9,804 results match your criteria 8-12 group

Suprascapular nerve block is a clinically attractive alternative to interscalene nerve block during arthroscopic shoulder surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jun 11;16(1):376. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopedic, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, No. 168 Litang Road, Dongxiaokou Town, Changping District, Beijing, 102218, China.

Background: The interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) is a commonly used nerve block technique for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy surgery; however, it is associated with potentially serious complications. The use of suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) has been described as an alternative strategy with fewer reported side effects for shoulder arthroscopy. This review aimed to compare the impact of SSNB and ISB during shoulder arthroscopy surgery. Read More

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Umbilical cord blood hematological parameters reference interval for newborns from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Jun 11;21(1):275. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Several factors like altitude, age, sex, pregnancy, socioeconomic status, life style and race influence hematological reference interval (RIs), which are critical to support clinical decisions and to interpret laboratory data in research. Currently there are no well-established RIs for cord blood hematological parameters of newborns in Ethiopia. This study aims to generate RIs for umbilical cord blood hematological parameters of newborns from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Read More

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Localized probiotic-guided pocket recolonization in the treatment of chronic periodontitis: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

J Periodontal Implant Sci 2021 Jun;51(3):199-212

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India.

Purpose: This randomized clinical placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of as a probiotic in guided pocket recolonization (GPR) for the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP) adjunctive to scaling and root planing (SRP).

Methods: Forty-eight CP patients were randomly assigned to 3 treatment groups: group 1 (SRP+placebo), group 2 (SRP+single application of probiotic), and group 3 (SRP+incremental application of probiotic). Clinical parameters were evaluated at baseline and at 8, 12, and 24 weeks, whereas biochemical parameters were measured at baseline and 12 weeks. Read More

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Relationship Between Vitamin D Status and the Relevant Parameters of Glucose in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 3;14:2489-2494. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue City, Vietnam.

Introduction: Clarifying the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in diabetic patients, and the relationship between vitamin D concentration and insulin resistance, fasting plasma glucose, and HbA1C in patients in Hue City, Vietnam.

Methods: A cross-sectional study on 110 diabetic patients examined at Hue Central Hospital and Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital. These patients were collected venous blood sampling, and the 25(OH)D test, fasting plasma glucose test, fasting insulin test, HOMA-IR and QUICKI calculation. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in students and teachers: a longitudinal study from May to October 2020 in German secondary schools.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 10;11(6):e049876. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

Objective: To quantify the number of SARS-CoV-2 infections in secondary schools after their reopening in May 2020.

Design: Repeated SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence study after the reopening of schools and 4 months later.

Setting: Secondary school in Dresden, Germany. Read More

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Disagreement between PCR and serological diagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in blood donors from a Colombian endemic region.

Biomedica 2021 05 31;41(Supl. 1):47-59. Epub 2021 May 31.

Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Introduction: Chagas' disease is the leading cause of infectious myocarditis worldwide. This infection caused by Trypanosoma cruzi is usually life-long and asymptomatic; however, the third part of infected people can develop severe or even fatal cardiomyopathy. As the parasitemia in the chronic phase is both low-grade and intermittent, T. Read More

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Silicon, an important exposure marker in vivo in silicosis research.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, 063210, China.

Purpose: The degree of silicosis exposure is closely related to the progress of silicosis. At present, we use animal and human studies to explore whether silicon can be an important exposure marker in the development of silicosis.

Methods: Rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: (1) controls; and (2) silicosis. Read More

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The Optimising Cardiac Surgery ouTcOmes in People with diabeteS (OCTOPuS) randomised controlled trial to evaluate an outpatient pre-cardiac surgery diabetes management intervention: a study protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 9;11(6):e050919. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Wessex Institute, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire, UK.

Introduction: Cardiothoracic surgical outcomes are poorer in people with diabetes compared with those without diabetes. There are two important uncertainties in the management of people with diabetes undergoing major surgery: (1) how to improve diabetes management in the weeks leading up to an elective procedure and (2) whether that improved management leads to better postoperative outcomes. We previously demonstrated the feasibility of delivering the Optimising Cardiac Surgery ouTcOmes in People with diabeteS (OCTOPuS) intervention, an outpatient intervention delivered by diabetes healthcare professionals for people with suboptimally managed diabetes over 8-12 weeks before elective cardiac surgery. Read More

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Influence of thromboembolic events in the prognosis of COVID-19 hospitalized patients. Results from a cross sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(6):e0252351. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Clinical Neurosciences Group, Institut de Recerca Biomèdica de Lleida (IRBLleida), Lleida, Spain.

Background: COVID-19 may predispose to both venous and arterial thromboembolism event (TEE). Reports on the prevalence and prognosis of thrombotic complications are still emerging.

Objective: To describe the rate of TEE complications and its influence in the prognosis of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 after a cross-sectional study. Read More

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Prevalence of drug-drug interactions with pangenotypic direct-acting antivirals for hepatitis C and real-world care management in the United States: a retrospective observational study.

J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2021 Jun 9:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA.

: Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens for hepatitis C virus (HCV) have varying potentials for drug-drug interactions (DDIs). To (1) identify prevalence of potential DDI with glecaprevir-pibrentasvir (GLE-PIB) and sofosbuvir-velpatasvir (SOF-VEL) and (2) describe health care provider actions in response to pharmacist recommendations based on potential interactions with GLE-PIB or SOF-VEL, using 2 complementary data sources. Possible interacting drugs were identified among adult patients in a United States electronic medical record database covering 21 health care organizations and 26 million patients in 2018. Read More

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Lifestyle Habits and Wellbeing Among Physicians in Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Cureus 2021 May 6;13(5):e14875. Epub 2021 May 6.

Surgery, Darul Sehat Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Introduction Physicians' attitude towards a healthy lifestyle is important as it determines their extent of acceptance of these habits leading to overall well-being. Physicians with healthy lifestyle habits are more confident in advocating the same to their patients and their patients are keener in adopting lifestyle modifications. This study aimed to evaluate the lifestyle habits, wellbeing, and mental health of physicians in Pakistan. Read More

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Extent of Lymph Node Dissection for Accurate Staging in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma.

J Gastrointest Surg 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Korea.

Background: Although lymph node metastasis is a known factor predictive of a poor prognosis after radical surgery for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), few studies have investigated lymph node dissection (LND) areas for accurate staging. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal LND level for ICC considering lymphatic flow.

Methods: Clinical characteristics and pathologic nodal status (presence of metastasis) for 163 patients were reviewed according to tumor location. Read More

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Fracture heat map of the facial skull demonstrates a danger zone of concomitant cervical spine injuries.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 7;11(1):11989. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Oral- and Maxillofacial Surgery, Facial Plastic Surgery, Dortmund General Hospital, Muensterstrasse 240, 44145, Dortmund, Germany.

Concomitant maxillofacial and cervical spine injuries occur in 0.8-12% of the cases. We examined the relation of injury localization and the probability of cervical spine fracture. Read More

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Who benefits most from an evidence-based program to reduce anxiety and depression in children? A latent profile analysis.

Dev Psychopathol 2021 Jun 8:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University, Elche, Spain.

Comorbidity between anxiety and depression symptoms is often high in children. Person-oriented statistical approaches are useful to detect heterogeneity of individuals and diverse patterns of response to treatment. This study aimed to explore the different profiles in a sample of Spanish children who received the Super Skills for Life (SSL) transdiagnostic program, to identify which profile of individuals benefited most from the intervention and the likelihood of transition of symptom patterns over time. Read More

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[The effect of visualized saphenous nerve block through minimally invasive far medial-subvastus approach on the analgesia after total knee arthroplasty].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;101(21):1592-1597

Second Department of Orthopedics, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350001, China.

To report a method of visualized saphenous nerve block (VSNB) through minimally invasive far medial-subvastus approach distal to the adductor canal in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and investigate the effect of VSNB in this way on postoperative pain relief. A total of 100 patients with knee osteoarthritis were prospectively included from June 2018 to October 2019, 29 males and 71 females, aged 50-87(70±8) years. All patients undergoing TKA through minimally invasive far medial-subvastus approach were randomized to visualized saphenous nerve block combined with periarticular infiltration analgesia group (Group VSNB+PIA) or only periarticular infiltration analgesia group (Group PIA),50 cases in each group. Read More

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Comparative Evaluation of Efficacy of Preventive Analgesia with Diclofenac and Buprenorphine Patch versus Single Diclofenac Patch for Postoperative Pain following General Anesthesia for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Anesth Essays Res 2020 Jul-Sep;14(3):428-433. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Anaesthesia, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Acute postoperative pain is managed with parenteral and oral medications requiring skilled personnel for administration and vigilance. Previous studies have been done either with transdermal buprenorphine or diclofenac patch separately in mitigating postoperative pain.

Aims: The primary aim was to compare pain scores and rescue analgesia requirement. Read More

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Hyperprolactinemia, Clinical Considerations, and Infertility in Women on Antipsychotic Medications.

Psychopharmacol Bull 2021 Mar;51(2):131-148

Amber N. Edinoff, Nancy S. Silverblatt, Eden Girma, Louisiana State University Health Science Center Shreveport, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine. Hayley E. Vervaeke, Cassidy C, Horton, Louisiana State University Shreveport School of Medicine. Alan D. Kaye, Treniece N. Eubanks, Louisiana State University Shreveport, Department of Anesthesiology, Shreveport, LA. Adam Kaye, Jessica S. Kaye, Andrew J. Garcia, Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of the Pacific, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Stockton, CA. Elisa E. Neuchat, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL. Giustino Varrassi, Paolo Procacci Foundation, Via Tacito 7, Roma, Italy. Omar Viswanath, Louisiana State University Shreveport, Department of Anesthesiology, Shreveport, LA; University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ; Valley Anesthesiology and Pain Consultants - Envision Physician Services, Phoenix, AZ. Ivan Urits, Louisiana State University Shreveport, Department of Anesthesiology, Shreveport, LA; Southcoast Health, Southcoast Physicians Group Pain Medicine, Wareham, MA.

Infertility, the inability to establish a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse, is caused by a wide variety of both male and female factors. Infertility is estimated to affect between 8-12% of couples trying to conceive globally. Female factor infertility can be subdivided into the following broad categories: ovulatory dysfunction, fallopian tubal disease, uterine causes, and oocyte quality. Read More

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Effects of a group mindfulness-based cognitive programme on smartphone addictive symptoms and resilience among adolescents: study protocol of a cluster-randomized controlled trial.

BMC Nurs 2021 Jun 5;20(1):86. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, 2308, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Smartphone addiction in adolescent is a significant global health issue since the last decade. Evidence has shown that the uncontrolled use of smartphone would lead to undesirable impact on their growth and development. However, evidence-based interventions to manage adolescents' smartphone addictive behaviors is lacking. Read More

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The rate of estrogen receptor-conversion associated with tumor progression in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer patients following adjuvant Tamoxifen administration.

Cancer Rep (Hoboken) 2021 Jun 4:e1431. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

Background: Hormone Receptor (HR)-discordance between primary breast cancer and metastasis is a known biological phenomenon. Discordance studies usually comprise a heterogeneous group of HR-positive and negative patients and allow for the comparison of changes in HR-status from the primary to the recurrent disease. However, in a clinical setting, the rate of estrogen receptor-conversion following endocrine therapy with agents such as Tamoxifen (TAM) in estrogen receptor-positive cancers is of primary interest as opposed to total receptor discordance. Read More

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[Improvement in dyspepsia related symptoms treated with acupuncture in 278 patients with postprandial distress syndrome: a secondary analysis of a multi-center randomized controlled trial].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2021 Jun;41(6):583-7

International Acupuncture and Moxibustion Innovation Institute, Beijing University of CM, Beijing 100029, China; School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of CM, Beijing 100029.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of acupuncture for the improvements in various dyspeptic symptoms of postprandial distress syndrome.

Methods: The secondary analysis on the data of a multi-center randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. 278 patients with postprandial distress syndrome were randomized into an acupuncture group (138 cases) and a sham-acupuncture group (140 cases). Read More

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Breast cancer screening behavior and its associated factors in female employees in South Khorasan.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 31;10:102. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Background: Breast cancer is a preventable disease, using three secondary preventive methods of mammography, clinical breast examination (CBE), and breast self-examination (BSE) that can lead to early detection of breast cancer. This study was designed to assess breast cancer screening behavior and its associated factors in females employed in South Khorasan.

Materials And Methods: In this analytic-descriptive study, 2256 female personnel of governmental organizations were investigated in Birjand city in 2016-2017. Read More

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[Clinicopathological features of gastric adenocarcinoma with enteroblastic differentiation: a report of twelve cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;50(6):626-631

Provincial Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Department of Pathology, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou 350001, China.

To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma with enteroblastic differentiation (GAED). Twelve cases of GAED diagnosed in Fujian Provincial Hospital from August 2019 to August 2020 were collected. HE staining, immunohistochemistry and HER2 gene amplification were evaluated. Read More

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Interleukin-2 PET imaging in patients with metastatic melanoma before and during immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Immune checkpoint inhibitors can induce a T cell-mediated anti-tumor immune response in patients with melanoma. Visualizing T cell activity using positron emission tomography (PET) might allow early insight into treatment efficacy. Activated tumor-infiltrating T cells express the high-affinity interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R). Read More

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Effects of Dietary Rapeseed Meal on Growth Performance, Carcass Traits, Serum Parameters, and Intestinal Development of Geese.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 21;11(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China.

The use of inexpensive nonconventional feed materials, such as rapeseed meal (RSM), could help alleviate the shortage of feed materials in the poultry industry. This study was to investigate the effects of dietary double-low RSM on growth performance, carcass traits, serum parameters, and intestinal development of geese. A total of 270 healthy 35-day-old male Jiangnan White geese were randomly divided into five treatments, with six replicate pens of nine geese each. Read More

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Highly stable collagen scaffolds crosslinked with an epoxidized natural polysaccharide for wound healing.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 May 29;182:1994-2002. Epub 2021 May 29.

National Engineering Research Center for Clean Technology of Leather Manufacture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China; The Research Center of Biomedicine Engineering of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China.

As a biocompatible and bioactive natural tissue engineering collagen scaffold, porcine acellular dermal matrix (pADM) has limitations for the application in tissue regeneration due to its low strength and rapid biodegradation. Herein, to get a good wound dressing, the epoxy group was added to N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-3-trimethylammonium chitosan chloride (HTCC) to synthesize the epoxidized N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-3-trimethylammonium chitosan chloride (EHTCC), and the porcine acellular dermal matrix was modified with EHTCC at different dosage of 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20%. The properties of the EHTCC-pADM were evaluated. Read More

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Titanium vs ceramic single dental implants in the anterior maxilla: A 12-month randomized clinical trial.

Clin Oral Implants Res 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Periodontology Unit, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Objective: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare ceramic and titanium implants with respect to the esthetic and clinical parameters, and patient reported outcome measures (PROMs).

Material And Methods: Thirty patients received thirty implants (8-12 mm in length, 3.3 mm diameter and a tissue level design) to replace single teeth in the anterior maxilla. Read More

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Clinical factors affecting cerebral oxygenation in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis.

Int J Artif Organs 2021 May 31:3913988211020017. Epub 2021 May 31.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Integrated Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

Background: Although cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO) is significantly lower in hemodialysis (HD) patients than that in healthy controls, investigations on cerebral oxygenation in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are limited. We aimed to confirm the cerebral oxygenation status and identify the factors affecting cerebral rSO in PD patients.

Methods: Thirty-six PD patients (21 men and 15 women; mean age, 62. Read More

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Sex- and age differences in lower urinary tract dysfunction in healthy children.

Acta Paediatr 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Aim: Information about healthy children's urinary tract symptoms is scarce but would be helpful in children with congenital urinary tract conditions. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (LUTD) questionnaire.

Methods: A 15-item questionnaire based on definitions by the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) about urinary tract function, was given to children 4-15 years old with no gastrointestinal or urinary tract conditions. Read More

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Phase-dependent offline enhancement of human motor memory.

Brain Stimul 2021 May 25;14(4):873-883. Epub 2021 May 25.

Human Cortical Physiology and Neurorehabilitation Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Background: Skill learning engages offline activity in the primary motor cortex (M1). Sensorimotor cortical activity oscillates between excitatory trough and inhibitory peak phases of the mu (8-12 Hz) rhythm. We recently showed that these mu phases influence the magnitude and direction of neuroplasticity induction within M1. Read More

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Effect of in ovo injection of serotonin on the behavior and hormone level in laying hens.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2021 May 25:113824. Epub 2021 May 25.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding Hebei 071001, China. Electronic address:

Feather pecking is a typically abnormal behavior that significantly impacts breeding efficiency and animal welfare in the egg production sector. Serotonin (5-HT) is essential for neuronal development and behavioral regulation. This study evaluated the effects of birds' behavioral development (including feather pecking) and changes in serum hormones in chickens followed in ovo injection of 5-HT. Read More

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