4,616 results match your criteria AIDS care[Journal]


Using concept mapping to explore the challenges associated with affording and accessing medications among people living with HIV in Ontario, Canada.

AIDS Care 2020 Jun 3:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Division of Clinical Public Health, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Antiretroviral medications are expensive, and people living with HIV often experience challenges accessing and paying for medication due to various obstacles. We used concept mapping to explore the challenges people living with HIV in Ontario, Canada, face when accessing medication. In brainstorming, 68 participants generated 447 statements in response to the focus prompt "Some people living with HIV have trouble getting and paying for prescription drugs because … ". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1770182DOI Listing

Assessing the interaction between depressive symptoms and alcohol use prior to antiretroviral therapy on viral suppression among people living with HIV in Rural Uganda.

AIDS Care 2020 Jun 1:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Although there is evidence of individual associations between depressive symptoms and hazardous alcohol use with suboptimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among people living with HIV (PLWH), few studies have established how the two risk factors may interact to predict viral suppression. We conducted secondary data analyses with two cohorts of Ugandan PLWH ( = 657) to investigate the hypothesized interaction between depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) and hazardous alcohol use (Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test -Consumption and/or Phosphatidylethanol biomarker) prior to ART initiation with viral suppression (<550 copies/ml). We were unable to detect an interaction between depressive symptoms and hazardous alcohol use prior to ART initiation with viral suppression in the first two years ( = 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1770671DOI Listing

Sleep and immune function among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

AIDS Care 2020 Jun 1:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

People living with HIV are at increased risk for sleep disturbances. Up to 75% of the HIV-infected individuals in the United States experience sleep disturbances of some kind. Previous studies have suggested an association between patient-reported sleep disturbances and impaired immune function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1770180DOI Listing

Characteristics of older adults living with HIV accessing home and community care services in British Columbia, Canada.

AIDS Care 2020 May 31:1-10. Epub 2020 May 31.

BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada.

Over half of people living with HIV (PLHIV) engaged in care in British Columbia (BC) are age ≥50. The public home and community care (HCC) system offers formal support that PLHIV may turn to as they age, but little is known about access specific to PLHIV. Using data from the STOP HIV/AIDS cohort, which includes linked treatment and demographic records for PLHIV accessing care in BC, we compared older PLHIV (defined as those age ≥50) who did and did not access HCC services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1770673DOI Listing

Sexual risk and sexual healthcare utilization profiles among Black sexual minority men in the U.S. Deep South.

AIDS Care 2020 May 31:1-8. Epub 2020 May 31.

Us Helping Us Inc, Washington, DC, USA.

Black gay, bisexual, and other Black sexual minority men (BSMM) continue to experience negative health outcomes along the HIV prevention and treatment continuum, especially in the U.S. Deep South. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1772455DOI Listing

Behavioural, social and structural-level risk factors for developing AIDS among HIV-positive people who use injection drugs in a Canadian setting, 1996-2017.

AIDS Care 2020 May 31:1-6. Epub 2020 May 31.

British Columbia Centre on Substance Use, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada.

People who use injection drugs (PWID) experience high rates of HIV acquisition and, as a result of lower rates of optimal access and adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy (ART), experience worse HIV treatment outcomes than other key affected populations. However, the incidence and risk factors for the development of AIDS among HIV-positive PWID have not been completely described. We used data from a community-recruited prospective cohort of HIV-positive PWID in Vancouver, Canada, a setting with universal no-cost ART and a comprehensive clinical monitoring registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1772955DOI Listing

Investigating the potentially important role of psychological flexibility in adherence to antiretroviral therapy in people living with HIV.

AIDS Care 2020 May 29:1-10. Epub 2020 May 29.

Leeds and York Partnership National Health Service Foundation Trust, Leeds, UK.

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has significantly improved immune health and survival rates in HIV, but these outcomes rely on near perfect adherence. While many psychosocial factors are related to sub-optimal adherence, effectiveness of associated interventions are modest or inconsistent. The Psychological Flexibility (PF) model underlying Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) identifies a core set of broadly applicable transdiagnostic processes that may be useful to explain and improve non-adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1771263DOI Listing

Syndemic conditions and medication adherence in older men living with HIV who have sex with men.

AIDS Care 2020 May 29:1-7. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

For people living with HIV, lack of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a serious problem and frequently results in HIV disease progression. Reasons for non-adherence include concomitant psychosocial health conditions - also known as syndemic conditions - such symptoms of depression or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), past physical or sexual abuse, intimate partner violence (IPV), stimulant use, and binge drinking. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between syndemic conditions and medication adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1772954DOI Listing

Integrating childhood TB: applying the care delivery value chain to improve pediatric HIV/TB services in Togo, West Africa.

AIDS Care 2020 May 28:1-6. Epub 2020 May 28.

Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

The World Health Organization has prioritized integrating tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services. Diagnosis of HIV/TB coinfection in children remains a challenge worldwide for numerous reasons. The care delivery value chain (CDVC) is an effective tool that can be applied as a systemic framework for assessing health care delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1770672DOI Listing

Changes in body mass index among people living with HIV who are new on highly active antiretroviral therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

AIDS Care 2020 May 28:1-11. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), obesity is increasingly being reported among people living with HIV (PLHIV). In this study, we reviewed published literature on body mass index (BMI) changes among treatment-naïve adult PLHIV who started HAART and remained on treatment for at least six months. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline, four databases were searched, and results of included studies were synthesized to describe the BMI trend among PLHIV on treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1770181DOI Listing

Identifying patterns of retention in care and viral suppression using latent class analysis among women living with HIV in Florida 2015-2017.

AIDS Care 2020 May 28:1-5. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.

The study objective was to classify women with newly diagnosed HIV into patterns of retention in care (≥2 HIV care visits ≥3 months apart) and viral suppression over time and identify factors associated with class membership. Florida HIV/AIDS surveillance data were used to conduct Latent Class Analysis to classify women into patterns, and multinomial regression was used to compare the prevalence of class membership by demographic and clinical factors. Four classes were selected based on model fit parameters: (Class 1) consistently retained and suppressed (>90% probability of being retained and suppressed), (Class 2) not consistently retained or suppressed (≤10% probability of being retained and suppressed), (Class 3) increasingly retained and suppressed, and (Class 4) decreasingly retained and suppressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1771264DOI Listing

Stigma in Hospital: an examination of beliefs and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS patients, Istanbul.

AIDS Care 2020 May 25:1-7. Epub 2020 May 25.

Faculty of Medicine, Head of Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

HIV/AIDS-related stigma remains a crucial public health problem in the world. Unfortunately, health provider staffs such as nurses and physicians are the major source of stigmatization and discrimination against peoples living with HIV (PLHIVs) including in Turkey. The aim of this study was to assess HIV-related stigma towards to PLHIV by nurses and physicians and to examine related factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1769833DOI Listing

Awareness of and attitudes toward pre-exposure prophylaxis among African American women living in low-income neighborhoods in a Southeastern city.

AIDS Care 2020 May 25:1-5. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Health Behavior, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

African American women in the South are disproportionately affected by HIV but have often been ignored in HIV prevention efforts, including in the rollout of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). To inform strategies to promote PrEP awareness and access in this population, we conducted a venue-based community survey with 53 African American women living in low-income neighborhoods of a Southeastern city to understand women's knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP. Awareness of PrEP was very low (37%) with only 16% being aware that PrEP is used for HIV prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1769834DOI Listing

Barriers and motivators to pre-exposure prophylaxis uptake among Black and Latina transgender women in Los Angeles: perspectives of current PrEP users.

AIDS Care 2020 May 23:1-9. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify barriers and motivators to PrEP uptake from the perspective of Black and Latina transgender women (TW) who are currently using PrEP to suggest intervention and outreach activities to increase PrEP uptake in this population. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model guided the development of the semi-structured interview guide. A thematic analysis approach was used to analyze the data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1769835DOI Listing

An assessment of sexual risk behaviours among circumcised and uncircumcised men before and after the implementation of the safe male circumcision programme in Botswana.

Authors:
Mpho Keetile

AIDS Care 2020 May 23:1-8. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Population Studies, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana.

HIV/AIDS prevalence is still high in Botswana. The main aim of this study was to assess and compare sexual risk behaviours of circumcised and uncircumcised men before and after the launch of the safe male circumcision programme. Data used for analyses were derived from the 2008 and 2013 Botswana AIDS Impact Surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1769830DOI Listing

Associations between population density and clinical and sociodemographic factors in women living with HIV in the Southern United States.

AIDS Care 2020 May 25:1-10. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

To explore the associations of urbanicity with clinical/behavioral outcomes and sociodemographic factors among women living with HIV in the Southern United States, 523 participants of the Women's Interagency HIV Study were classified into population density quartiles. Rural-Urban Commuting Area codes revealed that 7% resided in areas where >30% commute to urban areas, 2% resided in small towns or rural areas, and 91% resided in varying densities of urban areas. Although women in lower density, mostly suburban areas reported higher socioeconomic indicators such as advanced education and greater annual household income, larger proportions of women in the lowest density quartile perceived discrimination in health care settings and agreed with several internalized HIV stigma scale items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1769829DOI Listing

The role of self-compassion and shame in persons living with HIV/AIDS.

AIDS Care 2020 May 23:1-9. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Psychology, La Salle University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Despite the connection between self-compassion, shame, and HIV/AIDS health outcomes in the literature, little is known about the relationship among these variables. Shame and self-compassion work independently of each other and experiences of shame can impede one's ability to engage in self-compassionate responses, which could prevent future health declines. Although shame has been found to mediate the relationship between self-compassion and a variety of mental health outcomes, it has not been examined in the context of HIV/AIDS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1769836DOI Listing

"When I receive the message, it is a sign of love": symbolic connotations of SMS messages for people living with HIV in Burkina Faso.

AIDS Care 2020 May 23:1-8. Epub 2020 May 23.

International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Mobile health (mHealth) has gained considerable interest recently due to its potential to improve health outcomes in developing countries with high outreach yet low costs. Several studies have explored the use of short message service (SMS) reminders to improve antiretroviral (ARV) retention and adherence, with mixed results. The majority of these studies has a quantitative nature and employs randomized designs, which do not provide further qualitative insights about other possible impacts of the messages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1769832DOI Listing

Impact of implementing an online interactive educational tool for future HIV "cure" research in an HIV clinic waiting room in Cape Town, South Africa.

AIDS Care 2020 May 20:1-5. Epub 2020 May 20.

Centre for Medical Ethics and Law, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) in South Africa is suboptimal and erratic. For those on treatment, compliance remains a significant challenge. Interruptions to ART have negative implications for the individual and the epidemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1766661DOI Listing

Country level homophobia and protective sexual health behaviours among HIV negative or untested men who have sex with men in 45 countries.

AIDS Care 2020 May 19:1-5. Epub 2020 May 19.

Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Despite new, effective biomedical technologies to prevent the transmission of HIV, social and structural factors still impact the opportunity for gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) to access safe sexual health services. Within this paper we describe findings of a pilot analysis that seeks to identify relationships between country level homophobia, individual-level sexualised drug use and key sexual health protective behaviours in a sample of HIV negative men from 45 countries recruited via a large online survey. Responses to questions relating to HIV and STI testing history, use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and engagement in sexualised drug use were treated as dependent variables within generalised linear mixed-effects model with logit link analysis, with country level homophobia (drawn from a recently published international index) operating as the dependent variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1766662DOI Listing

Prevalence of HIV testing and factors influencing the attitude of high school students towards HIV testing uptake in U.S. using, Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2017 data.

AIDS Care 2020 May 18:1-5. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson, TN, USA.

This study examined associations between the prevalence of HIV testing and factors or behaviors that influence HIV testing in U.S.A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1766663DOI Listing

Barriers and facilitators to implementation of trauma support services at a large HIV treatment center in the Southern United States.

AIDS Care 2020 May 18:1-10. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The high prevalence of trauma among people living with HIV underscore the need for tailored, integrated trauma management ("trauma-informed care" or TIC) to improve retention, adherence to care, and overall well-being. Although TIC has been identified as a priority area for HIV care, uptake has been limited. To investigate barriers and facilitators to integrating trauma support services within HIV primary care, surveys (=94) and interviews (=44) were administered to providers, staff, and patients at a large HIV treatment center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1764473DOI Listing

Racial and ethnic differences in women's HIV risk and attitudes towards pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in the context of the substance use, violence, and depression syndemic.

AIDS Care 2020 May 14:1-10. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Women with syndemic conditions, i.e., two or more co-occurring epidemics, are at elevated risk for HIV acquisition and are therefore prime candidates for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1762067DOI Listing

Acceptability and preferences for long-acting antiretroviral formulations among people with HIV infection.

AIDS Care 2020 May 14:1-9. Epub 2020 May 14.

Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

The study evaluates the acceptability and preferences for long-acting antiretroviral therapy (LA-ART) among a diverse cohort of people with HIV infection (PWH). It consists of a self-administered survey and chart review of PWH presenting to an HIV clinic in Houston, Texas, between February and June 2018; 374 participants were included; 61% indicated that they were likely or very likely to use LA-ART formulations. When asked about preference, 41% preferred pills, 40% preferred injections, and 18% preferred an implant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1764906DOI Listing

Socioeconomic empowerment and HIV testing among Ethiopian women: results from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey.

AIDS Care 2020 May 14:1-5. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Health PromotionEducation and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

HIV testing is a cornerstone for early HIV diagnoses which can improve quality of life, survival, and reduce forward transmission. This study examined socioeconomic determinants of HIV testing among women in Ethiopia using the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. The sample was collected using stratified cluster sampling design and was selected in two stages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1761517DOI Listing

HIV testing intentions and cognitive reappraisal among Latino emerging adults.

AIDS Care 2020 May 14:1-5. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami.

Negative emotions related to HIV testing may influence an individual's intentions to test for HIV. However, emotion regulation strategies such as which involves reframing the meaning of an event to modify one's emotional response to it may potentially help to regulate these emotions and facilitate decisions to get tested for HIV. In this exploratory study, we examined the association between cognitive reappraisal and HIV testing intentions and whether this association differs by gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1763905DOI Listing

Reporting on patients living with HIV "disengaging from care". Who is actually "lost to follow-up"?

AIDS Care 2020 May 14:1-7. Epub 2020 May 14.

MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

Retention in care remains an important concern for health care providers. However, accurately identifying who is or is not retained in care can be problematic. Not all patients believed to be engaged in care are actually in care, and not all patients believed to be disengaged are truly disengaged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1761516DOI Listing

Examining correlates of alcohol related condom-less sex among youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda.

AIDS Care 2020 May 13:1-5. Epub 2020 May 13.

Uganda Youth Developmental Link, Kampala, Uganda.

This study examined factors associated with alcohol related condom-less sex (ARCS) among youth living in Kampala, Uganda. Analyses are based on 2014 cross-sectional survey data of urban service-seeking youth participating in a Uganda Youth Development Link (UYDEL) drop-in center. The analytic sample consisted of only youth reporting alcohol use ( = 347). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1762066DOI Listing

Five-year survival analysis and predictors of death in HIV-positive serology patients attending the Military Hospital of Nampula, Mozambique.

AIDS Care 2020 May 13:1-9. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Pharmacy, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

An observational retrospective study was conducted over a 5-year period to assess survival and predictors of death in people with HIV-positive serology undergoing antiretroviral treatment with first-line regimens at the Military Hospital of Nampula, Mozambique. We collected data from 332 patient records. Kaplan-Meier boundary product estimator, log-rank, Gehan-Breslow, Tarone-Ware, time-dependent Cox models and estimates of hazard ratios (HR), with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1761938DOI Listing

Factors associated with high-risk behaviors of people newly diagnosed with HIV/AIDS: results from a cross-sectional study in Vietnam.

AIDS Care 2020 May 13:1-9. Epub 2020 May 13.

Division of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Graduate School of Public Health, St. Luke's International University, Tokyo, Japan.

Towards the elimination of this global epidemic, understanding the high-risk behaviors of people newly diagnosed with HIV/AIDS (PNDWH) is essential. This study aimed to describe the general characteristics and high-risk behaviors of PNDWH and identify associated factors for adopting high-risk behaviors. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Vietnam to explore the high-risk behaviors of 506 PNDWH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1761519DOI Listing

The contribution of syndemic conditions to cardiovascular disease risk.

AIDS Care 2020 May 13:1-9. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

The syndemic conditions of low education, childhood maltreatment, depression, HIV, alcohol and cocaine use, and obesity have been established as independent risk factors for cardiovascular risk, but research examining the association between syndemic conditions and cardiovascular risk in high-risk populations is lacking. A total of  = 503 participants underwent an ultrasound of the carotid artery to assess for atherosclerotic plaque. Participants, HIV-infected ( = 202) and HIV-uninfected ( = 301) with and without a history of cocaine use, were a mean age of 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1761518DOI Listing

Transportation cost as a barrier to contraceptive use among women initiating treatment for HIV in Tanzania.

AIDS Care 2020 May 6:1-8. Epub 2020 May 6.

School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Transportation cost is a barrier to HIV treatment, yet no studies have examined its association with contraceptive use among women living with HIV. We analyzed cross-sectional data from women attending three public healthcare facilities in Shinyanga, Tanzania where they initiated antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in the previous 90 days; all facilities offered free contraception. Women self-reported current contraceptive use and the round-trip cost of transportation to the facility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1758613DOI Listing

Primary lung cancer diagnoses in people living with HIV in a large clinical centre in Montreal, Canada over 3 decades.

AIDS Care 2020 May 6:1-5. Epub 2020 May 6.

Chronic Viral Illness Service and Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada.

Lung cancer is the most frequent type of cancer-related death in people living with HIV (PLWH). We conducted a review of primary lung cancers in PLWH at the McGill University Health Centre from 1988-May 2018 to understand potential factors contributing to their development prior to the implementation of a lung cancer screening program. Twenty-seven individuals had a diagnosis of a lung tumor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1758614DOI Listing

Provider experiences with three- and six-month antiretroviral therapy dispensing for stable clients in Zambia.

AIDS Care 2020 May 4:1-7. Epub 2020 May 4.

Partners in Hope Medical Center, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Multi-month dispensing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been taken to scale in many settings in sub-Saharan Africa with the benefits of improved client satisfaction and decreased client costs. Six-month ART dispensing may further increase these benefits; however, data are lacking. Within a cluster-randomized trial of three- versus six-month dispensing in Malawi and Zambia, we performed a sub-study to explore Zambian provider experiences with multi-month dispensing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1755010DOI Listing

Stigma, discrimination, violence, and HIV testing among men who have sex with men in four major cities in Ghana.

AIDS Care 2020 May 4:1-9. Epub 2020 May 4.

Regional Institute for Population Studies, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

LGBTQ populations experience human rights abuses worldwide; data need to document the health impact of these experiences in Africa. In Ghana, we measured events of sexuality-based stigma, discrimination, and violence among men who have sex with men (MSM) and the impact on HIV testing behavior. Data are from respondent-driven sampling surveillance surveys in Accra/Tema, Kumasi, Cape Coast/Takoradi, and Koforidua. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757020DOI Listing

Teachers' quality of work life and attitudes toward implementing a psychosocial intervention for children affected by parental HIV/AIDS: roles of self-efficacy and burnout.

AIDS Care 2020 May 4:1-8. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Macao, People's Republic of China.

Several studies have highlighted that facilitators' attitudes toward interventions are crucial for implementing innovative psychosocial interventions. However, in the emerging implementation science field, little research has examined how organizational and individual factors may influence teachers' positive attitudes and readiness toward evidence-based interventions. The current study investigated the association between teachers' quality of work life and their attitudes toward an innovative psychosocial intervention for children affected by parental HIV/AIDS; the study also probed the potential indirect roles of self-efficacy and burnout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757606DOI Listing

Impact of mail order pharmacy use and travel time to pharmacy on viral suppression among people living with HIV.

AIDS Care 2020 May 4:1-7. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of mail order pharmacy services and travel time to pharmacy on HIV viral suppression rates among people living with HIV. For adult patients receiving HIV care from 2010 to 2015 at an urban HIV care clinic, we collected demographics, pharmacy type, viral load, and patient home and pharmacy address. We geocoded addresses and measured travel time to pharmacy by car and public transportation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757019DOI Listing

Gender differences in the association between childhood sexual abuse and risk behaviors among people living with HIV in Haiti.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 28:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.

Research shows that in the Caribbean one-third of people living with HIV continue to engage in unprotected sexual practices. Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and HIV-related risk behaviors have been found to play a contributory role in HIV transmission. We aimed to analyze gender differences in the association between CSA and substance use and sexual risk behaviors among Haitians living with HIV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757022DOI Listing

Correlates of social isolation among people living with HIV in British Columbia, Canada.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 28:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Epidemiology and Population Health Program, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada.

Our study aims to define and identify correlates of social isolation among people living with HIV (PLHIV). The Longitudinal Investigation into Supportive and Ancillary health services (LISA) study provided a cross-sectional analytic sample of 996 PLHIV in British Columbia, Canada (sampled between 2007 and 2010). Individuals marginalized by socio-structural inequities were oversampled; sampling bias was addressed through inverse probability of participation weighting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757607DOI Listing

Assessing determinants of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence among a sample of rural Midwestern men who have sex with men (MSM).

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 26:1-8. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Center for Sexual Health Promotion, School of Public Health-Bloomington, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) efficacy in preventing HIV among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) is dependent upon adherence. Little is known about the PrEP adherence experiences among MSM who live in rural areas of the US. This qualitative study was informed by a modified version of Straussian Grounded Theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757021DOI Listing

Treatment dropout after pregnancy: a study of women living with HIV in Rio de Janeiro.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 26:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Despite the investment in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, there is still little data about the proportion of women that are retained in treatment after pregnancy in Brazil. Research worldwide shows that a significant proportion of women drop out of treatment after pregnancy. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with treatment dropout of women that received prenatal care at a federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro between 2016 and 2017 and abandoned treatment after pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1755011DOI Listing

HCV knowledge, disclosure practices, and risk perceptions among gay and bisexual men who do and do not engage in group sex while using drugs.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 26:1-4. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, Newtown, Australia.

Research suggests that hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission is more likely among gay and bisexual men (GBM) who engage in sexually adventurous practices, including group sex while using drugs. The current study explored drug use, sexual practices, HCV knowledge, HCV disclosure, and beliefs about HCV transmission among GBM ( = 193) reporting group sex after/while using drugs compared to those who did not. Survey findings indicate that men who participated in group sex while using drugs were more likely to have engaged in other sexually adventurous practices, ever injected drugs, have greater knowledge of HCV, and to be living with HIV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757023DOI Listing

Prof Gita Ramjee- untimely snatched from the world by Covid-19 - a Tribute.

Authors:

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 27:1-2. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1754327DOI Listing

A descriptive study of British South Asians living with HIV in North East London.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 26:1-4. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Department of Infection and Immunity, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.

To our knowledge, no published literature has focused on South Asians living with HIV in the U.K. since 2004. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1754326DOI Listing

Engaging with people living with HIV: challenges experienced by Malaysian counsellors.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 26:1-6. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.

People living with HIV (PLHIV) suffer from mental issues and need emotional support. Counselling is a part of HIV and AIDS care and management, and provides emotional support to PLHIV. Knowledge about HIV and AIDS care and management is not part of the counselling training curriculum in Malaysia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1757024DOI Listing

Anticipated stigma and medication adherence among people living with HIV: the mechanistic roles of medication support and ART self-efficacy.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 26:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Guangxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning, People's Republic of China.

This study aimed to examine the relationship between anticipated stigma and medication adherence as well as the mechanistic roles of medication support and ART self-efficacy. Data were derived from the baseline assessment of a prospective cohort study in Guangxi, China. A total of 1198 PLWH were recruited and assessed on their sociodemographic characteristics, medication adherence, anticipated stigma, medication support, and ART self-efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1728213DOI Listing

Characterization of inpatient rehabilitation outcomes among HIV/AIDS patients: a retrospective cohort study.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 20:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Health Department, State University of New York at Cortland, Cortland, NY, USA.

Survival time in HIV/AIDS patients has increased as a result of improved treatments, but many acquire functional impairments that may necessitate multidisciplinary medical rehabilitation. In the United States, inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF) provide this care, but outcomes are not well described in this population. We used the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation (UDSMR) database to describe 11,051 HIV/AIDS IRF patients; HIV/AIDS patients were grouped according to the following admission criteria: (1) HIV/AIDS as primary reason for admission ( = 225); (2) HIV/AIDS symptomatic comorbidity ( = 6569); and (3) HIV/AIDS asymptomatic comorbidity ( = 4257). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1752889DOI Listing

HCV infection status and care seeking among people living with HIV who use drugs in Vietnam.

AIDS Care 2020 05;32(sup2):83-90

National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam.

HCV co-infection is widespread among people living with HIV who use drugs (PLHWUD). However, HCV testing was inconsistently implemented among PLHWUD. The low infection awareness and mental health challenges together impede PLHWUD's treatment-seeking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1739209DOI Listing

Adolescents' and caregivers' perceptions of caregiver-provided testing and HIV self-testing using oral mucosal transudate tests in Zimbabwe: a short report.

AIDS Care 2020 Apr 16:1-5. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Uptake of HIV testing remains lower among children and adolescents compared to adults. This study explored adolescents' perceptions of HIV self-testing (HIVST) and caregivers' perceptions of testing their children using an oral mucosal transudate (OMT) rapid HIV test (caregiver-provided testing). We conducted 31 interviews with adolescents aged 16-18 years and caregivers of children aged 2-15 years who received an OMT test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2020.1749226DOI Listing