrinkage in certain endografts compared with others. The TREO endograft (Terumo Aortic Ltd, Renfrewshire, Scotland, UK) is being evaluated for use in EVAR, with preliminary data demonstrating high rates of success. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00224804193016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.03.048DOI Listing
April 2019
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Association between preoperative adenomyosis detection rate during pelvic ultrasonography and the specialty of the reading physician.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To compare the detection rate of adenomyosis when ultrasound is performed by a radiologist compared to a gynecologic expert sonologist.

Design: A retrospective, single center study.

Setting: University teaching hospital PATIENTS: All women above 18 years of age with a positive histopathology diagnosis of adenomyosis obtained in a hysterectomy specimen from October 1, 2011 - October 1, 2017 were screened for inclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2019.04.015DOI Listing

Effect of Implantation Site on Outcome of Tissue-Engineered Vascular Grafts.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: Vascular prostheses for small caliber bypass grafts in cardiac and vascular diseases or for access surgery are still missing. Poly (Ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) has been previously investigated by our group and showed good biocompatibility and mechanical properties in vitro and rapid endothelialisation, cellular infiltration and vascularisation in vivo yielding optimal patency in the abdominal aortic position. The aim of the present study is to evaluate our PCL graft in the carotid position and to compare its outcome to the grafts implanted in the abdominal aortic position. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09396411193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2019.04.012DOI Listing
April 2019
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Endothelial B2-receptor overexpression as an alternative animal model for hereditary angioedema.

Allergy 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC), Robert-Rössle-Strasse 10, 13125, Berlin, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13836DOI Listing

Adipose Tissue CTGF Expression is Associated with Adiposity and Insulin Resistance in Humans.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Objective: Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is an important regulator of fibrogenesis in many organs. This study evaluated the interrelationship among adipose tissue CTGF expression, fat mass, and insulin resistance in humans.

Methods: This study examined (1) CTGF gene expression in human subcutaneous preadipocytes before and after inducing adipogenesis; (2) relationships among abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue CTGF gene expression, body fat mass, and indices of insulin sensitivity, including the hepatic insulin sensitivity index and the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp procedure in conjunction with stable isotope glucose tracer infusion, in 72 people who had marked differences in adiposity and insulin sensitivity; (3) localization of CTGF protein in subcutaneous adipose tissue; and (4) effect of progressive (5%, 11%, and 16%) weight loss on adipose tissue CTGF gene expression. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/oby.22463
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22463DOI Listing
April 2019
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Metabolic Risk Factors Associated with Visceral and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue in a Sex-Specific Manner in Seven-Year-Olds.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate how visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volumes were associated with metabolic risk factors in 7-year-old children.

Methods: A total of 81 children (52% girls) from a Swedish birth cohort were studied. At 6 years of age, anthropometric data, fasting insulin, glucose, cholesterol, and blood pressure were collected on 53 children with normal weight and 28 children with overweight or obesity, and insulin resistance was estimated. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/oby.22453
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22453DOI Listing
April 2019
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Trends in radiation dose and image quality for pediatric patients with a multidetector CT and a third-generation dual-source dual-energy CT.

Radiol Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

University Politecnica delle Marche, Via Tronto 10/A, 60126, Ancona, Italy.

Aim: To provide an overview on dose reduction and image quality after the installation of a third-generation dual-source CT (dsCT) in a Pediatric Radiology Department.

Materials And Methods: We included pediatric patients (< 20 years old) undergoing CT for oncological staging (neck, chest and abdomen) or low-dose chest CT for lung diseases. Each of these two groups were further divided in two age groups (≤ or > 10 years old) including patients scanned in the same period of two consecutive years, in 2017 with a 16-row LightSpeed CT (GE Healthcare) or in 2018 with a Somatom Force dsCT (Siemens Healthineers). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11547-019-01037-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11547-019-01037-5DOI Listing
April 2019
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Could long-term follow-up modify the outcomes after laparoscopic TAPP? A 5-year retrospective cohort study.

Hernia 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Abdominal Wall Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Alemán of Buenos Aires, Av. Pueyrredón 1640, AAT1118C, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Purpose: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) has demonstrated multiple benefits. However, long-term results regarding recurrence and quality of life (QoL) are still on debate. We aimed to analyze postoperative outcomes with long-term follow-up after LIHR. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10029-019-01953-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-019-01953-5DOI Listing
April 2019
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Imaging findings during and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Abdominal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Objective: Imaging plays a key role in the assessment of patients before, during, and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors. Intra-procedural and early post-procedure imaging with CT and MRI is vital to the assessment of technical success including adequacy of ablation zone coverage. Recognition of the normal expected post-procedure findings of hepatic cryoablation such as ice ball formation, hydrodissection, and the normal appearance of the ablation zone is crucial to be able to differentiate from complications including vascular, biliary, or non-target organ injury. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00261-019-01999-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01999-0DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Adjunctive therapy of intravenous colistin to intravenous tigecycline for adult patients with non-bacteremic post-surgical intra-abdominal infection due to carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Department of Microbiology, Fujita Health University, Aichi, Japan.

Post-surgical intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) due to carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) are difficult to treat due to suboptimal peritoneal penetrations of several antimicrobial agents. Tigecycline has favorable outcomes of treating IAIs due to multidrug-resistant organisms but occurrence of breakthrough bacteremia has been observed because this agent has low serum level. Colistin has in vitro activity against CRAB but data on treatment of IAIs is limited due to poor peritoneal penetration. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1341321X193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.03.017DOI Listing
April 2019
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Dietary calories and lipids synergistically shape adipose tissue cellularity during postnatal growth.

Mol Metab 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

DKFZ Junior Group Metabolism and Stem Cell Plasticity, German Cancer Research Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, Heidelberg 69120, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: The susceptibility to abdominal obesity and the metabolic syndrome is determined to a substantial extent during childhood and adolescence, when key adipose tissue characteristics are established. Although the general impact of postnatal nutrition is well known, it is not clear how specific dietary components drive adipose tissue growth and how this relates to the risk of metabolic dysfunction in adulthood.

Methods: Adipose tissue growth including cell proliferation was analyzed in juvenile mice upon dietary manipulation with in vivo nucleotide labeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2019.03.012DOI Listing

A comparative analysis of infection in patients with malignant cancer: A clinical pharmacist consultation study.

J Infect Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Oncology, Peking University International Hospital, Beijing 102206, China. Electronic address:

Background: Infection analysisamongst malignant cancer patients remains elusive. The objective of this study is to investigate the characteristics of both infection and anti-infection treatments in patients group with malignant cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively studied the clinical data of 148 patients with malignant cancer and 171 benign patients enrolled in the pharmacist consultation from April 2015 to April 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2019.03.021DOI Listing

Abdominal Lymphoma Presenting as Terminal Ileitis: A Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background: Most pediatric patients with lymphoma do not have classic symptoms of fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Lymphoma can present as vague symptoms and may mimic common pediatric abdominal emergencies. In this case report, we present a child who presented with abdominal pain and who was initially misdiagnosed as having a surgical emergency. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.03.004DOI Listing
April 2019
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Abdominal girth as an index of muscle tension during abdominal hollowing: Selecting the optimal training intensity for the transversus abdominis muscle.

J Biomech 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan, 53 Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan. Electronic address:

The abdominal hollowing technique is used for training the transversus abdominis (TrA). However, the optimal intensity of hollowing is still unclear. The objective of the present study is to verify the validity of estimating the tension of the TrA by measuring the girth of the abdomen with a tape and to determine the optimum intensity of hollowing to effectively train the TrA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.04.018DOI Listing

The dual-staged pathway for closure in cloacal exstrophy: Successful evolution in collaborative surgical practice.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Robert D. Jeffs Division of Pediatric Urology, James Buchanan Brady Urological Institutions, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Charlotte Bloomberg Children's Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: A successful abdominal wall and bladder closure is critical in the management of cloacal exstrophy (CE). This study examines closure outcomes and practices over the last 4 decades at the authors' institution. Beginning in 1995, the authors' institution standardized CE closure and management with the Dual-Staged Pathway (DSP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.005DOI Listing

Effects of auricular acupressure on obesity in adolescents.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 18;35:316-322. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: and purpose: Adolescent obesity has been increasing globally, and intervention is important. This study examined the effects of auricular acupressure on reducing obesity in adolescents.

Materials And Methods: Participants were 58 obese adolescents, divided into an experimental (n = 32) and a control group (n = 26). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17443881183046
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.03.014DOI Listing
May 2019
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Editorial Comment.

Authors:
Andrei S Purysko

Urology 2019 May;127:72-73

Section of Abdominal Imaging and Nuclear Radiology Department, Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.01.036DOI Listing

Papillary thyroid carcinoma presenting as a primary renal tumor with multiple pulmonary and bone metastases: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Apr 20;13(1):95. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Background: Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine malignancy. Distant metastasis from differentiated thyroid carcinoma is infrequent and the metastasis rate of papillary thyroid carcinoma is lower than that of follicular thyroid carcinoma. Distant metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinoma are usually seen in the lungs and bones; however, renal metastasis is very rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-2025-8DOI Listing

Abdominal vagal deafferentation alters affective behaviors in rats.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 7;252:404-412. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich-Vetsuisse, Zurich, Switzerland; Neuroscience Center Zurich, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: There is growing evidence for a role of abnormal gut-brain signaling in disorders involving altered mood and affect, including depression. Studies using vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) suggest that the disruption of vagal afferent signaling may contribute to these abnormalities. To test this hypothesis, we used a rat model of subdiaphragmatic vagal deafferentation (SDA), the most complete and selective vagal deafferentation method existing to date, to study the consequences of complete disconnection of abdominal vagal afferents on affective behaviors. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183197
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.015DOI Listing
April 2019
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Midgut volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in adults: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 4;58:41-44. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The incidence of midgut vovulus is rare in adults. However, a significant number of cases were seen in infant and children.

Presentation Of Case: We report a case of a 34-year-old male who presented to the emergency room with persistent periumbilical abdominal pain without any other symptoms. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.03.029DOI Listing
April 2019
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Submucosal mucoid as a late complication after appendectomy-A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 5;58:37-40. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Radiological Department, Klatovy Hospital, Plzeňská 929, 339 01, Klatovy II, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Shortly after an operation infection, intraabdominal abscess, seroma, haemorrhage or development of paralytic ileus may occur. Postoperative adhesions, nonspecific abdominal pain without signs of obstruction, incisional hernia and appendicitis or mucocele in appendiceal stump present common late complications. We present a unique case of a late complication after appendectomy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.03.051DOI Listing
April 2019
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[18F]fludeoxyglucose PET/CT in small-cell lung cancer: Analysis of the CONVERT randomized controlled trial.

J Thorac Oncol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Department of Clinical Oncology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Introduction: We used phase-3 CONVERT trial data to investigate the impact of fludeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC).

Methods: CONVERT randomized limited-stage SCLC patients to twice-daily (45Gy in 30-fractions) or once-daily (66Gy in 33-fractions) chemoradiotherapy. Patients were divided into 2 groups in this unplanned analysis: those staged with conventional imaging (contrast-enhanced thorax and abdomen CT and brain imaging with/without bone scintigraphy) and those staged with F-FDG PET/CT in addition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2019.03.023DOI Listing

Advanced Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: Do More Options Mean Greater Benefits?

J Clin Oncol 2019 Apr 19:JCO1900500. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

1 Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

A healthy 51-year-old woman presented with increasing abdominal and pelvic pain. Computed tomography imaging of the abdomen and pelvis showed an 11.6-cm pelvic mass, retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, right hydronephrosis, and mesenteric tumor deposits ( Fig 1A ). Read More

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https://ascopubs.org/doi/10.1200/JCO.19.00500
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.19.00500DOI Listing
April 2019
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Normothermic Machine Perfusion in Liver Transplantation: Avoiding Recooling Before Engrafting Is Feasible and Promising.

Liver Transpl 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Abdominal Surgery and Organ Transplantation Unit, Department for the Treatment and Study of Abdominal Diseases and Abdominal Transplantation, IRCCS-ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad Alta Specializzazione), Palermo, Italy.

It is well known that ischemia and the reperfusion process are distinct nonimmunological events that negatively impact graft outcome and induce delayed graft function, which are associated with high rates of organ failure, retransplantation, and death. Cooling the organ slows metabolism but does not prevent its progressive dysfunction and destruction of cellular integrity. On the other hand, in the reperfusion phase, the reactive oxygen metabolites cause leukocyte accumulation and therefore increased microvascular permeability and cellular injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lt.25473DOI Listing

Pfeiffer Syndrome Type 3 and Prune Belly Anomaly in a Female: Case Report and Review.

Fetal Pediatr Pathol 2019 Apr 19:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Center for Registry and Research in Congenital Anomalies (CRIAC), Service of Genetics and Cytogenetics Unit, Pediatrics Division, Dr. Juan I. Menchaca Civil Hospital of Guadalajara , Guadalajara , Jalisco , Mexico.

Background: Pfeiffer syndrome (PS) is an autosomal dominant entity characterized by craniosynostosis, broad thumbs, and preaxially deviated great toes. It is classified in three types depending on the severity. Type 1: Mild to moderate severity, Type 2: Severe presentation with cloverleaf skull, and Type 3: Severe craniosynostosis with prominent ocular proptosis. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15513815.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15513815.2019.1603256DOI Listing
April 2019
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A case of epilepsia partialis continua of abdominal muscles after brain tumor surgery.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 Apr;23(7):3001-3004

IRCCS "NEUROMED", Pozzilli (IS), Italy.

Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a rare form of focal motor status epilepticus characterized by continuous muscular twitches or jerks involving a limited part of the body, usually facial region and distal limb. Although the cerebrovascular disease is known to be one of the most common causes of this condition, other reported cases with predominant abdominal involvement have different aetiologies, including, tumors, focal cortical dysplasia, and central nervous system infections. No cases of epilepsia partialis continua of the abdominal wall occurred after brain surgery have been previously reported. Read More

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http://www.europeanreview.org/article/17581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201904_17581DOI Listing
April 2019
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MiR-543-3p promotes locomotor function recovery after spinal cord injury by inhibiting the expression of tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 in rats.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 Apr;23(7):2701-2709

Department of Spine Surgery, Jining No. 1 People's Hospital, Jining, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of miR-543-3p on the recovery of locomotor function after spinal cord injury (SCI) by regulating tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15) mediated inflammation and apoptosis.

Materials And Methods: Macrophages were isolated from the abdominal cavity of 2-3 months old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and cultured. The levels of miR-543-3p, tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15), TNF-like molecule 1A (TL1A) and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) after transfection of miR-92b-5p into activated macrophages were detected by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201904_17540DOI Listing

The Effect of Core Abdominal Muscle Rehabilitation Exercises on Return to Training and Performance in Horses After Colic Surgery.

J Equine Vet Sci 2019 Apr 25;75:14-18. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

We conducted a retrospective cohort study to test the hypothesis that performing 4 weeks of core abdominal rehabilitation exercises (CARE) postoperatively would be safe and associated with faster return to training and improved performance after colic surgery. Performance horses that recovered from colic surgery performed by the same surgeon and survived ≥ 1 year from 2008 to 2017 were included. Data were obtained from a review of medical records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2019.01.001DOI Listing

Epigenetic regulation of regulatory T cells in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm.

FEBS Open Bio 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Vascular Surgery, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Abdominal arterial aneurysm (AAA) shares many features with autoimmune diseases and appears to be a T-cell-mediated process. In addition, certain epigenetic changes, including DNA methylation, are associated with AAA. In this study, we investigated epigenetic modifications in regulatory T cells from AAA patients. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/2211-5463.12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2211-5463.12643DOI Listing
April 2019
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Remnant Gastric Cancer After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Narrative Review of the Literature.

Obes Surg 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biomedical Science for Health, Division of General Surgery Istitituto Clinico Sant'Ambrogio, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Background: The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is one of the most commonly performed procedures for surgical weight loss. It has been shown that overweight may be associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. However, the risk of remnant gastric cancer after RYGB has not been defined yet and the development of neoplasm in the excluded stomach remains a matter of concern. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11695-019-03892-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03892-7DOI Listing
April 2019
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Incidence and Risk Factors for Cholelithiasis After Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery Center, DIPRECA Hospital, Vital Apoquindo 1200, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Obesity and rapid weight loss after bariatric surgery (BS) are independent risk factors for development of cholelithiasis (CL), a prevalent disease in the Chilean population. This study aimed to determine the incidence of CL in obese Chilean patients 12 months after BS and identify risk factors for development of gallstones.

Methods: Retrospective study of patients who underwent BS in 2014. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11695-019-03760-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03760-4DOI Listing
April 2019
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Laparoscopic completion gastrectomy in elderly patients with remnant gastric cancer: a case series.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 17;5(1):63. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Surgery, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1, Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa, 230-8765, Japan.

Background: Open completion gastrectomy (OCG) has been selected to treat remnant gastric cancer (RGC) due to severe adhesions and difficulty recognizing anatomical orientation after primary gastrectomy. In general, elderly individuals' physiological reserves gradually decrease. Moreover, elderly patients (EPs) often have multiple complicating factors (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0610-0DOI Listing

Free-breathing 3-D quantification of infant body composition and hepatic fat using a stack-of-radial magnetic resonance imaging technique.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 300 UCLA Medical Plaza, Ste. B119, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Background: Body composition and hepatic fat correlate with future risk for metabolic syndrome. In children, many conventional techniques for quantifying body composition and hepatic fat have limitations. MRI is a noninvasive research tool to study body composition and hepatic fat in infants; however, conventional Cartesian MRI is sensitive to motion, particularly in the abdomen because of respiration. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-019-04384-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04384-7DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read