972 results match your criteria ACORN Journal [Journal]


Balancing Internal and External Validity Using Precis-2 and Re-Aim: Case Exemplars.

West J Nurs Res 2020 Jul 10:193945920940308. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

College of Nursing, Advancing Chronic Care through Research and Innovation Center (ACORN Center), University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

The National Institutes of Health estimated that $3-$4 billion is spent supporting clinical trials annually, yet an average of 17 years is required for research evidence to be implemented into practice. Study designs that balance external and internal validity, based on the goals of the study and relative to the state of the science, may accelerate knowledge translation. The purpose of this case study was to evaluate two randomized control trials on the effectiveness-efficacy continuum using the PRagmatic Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary and the Research Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193945920940308DOI Listing

Effects of storage on the oxidative stability of acorn oils extracted from three different Quercus species.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, Food Science and Technology Unit, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Amendola, 165/A, 70126, Bari, Italy.

Background: Acorn fruit, its components and by-products are experiencing renewed interest thanks to their nutritional and phytochemical features. In particular, the oil extracted from acorns is recognized for having high nutritional quality and for being rich in bioactive compounds. Despite the growing interest, few papers are available about the evolution of acorn oil characteristics during storage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10623DOI Listing
July 2020
1.714 Impact Factor

Improving Medication Adherence in an ACO Primary Care Office With a Pharmacist-Led Clinic: A Report From the ACORN SEED.

J Pharm Pract 2020 Jun 24:897190020934271. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

MMR Healthcare Internal Medicine Clinic, Boynton Beach, FL, USA.

Background: As health care moves into the era of value-based medicine, both ambulatory and acute settings are being held accountable for the quality of care provided to patients. Previous studies have shown improved clinical outcomes through medication therapy management (MTM) due to improved medication adherence.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of a pharmacist-led MTM clinic in an accountable care organization (ACO) affiliated primary care office on adherence to renin-angiotensin system (RAS) antagonists, diabetic medications, and/or statin medications reported through Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) Medicare Star Ratings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0897190020934271DOI Listing

Editorial: A Special Tree in the Forest: From Oak to Acorn to Oak.

Authors:
L Eugene Arnold

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Nisonger Center Clinical Trials Program, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.06.002DOI Listing

A cross-sectional community-based observational study of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 prevalence in the greater Indianapolis area.

J Med Virol 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, Indiana.

The Asymptomatic novel CORonavirus iNfection (ACORN) study was designed to investigate the prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in the asymptomatic adult population of the Indianapolis metropolitan area, to follow individuals testing positive for the development of symptoms, and to understand duration of positive test results. ACORN is a cross-sectional community-based observational study of adult residents presenting asymptomatic for COVID-like illness, defined as the self-reported absence of the following three symptoms in the last 7 days: fever (≥100°F), new-onset or worsening cough, and new-onset or worsening shortness of breath. SARS-CoV-2 infection was determined by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal swab samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323176PMC

Theoretical Study on Chemiluminescence of HO-dependent Tetrachloro-1,4-benzoquinone.

J Org Chem 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Key Laboratory of Theoretical and Computational Photochemistry, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.

Compared with O-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) and bioluminescence (BL), HO-dependent ones are far from being completely understood. A two-step mechanism for HO-dependent CL production from tetrachloro-1,4-benzoquinone (TCBQ) was proposed based on experimental evidence of detecting the formation of several intermediates and products. This mechanism is not yet supported by theoretical evidence, and its details remain unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.0c00955DOI Listing

ACORN (A Clinically-Oriented Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network): a pilot protocol for case based antimicrobial resistance surveillance.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 1;5:13. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) / drug resistant infections (DRIs) are a major global health priority. Surveillance data is critical to inform infection treatment guidelines, monitor trends, and to assess interventions. However, most existing AMR / DRI surveillance systems are passive and pathogen-based with many potential biases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15681.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250055.2PMC

Diallyl disulphide-loaded spherical gold nanoparticles and acorn-like silver nanoparticles synthesised using onion extract: catalytic activity and cytotoxicity.

Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol 2020 Dec;48(1):948-960

College of Pharmacy and Inje Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, Inje University, Gimhae, Republic of Korea.

Onion () extract was used for the green synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles. Each colloidal solution exhibited surface plasmon resonance, with a peak at 532 nm for gold nanoparticles and 391 nm for silver nanoparticles. Microscopic results confirmed the presence of spherical shapes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21691401.2020.1773485DOI Listing
December 2020

Optimization of acorn (Quercus suber L.) muffin formulations: Effect of using hydrocolloids by a mixture design approach.

Food Chem 2020 Oct 16;328:127082. Epub 2020 May 16.

Université de Sfax, Laboratoire Analyses, Valorisation et Sécurité des Aliments, Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sfax, Route de Soukra, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia.

Acorn flour was used as a gluten-free ingredient to produce acorn muffins. Interaction effects between xanthan (X), carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and κ-carrageenan (κ-C) (0-0.3%) on the height and textural parameters of the formulated acorn flour muffins were investigated using a mixture design approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127082DOI Listing
October 2020

Tolerance of Honey Bees to Mite in the Absence of Deformed Wing Virus.

Viruses 2020 May 23;12(5). Epub 2020 May 23.

Research and Development Division, Abu Dhabi Agriculture & Food Safety Authority, Al Ain, UAE.

The global spread of the parasitic mite has emphasized the significance of viruses as pathogens of honey bee () populations. In particular, the association of deformed wing virus (DWV) with and its devastating effect on honey bee colonies has led to that virus now becoming one of the most well-studied insect viruses. However, there has been no opportunity to examine the effects of Varroa mites without the influence of DWV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v12050575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290856PMC

Practice facilitation to promote evidence-based screening and management of unhealthy alcohol use in primary care: a practice-level randomized controlled trial.

BMC Fam Pract 2020 May 20;21(1):93. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Family Medicine and Population Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, One Capitol Square, Room 637, 830 East Main Street, Richmond, VA, 23219, USA.

Background: Unhealthy alcohol use is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Evidence demonstrates that screening for unhealthy alcohol use and providing persons engaged in risky drinking with brief behavioral and counseling interventions improves health outcomes, collectively termed screening and brief interventions. Medication assisted therapy (MAT) is another effective method for treatment of moderate or severe alcohol use disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12875-020-01147-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240919PMC

Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction following inpatient treatment for childhood-onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders vs non-psychotic disorders in children in the United Kingdom.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

National and Specialist Acorn Lodge Inpatient Children's Unit, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Clinical Academic Group, South London and the Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between children with Childhood-onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders (COSS) and children with other severe non-psychotic psychiatric conditions (non-COSS), all admitted to a national mental health inpatient children's unit.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all children discharged from a national children's inpatient unit in the United Kingdom, between 2009 and 2018. We compared functional and treatment outcomes and satisfaction with treatment in COSS with non-COSS in the whole sample and separately for male and female patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eip.12973DOI Listing

Hemizygous mutations in L1CAM in two unrelated male probands with childhood onset psychosis.

Psychiatr Genet 2020 Jun;30(3):73-82

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, Du Cane Road, London.

Objective: To identify genes underlying childhood onset psychosis.

Methods: Patients with onset of psychosis at age 13 or younger were identified from clinics across England, and they and their parents were exome sequenced and analysed for possible highly penetrant genetic contributors.

Results: We report two male childhood onset psychosis patients of different ancestries carrying hemizygous very rare possibly damaging missense variants (p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YPG.0000000000000253DOI Listing

Doxorubicin Loaded Poloxamer Thermosensitive Hydrogels: Chemical, Pharmacological and Biological Evaluation.

Molecules 2020 May 8;25(9). Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Radiology, division Translational Nanobiomaterials and Imaging, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands.

(1) Background: doxorubicin is a potent chemotherapeutic agent, but it has limitations regarding its side effects and therapy resistance. Hydrogels potentially deal with these problems, but several characterizations need to be optimized to better understand how hydrogel assisted chemotherapy works. Poloxamer 407 (P407) hydrogels were mixed with doxorubicin and physico-chemical, biological, and pharmacological characterizations were considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25092219DOI Listing

Morphological, physico-chemical and functional properties of underutilized starches in China.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 May 7;158:648-655. Epub 2020 May 7.

Food Science and Technology Program, Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University United International College, Zhuhai, Guangdong 519087, China. Electronic address:

In this study, starches were isolated from different non-conventional sources (acorn, black wheat, buckwheat, coix seed, jiaoyu, kuzhu, longya lily, and naked oat) cultivated in China, and their morphological, physico-chemical, and functional properties were analyzed. Among isolated starches, significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed in morphology, pasting, crystallinity, physico-chemical, and functional properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.05.031DOI Listing

Impact of Acorn Flour on Gluten-Free Dough Rheology Properties.

Foods 2020 May 2;9(5). Epub 2020 May 2.

LEAF-Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisbon, Portugal.

Gluten is a fundamental ingredient in breadmaking, since is responsible for the viscoelastic behaviour of the dough. The lack of gluten has a critical effect on gluten-free dough, leading to less cohesive and less elastic doughs, and its replacement represents a challenge for bakery industry. However, dough rheology can be improved combining different ingredients with structural capacity and taking advantage from their interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9050560DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7278785PMC

Effect of protein and oil volume concentrations on emulsifying properties of acorn protein isolate.

Food Chem 2020 Sep 24;324:126894. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Interdisciplinary Research Center in Biomedical Materials (IRCBM), COMSAT University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Punjab, Pakistan.

This study aims to extract acorn protein isolate (API) from locally abundant waste acorn fruit and investigate its emulsification behavior by mixing different protein (0.1-2% w/v) and oil volume concentrations (5-45% v/v). Significant decrease in emulsifying activity index (EAI) and an increase in emulsifying stability index (ESI) were observed with an increase in API concentrations (P < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126894DOI Listing
September 2020
3.391 Impact Factor

How does increasing mast seeding frequency affect population dynamics of seed consumers? Wild boar as a case study.

Ecol Appl 2020 Apr 16:e02134. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Biology, Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 7491, Norway.

Mast seeding in temperate oak populations shapes the dynamics of seed consumers and numerous communities. Mast seeding responds positively to warm spring temperatures and is therefore expected to increase under global warming. We investigated the potential effects of changes in oak mast seeding on wild boar population dynamics, a widespread and abundant consumer species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eap.2134DOI Listing

Acidic-Treated Acorn Pollen as Health Functional Food Materials for Improvement of Post-Menopausal Glucose Metabolism.

Prev Nutr Food Sci 2020 Mar;25(1):50-57

Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea.

Pollen has high physiological value because it contains protein, essential amino acids, and 16 vitamins. However, pollen is difficult to absorb because of its hard form. This study explores the use of the acid-treated acorn pollen (acorn pollen deposited in apple vinegar for 30 days). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3746/pnf.2020.25.1.50DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7143018PMC

Case-based surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in the ACORN (A Clinically Oriented Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network) study.

JAC Antimicrob Resist 2020 Mar 12;2(1):dlaa018. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jacamr/dlaa018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7134533PMC

Acorn Isotopic Composition: A New Promising Tool for Authenticity Maps of Montado's High-Value Food Products.

Molecules 2020 Mar 27;25(7). Epub 2020 Mar 27.

cE3c-Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.

It is often overlooked that even food production is linked to the ecology of plants and animals. Living organisms respond to environmental short-and long-term variability: acknowledging this may help in the ultimate goal of valorizing a territory/product. We investigated acorns of the two main species of the Portuguese , a main feed of the renown black Iberian pig. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25071535DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181146PMC

Social construction of biopsychosocial and medical experiences of women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

J Adv Nurs 2020 Jul 17;76(7):1728-1736. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Advancing Chronic Care through Research and iNnovation Center (ACORN Center), University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Aim: To explore the perceived biopsychosocial and medical experiences of women with polycystic ovary syndrome, as presented in stories written by women on a social support website.

Design: Qualitative descriptive using low inference content analysis, guided by the social construction of illness theoretical framework.

Methods: In July 2018, 95 of 379 website stories were randomly selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.14371DOI Listing

Protecting wild animals.

Vet Rec 2020 03;186(9):286

Acorn House, 25 Mardley Hill, Welwyn, Hertfordshire AL6 0TT.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.m839DOI Listing

A diet based on cured acorn-fed ham with oleic acid content promotes anti-inflammatory gut microbiota and prevents ulcerative colitis in an animal model.

Lipids Health Dis 2020 Feb 24;19(1):28. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Research Group BIONUC (Biotechnology of Nutraceuticals and Bioactive Compounds), Departamento de Biología Funcional, Área de Microbiología, Universidad de Oviedo, 33006, Oviedo, Principality of Asturias, Spain.

Background: Diets based on meat products are not recommended in the case of ulcerative colitis (UC). The objective here is to test if some traditional cured meat products, as acorn-fed ham (high levels of oleic acid), may be useful for controlling inflammatory diseases as UC in animal models, which could represent a new dietary complementary intervention in the prevention of this inflammatory disease in humans.

Methods: Two rat cohorts have been used: conventional vegetable rat feed and acorn-fed ham. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12944-020-01205-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7041278PMC
February 2020

Anti-neuroinflammatory triterpenoids from the seeds of Quercus serrata Thunb.

Fitoterapia 2020 Apr 22;142:104523. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

School of Pharmacy, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China; Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Lead Compounds & Drug Discovery, Guangzhou 510006, China. Electronic address:

The seeds of Quercus serrata Thunb. (acorns) have been served as a healthy food in Asia. In this study, five previously undescribed triterpenoids, along with nineteen known triterpenoids were isolated from acorns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2020.104523DOI Listing

Fruit development of Lithocarpus (Fagaceae) and the role of heterochrony in their evolution.

J Plant Res 2020 Mar 3;133(2):217-229. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

The Center for Tree Science, The Morton Arboretum, 4100 Illinois Route 53, Lisle, IL, 60532, USA.

Stone oaks, or Lithocarpus species of Fagaceae are ecologically important canopy trees in the tropical and subtropical forests over East Asia, and the fruits of which are important food sources for insects and vertebrates there. The great fruit morphological variation of this genus represents two fruit types, acorn and enclosed receptacle fruit types. However, the evolutionary mechanisms of differentiation into these two fruit types with contrasting morphology remain a puzzle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-020-01168-1DOI Listing

Urbanization without isolation: the absence of genetic structure among cities and forests in the tiny acorn ant .

Biol Lett 2020 01 29;16(1):20190741. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), UMR 7205, MNHN, CNRS, EPHE, Sorbonne Université, 75005 Paris, France.

Urban alteration of neutral and adaptive evolutionary processes is still underexplored. Using a genome-wide SNP dataset, we investigated (i) urban-induced modifications of population demography, genetic diversity and population structure and (ii) signature of divergent selection between urban and forest populations in the ant species, Our results did not reveal an impact of urbanization on neutral processes since we observed: (i) analogous genetic diversity among paired urban/forest sites and two control populations; (ii) weak population genetic structure explained neither by habitat (urban versus forest) nor by geography; (iii) a remarkably similar demographic history across populations with an ancestral growth followed by a recent decline, regardless of their current habitat or geographical location. The micro-geographical home range of ants may explain their resilience to urbanization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0741DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7013475PMC
January 2020

Predischarge Provider Visits as a Method of Improving Transitional Care Clinic Visit Rates.

J Nurs Care Qual 2020 Jan 16. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Transition Services, Atrium Health, Charlotte, North Carolina (Dr James); Advancing Chronic Care Outcome Through Research and Innovation (ACORN) Center, College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia (Dr Corbett); MSN Nursing Administration Program, College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia (Dr Jones); Sanger Heart and Vascular Institute-Atrium Health, Charlotte, North Carolina (Dr Moore-Gibbs); and Atrium Health's Center for Advanced Practice APP Cardiovascular Fellowship, Charlotte, North Carolina (Dr Moore-Gibbs).

Background: Transitional care interventions have been associated with reduced 30-day patient readmission, better quality of health care, and lower emergency department visits and health care costs.

Local Problem: Transition Services at a major quaternary care center was underutilized by patients who were referred to the program.

Methods: A pre-/postimplementation evaluation design was used to evaluate a quality improvement intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000467DOI Listing
January 2020

Hexavalent chromium removal and total chromium biosorption from aqueous solution by Quercus crassipes acorn shell in a continuous up-flow fixed-bed column: Influencing parameters, kinetics, and mechanism.

PLoS One 2020 21;15(1):e0227953. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Departamento de Ingeniería Bioquímica, Avenida Wilfrido Massieu s/n, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, Delegación Gustavo A. Madero, Ciudad de México, México.

Continuous fixed-bed column studies were carried out, utilizing acorn shell from Quercus crassipes Humb. & Bonpl. (QCS), in order to remove total chromium and Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0227953PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6974291PMC

Anti-Atopic Effect of Acorn Shell Extract on Atopic Dermatitis-Like Lesions in Mice and Its Active Phytochemicals.

Biomolecules 2019 12 29;10(1). Epub 2019 Dec 29.

Natural Products Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Gangneung 25451, Korea.

To investigate the potential effects of acorn shells on atopic dermatitis (AD), we utilized oxazolone (OX)- or 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD-like lesion mouse models. Our research demonstrates that Acorn shell extract (ASE) improved the progression of AD-like lesions, including swelling, which were induced by oxazolone on Balb/c mouse ears. Additionally, ASE significantly decreased the ear thickness (OX: 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom10010057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7023073PMC
December 2019

Variation in seed traits among Mediterranean oaks in Tunisia and their ecological significance.

Ann Bot 2020 05;125(6):891-904

IRD, Université Montpellier, UMR DIADE, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier, France.

Background And Aims: Oaks are the foundation and dominant tree species of most Mediterranean forests. As climate models predict dramatic changes in the Mediterranean basin, a better understanding of the ecophysiology of seed persistence and germination in oaks could help define their regeneration niches. Tunisian oaks occupy distinct geographical areas, which differ in their rainfall and temperature regimes, and are thus a valuable model to investigate relationships between seed traits and species ecological requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcz211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218815PMC

The integration of personal narratives into hospital-based palliative care can relieve patient psychosocial and existential suffering.

Authors:
Michelle Acorn

Evid Based Nurs 2019 Dec 23. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

NP/Nursing, University of Toronto Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, Janetville, Ontario, Canada

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ebnurs-2019-103207DOI Listing
December 2019

Description of three bacterial strains belonging to the new genus Novipirellula gen. nov., reclassificiation of Rhodopirellula rosea and Rhodopirellula caenicola and readjustment of the genus threshold of the phylogenetic marker rpoB for Planctomycetaceae.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2019 Dec 19. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Microbiology, Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Access to axenic cultures of Planctomycetes is crucial for further investigating their complex lifestyle, uncommon cell biology and primary and secondary metabolism. As a contribution to achieve this goal in the future, we here describe three strains belonging to the novel genus Novipirellula gen. nov. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-019-01374-5DOI Listing
December 2019

Structured, proactive care coordination versus usual care for Improving Morbidity during Post-Acute Care Transitions for Sepsis (IMPACTS): a pragmatic, randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Nov 29;20(1):660. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Department of Internal Medicine, Atrium Health, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Background: Hospital mortality for patients with sepsis has recently declined, but sepsis survivors still suffer from significant long-term mortality and morbidity. There are limited data that support effective strategies to address post-discharge management of patients hospitalized with sepsis.

Methods: The Improving Morbidity during Post-Acute Care Transitions for Sepsis (IMPACTS) study is a pragmatic, randomized controlled trial at three hospitals within a single healthcare delivery system comparing clinical outcomes between sepsis survivors who receive usual care versus care delivered through the Sepsis Transition and Recovery (STAR) program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3792-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6884908PMC
November 2019

Wandering woodpeckers: foray behavior in a social bird.

Ecology 2020 Feb 12;101(2):e02943. Epub 2020 Jan 12.

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, 23529, USA.

In many cooperatively breeding taxa, nonbreeding subordinates, or helpers, use extra-territorial forays to discover dispersal opportunities. Such forays are considered energetically costly and foraying birds face aggression from conspecific members of the territories they visit. In contrast, breeders in cooperatively breeding taxa are expected to foray seldomly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2943DOI Listing
February 2020

NICE guideline review: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis and management (NG87).

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2019 Nov 27. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Acorn Community Child Health Centre, Vale of Leven District General Hospital, Alexandria, West Dunbartonshire, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-316928DOI Listing
November 2019

Personalised, patient-inclusive clinical medication reviews can reduce drug-related problems in older patients.

Authors:
Michelle Acorn

Evid Based Nurs 2019 Nov 21. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

NP/Nursing, University of Toronto Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ebnurs-2019-103162DOI Listing
November 2019

Destabilization of NOXA mRNA as a common resistance mechanism to targeted therapies.

Nat Commun 2019 11 14;10(1):5157. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, 450 Brookline Ave, Boston, 02115, MA, USA.

Most targeted cancer therapies fail to achieve complete tumor regressions or attain durable remissions. To understand why these treatments fail to induce robust cytotoxic responses despite appropriately targeting oncogenic drivers, here we systematically interrogated the dependence of cancer cells on the BCL-2 family of apoptotic proteins after drug treatment. We observe that multiple targeted therapies, including BRAF or EGFR inhibitors, rapidly deplete the pro-apoptotic factor NOXA, thus creating a dependence on the anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12477-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6856172PMC
November 2019

Young carers: unknown and underserved.

Br J Gen Pract 2019 11 31;69(688):532-533. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Ninth Floor Borough Wing, Guy's Hospital, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3399/bjgp19X706121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6808560PMC
November 2019

Period-3 dominant phase synchronisation of Zelkova serrata: border-collision bifurcation observed in a plant population.

Sci Rep 2019 10 30;9(1):15568. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Environment Conservation, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, 183-8509, Japan.

The population synchrony of tree seed production has attracted widespread attention in agriculture, forestry and ecosystem management. Oaks usually show synchronisation of irregular or intermittent sequences of acorn production, which is termed 'masting'. Tree crops such as citrus and pistachio show a clear two-year cycle (period-2) termed 'alternate bearing'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-50815-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6821922PMC
October 2019

Remarkable insensitivity of acorn ant morphology to temperature decouples the evolution of physiological tolerance from body size under urban heat islands.

J Therm Biol 2019 Oct 3;85:102426. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Environmental temperature can alter body size and thermal tolerance, yet the effects of temperature rise on the size-tolerance relationship remain unclear. Terrestrial ectotherms with larger body sizes typically exhibit greater tolerance of high (and low) temperatures. However, while warming tends to increase tolerance of high temperatures through phenotypic plasticity and evolutionary change, warming tends to decrease body size through these mechanisms and thus might indirectly contribute to worse tolerance of high temperatures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2019.102426DOI Listing
October 2019

Whole-genome resequencing of morphotypes to discover genomic variants associated with morphology and horticulturally valuable traits.

Hortic Res 2019 11;6:94. Epub 2019 Aug 11.

Institute of Plant Breeding and Genetic Resources, Hellenic Agricultural Organization DEMETER (ex NAGREF), Thermi, Macedonia 57001 Greece.

contains two cultivated subspecies, each of which encompasses four fruit-shape morphotypes (cultivar groups). The Pumpkin, Vegetable Marrow, Cocozelle, and Zucchini Groups are of subsp. and the Acorn, Crookneck, Scallop, and Straightneck Groups are of subsp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41438-019-0176-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6804688PMC
August 2019
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Testing adaptive hypotheses on the evolution of larval life history in acorn and stalked barnacles.

Ecol Evol 2019 Oct 18;9(19):11434-11447. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Odum School of Ecology University of Georgia Athens GA USA.

Despite strong selective pressure to optimize larval life history in marine environments, there is a wide diversity with regard to developmental mode, size, and time larvae spend in the plankton. In the present study, we assessed if adaptive hypotheses explain the distribution of the larval life history of thoracican barnacles within a strict phylogenetic framework. We collected environmental and larval trait data for 170 species from the literature, and utilized a complete thoracican synthesis tree to account for phylogenetic nonindependence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6802071PMC
October 2019

Cold temperature improves tannin tolerance in a granivorous rodent.

J Anim Ecol 2020 Feb 18;89(2):471-481. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Wildlife Ecology Laboratory, Department of Wildlife Biology, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan.

The foraging ecology of mammalian herbivores is regulated in part by their ability to detoxify plant secondary metabolites (PSM). Ambient temperature has been shown to alter liver function in rodents and the toxicity of some PSMs, but little is known about the physiological and nutritional consequences of consuming PSMs at different ambient temperatures. Furthermore, the effect of ambient temperature on the response of mammals to the most ubiquitous class of PSM, tannins, is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13119DOI Listing
February 2020
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Chemical Composition and Bioaccessibility of Antioxidant Phytochemicals from Selected Edible Nuts.

Nutrients 2019 Sep 27;11(10). Epub 2019 Sep 27.

Coordinación de Nutrición, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, 83304 A.C. Hermosillo, Mexico.

The ultimate health benefits of peanuts and tree nuts partially depend on the effective gastrointestinal delivery of their phytochemicals. The chemical composition and in vitro bioaccessibility of tocopherols, tocotrienols and phenolic compounds from peanuts and seven tree nuts were evaluated by analytical and chemometric methods. Total fat and dietary fiber (g 100 g) ranged from 34. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11102303DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6836022PMC
September 2019

Comparison of seven methods for DNA extraction from prosomata of the acorn barnacle, Amphibalanus amphitrite.

Anal Biochem 2019 12 17;586:113441. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, 20375, USA. Electronic address:

Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies can provide an understanding of the molecular processes involved in marine fouling by Amphibalanus spp. barnacles. Here, seven methods for extracting DNA from A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ab.2019.113441DOI Listing
December 2019
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Adhesion of acorn barnacles on surface-active borate glasses.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2019 10 9;374(1784):20190203. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Chemistry Division, US Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375, USA.

Concerns about the bioaccumulation of toxic antifouling compounds have necessitated the search for alternative strategies to combat marine biofouling. Because many biologically essential minerals have deleterious effects on organisms at high concentration, one approach to preventing the settlement of marine foulers is increasing the local concentration of ions that are naturally present in seawater. Here, we used surface-active borate glasses as a platform to directly deliver ions (Na, Mg and BO) to the adhesive interface under acorn barnacles (Amphibalanus (=Balanus) amphitrite). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6745471PMC
October 2019

Evolution, not transgenerational plasticity, explains the adaptive divergence of acorn ant thermal tolerance across an urban-rural temperature cline.

Evol Appl 2019 Sep 18;12(8):1678-1687. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Department of Biology Case Western Reserve University Cleveland Ohio.

Although studies increasingly disentangle phenotypic plasticity from evolutionary responses to environmental change, few test for transgenerational plasticity in this context. Here, we evaluate whether phenotypic divergence of acorn ants in response to urbanization is driven by transgenerational plasticity rather than evolution. F2 generation worker ants (offspring of laboratory-born queens) exhibited similar divergence among urban and rural populations as field-born worker ants, suggesting that evolutionary divergence rather than transgenerational plasticity was primarily responsible for shifts toward higher heat tolerance and diminished cold tolerance in urban acorn ants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12826DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6708418PMC
September 2019
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Avoidance of Catastrophic Structural Failure as an Evolutionary Constraint: Biomechanics of the Acorn Weevil Rostrum.

Adv Mater 2019 Oct 28;31(41):e1903526. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, 85287, USA.

The acorn weevil (Curculio Linnaeus, 1758) rostrum (snout) exhibits remarkable flexibility and toughness derived from the microarchitecture of its exoskeleton. Modifications to the composite profile of the rostral cuticle that simultaneously enhance the flexibility and toughness of the distal portion of the snout are characterized. Using classical laminate plate theory, the effect of these modifications on the elastic behavior of the exoskeleton is estimated. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201903526DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

Effect of acorn flour on the physico-chemical and sensory properties of biscuits.

Heliyon 2019 Aug 7;5(8):e02242. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, Food Science and Technology Unit, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Amendola, 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy.

The aim of the work was to explore the feasibility of using acorn flour as a novel and healthy ingredient in biscuits. The physico-chemical characteristics of acorn flour obtained from three different species were compared. Acorns of L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6700410PMC