3,498 results match your criteria AIDS and behavior[Journal]


Effect of Patient Navigation on Transitions of HIV Care After Release from Prison: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

Antiretroviral therapy is successfully administered to people living with HIV while they are incarcerated in most US prison systems, but interruptions in treatment are common after people are released. We undertook an observational cohort study designed to examine the clinical and psychosocial factors that influence linkage to HIV care and viral suppression after release from a single state prison system. In this report we describe baseline characteristics and 6-month post-incarceration HIV care outcomes for 170 individuals in Wisconsin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02437-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Changes Over Time in HIV Prevalence and Sexual Behaviour Among Young Female Sex-Workers in 14 Sites in Zimbabwe, 2013-2016.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Centre for Sexual Health, HIV/AIDS Research (CeSHHAR) Zimbabwe, 09 Monmouth Road, Avondale West, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Young female sex-workers (FSW) aged 18-24 are at high risk of HIV due to high numbers of sexual partners, difficulty negotiating condom use, increased risk of gender-based violence, and limited access to services. Here we describe changes in sexual behaviours among young FSW across Zimbabwe between 2013 and 2016, and risk factors for prevalent HIV in 2013 and 2016. FSW ≥ 18 years were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in 14 sites across Zimbabwe in 2013 and 2016 as part of the SAPPH-IRe trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02410-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Health Literacy and Health Outcomes in Persons Living with HIV Disease: A Systematic Review.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

MGH Institute of Health Professions School of Nursing, 36 1st Avenue, Boston, MA, 02129, USA.

Low health literacy is associated with challenges for those living with HIV including medication non-adherence and poorer health outcomes. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on health literacy and health outcomes in persons living with HIV. The extended guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, as well as A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) checklist were utilized to guide the approach to the review. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02432-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02432-9DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Association of Adolescent- and Parent-Reported Relationship Functioning with HIV Sexual Risk Among Adolescents in Botswana.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Psychology, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland, OR, 97207, USA.

Globally, adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa are the youth most affected by HIV. Parent-adolescent relationships can be protective in child and adolescent development and may be implicated in lowered adolescent HIV sexual risk. However, the importance of parental and adolescent perceptions of their relationship and assessing the implications of family functioning in adolescents' risk for HIV or other sexually transmitted infections are not well established in the research literature. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02429-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02429-4DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Self-reported Cannabis Use and Changes in Body Mass Index, CD4 T-Cell Counts, and HIV-1 RNA Suppression in Treated Persons with HIV.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Cannabis use is prevalent among HIV-positive persons, but evidence regarding the impact of cannabis in HIV-positive persons is limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HIV-positive adults initiating their first antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen. A dedicated intake form assessed self-reported cannabis use in the preceding 7 days at each visit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02430-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Characteristics of Persons Who Inject Drugs with Recent HIV Infection in the United States: National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 2012.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS E-46, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA.

We evaluated characteristics associated with recent HIV infection among persons who inject drugs (PWID) from 19 U.S. cities who participated in 2012 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02420-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02420-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mozambique's Community Antiretroviral Therapy Support Group Program: The Role of Social Relationships in Facilitating HIV/AIDS Treatment Retention.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

The Lewis Family Foundation, Boston, MA, USA.

The Community Antiretroviral (ARV) Therapy Support Group (CASG) program aims to address low retention rates in Mozambique's HIV treatment program and the absorptive capacity of the country's health facilities. CASG provides patients with the opportunity to form groups, whose members provide peer support and collect ARV medications on a rotating basis for one another. Based on the promising results in one province, a multi-site level evaluation followed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02419-6DOI Listing
February 2019
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Effects of a Short Message Service (SMS) Intervention on Reduction of HIV Risk Behaviours and Improving HIV Testing Rates Among Populations located near Roadside Wellness Clinics: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Short Message Service (SMS) offers an innovative method of promoting sexual health to key and vulnerable populations who are users of mobile phones and are at high risk of HIV infection. This cluster randomised control trial tests the effectiveness of a SMS intervention in reducing HIV risk behaviours and improving HIV testing behaviours among truck drivers, sex workers and community residents located near Roadside Wellness Clinics (RWCs) in three southern African countries. The SMS arm received 35 HIV risk reduction and HIV testing SMSs over a 6-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02427-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychosocial Correlates of HIV Testing Frequency Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Guangzhou, China.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

We examined sociodemographic and psychosocial factors associated with HIV testing patterns in the past 2 years among 492 HIV-negative men who have sex men (MSM) at an HIV testing center in Guangzhou, China. MSM who tested for HIV frequently were more likely to be older, reside in Guangzhou, and have higher monthly income. Compared with MSM who tested frequently, MSM who never tested were less likely to report that their sexual partner(s) had ever received HIV tests or that their good friends had ever received HIV tests, and were less likely to report having an HIV-positive gay friend or ever discussing HIV with sexual partners; they were more likely to report perceiving barriers to HIV testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02431-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of Rurality on HIV Testing Practices Across the United States, 2012-2017.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Deparment of Geography, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA.

In the US, HIV testing has been key in the identification of new HIV cases, allowing for the initiation of antiretroviral treatment and a reduction in disease transmission. We consider the influence of living in a rural area (rurality) on HIV testing between different US regions and states as existing work in this area is limited. Using the 2012-2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems surveys, we explored the independent role of rurality on having ever been tested for HIV and having a recent HIV test at the national, regional, and state levels by calculating average adjusted predictions (AAPs) and average marginal effects (AMEs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02436-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Community Levels of PrEP Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men by Race/Ethnicity, San Francisco, 2017.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Efforts in San Francisco are maximizing the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM) where high levels of use are needed to maximize reducing new HIV infections. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance surveys MSM in San Francisco. Demographics, health care and risk behaviors are assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02428-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Consent for HIV Testing Among Adolescent Sexual Minority Males: Legal Status, Youth Perceptions, and Associations with Actual Testing and Sexual Risk Behavior.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Centers for Behavioral and Preventative Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.

This brief report presents a preliminary investigation of the relations between minor consent laws for HIV testing/treatment and testing behavior among adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM; N = 127; ages 14-17). Most participants had legal capacity to consent without parental/guardian permission (HIV testing: 79%; HIV testing/treatment: 65%). Despite having this legal right, few (15%) had ever tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02424-9DOI Listing
February 2019

If You Build It, Will They Use It? Preferences for Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Adherence Monitoring Among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Kazakhstan.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Division of Gender, Sexuality & Health, HIV Center, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is an important predictor of long-term treatment success and is associated with optimal individual and public health outcomes. Novel technologies, such as electronic monitoring devices (EMDs) or pharmacokinetic testing, provide more objective measures of ART adherence than traditional measures of adherence (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02421-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Application of an HIV Prevention Cascade to Identify Gaps in Increasing Coverage of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Services in 42 Rural Zambian Communities.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Public Health, Environments and Society, Public Health and Policy, The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Increased coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is needed in countries with high HIV prevalence. We applied an HIV-prevention cascade to identify gaps in male circumcision coverage in Zambia. We used survey data collected in 2013 and 2014/15 to describe circumcision coverage at each time-point, and prevalence of variables related to demand for and supply of VMMC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02407-wDOI Listing
February 2019

High HIV/STI Test Acceptance Through a Behavioral Health Encounter in Latino Immigrants with Substance Use and Mental Health Problems.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Columbia School of Social Work, New York, USA.

Latino immigrants with substance use and mental health problems are at risk for undiagnosed HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Participants in a randomized control trial were recruited in Boston, USA and Madrid and Barcelona, Spain. Eligibility criteria were Latino self-identification, age 18-70, elevated substance use and mental health symptoms, and not currently in substance or mental health care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02413-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Acceptability and Predictors of Uptake of Anti-retroviral Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Among Fishing Communities in Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Discrete Choice Experiment Survey.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda.

We used a discrete choice experiment to assess the acceptability and potential uptake of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among 713 HIV-negative members of fishing communities in Uganda. Participants were asked to choose between oral pill, injection, implant, condoms, vaginal ring (women), and men circumcision. Product attributes were HIV prevention effectiveness, sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention, contraception, waiting time, and secrecy of use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02418-7DOI Listing
February 2019
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HIV Prevalence and Sexual Behaviors Among Transgender Women in Tehran, Iran.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

To date, no study has looked at the prevalence of HIV and the high-risk behaviors among transgender women in Iran. Between May 2013 and February 2014, 104 transgender women were recruited for participation in this study. Inclusion criteria consisted of having an official letter from the Tehran Psychiatric Institute, or a well-known psychiatrist, that showed a diagnosis of gender dysphoria and/or completed Gender-Affirming Surgery at least 6 months prior to this study. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-018-02380-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02380-wDOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Network Properties Among Gay, Bisexual and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men Vary by Race.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.

The HIV burden among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) may be related to variations in network characteristics of the individual's social and sexual network. This study investigates variations in network properties among 188 Black and 295 White GBM recruited in New Orleans during the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance in 2014. Participants described up to five people who provided social support and five sex partners in the past 3 months. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02416-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02416-9DOI Listing
February 2019
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The Longitudinal Effects of Non-injection Substance Use on Sustained HIV Viral Load Undetectability Among MSM and Heterosexual Men in Brazil and Thailand: The Role of ART Adherence and Depressive Symptoms (HPTN 063).

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.

The effect of non-injection substance use on HIV viral load (VL) is understudied in international settings. Data are from HPTN063, a longitudinal observational study of HIV-infected individuals in Brazil, Thailand, and Zambia, with focus on men with VL data (Brazil = 146; Thailand = 159). Generalized linear mixed models (GLMM) assessed whether non-injection substance use (stimulants, cannabis, alcohol, polysubstance) was associated with VL undetectability. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02415-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02415-wDOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Exploring the Relationship Between Foster Care Experiences and HIV Risk Behaviors Among a Sample of Homeless Former Foster Youth.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Suzanne Dworak Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA.

Recent research shows high rates of poor behavioral health outcomes among homeless former foster youth, including increased risk for HIV-risk behaviors. In the current study, data were collected from 184 youth at drop-in centers in Los Angeles using behavioral health questionnaires to explore the relationships between specific aspects of foster care experiences and engagement in HIV-risk behaviors. Results indicated that youth whose first homelessness experience occurred before leaving foster care were significantly more likely to engage in drug use with sex and exchange sex than those whose first homelessness experience occurred after leaving foster care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02417-8DOI Listing
February 2019

A Systematic Review of Interventions that Promote Frequent HIV Testing.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Division on Gender, Sexuality, and Health, Department of Psychiatry, HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

As of 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) HIV testing guidelines recommend that those at increased risk for HIV are tested two to four times per year. Evidence-based interventions that promote frequent and repeated testing remain sparse. We conducted a systematic review to: (1) identify frequent testing interventions; and (2) determine which were successful in increasing frequent testing rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02414-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Awareness and Use Within High HIV Transmission Networks.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, 924 E 57th St, Suite 104, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

Improved implementation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) should be a valuable tool within communities experiencing high HIV incidence, such as black men who have sex with men (MSM). Using baseline data from the Chicago arm of the Transmission Reduction Intervention Project (TRIP), we examined awareness and use of PrEP within HIV potential transmission networks. Transmission Reduction Intervention Project recruited participants ages 18-69 (N = 218) during 2014-2016 from networks originating from recently and chronically HIV-infected MSM and transgender persons. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02411-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02411-0DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating the Role of Family Context Within a Randomized Adolescent HIV-Risk Prevention Trial.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.

Project STYLE is a multi-site 3-arm RCT comparing family-based, adolescent-only, and general health promotion interventions with 721 adolescents in mental health treatment. This study reports 12-month outcomes for family context and sexual risk behaviors, and explores the role of baseline family context in modifying treatment response. Using the full sample, there were sustained benefits for parent-reported sexual communication (d = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02400-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Feasibility and Acceptability of an Online Positive Affect Intervention for Those Living with Comorbid HIV Depression.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University, 625 N Michigan Ave #2726, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Positive affect has unique beneficial effects on psychological and physical health, independent of the effects of negative affect. Interventions that explicitly target positive affect show promise for improving health outcomes in a number of chronic illnesses. In this article, we present pilot data on the acceptability and feasibility of an online intervention to increase positive affect in those living with comorbid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02412-zDOI Listing
January 2019

Friendships Among Young South African Women, Sexual Behaviours and Connections to Sexual Partners (HPTN 068).

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9 SH, UK.

Friends could be influential on young women's sexual health via influences on sexual behaviours and as connections to sexual partners, but are understudied in sub-Saharan Africa. We cross-sectionally surveyed 2326 13-20 year-old young women eligible for grades 8-11 in rural South Africa about their sexual behaviour and up to three sexual partners. Participants each described five specific but unidentified friends and the relationships between them in an 'egocentric' network analysis design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02406-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Supportive Housing Promotes AIDS-Free Survival for Chronically Homeless HIV Positive Persons with Behavioral Health Conditions.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Epidemiology Services, 42-09 28th Street, Queens, NY, 11101, USA.

We assessed the influence of supportive housing, incarceration, and health service use on markers of HIV infection for people living with HIV and serious mental illness or substance use disorder (SUD) participating in a New York City supportive housing program (NY III). Using matched administrative data from 2007 to 2014, we compared survivor time without AIDS, achievement of undetectable viral load, and maintenance of viral suppression between NY III tenants (n = 696), applicants placed in other supportive housing programs (n = 333), and applicants not placed in supportive housing (n = 268). Inverse probability of treatment weights were applied to Cox proportional hazards regression models to account for confounding of observed variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02398-8DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Experiences of Stigma and Support Reported by Participants in a Network Intervention to Reduce HIV Transmission in Athens, Greece; Odessa, Ukraine; and Chicago, Illinois.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Institute for Infectious Disease Research, National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, Fourth Floor, New York, NY, 10010, USA.

A growing body of evidence suggests that network-based interventions to reduce HIV transmission and/or improve HIV-related health outcomes have an important place in public health efforts to move towards 90-90-90 goals. However, the social processes involved in network-based recruitment may pose a risk to participants of increasing HIV-related stigma if network recruitment causes HIV status to be assumed, inferred, or disclosed. On the other hand, the social processes involved in network-based recruitment to HIV testing may also encourage HIV-related social support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02402-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Multilevel Factors Associated with a Lack of Viral Suppression Among Persons Living with HIV in a Federally Funded Housing Program.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Division of Disease Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 42-09 28th Street, CN-22, Long Island City, NY, 11101, USA.

Persons with HIV who are receiving housing services often have high rates of engagement in care, yet many are not virally suppressed. We linked data from the New York City Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA) program to electronically reported laboratory tests from the HIV surveillance registry to examine factors associated with a lack of viral suppression. Of 1491 HOPWA consumers, 523 (35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02399-7DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

MSM Behavior Disclosure Networks and HIV Testing: An Egocentric Network Analysis Among MSM in China.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

University of North Carolina Project-China, Guangzhou, China.

Men who have sex with men (MSM) disclose same-sex behaviors with others, creating disclosure networks. This study examined the characteristics of disclosure networks that are associated with HIV testing among MSM in China through an online nationwide survey. Name-generator questions were used to ask each participant ("ego") to nominate up to five social network members ("alters") with whom he had disclosed same-sex behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02404-zDOI Listing
January 2019

Cost of Community-Based HIV Testing Activities to Reach Saturation in Botswana.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Global HIV & TB, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E-04, Atlanta, GA, 30329-4018, USA.

In Botswana, 85% of persons living with HIV are aware of their status. We performed an economic analysis of HIV testing activities implemented during intensive campaigns, in 11 communities, between April 2015 and March 2016, through the Botswana Combination Prevention Project. The total cost was $1,098,312, or $99,847 per community, with 60% attributable to home-based testing and 40% attributable to mobile testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02408-9DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Coital Frequency and Male Concurrent Partnerships During Pregnancy and Postpartum in Agbogbloshie, Ghana.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Regional Institute for Population Studies, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

During pregnancy and postpartum, women in high HIV prevalence regions continue to be at high risk for acquiring HIV, due to both behavioral and biological mechanisms, despite declines in coital frequency as a pregnancy advances. We estimated differences in rates of partnership concurrency for men with and without pregnant or postpartum sexual partners. We used monthly retrospective panel data from Ghana from three perspectives: couple-level data, female reports of pregnancy and male partner concurrency, and male reports of concurrent partnerships and female partner pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02403-0DOI Listing
January 2019

A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial of Game Plan, A Web Application to Help Men Who Have Sex with Men Reduce Their HIV Risk and Alcohol Use.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Center for Alcohol and Addictions Studies, Brown University School of Public Health, 121 South Main Street, Providence, RI, 02912, USA.

Alcohol use is a key risk factor for HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). Past studies show that brief motivational interventions (BMI) can increase the use of prevention methods (e.g. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02396-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02396-wDOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Debrief Reports to Expedite the Impact of Qualitative Research: Do They Accurately Capture Data from In-depth Interviews?

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Population Council, New York, NY, USA.

"Debrief reports" (DRs) use structured forms to capture key concepts from in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. They are completed by interviewers and rapidly disseminated to key team members to facilitate identification of potential problems with study procedures, recruitment, or participant engagement and to inform critical adjustments, which can be especially pertinent in intervention studies. Their reliability and validity have yet to be formally evaluated. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-018-02387-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02387-3DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Association Between Disclosure of Same Sex Behavior to Healthcare Providers and PrEP Awareness Among BMSM in Baltimore.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2213 McElderry St., 2nd FL, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

The goal of this study was to explore the association between disclosure of same sex behavior to a healthcare provider and PrEP awareness in a sample of 192 Black MSM in Baltimore. After adjusting for age, education, sexual identity and employment status, we observed a trend of greater PrEP awareness among Black MSM who disclosed same sex behaviors to healthcare providers (adjusted odds ratio = 2.24, p = 0. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02401-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02401-2DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Underutilization of HIV Testing Among Men with Incarceration Histories.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, 130 Mason Farm Road, CB# 7030, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

Annual HIV testing is recommended for individuals at high risk of infection, specifically incarcerated populations. Incarcerated men carry a higher lifetime risk of acquiring HIV than the general population, yet little is known about their HIV testing behaviors. We collected Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview data for 819 men entering a state prison in North Carolina. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-018-02381-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02381-9DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Correlates of Fatigue Among South African Adolescents Living with HIV and Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Fatigue among adolescents living with HIV is poorly understood. In this study, we examined the relationships between fatigue and demographic and psychosocial variables to further the understanding of the symptom experience and associated factors. We recruited consecutive attenders at ART clinics in the Western Cape, South Africa (N = 134, age 11-18 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02384-6DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Associations Between Anxiety and Adherence to Antiretroviral Medications in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Ave, UW, Box 359927, Seattle, WA, 98104-2420, USA.

Untreated mental health disorders among people living with HIV (PLHIV) may prevent low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets. Anxiety disorders may be associated with decreased adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We sought to review and meta-analyze studies estimating associations between anxiety and ART adherence in LMICs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02390-8DOI Listing
January 2019
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The Intersection of HIV, Social Vulnerability, and Reproductive Health: Analysis of Women Living with HIV in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from 1996 to 2016.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Comprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and social needs for women living with HIV remains limited globally. We aimed to assess trends in baseline sociodemographic, clinical, sexual, and reproductive characteristics among a cohort of HIV-infected women in Rio de Janeiro from 1996 to 2016. Participants were stratified into four time periods based on year of enrollment; we compared cross-sectional data from each period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02395-xDOI Listing
January 2019
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The Effect of HIV Self-Testing Delivery Models on Female Sex Workers' Sexual Behaviors: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Urban Uganda.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Global Health, University of Washington, 908 Jefferson St, 12th Floor, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA.

HIV self-testing increases recent and frequent HIV testing among female sex workers (FSWs) in urban Uganda. Using results from a randomized controlled trial, we aim to establish the effect of HIV self-testing delivery models on FSWs' sexual behaviors in this setting. Clusters of one peer educator and eight participants were 1:1:1 randomized to: (1) direct provision of an HIV self-test, (2) provision of a coupon for facility collection of an HIV self-test, or (3) referral to standard-of-care HIV testing services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02393-zDOI Listing
January 2019
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Experiences of Anticipated and Enacted Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Stigma Among Latino MSM in Los Angeles.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.

Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) are a group critically affected by HIV. Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical prevention strategy that can help reduce new infections in this population. However, PrEP use may expose users to experiences of PrEP-related stigma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02397-9DOI Listing
January 2019
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Recalling, Sharing and Participating in a Social Media Intervention Promoting HIV Testing: A Longitudinal Analysis of HIV Testing Among MSM in China.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

University of North Carolina - Project China, Guangzhou, China.

Social media interventions may enhance HIV services among key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM). This longitudinal analysis examined the effect of recalling, sharing, and participating in different components of a social media intervention on HIV testing among MSM. The social media intervention included six images/texts and information about an online local community contest to promote testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02392-0DOI Listing
January 2019
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Use of an mHealth Intervention to Improve Engagement in HIV Community-Based Care Among Persons Recently Released from a Correctional Facility in Washington, DC: A Pilot Study.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.

We examined the preliminary effectiveness of a computerized counseling session plus post-incarceration text messaging intervention (CARE + Corrections) to support ART adherence and linkage/engagement in community care among recently incarcerated persons with HIV in Washington, D.C. Recently incarcerated persons with HIV ≥ 18 years old were recruited from the D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02389-1DOI Listing
January 2019
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A Multilevel Analysis of Social Network Characteristics and Technology Use on HIV Risk and Protective Behaviors Among Transgender Women.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Social Welfare, Luskin School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

This study examined the empirical structure (i.e., size, density, duration) of transgender women's social networks and estimated how network alters' perceived HIV risk/protective behaviors influenced transgender women's own HIV risk/protective behaviors. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02391-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02391-1DOI Listing
January 2019
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Barriers to HIV Testing: Patient and Provider Perspectives in the Deep South.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1720 2nd Avenue South, 573H Nursing Building, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.

Although CDC guidelines call for universal, "opt-out" HIV testing, barriers to testing continue to exist throughout the United States, with the rural South particularly vulnerable to both HIV infection and decreased awareness of status. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate uptake of "opt-out" HIV testing and barriers to testing within the primary care setting in the South. A concurrent triangulation design guided the collection of quantitative data from patients (N = 250) and qualitative data from providers (N = 10) across three primary health clinics in Alabama. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-018-02385-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02385-5DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Predicting Pharmacist Dispensing Practices and Comfort Related to Pre-exposure Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention (PrEP).

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Larkin University College of Pharmacy, Miami, FL, USA.

To identify factors associated with pharmacist dispensing practice and comfort counseling patients about pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention (PrEP). Cross-sectional 2016 census of Indiana managing pharmacists measured PrEP awareness, comfort dispensing and counseling patients. Modified Poisson models with robust error variance estimated relative risks and confidence intervals. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-018-02383-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02383-7DOI Listing
January 2019
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Determinants, Prevalence and Trend of Use of Medicinal Plants Among People Living with HIV: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Dschang, Cameroon.

AIDS Behav 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Centre for Research in Medical Pharmacology, University of Insubria, Via Monte Generoso, n. 71, 21100, Varese, Italy.

People living with HIV (PLHIV) in Cameroon often seek care from traditional health practitioners (THPs) and use medicinal plants (MP). Most MP, however, still lacks evidence for their efficacy and safety, and their use, often undisclosed to referring physicians, may interfere with standard therapies. Therefore, we conducted a survey of 247 PLHIV in Dschang to assess the determinants, prevalence and trend of MP use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-02388-2DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read