898 results match your criteria ACORN Journal [Journal]


Rainfall exclusion and thinning can alter the relationships between forest functioning and drought.

New Phytol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

CEFE CNRS, 1919 route de Mende, 34293, Montpellier, Cedex 5.

Increasing drought caused by the on-going climate change, and forest management by thinning that aims at mitigating its impact, may modify the current relationships between forest functions and drought intensity and preclude our ability to forecast future ecosystem responses. We used 15 years of data from an experimental rainfall exclusion (-27% of rainfall) combined with thinning (-30% stand basal area) to investigate differences in the drought-functioning relationships for each component of aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) and stand transpiration in a Mediterranean Quercus ilex stand. Rainfall exclusion reduced stand ANPP by 10%, mainly because of lowered leaf and acorn production, while wood production remained unaffected. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/nph.15860
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.15860DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Assessing effectiveness in acne clinical trials: steps towards a core outcome measure set.

Br J Dermatol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, Windsor, ON, Canada.

Background: Acne ranks second to dermatitis in terms of global burden of skin disease. As such, it is essential that data on treatment efficacy are generated in a way that maximizes the opportunity for comparison among treatments. Interest in developing core outcome sets for use in clinical trials to standardize data collection in skin disease is surging. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjd.18011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.18011DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Attempting to explore chiropractors and their clinical choices: an examination of a failed study.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 3;27:15. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Australia.

Background: Recent studies have shown that psychological factors, attitudes and beliefs impact on the quality of chiropractic student clinical decisions. This association has not been studied among qualified chiropractors. Our objective was to investigate if personality, psychological factors and/or unorthodox beliefs among chiropractors are related to choices of management in specific clinical scenarios. Read More

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https://chiromt.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12998-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-019-0236-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446310PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Hospital Admission for Severe Pediatric Dissociative Disorder.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2019 May;207(5):406-409

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Although children with dissociative disorders (DD) are referred to mental health inpatient units, no research exists to endorse this. We studied the outcomes of patients with DD over a 5-year period on a national inpatient unit for children up to 12 years of age. Demographic, clinical, and satisfaction data were collected and compared with the data of other inpatients not having DD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000980DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Development of a Wireless Health Monitoring System for Measuring Core Body Temperature from the Back of the Body.

J Healthc Eng 2019 17;2019:8936121. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

In this paper, a user-friendly and low-cost wireless health monitoring system that measures skin temperature from the back of the body for monitoring the core body temperature is proposed. To measure skin temperature accurately, a semiconductor-based microtemperature sensor with a maximum accuracy of ±0.3°C was chosen and controlled by a high-performance/low-power consumption Acorn-Reduced Instruction Set Computing Machine (ARM) architecture microcontroller to build the temperature measuring device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8936121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397989PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Cloning and characterization of a novel aspartate/glutamate racemase from the acorn worm Saccoglossus kowalevskii.

Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 2019 Jun 19;232:87-92. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, 311 Plant Science Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546-0312, USA.

Previously, we demonstrated that the animal aspartate racemase (AspR) gene has evolved from the serine racemase (SerR) gene by acquisition of three consecutive serine residues (Ser155-Ser156-Ser157) involved in the strong AspR activity, and this event has occurred independently and frequently during animal evolution. In the present study, we cloned and characterized two mammalian SerR homologous genes from the hemichordate acorn worm (Saccoglossus kowalevskii). The enzymes have been identified as an AspR and an aspartate/glutamate racemase (Asp/GluR) on the basis of their kinetic parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Increasing Babesiosis in Southeastern Pennsylvania, 2008-2017.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Mar 11;6(3):ofz066. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, Main Line Health System, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.

Tick-borne illnesses are increasing but are often underreported. Few cases of babesiosis have been reported from Pennsylvania. Our 4-hospital system in southeastern Pennsylvania saw a rise in cases from 7 or fewer yearly in 2008-2014 to 26 cases in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofz066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419987PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Cannabis resin in the region of Madrid: Adulteration and contamination.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 5;298:34-38. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Departmental Section in Veterinary School, Complutense University of Madrid. Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n, 28040, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

The aim of this study is to analyze the adulteration and contamination of cannabis resin obtained on the streets of Madrid, in order to establish whether it is suitable for human consumption. A total of 90 samples obtained through street vending in the Region of Madrid (CAM) were analyzed. Our results showed a direct relationship between the shape of the samples (acorn or ingot) and the presence of foreign elements, adulterants and microbiological contamination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.049DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Regenerative Medicine: A Review of the Evolution of Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) Therapy.

Bioengineering (Basel) 2019 Mar 13;6(1). Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Institute for Science & Technology in Medicine (ISTM), Keele University, Newcastle ST5 5BG, UK.

Articular cartilage is composed of chondrons within a territorial matrix surrounded by a highly organized extracellular matrix comprising collagen II fibrils, proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans, and non-collagenous proteins. Damaged articular cartilage has a limited potential for healing and untreated defects often progress to osteoarthritis. High hopes have been pinned on regenerative medicine strategies to meet the challenge of preventing progress to late osteoarthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering6010022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466051PMC

Arms of larval seastars of Pisaster ochraceus provide versatility in muscular and ciliary swimming.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(3):e0213803. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Friday Harbor Laboratories, University of Washington, Friday Harbor, Washington, United States of America.

Larval swimming with cilia, unaided by muscles, is the presumed ancestral condition for echinoderms, but use of muscles in swimming has evolved several times. Ciliation and musculature of the arms of brachiolaria-stage larvae in the family Asteriidae provide unusual versatility in the use of muscles in swimming. The muscles affect swimming in two different ways. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213803PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417731PMC
March 2019
1 Read

What Was Helpful Questionnaire (WHQ): Psychometric Properties of a Novel Tool Designed to Capture Parental Perceived Helpfulness of Interventions in Children Requiring Mental Health Inpatient Care.

Front Psychiatry 2019 26;10:80. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

National and Specialist Acorn Lodge Inpatient Children's Unit, South London and Mausdley NHS Foundation Trust, Bethlem Royal Hospital, Beckenham, United Kingdom.

Children in mental health inpatient care require multiple treatments. There is not a comprehensive instrument to assess perceived helpfulness of this combination of interventions. To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the What was Helpful Questionnaire (WHQ), a tool designed to capture parental perceived helpfulness of the multidimensional management approach used in inpatient children's units. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399118PMC
February 2019

Prebiotics from acorn and sago prevent high-fat-diet-induced insulin resistance via microbiome-gut-brain axis modulation.

J Nutr Biochem 2019 Jan 30;67:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Internal Medicine-Molecular Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Role of gut microbiome in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) became apparent from several independent studies indicating that gut microbiome modulators like prebiotics may improve microbiome perturbations (dysbiosis) to ameliorate metabolic derangements. We herein isolate water soluble, nondigestible polysaccharides from five plant-based foods (acorn, quinoa, sunflower, pumpkin seeds and sago) and assess their impact on human fecal microbiome and amelioration of high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity/T2D in mice. During polysaccharide isolation, purification, biochemical and digestion resistance characterization, and fermentation pattern by human fecal microbiome, we select acorn- and sago-derived prebiotics (on the basis of relatively higher purity and yield and lower protein contamination) and examine their effects in comparison to inulin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Editorial: Autism Spectrum Disorders in Individuals at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis: Possible Association With Social Deficits but Not Conversion Rates.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

National and Specialist Acorn Lodge Inpatient Children's Unit, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Clinical Academic Group, South London and the Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK; Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, NY. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.10.015DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Urban heat islands advance the timing of reproduction in a social insect.

J Therm Biol 2019 Feb 11;80:119-125. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.

For many species, the timing of life cycle events is advancing under contemporary global climate change. However, much less is known regarding phenological shifts as a result of other sources of anthropogenic change, such as urban warming. In both cases, progress has been hampered by a focus on phenological traits such as the timing of emergence, rather than the phenology of more directly related fitness traits such as the timing of reproduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Factors limiting the recruitment of , a dominant evergreen oak in SW China.

Plant Divers 2018 Dec 29;40(6):277-283. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China.

is a dominant species of oak in the Asian evergreen broad-leaved forests in southwestern China but seedlings are uncommon and recruitment is rare. Annual acorn production by is variable and the acorns are exposed to a series of mortality risks. Understanding the factors that limit recruitment of the oak requires knowledge of the oak's life cycle from acorn production to germination and seedling establishment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pld.2018.11.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318200PMC
December 2018

Pain assessment and pain treatment for community-dwelling people with dementia: A systematic review and narrative synthesis.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Research Institute for Primary Care and Health Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK.

Objectives: To describe the current literature on pain assessment and pain treatment for community-dwelling people with dementia.

Method: A comprehensive systematic search of the literature with narrative synthesis was conducted. Eight major bibliographic databases were searched in October 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.5078DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Transcriptome: from laboratory to clinic room.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Royal Hospital for Children, Glasgow, UK.

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http://ep.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/archdischild-2017-31389
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-313890DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Implementing primary healthcare nurse practitioners in long-term care teams: A qualitative descriptive study.

J Adv Nurs 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, Quebec, QC, Canada.

Aim: To identify the conditions needed to implement nurse practitioners (NP) in long-term care (LTC) in Québec, Canada.

Design: A qualitative descriptive study was undertaken.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews (N = 91) and socio-demographic questionnaires were completed with providers and managers from May 2016-March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.13962DOI Listing
January 2019

Response of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Survival, Life History, and Population Growth to Oak Leaf and Acorn Detritus.

Authors:
R E Rogers D A Yee

J Med Entomol 2019 Feb;56(2):303-310

School of Biological, Environmental, and Earth Sciences, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi.

Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) and Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) are invasive container mosquitoes that are of potential medical importance in the southern United States. Seeds (acorns) and leaves from oak trees can contribute seasonally to the detritus of larval container habitats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjy172DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Reliability of patient-reported complications following hip or knee arthroplasty procedures.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2019 Jan 11;19(1):15. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

South Western Sydney Clinical School, UNSW Sydney, Level 2, Clinical Building, Liverpool Hospital, Cnr Elizabeth and Goulburn Sts, Liverpool NSW, 2170, Australia.

Background: Patient reported outcomes are increasingly used to assess the success of surgical procedures. Patient reported complications are often included as an outcome. However, these data must be validated to be accurate and useful in clinical practice. Read More

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https://bmcmedresmethodol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0645-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330452PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

Weather cues associated with masting behavior dampen the negative autocorrelation between past and current reproduction in oaks.

Am J Bot 2019 Jan 11;106(1):51-60. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, California, USA, 92697.

Premise Of The Study: The influence of weather conditions on masting and the ecological advantages of this reproductive behavior have been the subject of much interest. Weather conditions act as cues influencing reproduction of individual plants, and similar responses expressed across many individuals lead to population-level synchrony in reproductive output. In turn, synchrony leads to benefits from economies of scale such as enhanced pollination success and seed predator satiation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajb2.1210
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1210DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Responses of an endangered brown bear population to climate change based on predictable food resource and shelter alterations.

Glob Chang Biol 2019 03 24;25(3):1133-1151. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

GIS-Forest Group, Department of Organisms and Systems Biology, University of Oviedo, Mieres, Spain.

The survival of an increasing number of species is threatened by climate change: 20%-30% of plants and animals seem to be at risk of range shift or extinction if global warming reaches levels projected to occur by the end of this century. Plant range shifts may determine whether animal species that rely on plant availability for food and shelter will be affected by new patterns of plant occupancy and availability. Brown bears in temperate forested habitats mostly forage on plants and it may be expected that climate change will affect the viability of the endangered populations of southern Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14564DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

A Study to Assess Home Health Nurses from a Carative Perspective.

Hosp Top 2019 Jan 2;97(1):11-14. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

a 10 Acorn Drive , Nesquehoning , PA , USA.

The aging population is steadily rising, resulting in an increased need for in-home healthcare. This study examined the impact of several carative factors demonstrated by home health nurses. Multiple regression was used to examine the impact of the carative factors, measured by the Caring Nurse Patient Interaction Scale (CNPI-70). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00185868.2018.1551735DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Iberian pig adaptation to acorn consumption: II. Net portal appearance of amino acids.

PeerJ 2018 18;6:e6137. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Physiology and Biochemistry of Animal Nutrition, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Granada, Spain.

In Iberian pig outdoor production, pigs are fed equilibrated diets until the final fattening period when grazing pigs consume mainly acorns from oak trees. Acorns are rich in energy but poor in crude protein where lysine is the first limiting amino acid (AA). Net portal appearance (NPA) is very useful to ascertain AA available for liver and peripheral tissues. Read More

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https://peerj.com/articles/6137
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302897PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

The oak (Quercus brantii) acorn as a growth promotor for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): growth performance, body composition, liver enzymes activity and blood biochemical parameters.

Nat Prod Res 2018 Dec 23:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

e Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences , University of Messina Viale Ferdinando Stagno d'Alcontres , S. Agata , Messina , Italy.

Medicinal plants play an important role in aquaculture as feed additives. This study aimed to investigate effects of alcoholic extract of acorn on growth performance, body composition, digestive enzymes activity and blood biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (O. mykiss) as a commercially important fish. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14786419.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2018.1538994DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Regeneration of the acorn worm pygochord with the implication for its convergent evolution with the notochord.

Dev Growth Differ 2019 Feb 18;61(2):158-165. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

The origin of the notochord is a central issue in chordate evolution. This study examined the development of the acorn worm pygochord, a putative homologue of the notochord. Because the pygochord differentiates only after metamorphosis, the developmental was followed process by inducing regeneration after artificial amputation in Ptychodera flava. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dgd.12581DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Childhood disintegrative disorder and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2019 May 13;61(5):523-534. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Children's Neurosciences, Evelina London Children's Hospital, St Thomas' Hospital, King's Health Partners Academic Health Science Centre, London, UK.

Aim: In an attempt to clarify the debate surrounding the diagnostic validity of childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), we systematically reviewed its characteristics and compared it with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Method: Four databases were searched (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web of Science). Included articles had participants with CDD, as defined by symptoms present in the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision and the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14126DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Characterization of longitudinal canal tissue in the acorn barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite.

PLoS One 2018 10;13(12):e0208352. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., United States of America.

The morphology and composition of tissue located within parietal shell canals of the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite are described. Longitudinal canal tissue nearly spans the length of side shell plates, terminating near the leading edge of the specimen basis in proximity to female reproductive tissue located throughout the peripheral sub-mantle region, i.e. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208352PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287898PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Constrained Variational Quantum Eigensolver: Quantum Computer Search Engine in the Fock Space.

J Chem Theory Comput 2019 Jan 18;15(1):249-255. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences , University of Toronto Scarborough , Toronto , Ontario M1C 1A4 , Canada.

Variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) is an efficient computational method promising chemical accuracy in electronic structure calculations on a universal-gate quantum computer. However, such a simple task as computing the electronic energy of a hydrogen molecular cation, H, is not possible for a general VQE protocol because the calculation will invariably collapse to a lower energy of the corresponding neutral form, H. The origin of the problem is that VQE effectively performs an unconstrained energy optimization in the Fock space of the original electronic problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.8b00943DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Effect of moderate and regular consumption of Cinco Jotas acorn-fed 100% Iberian ham on overall cardiovascular risk: A cohort study.

Food Sci Nutr 2018 Nov 25;6(8):2553-2559. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Laboratory Juan Ramón Jiménez Hospital Huelva Spain.

Objective: To evaluate the impact that the moderate and regular consumption of Cinco Jotas acorn-fed 100% Iberian ham has on overall cardiovascular risk, lipid parameters, blood pressure, and weight.

Methods: A longitudinal, analytical, and quasi-experimental clinical study with repeated measures was carried out with 100 randomly selected individuals in primary care. The sample population included men and women (64%) between the ages of 25 and 55 (42. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/fsn3.869
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.869DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261208PMC
November 2018
16 Reads

Open Reduction and Tunneled Suspensory Device Fixation Compared with Nonoperative Treatment for Type-III and Type-IV Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocations: The ACORN Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2018 Nov;100(22):1912-1918

The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Nonoperative management of complete acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation has yielded reasonable results, although patients may report dissatisfaction with the outcome. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, controlled trial was to compare patient outcome following nonoperative care versus operative treatment with open reduction and tunneled suspension device (ORTSD) fixation for acute, type-III or IV disruptions of the AC joint.

Methods: Sixty patients aged 16 to 35 years with an acute type-III or IV disruption of the AC joint were randomized to receive ORTSD fixation or nonoperative treatment, following a power analysis to determine sample size. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00004623-201811210-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00412DOI Listing
November 2018
31 Reads

Synthesis of triterpenoid derivatives and their anti-tumor and anti-hepatic fibrosis activities.

Nat Prod Res 2018 Nov 16:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a School of Functional Food and Wine , Shenyang Pharmaceutical University , Shenyang , People's Republic of China.

Oleanolic acid (1), ursolic acid (2), hederagenin (3), betulinol (4), betulinic acid (5), and glycyrrhetinic acid (6) are obtained from acorn/licorice industrial wastes with common triterpenoid structure as a model set for esterification. Eight 3,4,5-methoxybenzoyl triterpenoid derivatives (1a-6a), including four new derivatives (1a, 3a-1, 3a-2, and 3a-3), are synthesized by classical procedures. Their antitumor and anti-hepatic fibrosis activities are evaluated on four human tumor cell lines and t-HSC/Cl-6 cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2018.1499642DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Comparative Analysis of the Adhesive Proteins of the Adult Stalked Goose Barnacle Pollicipes pollicipes (Cirripedia: Pedunculata).

Mar Biotechnol (NY) 2019 Feb 10;21(1):38-51. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

CIIMAR/CIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Terminal de Cruzeiros do Porto de Leixões, Av. General Norton de Matos, s/n, 4450-208, Matosinhos, Portugal.

Adhesion in barnacles is still poorly understood. The cement gland secretes an insoluble multi-protein complex, which adheres very strongly to a variety of substrates in the presence of water. This adhesion mechanism is bioinspiring for the engineering of new adhesive materials, but to replicate this adhesive system, the genes coding for the cement constitutive proteins must be identified and elucidated, and their products characterised. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10126-018-9856-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10126-018-9856-yDOI Listing
February 2019
20 Reads

I-SceI Meganuclease-mediated transgenesis in the acorn worm, Saccoglossus kowalevskii.

Dev Biol 2019 01 6;445(1):8-15. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Hopkins Marine Station, Department of Biology, Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA 93950, United States. Electronic address:

Hemichordates are a phylum of marine invertebrate deuterostomes that are closely related to chordates, and represent one of the most promising models to provide insights into early deuterostome evolution. The genome of the hemichordate, Saccoglossus kowalevskii, reveals an extensive set of non-coding elements conserved across all three deuterostome phyla. Functional characterization and cross-phyla comparisons of these putative regulatory elements will enable a better understanding of enhancer evolution, and subsequently how changes in gene regulation give rise to morphological innovation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00121606183057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2018.10.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327965PMC
January 2019
20 Reads

Toward characterizing germination and early growth in the non-orthodox forest tree species Quercus ilex through complementary gel and gel-free proteomic analysis of embryo and seedlings.

J Proteomics 2019 Apr 6;197:60-70. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Agroforestry and Plant Biochemistry, Proteomics, and Systems Biology Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology- ETSIAM, University of Cordoba, UCO-CeiA3, Spain. Electronic address:

By using two complementary proteomics, gel-based and gel-free (shotgun) approaches, the protein profiles of the non-orthodox forest tree species Quercus ilex seeds during germination and early seedling growth have been compared. Proteins were extracted from embryo axis, radicle and shoot tissues at different developmental stages. Proteins were subjected to one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18743919183039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2018.11.003DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Iberian pig adaptation to acorn consumption: I. Net portal appearance of metabolites.

PeerJ 2018 31;6:e5861. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Physiology and Biochemistry of Animal Nutrition, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Granada, Spain.

Most valuable cured products from Iberian pigs come from pure bred animals raised for a final grazing-fattening period where pigs eat mainly acorns, a low protein energy rich fruit. This is a nutritional challenge for animals fed equilibrated diets from weaning. The aim of the study was to determine net portal appearance (NPA) of metabolites in gilts fed acorns and evaluate adaptational changes after one week of feeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215437PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Millimeter-sized capsules prepared using liquid marbles: Encapsulation of ingredients with high efficiency and preparation of spherical core-shell capsules with highly uniform shell thickness using centrifugal force.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Feb 23;536:414-423. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-40 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan. Electronic address:

Hypothesis: In our previous study, we prepared millimeter-sized spherical hard capsules by solidifying droplets of liquid monomer or polymer solution placed on superamphiphobic surface. Application of liquid marbles in place of the naked droplets for capsule preparation has a great potential to increase encapsulation efficiency of high volatile ingredients. Further, interfacial thermodynamic prediction of internal configuration of capsules from spreading coefficients may be effective to prepare core/shell capsule. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219797183125
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2018.10.058DOI Listing
February 2019
27 Reads

Effectiveness of camera traps for quantifying daytime and nighttime visitation by vertebrate pollinators.

Ecol Evol 2018 Sep 24;8(18):9304-9314. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Oberlin College Oberlin Ohio USA.

Identification of pollen vectors is a fundamental objective of pollination biology. The foraging and social behavior of these pollinators has profound effects on plant mating, making quantification of their behavior critical for understanding the ecological and evolutionary consequences of different pollinators for the plants they visit. However, accurate quantification of visitation may be problematic, especially for shy animals and/or when the temporal and spatial scale of observation desired is large. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194244PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Antioxidant activity, tocopherols and polyphenols of acornoil obtained from Quercus species grown in Algeria.

Food Res Int 2018 Dec 4;114:208-213. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, Food Science and Technology Unit, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Amendola, 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy. Electronic address:

Among the unusual vegetable fats, acorn oil has interesting nutritional and functional properties. Few studies are present in literature on acorn oil characterization and antioxidant activity evaluation while no studies are present regarding the analysis of the phenolic profile. The present study aims at investigating the content of hydrophilic and lipophilic phenolic compounds and pigments, as well as antioxidant properties and quality of the oil extracted from three Quercus species grown in Algeria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969183061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.08.010DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads
2.820 Impact Factor

Associations between polygenic risk scores for four psychiatric illnesses and brain structure using multivariate pattern recognition.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 9;20:1026-1036. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK; Department of Psychology, School of Arts and Social Sciences, City, University of London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Psychiatric illnesses are complex and polygenic. They are associated with widespread alterations in the brain, which are partly influenced by genetic factors. There have been some attempts to relate polygenic risk scores (PRS) - a measure of the overall genetic risk an individual carries for a disorder - to brain structure using univariate methods. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22131582183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.10.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197704PMC
February 2019
17 Reads

Classifying different Iberian pig genetic lines by applying chemical-instrumental parameters of dry-cured Iberian shoulders.

J Food Sci Technol 2018 Nov 1;55(11):4589-4599. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Animal Source Foodstuffs Innovation Services (SiPA), University of Extremadura, Av/Universidad, S/N, 10003 Cáceres, Cáceres Spain.

Iberian pigs are an autochthonous porcine breed mainly bred in southwestern of Iberian Peninsula, this herd traditionally feeds on acorn and pasture, in an extensive production system. In this study, the main objective was for classifying Iberian shoulders from different genetic lines of pigs and their crossed genetic lines. For that, morphology parameters, fatty acid profile and volatile compounds were determined on two batches of dry-cured Iberian shoulders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-018-3396-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170358PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Effect of oak acorn level on colostrum composition and plasma immunoglobulin G of late-pregnant goats and their kids.

Animal 2018 Nov;12(11):2300-2309

3Animal Science Research Institute of Iran,AREEO,Karaj 31466-18361,Iran.

Oak acorn contains high levels of tannins which have capacity to form complexes with proteins and consequently reduce their availability and as a result it could reduce colostrum quality and immunoglobulin (Ig) synthesis. Thus, the aim of this experiment was to investigate the effects of dietary oak (Quercus persica) acorn (OA) level during the last 60 days of pregnancy on colostrum composition and plasma metabolites and IgG level of goats and their kids. In all, 24 multiparous pregnant goats (41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731118000368DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Shared psychotic disorder in children and young people: a systematic review.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

This study aimed at searching the literature and reassessing the concept of shared psychotic disorder (SPD) in young people under 18 taking into account genetic vulnerability, social circumstances and family situation to have a better understanding of this condition. Published case reports from 1980 through to March 2017, which included children and adolescents meeting DSM-III/IV/IV-TR or ICD 10 criteria of SPD, were identified. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected and analysed; a post hoc analysis comparing inductors and induced was also conducted. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00787-018-1236-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-018-1236-7DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Pollen limitation as a main driver of fruiting dynamics in oak populations.

Ecol Lett 2019 Jan 15;22(1):98-107. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, CNRS, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, UMR 5558, F-69622, Villeurbanne, France.

In many perennial wind-pollinated plants, the dynamics of seed production is commonly known to be highly fluctuating from year to year and synchronised among individuals within populations. The proximate causes of such seeding dynamics, called masting, are still poorly understood in oak species that are widespread in the northern hemisphere, and whose fruiting dynamics dramatically impacts forest regeneration and biodiversity. Combining long-term surveys of oak airborne pollen amount and acorn production over large-scale field networks in temperate areas, and a mechanistic modelling approach, we found that the pollen dynamics is the key driver of oak masting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.13171DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Multifractal analysis application to the study of fat and its infiltration in Iberian ham: Influence of racial and feeding factors and type of slicing.

Meat Sci 2019 Feb 5;148:55-63. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Graphic Engineering and Geomatics, University of Cordoba, Campus Rabanales, Edif. Mendel, Córdoba 14071, Spain.

This paper explores the multifractal features of different commercial designations of Iberian ham (acorn 100% Iberian ham, acorn Iberian ham, feed/pasture Iberian ham and feed Iberian ham). This study has been done by taking as input the fatty infiltration patterns obtained from digital image analysis of ham cuts comparing mechanic and manual slicing. The yielded results show the multifractal nature of fatty connective tissue in Iberian ham, only when knife cutting is applied, confirming the differences between the designations according to their genetics and feeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.10.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Parasite and host biomass and reproductive output in barnacle populations in the rocky intertidal zone.

Parasitology 2019 Mar 10;146(3):407-412. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography - Marine Biology Research Division, University of California,San Diego,La Jolla,California 92093,USA.

The rocky intertidal zone has a long history of ecological study with barnacles frequently serving as a model system to explore foundational theories. Parasites are often ignored in community ecology studies, and this particularly holds for true for the rocky intertidal zone. We explore the role of the isopod parasite, Hemioniscus balani, on its host, the acorn barnacle, Chthamalus fissus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182018001634DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Citric Acid Production from Acorn Starch by Tannin Tolerance Mutant Aspergillus niger AA120.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

In this study, acorn starch was investigated as a new material for fermenting production of citric acid by using a tannin tolerance mutant strain Aspergillus niger AA120. The mutant A. niger AA120 was obtained by initially atmospheric pressure plasma at room temperature (ARTP) mutagenesis and then tannin gradient domestication. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12010-018-2902-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-018-2902-4DOI Listing
October 2018
27 Reads

The phytochemical rich potential of acorn () products and by products.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2018 Jun 13;27(3):819-828. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Department of Food Technology, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, PO Box 141, 57 400 Thessaloníki, Greece.

The phytochemical content of acorn () products (nuts and flour) and by products (shells and leaching waters) regarding their content in total phenols, fatty acids, sodium, potassium and calcium was investigated. Antioxidant activity was also examined. Acorn materials presented high total phenol content (up to 47. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10068-017-0293-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6049693PMC
June 2018
1 Read