10,992 results match your criteria ANZ Journal of Surgery[Journal]


The Australian Trauma Registry.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: Injuries are a major cause of disability and lost productivity. The case for a national trauma registry has been recognized by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care and at a policy level.

Background: The need was flagged in 1993 by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Australasian Trauma Society. Read More

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December 2018

Necrotizing fasciitis following colonoscopy in the setting of ulcerative colitis.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Peninsula Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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December 2018

Maternal body mass index and smoking during pregnancy do not affect the proportional sexual dimorphism for birth weight- an analysis of the German Perinatal Survey.

Anthropol Anz 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Male sex has been reported as a risk factor for perinatal mortality. It can be hypothesized that smoking during pregnancy and low maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) would lead to a higher proportion of growth restricted male compared to female newborns. The objective of the study was to analyze sex-specific differences in birth weight related to smoking and maternal BMI. Read More

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December 2018

Ibrutinib plus obinutuzumab versus chlorambucil plus obinutuzumab in first-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (iLLUMINATE): a multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Sarah Cannon Research Institute/Tennessee Oncology, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: Both single-agent ibrutinib and chlorambucil plus obinutuzumab have shown superior efficacy to chlorambucil monotherapy and are standard first-line treatments in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. We compared the efficacy of the combination of ibrutinib plus obinutuzumab with chlorambucil plus obinutuzumab in first-line chronic lymphocytic leukaemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma.

Methods: iLLUMINATE is a multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial done at 74 academic and community hospitals in Australia, Canada, Israel, New Zealand, Russia, Turkey, the EU, and the USA in patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukaemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma, either aged 65 years or older or younger than 65 years with coexisting conditions. Read More

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November 2018

The present ecological situation of mankind - analysis and consequences.

Authors:
Carsten Niemitz

Anthropol Anz 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Institute for Forensic Human Biology, Postbox 12 16, 23873 Mölln, Germany.

As the number of human individuals increases on a planet of invariable size and measures, the ecological conditions vary to a corresponding extent. Quite a number of biotic and abiotic factors are a matter of daily news as well as of current scientific discussions. In this contribution, eleven ecological fields concerning human life are analysed: • area available with respect to various competing utilisations, • fresh water needed as drinking water, for industrial processes and for irrigation as well as for other human purposes, • food production, nutrition and related aspects, • required fossil and regenerative energies, • atmosphere and climate, • marine ecology and fisheries, • human waste and ecological aftereffects, • the ecological functions of forests for human life, • biodiversity, • the Ecological Footprint, and • the development of human population increase. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

What's left on the list? 'Just a hernia...'

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1225-1226

Department of Surgery, Counties Manukau Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

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December 2018
1 Read

Biases and the surgeon.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1221

Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Clinical School, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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December 2018

Response to Re: Effect of a See and Treat clinic on skin cancer treatment time.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1356-1357

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

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December 2018
1 Read

25, 50 & 75 years ago.

Authors:
John P Harris

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1228-1230

Editor-in-Chief.

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December 2018

New Zealand surgeons mimic the All Blacks.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1223-1224

Department of Surgery, The University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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December 2018

Corrigendum.

Authors:

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1357

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December 2018

Refining the management of acute appendicitis: towards improving cost efficiencies.

Authors:
Ian C Bennett

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1222-1223

Department of Surgery, The University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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December 2018
3 Reads

Index acute cholecystectomy: what's the problem?

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1226-1227

Department of Surgery, The University of Auckland, Middlemore Hospital, Counties Manukau District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand.

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December 2018

Re: Omental infarction: a case of a whole omental infarct.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1356

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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December 2018

Referees.

Authors:

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec;88(12):1358-1360

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December 2018

Wrong way go back: lessons learned from a misguided chest drain.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

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December 2018
1 Read

International publication trends in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery: emergency compared to oncology.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: There is growing interest in publishing trends given the increasing amount of research publication across various specialities. Studies relating to hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery show an oncological focus compared to benign, emergency and trauma.

Methods: Analysis of ISI JCR impact factors in the Web of Knowledge and the Scimago Journal Rank through Scopus was performed to select four readily available, relevant and frequently read journals from the surgery category. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Validation of data submitted by the treating surgeon in the Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality (VASM), Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: The Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality (VASM) seeks to peer review all deaths associated with surgical care in Victoria, Australia. The effectiveness of the VASM as an educational and quality improvement tool is dependent on the accuracy of source data it receives. We aimed to examine the accuracy and quality of source data provided by the treating surgeon for peer review, and the inter-rater concordance level between the external validator findings and the treating surgeon. Read More

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November 2018

Pancreaticoduodenectomy with right gastric vessels preservation: impact on intraoperative and postoperative outcomes.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Surgery, Léon Bérard Cancer Center, Lyon, France.

Background: Sympathetic denervation of the antropyloric area combined with relative devascularization from division of the right gastric vessels (RGV) during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) could predispose to delayed gastric emptying (DGE). Therefore, some authors advocated for RGV preservation (RGVP), where feasibility and utility for the prevention of post-operative DGE have never been investigated.

Methods: From 2011 to 2014, patients who underwent classic Whipple PD (CWPD, n = 34), standard pylorus-preserving PD (PPPD, n = 44) or PPPD with RGVP (n = 22) were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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November 2018

Bile duct resection for eosinophilic cholangitis.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary and Transplantation Unit, Austin Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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November 2018
1 Read

Strategy for discriminating cholesterol and premalignancy in polypoid lesions of the gallbladder: a single-centre, retrospective cohort study.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Background: The present study aimed to assess the risk factors of cholesterol and premalignancy in polypoid lesions of the gallbladder (PLGs) and to establish an appropriate treatment strategy.

Methods: Data from patients who underwent cholecystectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, between January 2011 and July 2017, were collected retrospectively.

Results: A total of 1561 patients were included in the present study. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Appendiceal-tie syndrome: acute appendicitis causing mechanical small bowel obstruction managed laparoscopically.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of General Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

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November 2018

Neoadjuvant therapy in rectal cancer: how are we choosing?

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Surgery and Anaesthesia, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.

Background: Neoadjuvant therapy has revolutionized the management of rectal cancer; however, there is a need to examine the factors driving neoadjuvant treatment allocation. This study aimed to describe patterns of treatment allocation for patients with rectal cancer at our institution and identify predictors for receiving neoadjuvant therapy, and for choice of short- or long-course therapy.

Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of 122 patients undergoing surgical resection for rectal cancer with curative intent, between 1 November 2012 and 31 October 2017. Read More

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November 2018

Inner ear and retrocochlear pathology on magnetic resonance imaging for sudden and progressive asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Otolaryngology, The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: In sudden and asymmetrical progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is required to evaluate retrocochlear pathology and, with recent advances in MRI techniques, inner ear pathology. Given the limited literature regarding inner ear pathology associated with SNHL, we aimed to assess the incidence of retrocochlear and inner ear pathology, and congenital malformation on MRI in sudden SNHL (SSNHL) and progressive SNHL.

Methods: A total of 987 acoustic neuroma (AN) protocol MRI internal acoustic meatus studies performed at our institution to investigate SNHL between January 2013 and December 2015 inclusive were identified. Read More

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November 2018

Fatal flaws in clinical decision making.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Discipline of Surgery, The University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Clinical decision making is a core competency of surgical practice, involving a continuous and evolving process of data interpretation and evaluation. The aim of this article is twofold. First, to recognize patient deaths where a clinical incident arose following unsatisfactory clinical decision making, determining where in the clinical decision-making process each failure occurred. Read More

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November 2018

Primary omental torsion.

Authors:
Vipul D Yagnik

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of General Surgery, Ronak Endo-Laparoscopy and General Surgical Hospital, Patan, India.

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November 2018

Rare presentation of a Bochdalek hernia in adulthood with incarcerated splenic flexure of the colon mimicking diverticulitis: a report and review.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Surgery, St George Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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November 2018
1 Read

Uncommon splenic mass with a distinctive appearance.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Pathology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Terni, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

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November 2018

Comparison of outcomes between hip fracture patients with concurrent upper limb injuries and patients with an isolated hip fracture.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Statistics, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Concurrent upper limb injuries can occur with hip fractures, and its incidence and effect on outcomes are unclear. The objective of this study was to review the number and types of upper limb injuries sustained by patients with hip fractures, and investigate how acute hospital stay, rehabilitation and patient outcomes are affected.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 820 patients with traumatic fracture of the hip over the age of 50. Read More

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November 2018

Mesenteric Meckel's diverticulum: an intra-abdominal surprise.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Surgery, SSR Medical College, Belle Rive, Mauritius.

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November 2018

Glove change to reduce the risk of surgical site infection or prosthetic joint infection in arthroplasty surgeries: a systematic review.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Orthopaedics, North Shore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Microbiological contamination of surgical gloves occurs during surgery, which may warrant glove change during orthopaedic surgeries. However, no systematic review of this topic has previously been published. Therefore, this review evaluated whether changing gloves during arthroplasty surgeries reduces the risk of surgical site infection/prosthetic joint infection (SSI/PJI) and the optimal frequency of glove change. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads
1.118 Impact Factor

Surveys still teach vital non-technical lessons in General Surgery.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Colorectal Surgery Unit, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Institute of Academic Surgery, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

In general surgery, observational studies are disregarded and often seen as non-noteworthy research. We intend to defend the use of surveys in general surgery and colorectal surgery. This review highlights the historical importance and contemporary utility of surveys internationally and in our region, thus reminding Australasian surgeons and clinicians in numerous disciplines of the usefulness of this research tool. Read More

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November 2018

Anterolateral thigh versus pectoralis major flaps in reconstruction of the lateral temporal bone defect.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Free tissue reconstruction is reliable in suitable patients but patient selection remains a challenge for the reconstructive surgeon. The anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap and pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) are two common reconstructive options for a lateral temporal bone resection defect. The threshold at which free tissue reconstruction should be considered over locoregional reconstruction is not defined. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Complete resection of colorectal cancer with ovarian metastases combined with chemotherapy is associated with improved survival.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Surgery, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Background: Ovarian metastases (OM) from colorectal cancer (CRC) are uncommon, and data about optimal management are lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the management and outcomes of patients with OM from CRC.

Methods: A retrospective review of records of patients with a histopathological diagnosis of OM from CRC who were treated at Christchurch Hospital between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2016. Read More

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November 2018

Combined use of Kirschner wires and hinged external fixator for capitellar and trochlear fractures: a minimum 24-month follow-up.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Open reduction and internal fixation is the adequate treatment for capitellar and trochlear fractures. Given the low incidence of this type of fractures, it is difficult to constitute a universally accepted method for fixation. Thus, we hypothesised that combined use of Kirschner wires (K-wires), absorbable rods and sutures for fixation and post-operative hinged external fixator for early rehabilitation exercise can restore elbow joint function well. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Surgical ultrasonography at the bedside: a comparison of surgical trainees with trained sonographers for symptomatic cholelithiasis - a first Australian experience.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery Unit, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Symptomatic cholelithiasis accounts for a significant burden of emergency general surgical presentations in Australia and the Western population. Access to hepatobiliary ultrasonography to facilitate diagnosis can lead to delays in timely treatment. Surgical ultrasonography at the bedside (SUB) can mitigate this barrier to patient care. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Aortic saddle embolism following pneumonectomy for synovial sarcoma of lung.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of General Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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November 2018

Spontaneous biliary peritonitis and retroperitoneal biloma: an unusual presentation of a common disease.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Monash Medical Centre, Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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November 2018
1 Read

Solitary colorectal liver metastasis after curative intent surgery: prognostic factors affecting outcomes and survival.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Institute of Innovative Cancer Research, and Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic factors affecting recurrence and survival in patients who underwent curative intent surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC) with a single liver metastasis.

Methods: Between January 2006 and August 2012, we retrospectively evaluated 141 patients for CRC with single liver metastasis underwent curative intent surgery for colon and liver simultaneously. Some patients (11. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Acute Liver Failure Admitted to Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Units.

Intern Med J 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Intensive Care, Austin Health, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Knowledge about patients with Acute Liver Failure (ALF) in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) is lacking. We hypothesised that the pattern of disease would be similar to previous studies and that, despite low transplantation rates, mortality would be comparable.

Methods: We obtained data from the ANZ Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database and the ANZ Liver Transplant Registry for ten years commencing 2005 and analysed for patient outcomes. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Emerging Orthobiologic Techniques and the Future.

Clin Sports Med 2019 Jan;38(1):143-161

Andrews Institute, Andrews Research and Education Foundation, 1040 Gulf Breeze Parkway, Gulf Breeze, FL 32561, USA. Electronic address:

The future of orthopedic surgery appears to be intimately associated with the development of orthobiologics to facilitate healing and the treatment of multiple disease processes. The orthopedic community should understand developmental processes to ensure that products are adequately studied and the effects are fully known before widespread implementation in the clinical setting. Technologies that embrace this paradigm will impact the field the most. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Advanced Fabrication of Single-Crystal Diamond Membranes for Quantum Technologies.

Micromachines (Basel) 2018 Mar 25;9(4). Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Fachrichtung Physik, Universität des Saarlandes, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.

Many promising applications of single crystal diamond and its color centers as sensor platform and in photonics require free-standing membranes with a thickness ranging from several micrometers to the few 100 nm range. In this work, we present an approach to conveniently fabricate such thin membranes with up to about one millimeter in size. We use commercially available diamond plates (thickness 50 μ m) in an inductively coupled reactive ion etching process which is based on argon, oxygen and SF 6 . Read More

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autopsy to confirm cardiac structures visible on computed tomography images of Korean mummies: the radiological basis of paleo-cardiology.

Anthropol Anz 2018 Dec;75(4):339-350

Lab of Bioanthropology, Paleopathology and History of Diseases, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 103, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea.

Accurate interpretation of radiological data is important for reliable paleopathological study of mummies. This is especially true for the mummified heart, an anatomically complicated organ that is distorted and displaced due to long-term dehydration and the action of gravity. In the present study, we compared autopsy results for mummified hearts of differing preservation statuses with corresponding radiological (computed tomography [CT]-image) findings in order to obtain information necessary for accurate radiological diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

The association of psychosomatic health with physical status and lifestyle factors in adolescence.

Anthropol Anz 2018 Dec;75(4):279-290

Department of Biological Anthropology, Eotvos Lorand University, 1117 Budapest, Pazmany P. s. 1/c, Hungary , , ,

The main purposes were to analyse the age pattern of experiencing psycho-somatic complaints in children; to study the influence of physical status and lifestyle factors on psycho-somatic status. The sample (n: 13,331, aged 7-18) represented a subsample of the 2 Hungarian National Representative Growth Study. Subjects were divided into underweight, normal, preobese and obese subgroups. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

A time of change: dietary reconstruction of the Merovingian cemetery of Norroy-le-Veneur, France.

Anthropol Anz 2018 Dec;75(4):325-338

Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Viničná 7, 128 43, Praha 2, Czech Republic.

The aim of this work was to analyse the diet of a Merovingian population sample of 80 individuals buried at Norroy-le-Veneur, France, with regard to their social status and chronology. A carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis of human adult bone collagen and related fauna from the same cemetery showed a diet based primarily on C plants, supplemented with animal protein in a range comparable to other contemporary sites. No significant contribution of C plants (e. Read More

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December 2018

Pre-treatment wait time for head and neck cancer patients in Western Australia: description of a new metric and examination of predictive factors.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Surgical Division, Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Prolonged pre-treatment wait times in head and neck cancer are associated with increased morbidity and reduced survival. Traditional metrics exclude delays prior to biopsy, which represents an important and measurable period of time. This study aims to describe total wait time for head and neck cancer patients in our institution, to define a more accurate representation of the clinically relevant pre-treatment wait time, and to evaluate predictive factors for prolonged wait times. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Management of in-transit melanoma metastases: a review.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Division of Cancer Surgery, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

In-transit metastases (ITM) of cutaneous melanoma are locoregional recurrences confined to the superficial lymphatics that occur in 3.4-6.2% of patients diagnosed with melanoma. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Isolated bone marrow metastases of colorectal adenocarcinoma.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Austin Clinical School, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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November 2018

Emergency presentations of acute biliary pain: changing patterns of management in a tertiary institute.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec 9;88(12):1337-1342. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

HPB and Transplant Unit, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Acute biliary pain is the most common presentation of gallstone disease. Untreated patients risk recurrent pain, cholecystitis, obstructive jaundice, pancreatitis and multiple hospital presentations. We examine the outcome of implementing a policy to offer laparoscopic cholecystectomy on index presentation to patients with biliary colic in a tertiary hospital in Australia. Read More

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December 2018
9 Reads

Randomized controlled trial of probiotic use for post-colonoscopy symptoms.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Symptoms of bloating, discomfort and altered bowel function persist post-colonoscopy in up to 20% of patients. A previous randomized controlled trial of probiotics for post-colonoscopy symptoms has demonstrated a reduction in duration of pain with the use of probiotics. This was performed with air insufflation and the question was asked whether the effect would persist with the use of carbon dioxide to insufflate the colon. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads