260 results match your criteria ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders [Journal]


The importance of avoidant personality in social anxiety disorder with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.

In the present study, our primary aim was to compare the generalized social anxiety (GSAD) patients with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in terms of avoidant personality disorder (AVPD), and some clinical variables. We also investigated the relationship of AVPD and depression with ADHD and GSAD. We hypothesized that ADHD may be associated with AVPD in patients with GSAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00291-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Attention and behavioral control skills in Iranian school children.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

This study assessed quality of life, emotional and behavioral problems, prosocial behavior, and functional impairment in a sample of Iranian children based on their attention and behavioral control skills. The sample consisted of 280 male and female children aged between 6 and 12 years old who were divided into strong, moderate, and weak groups based on parental ratings of attention and behavioral control skills on the strengths and weaknesses of ADHD symptom and normal behavior rating scale (SWAN). In addition, parents completed the pediatric quality of life inventory version 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00289-5DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prescribing for young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in UK primary care: analysis of data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

NIHR CLAHRC South West Peninsula [PenCLAHRC], University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK.

Guidance on management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the UK was issued by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence in 2008. No UK study has examined all psychotropic prescribing in young people with ADHD since the introduction of the guidance; this is especially relevant due to the high prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity in this population. The aim of this study was to describe primary care prescribing of ADHD and other psychotropic medications for young people with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-019-00288-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Is there a prodrom period in patients with social anxiety disorder? A discussion on the hypothesis of social anxiety disorder development secondary to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The association between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is poorly established. In fact, increasing and converging evidences suggest that there is a close relationship between the two disorders. High comorbidity rate between these two disorders, follow-up studies showing high rates of later development of SAD in ADHD and treatment studies in which ADHD medications have been helpful for both conditions all indicate this relationship. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-00283-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-00283-3DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Patients in medical treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Are they at risk in drug screening?

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, North Denmark Regional Hospital, Bispensgade 37, Hjørring, DK-9800, Denmark.

The use of medicines to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased worldwide, including the use of amphetamine-based medicines or prodrugs that metabolise to amphetamine in vivo. At the same time, drugs-of-abuse testing by non-specific, point-of-care immunoassay methods ('quick tests') has increased. This article discusses the risk of 'false positive' results or post-analytical misinterpretations of results when immunoassays are used to analyse biological samples from ADHD patients. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0282-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0282-9DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

The early motor development in children diagnosed with ADHD: a systematic review.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Research Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Although there is limited knowledge about early signs of ADHD, deviations in motor development are suggested as a possible indicator of such early signs. The purpose of the present systematic review was to gather knowledge about motor development before three years of age in children later diagnosed with ADHD. A systematic search was completed in four research databases, and the quality of the identified studies was systematically assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0280-yDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

How relevant is higher-order language deficit (HOLD) to children with complex presentations of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder?

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Child Psychiatry, Complex Attention and Hyperactivity Disorders Service (CAHDS), Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Perth, Australia.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequently associated with language impairment, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms and higher-order language deficit (HOLD); yet, their complex relationship is poorly understood. HOLD encompasses deficits in using language for reasoning, problem-solving, causal and critical thinking. This study evaluates the roles of HOLD in children with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0279-4DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

The positive aspects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a qualitative investigation of successful adults with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, London, UK.

The behavioural characteristics of ADHD do not exist in binary form (i.e. normal vs. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0277-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0277-6DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

Vitamin D levels in children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a meta-analysis.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Laboratory of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research N.S. Christeas, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

The aim of this article was to assess the differences in serum 25(OH)D levels between children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and healthy controls. We used the PubMed (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), ClinicalTrials.gov (2008-2017), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (2000-2017), and Google Scholar (2004-2017) databases. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0276-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0276-7DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Internalized stigma, anticipated discrimination and perceived public stigma in adults with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University Heidelberg, J 5, 68159, Mannheim, Germany.

The objective of this study is to assess internalized stigma, perceived public stigma, anticipated discrimination and their associations with demographic, psychiatric and psychosocial characteristics in adult ADHD. Stigmatization was assessed with the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, the Questionnaire on Anticipated Discrimination and the Questionnaire on Public Stereotypes Perceived by Adults with ADHD. The sample comprised n = 104 adults with ADHD, of whom n = 24 (23. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0274-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0274-9DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

Individual differences in tendencies to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and emotionality: empirical evidence in young healthy adults from Germany and China.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Molecular Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Engineering, Computer Science and Psychology, Ulm University, Helmholtzstr. 8/1, 89081, Ulm, Germany.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity but also by negative emotionality. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether subclinical ADHD tendencies are associated with negative emotionality in healthy adult samples. The present study is of special interest since it investigated negative emotionality with a questionnaire anchored in Neuroscience Theory-the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0266-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0266-9DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Living "in the zone": hyperfocus in adult ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Adults with ADHD often report episodes of long-lasting, highly focused attention, a surprising report given their tendency to be distracted by irrelevant information. This has been colloquially termed "hyperfocus" (HF). Here, we introduce a novel assessment tool, the "Adult Hyperfocus Questionnaire" and test the preregistered a priori hypothesis that HF is more prevalent in individuals with high levels of ADHD symptomology. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0272-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0272-yDOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Effect of physical exercises on attention, motor skill and physical fitness in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 27. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Amar Jyoti Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are educated in classrooms along with typically developing children. Those with ADHD, however, find it difficult to participate in routine educational and recreational activities as they encounter problems associated with behaviour, attention, motor skills and physical endurance. Traditionally, the management of children with ADHD has focussed primarily on problems with cognition and has been heavily dependent on pharmaceutical interventions and, to a lesser extent, on non-pharmaceutical measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0270-0DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

The impact of successful learning of self-regulation on reward processing in children with ADHD using fMRI.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, J5, 68159, Mannheim, Germany.

Neurofeedback (NF) is a non-pharmacological treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that is targeting self-regulation, is efficacious when standard protocols are used and induces partly specific neurophysiological changes in the inhibitory network. However, its effects on reward processing, which is also considered an important aspect of ADHD and has been linked to neurophysiological deficits, remain unknown. Children with ADHD (N = 15, mean age 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0269-6DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Rapid screening for cognitive deficits in attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders with the screen for cognitive impairment in psychiatry.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Psychiatry, Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, l'Université de Montréal, 7401 Hochelaga, Montréal, QC, H1N 3M5, Canada.

Cognitive impairments constitute a core feature of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders (ADHD), but are infrequently assessed in the clinical setting. We have previously demonstrated the ability of an objective cognitive battery, the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP), to differentiate adult ADHD patients from healthy controls in five cognitive domains. Here, we further characterize these subtle cognitive deficits by conducting additional univariate analyses on our ADHD dataset to assess the contributions of various demographic characteristics on SCIP performance and to determine correlations between SCIP scores and scores on other measures evaluating illness severity, perceived cognitive deficits, and overall functioning. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0268-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0268-7DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Behavioral adjustment to asymmetric reward availability among children with and without ADHD: effects of past and current reinforcement contingencies.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Human Developmental Neurobiology Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, 1919-1 Tancha, Onna, Kunigami, Okinawa, 904-0495, Japan.

Altered reinforcement sensitivity is hypothesized to underlie symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Here we evaluate the behavioral sensitivity of Brazilian children with and without ADHD to a change in reward availability. Forty typically developing children and 32 diagnosed with DSM-IV ADHD completed a signal-detection task in which correct discriminations between two stimuli were associated with different frequencies of reinforcement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0265-xDOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Work participation in ADHD and associations with social characteristics, education, lifetime depression, and ADHD symptom severity.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Institute of clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

The literature refers to high rates of occupational failure in the population of adults with ADHD. The explanation for this is less known. The aim of the present study was to examine associations between social characteristics and clinical features of adults with ADHD and their occupational outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0260-2DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Correlates of nicotine dependence in men with childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a 33-year follow-up.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Aug 31. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Child Study Center, Hassenfeld Children's Hospital at NYU Langone, One Park Ave 7th Floor, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Identify correlates of nicotine dependence [lifetime (l) and ongoing (o)] in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood. We conducted a 33-year prospective follow-up of boys (mean age 8) with combined type ADHD (n = 135/207, 65% original sample). Correlates of nicotine dependence in adulthood were selected from characteristics obtained in childhood and adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0263-zDOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

ADHD symptoms in a young patient with central diabetes insipidus.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 29;10(4):317-320. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Robert Debré Hospital, 48 Boulevard Sérurier, 75019, Paris, France.

Diabetes insipidus is known to be associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. In this case report, we present a child suffering from a central diabetes insipidus (DI) and an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The DI was due to a mutation on the vasopressin gene, impairing its secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0264-yDOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Evaluating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder using ecological momentary assessment: a systematic review.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 21;10(4):247-265. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.

Ecological momentary assessment is an excellent tool for the measurement of different day-to-day domains in patients and capturing real-world and real-time data. The purpose of this review is to evaluate feasibility in current ecological momentary assessment studies on emotional and behavioral functioning, functional impairments, and quality of life patients with an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis. This systematic review follows the recommendation of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines selecting articles published from January 1, 1990, up to the latest access on May 2018, identifying a pool of 23 eligible studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0261-1DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Parent and child neurocognitive functioning predict response to behavioral parent training for youth with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 26;10(4):285-295. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, 405 Emmet St. S, Charlottesville, VA, 229003, USA.

Parental cognitive functioning is thought to play a key role in parenting behavior and may inform response to behavioral intervention. This open-label pilot study examined the extent to which parent and child cognition impacted response to behavioral parent training for children with ADHD. Fifty-four participants (27 parent-child dyads; M = 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0259-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224297PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

What stops practitioners discussing medication breaks in children and adolescents with ADHD? Identifying barriers through theory-driven qualitative research.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 7;10(4):273-283. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

National and international guidelines on the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents call for annual reviews to assess continuing need for medication by considering brief periods without medication, referred to as 'Drug holidays'. However, drug holidays are reactively initiated by families, or recommended by practitioners if growth has been suppressed by medication rather than proactively to check the need. There is little evidence of planned, practitioner-initiated drug holidays from methylphenidate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0258-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223995PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Performance-based measures and behavioral ratings of executive function in diagnosing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 16;10(4):309-316. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Austin Neuropsychology, PLLC, 711 W. 38th St. F-2, Austin, TX, 78705, USA.

Deficits in real-world executive functioning (EF) are a frequent characteristic of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the predictive value of using performance-based and behavioral rating measures of EF when diagnosing ADHD remains unclear. The current study investigates the use of performance-based EF measures and a parent-report questionnaire with established ecological validity and clinical utility when diagnosing ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0256-yDOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

How do children with and without ADHD talk about frustration?: Use of a novel emotion narrative recall task.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 28;10(4):297-307. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, 353 Life Sciences, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience difficulties related to emotional reactivity and regulation. The current study examines differences in the emotional reactivity and regulation of children with and without ADHD in the context of their real-life experiences of negative emotion using a novel ecologically valid methodology. Eighty-three 8-12-year-old children (46 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0255-zDOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Hyperactivity in mice lacking one allele of the glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 gene.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Dec 19;10(4):267-271. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Department of Biology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, P.O. Box 43602, Lafayette, LA, 70504-3602, USA.

GABAergic interneuron loss, maturational delay or imbalance of glutamatergic to GABAergic signaling has been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders including Tourette syndrome and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In schizophrenia, decreases in parvalbumin (PV), somatostatin (Sst) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) RNA have been observed and seem to indicate a failure in maturation in PV and Sst neurons. In Tourette syndrome, which has a high level of comorbid ADHD, reduced numbers of parvalbumin expressing neurons have been observed in the basal ganglia of affected patients. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0254-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0254-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146072PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for older adults with ADHD: a randomized controlled trial.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 28;10(3):223-235. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Pfizer, Inc., New York City, NY, USA.

Older adults with ADHD exhibit significant functional impairment, yet there is little research to guide clinicians in evidence-based care of these adults. This study examined response to treatment in older adults who participated in a previous study of the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in adult ADHD. It was hypothesized that older adults would respond less well to CBT than younger adults, given the cognitive demands of the treatment. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0253-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0253-1DOI Listing
September 2018
32 Reads

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, joint hypermobility-related disorders and pain: expanding body-mind connections to the developmental age.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 14;10(3):163-175. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Division of Medical Genetics, IRCCS-Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and generalized joint hypermobility (JH) are two separated conditions, assessed, and managed by different specialists without overlapping interests. Recently, some researchers highlighted an unexpected association between these two clinical entities. This happens in a scenario of increasing awareness on the protean detrimental effects that congenital anomalies of the connective tissue may have on human health and development. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0252-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0252-2DOI Listing
September 2018
19 Reads

Factor structure and clinical correlates of the 61-item Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS).

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 9;10(3):177-188. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

The objective of this study was to assess the factor structure and clinical correlates of a 61-item version of the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), a self-report retrospective measure of childhood problems, experiences, and behavior used in ADHD assessment. Given the currently mostly widely used form of the WURS was derived via a criterion-keyed approach, the study aimed to use latent variable modeling of the 61-item WURS to potentially identify more and more homogeneous set of items reflecting current conceptualizations of ADHD symptoms. Exploratory structural equation modeling was used to generate factor scores which were then correlated with neuropsychological measures of intelligence and executive attention as well as a broad measure of personality and emotional functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0251-3DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Relation between internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and peer victimization among children with and without ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 12;10(3):209-222. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, 317 Life Sciences, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.

The current study explored the concurrent and longitudinal association between internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and peer victimization among children with and without ADHD. Eighty children (42 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) ages 8-12 participated in the present study conducted over a 6-month period. During the baseline session, parents completed a structured diagnostic interview and the Vanderbilt ADHD Parent Rating Scale to determine whether their child met criteria for ADHD, and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to assess their child's internalizing and externalizing behaviors; children completed the Perception of Peer Support Scale (PPSS) to assess experiences of peer victimization. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-0248-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-0248-yDOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

ADHD in acute care psychiatric inpatients.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 3;10(2):129-133. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and motor hyperactivity. The worldwide prevalence of ADHD, in the general adult population, has been estimated to be 2.8%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0243-8DOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

Correction to: Is emotion recognition the only problem in ADHD? Effects of pharmacotherapy on face and emotion recognition in children with ADHD.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 06;10(2):161

Department of Psychology, Beykent University, Faculties of Science and Literature, Istanbul, Turkey.

The author would like to correct the error in the publication of the original article. The corrected details are given below for your reading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0247-4DOI Listing
June 2018
17 Reads

Exploratory study of barriers to successful office contacts for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 8;10(3):237-243. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

Division of Academic General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, HS83, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.

The American Academy of Pediatrics published attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) guidelines, but significant variability exists in care. This exploratory study aimed to understand barriers to compliance with primary care office contacts for ADHD medication management. The study was conducted at a single academic medical center via retrospective chart review between 6/1/15 and 5/31/16 in combination with telephone interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0246-5DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Symptom covariance accounts for behavioral approach associations across impulse control disorders.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 22;10(3):199-208. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON, N9B 3P4, Canada.

Behavioral approach system (BAS) dysfunction has been identified as a correlate of and a potential mechanism for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid disorders. This study examined the role of symptom covariation in the relations among BAS dysfunction, ADHD symptoms, and comorbid impulsive personality disorder features. Undergraduates (N = 207) completed measures of BAS functioning, ADHD symptoms, and borderline and antisocial personality disorder symptoms, and associated features (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0245-6DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Intolerance of uncertainty in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Sep 9;10(3):189-197. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, 317 Life Sciences, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA.

Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has often been studied in the context of internalizing disorders, but no studies to our knowledge have explored the relation between IU and externalizing disorders. Given the proposed link between IU and emotion regulation, the current study sought to examine levels of IU in an externalizing clinical population with known emotion regulation difficulties-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). IU levels in this population were compared to a clinical population known to experience elevated levels of IU. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-017-0244-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0244-7DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Stimulant 'rapid metabolizers': wrong label, real phenomena.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 4;10(2):113-118. Epub 2017 Nov 4.

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Programs, BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

This is a review of the empirical literature regarding what has been described anecdotally as patients who are 'rapid metabolizers' of stimulant medication. The authors propose that this is a misnomer used to describe two types of atypical pharmacokinetic patterns of response: high-dose responders, short-duration responders and two types of atypical pharmacodynamics patterns of response: patients who develop either acute or chronic tolerance. The authors propose that use of more precise terminology should facilitate both patient education and research to better understand the physiology and clinical management of atypical response patterns to stimulant treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0242-9DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

ADHD symptoms in healthy adults are associated with stressful life events and negative memory bias.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 28;10(2):151-160. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Medical Center, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Stressful life events, especially Childhood Trauma, predict ADHD symptoms. Childhood Trauma and negatively biased memory are risk factors for affective disorders. The association of life events and bias with ADHD symptoms may inform about the etiology of ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0241-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973996PMC
June 2018
13 Reads

A case series on the potential effect of omega-3-fatty acid supplementation on 24-h heart rate variability and its circadian variation in children with attention deficit (hyperactivity) disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 3;10(2):135-139. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Section for Translational Psychobiology in Child and Adolescents Psychiatry, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

Attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity (ADHD) in children is associated with decreased 24-h heart rate variability (HRV). Previous research has shown that supplementation of omega-3-fatty acid increases HRV. Here, we aimed to investigate whether the supplementation of omega-3-fatty acids would increase 24-h HRV in an uncontrolled case series of children with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0240-yDOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads

The Zappel-Philipp a historical example of ADHD Clinics.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 13;10(2):119-127. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

A. A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, USA.

In his book "Die Geschichte von dem Zappel-Philipp," the German psychiatrist Heinrich Hoffmann (1809-1894) offers a clinical vignette which raises the question of the description of a disobedient child or presenting hyperactivity symptoms. This article describes the historical context and the biographical aspects related to this interesting approach to describing a psychiatric syndrome to children and adults. It also underlines the importance of a global approach of ADHD that considers the familial environment and situational context of symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0239-4DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

A meta-analytic review of the association between cortisol reactivity in response to a stressor and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 5;10(2):99-111. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 11 Seashore Hall E, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA.

A substantial literature suggests that abnormal cortisol reactivity may be a vulnerability for deleterious mental health outcomes, including ADHD. ADHD has been linked with difficulty in emotion regulation and increased risk of experiencing stressors, both of which may be related to psychobiological abnormalities (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0238-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5837926PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Reduced emotional empathy in adults with subclinical ADHD: evidence from the empathy and systemizing quotient.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Jun 23;10(2):141-150. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Studies in children with ADHD suggest impairments in social cognitive functions, whereas studies in adults with ADHD are scarce and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between ADHD traits and self-reported social cognitive style in a sample of adults from the general population. For this purpose, a community sample of 685 adults filled out online self-report questionnaires about ADHD symptoms (ADHD Rating Scale, ARS), social cognitive functioning and friendships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0236-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973978PMC
June 2018
16 Reads

Prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder compared to the general population.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 22;10(1):87-96. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

Expertise Center Adult ADHD, PsyQ, Carel Reinierszkade 197, 2593 HR, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity that lead to dysfunctioning in daily life. One of the affected areas of life that has so far not been studied in ADHD is sexual functioning. The goal of this study was to assess prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders among adults with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0237-6DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD: evaluation of a new self-report.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 10;10(1):77-86. Epub 2017 Jun 10.

TRE Program, Division of Psychiatric Specialties, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, 20 bis rue de Lausanne, 1201, Geneva, Switzerland.

The current study aims at documenting the psychometric properties of the Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD-Self-Report (SDAAA-SR), a newly developed instrument for the assessment of psychological suffering in ADHD adults. The SDAAA-SR was administered to 247 students and 142 ADHD adults. Factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0234-9DOI Listing
March 2018
13 Reads

Supporting patients with ADHD: Missed opportunities?

Authors:
Oliver Tucha

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Jun;9(2):69-71

Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0233-xDOI Listing
June 2017
8 Reads

Emerging role of miRNA in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 10;10(1):49-63. Epub 2017 May 10.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Psychiatry Zurich, University of Zurich, Wagistrasse 12, 8952, Schlieren, Switzerland.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder whose aetiology still remains elusive. Nevertheless, evidence supports a high genetic contribution that interacts with environmental factors, also known to modulate epigenetic processes. These epigenetic modulators are a class of non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), known as post-transcriptional regulators, which have emerged as prospective players in neuropsychiatric disorders since they play a role in brain development, synapse formation, and the fine-tuning of genes underlying synaptic and memory formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0232-yDOI Listing
March 2018
40 Reads

Predictors of relapse or maintenance of response in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder following discontinuation of long-term treatment with atomoxetine.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 5;9(4):219-229. Epub 2017 May 5.

Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN, 46285, USA.

We identified relapse/maintenance-of-response (MOR) predictors following discontinuation of long-term atomoxetine treatment in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and assessed correlations between ADHD symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Post hoc analyses of data from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 withdrawal studies in patients with ADHD meeting predefined response criteria before randomization. Study 1: patients (N = 163; 6-15 years) received atomoxetine (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0227-8DOI Listing
December 2017
30 Reads

Positive alcohol expectancies mediate associations between ADHD behaviors and alcohol-related problems among college students.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 26;10(1):65-75. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA.

An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0231-zDOI Listing
March 2018
9 Reads

Perception in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 11;10(1):21-47. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS, Groningen, The Netherlands.

A large body of research demonstrated that individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from various neuropsychological deficits. In contrast, less is known and only divergent evidence exists on perceptual functions of individuals with ADHD. This is problematic as neuropsychological and perceptual functions are closely interrelated and are often difficult to disentangle in behavioral assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0230-0DOI Listing
March 2018
11 Reads

Relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sedentary behavior in adolescence: a cross-sectional study.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 4;9(4):213-218. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Institute for Therapy and Health Research (IFT-Nord), Harmsstr. 2, 24114, Kiel, Germany.

Existing studies reveal that high levels of sedentary behavior are associated with more inattention and hyperactivity problems. Since most previous studies used screen time as an indicator of sedentary behavior and assessed symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by short screening measures which do not allow to distinguish between subtypes of ADHD, the current study aimed to investigate association between different types of sedentary behavior and symptoms and subtypes of ADHD. The current cross-sectional study analyzed data of 913 students (46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0229-6DOI Listing
December 2017
10 Reads

Relationship of self-mutilative behaviour with history of childhood trauma and adult ADHD symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2017 Dec 3;9(4):231-238. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Baltalimani State Hospital for Muskuloskeletal Disorders, Istanbul, Turkey.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of self-mutilative behaviour (SMB) with the severity of childhood trauma and adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants included 188 inpatients with AUD. Participants were evaluated with the Self-mutilative Behaviour Questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and the Adult ADD/ADHD DSM-IV Based Diagnostic Screening and Rating Scale (Adult ADHD Scale). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0228-7DOI Listing
December 2017
8 Reads

Physiological substrates of executive functioning: a systematic review of the literature.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2018 Mar 22;10(1):1-20. Epub 2017 Mar 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA.

Executive function (EF) is a multifaceted construct that has been defined as a set of higher-order cognitive processes that allow for flexibility, self-regulation, strategic planning, and goal-directed behaviors. EFs have been studied in numerous clinical disorders using a variety of neuropsychological tasks and, more recently, neuroimaging techniques. The underlying physiological substrates of EF were historically attributed to the frontal lobes; however, recent studies suggest more widespread involvement of additional brain regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-017-0226-9DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads