288 results match your criteria AIMS public health[Journal]


Training need assessment for a master training program in Environmental Health program in Vietnam.

AIMS Public Health 2020 23;7(1):197-212. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

Vietnam is facing a shortage of skilled Environmental health workforce. A Training Needs Assessment was conducted to develop a list of environmental health tasks, a list of core competencies and assess the need for a Master of Environmental Health training program in Vietnam. To answer these questions, a cross-sectional study was conducted in Vietnam in 2017, using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109530PMC

The optimal mid-upper-arm circumference cutoffs to screen severe acute malnutrition in Vietnamese children.

AIMS Public Health 2020 23;7(1):188-196. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

National Institute of Nutrition, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) remains a main cause of mortality among children under five years old. Vietnam needs further study to establish the optimal mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) cutoff for improving the accuracy of the MUAC indicator in screening SAM children aged 6-59 months. A survey was conducted at all 16 subdistricts across four provinces in Northern Midlands and mountainous areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109525PMC

Health-seeking behavior and waste management practices among women in major urban markets in Owerri, Nigeria.

AIMS Public Health 2020 20;7(1):169-187. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Sociology, Imo state university, Owerri, Imo state, Nigeria.

Behavioral patterns on seeking health are pertinent in terms of how waste is managed. However, informal approach towards waste management has led to poor environmental attitude and pernicious health consequences for many Nigerians. Despite plethora of scientific investigation on waste management, there has been paucity of information on health-seeking behavior and waste management practices among market women, hence the need for this research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109532PMC

Study of burnout syndrome, job satisfaction and related factors among health care workers in rural areas of Southeastern Iran.

AIMS Public Health 2020 19;7(1):158-168. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Assistant Professor, Nursing Research Center, Razi Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Burnout syndrome is a Psycho-somatic state resulting from prolonged exposure to job stressors that leads to negative self-concept, Job dissatisfaction and lack of communication with the client. Rural health centers because of lack of facilities and lack of knowledge of the service users are characterized by a high level of work-related stress, a factor known to increase the risk of burnout syndrome. The purpose of this study was to determine burnout syndrome and Job Satisfaction among health care workers in rural areas of southeastern Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109528PMC

Does norovirus induce acute hepatitis?

AIMS Public Health 2020 9;7(1):148-157. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Paediatrics, Dr Gray's Hospital, NHS Grampian, Elgin, Scotland, UK.

Background: Norovirus is the commonest cause of acute viral gastroenteritis with significant morbidity. Extra intestinal manifestation following norovirus infection is rare and the mechanism is unknown.

Methods: We undertook a review of the English literature published from January 1967 to April 2019 to evaluate the risk of acute viral hepatitis due to norovirus gastroenteritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109531PMC

Nutrient intake, introduction of baby cereals and other complementary foods in the diets of infants and toddlers from birth to 23 months of age.

AIMS Public Health 2020 4;7(1):123-147. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Nutrition Impact, LLC, 9725 Drive North, Battle Creek, MI, 49014, USA.

Introduction: Understanding which foods are introduced in the diet and when provides valuable information on complementary feeding. Fortified baby rice cereal is the most common first solid food given to infants, often followed by other baby cereals. The objective of this study was to examine food patterns among infants and toddlers consuming rice or non-rice baby cereals versus non-consumers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109529PMC

The common motives for appendectomy in Hail Region Saudi Arabia.

AIMS Public Health 2020 3;7(1):114-122. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

College of Dentistry, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Appendectomy remains the most common emergency surgery. With the lack of literature from Saudi Arabia regarding the treatment for appendix disorders, this study aimed to identify the common motives for appendectomy in Northern Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: Data referring to be resected appendix patients who were diagnosed during the period from January 2018 to December 2018 were included in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109526PMC

Diarrheal disease and associated behavioural factors among food handlers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

AIMS Public Health 2020 18;7(1):100-113. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Ethiopian Institute of Water Resources, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Diarrheal diseases are threat everywhere, but its frequency and impact are more severe in developing countries. Diarrhea occurs world-wide and causes 4% of all deaths and 5% of health loss to disability. In 2016, it was the eighth leading cause of mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109535PMC
February 2020

Effect of antioxidant supplements on sperm parameters in infertile male smokers: a single-blinded clinical trial.

AIMS Public Health 2020 11;7(1):92-99. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Introduction: Naturally, in human body, there is a balance between free radicals and the antioxidant system. Yet, cigarette consumption in smokers increases free radicals and decreases antioxidants. A vast body of research showed that the ROS level of seminal fluid is reduced using oral antioxidant complements through enhancing the clearing capacity of free radicals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109539PMC
February 2020

Pneumonia a neglected disease: A mixed-method study on the case-finding program in Indonesia.

AIMS Public Health 2020 6;7(1):81-91. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Pneumonia eradication program has been implemented, but the incidence rate remains high. This research aims to evaluate the Pneumonia finding program in Sleman district of Indonesia. A mixed-method using sequential explanatory design was conducted during July-August 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109541PMC
February 2020

Developing the perceived social support scale for older adults: A mixed-method study.

AIMS Public Health 2020 6;7(1):66-80. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

Social support has an important impact on the well-being of the elderly. Some studies have shown that perceived social support is more important than received social support. Perceived social support has different definitions across different age groups and cultures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109536PMC
February 2020

A population-based measure of chronic disease severity for health planning and evaluation in the United States.

Authors:
Carol L Stone

AIMS Public Health 2020 4;7(1):44-65. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Institute for Families in Society, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

In the healthcare sector, patients can be categorized into clinical risk groups, which are based, in part, on multiple chronic conditions. Population-based measures of clinical risk groups for population health planning, however, are not available. Using responses of working-age adults (19-64 years old) from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for survey years 2015-2017, a population-based measure of chronic disease severity (CDS) was developed as a proxy for clinical risk groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109540PMC
February 2020

Effectiveness of germinated brown rice on metabolic syndrome: A randomized control trial in Vietnam.

AIMS Public Health 2020 17;7(1):33-43. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Nutrition Department, Faculty of Environmental and Occupational Health, Hanoi University of Public Health, 1A Duc Thang Road, North Tu Liem district, Hanoi, Vietnam.

To treating Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in the human body by using cooked pre-germinated brown rice (PGBR), a randomized control trial was done in Vietnam. 80 subjects (65.1 ± 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109533PMC
January 2020

Higher valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines: is it a roller coaster?

Authors:
Godwin Oligbu

AIMS Public Health 2020 17;7(1):29-32. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Paediatric Infectious Diseases Research Group, St. George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109534PMC
January 2020

Effects of controversial statements on social media regarding the oral glucose tolerance testing on pregnant women in Turkey.

AIMS Public Health 2020 10;7(1):20-28. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Namık Kemal University, Medical School head of family medicine department, Tekirdağ, Turkey.

Discussions of the use of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) took off when a Turkish scientist claimed in the media that "the OGTT is poisoning babies" in 2014. The aim of present study investigates the effects of controversies in the media and on the Internet on the attitudes and behaviors of women in regards to the OGTT. The research was designed as a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109538PMC
January 2020

Promoting school lunch fruit and vegetable intake through role modeling: a pilot study.

AIMS Public Health 2020 7;7(1):10-19. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Oregon Institute of Technology, Klamath Falls, OR, United States.

Objectives: Child fruit and vegetable consumption is a critical component of adult chronic disease prevention, yet fruit and vegetable intake remains low among elementary school children in the United States. This pilot study tested a role modeling intervention designed to promote fruit and vegetable consumption in a U.S elementary school cafeteria setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109527PMC
January 2020

Comparison between the specificity and sensitivity of the RIPASA and Alvarado Scoring systems in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis among patients with complaints of right iliac fossa.

AIMS Public Health 2020 2;7(1):1-9. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Emergency Medicine Specialist, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Introduction: Acute appendicitis is one of the common prevalent surgical emergencies. Various techniques, such as Alvarado Score are used for diagnosis it. This study was conducted to compare the Alvarado and RIPASA scoring systems in patients referred to Hospital with complaints of right iliac fossa pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109537PMC
January 2020

Social and cultural determinants of health; understanding the persisting Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) in the rural populations in central Kenya.

AIMS Public Health 2019 23;6(4):600-611. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Excessive alcohol use is a significant public health problem globally. Alcohol use typically begins in adolescence or early adult life, and effective prevention strategies focused on this age group are needed to avoid development of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). AUD is a worldwide problem resulting in millions of deaths, including hundreds of thousands of young lives lost. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.600DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940580PMC
December 2019

The estimation of the functioning of families with ASD children.

AIMS Public Health 2019 20;6(4):587-599. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department and Clinic of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 61-545 Poznań, 28 Czerwca 1956 r Street 135/147.

Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disease described as a neurodevelopmental disorder as the impairment of social and communication functions. Life of the people with ASD depends on the early introduction of intensive therapeutic programmes, modifying the undesirable behaviours, and aimed at teaching social and communication skills.

Aims: The goal of the present work is to estimation the functioning of families with an ASD child and compare it to the functioning of families with children not diagnosed with ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.587DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940582PMC
December 2019

Occupational hand dermatitis in car repair workers.

AIMS Public Health 2019 17;6(4):577-586. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Yazd Rural Water and Waste Water Company, Yazd, Iran.

Introduction: Exposure to used gasoline engine oils during oil change and other automobile repair services is common for many mechanics, electrical technicians, and other car service workers. We aimed to determine the prevalence of hand dermatitis in car repair workers with different specialty and actual dermal exposure hazards in the workplace.

Methods: We examined the dermal problems in 153 male car repair workers and compared it to 140 office workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940577PMC
December 2019

Comparing the prolonged effect of interval versus continuous aerobic exercise on blood inflammatory marker of Visfatin level and body mass index of sedentary overweigh/fat female college students.

AIMS Public Health 2019 16;6(4):568-576. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Department of Pathology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

History And Objectives: Over weightiness and obesity are usually defined as inflammatory conditions. High ratio of body mass index and Visfatin level recently discovered as markers involved in inflammatory process of obesity. Aerobic exercise is one of the safe interventions to decrease such condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940584PMC
December 2019

Nonsurgical management of temporomandibular joint autoimmune disorders.

AIMS Public Health 2019 12;6(4):554-567. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry and Department of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology and Reconstructive Surgery, The Cancer Institute, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are observed in a number of autoimmune diseases but limited studies have assessed the effect of autoimmune diseases on TMD. Therefore, the present review article was conducted to determine the effect of autoimmune diseases on TMD.

Methods: International databases, including Web of Sciences, PubMed and Scopus, were searched in order to find related articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940567PMC
December 2019

Association of GST gene polymorphism and noise-induced hearing loss: GST gene polymorphism and NIHL.

AIMS Public Health 2019 11;6(4):546-553. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.

Background: It has been proposed that Noise-induced hearing loss is a complex disease that is combination of environmental and genetic factors. There are inconsistent results concerning the association between variation in glutathione S-transferase () genetic polymorphisms ( rs1049055 and rs10712361) and susceptibility to Noise-induced hearing loss.

Objective: This study was designed to assess the association between gene polymorphism and Noise-induced hearing loss among noise-exposed workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940572PMC
December 2019

Policy analysis of salt reduction in bread in Iran.

AIMS Public Health 2019 9;6(4):534-545. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Given that average salt intake among Iranians is approximately 10-15 g per day particularly from sodium hidden in bread, cheese, and fast food; lowering this mineral has been followed up seriously in this country for almost 10 years (since 2009). The main objective of the present study was to provide an opportunity to recognize unwanted and unfavorable outcomes of implementing decisions and policies together with associated problems of salt reduction in bread in order to achieve national and global health promotion goals. Thus, this qualitative and retrospective policy analysis was completed to evaluate the policy of salt reduction in bread in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.534DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940570PMC
December 2019

Prevalence of alcohol consumption and related factors among students of higher education centers in one of the northeastern cities of Iran.

AIMS Public Health 2019 2;6(4):523-533. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Student Research Committee, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Introduction: Knowing the prevalence and the factors associated with alcohol abuse among students can be an important step in initiating preventive measures. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of alcohol consumption and its related factors in students of higher education centers in one of the northeastern cities of Iran in 2017.

Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 668 students from 7 higher education centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.523DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940569PMC
December 2019

Iranian physicians' expectations of telemedicine development and implementation infrastructures in teaching hospitals.

AIMS Public Health 2019 22;6(4):514-522. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Introduction: In spite of the fact that telemedicine has various advantages; similarly as in some other data systems, it is essential to investigate clients' perspective of technology. Besides, the clients' awareness and satisfaction of the telemedicine are significant issues that ought to be considered before starting a telemedicine program. The present examination in this way looks to assess Iranian doctors' demeanor and recognition toward the infrastructures of telemedicine development and implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.514DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940578PMC
November 2019

Recurrent Ebolavirus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo: update and challenges.

AIMS Public Health 2019 20;6(4):502-513. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School Hospital, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo.

The current Ebolavirus disease (EVD) outbreak in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri is the tenth outbreak affecting the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC); the first outbreak occurring in a war context, and the second most deadly Ebolavirus outbreak on record following the 2014 outbreak in West Africa. The DRC government's response consisted of applying a package of interventions including detection and rapid isolation of cases, contact tracing, population mapping, and identification of high-risk areas to inform a coordinated effort. The coordinated effort was to screen, ring vaccinate, and conduct laboratory diagnoses using GeneXpert (Cepheid) polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.502DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940573PMC
November 2019

Access to care, nativity and disease management among Latinos with diabetes in a safety-net healthcare setting.

AIMS Public Health 2019 18;6(4):488-501. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, LAC+USC Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA.

Introduction: Latinos in the U.S. are disproportionately affected by diabetes and its complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.488DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940585PMC
November 2019

Low dose oral beta-lactamase protects the gut microbiome from oral beta-lactam-mediated damage in dogs.

AIMS Public Health 2019 12;6(4):477-487. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Synthetic Biologics, Inc., Rockville, MD, United States.

Antibiotics, while lifesaving, damage the gut microbiome and can precipitate proliferation of pathobionts. A strategy to preserve gut microbiome integrity is to eliminate biologically active antimicrobials excreted into the gastrointestinal tract (GI) without negatively affecting antibiotic therapeutic efficacy. Clinical proof of concept was achieved with SYN-004 (ribaxamase), a beta-lactamase enzyme formulated for oral delivery with intravenous penicillins and cephalosporins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.477DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940571PMC
November 2019

Educator perceptions on the benefits and challenges of loose parts play in the outdoor environments of childcare centres.

AIMS Public Health 2019 29;6(4):461-476. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

School of Health & Human Performance, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.

It is important to consider physical activity and movement in early life to ensure children establish and maintain healthy physical activity patterns. Recent evidence has highlighted the importance of outdoor play and the childcare environment. Active outdoor play, especially free play, supports independence, self-regulation and allows children to explore their world and make decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940583PMC
October 2019

Recovery Mentors as continuing professional development trainers for better recognition of the epistemic value of the experiential knowledge and improved access to recovery-oriented practices.

AIMS Public Health 2019 25;6(4):447-460. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

Research Centre of Montreal Mental Health University Institute, Montreal East Island Integrated University Health and Social Services Centre, Montreal QC, Canada.

Objectives: To lay the groundwork for the arrival of Recovery Mentors (RMs) in some of its multidisciplinary teams, a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) conference was organized in a large public agency in the province of Quebec, Canada. The aim was to come up collectively with recommendations to improve access to recovery-oriented care and services for this vulnerable population by recognizing the epistemic value of their lived experience.

Methods: A series of workshops were organized among health professionals to reflect on their practice and to discuss the role of RMs for improving epistemic equity and recognition of the experiential knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.447DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940576PMC
October 2019

Review of medical professional organizations in developed countries: problems of decentralized membership registers.

AIMS Public Health 2019 22;6(4):437-446. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

Dept. Quantitative Methods for Economics and Management University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

This article provides a critical review of international experiences regarding the professional organization of physicians and the registration of doctors in developed countries. The problems faced by professional medical organizations in the EU-15 countries, Japan, the United States and Canada, are examined. Medical professional groups differ in several dimensions, including obligatory registration versus voluntary membership or types of registration (centralized, indirect, or delegated). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940566PMC
October 2019

How dietary intake of type 2 diabetes mellitus outpatients affects their fasting blood glucose levels?

AIMS Public Health 2019 21;6(4):424-436. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Ha Noi University of Public Health. No. 1A Duc Thang Ward, North Tu Liem, Ha Noi, Vietnam.

Objective: The study aims to explore the association between the adherence to dietary recommendations among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with their fasting blood glucose levels.

Method: This is a cross-sectional anthropometric and dietary study conducted on 169 T2DM patients receiving outpatient treatment at the Central Nursing and Rehabilitation Hospital in Thanh Hoa provincial hospital in Vietnam in 2018.

Results: The rate of patients who had good fasting glycemic control was still low (30. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.424DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940581PMC
October 2019

Supervised machine learning models applied to disease diagnosis and prognosis.

AIMS Public Health 2019 17;6(4):405-423. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Computational Science Program, University of Texas, El Paso, United States.

This work analyses the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer and heart disease data using five Machine Learning (ML) algorithms. We compare the predictive ability of all the ML algorithms to breast cancer and heart disease. The important variables that causes cancer and heart disease are also studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940574PMC
October 2019

Assessment of patient safety measures in governmental hospitals in Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia.

AIMS Public Health 2019 15;6(4):396-404. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Nursing Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, Saudi Arabia.

Background/objective: There is a need for patient safety in healthcare settings, WHO recommended an intergradation of patient safety in the curriculum of health specialties. This study aimed to assess the application patient safety measures at governmental hospitals in Al-Baha region.

Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.396DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940565PMC
October 2019

Prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines and complementary and alternative medicines use: a comparison between baby boomers and older South Australians.

AIMS Public Health 2019 14;6(4):380-395. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

Adelaide Medical School, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Objective: This study examines the difference in medication use between baby boomers (born between 1946-1965) and older people (born before 1946) to determine the proportion of people combining over-the-counter (OTC) medicines and complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) use with prescription medicine use.

Design: A clustered, multistage, systematic, random, self-weighting area sample was obtained and a face-to-face interview was conducted to examine the difference in use in prescription medicines, OTC, and CAM and factors associated with the use between baby boomers and older people.

Setting: South Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940579PMC
October 2019

Blood pressure level increase with altitude in three argentinean indigenous communities.

AIMS Public Health 2019 12;6(4):370-379. Epub 2019 Oct 12.

Cardiology, Hospital Materno Infantil, Salta, Argentina.

Objective: To compare blood pressure (BP) levels in three groups of Argentinean Indigenous schoolchildren from similar ethnic backgrounds but living at three different altitudes.

Methods: A cross-sectional study compared 185 (83 females) children aged 5-14 years from San Antonio de los Cobres (SAC), 3750 m above sea level; 46 (23 females) from Cobres, 3450 m; and 167 (83 females) from Chicoana (CH), 1400 m. Anthropometric and BP measurements were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940575PMC
October 2019

Associations between breastfeeding duration and overweight/obese among children aged 5-10: a focus on racial/ethnic disparities in California.

AIMS Public Health 2019 29;6(4):355-369. Epub 2019 Sep 29.

Steve Hicks School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA.

Research on the association between breastfeeding and childhood obesity and research on racial/ethnic differences in breastfeeding both show inconsistencies. The current study examines: 1) whether immigrant Hispanic women have higher rates of breastfeeding compared to non-Hispanic (three separate groups: African-American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and White) and U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940568PMC
September 2019

Effect of clinical pharmacist encounters in the transitional care clinic on 30-day re-admissions: A retrospective study.

AIMS Public Health 2019 24;6(3):345-354. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Department of Family Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.

Hospitalized patients who meet specific criteria at discharge are referred to the transitional care clinic team consisting of a nurse practitioner and/or physician and a clinical pharmacist. In collaboration with the providers, the pharmacist reviews medications for appropriateness, assesses adherence, recommends medication changes and provides education. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of an outpatient transitional care clinical pharmacist on 30-day re-admissions in an urban setting serving a population of low socioeconomic status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779605PMC
September 2019

Prevalence of abdominal obesity and its correlates among adults in a peri-urban population of West Africa.

AIMS Public Health 2019 23;6(3):334-344. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Nutrition Department, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

Introduction: Prevalence of abdominal obesity dramatically increases both in developed countries and in developing countries. In several regions in Africa, obesity (especially abdominal) is seen as a sign of affluence, dignity and respect. The objective of this study was to determine prevalence of abdominal obesity and seek some factors associated in a peri-urban population of West Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779594PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Strengthening public health surveillance through blockchain technology.

AIMS Public Health 2019 2;6(3):326-333. Epub 2019 Sep 2.

Department of Health Promotion and Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Texas A & M University, Texas, USA.

Blockchain technology is a decentralized system of recording data and performing transactions which is increasingly being used across many industries, including healthcare. It has several unique features like the validation of transaction processes, prevention of systems failure from any single point of transaction, and approval of data sharing with optimal security, to name a few. At the hospital level, blockchain technologies are used in the electronic medical records systems, insurance claims, billing management, and so on. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779606PMC
September 2019

"Airplane ear"-A neglected yet preventable problem.

AIMS Public Health 2019 26;6(3):320-325. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Department of Public Health, Asia Metropolitan University, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779601PMC

Prevalence of depressive symptoms and its related factors among students at Tra Vinh University, Vietnam in 2018.

AIMS Public Health 2019 22;6(3):307-319. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Department of Public Health, Tra Vinh University, Tra Vinh City, Vietnam.

Objective: The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and its related factors among students at Tra Vinh University, Vietnam.

Methods: The instrument used was a questionnaire of socioeconomic-demographic characteristics, educational characteristics, and the self-reported depression scale collected from the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) originally published by Radloff in 1977. Scores of 16-21 were considered as mild to moderate symptoms of depression, and scores above 21 were considered as symptoms of major depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779602PMC

Prevalence and associated factors of malnutrition among school going adolescents of Dang district, Nepal.

AIMS Public Health 2019 21;6(3):291-306. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Department of Community Medicine, Universal College of Medical Science and Teaching Hospital, Tribhuvan University, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi Nepal.

Background: Malnutrition is a quiet emergency and one of the most widespread causes of morbidity and mortality among children and adolescent throughout the world; however there are very limited indications about the cause of malnutrition among adolescents. This study aimed to find out the prevalence and associated factors of malnutrition among school going adolescents of Dang district, Nepal.

Methods: School based descriptive cross-sectional research design among 510 school adolescents studying in grade 9 and 10 between ages 14-17 years on April-October 2017 was conducted in Dang district Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779600PMC
August 2019
1 Read

The cost of implementing Vietnam's national plan of action for nutrition for 2017-2020.

AIMS Public Health 2019 20;6(3):276-290. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

UNICEF Viet Nam, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: There is an urgent need to carry out a costing exercise of the National Plan of Action for Nutrition (NPAN) 2017-2020 since the costing of nutrition-sensitive interventions was not entirely integrated and proved difficult to track the different sectors' contributions to the nutrition program.

Objective: To estimate the required budget for the activities of the NPAN in 2017-2020.

Methods: A standard ingredients approach activity-based costing was employed from the provider perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.276DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779599PMC

The impact of emotional labor on the health in the workplace: a narrative review of literature from 2013-2018.

AIMS Public Health 2019 20;6(3):268-275. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Department of Health Science and Social Work, Western Illinois University, 1, University Circle, Macomb, Illinois, USA.

There is a paradigm-shift in the workplace from a production mentality to a service-oriented mentality. As a result, there is a greater need on employees to expend emotional labor in dealing with the challenges of meeting the demands of a service-oriented economy. This present study discussed the impact that expending emotional labor has on the health of employees in the workplace. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779598PMC
August 2019
1 Read

An exploration of learning needs: identifying knowledge deficits among hospitalized adults with heart failure.

AIMS Public Health 2019 2;6(3):248-267. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

College of Nursing, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States.

The current study examined the learning needs of hospitalized patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) by identifying their current CHF self-care behaviors and knowledge levels, while identifying relationships between clinical variables, and their learning needs. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was utilized to examine a convenience sample of 42 hospitalized patients with CHF. Self-care behaviors and knowledge levels were measured using the Self Care of Heart Failure Index V. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.248DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779596PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Delivering emoji/icon-based universal health education messages through smartphones.

AIMS Public Health 2019 22;6(3):242-247. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Deputy Dean, Asia Metropolitan University, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779603PMC

Consensual improvement actions for the Tuberculosis Control Programme in Pernambuco state, Brazil: an e-Delphi study.

AIMS Public Health 2019 12;6(3):229-241. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Department of Pharmacy Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco-Av. MoraesRego, 123, Cidade Universitária, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Objectives: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem, particularly in low and middle-income countries. The aim of this study is to consensualise improvement actions for the Tuberculosis Control Programme of the Pernambuco state (SPTC), Brazil.

Methods: Firstly, a preliminary workshop was conducted with experts (n = 8), including key stakeholders and health professionals, to select structure and process indicators pertaining to the tuberculosis control programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779604PMC

The upper limit of cardiorespiratory fitness associated with longevity: an update.

AIMS Public Health 2019 4;6(3):225-228. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Austria.

In 2013, mortality reductions with improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) have been suggested to persist until 13 METs. More recently, accumulating evidence from large-scale studies suggests that mortality from all causes decreases with increasing CRF levels, apparently without upper limit of CRF. However, when baseline CRF is assessed in later life, upper limits of CRF decrease depending on the individual fitness level at baseline and the volume and intensity of physical activity performed during follow up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779597PMC