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The Role of Design and Training in Artifact Expertise: The Case of the Abacus and Visual Attention.

Cogn Sci 2018 06 23;42 Suppl 3:757-782. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego.

Previous accounts of how people develop expertise have focused on how deliberate practice transforms the cognitive and perceptual representations and processes that give rise to expertise. However, the likelihood of developing expertise with a particular tool may also depend on the degree to which that tool fits pre-existing perceptual and cognitive abilities. The present studies explored whether the abacus-a descendent of the first human computing devices-may have evolved to exploit general biases in human visual attention, or whether developing expertise with the abacus requires learning special strategies for allocating visual attention to the abacus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12611DOI Listing
June 2018
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