281,882 results match your criteria AIDS London England[Journal]


Perfluoroalkyl substances in the Lingang hybrid constructed wetland, Tianjin, China: occurrence, distribution characteristics, and ecological risks.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Tianjin Lingang Construction Development Co., Ltd, Tianjin, 300450, China.

In this study, the occurrence, spatial distribution, sources, and ecological risks of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the surface waters of the Lingang hybrid constructed wetland were systematically investigated. Twenty-three PFASs were analyzed from 7 representative sampling zones. The obtained results indicated that PFBA, PFPeA, PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFBS, PFOS, and HFPO-DA were frequently detected; and PFBA, PFOA, and PFOS were the dominant PFASs with the relative abundances in ranges of 26. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09921-8DOI Listing

HIV-1 Virologic Rebound Due to Coadministration of Divalent Cations and Bictegravir.

Infect Dis Ther 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

A potential drug-drug interaction exists between divalent and trivalent cations (Ca, Fe, Mg, Al, Zn) and HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs). There are limited case reports describing the clinical significance of this potential interaction and none to our knowledge identifying zinc co-administration with INSTIs. In this report we present a patient taking bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide who became viremic after ingesting zinc and calcium supplements and later was able to obtain virologic re-suppression after discontinuing supplements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40121-020-00307-4DOI Listing

Anemia and thrombocytopenia in people living with HIV/AIDS: a narrative literature review.

Int Health 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Centre for Health and Rural Sciences, University of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil.

Hematologic changes are frequent complications in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Anemia and thrombocytopenia are the most frequent multifactorial hematologic abnormalities and are associated with a low quality of life and high death rates. This study aims to describe the prevalence of anemia and thrombocytopenia in PLWHA and to identify the main clinical characteristics that aggravate these conditions in studies published in the last 10 y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihaa036DOI Listing

Impacts of shrub introduction on soil properties and implications for dryland revegetation.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 23;742:140498. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China; CAS Center for Excellence in Quaternary Science and Global Change, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China; Interdisciplinary Research Center of Earth Science Frontier, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.

The intensive introduction of shrubs to drylands can alter species composition and affect a series of biotic and abiotic processes. This topic has attracted increasing attention by researchers. To assess the response of soil properties to vegetation succession in arid regions of China, we measured the soil water content (SWC) to a depth of 5-m and determined soil properties of surface (0-5 cm) and subsurface (20-25 cm) layers in areas of natural grasses (NGs) and planted shrubs (PSs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140498DOI Listing

Preventing HIV Outbreaks in Local Communities Among People Who Inject Drugs.

Authors:
Philip J Peters

Mayo Clin Proc 2020 Jul;95(7):1325-1328

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Epidemiology, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.02.004DOI Listing

Effect of holding objects on the occurrence of head impact in falls by older adults: Evidence from real-life falls in long-term care.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.

Background: Falls cause approximately 80% of traumatic brain injuries in older adults, and nearly one-third of falls by residents in long-term care (LTC) result in head impact. Holding objects during falls, such as mobility aids, may affect the ability of LTC residents to avoid head impact by arresting the fall with their upper limbs. We examined the prevalence of holding objects and their effect on risk for head impact during real-life falls in older adults living in LTC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glaa168DOI Listing

Probing protein-induced membrane fouling with in-situ attenuated total reflectance fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares.

Water Res 2020 Jun 17;183:116052. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

CAS Key Laboratory of Urban Pollutant Conversion, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China. Electronic address:

Proteins are one of the major contributors to membrane fouling. The interaction between proteins and the polymer membrane at the molecular level is essential for the alleviation/prevention of membrane fouling, but remains unclear. In this work, time-dependent in-situ attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy is applied to investigate the interaction process between two model proteins, bovine serum albumin and lysozyme, and the poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.116052DOI Listing

Integrated Approaches to Reveal Mechanisms by which RNA Viruses Reprogram the Cellular Environment.

Methods 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Chemistry, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States. Electronic address:

RNA viruses are major threats to global society and mass outbreaks can cause long-lasting damage to international economies. RNA and related retro viruses represent a large and diverse family that contribute to the onset of human diseases such as AIDS; certain cancers like T cell lymphoma; severe acute respiratory illnesses as seen with COVID-19; and others. The hallmark of this viral family is the storage of genetic material in the form of RNA, and upon infecting host cells, their RNA genomes reprogram the cellular environment to favor productive viral replication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymeth.2020.06.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329689PMC

Multimonth dispensing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV.

Lancet HIV 2020 Jul;7(7):e457-e458

USAID, Bureau for Global Health, and Office of HIV/AIDS, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30169-7DOI Listing

A mixed-method randomized feasibility trial evaluating progressive muscle relaxation or autogenic training on depressive symptoms and quality of life in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have depressive symptoms.

J Complement Integr Med 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Clinique médicale l'Actuel, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Background Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and autogenic training (AT) are effective relaxation techniques to reduce depressive symptoms. However, no studies on their effectiveness have been conducted among people living with HIV and depressive symptoms. The primary aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of PMR and AT interventions among people living with HIV who have depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2019-0167DOI Listing

Review of the use of gentian violet in dermatology practice.

Dermatol Online J 2020 May 15;26(5). Epub 2020 May 15.

Center for Dermatology Research, Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC.

Objective: To review the use of gentian violet in dermatology.

Design: A comprehensive literature search on gentian violet in dermatology practice was performed through PubMed.

Results: Gentian violet is effective in treating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-colonized skin lesions; mean number of days for complete eradication was 9. Read More

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Does it match? Analyzing self-reported online dermatology match data to Charting Outcomes in the Match.

Dermatol Online J 2020 Apr 15;26(4). Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Dermatology is arguably the most competitive residency (81.6% match rate for United States allopathic seniors) with significantly more applicants than available positions. To objectify this process, the National Residency Match Program (NRMP) has produced bi-annual Charting Outcomes in Match (COM) datasets, which aggregate data from the prior two application cycles and tabulate statistics to aid applicants. Read More

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Mental Health Screening Practices Among Primary Care Providers in High HIV Burden Areas of the South: Does Having Patients with HIV Matter?

J Behav Health Serv Res 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Centers for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Mental health (MH) disorders are associated with HIV-related risk and health outcomes. Primary care providers (PCPs) conducting MH screenings can link persons living with HIV (PWH) to appropriate services, particularly in HIV burden areas of Southeastern States (the South). Little data exist on PCPs' MH screening practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11414-020-09719-zDOI Listing
July 2020
1.026 Impact Factor

A Multidimensional Approach of Surgical Mortality Assessment and Stratification (Smatt Score).

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 3;10(1):10964. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Medical Direction, Foundation IRCCS San Matteo Hospital, Viale Golgi 19, 27100, Pavia, Italy.

Surgical mortality is the most significant measure of outcome in surgical healthcare. The objective was to assess surgical 30 days mortality and improve the identification of predictors for personalized risk stratification of patients undergoing elective and emergency surgery. The study was conducted as a single-center cohort retrospective observational study, based on the analysis of data collected from patients surgically treated from 2002 to 2014 in a multi-disciplinary research and care referral hospital with global case mix of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67164-6DOI Listing

Oculomotor freezing reflects tactile temporal expectation and aids tactile perception.

Nat Commun 2020 Jul 3;11(1):3341. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Psychology, New York University, 6 Washington Place, New York, NY, 10003, USA.

The oculomotor system keeps the eyes steady in expectation of visual events. Here, recording microsaccades while people performed a tactile, frequency discrimination task enabled us to test whether the oculomotor system shows an analogous preparatory response for unrelated tactile events. We manipulated the temporal predictability of tactile targets using tactile cues, which preceded the target by either constant (high predictability) or variable (low predictability) time intervals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17160-1DOI Listing

TOX is expressed by exhausted and polyfunctional human effector memory CD8 T cells.

Sci Immunol 2020 Jul;5(49)

Center for Infectious Medicine, Department of Medicine Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

CD8 T cell exhaustion is a hallmark of many cancers and chronic infections. In mice, T cell factor 1 (TCF-1) maintains exhausted CD8 T cell responses, whereas thymocyte selection-associated HMG box (TOX) is required for the epigenetic remodeling and survival of exhausted CD8 T cells. However, it has remained unclear to what extent these transcription factors play analogous roles in humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciimmunol.aba7918DOI Listing

Where you live can impact your cancer risk: a look at multiple myeloma in New York City.

Ann Epidemiol 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Population Health Science and Policy, The Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Purpose: To visualize variation in multiple myeloma (MM) incidence and mortality rates by race-ethnicity and geographic location and evaluate their correlation with neighborhood-level population covariates within New York City (NYC).

Methods: Trends and racial differences in MM incidence and mortality for the United States [Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Cancer Registry (SEER), National Center for Health Statistics], and NYC [New York State Cancer Registry] were compared using Joinpoint regression. Pearson's correlation coefficients measured neighborhood-level MM-covariate relationships (n = 34). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2020.05.005DOI Listing

Minimally invasive procedures for the recognition and diagnosis of oral precancer and cancer.

Dis Mon 2020 Jun 30:101033. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

College of Dental Medicine, Roseman University of Health Sciences, South Jordan, Utah 84095, United States. Electronic address:

Oral cancer represents a blend of genetic and epigenetic instability. Many a times, oral cancer occurs in the background of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs), which could be easily detected and diagnosed. Various diagnostic aids have been explored for early detection of oral cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disamonth.2020.101033DOI Listing

Extent of in-utero transfer of tenofovir from mother to fetus: a paired analysis of hair specimens collected at birth from a cohort in the United States.

J Infect Dis 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Understanding in-utero transfer of antiretrovirals is critical for interpreting safety. Hair levels measure cumulative exposure. We measured tenofovir concentrations in hair at delivery among women living with HIV receiving tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-based treatment and their infants using liquid chromatography/tandem mass-spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa398DOI Listing

Fractures in children and adolescents living with perinatally acquired HIV.

Bone 2020 Jun 30:115515. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology/Diabetology and Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Across numerous settings, bone mineral density for age and sex is lower in children/adolescents living with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) compared to uninfected peers. We assessed incidences of any fracture/any long bone fracture, and osteoporosis prevalence in PHIV and HIV-exposed uninfected (PHEU) participants in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS).

Methodology: Lifetime history of fracture events from birth up to age 20 years was obtained by chart review and/or interview, including age at fracture, mechanism, and bone(s) fractured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2020.115515DOI Listing

Morphological patterns of the palatal rugae: A review.

J Oral Biosci 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Dental Public Health, School of Dentistry, International Medical University, 126, Jln Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Background: Palatal rugae are asymmetric ridges of connective tissue located behind the incisive papilla over the anterior hard palate. They serve as stable superimposition landmarks to assess tooth movement in orthodontics and as identification aids in forensic odontology. However, the stability of palatal rugae remains controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.job.2020.06.003DOI Listing

Capacity building, local ownership and implementation of a multi-level HIV/AIDS positive health, dignity, and prevention initiative in Mozambique: approach, challenges and lessons learned.

Glob Health Action 2020 Dec;13(1):1769900

Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California , San Francisco, CA, USA.

Mozambique has for many years suffered from a high burden of HIV with an estimated prevalence of 11.1% among adults age 15-49 years. In response, Positive Health, Dignity, and Prevention (or Positive Prevention as it is known in Mozambique), was developed as a method of integrating HIV care and prevention via capacity building. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2020.1769900DOI Listing
December 2020

When COVID-19 Crosses Paths with AIDS in the Homeless.

J Med Virol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Medicine, RWJ Barnabas Health, NBIMC, Newark, New Jersey.

The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created new challenges and magnified existing ones for immunocompromised individuals who may be at risk for worse clinical outcomes. Severe COVID-19 has been associated with a hyperimmune response characterized by a surge in cytokine release defined as a cytokine release syndrome (CRS) (1). Among immunocompromised patients, the inability to mount an immune response may be protective against a poor outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26255DOI Listing

High neutralizing antibody titer in intensive care unit patients with COVID-19.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2020 Jul 3:1-30. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

AIDS Institute, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a wide spectrum of disease severity from mild upper respiratory symptoms to respiratory failure. The role of neutralizing antibody (NAb) response in disease progression remains elusive. This study determined the seroprevalence of 733 non-COVID-19 individuals from April 2018 to February 2020 in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and compared the neutralizing antibody (NAb) responses of eight COVID-19 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with those of 42 patients not admitted to the ICU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2020.1791738DOI Listing

Sociodemographic Predictors of HIV Infection among Pregnant Women in Botswana: Cross-Sectional Study at 7 Health Facilities.

J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 2020 Jan-Dec;19:2325958220925659

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Botswana, Gaborone.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and sociodemographic predictors of HIV among pregnant women in Botswana.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of randomly enrolled women aged 18 to 49 years, attending 7 health facilities in Botswana. Data were gathered from November 2017 to March 2018 and analyzed using SPSS version 24. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325958220925659DOI Listing

Mapping the Product Range of Interdental Brushes: Sizes, Shapes, and Forces.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2020 Apr 1;18(2):343-354. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Purpose: Preventive dentistry aims to improve oral hygiene, including the use of interdental cleansing aids. Clear and simple classifications may positively impact patient communication and motivate oral health behaviour. To date, there is no comparative analysis of interdental brush classifications and sizes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a44035DOI Listing

Vestigial auriculomotor activity indicates the direction of auditory attention in humans.

Elife 2020 Jul 3;9. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, United States.

Unlike dogs and cats, people do not point their ears as they focus attention on novel, salient, or task-relevant stimuli. Our species may nevertheless have retained a vestigial pinna-orienting system that has persisted as a 'neural fossil' within in the brain for about 25 million years. Consistent with this hypothesis, we demonstrate that the direction of auditory attention is reflected in sustained electrical activity of muscles within the vestigial auriculomotor system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.54536DOI Listing

Case Report: Dynamics of Acquired Fluoroquinolone Resistance under Standardized Short-Course Treatment of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

We report a case of acquired fluoroquinolone (FQ) resistance under short-course multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment. The patient was managed at Kabutare hospital, one of the two specialized MDR-TB clinics in Rwanda. A low dose of moxifloxacin was used in the first three critical months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0201DOI Listing

History of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Korea.

Infect Chemother 2020 Jun;52(2):234-244

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

The first human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was reported in Korea in 1985. The number of HIV-infected persons domestically increased in the 1990s showing epidemic indigenousization. Since then, the number of new infections gradually increased every year, and recently more than 1,000 newly infected cases were reported per year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3947/ic.2020.52.2.234DOI Listing

Patient-reported reasons for declining same-day antiretroviral therapy initiation in routine HIV care settings in Lusaka, Zambia: results from a mixed-effects regression analysis.

J Int AIDS Soc 2020 Jul;23(7):e25560

Implementation Science Unit, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ), Lusaka, Zambia.

Introduction: In the current "test and treat" era, HIV programmes are increasingly focusing resources on linkage to care and same-day antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation to meet UNAIDS 95-95-95 targets. After observing sub-optimal treatment indicators in health facilities supported by the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ), we piloted a "linkage assessment" tool in facility-based HIV testing settings to uncover barriers to same-day linkage to care and ART initiation among newly identified people living with HIV (PLHIV) and to guide HIV programme quality improvement efforts.

Methods: The one-page, structured linkage assessment tool was developed to capture patient-reported barriers to same-day linkage and ART initiation using three empirically supported categories of barriers: social, personal and structural. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jia2.25560DOI Listing

A mobile health-facilitated behavioural intervention for community health workers improves exclusive breastfeeding and early infant HIV diagnosis in India: a cluster randomized trial.

J Int AIDS Soc 2020 Jul;23(7):e25555

School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Introduction: India's national AIDS Control Organization implemented World Health Organization's option B+ HIV prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guidelines in 2013. However, scalable strategies to improve uptake of new PMTCT guidelines to reduce new infection rates are needed. This study assessed impact of Mobile Health-Facilitated Behavioral Intervention on the uptake of PMTCT services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jia2.25555DOI Listing

The Relationship Between Housing Status and Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among People Currently Seeking or Receiving Services in Substance Use Disorder Treatment Programs.

J Prim Prev 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Clinical Research Building, Room 1034, 1120 N.W. 14th ST, Miami, FL, 33136, USA.

Although HIV risk behaviors such as substance use and condomless sex are prevalent among people currently seeking or receiving services at substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programs, associations with housing status in this population have not been well studied. We examined the associations between housing status, substance use and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among 1281 participants from 12 US community-based SUD programs. In addition, substance use was examined as a potential mediator of the relationship between housing status and sexual risk behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10935-020-00597-xDOI Listing

Evaluation of antifungal activity of cinnamaldehyde against Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Zoology, MMV, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India.

Cryptococcosis is a potentially fatal fungal disease which has aggrandized with the emergence of AIDS and antifungal resistance. The currently used antifungals lack the broad-spectrum activity and result in several toxicities during long treatment regimens. Thus, the present study aims to evaluate the antifungal activity of cinnamaldehyde against Cryptococcus neoformans var. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-020-00806-4DOI Listing

Alcohol Use and Antiretroviral Adherence Among Patients Living with HIV: Is Change in Alcohol Use Associated with Change in Adherence?

AIDS Behav 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D), Center of Innovation for Veteran-Centered Value-Driven Care, Veteran Affairs (VA) Puget Sound Health Care System, 1660 S. Columbian Way, S-152, Seattle, WA, 98108, USA.

Alcohol use increases non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among persons living with HIV (PLWH). Dynamic longitudinal associations are understudied. Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) data 2/1/2008-7/31/16 were used to fit linear regression models estimating changes in adherence (% days with ART medication fill) associated with changes in alcohol use based on annual clinically-ascertained AUDIT-C screening scores (range - 12 to + 12, 0 = no change) adjusting for demographics and initial adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-020-02950-xDOI Listing

Global prevalence of HCV and/or HBV coinfections among people who inject drugs and female sex workers who live with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Virol 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Coinfections of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and/or hepatitis B virus (HBV) with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) are associated with high morbidity and mortality and poor prognosis. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of HCV and/or HBV coinfections among people who inject drugs (PWID) and female sex workers (FSWs) who live with HIV/AIDS worldwide. Data sources were searched from January 2008 to October 2018 in different databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and Ovid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-020-04716-1DOI Listing
July 2020
2.282 Impact Factor

Neighborhood Ethnic Composition and Self-rated Health Among Chinese and Vietnamese American Immigrants.

J Immigr Minor Health 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.

Immigrants tend to live in areas with higher co-ethnic density, and the effect of neighborhood ethnic composition could be particularly salient for health. This study explored associations between neighborhood ethnic composition and self-rated health among Asian immigrants. We analyzed data collected at baseline from 670 Chinese and Vietnamese immigrants enrolled in a lifestyle intervention trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-020-01041-2DOI Listing

[Implementation of anesthesia quality indicators in Germany : A prospective, national, multicenter quality improvement study].

Anaesthesist 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Deutschland.

Background: In 2016 the German Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI) and the Association of German Anesthetists (BDA) published 10 quality indicators (QI) to compare and improve the quality of anesthesia care in Germany. So far, there is no evidence for the feasibility of implementation of these QI in hospitals.

Objective: This study tested the hypothesis that the implementation of the 10 QI is feasible in German hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00101-020-00775-wDOI Listing

Black PRAISE: engaging Black congregations to strengthen critical awareness of HIV affecting Black Canadian communities.

Health Promot Int 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Meritus Medical Centre, Inc., 11116 Medical Campus Road, Suite 2904, Hagerstown, MD 21742, USA.

In Canada, HIV disproportionately affects Black communities. Though Black faith leaders play an influential role engaging Black communities around social care and social justice, their response to HIV has been somewhat muted. Black PRAISE is a novel intervention for Black churches to strengthen congregants' critical awareness of HIV affecting Black communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daaa057DOI Listing

Investigation of the thermal quenching of two emission centers in SrMnLi(PO):Eu using time-resolved technique.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Key Laboratory of Strongly-Coupled Quantum Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, School of Physical Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China.

The thermal stability of the phosphors in phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes (LEDs) plays an important role in the practical application of lighting. Herein, the Mn2+-based red-emitting phosphors of pure and Eu2+-doped Sr9MnLi(PO4)7 (SMPO) samples were prepared using the high temperature solid-state reaction method. The crystal field environment around the Mn2+ ions was analyzed by combining the results of photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy and Tanabe-Sugano diagrams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0cp02544eDOI Listing

A Mixed Methods Study Exploring Older Womens' Attitudes Toward Osteoporosis Medications: Adapting a Health Communication Framework.

Womens Health Rep (New Rochelle) 2020 27;1(1):102-113. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.

Bisphosphonates (BPs) can reduce fracture risk for adults with osteoporosis (OP), but they have rare risks, complicating decision making. Guided by an established health decision and communication framework, we explored older women's feelings and positions toward taking BPs. Using a mixed-methods design, we interviewed women >65 years of age who had never taken BPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/whr.2019.0014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325487PMC

Parallel but connected: Nuances of conducting behavioral and social science research alongside ethically challenging HIV remission trials.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2020 Sep 16;19:100594. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

RTI International, Research Trialngle Park, NC, USA.

Collaborations between clinical investigators and behavioral and social science researchers (BSSR) produce many benefits, but also may generate challenges and complexities. Ongoing relationships between teams may affect the research carried out by the BSSR team and the way they interpret their findings. Here we describe our experiences conducting the HIV Remission ('Cure') Trials Decision-Making Study (DMS), in Thailand; these trials include potentially risky interventions and interruption of standard antiretroviral treatment, with little personal benefit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2020.100594DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322675PMC
September 2020

Factors Associated With Testing for Hepatitis C Infections Among a Commercially Insured Population of Persons With HIV, United States 2008-2016.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2020 Jun 6;7(6):ofaa222. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is an important public health problem among people with HIV. People with HIV who are coinfected with HCV infection are at increased risk for cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatitis C-related mortality; as such, national guidelines recommend that persons with HIV be tested for HCV infection.

Methods: Data from the 2003-2017 IBM Watson Health MarketScan database were used for this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofaa222DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320833PMC

A Recent Human Immunodeficiency Virus Outbreak Among People Who Inject Drugs in Munich, Germany, Is Associated With Consumption of Synthetic Cathinones.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2020 Jun 27;7(6):ofaa192. Epub 2020 May 27.

Division of HIV and Other Retroviruses, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Needle and syringe sharing among people who inject drugs (PWID) can result in a rapid regional spread of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) variant. Such outbreaks have been identified recently in several countries and have raised public health attention because of an association with new psychoactive substances (NPS).

Methods: Dried serum spots from approximately 60% of newly diagnosed HIV cases in Germany in 2013-2018 were received together with statutory notification data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofaa192DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314588PMC

Author Correction: HIV and antiretroviral therapy-related fat alterations.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2020 Jul 2;6(1):54. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Sorbonne Université, Faculty of Medicine, Inserm UMR_S938, Saint- Antoine Research Centre, FRM EQU201903007868, ICAN, RHU CARMMA, Paris, France.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41572-020-0197-6DOI Listing

Complete Genome Sequence of a Baboon Simian Foamy Virus Isolated from an Infected Human.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jul 2;9(27). Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Laboratory Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

We obtained the full-length genome of a simian foamy virus (SFV) from an infected human. This virus originated from a baboon ( species, strain SFVpxx_hu9406). The genome is 13,113 nucleotides long with the canonical SFV genome structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00522-20DOI Listing

Moderate rate of transmitted resistance mutations to antiretrovirals and genetic diversity in newly HIV-1 patients diagnosed in Benin.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Jul 2;13(1):314. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institute for Health Research, Epidemiological Surveillance and Training of Senegal, Dakar, Senegal.

Objective: Seventeen years after the start of the IBAARV (Beninese initiative for access to antiretrovirals), transmitted drug resistance mutations in ARV-naïve patients and HIV-1 genetic diversity were investigated in Benin.

Results: Drug resistance mutations were detected in (27/248; 10.9%) according to the WHO SDRM 2009 list, with a predominance of mutations directed against NNRTIs drugs (24/248; 10%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05151-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330984PMC

A comparative study on the prediction of the BP artificial neural network model and the ARIMA model in the incidence of AIDS.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2020 Jul 2;20(1):143. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

School of Public Health Guangxi Medical University, NO.22 Shuangyong Road, Nanning, 530021, China.

Background: As a kind of widely distributed disease in China, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been quickly growing each year, become a serious problem and caused serious damage to the life and health of people and the social events of China and the world because of its high fatality rate. It has been much concerned by all aspects of society. Therefore, developing early warning technology and finding the trend of early development are of quite significance to prevent and control human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12911-020-01157-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330958PMC

Increased expression of CDKN1A/p21 in HIV-1 controllers is correlated with upregulation of ZC3H12A/MCPIP1.

Retrovirology 2020 Jul 2;17(1):18. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Laboratório de AIDS & Imunologia Molecular, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz-IOC, FIOCRUZ, Av. Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21045-900, Brazil.

Background: Some multifunctional cellular proteins, as the monocyte chemotactic protein-induced protein 1 (ZC3H12A/MCPIP1) and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor CDKN1A/p21, are able to modulate the cellular susceptibility to the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Several studies showed that CDKN1A/p21 is expressed at high levels ex vivo in cells from individuals who naturally control HIV-1 replication (HIC) and a recent study supports a coordinate regulation of ZC3H12A/MCPIP1 and CDKN1A/p21 transcripts in a model of renal carcinoma cells. Here, we explored the potential associations between mRNA expression of ZC3H12A/MCPIP1 and CDKN1A/p21 in HIC sustaining undetectable (elite controllers-EC) or low (viremic controllers-VC) viral loads. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12977-020-00522-4DOI Listing

Neurologic alterations in an HIV adult patient with pertussis: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Jul 2;20(1):471. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

IPS Universitaria León XIII, Infectology Service, Cl. 69 # 51C - 24, Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia.

Background: Pertussis is a highly contagious disease of public health interest caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Although its incidence has decreased substantially after the introduction of a vaccination, the burden of the disease remains high. Although the paroxysmal phase is highly disabling, complications are uncommon and more prevalent in children than in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05198-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330534PMC