283 results match your criteria ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders [Journal]


Utility of a novel simulator paradigm in the assessment of driving ability in individuals with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 217 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA.

This study aimed to evaluate the utility of a novel, more cost-effective driving simulator, Assetto Corsa (AC), in detecting differences in driving performance between individuals with and without ADHD. Driving simulators are a useful means of assessing driving performance in those with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, they are frequently expensive and thus unavailable to many researchers. A total of 87 participants (16 with ADHD, 71 without) completed an AC driving simulator task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00303-wDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

7th World Congress on ADHD: From Child to Adult Disorder : 25th-28th April, Lisbon Portugal.

Authors:

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Apr;11(Suppl 1):1-89

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00295-7DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Interoceptive awareness in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Calwerstr. 14, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder normally diagnosed in childhood and persisting into adulthood in up to two-thirds of the patients. Its core symptoms comprise inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behaviours. Several studies suggest that patients with ADHD show alterations in self-regulation and self-monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00299-3DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Social-communicative and attention problems in infancy and toddlerhood as precursors of preschool autistic traits.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):113-122. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychiatry (966), Nijmegen Centre for Evidence-Based Practice, Radboud University Medical Centre, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

This longitudinal study focused on early behavioural problems and autistic traits. In a stratified, population-derived sample of 119 children, mothers reported through questionnaires on externalizing, internalizing, and social-communicative characteristics of their child in infancy (14 months) and toddlerhood (37 months), and on autistic traits at preschool age (4-5 years). Children with consistently normal behaviour from infancy to toddlerhood showed lower autistic traits at preschool age than children with deviant behaviour on one or both time points. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-00284-2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Family-based association study on functional α-synuclein polymorphisms in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):107-111. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Studies have strongly suggested a disturbed regulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). A genetic and phenotypic overlap between both disorders is discussed. A well-studied risk gene for PD is the gene coding for α-synuclein (SNCA). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-019-00286-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00286-8DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Effect of disease-associated SLC9A9 mutations on protein-protein interaction networks: implications for molecular mechanisms for ADHD and autism.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):91-105. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Departments of Psychiatry, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 East Adams St., Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA.

Na/H Exchanger 9 (NHE9) is an endosomal membrane protein encoded by the Solute Carrier 9A, member 9 gene (SLC9A9). SLC9A9 has been implicated in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and cancers. To better understand the function of NHE9 and the effects of disease-associated variants on protein-protein interactions, we conducted a quantitative analysis of the NHE9 interactome using co-immunoprecipitation and isobaric labeling-based quantitative mass spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0281-xDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

ADHD: a hidden comorbidity in adult psychiatric patients.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):83-89. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (aADHD) has recently been better recognized and treated in many European countries. In spite of this development, aADHD still features as a "hidden" comorbidity, often not diagnosed even in patients under psychiatric treatment for other psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence rates of unrecognized aADHD in academic centers providing regular psychiatric services in the Czech Republic and Hungary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00285-9DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Apparent lack of practice effects in the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA) in adult ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):73-81. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Geha Mental Health Center, 1 Helsinki St, P.O. Box 102, 4910002, Petah Tikva, Israel.

The test of variables of attention (TOVA) is a continuous performance test commonly used as an aid for diagnosis of ADHD and assessment of treatment response. It has been studied and standardized in both children and adults. As a repetitive measurement of treatment efficacy, used both in research and in the clinic, it's important to disprove a practice effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0278-5DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Prospective memory (partially) mediates the link between ADHD symptoms and procrastination.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):59-71. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Fliedner Klinik Gevelsberg, Gevelsberg, Germany.

Individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often show poor planning and poor organization of tasks and activities which has been related to reduced memory for delayed intentions (prospective memory) and procrastination-in addition to other cognitive or motivational factors. This study set out to bring the fields of prospective memory and procrastination research together and to explore possible relations between the two constructs in ADHD. Twenty-nine adults with ADHD and 24 healthy controls performed several laboratory-based and real-life prospective memory tasks and filled in questionnaires measuring their symptom severity and procrastination behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0273-xDOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Reaction time variability and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: is increased reaction time variability specific to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Testing predictions from the default-mode interference hypothesis.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):47-58. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

National Institute of Developmental Psychiatry for Children and Adolescents - CNPq, São Paulo, Brazil.

Increased reaction time variability (RTV) is one of the most replicable behavioral correlates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, this may not be specific to ADHD but a more general marker of psychopathology. Here we compare RT variability in individuals with ADHD and those with other childhood internalizing and externalizing conditions both in terms of standard (i. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0257-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0257-xDOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Parent-clinician agreement in rating the presence and severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):21-29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1 XA10, 9713 GZ, Groningen, The Netherlands.

We determined the validity of a parent-report questionnaire as a research tool for rating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children. Using Cohen's kappa and Pearson correlation, we examined the agreement between parent reports of ADHD symptoms (using the Swanson, Nolan and Pelham Questionnaire-IV; SNAP-IV) and clinical judgment (using a semi-structured parent interview). Also, we explored factors that may be associated with the level of agreement, using regression analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0267-8DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The role of the circadian system in the etiology and pathophysiology of ADHD: time to redefine ADHD?

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29;11(1):5-19. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Research Institute Brainclinics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is highly associated with the delayed sleep phase disorder, a circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder, which is prevalent in 73-78% of children and adults with ADHD. Besides the delayed sleep phase disorder, various other sleep disorders accompany ADHD, both in children and in adults. ADHD is either the cause or the consequence of sleep disturbances, or they may have a shared etiological and genetic background. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0271-zDOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

The interplay of delay aversion, timing skills, and impulsivity in children experiencing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, School Psychology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Impulsive behaviours occurring as a central deficit in connection with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are associated with social and academic impairment in children. Whereas impulsivity was shown to be related to both delay aversion and deficient timing skills, the mutual relation between the latter two has hardly been investigated. The present study therefore examined the interplay of delay aversion, timing skills, and impulsivity in a sample of eighty-eight children aged between seven and fourteen, twenty-one of them diagnosed with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00298-4DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Stigma and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: negative perceptions and anger emotional reactions mediate the link between active symptoms and social distance.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Psychology, University of California, 2121 Berkeley Way West, Berkeley, CA, 94720-1650, USA.

This study aimed to understand the contributions of active ADHD symptoms and the diagnostic label of ADHD in yielding negative attitudes and social distance ratings. Using Amazon's Mechanical Turk (n = 305), respondents were assigned to read a vignette about: (a) a typically developing child, (b) a child with active ADHD symptoms and (c) a child with active ADHD symptoms + diagnostic label. Participants were then asked to answer questions about their beliefs and feelings about the child in the vignette. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00302-xDOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Comparisons between sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD-restrictive inattentive presentation phenotypes in a clinical ADHD sample.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

ADHD Outpatient Program, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

There is a debate how different ADHD cases with a comorbid sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) phenotype are from subjects with a pure inattentive ADHD presentation (ADHD-restrictive inattentive presentation). In this study, 214 patients aged 8-15 years from an ADHD outpatient clinic were assessed, and 100 typically developing controls (TD) were recruited as comparisons. No psychiatric comorbidities except for oppositional defiant disorder were allowed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00301-yDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Psychometric properties of a sluggish cognitive tempo scale in Japanese adults with and without ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, 401 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.

This study examined the psychometric properties, convergent validity, and divergent validity of a Japanese translation of Barkley (The Barkley adult ADHD rating scale-IV, Guilford Press, New York, 2011) rating scale for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in adults. In total, 429 Japanese adults participated across three samples: 26 diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; ages 19-50), 81 adults without ADHD (ages 22-65), and 322 university students (ages 18-27). All participants completed rating scales of SCT, ADHD, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00300-zDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Temperamental negative affect, emotion-specific regulation, and concurrent internalizing and externalizing pathology among children with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Life Sciences Building, Room 317, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience high rates of temperamental negative affect and comorbid internalizing and externalizing pathology. The current study explored the role of emotion-specific regulation in accounting for the link between temperamental negative affect and psychopathology among children with ADHD. Forty parents of children ages 8-11 (N =29 males, N =11 females) completed measures of child temperament, emotion-specific dysregulation (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00294-8DOI Listing
March 2019
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Quality of life in substance use disorder patients with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 12 months after treatment: a naturalistic follow-up study.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT, The Arctic University of Norway, 9037, Tromsø, Norway.

There is sparse research on quality of life (QoL) as an outcome measure in patients with substance use disorders (SUD), with or without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate whether SUD patients with and without ADHD (SUD + ADHD vs. SUD - ADHD) differed in QoL at baseline and at a 12-month follow-up after SUD treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00297-5DOI Listing
March 2019
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Relational impairments, sluggish cognitive tempo, and severe inattention are associated with elevated self-rated depressive symptoms in adolescents with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, FL, 33199, USA.

This study examines how ADHD-related symptoms and impairments interact to predict depression symptoms in young adolescents with ADHD. A sample of 342 adolescents (71% male, mean age = 13 years old) with DSM-IV-TR diagnosed ADHD completed baseline clinical assessments upon entry to a psychosocial treatment study for ADHD. Ratings of ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms, and social and academic impairment were obtained from parents, while ratings of depressive symptoms and conflict with parents were obtained from youth. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-019-00293-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00293-9DOI Listing
March 2019
27 Reads

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and future expectations in Russian adolescents.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the role of future expectations-the extent to which a future outcome is deemed likely-in the health and well-being of adolescents, with research linking future expectations to outcomes such as an increased likelihood of engaging in risky health behaviors. As yet, however, there has been no research on future expectations and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms/possible ADHD status and future expectations in a school-based sample of adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00292-wDOI Listing
March 2019
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Correction to: Living "in the zone": hyperfocus in adult ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Authors have noted one error in the online published article, which they wish to clarify. The version of the Hobby Hyperfocus (HF) subscale that we administered to participants was unintentionally missing one answer option ("once a week"). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00296-6DOI Listing

Sluggish cognitive tempo: longitudinal stability and validity.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, 225 Psychology Building, 1835 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Emerging research has identified sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) as a construct separate from ADHD predominately inattentive presentation. The present study explores the longitudinal stability of SCT over a period of 7 years, specifically the independent effects of SCT on behavioural and academic outcomes concurrently over a 3-year period. A sample of 639 twins, aged 6-12 years, participating in the Western Reserve Reading and Math Project (WRRMP) were assessed at seven annual home visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00287-7DOI Listing
February 2019

The importance of avoidant personality in social anxiety disorder with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.

In the present study, our primary aim was to compare the generalized social anxiety (GSAD) patients with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in terms of avoidant personality disorder (AVPD), and some clinical variables. We also investigated the relationship of AVPD and depression with ADHD and GSAD. We hypothesized that ADHD may be associated with AVPD in patients with GSAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00291-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Attention and behavioral control skills in Iranian school children.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

This study assessed quality of life, emotional and behavioral problems, prosocial behavior, and functional impairment in a sample of Iranian children based on their attention and behavioral control skills. The sample consisted of 280 male and female children aged between 6 and 12 years old who were divided into strong, moderate, and weak groups based on parental ratings of attention and behavioral control skills on the strengths and weaknesses of ADHD symptom and normal behavior rating scale (SWAN). In addition, parents completed the pediatric quality of life inventory version 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00289-5DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Prescribing for young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in UK primary care: analysis of data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

NIHR CLAHRC South West Peninsula [PenCLAHRC], University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK.

Guidance on management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the UK was issued by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence in 2008. No UK study has examined all psychotropic prescribing in young people with ADHD since the introduction of the guidance; this is especially relevant due to the high prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity in this population. The aim of this study was to describe primary care prescribing of ADHD and other psychotropic medications for young people with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00288-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Is there a prodrom period in patients with social anxiety disorder? A discussion on the hypothesis of social anxiety disorder development secondary to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The association between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is poorly established. In fact, increasing and converging evidences suggest that there is a close relationship between the two disorders. High comorbidity rate between these two disorders, follow-up studies showing high rates of later development of SAD in ADHD and treatment studies in which ADHD medications have been helpful for both conditions all indicate this relationship. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-00283-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-00283-3DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Patients in medical treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Are they at risk in drug screening?

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, North Denmark Regional Hospital, Bispensgade 37, Hjørring, DK-9800, Denmark.

The use of medicines to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased worldwide, including the use of amphetamine-based medicines or prodrugs that metabolise to amphetamine in vivo. At the same time, drugs-of-abuse testing by non-specific, point-of-care immunoassay methods ('quick tests') has increased. This article discusses the risk of 'false positive' results or post-analytical misinterpretations of results when immunoassays are used to analyse biological samples from ADHD patients. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0282-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0282-9DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

The early motor development in children diagnosed with ADHD: a systematic review.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Research Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Although there is limited knowledge about early signs of ADHD, deviations in motor development are suggested as a possible indicator of such early signs. The purpose of the present systematic review was to gather knowledge about motor development before three years of age in children later diagnosed with ADHD. A systematic search was completed in four research databases, and the quality of the identified studies was systematically assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0280-yDOI Listing
December 2018
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How relevant is higher-order language deficit (HOLD) to children with complex presentations of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder?

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Child Psychiatry, Complex Attention and Hyperactivity Disorders Service (CAHDS), Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Perth, Australia.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequently associated with language impairment, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms and higher-order language deficit (HOLD); yet, their complex relationship is poorly understood. HOLD encompasses deficits in using language for reasoning, problem-solving, causal and critical thinking. This study evaluates the roles of HOLD in children with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0279-4DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

The positive aspects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a qualitative investigation of successful adults with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, London, UK.

The behavioural characteristics of ADHD do not exist in binary form (i.e. normal vs. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0277-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0277-6DOI Listing
October 2018
31 Reads

Vitamin D levels in children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a meta-analysis.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Laboratory of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research N.S. Christeas, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

The aim of this article was to assess the differences in serum 25(OH)D levels between children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and healthy controls. We used the PubMed (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), ClinicalTrials.gov (2008-2017), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (2000-2017), and Google Scholar (2004-2017) databases. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0276-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0276-7DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Internalized stigma, anticipated discrimination and perceived public stigma in adults with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University Heidelberg, J 5, 68159, Mannheim, Germany.

The objective of this study is to assess internalized stigma, perceived public stigma, anticipated discrimination and their associations with demographic, psychiatric and psychosocial characteristics in adult ADHD. Stigmatization was assessed with the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, the Questionnaire on Anticipated Discrimination and the Questionnaire on Public Stereotypes Perceived by Adults with ADHD. The sample comprised n = 104 adults with ADHD, of whom n = 24 (23. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0274-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0274-9DOI Listing
October 2018
23 Reads

Editors must be vigilant to guarantee the quality and credibility of published scientific work.

Authors:
Manfred Gerlach

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec;10(4):245-246

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Centre of Mental Health, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0275-8DOI Listing
December 2018

Individual differences in tendencies to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and emotionality: empirical evidence in young healthy adults from Germany and China.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Molecular Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Engineering, Computer Science and Psychology, Ulm University, Helmholtzstr. 8/1, 89081, Ulm, Germany.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity but also by negative emotionality. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether subclinical ADHD tendencies are associated with negative emotionality in healthy adult samples. The present study is of special interest since it investigated negative emotionality with a questionnaire anchored in Neuroscience Theory-the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0266-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0266-9DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Living "in the zone": hyperfocus in adult ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Adults with ADHD often report episodes of long-lasting, highly focused attention, a surprising report given their tendency to be distracted by irrelevant information. This has been colloquially termed "hyperfocus" (HF). Here, we introduce a novel assessment tool, the "Adult Hyperfocus Questionnaire" and test the preregistered a priori hypothesis that HF is more prevalent in individuals with high levels of ADHD symptomology. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0272-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0272-yDOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Effect of physical exercises on attention, motor skill and physical fitness in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 27. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Amar Jyoti Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are educated in classrooms along with typically developing children. Those with ADHD, however, find it difficult to participate in routine educational and recreational activities as they encounter problems associated with behaviour, attention, motor skills and physical endurance. Traditionally, the management of children with ADHD has focussed primarily on problems with cognition and has been heavily dependent on pharmaceutical interventions and, to a lesser extent, on non-pharmaceutical measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0270-0DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

The impact of successful learning of self-regulation on reward processing in children with ADHD using fMRI.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Mar 17;11(1):31-45. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, J5, 68159, Mannheim, Germany.

Neurofeedback (NF) is a non-pharmacological treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that is targeting self-regulation, is efficacious when standard protocols are used and induces partly specific neurophysiological changes in the inhibitory network. However, its effects on reward processing, which is also considered an important aspect of ADHD and has been linked to neurophysiological deficits, remain unknown. Children with ADHD (N = 15, mean age 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0269-6DOI Listing
March 2019
28 Reads

Rapid screening for cognitive deficits in attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders with the screen for cognitive impairment in psychiatry.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Psychiatry, Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, l'Université de Montréal, 7401 Hochelaga, Montréal, QC, H1N 3M5, Canada.

Cognitive impairments constitute a core feature of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders (ADHD), but are infrequently assessed in the clinical setting. We have previously demonstrated the ability of an objective cognitive battery, the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP), to differentiate adult ADHD patients from healthy controls in five cognitive domains. Here, we further characterize these subtle cognitive deficits by conducting additional univariate analyses on our ADHD dataset to assess the contributions of various demographic characteristics on SCIP performance and to determine correlations between SCIP scores and scores on other measures evaluating illness severity, perceived cognitive deficits, and overall functioning. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0268-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0268-7DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Behavioral adjustment to asymmetric reward availability among children with and without ADHD: effects of past and current reinforcement contingencies.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Human Developmental Neurobiology Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, 1919-1 Tancha, Onna, Kunigami, Okinawa, 904-0495, Japan.

Altered reinforcement sensitivity is hypothesized to underlie symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Here we evaluate the behavioral sensitivity of Brazilian children with and without ADHD to a change in reward availability. Forty typically developing children and 32 diagnosed with DSM-IV ADHD completed a signal-detection task in which correct discriminations between two stimuli were associated with different frequencies of reinforcement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0265-xDOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Work participation in ADHD and associations with social characteristics, education, lifetime depression, and ADHD symptom severity.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Institute of clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

The literature refers to high rates of occupational failure in the population of adults with ADHD. The explanation for this is less known. The aim of the present study was to examine associations between social characteristics and clinical features of adults with ADHD and their occupational outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0260-2DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Correlates of nicotine dependence in men with childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a 33-year follow-up.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Aug 31. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Child Study Center, Hassenfeld Children's Hospital at NYU Langone, One Park Ave 7th Floor, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Identify correlates of nicotine dependence [lifetime (l) and ongoing (o)] in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood. We conducted a 33-year prospective follow-up of boys (mean age 8) with combined type ADHD (n = 135/207, 65% original sample). Correlates of nicotine dependence in adulthood were selected from characteristics obtained in childhood and adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0263-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395561PMC
August 2018
1 Read

ADHD symptoms in a young patient with central diabetes insipidus.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 29;10(4):317-320. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Robert Debré Hospital, 48 Boulevard Sérurier, 75019, Paris, France.

Diabetes insipidus is known to be associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. In this case report, we present a child suffering from a central diabetes insipidus (DI) and an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The DI was due to a mutation on the vasopressin gene, impairing its secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0264-yDOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Evaluating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder using ecological momentary assessment: a systematic review.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 21;10(4):247-265. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.

Ecological momentary assessment is an excellent tool for the measurement of different day-to-day domains in patients and capturing real-world and real-time data. The purpose of this review is to evaluate feasibility in current ecological momentary assessment studies on emotional and behavioral functioning, functional impairments, and quality of life patients with an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis. This systematic review follows the recommendation of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines selecting articles published from January 1, 1990, up to the latest access on May 2018, identifying a pool of 23 eligible studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0261-1DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Parent and child neurocognitive functioning predict response to behavioral parent training for youth with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 26;10(4):285-295. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, 405 Emmet St. S, Charlottesville, VA, 229003, USA.

Parental cognitive functioning is thought to play a key role in parenting behavior and may inform response to behavioral intervention. This open-label pilot study examined the extent to which parent and child cognition impacted response to behavioral parent training for children with ADHD. Fifty-four participants (27 parent-child dyads; M = 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0259-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224297PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

What stops practitioners discussing medication breaks in children and adolescents with ADHD? Identifying barriers through theory-driven qualitative research.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 7;10(4):273-283. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

National and international guidelines on the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents call for annual reviews to assess continuing need for medication by considering brief periods without medication, referred to as 'Drug holidays'. However, drug holidays are reactively initiated by families, or recommended by practitioners if growth has been suppressed by medication rather than proactively to check the need. There is little evidence of planned, practitioner-initiated drug holidays from methylphenidate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0258-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223995PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Performance-based measures and behavioral ratings of executive function in diagnosing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 16;10(4):309-316. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Austin Neuropsychology, PLLC, 711 W. 38th St. F-2, Austin, TX, 78705, USA.

Deficits in real-world executive functioning (EF) are a frequent characteristic of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the predictive value of using performance-based and behavioral rating measures of EF when diagnosing ADHD remains unclear. The current study investigates the use of performance-based EF measures and a parent-report questionnaire with established ecological validity and clinical utility when diagnosing ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0256-yDOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

How do children with and without ADHD talk about frustration?: Use of a novel emotion narrative recall task.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 28;10(4):297-307. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, 353 Life Sciences, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience difficulties related to emotional reactivity and regulation. The current study examines differences in the emotional reactivity and regulation of children with and without ADHD in the context of their real-life experiences of negative emotion using a novel ecologically valid methodology. Eighty-three 8-12-year-old children (46 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0255-zDOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Hyperactivity in mice lacking one allele of the glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 gene.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 19;10(4):267-271. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Department of Biology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, P.O. Box 43602, Lafayette, LA, 70504-3602, USA.

GABAergic interneuron loss, maturational delay or imbalance of glutamatergic to GABAergic signaling has been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders including Tourette syndrome and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In schizophrenia, decreases in parvalbumin (PV), somatostatin (Sst) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) RNA have been observed and seem to indicate a failure in maturation in PV and Sst neurons. In Tourette syndrome, which has a high level of comorbid ADHD, reduced numbers of parvalbumin expressing neurons have been observed in the basal ganglia of affected patients. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0254-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0254-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146072PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for older adults with ADHD: a randomized controlled trial.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 28;10(3):223-235. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Pfizer, Inc., New York City, NY, USA.

Older adults with ADHD exhibit significant functional impairment, yet there is little research to guide clinicians in evidence-based care of these adults. This study examined response to treatment in older adults who participated in a previous study of the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in adult ADHD. It was hypothesized that older adults would respond less well to CBT than younger adults, given the cognitive demands of the treatment. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0253-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0253-1DOI Listing
September 2018
41 Reads

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, joint hypermobility-related disorders and pain: expanding body-mind connections to the developmental age.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 14;10(3):163-175. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Division of Medical Genetics, IRCCS-Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and generalized joint hypermobility (JH) are two separated conditions, assessed, and managed by different specialists without overlapping interests. Recently, some researchers highlighted an unexpected association between these two clinical entities. This happens in a scenario of increasing awareness on the protean detrimental effects that congenital anomalies of the connective tissue may have on human health and development. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0252-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0252-2DOI Listing
September 2018
20 Reads