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Incidence of postoperative hypothermia and its risk factors in adults undergoing orthopedic surgery under brachial plexus block: A retrospective cohort study.

Int J Med Sci 2021 21;18(10):2197-2203. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain medicine, Konyang University Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Postoperative hypothermia increases patient mortality and morbidity. However, the incidence of, and risk factors for, postoperative hypothermia in patients undergoing surgery under brachial plexus block (BPB) as the primary method of anesthesia remain unclear. This study aimed to determine the incidence of, and risk factors for, postoperative hypothermia in patients undergoing surgery under BPB. Read More

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Differential survival throughout the full annual cycle of a migratory bird presents a life-history trade-off.

J Anim Ecol 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Biology and McCourt School of Public Policy, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.

Long-distance migrations are among the most physically demanding feats animals perform. Understanding the potential costs and benefits of such behaviour is a fundamental question in ecology and evolution. A hypothetical cost of migration should be outweighed by higher productivity and/or higher annual survival, but few studies on migratory species have been able to directly quantify patterns of survival throughout the full annual cycle and across the majority of a species' range. Read More

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Monitoring adolescent idiopathic scoliosis by measuring ribs prominence using surface topography device.

Spine Deform 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Hopital Des Enfants, 330 avenue de grande Bretagne, TSA 70034, 31059, Toulouse Cedex 9, France.

Due to the danger of repeated exposure to X-rays for patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS), reducing the number of radiographs is necessary. By using Surface Topography (ST), trunk asymmetry evaluation could be used. The number of radiographs required can be reduced by 30% when the radio is used only for patients with worsening ST. Read More

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Preparation and Characterization of Electrospun Fluoro-Containing Poly(imide-benzoxazole) Nano-Fibrous Membranes with Low Dielectric Constants and High Thermal Stability.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Feb 19;11(2). Epub 2021 Feb 19.

School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China.

The rapid development of advanced high-frequency mobile communication techniques has advanced urgent requirements for polymer materials with high-temperature resistance and good dielectric properties, including low dielectric constants (low-) and low dielectric dissipation factors (low-). The relatively poor dielectric properties of common polymer candidates, such as standard polyimides (PIs) greatly limited their application in high-frequency areas. In the current work, benzoxazole units were successfully incorporated into the molecular structures of the fluoro-containing PIs to afford the poly(imide-benzoxazole) (PIBO) nano-fibrous membranes (NFMs) via electrospinning fabrication. Read More

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February 2021

Temporal Dynamics of Public Emotions During the COVID-19 Pandemic at the Epicenter of the Outbreak: Sentiment Analysis of Weibo Posts From Wuhan.

J Med Internet Res 2021 03 18;23(3):e27078. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Public Administration, School of Political Science and Public Administration, Shandong University, Qingdao, China.

Background: The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase in anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and psychological stress experienced by the general public in various degrees worldwide. However, effective, tailored mental health services and interventions cannot be achieved until we understand the patterns of mental health issues emerging after a public health crisis, especially in the context of the rapid transmission of COVID-19. Understanding the public's emotions and needs and their distribution attributes are therefore critical for creating appropriate public policies and eventually responding to the health crisis effectively, efficiently, and equitably. Read More

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Best versus worst surgical outcomes after single-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2021 Jan-Apr;29(1):2309499020983038

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Hallym University, 37993Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Previous studies have shown conflicting results regarding the factors affecting the clinical outcome after fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, no study has compared the best and worst clinical outcome groups using patient-reported outcome measures. We aimed to compare the characteristics of patients with best and worst outcomes following single-level lumbar fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis. Read More

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February 2021

Can a simple iPad app improve C-arm based component position in anterior THA?

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Feb 13. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, USA.

Introduction: Correct acetabular component positioning improves hip biomechanics, impingement free range of motion and may lead to a reduced risk of postoperative dislocation. The C-arm is a simple and cost-effective tool for THA in a supine position, however, evaluation of the images can be challenging due to parallax. The current study aimed to investigate whether a software app-based measurement technique can control acetabular component position and leg length in anterior THA. Read More

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February 2021

Hyponatraemia following antipsychotic treatment: In-silico pharmacodynamics analysis of spontaneous reports from the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System Database and an Updated Systematic Review.

Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2021 Feb 12. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences L. Sacco, "Luigi Sacco" University Hospital, Università di Milano, Milan.

Background: Hyponatraemia associated with antipsychotic drugs is a rare but potentially life-threatening adverse drug reaction (ADR); the underlying pharmacological mechanism has not been explained yet.

Methods: We investigated the relationship between pharmacological targets of antipsychotic drugs and the occurrence of hyponatraemia by conducting a nested case-control study using the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the associations between antipsychotics receptor occupancy and hyponatraemia. Read More

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February 2021

Oxidation Behaviors of Aluminum Nanopowders with Different Particle Sizes: A Real-Time Synchrotron X-ray Scattering Study.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2021 Mar;21(3):1784-1788

Department of Nano Materials Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Sangju, 37224, Korea.

We have studied the oxidation behaviors of aluminum (Al) nanopowders with different particle sizes using a real-time synchrotron X-ray scattering during annealing in air. The Al nanopowders with small particle size of 78 nm at room temperature (RT) were a single crystal. The surface of the nanopowders was first oxidized to amorphous Al oxide near 450 °C, and then crystallized to γ-Al₂O₃ phase at 550 °C. Read More

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Paracoccus lichenicola sp. nov., Isolated from Lichen.

Curr Microbiol 2021 Feb 3;78(2):816-821. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Yunnan Institute of Microbiology, Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resource, School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming, People's Republic of China.

Strain YIM 132242, isolated from lichen collected from Pu'er, Yunnan Province, China, was short-rod-shaped, Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive. Growth of the strain was occurred at 10-39 °C (optimum, 28-35 °C), at pH 4.0-10. Read More

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February 2021

Biomechanical analysis of the pitching characteristics of adult amateur baseball pitchers throwing standard and lightweight balls.

J Phys Ther Sci 2020 Dec 11;32(12):816-822. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Gunma University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Japan.

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between pitching weight and pitching mechanics, including ball reaction force (BRF) and temporal parameters, for the prevention of throwing injury in adult amateur pitchers. [Participants and Methods] Twenty adult male amateur pitchers (mean age, height, and body mass: 26 ± 3.4 years, 1. Read More

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December 2020

Crystal Growth Mechanism of Highly -Axis-Oriented Apatite-Type Lanthanum Borosilicate Using BO Vapor.

ACS Omega 2020 Dec 1;5(49):31936-31942. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan.

Apatite-type lanthanum silicate (LSO) exhibits high oxide-ion conductivity and has recently garnered attention as a potential solid electrolyte for high-temperature solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen sensors that operate in the low- and intermediate-temperature ranges (300-500 °C). LSO exhibits anisotropic oxide-ion conduction along with high -axis-oriented oxide-ion conductivity. To obtain solid electrolytes with high oxide-ion conductivity, a technique for growing crystals oriented along the -axis is required. Read More

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December 2020

Deep Learning Automates Measurement of Spinopelvic Parameters on Lateral Lumbar Radiographs.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2020 Dec 1. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, 10029.

Study Design: Cross-sectional database study.

Objective: The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for the automated measurement of spinopelvic parameters on lateral lumbar radiographs with comparable accuracy to surgeons.

Summary Of Background Data: Sagittal alignment measurements are important for the evaluation of spinal disorders. Read More

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December 2020

Effect of hydrothermal treatment on physicochemical properties of amorphous granular potato starch (AGPS).

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Jan 24;168:816-822. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Institute of Life Science and Resources, Kyung Hee University, Seochun 1, Yongin 446-701, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Using restructuring technology, A- or B-type crystalline granular potato starch was produced from amorphous granular potato starch (AGPS). AGPS was prepared using ethanol-heat processing, and hydrothermal treatments were performed with different moisture contents (18, 29, 200% d.b. Read More

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January 2021

Deep Delignification of Woody Biomass by Repeated Mild Alkaline Treatments with Pressurized O.

ACS Omega 2020 Nov 6;5(45):29168-29176. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan.

Delignification is essential in effective utilization of carbohydrates of lignocellulosic biomass. Characteristics of the delignification are important for the yield and property of the resulting carbohydrates. Oxidation with O of biomass in alkaline water can potentially produce high-purity cellulose at high yield. Read More

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November 2020

A Sensor-Based Comprehensive Objective Assessment of Motor Symptoms in Cerebellar Ataxia.

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2020 07;2020:816-819

Human observer-based assessments of Cerebellar Ataxia (CA) are subjective and are often inadequate to track mild motor symptoms. This study examines the potential use of a comprehensive sensor-based approach for objective evaluation of CA in five domains (speech, upper limb, lower limb, gait and balance) through the instrumented versions of nine bedside neurological tests. A total of twenty-three participants diagnosed with CA to varying degrees and eleven healthy controls were recruited. Read More

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A deep learning nomogram kit for predicting metastatic lymph nodes in rectal cancer.

Cancer Med 2020 Dec 30;9(23):8809-8820. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Shandong Key Laboratory of Digital Medicine and Computer Assisted Surgery, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.

Background: Preoperative diagnoses of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) by the most advanced deep learning technology of Faster Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (Faster R-CNN) have not yet been reported.

Materials And Methods: In total, 545 patients with pathologically confirmed rectal cancer between January 2016 and March 2019 were included and were randomly allocated with a split ratio of 2:1 to the training and validation sets, respectively. The MRI images for metastatic LNs were evaluated by Faster R-CNN. Read More

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December 2020

Double-Step Modulation of the Pulse-Driven Mode for a High-Performance SnO Micro Gas Sensor: Designing the Particle Surface via a Rapid Preheating Process.

ACS Sens 2020 11 2;5(11):3449-3456. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan.

To improve the sensing properties toward volatile organic compound gases, a preheating process was introduced in a miniature pulse-driven semiconductor gas sensor, using SnO nanoparticles. The miniature sensor went through a short preheating span at a high temperature before being cooled and then experienced a measurement span under heating; this is the double-pulse-driven mode. This operating profile resulted in the modification of the surface conditions of naked SnO nanoparticles to facilitate the adsorption of O and ethanol-based adsorbates. Read More

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November 2020

[Effect of ginger-separated moxibustion on fatigue, sleep quality and depression in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: a randomized controlled trial].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2020 Aug;40(8):816-20

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of ginger-separated moxibustion on fatigue, sleep quality and depression in the patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.

Methods: A total of 62 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome were randomized into an observation group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, the patients had normal diet and proper physical exercise. Read More

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Phosphonic Acid Modified ZnO Nanowire Sensors: Directing Reaction Pathway of Volatile Carbonyl Compounds.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2020 Sep 15;12(39):44265-44272. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-Koen, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan.

Surface molecular transformations on nanoscale metal oxides are inherently complex, and directing those reaction pathways is still challenging but important for designing their various applications, including molecular sensing, catalysts, and others. Here, a rational strategy to direct a reaction pathway of volatile carbonyl compounds (nonanal: biomarker) on single-crystalline ZnO nanowire surfaces via molecular modification is demonstrated. The introduction of a methylphosphonic acid modification on the ZnO nanowire surface significantly alters the surface reaction pathway of nonanal via suppressing the detrimental aldol condensation reaction. Read More

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September 2020

Do hydrothermal aging and microwave sterilization affect the trueness of milled, additive manufactured and injection molded denture bases?

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2020 11 23;111:103975. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Prosthodontics, Geriatric Dentistry and Craniomandibular Disorders, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Assmanshauser Str. 4-6, 14197, Berlin, Germany.

Concepts for digital denture manufacturing are market-available but studies comparing the trueness of such dentures, either milled (MIL) or additive manufactured, compared to injection molded (IM) ones are still limited. Regarding the impact of artificial aging and microwave sterilization on this parameter, no data are available. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to assess the trueness of IM, MIL, and stereolithography (SLA) printed denture bases after manufacturing, hydrothermal cycling, and microwave sterilization. Read More

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November 2020

Distribution of Pediatric Vital Signs in the Emergency Department: A Nationwide Study.

Children (Basel) 2020 Aug 5;7(8). Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 03080, Korea.

To effectively use vital signs as indicators in children, the magnitude of deviation from expected vital sign distribution should be determined. The purpose of this study is to derive age-specific centile charts for the heart rate and respiratory rate of the children who visited the emergency department. This study used the Korea's National Emergency Department Information System dataset. Read More

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Muscarinic cholinergic receptors in minor salivary gland tissues of patients with oral lichen planus: A case-control study.

J Oral Pathol Med 2020 Sep 20;49(8):816-821. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Dental Sciences Research Center, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common, chronic immunological and inflammatory condition. Many of the OLP patients complain of xerostomia. The M3 muscarinic cholinergic receptors (MR3) are the main receptors in the salivary glands responsible for water secretion into the saliva. Read More

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September 2020

Biomechanical comparison of single-bundle versus double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a meta-analysis.

Knee Surg Relat Res 2020 Mar 12;32(1):14. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Gyeongsang National University Hospital, 15, Jinju-daero 816 beon-gil, Jinju-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, Republic of Korea, 660-751.

Background: Of the many issues regarding surgical techniques related to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), single-bundle (SB) or double-bundle (DB) ACLR is one of the most debated topics. However, it is unclear which of the techniques yields better outcomes after ACLR for ACL injury. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the benefits of SB versus DB ACLR in terms of biomechanical outcomes. Read More

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Clinical recurrences of COVID-19 symptoms after recovery: Viral relapse, reinfection or inflammatory rebound?

J Infect 2020 Nov 30;81(5):816-846. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Infectious Diseases Department, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, 42055 cedex 02 Saint-Etienne, GIMAP (EA 3064), France; University of Saint-Etienne, University of Lyon, Faculty of Medicine of Saint-Etienne, 42023 cedex 02 Saint-Etienne, France. Electronic address:

For the first 3 months of COVID-19 pandemic, COVID-19 was expected to be an immunizing non-relapsing disease. We report a national case series of 11 virologically-confirmed COVID-19 patients having experienced a second clinically- and virologically-confirmed acute COVID-19 episode. According to the clinical history, we discuss either re-infection or reactivation hypothesis. Read More

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November 2020

360-degree Delphi: addressing sociotechnical challenges of healthcare IT.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2020 06 5;20(1):101. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Informatics, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: IT systems in the healthcare field can have a marked sociotechnical impact: they modify communication habits, alter clinical processes and may have serious ethical implications. The introduction of such systems involves very different groups of stakeholders because of the inherent multi-professionalism in medicine and the role of patients and their relatives that are often underrepresented. Each group contributes distinct perspectives and particular needs, which create specific requirements for IT systems and may strongly influence their acceptance and success. Read More

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Stress Tolerance of Yeasts Dominating Reverse Osmosis Membranes for Whey Water Treatment.

Front Microbiol 2020 5;11:816. Epub 2020 May 5.

Laboratory of Microbiology and Fermentation, Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Filamentous yeast species belonging to the closely related and were recently found to dominate biofilm communities on the retentate and permeate surface of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membranes used in a whey water treatment system after CIP (Cleaning-In-Place). Microscopy revealed that the two filamentous yeast species can cover extensive areas due to their large cell size and long hyphae formation. Representative strains from these species were here further characterized and displayed similar physiological and biochemical characteristics. Read More

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5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Synthesis from Monosaccharides by a Biphasic Reaction-Extraction System Using a Microreactor and Extractor.

ACS Omega 2020 Apr 15;5(16):9384-9390. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan.

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was synthesized from monosaccharides by a biphasic reaction system using a microreactor. The biphasic reaction system realized an immediate extraction and stabilization of product HMF, which further degrades under the reaction conditions. Segmented flow was utilized for an efficient reaction-extraction tool. Read More

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The effectiveness of virtual reality-based technology on anatomy teaching: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Apr 25;20(1):127. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Department of Pharmacy, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xian, China.

Background: Virtual reality (VR) is an innovation that permits the individual to discover and operate within three-dimensional (3D) environment to gain practical understanding. This research aimed to examine the general efficiency of VR for teaching medical anatomy.

Methods: We executed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies of the performance of VR anatomy education. Read More

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Impact of CBCT image quality on the confidence of furcation measurements.

J Clin Periodontol 2020 07 1;47(7):816-824. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Periodontology, Endodontology and Cariology, University Centre for Dental Medicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: To investigate the impact of scanning parameter in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images on accuracy and confidence with measurements of furcation involvement (FI) in maxillary molars.

Material And Methods: Six half cadaver heads with present maxillary molars (n = 10) were available. CBCT scans with the fixed-parameter field of view (4 × 4 cm, 12 × 17 cm) amperage and voltage (4 mA, 90 kV) and with varying scan modes (SM), that is images/scan (IS), voxel sizes (VZ) and rotation (R), were performed using one CBCT apparatus. Read More

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