409 results match your criteria ARYA atherosclerosis[Journal]


Increased levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in coronary artery diseases.

Authors:
Yousef Rasmi

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):236

Professor, Cellular and Molecular Research Center AND Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368200PMC
September 2018

Pulsating mass following plain old balloon angioplasty on left anterior descending artery (LAD) via radial access.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):233-235

PhD Candidate, Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Trans-radial coronary intervention is a popular technique due to patient comfort and lower complication rate. The main complications of this method are artery spasm, vessel perforation, and formation of pseudo-aneurysm.

Case Report: In this report, an unusual complication of radial access angiography was encountered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368193PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

The estimate of average age at the onset of acute myocardial infarction in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis study.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):225-232

MSc Student, Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Research indicates that the age of onset of first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an essential element in the life expectancy that has been decreasing in developing countries. There are various studies performed in Iran reporting a range of ages at time of AMI. Thus, this meta-analysis study is designed to determine the mean age at first AMI in the Iranian population. Read More

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http://arya.mui.ac.ir/index.php/arya/article/view/1739
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1739DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368197PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Dill-normalized liver lipid accumulation, oxidative stress, and low-density lipoprotein receptor levels in high cholesterol fed hamsters.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):218-224

Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran.

Background: High lipid accumulation in hepatocyte and blood vessels can lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and heart diseases, respectively. These disorders are the main reasons of mortality in various countries. In this experiment, we evaluated the effect of leaf extracts of Anethum graveolens (AG), also known as Dill, and AG tablet on expression of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and liver lipid in hypercholesterolemic hamsters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368199PMC
September 2018

QT interval and P wave dispersion in slow coronary flow phenomenon.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):212-217

PhD Candidate, Medical Genetics Research Center, Basic Medical Sciences Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon is an angiographic finding which is defined as slow contrast passage through coronary arteries which may predispose patients to serious cardiac complications such as fatal arrhythmias. P-wave and QT-interval dispersion are electrocardiographic findings which are related to atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. In the present study, the relation between SCF and presence of P-wave and QT-interval dispersion in electrocardiography has been evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368196PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of cardiovascular risk factors among coronary artery bypass graft patients in 2010 and 2016: A single-center study in Guilan province, Iran.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):205-211

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: There has been a change in the risk factor profile of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in the western world. We sought to compare the risk factor profile of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in northern part of Iran in 2010 and 2016.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, medical records of 296 CABG patients in 2010 and 500 patients in 2016 were collected from a referral university hospital in Guilan province, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1740DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368195PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Patient competence in relation with medical and psychosocial characteristics in cardiology context: A cross-sectional study.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):196-204

Professor, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Growth of cardiovascular disease (CVD), variation in provision of medical services, rising costs, and increasing information availability through the media are making patients more actively involved in decision-making process of their treatment. The aim of this study was to better understand the components of patient competence in the context of coronary artery disease (CAD) and to further evaluate their relations with medical, demographic, and psychosocial characteristics.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 148 patients with at least one year diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were enrolled in the study from April to June 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1499DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368194PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Platelet indices and function response to two types of high intensity interval exercise and comparison with moderate intensity continuous exercise among men after coronary artery bypass graft: A randomized trial.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Sep;14(5):188-195

Associate Professor, Atherosclerosis Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: It has been indicated that the acute exercise increases the thrombotic events that stem from platelet hyper-reactivity. The present randomized controlled trial study was carried out with the aim to compare high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) with moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) in terms of platelet indices and function in patients who had undergone post coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).

Methods: 30 men with a history of CABG were recruited and divided into 3 groups (MICE, HIIE-1, and HIIE-2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i5.1780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368198PMC
September 2018
1 Read

The role of human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) in cardiovascular diseases: A review of literature.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jul;14(4):183-187

Associate Professor, Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Chronic inflammation is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis, and viral infections can cause cardiovascular disease by developing inflammation. Infection with human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is endemic in some parts of the world such as Japan, Africa, Caribbean islands, South America, and Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i4.1608DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312570PMC
July 2018
11 Reads

The effect of tadalafil on functional capacity and echocardiographic parameters in patients with repaired Tetralogy of Fallot.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jul;14(4):177-182

Pediatric Cardiology Fellow, Pediatric Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is one of the most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CHD) in children. Various surgical procedures including palliative shunts and TOF total correction (TFTC) were done with some complications, of which, the most common is pulmonary valve regurgitation (PR). Tadalafil is a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor which reduces pulmonary vascular resistance, and improves right ventricular function and vascular endothelium, and may have some beneficial effects after TFTC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i4.1561DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312565PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

The comparison of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio among rural women adults in the North of Iran, between the years 2004 and 2013.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jul;14(4):169-176

Student, Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

Background: Central obesity is a common health disorder, and the main objective of this study was to compare its changings among rural women in the north of Iran, between the years 2004 and 2013.

Methods: Two cross-sectional studies were established on the 2839 and 2478 subjects in 2004 (first stage) and 2013 (second stage), respectively. Among 118 villages, 20 were selected using random sampling; they were the same in two studies. Read More

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http://arya.mui.ac.ir/index.php/arya/article/view/1518
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i4.1518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312571PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Cardiovascular disease risk prediction among Iranian patients with diabetes mellitus in Isfahan Province, Iran, in 2014, by using Framingham risk score, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk score, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jul;14(4):163-168

General Practitioner, Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Risk assessment in clinical practice plays an important role in classifying population for appropriate preventive medicine for each category. Several multivariable risk predictor algorithms and inflammatory biomarkers are developed for assessing risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We aimed to depict a picture of the cardiovascular risk profiles in the Iranian population with diabetes mellitus (DM) through three risk predictors for the first time, as the patients with DM have an increased risk for CVDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i4.1685DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312566PMC
July 2018
7 Reads

The effect of resveratrol on expression of matrix metalloproteinase 9 and its tissue inhibitors in vascular smooth muscle cells.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jul;14(4):157-162

Clinical Biochemistry Research Center, Basic Health Sciences Institute, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Background: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is involved in extracellular matrix degradation and remodeling. An increase in MMP-9 expression by vascular component cells plays an important role in atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic substance, was suggested to play a role in preventing the progress of atherosclerotic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i4.1484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312567PMC

The relation between mortality from cardiovascular diseases and temperature in Shiraz, Iran, 2006-2012.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jul;14(4):149-156

Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Several studies have suggested that temperature may have an effect on the number of cardiovascular deaths in societies. Global warming is a concern, and cardiovascular diseases are the top cause of death worldwide. This study investigated the relation between temperature and cardiovascular mortality in Shiraz City, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i4.1341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312568PMC

The benefits of cardiac rehabilitation for patients with sleep apnea.

Authors:
Saeid Komasi

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jul;14(4):147-148

Department of Psychology, Cardiac Rehabilitation Center AND Department of Psychology, Lifestyle Modification Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i4.1798DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312569PMC

The importance of screening sleep disorders in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programs in Iran.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):145-146

Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital AND Lifestyle Modification Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1782DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191570PMC

Combined association of liver and renal injury by intra-aortic balloon pump malposition.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):142-144

Kermanshah Cardiovascular Research Centre, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: We report an unusual visceral complication of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) due to the malpositioning of the catheter in the aorta.

Case Report: A 55-year-old man with severe left ventricular dysfunction underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with the preoperative use of an intra-aortic balloon pump. Postoperative course was complicated by renal and hepatic failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1686DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191573PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Gerbode type defect after trans-septal puncture for ablation of left-sided accessory pathway.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):139-141

Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Trans-septal puncture (TSP) is a safe and effective method to approach left atrium and ventricle. Nowadays, cardiac electrophysiologists perform this procedure routinely to treat left-sided arrhythmias.

Case Report: A 45-year-old man was referred to our center due to Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1671DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191576PMC
May 2018
13 Reads

Physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and practice for hypertension management: A cross-sectional study in Hormozgan province, Iran.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):132-138

Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Education, School of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Background: Hypertension is a common risk factor for developing cardiovascular, brain, and kidney disorders; and today, it affects about one billion people worldwide. Insufficient clinical knowledge of the practitioners and family physicians and not following the guidelines has led to the improper control of hypertension. This study intended to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of general practitioners (GPs) about hypertension in Hormozgan province, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191572PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Transulnar versus transradial approach for coronary angiography and angioplasty: Considering their complications.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):128-131

Assistant Professor, Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Transulnar approach was introduced as an alternative procedure for transradial coronary angiography (CAG) due to its safety and feasibility. The present study was accomplished with the aim to compare major and minor complications of these two upper extremity approaches in the population under study.

Methods: In this prospective observational study, 216 patients who underwent CAG and/or angioplasty via radial (111 cases) or ulnar artery (105 cases) were observed and followed for 6 months and were evaluated for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), minor and major neurovascular events (access related) of the arm including paresthesia/pain, pseudoaneurysm, artery spasm, arterial occlusion, large hematoma, and necessity for amputation or emergency surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191571PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Serum interleukin-18 and extent of coronary artery disease in unstable angina.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):122-127

Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is an inflammatory marker with challenging role in atherosclerosis. The present study was carried out aiming to evaluate the association between IL-18 serum level and extent and severity of atherosclerosis among young patients with unstable angina (UA) who underwent coronary angiography.

Methods: This cross sectional study was performed from July to October 2015 in Chamran heart center, Isfahan, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191574PMC
May 2018
18 Reads

Association between sleep duration and electrocardiographic ischemic changes in middle-aged population: Isfahan Healthy Heart Program.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):115-121

Researcher, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Recent studies examining the association between sleep duration and cardiovascular disease (CVD) showed inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between self-reported night sleep duration and ischemic changes in electrocardiography (ECG).

Methods: We conducted this cross-sectional study on 3513 participants from Iranian middle-aged population as a part of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP), Isfahan, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1656DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191569PMC
May 2018
15 Reads

Bridging the theory-practice gap in Iranian emergency nursing education.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 May;14(3):105-114

Associate Professor, Medical Education Research Center AND Department of Medical Education, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: The theory-practice gap is one of the important challenges of treatment, health, and educational systems. It is affected by different factors like students, teachers, and the clinical environment. This gap has consequences for education, as well as the treatment and health services systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i3.1749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191575PMC
May 2018
13 Reads

Trifascicular block as primary presentation of the cardiac amyloidosis; A rare case report.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):101-104

Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.

Background: Amyloidosis is a severe systemic disorder produces by the accumulation of inappropriately amyloid deposition in tissues. Cardiac involvement, as a main type of amyloidosis, has a major impact on prognosis. We describe a biopsy-proven cardiac amyloidosis in an old man with unexpected presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087624PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Distal accesses in the hand (two novel techniques) for percutaneous coronary angiography and intervention.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):95-100

Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Trans-radial and trans-ulnar accesses have been practiced and recommended as default and alternative techniques for coronary angiography and angioplasty in recent years. In this study, we present new innovative approaches using more distal access points, i.e. Read More

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http://arya.mui.ac.ir/index.php/arya/article/view/1743
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1743DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087626PMC
March 2018
18 Reads

Effect of cardiac rehabilitation on inflammation: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):85-94

Assistant Professor, Psychosomatic Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) as an indicator of the inflammatory state and predictor of recurrent cardiovascular events.

Methods: PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar databases were searched up to January 2014 for original articles which investigated the effect of CR on CRP among adult patients with previous cardiovascular events. The random effects model was used to assess the overall effect of CR on the variation in serum CRP levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1489DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087630PMC
March 2018
13 Reads

Right ventricular (RV) echocardiographic parameters in patients with pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE).

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):78-84

Honours of Biology, York University, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a common disease with a high mortality rate, and a variable and nonspecific clinical presentation. To detect the nonspecific signs and symptoms associated with this condition, several right ventricular (RV) echocardiographic parameters have been proposed as practical marker.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 93 patients with PTE diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) angiography, and 57 patients with negative PTE based on CT angiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087629PMC
March 2018
15 Reads

Cardiac and renal fibrosis and oxidative stress balance in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in male rats.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):71-77

Professor, Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center AND School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Subclinical inflammation induced by persistent exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is found in some clinical conditions such as obesity or diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the effect of recurrent LPS exposure on inflammatory markers, oxidative stress balance and cardiac and renal fibrosis in male rats.

Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into control and LPS-treated. Read More

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http://arya.mui.ac.ir/index.php/arya/article/view/1550
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1550DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087628PMC
March 2018
10 Reads

Methods of sampling and sample size determination of a comprehensive integrated community-based interventional trial: Isfahan Healthy Heart Program.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):58-70

Professor, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: The aim of this study was describing the sampling methods and sample size of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) and its sub-studies in focus.

Methods: The IHHP was carried out between 2000 and 2007 in urban and rural areas in 3 districts, namely Isfahan and Najafabad (as the intervention areas), and Arak (as the reference area), Iran. It consisted of the 3 phases of baseline surveys during 2000-2001, interventions between 2002 and 2005, and post-intervention surveys during 2006-2007 on 4 target groups (adults, health professionals, cardiac patients, children, and adolescents). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1488DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087631PMC
March 2018
17 Reads

Periopathogens in atherosclerotic plaques of patients with both cardiovascular disease and chronic periodontitis.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):53-57

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Atherosclerosis and periodontitis are both chronic inflammatory diseases. Although a strong relationship between the two has already been established, the underlying mechanism is unknown. The present study was conducted aiming to detect the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1504DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087625PMC
March 2018
1 Read

The effect of different digoxin concentrations on heart tissue and antioxidant status in iron-overloaded rats.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Mar;14(2):46-52

PhD Candidate, Physiology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Thalassaemia is a hereditary disorder and has an economic burden on patients and the government. The most prevalent complication in these patients is iron overload which is followed by cardiomyopathy. Digoxin is considered as a treatment against heart failure in thalassaemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i2.1642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087627PMC

Off-center cardiac rehabilitation focused on extended emotional relationship and common health gains.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):44-45

Cardiac Rehabilitation Center, Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1708DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011845PMC
January 2018
1 Read

A rare case of spontaneous and simultaneous multivessel coronary artery spasm leading to multisite myocardial infarction and ventricular fibrillation.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):41-43

Researcher AND General Practitioner, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

Background: Coronary artery spasm (CAS) can result in life-threatening arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Although this disorder has been known for a long time, little is known about it, and its mechanisms have been not identified yet.

Case Report: We describe a 52-year-old woman with no significant cardiovascular risk factors who experienced several episodes of spontaneous and coincident multivessel coronary artery spasm, which led to myocardial infarction as well as malignant arrhythmias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011852PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Unusual management of parturient patient with severe bicuspid aortic valve stenosis and congestive heart failure.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):38-40

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Chamran Heart Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Critical aortic stenosis (AS) is an unusual cardiac pathology in pregnancy, but has significant impact on the fetal and maternal outcomes of pregnancy. Pregnant patients with aortic stenosis and heart failure represent a major challenge for the heart team and anesthesiologist who should balance the risks and benefits of different treatment strategies and their effects on the mother and fetus.

Case Report: We present a 26-year-old parturient who underwent cesarean section at 30 weeks of gestation under general anesthesia in the presence of cardiac surgical team followed by deferred aortic valve replacement after two weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1607DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011846PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Epicardial fat thickness and severity of coronary heart disease in patients with diabetes mellitus type II.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):32-37

General Practitioner, Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Clinical imaging studies have demonstrated a strong direct correlation between epicardial fat and abdominal visceral adiposity. There are several studies about positive correlation of epicardial fat and atherosclerotic coronary disease in general population. This study aimed to evaluate the association of epicardial fat thickness with atherosclerotic coronary disease in patients with diabetes mellitus type II. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1552DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011847PMC
January 2018
9 Reads

Comparison of the effect of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet with usual dietary advice on expression of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma gene in women: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):24-31

School of Nutrition and Food Sciences AND Food Security and Nutrition Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) which controls body weight, glucose homeostasis, and adipocyte differentiation is a valuable candidate gene for insulin resistance (IR). The present study aimed to compare the effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and usual dietary advice (UDA) on PPAR-γ gene expression in women at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: This randomized controlled trial was performed on 44 women aged 20-50 years at risk for CVD (BMI > 25 kg/m2 and low physical activity). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011851PMC
January 2018
23 Reads

Prediction of the ischemic origin of functional mitral regurgitation in patients with systolic heart failure through posterior mitral leaflet angle.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):17-23

Cardiovascular Research Center AND Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Differentiating ischemic from non-ischemic functional mitral regurgitationý (FMR) in patients with cardiomyopathy is important in terms of the therapeutic decision-making and prognosis, but might be clinically challenging. In this study, the deformation of mitral valve (MV) indices in the prediction of the etiology of FMR was assessed using 2D transthoracic and tissue Doppler echocardiography.

Methods: This case-control study was conducted from April 2015 to January 2016 in Imam Reza Hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011848PMC
January 2018
17 Reads

The relationship between serum vitamin D levels and ankle-brachial index in patients with metabolic syndrome.

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):11-16

Professor, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a prevalent condition in Iran and previous studies have shown that a low level of serum vitamin D is related to low ankle-brachial index (ABI). In the present study, the relationship of the serum level of vitamin D with ABI, as an index for atherosclerosis of peripheral arteries, was evaluated.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data on 91 patients with metabolic syndrome (Mets) from the Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) were analyzed in order to evaluate the association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D level and ABI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011850PMC
January 2018
1 Read

The effect of salusin-β on expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).

ARYA Atheroscler 2018 Jan;14(1):1-10

Professor, Isfahan Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center AND Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Atherosclerosis is one of the predominant causes of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Several studies indicated the significant pathophysiological role of salusin-β in atherosclerosis. Cytokines are involved in all stages of atherosclerosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/arya.v14i1.1602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011849PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

The evaluation of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with non-hemorrhagic stroke and atrial fibrillation.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Nov;13(6):299-303

Resident, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common tachyarrhythmia and an important risk factor for thromboembolic stroke. CHA2DS2-VASc score was introduced for assessment of embolic events and as criteria for starting anticoagulants. This study was performed to evaluate the left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in patients with non-hemorrhagic stroke and AF. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889922PMC
November 2017

Isolated double-orifice mitral valve in a young girl.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Nov;13(6):295-298

Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Double-orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is an extremely rare cardiac malformation. It has been found to be accompanied by congenital anomalies (CAs), however, it can be detected as an isolated anomaly. The clinical findings of a DOMV are variable and depend predominantly on the associated cardiac abnormalities, particularly atrioventricular septal defects or mitral valve (MV) regurgitation and/or stenosis. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889921PMC
November 2017

The relationship between shift work and Framingham risk score: A five-year prospective cohort study.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Nov;13(6):288-294

Physician of Search Disease, Worksite Follow-Up Unit, Occupational Health Center, Mobarakeh Steel Company, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: There is a small number of studies that considered the relationship between shift work (SW) and Framingham risk score (FRS). This study prospectively examined the association between SW and FRS among man workers based on the multilevel modeling approach.

Methods: This five-year prospective cohort study was done among workers (using stratified random sampling) who work in Esfahan's Mobarakeh Steel Company (EMSC), Iran, from March 2011 to February 2015. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889920PMC
November 2017
1 Read

The effect of atorvastatin treatment duration on oxidative stress markers and lipid profile in patients with coronary artery diseases: A case series study.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Nov;13(6):282-287

Young Researchers, Elite Club Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH), Shahr-e-Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The major aim of this study was evaluating the effect of atorvastatin treatment on thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), ferric reducing the ability of plasma (FRAP), small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL) and lipid profile in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.

Methods: This study was carried out on 83 patients with angiographically proven coronary artery stenosis (52 men and 31 women) at Shahid Madani Hospital, Khorramabad, Iran, in 2015. The patients were divided into the 3 groups. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889919PMC
November 2017

An investigation of the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation following open heart surgery.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Nov;13(6):274-281

PhD Candidate, Nursing and Midwifery Student Research Committee AND Department of Mental Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Breathing and living on mechanical ventilation develops a different feeling in patients. Most of such feelings and experiences are not pleasant and can lead to psychiatric disorders in the patients after they are detached from the ventilator. The aim of this study is to explore the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889918PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Air pollution and cardiovascular and respiratory disease: Rationale and methodology of CAPACITY study.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Nov;13(6):264-273

Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Considering the high level of air pollution and its impact on health, we aimed to study the correlation of air pollution with hospitalization and mortality of cardiovascular (CVD) and respiratory diseases (ResD) (CAPACITY) to determine the effects of air pollutants on CVD and ResD hospitalizations and deaths in Isfahan, Iran.

Methods: Hourly levels of air pollutants including particulate matter (PM), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3), information of CVD and ResD admissions and death certificate were obtained respectively from Department of Environment (DOE), Iran, hospitals and cemetery. Time series and case-crossover model were used to find the impact of air pollutants. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889917PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

miR-33 inhibition attenuates the effect of liver X receptor agonist T0901317 on expression of liver X receptor alpha in mice liver.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Nov;13(6):257-263

Professor, Physiology Research Center AND Department of Physiology, Afzalipour School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: microRNAs play pivotal roles in metabolism and other aspects of cell biology. microRNA-33 and liver X receptor (LXR) affect lipid metabolism and cholesterol trafficking. In this study, we evaluated effects of co-administration of miR-33 inhibitor and LXR activator on LXR-α and adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) expression in mice liver. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889916PMC
November 2017
4 Reads

Septal hematoma due to stent implementation in the septal course of the left anterior descending artery.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Sep;13(5):253-256

Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: The interventricular septal hematoma (IVSH) is a rare and potentially lethal finding. There are variously reported etiologies including instrumental damages during cardiac interventions. Although there are not enough studies available, conservative management is considered as a preferable approach in stable patients. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5774798PMC
September 2017
6 Reads

Effect of crocin, a carotenoid from saffron, on plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein and lipid profile in subjects with metabolic syndrome: A double blind randomized clinical trial.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Sep;13(5):245-252

Associate Professor, Pharmacological Research Center of Medicinal Plants, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Metabolic syndrome is defined by insulin resistance and a clustering of other cardiovascular risk factors. Crocin is a carotenoid derived from the stigmas of the saffron flower and had previously been shown to affect lipid profile. However, the mechanism for this function is not well understood. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5774797PMC
September 2017
10 Reads

Persian Registry Of cardioVascular diseasE (PROVE): Design and methodology.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Sep;13(5):236-244

Pediatric Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Our aim was to create and establish a database called "Persian Registry Of cardioVascular diseasE (PROVE)" in order to be used for future research and in addition, as a tool to develop national guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this paper, the design and methodology of the PROVE pilot study will be discussed, launched in Isfahan, Iran, in 2015-2016.

Methods: Through establishing PROVE, patients' data were collected from hospitals and outpatient clinics prospectively or retrospectively and followed up for a maximum of three years based on the type of CVDs. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5774796PMC
September 2017
9 Reads

Allopurinol prophylactic therapy and the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in high-risk patients undergoing coronary angiography: A prospective randomized controlled trial.

ARYA Atheroscler 2017 Sep;13(5):230-235

Nursing Research Center AND School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.

Background: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is considered to be a possibly severe complication of radiography and thus, remains to be the main cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) for inpatients. A clinical trial was executed to measure the preventive effect of allopurinol against CIN in high-risk patients undertaking coronary angiography.

Methods: Through randomized controlled trial, 140 patients with at minimum two risk factors of CIN, undertaking coronary angiography, were randomly allocated to the allopurinol (n = 70) or control group (n = 70). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5774795PMC
September 2017
2 Reads