881 results match your criteria ACORN Journal [Journal]


First Report of Gymnosporangium sabinae, European Pear Rust, on Bradford Pear in Michigan.

Plant Dis 2009 Aug;93(8):841

Department of Plant Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48823.

Bradford pear, Pyrus calleryana Decne., is well known as an ornamental plant for its flowers, leaf color in fall, and disease resistance, making it desirable as a street tree. In August and October of 2008, the aecial stage of Gymnosporangium sabinae (Dicks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-8-0841ADOI Listing

Factors limiting the recruitment of , a dominant evergreen oak in SW China.

Plant Divers 2018 Dec 29;40(6):277-283. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China.

is a dominant species of oak in the Asian evergreen broad-leaved forests in southwestern China but seedlings are uncommon and recruitment is rare. Annual acorn production by is variable and the acorns are exposed to a series of mortality risks. Understanding the factors that limit recruitment of the oak requires knowledge of the oak's life cycle from acorn production to germination and seedling establishment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pld.2018.11.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318200PMC
December 2018

Transcriptome: from laboratory to clinic room.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Royal Hospital for Children, Glasgow, UK.

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http://ep.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/archdischild-2017-31389
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-313890DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Implementing primary healthcare nurse practitioners in long term care teams: A qualitative descriptive study.

J Adv Nurs 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, 1075, chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Quebec, G1S 2M1.

Aim: To identify the conditions needed to implement nurse practitioners in long-term care in Québec, Canada.

Design: A qualitative descriptive study was undertaken.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews (N=91) and socio-demographic questionnaires were completed with providers and managers from May 2016 - March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.13962DOI Listing
January 2019

Response of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Survival, Life History, and Population Growth to Oak Leaf and Acorn Detritus.

Authors:
R E Rogers D A Yee

J Med Entomol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

School of Biological, Environmental, and Earth Sciences, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi.

Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) and Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) are invasive container mosquitoes that are of potential medical importance in the southern United States. Seeds (acorns) and leaves from oak trees can contribute seasonally to the detritus of larval container habitats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjy172DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Reliability of patient-reported complications following hip or knee arthroplasty procedures.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2019 Jan 11;19(1):15. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

South Western Sydney Clinical School, UNSW Sydney, Level 2, Clinical Building, Liverpool Hospital, Cnr Elizabeth and Goulburn Sts, Liverpool NSW, 2170, Australia.

Background: Patient reported outcomes are increasingly used to assess the success of surgical procedures. Patient reported complications are often included as an outcome. However, these data must be validated to be accurate and useful in clinical practice. Read More

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https://bmcmedresmethodol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0645-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330452PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Weather cues associated with masting behavior dampen the negative autocorrelation between past and current reproduction in oaks.

Am J Bot 2019 Jan 11;106(1):51-60. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, California, USA, 92697.

Premise Of The Study: The influence of weather conditions on masting and the ecological advantages of this reproductive behavior have been the subject of much interest. Weather conditions act as cues influencing reproduction of individual plants, and similar responses expressed across many individuals lead to population-level synchrony in reproductive output. In turn, synchrony leads to benefits from economies of scale such as enhanced pollination success and seed predator satiation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajb2.1210
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1210DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Responses of an endangered brown bear population to climate change based on predictable food resource and shelter alterations.

Glob Chang Biol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

GIS-Forest Group, Department of Organisms and Systems Biology, University of Oviedo, Mieres, Spain.

The survival of an increasing number of species is threatened by climate change: 20%-30% of plants and animals seem to be at risk of range shift or extinction if global warming reaches levels projected to occur by the end of this century. Plant range shifts may determine whether animal species that rely on plant availability for food and shelter will be affected by new patterns of plant occupancy and availability. Brown bears in temperate forested habitats mostly forage on plants and it may be expected that climate change will affect the viability of the endangered populations of southern Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14564DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Study to Assess Home Health Nurses from a Carative Perspective.

Hosp Top 2019 Jan 2:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

a 10 Acorn Drive , Nesquehoning , PA , USA.

The aging population is steadily rising, resulting in an increased need for in-home healthcare. This study examined the impact of several carative factors demonstrated by home health nurses. Multiple regression was used to examine the impact of the carative factors, measured by the Caring Nurse Patient Interaction Scale (CNPI-70). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00185868.2018.1551735DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Iberian pig adaptation to acorn consumption: II. Net portal appearance of amino acids.

PeerJ 2018 18;6:e6137. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Physiology and Biochemistry of Animal Nutrition, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Granada, Spain.

In Iberian pig outdoor production, pigs are fed equilibrated diets until the final fattening period when grazing pigs consume mainly acorns from oak trees. Acorns are rich in energy but poor in crude protein where lysine is the first limiting amino acid (AA). Net portal appearance (NPA) is very useful to ascertain AA available for liver and peripheral tissues. Read More

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https://peerj.com/articles/6137
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302897PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

The oak (Quercus brantii) acorn as a growth promotor for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): growth performance, body composition, liver enzymes activity and blood biochemical parameters.

Nat Prod Res 2018 Dec 23:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

e Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences , University of Messina Viale Ferdinando Stagno d'Alcontres , S. Agata , Messina , Italy.

Medicinal plants play an important role in aquaculture as feed additives. This study aimed to investigate effects of alcoholic extract of acorn on growth performance, body composition, digestive enzymes activity and blood biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (O. mykiss) as a commercially important fish. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14786419.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2018.1538994DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Regeneration of the acorn worm pygochord with the implication for its convergent evolution with the notochord.

Dev Growth Differ 2019 Feb 18;61(2):158-165. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

The origin of the notochord is a central issue in chordate evolution. This study examined the development of the acorn worm pygochord, a putative homologue of the notochord. Because the pygochord differentiates only after metamorphosis, the developmental was followed process by inducing regeneration after artificial amputation in Ptychodera flava. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dgd.12581DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Childhood disintegrative disorder and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Children's Neurosciences, Evelina London Children's Hospital, St Thomas' Hospital, King's Health Partners Academic Health Science Centre, London, UK.

Aim: In an attempt to clarify the debate surrounding the diagnostic validity of childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), we systematically reviewed its characteristics and compared it with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Method: Four databases were searched (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web of Science). Included articles had participants with CDD, as defined by symptoms present in the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision and the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14126DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Characterization of longitudinal canal tissue in the acorn barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite.

PLoS One 2018 10;13(12):e0208352. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., United States of America.

The morphology and composition of tissue located within parietal shell canals of the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite are described. Longitudinal canal tissue nearly spans the length of side shell plates, terminating near the leading edge of the specimen basis in proximity to female reproductive tissue located throughout the peripheral sub-mantle region, i.e. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208352PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287898PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Constrained Variational Quantum Eigensolver: Quantum Computer Search Engine in the Fock Space.

J Chem Theory Comput 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences , University of Toronto Scarborough , Toronto , Ontario M1C 1A4 , Canada.

Variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) is an efficient computational method promising chemical accuracy in electronic structure calculations on a universal-gate quantum computer. However, such a simple task as computing the electronic energy of a hydrogen molecular cation, H, is not possible for a general VQE protocol because the calculation will invariably collapse to a lower energy of the corresponding neutral form, H. The origin of the problem is that VQE effectively performs an unconstrained energy optimization in the Fock space of the original electronic problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.8b00943DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Effect of moderate and regular consumption of Cinco Jotas acorn-fed 100% Iberian ham on overall cardiovascular risk: A cohort study.

Food Sci Nutr 2018 Nov 25;6(8):2553-2559. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Laboratory Juan Ramón Jiménez Hospital Huelva Spain.

Objective: To evaluate the impact that the moderate and regular consumption of Cinco Jotas acorn-fed 100% Iberian ham has on overall cardiovascular risk, lipid parameters, blood pressure, and weight.

Methods: A longitudinal, analytical, and quasi-experimental clinical study with repeated measures was carried out with 100 randomly selected individuals in primary care. The sample population included men and women (64%) between the ages of 25 and 55 (42. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/fsn3.869
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.869DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261208PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Open Reduction and Tunneled Suspensory Device Fixation Compared with Nonoperative Treatment for Type-III and Type-IV Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocations: The ACORN Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2018 Nov;100(22):1912-1918

The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Nonoperative management of complete acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation has yielded reasonable results, although patients may report dissatisfaction with the outcome. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, controlled trial was to compare patient outcome following nonoperative care versus operative treatment with open reduction and tunneled suspension device (ORTSD) fixation for acute, type-III or IV disruptions of the AC joint.

Methods: Sixty patients aged 16 to 35 years with an acute type-III or IV disruption of the AC joint were randomized to receive ORTSD fixation or nonoperative treatment, following a power analysis to determine sample size. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00004623-201811210-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00412DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads

Synthesis of triterpenoid derivatives and their anti-tumor and anti-hepatic fibrosis activities.

Nat Prod Res 2018 Nov 16:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a School of Functional Food and Wine , Shenyang Pharmaceutical University , Shenyang , People's Republic of China.

Oleanolic acid (1), ursolic acid (2), hederagenin (3), betulinol (4), betulinic acid (5), and glycyrrhetinic acid (6) are obtained from acorn/licorice industrial wastes with common triterpenoid structure as a model set for esterification. Eight 3,4,5-methoxybenzoyl triterpenoid derivatives (1a-6a), including four new derivatives (1a, 3a-1, 3a-2, and 3a-3), are synthesized by classical procedures. Their antitumor and anti-hepatic fibrosis activities are evaluated on four human tumor cell lines and t-HSC/Cl-6 cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2018.1499642DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Comparative Analysis of the Adhesive Proteins of the Adult Stalked Goose Barnacle Pollicipes pollicipes (Cirripedia: Pedunculata).

Mar Biotechnol (NY) 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

CIIMAR/CIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Terminal de Cruzeiros do Porto de Leixões, Av. General Norton de Matos, s/n, 4450-208, Matosinhos, Portugal.

Adhesion in barnacles is still poorly understood. The cement gland secretes an insoluble multi-protein complex, which adheres very strongly to a variety of substrates in the presence of water. This adhesion mechanism is bioinspiring for the engineering of new adhesive materials, but to replicate this adhesive system, the genes coding for the cement constitutive proteins must be identified and elucidated, and their products characterised. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10126-018-9856-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10126-018-9856-yDOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

I-SceI Meganuclease-mediated transgenesis in the acorn worm, Saccoglossus kowalevskii.

Dev Biol 2019 01 6;445(1):8-15. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Hopkins Marine Station, Department of Biology, Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA 93950, United States. Electronic address:

Hemichordates are a phylum of marine invertebrate deuterostomes that are closely related to chordates, and represent one of the most promising models to provide insights into early deuterostome evolution. The genome of the hemichordate, Saccoglossus kowalevskii, reveals an extensive set of non-coding elements conserved across all three deuterostome phyla. Functional characterization and cross-phyla comparisons of these putative regulatory elements will enable a better understanding of enhancer evolution, and subsequently how changes in gene regulation give rise to morphological innovation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00121606183057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2018.10.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327965PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Toward characterizing germination and early growth in the non-orthodox forest tree species Quercus ilex through complementary gel and gel-free proteomic analysis of embryo and seedlings.

J Proteomics 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Agroforestry and Plant Biochemistry, Proteomics, and Systems Biology Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology- ETSIAM, University of Cordoba, UCO-CeiA3, Spain. Electronic address:

By using two complementary proteomics, gel-based and gel-free (shotgun) approaches, the protein profiles of the non-orthodox forest tree species Quercus ilex seeds during germination and early seedling growth have been compared. Proteins were extracted from embryo axis, radicle and shoot tissues at different developmental stages. Proteins were subjected to one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18743919183039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Iberian pig adaptation to acorn consumption: I. Net portal appearance of metabolites.

PeerJ 2018 31;6:e5861. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Physiology and Biochemistry of Animal Nutrition, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Granada, Spain.

Most valuable cured products from Iberian pigs come from pure bred animals raised for a final grazing-fattening period where pigs eat mainly acorns, a low protein energy rich fruit. This is a nutritional challenge for animals fed equilibrated diets from weaning. The aim of the study was to determine net portal appearance (NPA) of metabolites in gilts fed acorns and evaluate adaptational changes after one week of feeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215437PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Millimeter-sized capsules prepared using liquid marbles: Encapsulation of ingredients with high efficiency and preparation of spherical core-shell capsules with highly uniform shell thickness using centrifugal force.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Feb 23;536:414-423. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-40 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan. Electronic address:

Hypothesis: In our previous study, we prepared millimeter-sized spherical hard capsules by solidifying droplets of liquid monomer or polymer solution placed on superamphiphobic surface. Application of liquid marbles in place of the naked droplets for capsule preparation has a great potential to increase encapsulation efficiency of high volatile ingredients. Further, interfacial thermodynamic prediction of internal configuration of capsules from spreading coefficients may be effective to prepare core/shell capsule. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219797183125
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2018.10.058DOI Listing
February 2019
23 Reads

Effectiveness of camera traps for quantifying daytime and nighttime visitation by vertebrate pollinators.

Ecol Evol 2018 Sep 24;8(18):9304-9314. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Oberlin College Oberlin Ohio USA.

Identification of pollen vectors is a fundamental objective of pollination biology. The foraging and social behavior of these pollinators has profound effects on plant mating, making quantification of their behavior critical for understanding the ecological and evolutionary consequences of different pollinators for the plants they visit. However, accurate quantification of visitation may be problematic, especially for shy animals and/or when the temporal and spatial scale of observation desired is large. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194244PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Antioxidant activity, tocopherols and polyphenols of acornoil obtained from Quercus species grown in Algeria.

Food Res Int 2018 Dec 4;114:208-213. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, Food Science and Technology Unit, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Amendola, 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy. Electronic address:

Among the unusual vegetable fats, acorn oil has interesting nutritional and functional properties. Few studies are present in literature on acorn oil characterization and antioxidant activity evaluation while no studies are present regarding the analysis of the phenolic profile. The present study aims at investigating the content of hydrophilic and lipophilic phenolic compounds and pigments, as well as antioxidant properties and quality of the oil extracted from three Quercus species grown in Algeria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969183061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.08.010DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads
2.820 Impact Factor

Associations between polygenic risk scores for four psychiatric illnesses and brain structure using multivariate pattern recognition.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 9;20:1026-1036. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK; Department of Psychology, School of Arts and Social Sciences, City, University of London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Psychiatric illnesses are complex and polygenic. They are associated with widespread alterations in the brain, which are partly influenced by genetic factors. There have been some attempts to relate polygenic risk scores (PRS) - a measure of the overall genetic risk an individual carries for a disorder - to brain structure using univariate methods. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22131582183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.10.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197704PMC
February 2019
12 Reads

Classifying different Iberian pig genetic lines by applying chemical-instrumental parameters of dry-cured Iberian shoulders.

J Food Sci Technol 2018 Nov 1;55(11):4589-4599. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Animal Source Foodstuffs Innovation Services (SiPA), University of Extremadura, Av/Universidad, S/N, 10003 Cáceres, Cáceres Spain.

Iberian pigs are an autochthonous porcine breed mainly bred in southwestern of Iberian Peninsula, this herd traditionally feeds on acorn and pasture, in an extensive production system. In this study, the main objective was for classifying Iberian shoulders from different genetic lines of pigs and their crossed genetic lines. For that, morphology parameters, fatty acid profile and volatile compounds were determined on two batches of dry-cured Iberian shoulders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-018-3396-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170358PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Effect of oak acorn level on colostrum composition and plasma immunoglobulin G of late-pregnant goats and their kids.

Animal 2018 Nov;12(11):2300-2309

3Animal Science Research Institute of Iran,AREEO,Karaj 31466-18361,Iran.

Oak acorn contains high levels of tannins which have capacity to form complexes with proteins and consequently reduce their availability and as a result it could reduce colostrum quality and immunoglobulin (Ig) synthesis. Thus, the aim of this experiment was to investigate the effects of dietary oak (Quercus persica) acorn (OA) level during the last 60 days of pregnancy on colostrum composition and plasma metabolites and IgG level of goats and their kids. In all, 24 multiparous pregnant goats (41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731118000368DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Shared psychotic disorder in children and young people: a systematic review.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

This study aimed at searching the literature and reassessing the concept of shared psychotic disorder (SPD) in young people under 18 taking into account genetic vulnerability, social circumstances and family situation to have a better understanding of this condition. Published case reports from 1980 through to March 2017, which included children and adolescents meeting DSM-III/IV/IV-TR or ICD 10 criteria of SPD, were identified. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected and analysed; a post hoc analysis comparing inductors and induced was also conducted. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00787-018-1236-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-018-1236-7DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Pollen limitation as a main driver of fruiting dynamics in oak populations.

Ecol Lett 2019 Jan 15;22(1):98-107. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, CNRS, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, UMR 5558, F-69622, Villeurbanne, France.

In many perennial wind-pollinated plants, the dynamics of seed production is commonly known to be highly fluctuating from year to year and synchronised among individuals within populations. The proximate causes of such seeding dynamics, called masting, are still poorly understood in oak species that are widespread in the northern hemisphere, and whose fruiting dynamics dramatically impacts forest regeneration and biodiversity. Combining long-term surveys of oak airborne pollen amount and acorn production over large-scale field networks in temperate areas, and a mechanistic modelling approach, we found that the pollen dynamics is the key driver of oak masting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.13171DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Multifractal analysis application to the study of fat and its infiltration in Iberian ham: Influence of racial and feeding factors and type of slicing.

Meat Sci 2019 Feb 5;148:55-63. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Graphic Engineering and Geomatics, University of Cordoba, Campus Rabanales, Edif. Mendel, Córdoba 14071, Spain.

This paper explores the multifractal features of different commercial designations of Iberian ham (acorn 100% Iberian ham, acorn Iberian ham, feed/pasture Iberian ham and feed Iberian ham). This study has been done by taking as input the fatty infiltration patterns obtained from digital image analysis of ham cuts comparing mechanic and manual slicing. The yielded results show the multifractal nature of fatty connective tissue in Iberian ham, only when knife cutting is applied, confirming the differences between the designations according to their genetics and feeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.10.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Parasite and host biomass and reproductive output in barnacle populations in the rocky intertidal zone.

Parasitology 2018 Oct 10:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography - Marine Biology Research Division, University of California,San Diego,La Jolla,California 92093,USA.

The rocky intertidal zone has a long history of ecological study with barnacles frequently serving as a model system to explore foundational theories. Parasites are often ignored in community ecology studies, and this particularly holds for true for the rocky intertidal zone. We explore the role of the isopod parasite, Hemioniscus balani, on its host, the acorn barnacle, Chthamalus fissus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182018001634DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Citric Acid Production from Acorn Starch by Tannin Tolerance Mutant Aspergillus niger AA120.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

In this study, acorn starch was investigated as a new material for fermenting production of citric acid by using a tannin tolerance mutant strain Aspergillus niger AA120. The mutant A. niger AA120 was obtained by initially atmospheric pressure plasma at room temperature (ARTP) mutagenesis and then tannin gradient domestication. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12010-018-2902-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-018-2902-4DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

The phytochemical rich potential of acorn () products and by products.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2018 Jun 13;27(3):819-828. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Department of Food Technology, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, PO Box 141, 57 400 Thessaloníki, Greece.

The phytochemical content of acorn () products (nuts and flour) and by products (shells and leaching waters) regarding their content in total phenols, fatty acids, sodium, potassium and calcium was investigated. Antioxidant activity was also examined. Acorn materials presented high total phenol content (up to 47. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10068-017-0293-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6049693PMC
June 2018
1 Read

The prevalent Boxer MHC class Ia allotype dog leukocyte antigen (DLA)-88*034:01 preferentially binds nonamer peptides with a defined motif.

HLA 2018 Dec 7;92(6):403-407. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Development of effective immunotherapy for chemoresistant malignancies can be advanced by studies in spontaneous cancer models, such as the dog. A crucial first step, T-cell epitope discovery, can be assisted by determination of binding motifs of common dog leukocyte antigen (DLA) class Ia allotypes. Boxers are popular, inbred dogs with increased risks of relevant target cancers and restricted MHC diversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tan.13398DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Lessons from Bawa-Garba and moving forward.

Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2018 Sep;79(9):484-485

Consultant Physician in Medicine for Older People, Department of Medicine for Older People, East Lancashire NHS Teaching Hospitals Trust, Blackburn and Chair, Centre of Excellence in Safety for Older People, Acorn Health Centre, Accrington BB5 1RT.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/hmed.2018.79.9.484DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Rapid aggregative and reproductive responses of weevils to masting of North American oaks counteract predator satiation.

Ecology 2018 Nov 28;99(11):2575-2582. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Biology, Wilkes University, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 18766, USA.

The predator satiation hypothesis posits that masting helps plants escape seed predation through starvation of predators in lean years, followed by satiation of predators in mast years. Importantly, successful satiation requires sufficiently delayed bottom-up effects of seed availability on seed consumers. However, some seed consumers may be capable of quick aggregative and reproductive responses to masting, which may jeopardize positive density dependence of seed survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2510DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Decadal post-fire succession of soil invertebrate communities is dependent on the soil surface properties in a northern temperate forest.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jan 7;647:1058-1068. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Although fires are common disturbances in North American forests, the extent to which soil invertebrate assemblages recover from burning remains unclear. Here, we examine long-term (14- to 101-yr) recoveries of soil invertebrate communities from common cut and burn treatments conducted at 6 to 26-yr intervals since 1911 in a deciduous forest in the upper Great Lakes region (USA). We characterize soil surface macro-invertebrate communities during both fall and spring across a long-term, experimental fire chronosequence to characterize invertebrate community recovery at decadal time-scales and community changes between seasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.041DOI Listing
January 2019
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Polyphenols from Acorn Leaves () Protect Pancreatic Beta Cells and Their Inhibitory Activity against α-Glucosidase and Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B.

Molecules 2018 Aug 28;23(9). Epub 2018 Aug 28.

School of Functional Food and Wine, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China.

Acorn leaves, which possess potential pharmacologic effects, are traditionally consumed as food in China. Phytochemical investigations of acorn leaves yielded one new and 25 known polyphenols, and their structures were identified by extensive spectroscopic analysis. Three antidiabetes assays were conducted. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/23/9/2167
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules23092167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225166PMC
August 2018
24 Reads

Increased root investment can explain the higher survival of seedlings of 'mesic' Quercus suber than 'xeric' Quercus ilex in sandy soils during a summer drought.

Tree Physiol 2019 Jan;39(1):64-75

Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS), Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

In Mediterranean-type ecosystems, drought is considered the main ecological filter for seedling establishment. The evergreen oaks Quercus ilex L. and Quercus suber L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpy084DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Dilemmas in the treatment of early-onset first-episode psychosis.

Ther Adv Psychopharmacol 2018 Aug 26;8(8):231-239. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

National and Specialist Acorn Lodge Inpatient Children's Unit, South London and the Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Early-onset first-episode psychosis (EOP) is a severe mental disorder that can pose a number of challenges to clinicians, young people and their families. Its assessment and differentiation from other neurodevelopmental and mental health conditions may at times be difficult, its treatment may not always lead to optimal outcomes and can be associated with significant side effects, and its long-term course and prognosis seem to be less favourable compared with the adult-onset disorder. In this paper, we discuss some dilemmas associated with the evaluation and management of EOP and propose approaches that can be used in the clinical decision-making process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2045125318765725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6058451PMC
August 2018
23 Reads

Evolution of thermal tolerance and its fitness consequences: parallel and non-parallel responses to urban heat islands across three cities.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 Jul 4;285(1882). Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

The question of parallel evolution-what causes it, and how common it is-has long captured the interest of evolutionary biologists. Widespread urban development over the last century has driven rapid evolutionary responses on contemporary time scales, presenting a unique opportunity to test the predictability and parallelism of evolutionary change. Here we examine urban evolution in an acorn-dwelling ant species, focusing on the urban heat island signal and the ant's tolerance of these altered urban temperature regimes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.0036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053939PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Wild acorn woodpeckers recognize associations between individuals in other groups.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 Jul 11;285(1882). Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

According to the social intelligence hypothesis, understanding the cognitive demands of the social environment is key to understanding the evolution of intelligence. Many important socio-cognitive abilities, however, have primarily been studied in a narrow subset of the social environment-within-group social interactions-despite the fact that between-group social interactions often have a substantial effect on fitness. In particular, triadic awareness (knowledge about the relationships and associations between others) is critical for navigating many types of complex social interactions, yet no existing study has investigated whether wild animals can track associations between members of other social groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.1017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053930PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

A Multi-Omics Analysis Pipeline for the Metabolic Pathway Reconstruction in the Orphan Species .

Front Plant Sci 2018 11;9:935. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Agroforestry and Plant Biochemistry and Proteomics Research Group, Department Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.

Holm oak () is the most important and representative species of the Mediterranean forest and of the Spanish agrosilvo-pastoral "dehesa" ecosystem. Despite its environmental and economic interest, Holm oak is an orphan species whose biology is very little known, especially at the molecular level. In order to increase the knowledge on the chemical composition and metabolism of this tree species, the employment of a holistic and multi-omics approach, in the Systems Biology direction would be necessary. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2018.00935/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6050436PMC
July 2018
15 Reads

Control of cytokine-driven eosinophil migratory behavior by TGF-beta-induced protein (TGFBI) and periostin.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(7):e0201320. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.

Periostin, which is induced by interleukin (IL)-13, is an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein that supports αMβ2 integrin-mediated adhesion and migration of IL-5-stimulated eosinophils. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-induced protein (TGFBI) is a widely expressed periostin paralog known to support monocyte adhesion. Our objective was to compare eosinophil adhesion and migration on TGFBI and periostin in the presence of IL-5-family cytokines. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0201320PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6062114PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Prevalence and profile of Australian chiropractors treating athletes or sports people: A cross-sectional study.

Complement Ther Med 2018 Aug 22;39:56-61. Epub 2018 May 22.

Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objectives: A range of health-care professionals including chiropractors provide treatment for sports-related health problems. This study reports analyses from the first national workforce survey to determine practitioner and practice-related factors associated with the frequent treatment of athletes or sports people by Australian chiropractors.

Design And Setting: A 21-item questionnaire collecting information pertaining to practitioner and practice-related characteristics was distributed to all Australian registered chiropractors, as part of the Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN) project and attracted a response rate of 43% (n = 2005). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2018.05.003DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Regeneration in the enteropneust hemichordate, Ptychodera flava, and its evolutionary implications.

Dev Growth Differ 2018 Aug 15;60(6):400-408. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Marine Biological Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Onomichi, Hiroshima, Japan.

Hemichordates are marine invertebrates that are closely related to chordates, but while their body plans are comparable to those of chordates, they possess a remarkable capacity for regeneration, even as adults. A small fragment is sufficient to form a complete individual. Unlike echinoderms, their larvae transform directly into adults; therefore, hemichordate systems offer clear morphological and molecular parallels between regeneration and development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dgd.12557DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Evolution of plasticity in the city: urban acorn ants can better tolerate more rapid increases in environmental temperature.

Conserv Physiol 2018 14;6(1):coy030. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Hathaway Brown School, 19600 North Park Boulevard, Shaker Heights, OH, USA.

Because cities contain high levels of impervious surfaces and diminished buffering effects of vegetation cover, urbanized environments can warm faster over the day and exhibit more rapid warming over space due to greater thermal heterogeneity in these environments. Whether organismal physiologies can adapt to these more rapid spatio-temporal changes in temperature rise within cities is unknown, and exploring these responses can inform not only how plastic and evolutionary mechanisms shape organismal physiologies, but also the potential for organisms to cope with urban development. Here, we examined how plasticity in thermal tolerance under faster and slower rates of temperature change might evolve in response to the more rapid spatio-temporal temperature rise in cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coy030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6007456PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

The development and metamorphosis of the indirect developing acorn worm (Enteropneusta: Spengelidae).

Front Zool 2018 20;15:26. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

1Hopkins Marine Station, Department of Biology, Stanford University, 120 Ocean View Boulevard, Pacific Grove, CA 93950 USA.

Background: Enteropneusts are benthic marine invertebrates that belong to the deuterostome phylum Hemichordata. The two main clades of enteropneusts are defined by differences in early life history strategies. In the Spengelidae and Ptychoderidae, development is indirect via a planktotrophic tornaria larva. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12983-018-0270-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011522PMC
June 2018
3 Reads