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    238 results match your criteria ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders [Journal]

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    Performance-based measures and behavioral ratings of executive function in diagnosing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Apr 16. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    Austin Neuropsychology, PLLC, 711 W. 38th St. F-2, Austin, TX, 78705, USA.
    Deficits in real-world executive functioning (EF) are a frequent characteristic of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the predictive value of using performance-based and behavioral rating measures of EF when diagnosing ADHD remains unclear. The current study investigates the use of performance-based EF measures and a parent-report questionnaire with established ecological validity and clinical utility when diagnosing ADHD. Read More

    How do children with and without ADHD talk about frustration?: Use of a novel emotion narrative recall task.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 28. Epub 2018 Mar 28.
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, 353 Life Sciences, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.
    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience difficulties related to emotional reactivity and regulation. The current study examines differences in the emotional reactivity and regulation of children with and without ADHD in the context of their real-life experiences of negative emotion using a novel ecologically valid methodology. Eighty-three 8-12-year-old children (46 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) participated in the study. Read More

    Hyperactivity in mice lacking one allele of the glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 gene.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 19. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    Department of Biology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, P.O. Box 43602, Lafayette, LA, 70504-3602, USA.
    GABAergic interneuron loss, maturational delay or imbalance of glutamatergic to GABAergic signaling has been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders including Tourette syndrome and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In schizophrenia, decreases in parvalbumin (PV), somatostatin (Sst) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) RNA have been observed and seem to indicate a failure in maturation in PV and Sst neurons. In Tourette syndrome, which has a high level of comorbid ADHD, reduced numbers of parvalbumin expressing neurons have been observed in the basal ganglia of affected patients. Read More

    The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for older adults with ADHD: a randomized controlled trial.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Feb 28. Epub 2018 Feb 28.
    Pfizer, Inc., New York City, NY, USA.
    Older adults with ADHD exhibit significant functional impairment, yet there is little research to guide clinicians in evidence-based care of these adults. This study examined response to treatment in older adults who participated in a previous study of the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in adult ADHD. It was hypothesized that older adults would respond less well to CBT than younger adults, given the cognitive demands of the treatment. Read More

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, joint hypermobility-related disorders and pain: expanding body-mind connections to the developmental age.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Division of Medical Genetics, IRCCS-Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy.
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and generalized joint hypermobility (JH) are two separated conditions, assessed, and managed by different specialists without overlapping interests. Recently, some researchers highlighted an unexpected association between these two clinical entities. This happens in a scenario of increasing awareness on the protean detrimental effects that congenital anomalies of the connective tissue may have on human health and development. Read More

    Factor structure and clinical correlates of the 61-item Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS).
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.
    The objective of this study was to assess the factor structure and clinical correlates of a 61-item version of the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), a self-report retrospective measure of childhood problems, experiences, and behavior used in ADHD assessment. Given the currently mostly widely used form of the WURS was derived via a criterion-keyed approach, the study aimed to use latent variable modeling of the 61-item WURS to potentially identify more and more homogeneous set of items reflecting current conceptualizations of ADHD symptoms. Exploratory structural equation modeling was used to generate factor scores which were then correlated with neuropsychological measures of intelligence and executive attention as well as a broad measure of personality and emotional functioning. Read More

    Relation between internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and peer victimization among children with and without ADHD.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, 317 Life Sciences, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.
    The current study explored the concurrent and longitudinal association between internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and peer victimization among children with and without ADHD. Eighty children (42 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) ages 8-12 participated in the present study conducted over a 6-month period. During the baseline session, parents completed a structured diagnostic interview and the Vanderbilt ADHD Parent Rating Scale to determine whether their child met criteria for ADHD, and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to assess their child's internalizing and externalizing behaviors; children completed the Perception of Peer Support Scale (PPSS) to assess experiences of peer victimization. Read More

    ADHD in acute care psychiatric inpatients.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 3;10(2):129-133. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.
    Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and motor hyperactivity. The worldwide prevalence of ADHD, in the general adult population, has been estimated to be 2.8%. Read More

    Correction to: Is emotion recognition the only problem in ADHD? Effects of pharmacotherapy on face and emotion recognition in children with ADHD.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun;10(2):161
    Department of Psychology, Beykent University, Faculties of Science and Literature, Istanbul, Turkey.
    The author would like to correct the error in the publication of the original article. The corrected details are given below for your reading. Read More

    Exploratory study of barriers to successful office contacts for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 8. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Division of Academic General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, HS83, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.
    The American Academy of Pediatrics published attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) guidelines, but significant variability exists in care. This exploratory study aimed to understand barriers to compliance with primary care office contacts for ADHD medication management. The study was conducted at a single academic medical center via retrospective chart review between 6/1/15 and 5/31/16 in combination with telephone interviews. Read More

    Symptom covariance accounts for behavioral approach associations across impulse control disorders.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON, N9B 3P4, Canada.
    Behavioral approach system (BAS) dysfunction has been identified as a correlate of and a potential mechanism for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid disorders. This study examined the role of symptom covariation in the relations among BAS dysfunction, ADHD symptoms, and comorbid impulsive personality disorder features. Undergraduates (N = 207) completed measures of BAS functioning, ADHD symptoms, and borderline and antisocial personality disorder symptoms, and associated features (i. Read More

    Intolerance of uncertainty in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Nov 9. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, 317 Life Sciences, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.
    Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has often been studied in the context of internalizing disorders, but no studies to our knowledge have explored the relation between IU and externalizing disorders. Given the proposed link between IU and emotion regulation, the current study sought to examine levels of IU in an externalizing clinical population with known emotion regulation difficulties-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). IU levels in this population were compared to a clinical population known to experience elevated levels of IU. Read More

    Stimulant 'rapid metabolizers': wrong label, real phenomena.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 4;10(2):113-118. Epub 2017 Nov 4.
    Child and Adolescent Mental Health Programs, BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    This is a review of the empirical literature regarding what has been described anecdotally as patients who are 'rapid metabolizers' of stimulant medication. The authors propose that this is a misnomer used to describe two types of atypical pharmacokinetic patterns of response: high-dose responders, short-duration responders and two types of atypical pharmacodynamics patterns of response: patients who develop either acute or chronic tolerance. The authors propose that use of more precise terminology should facilitate both patient education and research to better understand the physiology and clinical management of atypical response patterns to stimulant treatment. Read More

    ADHD symptoms in healthy adults are associated with stressful life events and negative memory bias.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 28;10(2):151-160. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Medical Center, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Stressful life events, especially Childhood Trauma, predict ADHD symptoms. Childhood Trauma and negatively biased memory are risk factors for affective disorders. The association of life events and bias with ADHD symptoms may inform about the etiology of ADHD. Read More

    A case series on the potential effect of omega-3-fatty acid supplementation on 24-h heart rate variability and its circadian variation in children with attention deficit (hyperactivity) disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 3;10(2):135-139. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    Section for Translational Psychobiology in Child and Adolescents Psychiatry, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity (ADHD) in children is associated with decreased 24-h heart rate variability (HRV). Previous research has shown that supplementation of omega-3-fatty acid increases HRV. Here, we aimed to investigate whether the supplementation of omega-3-fatty acids would increase 24-h HRV in an uncontrolled case series of children with ADHD. Read More

    The Zappel-Philipp a historical example of ADHD Clinics.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 13;10(2):119-127. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    A. A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, USA.
    In his book "Die Geschichte von dem Zappel-Philipp," the German psychiatrist Heinrich Hoffmann (1809-1894) offers a clinical vignette which raises the question of the description of a disobedient child or presenting hyperactivity symptoms. This article describes the historical context and the biographical aspects related to this interesting approach to describing a psychiatric syndrome to children and adults. It also underlines the importance of a global approach of ADHD that considers the familial environment and situational context of symptoms. Read More

    A meta-analytic review of the association between cortisol reactivity in response to a stressor and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 5;10(2):99-111. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 11 Seashore Hall E, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA.
    A substantial literature suggests that abnormal cortisol reactivity may be a vulnerability for deleterious mental health outcomes, including ADHD. ADHD has been linked with difficulty in emotion regulation and increased risk of experiencing stressors, both of which may be related to psychobiological abnormalities (e.g. Read More

    Reduced emotional empathy in adults with subclinical ADHD: evidence from the empathy and systemizing quotient.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 23;10(2):141-150. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Studies in children with ADHD suggest impairments in social cognitive functions, whereas studies in adults with ADHD are scarce and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between ADHD traits and self-reported social cognitive style in a sample of adults from the general population. For this purpose, a community sample of 685 adults filled out online self-report questionnaires about ADHD symptoms (ADHD Rating Scale, ARS), social cognitive functioning and friendships. Read More

    Prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder compared to the general population.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 22;10(1):87-96. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Expertise Center Adult ADHD, PsyQ, Carel Reinierszkade 197, 2593 HR, The Hague, The Netherlands.
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity that lead to dysfunctioning in daily life. One of the affected areas of life that has so far not been studied in ADHD is sexual functioning. The goal of this study was to assess prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders among adults with ADHD. Read More

    Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD: evaluation of a new self-report.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 10;10(1):77-86. Epub 2017 Jun 10.
    TRE Program, Division of Psychiatric Specialties, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, 20 bis rue de Lausanne, 1201, Geneva, Switzerland.
    The current study aims at documenting the psychometric properties of the Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD-Self-Report (SDAAA-SR), a newly developed instrument for the assessment of psychological suffering in ADHD adults. The SDAAA-SR was administered to 247 students and 142 ADHD adults. Factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity were assessed. Read More

    Emerging role of miRNA in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 10;10(1):49-63. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Psychiatry Zurich, University of Zurich, Wagistrasse 12, 8952, Schlieren, Switzerland.
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder whose aetiology still remains elusive. Nevertheless, evidence supports a high genetic contribution that interacts with environmental factors, also known to modulate epigenetic processes. These epigenetic modulators are a class of non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), known as post-transcriptional regulators, which have emerged as prospective players in neuropsychiatric disorders since they play a role in brain development, synapse formation, and the fine-tuning of genes underlying synaptic and memory formation. Read More

    Predictors of relapse or maintenance of response in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder following discontinuation of long-term treatment with atomoxetine.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 5;9(4):219-229. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN, 46285, USA.
    We identified relapse/maintenance-of-response (MOR) predictors following discontinuation of long-term atomoxetine treatment in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and assessed correlations between ADHD symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Post hoc analyses of data from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 withdrawal studies in patients with ADHD meeting predefined response criteria before randomization. Study 1: patients (N = 163; 6-15 years) received atomoxetine (1. Read More

    Positive alcohol expectancies mediate associations between ADHD behaviors and alcohol-related problems among college students.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 26;10(1):65-75. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA.
    An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. Read More

    Perception in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 11;10(1):21-47. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    A large body of research demonstrated that individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from various neuropsychological deficits. In contrast, less is known and only divergent evidence exists on perceptual functions of individuals with ADHD. This is problematic as neuropsychological and perceptual functions are closely interrelated and are often difficult to disentangle in behavioral assessments. Read More

    Relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sedentary behavior in adolescence: a cross-sectional study.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 4;9(4):213-218. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    Institute for Therapy and Health Research (IFT-Nord), Harmsstr. 2, 24114, Kiel, Germany.
    Existing studies reveal that high levels of sedentary behavior are associated with more inattention and hyperactivity problems. Since most previous studies used screen time as an indicator of sedentary behavior and assessed symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by short screening measures which do not allow to distinguish between subtypes of ADHD, the current study aimed to investigate association between different types of sedentary behavior and symptoms and subtypes of ADHD. The current cross-sectional study analyzed data of 913 students (46. Read More

    Relationship of self-mutilative behaviour with history of childhood trauma and adult ADHD symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 3;9(4):231-238. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of Psychiatry, Baltalimani State Hospital for Muskuloskeletal Disorders, Istanbul, Turkey.
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of self-mutilative behaviour (SMB) with the severity of childhood trauma and adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants included 188 inpatients with AUD. Participants were evaluated with the Self-mutilative Behaviour Questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and the Adult ADD/ADHD DSM-IV Based Diagnostic Screening and Rating Scale (Adult ADHD Scale). Read More

    Physiological substrates of executive functioning: a systematic review of the literature.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 22;10(1):1-20. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Department of Psychology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA.
    Executive function (EF) is a multifaceted construct that has been defined as a set of higher-order cognitive processes that allow for flexibility, self-regulation, strategic planning, and goal-directed behaviors. EFs have been studied in numerous clinical disorders using a variety of neuropsychological tasks and, more recently, neuroimaging techniques. The underlying physiological substrates of EF were historically attributed to the frontal lobes; however, recent studies suggest more widespread involvement of additional brain regions. Read More

    Effects of atomoxetine on attention in Wistar rats treated with the neurotoxin N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP4).
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 14;9(4):253-262. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Regensburg, 93040, Regensburg, Germany.
    The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of the neurotoxin N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP4), which allows a depletion of noradrenergic terminals in a dose-dependent manner, on attention in rats as measured using the five-choice serial-reaction time task (5CSRTT). In addition, we investigated whether the effects of DSP4 treatment can be reversed by atomoxetine. Atomoxetine is a selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor and has been shown to be effective in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Read More

    The risk of misdiagnosing posture weakness as hyperactivity in ADHD: a case study.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 4;9(4):239-251. Epub 2017 Mar 4.
    Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS), Berkshire Healthcare Foundation Trust, 3 Craven Road, Reading, RG 1 5 LF, UK.
    Difficulties in sustaining posture can present with features associated with hyperactive behaviour listed in DSM-5 and ICD-10 classifications for ADHD. Information from a system measuring motor activity during a neurocognitive test (QbTest), occupational therapist reports and Conners rating scales are compared between cases with and without posture problems. Weakness in sustaining posture results in elevated activity measures during infrared motion analysis. Read More

    Prepotent response inhibition and reaction times in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder from a Caribbean community.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 25;9(4):199-211. Epub 2017 Feb 25.
    Grupo de Neurociencias del Caribe, Laboratorio de Neurociencias Cognitivas, Unidad de Neurociencias Cognitivas, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Calle 54 # 59 -189, Sede 1, Bloque C, Barranquilla, Colombia.
    Impairment in inhibitory control has been postulated as an underlying hallmark of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can be utilized as a quantitative trait for genetic studies. Here, we evaluate whether inhibitory control, measured by simple automatized prepotent response (PR) inhibition variables, is a robust discriminant function for the diagnosis of ADHD in children and can be used as an endophenotype for future genetic studies. One hundred fifty-two school children (30. Read More

    No genetic association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Parkinson's disease in nine ADHD candidate SNPs.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Jun 7;9(2):121-127. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Department of Neurodegeneration, Hertie-Institute of Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) involve pathological changes in brain structures such as the basal ganglia, which are essential for the control of motor and cognitive behavior and impulsivity. The cause of ADHD and PD remains unknown, but there is increasing evidence that both seem to result from a complicated interplay of genetic and environmental factors affecting numerous cellular processes and brain regions. To explore the possibility of common genetic pathways within the respective pathophysiologies, nine ADHD candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven genes were tested for association with PD in 5333 cases and 12,019 healthy controls: one variant, respectively, in the genes coding for synaptosomal-associated protein 25 k (SNAP25), the dopamine (DA) transporter (SLC6A3; DAT1), DA receptor D4 (DRD4), serotonin receptor 1B (HTR1B), tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2), the norepinephrine transporter SLC6A2 and three SNPs in cadherin 13 (CDH13). Read More

    What are the benefits of methylphenidate as a treatment for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder?
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Mar;9(1):1-3
    Centre of Mental Health, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Würzburg, Margarete-Höppel-Platz 1, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.

    Is ADHD a valid diagnosis in older adults?
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Sep 25;9(3):161-168. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    ADHD is a neurodevelopmental syndrome that often persists into adulthood. It is possible that different criteria are necessary for older adults than younger adults: the manifestations of ADHD could change with age; other conditions with onset in later life share presenting symptoms with ADHD; different contextual challenges and patterns of compensatory support may exist. For these reasons, we reviewed evidence for the validity of DSM ADHD criteria in adulthood for individuals over the age of 50. Read More

    Atomoxetine treatment for children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a comprehensive meta-analysis of outcomes on parent-rated core symptomatology.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Sep 21;9(3):149-160. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    Department of Psychology, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD, 21252, USA.
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) impacts a significant number of children and adolescents and often leads to deleterious functional impairment. Psychostimulant medication has historically been the first line of pharmacological intervention, though recent years have seen greater attention paid to non-stimulant alternatives. The objective of the present study was to conduct the most comprehensive meta-analysis to date evaluating the efficacy of atomoxetine in reducing core symptomatology of ADHD according to parent report. Read More

    Prevalence and correlates of ADHD in individuals with substance use disorder in Nigeria.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Sep 17;9(3):189-198. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
    Department of Psychiatry, Bayero University Kano, PMB 3011, Kano, Nigeria.
    Substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with ADHD. ADHD increases the severity of SUD and has negative influence on the prognosis of the disorder. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of ADHD in individuals with SUD. Read More

    A systematic review of circadian function, chronotype and chronotherapy in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Sep 7;9(3):129-147. Epub 2017 Jan 7.
    Department of Psychology, Maynooth University, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, County Kildare, Ireland.
    Reports of sleep disturbances in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are common in both children and adults; however, the aetiology of such disturbances is poorly understood. One potentially important mechanism which may be implicated in disrupted sleep in ADHD is the circadian clock, a known key regulator of the sleep/wake cycle. In this systematic review, we analyse the evidence for circadian rhythm changes associated with ADHD, as well as assessing evidence for therapeutic approaches involving the circadian clock in ADHD. Read More

    Assessment of effects of atomoxetine in adult patients with ADHD: consistency among three geographic regions in a response maintenance study.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Jun 6;9(2):113-120. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
    Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, 46285, USA.
    A previous study (Upadhyaya et al. in Eur J Psychiatry 2013b; 27:185-205) reported that adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrated maintenance of response for up to 25 weeks after initially responding to atomoxetine treatment. In the present report, the consistency of treatment effect across three geographic regions (Europe, United States/Canada [US/Can], and Latin America [Latin Am]) was explored. Read More

    The development of the SGI-16: a shortened sensory gating deficit and distractibility questionnaire for adults with ADHD.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Sep 30;9(3):179-187. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
    Laboratoire de santé publique évaluation des systèmes de soins et santé perçue, Université de la Méditerranée - EA 3279 - Faculté de Médecine, 27 bd Jean Moulin, 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France.
    The Sensory Gating Inventory (SGI) is a questionnaire composed of 36 items designed to investigate abnormal perception related to the inability to control sensitivity to sensory stimuli frequently reported in adult with ADHD. This questionnaire can be considered too lengthy to be taken by people with ADHD, and a shortened version is needed. One hundred and sixty-three adults with ADHD responded to the SGI-36. Read More

    Psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale: Self-Report.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Sep 24;9(3):169-177. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
    Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Arkansas Medical Sciences Child Study Centre, Little Rock, AR, USA.
    The Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale Self-Report has been translated into nine languages and has been widely used in assessing functional impairment of adults with ADHD. This study is a psychometric validation of the WFIRS-S in Japanese. The WFIRS-S-J and other questionnaires were administered to 46 adults with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 104 control adults, and 889 university students. Read More

    Early maladaptive schemas in adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Jun 23;9(2):101-111. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg, Hauptstr. 5, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.
    The main purpose of this study was to examine whether adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate sets of dysfunctional cognitive beliefs and behavioural tendencies according to Jeffrey Young's schema-focused therapy model. Sets of dysfunctional beliefs (maladaptive schemas) were assessed with the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S2) in 78 adult ADHD patients and 80 control subjects. Patients with ADHD scored significantly higher than the control group on almost all maladaptive schemas. Read More

    Is there a difference between child self-ratings and parent proxy-ratings of the quality of life of children with a diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? A systematic review of the literature.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Mar 22;9(1):11-29. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    Clinical and Health Psychology, School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
    There are contemporary indicators that parent proxy-ratings and child self-ratings of a child's quality of life (QoL) are not interchangeable. This review examines dual informant studies to assess parent-child agreement on the QoL of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A systematic search of four major databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases) was completed, and related peer-reviewed journals were hand-searched. Read More

    The descriptive epidemiology of DSM-IV Adult ADHD in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Mar 19;9(1):47-65. Epub 2016 Nov 19.
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
    We previously reported on the cross-national epidemiology of ADHD from the first 10 countries in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. The current report expands those previous findings to the 20 nationally or regionally representative WMH surveys that have now collected data on adult ADHD. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was administered to 26,744 respondents in these surveys in high-, upper-middle-, and low-/lower-middle-income countries (68. Read More

    Pre-service teachers' perceptions of sluggish cognitive tempo.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Jun 1;9(2):89-100. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Department of Psychology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA, 50614-0505, USA.
    Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is characterized by a passive form of inattention that may not overtly disrupt classroom goals. Due to the nature of these symptoms, children with SCT may be "falling through the cracks" in schools. The current study examined pre-service teachers' perceptions of SCT in the classroom. Read More

    Do Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Quality-Of-Life (AAQoL) scale and the SF-36 scale measure the same construct of health-related quality of life?
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Mar 12;9(1):39-45. Epub 2016 Oct 12.
    Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Hafez Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    It has never been investigated whether the assessment tools of Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Quality-of-Life (AAQoL) scale and the SF-36 measure the same construct. The participants were 101 parents of children with ADHD and 243 parents of school children. The parents completed both the Persian version of the AAQoL and the SF-36 questionnaires. Read More

    The use of compensatory strategies in adults with ADHD symptoms.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Jun 10;9(2):73-88. Epub 2016 Sep 10.
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.
    This study examined the use of compensatory strategies reported by adults with ADHD symptoms and their relation to measures of functioning. Forty-nine adults (55.1 % female) completed a structured diagnostic interview to assess ADHD, and responses were coded for compensatory strategies: Adaptation, Paying Attention, Organization, External Support, and Avoidance. Read More

    The role of sleep quality and quantity in moderating the effectiveness of medication in the treatment of children with ADHD.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Mar 11;9(1):31-38. Epub 2016 Aug 11.
    Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Psychiatry, and Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Life Sciences Centre, Rm 2521, PO BOX 15000, Halifax, NS, B3H 4R2, Canada.
    The current study examined: (1) whether long-acting stimulant medication is effective in improving performance on measures of memory, attention, and academic productivity; and (2) whether sleep impacts the relationship between medication and performance. Participants were 21 newly diagnosed, medication-naïve children (mean age = 9.1 years) with ADHD, who participated in a 4-week blinded placebo-controlled randomized trial of long-acting MPH. Read More

    Retrospective assessment of childhood ADHD symptoms for diagnosis in adults: validity of a short 8-item version of the Wender-Utah Rating Scale.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2016 Dec 10;8(4):215-223. Epub 2016 Aug 10.
    John Curtin School of Medical Research, The Australian National University, Building 131, Garran Road, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia.
    The Wender-Utah Rating Scale (WURS) is a widely used self-report instrument for retrospective assessment of childhood ADHD. However, many WURS items are not specific to ADHD. Here, we investigated the effect of excluding these items on the performance of the WURS in predicting adult ADHD based on previous diagnosis and current clinically significant symptoms. Read More

    Attention, reward, and inhibition: symptomatic features of ADHD and issues for offenders in the criminal justice system.
    Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Mar 6;9(1):5-10. Epub 2016 Aug 6.
    Department of Criminology, University of Pennsylvania, 483 McNeil Building, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.
    Although the relationship between criminal activity and ADHD has been heavily studied, this paper reviews a largely neglected area of academic discourse: how symptoms of ADHD that often contribute to offending behavior may also potentially create further problems for offenders with ADHD after they come into contact with the criminal justice system and pilot their way through the legal process. The main symptoms of ADHD that are primarily connected to criminal offending are examined and contextualized with respect to diagnosed offenders' experiences with the justice system. Symptoms of ADHD, specifically reward deficiency, behavioral inhibition, and attention deficits, may affect whether individuals will be successful in their experiences in court, with probation, and during incarceration. Read More

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