228 results match your criteria AIMS public health[Journal]


Does growing up at high altitude pose a risk factor for type 2 diabetes?

AIMS Public Health 2019 6;6(1):96-98. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Laboratory of molecular and chemical biology of neurodegeneration, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.96DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433616PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Psychometric properties of the workplace psychologically violent behaviors-WPVB instrument. Translation and validation in Greek Health Professionals.

AIMS Public Health 2019 27;6(1):79-95. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

University of Peloponnese, Department of Nursing, Laboratory of Integrated Health Care, Sparta, Greece.

Background: Mobbing exerts severe psychological and occupational effects on the victim. This study aims to validate the Yildirim & Yildirim's Workplace Psychologically Violent Behaviors (WPVB) instrument (2008) in the Greek language in Greece, as cultural variations may result in significantly different perceptions of mobbing.

Methodology: A translation process of the WPVB questionnaire scale was followed from the English to the Greek version and a review by a team of experts for its content validity took place, as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.79DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433618PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The effects of migration on the practice and perception Female Genital Cutting (FGC) among the Horn of Africa's immigrants in Melbourne Australia.

AIMS Public Health 2019 26;6(1):67-78. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, USA.

This research examines the effects of migration on the practice and perception of Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting (FGM/C) among Horn of Africa immigrants in Melbourne Australia. According to UN 2016 report, on (FGM/C), there are at least 200 million girls and women alive today globally that have undergone some of form of FGM/C. The same report highlights that most of these practices are concentrated in parts of Africa, Middle East and South Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.67DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433612PMC
February 2019

Discordance between lifestyle-related health behaviors and beliefs of urban mainland Chinese: A questionnaire study with implications for targeting health education.

AIMS Public Health 2019 20;6(1):49-66. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: Morbidity and mortality in China are increasingly associated with lifestyle behaviors, e.g., smoking, poor nutritional choices, and physical inactivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433611PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Population insight of the relationship between lifestyle and cancer: A population-based survey.

AIMS Public Health 2019 23;6(1):34-48. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical sciences, Jouf University, Skaka, KSA.

Background: There is a substantial rise in the incidence of cancer in Saudi Arabia. Life style models and lack of awareness are the prime suspect in this substantial increase. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between lifestyle and cancer in a population-based Survey in Northern Saudi Arabia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433614PMC
January 2019

Clusters of alcohol abstainers and drinkers incorporating motives against drinking: a random survey of 18 to 30 year olds in four cities in four different continents.

AIMS Public Health 2019 17;6(1):15-33. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Behavioural Sciences, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin-Nigeria.

Objective: The aim of this analysis was to identify alcohol consumption clusters for adolescents and early adults according to attitudes to drinking, motivations against drinking and perceptions associated with alcohol.

Method: Interviews were undertaken with people aged 18-34 years old living in four cities in different regions of the world. Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia)). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433617PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Marijuana use among adolescents is associated with deleterious alterations in mature BDNF.

AIMS Public Health 2019 17;6(1):4-14. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

School of Integrated Science and Humanity, Florida International University, Miami, USA.

Background: With increases in marijuana use and legalization efforts, it is imperative to establish its impact on the developing brain. Therefore, we investigated whether exposure to marijuana alters brain derived neurotropic-factor (BDNF), given its critical role in brain development and plasticity. We then examined whether onset age of cannabis use was associated with more severe changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433615PMC
January 2019

Predicting emerging and re-emerging disease outbreaks through internet search trends: An analysis from India.

AIMS Public Health 2019 7;6(1):1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, C-5/12, HIHT campus, Dehradun.

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433613PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Correction: Comparison of school day eating behaviours of 8-11 year old children from Adelaide, South Australia, and London, England: Child eating behaviours in South Australia and England.

AIMS Public Health 2018 3;5(4):477-482. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds; Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

[This corrects the article on p. 394 in vol. 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.477DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323001PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Years of healthy life lost due to adverse pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among adolescent mothers in Thailand.

AIMS Public Health 2018 7;5(4):463-476. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, THAILAND.

Background: Preventing adolescent pregnancy and childbirth is one of the targets of Sustainable Development Goals. Measuring the burden pregnancy and childbirth places on adolescents is required to convince society and decision makers that this is an important goal.

Objective: This study aimed to estimate (1) the years of healthy life lost due to adolescent pregnancy and childbirth in terms of disability adjusted life years (DALYs), (2) the contribution of adolescent pregnancy and childbirth to the total DALYs lost from all reproductive ages, and (3) the magnitude of the burden due to five main direct obstetric causes and sequelae in adolescent mothers in Thailand in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322997PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Differences in quality of life among college student electronic cigarette users.

AIMS Public Health 2018 3;5(4):454-462. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Population and Public Health Sciences, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore an association between e-cigarette use and Quality of Life (QOL) among college students.

Methods: During February 2016, 1,132 students completed an online survey that included measures of tobacco use and the WHOQOL-BREF instrument. Differences were tested using Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, and ANOVA, and regression was used to assess possible relationships. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.454DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323002PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Type 2 diabetes markers in indigenous Argentinean children living at different altitudes.

AIMS Public Health 2018 16;5(4):440-453. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Exposure to hypoxia at high altitude is increasingly being recognized as a risk factor for metabolic diseases.

Objective: To determine the association between Type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk factors and altitude in two groups of Argentinean indigenous schoolchildren who live permanently at different altitudes.

Methods: This cross-sectional study compared 142 schoolchildren from San Antonio de los Cobres (SAC), 3750 m above sea level, with 171 from Chicoana (CH), 1400 m. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322993PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

The feasibility of a theory-based self-regulation intervention in schools to increase older adolescents' leisure time physical activity behavior.

AIMS Public Health 2018 9;5(4):421-439. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University, Newfoundland, Canada.

The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of a theory-based self-regulation intervention to increase older adolescents' leisure time physical activity (LTPA) behavior. Forty-nine adolescents (M = 15.78 years; SD = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322992PMC
November 2018

Voluntary nutrition guidelines to support healthy eating in recreation and sports settings are ineffective: findings from a prospective study.

AIMS Public Health 2018 8;5(4):411-420. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Healthy Populations Institute, Dalhousie University, PO Box 15000, 1318 Robie Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2 Canada.

Interventions to support healthy eating among populations are needed to address diet-related chronic disease. Recreation and sport settings are increasingly identified as ideal settings for promoting overall health, particularly for children, through creation of environments that support positive health behaviours. These publicly funded settings typically support health through physical activity promotion. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322998PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Comparison of school day eating behaviours of 8-11 year old children from Adelaide, South Australia, and London, England: Child eating behaviours in South Australia and England.

AIMS Public Health 2018 25;5(4):394-410. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds; Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

Objective: School food intake makes a considerable contribution to children's overall diet, especially fruit and vegetable intake. Comparing differing school food provision systems can provide novel insights for intervention and improved nutrition policy. This study compared school day food in children from Australia and England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322996PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Occupational exposures and associated risk factors among U.S. casino workers: a narrative review.

AIMS Public Health 2018 10;5(4):378-393. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA.

We conducted a narrative literature review of U.S. casino occupational health and safety research based on the following inclusion criteria: 1) focused on workers, 2) provided information pertaining to exposures present in the occupational environment (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322994PMC
October 2018

Examining EMTALA in the era of the patient protection and Affordable Care Act.

AIMS Public Health 2018 8;5(4):366-377. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Health Management and Policy, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, 3215 Market Street, Nesbitt Hall, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Background: Little is known regarding the characteristics of hospitals that violate the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA). This study addresses this gap by examining EMTALA settlements from violating hospitals and places these descriptive results within the current debate surrounding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Methods: We conducted a content analysis of all EMTALA Violations that resulted in civil monetary penalty settlements from 2002-2015 and created a dataset describing the nature of each settlement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.366DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322999PMC
October 2018

Biological occupational allergy: Protein microarray for the study of laboratory animal allergy (LAA).

AIMS Public Health 2018 9;5(4):352-365. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Associated Centers for Molecular Allergology, Rome, Italy; Center for Molecular Allergology, IDI-IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Laboratory Animal Allergy (LAA) has been considered a risk for the workers since 1989 by the NIOSH. About one third of the Laboratory Animal Workers (LAWs) can manifest symptoms to LAA as asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and cutaneous reactions. The prevalence of LAA-induced clinical symptoms has been estimated with a great variability (4-44%) also due to the different methodologies applied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322995PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Is obesity associated with decreased health-related quality of life in school-age children?-Results from a survey in Vietnam.

AIMS Public Health 2018 21;5(4):338-351. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Hanoi University of Public health, 1A Duc Thang street, North Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: Overweight and obesity have short-term and long-term effects on children's physical and mental health. These conditions currently have a tendency to increase among Vietnamese school children.

Aims: This study aimed to assess the quality of life among 8-10 year-old children in Vietnam. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323000PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Assessment of levels of awareness towards blood donation in Saudi Arabia.

AIMS Public Health 2018 4;5(3):324-337. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

College of Medicine, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia.

Background: blood products is an interesting term as all blood and blood transfusion procedures carry risk even with advance screening of donors and donated blood. In Saudi Arabia voluntary donors are either the only source or not, the other source is paid donors and the lack of volunteers represents a major challenge. This is usually attributed to low community awareness regarding voluntary blood donation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141551PMC
September 2018
16 Reads

Paternal race/ethnicity and risk of adverse birth outcomes in the United States, 1989-2013.

AIMS Public Health 2018 16;5(3):312-323. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, USA.

Objectives: Investigate adverse birth outcomes in the United States (US) from 1989-2013 in relation to paternal and maternal race/ethnicity.

Design: We used US natality data for singleton births to women 15-44 with information on birthweight, gestational age, and covariates (n = 90,771,339). We calculated unadjusted and adjusted probabilities of preterm birth (PTB, < 37 weeks gestation) and small for gestational age (SGA, < 10 percentile) among all combinations of maternal and paternal race/ethnicity: non-Hispanic black (NHB), non-Hispanic white (NHW), Hispanic, and Asian, and where paternal race/ethnicity was missing. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.312DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141552PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Behavioral risk factor clusters among university students at nine universities in Libya.

AIMS Public Health 2018 10;5(3):296-311. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Unit for Health Promotion Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9-10, 6700 Esbjerg, Denmark.

Objectives: This study identifies and describes the clustering of 5 behavioral risk factors (BRFs) among university students. We also investigated whether cluster membership is associated with the students' self-rated academic performance and self-rated health.

Material And Methods: A sample of 1300 undergraduates at 6 universities and 3 colleges in Libya completed a self-administered questionnaire that assessed BRFs (nutrition, physical activity, alcohol consumption, smoking, illicit drug use, inadequate sleep). Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141555PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Review of the prevalence of postnatal depression across cultures.

AIMS Public Health 2018 20;5(3):260-295. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professional (NMAHP) Research Unit, University of Stirling Scotland, United Kingdom.

The purpose of this review was to examine articles related to recent epidemiological evidence of the prevalence of maternal postnatal depression (PND) across different countries and cultures and to identify specific epidemiological studies that have been carried out exclusively in Malaysia on the prevalence of maternal PND. The review was undertaken in two stages, an initial review and an updated review. At both stages systematic literature searches of online databases were performed to identify articles on the prevalence of maternal PND. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141558PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Criterion scores, construct validity and reliability of a web-based instrument to assess physiotherapists' clinical reasoning focused on behaviour change: 'Reasoning 4 Change'.

AIMS Public Health 2018 6;5(3):235-259. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.

'Reasoning 4 Change' (R4C) is a newly developed instrument, including four domains (D1-D4), to assess clinical practitioners' and students' clinical reasoning with a focus on clients' behaviour change in a physiotherapy context. To establish its use in education and research, its psychometric properties needed to be evaluated. The aim of the study was to generate criterion scores and evaluate the reliability and construct validity of a web-based version of the R4C instrument. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141557PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Impact of online, video-based wellness training on Girl Scout leaders' wellness promotion self-efficacy, intention, and knowledge: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

AIMS Public Health 2018 6;5(3):225-234. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, 212 Justin Hall, 1324 Lovers Lane, KS 66506, United States.

To examine the effectiveness of tailored, online, video-based training on Girl Scout troop leaders' wellness promotion self-efficacy, intention, and knowledge regarding physical activity and fruit and vegetable practices during troop meetings. Randomized controlled trial. Thirty Girl Scouts leaders were randomized to control (CON; = 16) or intervention (INT; = 14) conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141553PMC

Emergency department performances during overcrowding: the experience of the health protection agency of Brianza.

AIMS Public Health 2018 29;5(3):217-224. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Health Protection Agency of Brianza (Italy), Viale Elvezia n.2 Monza (MB) 20900.

Hospital emergency departments (ED) can contribute to improve health outcomes and reduce costs of health care system. This study evaluated ED admissions during a twelve months period, analyzing characteristics of patients who underwent to emergency care in order to understand factors involved in ED overcrowding and promote adequate management. This retrospective study analyzed a twelve months window, with in-depth focus on December/January when almost all EDs reported overcrowding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141554PMC

The prevalence of malnutrition based on anthropometry among primary schoolchildren in Binh Dinh province, Vietnam in 2016.

AIMS Public Health 2018 26;5(3):203-216. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Quy Nhon University, Vietnam.

Objective: The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of malnutrition based on anthropometry among primary schoolchildren in Binh Dinh province, Vietnam.

Material And Methods: This was a school-based cross-sectional survey using random sample technique with multistage process. Variables in malnutrition were classifed as thinness, stunting, underweight, overweight, and obesity based on z-scores according to the World Health Organization (WHO) (2007). Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141556PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Beliefs and Practices of Patients with Diabetes toward the Use of Herbal Therapy.

AIMS Public Health 2017 4;4(6):650-664. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Faculty of Nursing, Al-AlBayt University, Jordan.

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of using herbal therapy and the beliefs toward the use of this type of therapy among patients with diabetes. It also aimed to identify the significant predictors of these beliefs and the factors that increase the likelihood of using herbal therapy. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.6.650DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111267PMC
January 2018

The Prevalence of Underweight, Overweight/Obesity and Their Related Lifestyle Factors in Indonesia, 2014-2015.

AIMS Public Health 2017 26;4(6):633-649. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Department of Research & Innovation, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa.

Objective: To quantify the prevalence of underweight and overweight or obesity and its related factors (socio-demographic, health behavior, health status) in a national adult population in Indonesia.

Material And Methods: In a national cross-sectional population-based survey in 2014-15 in Indonesia, 29509 adults (median age 41.0 years, Inter Quartile Range = 22. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.6.633DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111269PMC
December 2017

Fear, Risk, and the Responsible Choice: Risk Narratives and Lowering the Rate of Caesarean Sections in High-income Countries.

AIMS Public Health 2017 26;4(6):615-632. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Department of Sociology and the Canadian Institute of Substance Use Research, University of Victoria, Victoria BC, Canada.

In Canada, as elsewhere in the world, caesarean sections are the most common surgical procedure performed in hospitals annually. Recent national statistics indicate 28% of infants in Canada are born by c-section while in the United States that number rises to 33%. This is despite World Health Organization recommendations that at a population level only 10-15% of births warrant this form of medical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.6.615DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111264PMC
December 2017

Trends and Determinants of Child Growth Indicators in Malawi and Implications for the Sustainable Development Goals.

AIMS Public Health 2017 30;4(6):590-614. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

College of Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Malawi, Blantyre 30096, Malawi.

Sustainable development goals (SGD) 2 links malnutrition, morbidity and child mortality to stunting, wasting and overweight among children under-5 years of age. Sub-Saharan Africa still registers high nutritionally insecure people. In particular, Malawi has made modest progress in improving nutritional outcomes; and still experiences a number of structural challenges leading to negative nutritional outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.6.590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111268PMC
November 2017

HBCUs and the Production of Doctors.

AIMS Public Health 2017 27;4(6):579-589. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Seattle University, 90112th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98122-1090, USA.

An important issue facing the world of medicine and health care is the field's lack of diversity, especially regarding African American doctors. African Americans made up 6% of all physicians in the U.S. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2017.6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.6.579DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111265PMC
November 2017
13 Reads

Tea Party Health Narratives and Belief Polarization: the Journey to Killing Grandma.

AIMS Public Health 2017 27;4(6):557-578. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA.

In the past decade the U.S. public has expressed varying degrees of skepticism about certain factual claims, and of "expertise" more broadly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.6.557DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111266PMC
November 2017
16 Reads

Body Mass Index, Perceived Weight, and Self-Rated Health among South Korean Adults: Conjoint Effect on Health?

Authors:
Soyoung Kwon

AIMS Public Health 2017 20;4(5):513-525. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Psychology & Sociology, Texas A & M University- Kingsville, 700 University Blvd, MSC 177, Kingsville, TX 78363, USA.

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rising rapidly in many countries, including South Korea. The present study examined the association between weight perception and self-rated health, independent of body weight status, as well as how weight status and perceived weight status intersect and relate to the self-rated health among adults in South Korea. Data were from 722 men and 800 women in 2010 Korean General Social Survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.5.513DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111275PMC
November 2017

Health Equity Talk: Understandings of Health Equity among Health Leaders.

AIMS Public Health 2017 15;4(5):490-512. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Centre for Addictions Research of BC, University of Victoria, PO Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Introduction: Reducing health inequities is a stated goal of health systems worldwide. There is widespread commitment to health equity among public health leaders and calls for reorientation of health systems towards health equity. As part of the Equity Lens in Public Health (ELPH) program of research, public health decision makers and researchers in British Columbia collaborated to study the application of a health equity lens in a time of health system renewal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.5.490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111274PMC
November 2017

Team Sport in the Workplace? A RE-AIM Process Evaluation of 'Changing the Game'.

AIMS Public Health 2017 31;4(5):466-489. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK.

Background: The workplace is a priority setting to promote health. Team sports can be an effective way to promote both physical and social health. This study evaluated the potential enablers and barriers for outcomes of a workplace team sports intervention programme 'Changing the Game' (CTG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.5.466DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111271PMC
October 2017
38 Reads

The Relation among Prostate Cancer Knowledge and Psychosocial Factors for Prostate Cancer Screening among African American Men: a Correlational Study.

AIMS Public Health 2017 25;4(5):446-465. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.

African American (AA) men face disproportionately higher rates of prostate cancer (PCa) in comparison to other races. In addition, higher mortality rates from PCa amongst AA men signifies PCa as a formidable health disparity. Inconsistent PCa screening guidelines among medical organizations, further clouds one's decision on receiving a PCa screening. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2017.5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.5.446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111273PMC
October 2017
15 Reads

Stocking up on Fish Mox: a Systematic Analysis of Cultural Narratives about Self-medicating in Online Forums.

AIMS Public Health 2017 29;4(5):430-445. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA, USA.

This study is a systematic review of cultural narratives that drive American belief in the value and efficacy of stocking up on fish antibiotics for human consumption. Popularized by "doomsday prepper" forums and survivalist medical professionals' online videos, this narrative suggests that in some scenarios humans may benefit from such treatments-even as they note its contraindication to mainstream public health advice. Discussions in crowd-sourcing forums however, reveal that in practice Americans are using them as a form of home remedy to treat routine infections without missing work or to make up for gaps in insurance coverage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.5.430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111272PMC
September 2017

Community pharmacists' attitudes towards patient leaflets: Exploring perceptions underlying an electronic local production of tailored written information.

AIMS Public Health 2018 25;5(2):189-202. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Introduction: Low health literacy in Portugal, revealed by limited patients' knowledge of their medication, may be improved by written information that is individually tailored for each patient. Tailored content can be produced through computer software and delivered by community pharmacies to patients.

Objective: To assess community pharmacists' real-life management, usage and perceived utility of software developed to produce individually tailored patient leaflets at community pharmacies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079051PMC

Promoting aging migrants' capabilities: A randomized controlled trial concerning activities of daily living and self-rated health.

AIMS Public Health 2018 12;5(2):173-188. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Ageing and Health-AgeCap, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

The aim was to evaluate the 6-month and 1-year effects of a person-centered group-based health-promoting intervention on independence in daily activities and self-rated health. The study was an RCT with follow-ups at 6 months and 1 year. A total of 131 independent living people (70+) who have migrated to Sweden from Finland or Western Balkan region were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.173DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079055PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

A survey of Greek women's satisfaction of postnatal care.

AIMS Public Health 2018 12;5(2):158-172. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Nursing, Laboratory of Integrated Health Care, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece.

Background: The research described in this paper is a cross-sectional study which surveys women who delivered their babies in a regional hospital in Greece to investigate their satisfaction with their postnatal care. This is the first published study which measures satisfaction of postnatal services in Greece. The aim of this study is to determine which factors most influence postnatal satisfaction, which areas are lacking and therefore identify specific areas which should be targeted to improve the performance of health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079052PMC
June 2018
26 Reads

Estimating physical activity trends among blacks in the United States through examination of four national surveys.

AIMS Public Health 2018 29;5(2):144-157. Epub 2018 May 29.

President & CEO, Gramercy Research Group, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Physical activity is essential for overall good health and aids in the prevention and reduction of many diseases. In 2008, the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.144DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079057PMC
May 2018
29 Reads

Paediatric acute rheumatic fever in developed countries: Neglected or negligible disease? Results from an observational study in Lombardy (Italy).

AIMS Public Health 2018 23;5(2):135-143. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Paediatrics, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, DISCCO, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: Acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF) is a multisystemic disease that results from an autoimmune reaction due to group A streptococcal infection. The disease affects predominantly children aged 5 to 15 years and although its incidence in developed Countries declined since the early 1900s, to date there is a paucity of data that confirm this epidemiological trend.

Objective: The study aimed to assess the burden of ARF in term of hospitalization and to describe the characteristics of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in the paediatric population of Lombardy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079050PMC
May 2018
24 Reads

African American women perceptions of physician trustworthiness: A factorial survey analysis of physician race, gender and age.

AIMS Public Health 2018 16;5(2):122-134. Epub 2018 May 16.

School of Public Health, Samford University.

Background/objective: Physical concordance between physicians and patients is advocated as a solution to improve trust and health outcomes for racial/ethnic minorities, but the empirical evidence is mixed. We assessed women's perceptions of physician trustworthiness based on physician physical characteristics and context of medical visit.

Methods: A factorial survey design was used in which a community-based sample of 313 African American (AA) women aged 45+ years responded to vignettes of contrived medical visits (routine versus serious medical concern visit) where the physician's race/ethnicity, gender, and age were randomly manipulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079053PMC
May 2018
6 Reads

Individual movements and contact patterns in a Canadian long-term care facility.

AIMS Public Health 2018 9;5(2):111-121. Epub 2018 May 9.

Agent-Based Modelling Laboratory, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada.

Contact networks of individuals in healthcare facilities are poorly understood, largely due to the lack of spatio-temporal movement data. A better understanding of such networks of interactions can help improve disease control strategies for nosocomial outbreaks. We sought to determine the spatio-temporal patterns of interactions between individuals using movement data collected in the largest veterans long-term care facility in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079054PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

The development of methods to measure exposure to a major rabbit allergen (Ory c 1).

AIMS Public Health 2018 9;5(2):99-110. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Health & Safety Executive, Buxton, SK17 9JN UK.

Rabbits are used as laboratory animal models and are also popular domestic pets. Allergic responses to rabbit allergens have been documented in both settings, and several rabbit allergens identified. We have purified an 18 kD protein extracted from rabbit fur that was shown by N-terminal sequencing and mass spectrometry (MS) to be a lipocalin, identical to that identified as an odorant binding protein and an allergen with the formal nomenclature of Ory c 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079056PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Can support from the father of the baby buffer the adverse effects of depressive symptoms on risk of preterm birth in Black families?

AIMS Public Health 2018 30;5(1):89-98. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Family Medicine & Public Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit.

Background: While maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy have been linked to preterm birth (PTB; birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation), little has been reported on potential buffering factors, particularly specific to Black women who are at much higher risk. We examined the association between depressive symptoms and PTB in pregnant Black women, with father of the baby (FOB) support as a potential buffering factor.

Methods: Data were obtained from the life-course influences on fetal environments study (2009-2011), a cohort of 1,410 Black women in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan (71% response rate) using maternal interviews and medical record abstraction collected during the postpartum hospitalization. Read More

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http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/publichealth.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.1.89DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070463PMC
March 2018
23 Reads

"See the half-filled glass and move forward" parental experience of a single mother of two daughters with cognitive disabilities.

AIMS Public Health 2018 27;5(1):64-88. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Head of M.Ed, Special Education Program, Levinsky College of Education and Inbal Ben Haim, M.Ed.

The aim of this research is to give voice to a single mother of two grown up daughters with cognitive disabilities in order to examine her parental experience. The narrative approach is used in this study. The research tool is an in-depth narrative interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.1.64DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070461PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Zika virus knowledge and attitudes in Ecuador.

AIMS Public Health 2018 26;5(1):49-63. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Social and Public Health, College of Health Sciences and Professions, Ohio University, Athens OH, United States.

Since its discovery in 1947 in Uganda, ZIKV has spread to 61 countries with a total of 229,238 confirmed human cases worldwide. Specifically, Ecuador has recorded 3,058 confirmed cases and 7 confirmed cases of congenital syndrome associated with ZIKV. Using the Health Belief Model (HBM), this pilot study was conducted to assess Zika virus-related knowledge and attitudes among adults in Ecuador. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.1.49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070462PMC

On the Defence: UK cultural narratives of mistrust between energy users and providers.

AIMS Public Health 2018 13;5(1):31-48. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE7 7XA, UK.

In general, households rely on energy providers to supply essential energy services such as gas and electricity. It seems reasonable to assume that it is mutually beneficial to have a customer and supplier relationship invested in trust. Key findings from the qualitative evaluation findings of a UK Comic Relief-funded energy services and managing money better programme, suggest that the programme's effectiveness was strongly affected by negative narratives about energy suppliers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2018.1.31DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070460PMC