425,697 results match your criteria Abdominal Incisions and Sutures in Gynecologic Oncological Surgery


Unusual relapse of primary central nervous system lymphoma both inside and outside central nervous system in a patient with ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Lymphoma Division, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Science, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Background: Relapse of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) occurs primarily at the initial site, relapse outside central nervous system is very rare.

Case Description: We present the case of a 62-year-old immuno-competent man who underwent a stereotactic biopsy to diagnose PCNSL and subsequent placement of ventriculoperitoneal shunt for symptom relief in November 2012. He got complete remission after 6 cycles of high dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.277DOI Listing
February 2019

Abdominal versus Standard Placement of the Sacral Nerve Stimulator Implantable Pulse Generator.

Urology 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Urology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine patient factors prompting anterior abdominal wall placement of the sacral nerve stimulator implantable pulse generator and investigate revision and infection rates for buttock (standard) and abdominal placement.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records of consecutive sacral nerve stimulation procedures by a single surgeon from 2012-2017 at a single institution.

Results: 75 patients underwent sacral nerve stimulation - 60 with standard and 15 with abdominally placed implantable pulse generators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Robotic Pyelolithotomy for the Intact Removal of a Complete Staghorn Calculus: A Feasible Approach Even After a Previous Open Pyelolithotomy.

Urology 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Urology, Rush University Medical Center, Rush Professional Office Building, Suite 348, 1725 W Harrison St, Chicago IL 60612. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe the steps and technique of a robotic pyelolithotomy for complete removal of a left staghorn stone after a previous open pyelolithotomy.

Methods: The patient is placed in a left modified flank position with 4 laparoscopic ports placed: 12mm port for camera paramedian to the left of the midline, 8mm robotic port left lower quadrant at the level of the umbilicus, 8mm robotic port midclavicular line 2 finger breaths below the costal margin, 12mm Airseal assistant port paramedian infraumbilical. The white line of Toldt was incised and the colon was mobilized medially. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Adalimumab for patients with Crohn's disease complicated by intra-abdominal abscess: a multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study.

J Crohns Colitis 2019 Jan;13(Supplement_1):S616

Beaujon University Hospital, Gastroenterology, Clichy, France.

doi:10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy222 Abstract P528 from the 'Poster presentations' section of the main abstract book has been withdrawn and re-inserted as DOP63 in the 'Late-breaking abstracts' section. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjz045DOI Listing
January 2019

Malignant transformation of a chronic anorectal fistula.

Ann Ital Chir 2018 Oct 11;7. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Up to date, only a small number of carcinomas arising from a chronic anorectal fistula have been described in medical literature, especially in patients without Chron's disease. A 72-year-old man with a 6-year history of discharging perianal sinus without Crohn's disease arrived at our institution. He had previously undergone three surgical procedures in other institutions for incision and drainage of recurrent perianal abscesses. Read More

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October 2018

Efficacy of Antibiotic Agents after Spill of Bile and Gallstones during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Perforation of the gallbladder during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) results in spill of bile or gallstones in the abdominal cavity. The aim of this study was to assess whether antibiotic agents after spill have an effect on post-operative and infectious complications.

Patients And Methods: Operative reports and clinical data of patients undergoing LC between 2012 and 2016 in three hospitals were screened retrospectively for spill of bile and spill of gallstones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/sur.2018.195DOI Listing
February 2019

Urinary Myiasis Caused by from the Palestinian Territories.

Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2018 ;111(3):148-151

Director of Preventive Medicine Department, Palestinian Ministry of Health, Ramallah, Palestine.

This is the first record of a case of urinary myiasis in the Palestinian Territories caused by . Larvae were discharged through urine by a 28-year-old pregnant female whom complained of mild abdominal pain associated with burning sensation while urinating over the past 3 months. Detailed description of the larva was provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3166/bspe-2018-0037DOI Listing
January 2018

[Intestinal intussusception in adults, atypical and potentially dramatic].

Rev Med Liege 2019 Feb;74(2):68-70

Service de Chirurgie abdominale, sénologique, endocrine et Transplantation, CHU Liège, Belgique.

Intestinal intussusception is essentially a pediatric pathology that remains rare in adults. We report the case of a 67-year-old patient hospitalized for persistent painful abdominal attacks despite the completion of an almost exhaustive assessment. An entero-scanner will finally show the presence of ileal-ileal intussusception, which is the site of a monoclonal plasmablastic lymphoma and responsible for an upstream sub-obstruction. Read More

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February 2019

Association of Bisphenol A and Its Substitutes, Bisphenol F and Bisphenol S, with Obesity in United States Children and Adolescents.

Diabetes Metab J 2019 Feb;43(1):59-75

Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Background: Bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) are increasingly used as substitutes for bisphenol A (BPA), an environmental obesogen. However, health effects of BPF and BPS remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the associations of BPA, BPF, and BPS with obesity in children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0045DOI Listing
February 2019

Post-transplant metabolic syndrome in children: Know better to cure better.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 21:e13367. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Abdominal Transplantation and Hepatobiliopancreatic Surgery, Bambino Gesù Children's Research Hospital IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13367DOI Listing
February 2019

Efficacy, long-term safety, and impact on quality of life of elobixibat in more severe constipation: Post hoc analyses of two phase 3 trials in Japan.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019 Feb 21:e13571. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: In two phase 3 trials, elobixibat, a locally acting ileal bile acid transporter inhibitor, resolved constipation and was well tolerated in Japanese patients with chronic constipation. We analyzed the efficacy, safety, and impact on quality of life (QOL) of elobixibat in patients with symptomatically more severe constipation in the two phase 3 trials.

Methods: This post hoc analysis of elobixibat treatment outcomes included data from a 2-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial (10 mg/d), and a 52-week, open-label trial (5-15 mg/d) in subgroups with severe constipation defined as ≤2 spontaneous bowel movements (SBMs) and ≤3 Bristol Stool Form Scale score during the second week of the 2-week run-in period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13571DOI Listing
February 2019

Ischemic colitis due to antiphospholipid antibody syndrome.

Turk J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 9;19(1):36-38. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Introduction: Portal system ischemia may present insidiously which may aggravates the prognosis.

Case Presentation: A 26-year old man presented with watery diarrhea and generalized abdominal pain for 3 months. On physical examination, moderate splenomegaly was noticeable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjem.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370907PMC
January 2019

Use of posterior component separation and transversus abdominis release in trauma and emergency general surgery patients: a case report and review of the literature.

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open 2019 24;4(1):e000268. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.

Posterior component separation with transversus abdominis release and implantation of synthetic mesh in the retromuscular space is a durable type of repair for many large incisional hernias with recurrence rates consistently less than 10%. The purported advantage of biologic prostheses in contaminated fields has recently been challenged, and the concern for placing synthetic mesh in contaminated fields may be overstated. There are almost no data specifically addressing the use of this type of repair for chronic incisional hernias in trauma and emergency general surgery patients, so research is needed on this patient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tsaco-2018-000268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350719PMC
January 2019

The focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) in hypotensive injured patients frequently fails to identify the need for laparotomy: a multi-institutional pragmatic study.

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open 2019 24;4(1):e000207. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Background: The ability of focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) to detect clinically significant hemorrhage in hypotensive injured patients remains unclear. We sought to describe the sensitivity and specificity of FAST using findings at laparotomy as the confirmatory test.

Methods: Patients from the Prospective Observational Multicenter Major Trauma Transfusion (PROMMTT) study that had a systolic blood pressure < 90mm Hg and underwent FAST were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tsaco-2018-000207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350755PMC
January 2019

Syringomatous Tumour Presenting as Inversion of a Supernumerary Nipple.

Case Rep Pathol 2019 17;2019:9461815. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Pathology, Zealand University Hospital, Slagelse, Denmark.

Syringomatous tumour (SyT) is a rare type of benign locally infiltrative tumour with debated origin. Because of the growth pattern, SyT can be mistaken for a malignant tumour, and it is therefore important to keep this diagnosis in mind. This case presents a woman with two supernumerary nipples on each side of the abdomen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9461815DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354169PMC
January 2019

Hemoperitoneum after Ovulation in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2019 16;2019:7201650. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

SSM Cancer Care at St. Mary's Health Center, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Background: Three prior cases of hemoperitoneum associated with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) have been reported in adolescents. This reports a case of hemoperitoneum after ovulation in an adult.

Case: A 34-year-old nulligravida presented with abdominal pain after a heavy period and rebound tenderness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7201650DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354148PMC
January 2019

Spontaneous cholecystopleural fistula leading to biliothorax and sepsis in a cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2019 Jan-Jun;5(1):2055116919830206. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Case Summary: A 13-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat presented with pleural effusion and suspected triaditis. Intake vitals and leukocytosis were consistent with a diagnosis of systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Biochemical analysis confirmed a pleural fluid-to-serum bile ratio consistent with a diagnosis of biliothorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055116919830206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376519PMC
February 2019

International consensus on natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) for colorectal cancer.

Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) 2019 Feb 23;7(1):24-31. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Bejing, China.

In recent years, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) in the treatment of colorectal cancer has attracted widespread attention. The potential benefits of NOSES including reduction in postoperative pain and wound complications, less use of postoperative analgesic, faster recovery of bowel function, shorter length of hospital stay, better cosmetic and psychological effect have been described in colorectal surgery. Despite significant decrease in surgical trauma of NOSES have been observed, the potential pitfalls of this technique have been demonstrated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gastro/goy055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375350PMC
February 2019

Spontaneous regression of a sporadic intra-abdominal located desmoid-type fibromatosis.

J Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 12;2019(2):rjz037. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Surgery, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Background: Desmoid-type fibromatosis (DTF) is a rare benign proliferation of myofibroblasts with an unpredictable disease course. Treatment of intra-abdominal located DTF is difficult because of the close relationship with vital organs.

Case Presentation: A healthy young male presents with an asymptomatic palpable mass in the lower right abdominal quadrant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjz037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371851PMC
February 2019

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the lesser omentum: a case report and review of the literature.

J Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 12;2019(2):rjz035. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Surgery, Arita Gastrointestinal Hospital, Oita, Japan.

A 72-year-old woman visited our hospital for a routine health examination and underwent abdominal ultrasonography, which revealed an intra-abdominal tumor. Abdominal computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a well-defined solid mass of ~3 cm in diameter lying adjacent to the stomach. The mass was preoperatively diagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the stomach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjz035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371855PMC
February 2019

Combination of laparoscopy and endoscopy as an option for treatment patients with gastric neuroendocrine tumors.

J Surg Case Rep 2019 Jan 31;2019(1):rjz007. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

A.V. Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery, Ministry of Health, 27 B Serpuhovskaja Street, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Background: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are relatively rare neoplasms with the increasing survival due to the development of early diagnostics. There is no universal position in treatment and follow up of small (~20 mm) gastric NETs.

Clinical Cases: Two female patients 51 and 66 y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjz007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369447PMC
January 2019

Effectiveness and Tolerability of 3-Day Mebendazole Treatment of Infection in Adults and Children: Two Prospective, Open-Label Phase IV Trials.

Curr Ther Res Clin Exp 2018 30;89:43-47. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Cuban Institute of Gastroenterology, Havana, Cuba.

Background: is the most common intestinal pathogenic protozoan infection reported in humans. Both in vitro studies and 4 separate, sequential, comparative clinical trials conducted by our group in Cuba demonstrated mebendazole activity against infection in both children and adults.

Objective: The 2 additional, prospective, open-label, Phase IV follow-up studies reported here were performed to further assess the effectiveness and safety profile of mebendazole in the outpatient treatment of infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.curtheres.2018.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370949PMC
November 2018

Palliative splenic irradiation for symptomatic splenomegaly in non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Ecancermedicalscience 2018 13;12:887. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Introduction And Aims: Splenic marginal zone lymphoma, an uncommon subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), is usually present with symptomatic splenomegaly. Although splenectomy has long been considered the first-line therapy in symptomatic or cytopenic patients, it can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Splenic irradiation is an option for patients who have a poor response to systemic therapy and/or are not surgical candidates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2018.887DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351061PMC
December 2018

From a small local audit to a regional quality improvement project - Improving lung protective ventilation.

J Intensive Care Soc 2019 Feb 31;20(1):53-58. Epub 2018 May 31.

Academic Department of Critical Care, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Southwick Hill Road, Cosham, Portsmouth, UK.

Background: Lung protective ventilation with tidal volumes (V) of 6-8 ml per kg ideal body weight have been shown to reduce mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and reduce post-operative pulmonary complications in major abdominal surgery. Following a local audit on weight recording, the Southcoast Perioperative Audit and Research Collaboration (SPARC) conducted a regional multi-disciplinary survey on the current practice in lung protective ventilation in the Wessex region. This resulted in a quality improvement project improving lung protective ventilation across these intensive care units. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1751143718777165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376573PMC
February 2019

Involvement of PPARγ/FSP27 in the pathogenic mechanism underlying insulin resistance: tipping the balance between lipogenesis and fat storage in adult catch-up growth rats.

Nutr Metab (Lond) 2019 11;16:11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

3Department of Endocrinology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022 People's Republic of China.

Background: Catch-up growth in adult (CUGA) is characterized by visceral fat accumulation, ectopic lipid deposition and insulin resistance (IR). Here, we investigated the determinants of these pathophysiological consequences of CUGA.

Methods: Rats were divided into different groups: control rats were offered normal chow ad libitum (AL), while experimental rats were put on 4-week caloric restriction (CR) initially, followed by regaining weight-matched normal chow (RN) in the RN group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12986-019-0336-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371468PMC
February 2019

Successful Endoscopic Management of Double Iatrogenic Perforations Induced by Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography and Computed Tomography-Guided Colon Drainage.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2019 Jan-Apr;13(1):1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Departments of Internal Medicine, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a high-risk procedure with a significantly high rate of complications, such as pancreatitis, bleeding, perforation, and infection. Pancreatitis is the most common post-ERCP complication with an incidence of approximately 3.5%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381880PMC
January 2019

Retroperitoneal Hematoma: Rupture of Aneurysm in the Arc of Bühler Caused by Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2019 7;12:1179547619828716. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Gastroenterology, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Japan.

We herein report a case with aneurysm rupture in the arc of Bühler (AOB) caused by median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS). The patient experienced a sudden onset of upper abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an iso- to hyper-enhancing area mainly ranging from the dorsal aspect of the pancreatic head to the retroperitoneum around the right kidney. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179547619828716DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376540PMC
February 2019

Updated Opinion of the Uterus Commission of the Gynecological Oncology Working Group (AGO) and the Gynecological Endoscopy Working Group (AGE) of the German Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG) on the Randomized Study Comparing Minimally Invasive with Abdominal Radical Hysterectomy for Early-stage Cervical Cancer (LACC).

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2019 Feb 18;79(2):145-147. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Universitätsfrauenklinik der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

In this opinion on the randomized study comparing minimally invasive with abdominal radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer (LACC), the Uterus Commission of the Gynecological Oncology Working Group (AGO) and the Gynecological Endoscopy Working Group (AGE) of the Germany Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG) state that, based on their examination of the published data, patients with FIGO stage IA1 (with LVSI), IA2 or IB1 cervical cancer must be informed about the results of this LACC study prior to making a decision on the route for radical hysterectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0824-7929DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379161PMC
February 2019

The structural atrophy of the aneurysm wall in secondary expanding aortic aneurysms with endoleak type II.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Munich Aortic Center MAC, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has an age-dependent prevalence of 2% to 11% and is a leading cause of death in men aged >65 years if not treated surgically. Today, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is performed in up to 80% of elective cases and 60% of ruptured cases. Although EVAR improves perioperative, early, and midterm outcomes, it is associated with specific complications, especially endoleaks (ELs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.091DOI Listing
February 2019

Transforming growth factor β neutralization finely tunes macrophage phenotype in elastase-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm and is associated with an increase of arginase 1 expression in the aorta.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (Inserm), Unit 970, Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, Paris, France.

Objective: Macrophages play a critical role in the initiation and progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and are classically distinguished into M1 "proinflammatory" and M2 "anti-inflammatory" macrophages. Topical application of elastase associated with transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) systemic neutralization reproduces the main pathologic features of human AAA, offering a new model to investigate their role. The aim of this study was to investigate whether macrophages contribute to the expression of canonical M1/M2 markers in the aorta in the AAA model induced by elastase and systemic blockade of TGF-β and whether blocking of TGF-β activity affects macrophage phenotype and the expression of the M2 marker arginase 1 (ARG1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.09.045DOI Listing
February 2019

Forecasting aortic aneurysm rupture: A systematic review of seasonal and atmospheric associations.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Surgery, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) represent a significant burden of disease worldwide, and their rupture, without treatment, has an invariably high mortality rate. Whereas some risk factors for ruptured AAAs (rAAAs) are well established, such as hypertension, smoking, and female sex, the impact of seasonal and meteorologic variables is less clear. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine whether these variables are associated with rAAA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.09.030DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of antecolic versus retrocolic duodenojejunostomy on delayed gastric emptying after pyloric preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy in patients with periampullary tumors.

Asian J Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran.

Background/objective: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is one of the most frequent complications after pyloric preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of antecolic versus retrocolic reconstruction of gastroentric anastomosis on DGE after PPPD.

Methods: 30 patients with diagnosis of operable periampullary malignancies who candidate for PPPD, randomized in two equal groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.01.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Strategy for treatment of stage IV human epidermal growth factor 2-positive gastric cancer: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 22;13(1):42. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Surgery, Osaka Red Cross Hospital, 5-30 Fudegasakicho, Tennoji Ward, Osaka, 543-8555, Japan.

Background: The prognosis of stage IV gastric cancer and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-positive gastric cancer is poor, although new drugs and regimens have been developed. We report a case of a patient with stage IV HER2-positive gastric cancer treated successfully by conversion therapy and trastuzumab.

Case Presentation: The patient was a 73-year-old Japanese man diagnosed as L, type 3, circ, T4aNxCy1P1M1, stage IV (the Japanese classification of gastric carcinoma). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-2001-3DOI Listing
February 2019

The relationship between prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and body mass index and mid-abdominal circumference in men in a resource-poor community in Southeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Urol 2019 Feb 21;19(1):15. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: There is paucity of information on the community-based prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men who are 40 years and older in the southeast region of Nigeria. This study seeks to determine the community-based prevalence of LUTS and the relationship between LUTS, and body mass index (BMI) and mid-abdominal circumference (MAC) in men.

Methods: An interviewer-administered, questionnaire-based survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0444-xDOI Listing
February 2019

A hydrogel derived from acellular blood vessel extracellular matrix to promote angiogenesis.

J Biomater Appl 2019 Feb 21:885328219831055. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

3 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200127, China*These authors contributed equally to this work.

The biocompatibility and bioactivity of injectable acellular extracellular matrix nominates its use as an optimal candidate for cell delivery, serving as a reconstructive scaffold. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of preparing a blood vessel matrix (BVM) hydrogel, which revealed its pro-angiogenic effects in vitro and its therapeutic effects in an in vivo skin flap model. Aortic and abdominal aortic arteries from pigs were acellularized by Triton-X 100 and confirmed by hematoxylin and eosin and 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885328219831055DOI Listing
February 2019

Differences in Prognostic Factors and Recurrence Patterns after Curative-Intent Resection of Perihilar and Distal Cholangiocarcinomas.

Scand J Surg 2019 Feb 21:1457496919832150. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

2 Department of Transplantation and Liver Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background:: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma and distal cholangiocarcinoma arise from the same tissue but require different surgical treatment methods. It remains unclear whether these cholangiocarcinoma types have different outcomes, prognostic factors, and/or recurrence patterns.

Methods:: This retrospective study evaluated patients who underwent curative-intent resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma or distal cholangiocarcinoma at a tertiary academic hospital during 2000-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1457496919832150DOI Listing
February 2019

Irritable bowel syndrome: a review of the general aspects and the potential role of vitamin D.

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Jan 14:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Medical School of Marília , UNIMAR , São Paulo , Brazil.

Introduction: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a bowel disorder leading to symptoms such as abdominal pain, modifications in the motility and bowel habits, distention, bloating, and gas. Vitamin D (VD) may interfere in a plethora of cellular mechanisms, and act directly or indirectly in the regulation of the microbiome, the release of anti-microbial peptides, modulation of the immune system and inflammation processes; which in turn, may positively interfere with the altered gut function. The main purpose of this review was to survey studies involving the impacts of VD on IBS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2019.1570137DOI Listing
January 2019

Efficacy of Polydextrose Supplementation on Colonic Transit Time, Bowel Movements, and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Adults: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 20;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

DuPont Nutrition and Health, Danisco Sweeteners Oy. Sokeritehtaantie, Kantvik 02460, Finland.

The addition of fiber is one of the most important dietary means to relieve constipation through lifestyle modification. Polydextrose (PDX) has been reported in several studies to increase fecal bulk, soften stools, and increase the number of defecations. However, there are few studies on the effect of PDX on colonic transit time (CTT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020439DOI Listing
February 2019

A Pilot Study of Infrared Thermography Based Assessment of Local Skin Temperature Response in Overweight and Lean Women during Oral Glucose Tolerance Test.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 19;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica CNR, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

Obesity is recognized as a major public health issue, as it is linked to the increased risk of severe pathological conditions. The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate the relations between adiposity (and biophysical characteristics) and temperature profiles under thermoneutral conditions in normal and overweight females, investigating the potential role of heat production/dissipation alteration in obesity. We used Infrared Thermography (IRT) to evaluate the thermogenic response to a metabolic stimulus performed with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020260DOI Listing
February 2019

A new genus and a new species of pygmy mole cricket in Cretaceous amber from Burma (Orthoptera: Tridactylidae).

Zootaxa 2019 Feb 18;4559(1):193-195. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

College of Life Science, Leshan Normal University, Leshan 614004, China.

A new genus and a new species of pygmy mole cricket i.e. Paraxya gen nov. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4559.1.12DOI Listing
February 2019

New South American species of Crossopalpus Bigot (Diptera: Hybotidae: Tachydromiinae), including biogeographical insights and a reinterpretation of female abdominal tergite 10 in Drapetidini.

Zootaxa 2019 Feb 18;4559(1):111-135. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

PROTAX/CAPES Postdoctoral scholarship; Graduate Program in Entomology (PPG-Ent), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Av. André Araújo 2936, Petrópolis, CEP 69067-375, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil..

Crossopalpus is a rather diverse genus of tachydromiine flies, but regionally the genus is nowhere very speciose. Knowledge on the South American Crossopalpus before this paper included two described species from Andean related habitats, with several biomes from the eastern part of the continent being completely unexplored. Herein, we describe four new species of Crossopalpus from eastern South America, namely: C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4559.1.4DOI Listing
February 2019

Taeniothrips changbaiensis sp. n. (Thysanoptera, Thripidae) living on the leaves of a Poaceae species in China.

Zootaxa 2019 Feb 20;4559(2):314-320. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

College of Plant Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130062, China.

Taeniothrips changbaiensis sp. n. is described from specimens causing damage to the leaves of a species of Poaceae, Deyeuxia angustifolia, in Northeast China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4559.2.5DOI Listing
February 2019

A revision of the mealybug genus Scaptococcus McKenzie (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Pseudococcidae), with descriptions of the adult male and female of Scaptococcus occultans sp. n. from the southwestern United States, and the male of S. milleri McKenzie.

Zootaxa 2019 Feb 11;4554(2):386-400. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Plant Pest Diagnostic Center, California Department of Food and Agriculture, 3294 Meadowview Road, Sacramento, CA 95832-1448, U.S.A..

The adult female and male of Scaptococcus occultans sp. n. (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Pseudococcidae), a new mealybug species from the southwestern United States, are described and illustrated, as well as the male of S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4554.2.4DOI Listing
February 2019

Description of larva of Euphaea superba Kimmins, 1936 (Odonata: Zygoptera: Euphaeidae) from China.

Zootaxa 2019 Jan 21;4545(4):585-592. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu Province, 210095, PR. China.

The final stadium larva of Euphaea superba Kimmins, 1936 is described and illustrated based on a male and a female specimens collected in Zhejiang province, China. The larvae were associated with the adults by mtCOI gene sequence. The larva of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4545.4.9DOI Listing
January 2019

New genus and species of Delphacini (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) from a salt marsh in northern Chile.

Zootaxa 2019 Jan 22;4550(1):146-150. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

J.M. Perceval 10259, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile..

Salinesia atacamensis gen. et sp. nov. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4550.1.10DOI Listing
January 2019

A new Epeorus (Caucasiron) (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae) species from Turkey based on molecular and morphological evidence.

Zootaxa 2019 Jan 22;4550(1):58-70. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Faculty of Sciences, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.

Epeorus (Caucasiron) turcicus sp. nov. is described based on larvae from NE Turkey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4550.1.2DOI Listing
January 2019

Larval morphology of the water mite Forelia brevipes (Neuman, 1880) (Acari: Hydrachnidia: Pionidae).

Authors:
Petr V Tuzovskij

Zootaxa 2019 Jan 25;4550(3):433-438. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Yaroslavl Province, 152742 Russia..

The fauna of the genus Forelia collected in Russia currently includes six species: F. brevipes, F. diaphana (Croneberg, 1899), F. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4550.3.12DOI Listing
January 2019

Acute kidney injury induced by pneumoperitoneum pressure via a mitochondrial injury-dependent mechanism in a rabbit model of different degrees of hydronephrosis.

Urology 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of urology, Renmin hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To clarify the effect of mitochondrial injury during laparoscopic surgery of the kidney in different degrees of hydronephrosis in rabbit model.

Methods: A total of 90 rabbits were randomly allocated into three groups (groups PN, PM and PS, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Epid-based in vivo dose verification for lung stereotactic treatments delivered with multiple breath-hold segmented volumetric modulated arc therapy.

J Appl Clin Med Phys 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Medical Physics Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy.

We evaluated an EPID-based in-vivo dosimetry (IVD) method for the dose verification and the treatment reproducibility of lung SBRT-VMAT treatments in clinical routine. Ten patients with lung metastases treated with Elekta VMAT technique were enrolled. All patients were irradiated in five consecutive fractions, with total doses of 50 Gy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12538DOI Listing
February 2019

Surgical management of a perforated caecal carcinoma presenting as abdominal wall necrotizing fasciitis.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of General Surgical Specialties, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15108DOI Listing
February 2019