486 results match your criteria 482 maternal

Efficacy of continuous glucose monitoring on maternal and neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Diabet Med 2021 Sep 26:e14703. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Aims: This systematic review aims to evaluate the effect of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on maternal and neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: Two authors conducted a systematic search using PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Read More

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September 2021

Paracetamol/acetaminophen (single administration) for perineal pain in the early postpartum period.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Jan 8;1:CD008407. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Perineal pain is a common but poorly studied adverse outcome following childbirth. Pain may result from perineal trauma due to bruising, spontaneous tears, surgical incisions (episiotomies), or in association with operative vaginal births (ventouse or forceps-assisted births). This is an update of a review last published in 2013. Read More

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January 2021

Ignored Papers, Invented Quotations: A History of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.

Michael Obladen

Neonatology 2021 Sep 14:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Given the high rate of alcoholism throughout history, its effects on the fetus may have existed for millennia. But, the claim that Greeks and Romans were aware of fetal alcohol syndrome rests on incorrect citations. From 1725, maternal alcohol consumption was associated with retarded fetal growth and neurological anomalies. Read More

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September 2021

Paternal age over 50 years decreases assisted reproductive technology (ART) success: A single UK center retrospective analysis.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2021 Oct 17;100(10):1858-1867. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Centre for Reproductive and Genetic Health, London, UK.

Introduction: To study whether paternal age exerts an effect, independent of maternal age, on the outcomes of fresh in vitro fertilization/ intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. Semen quality deteriorates with increasing paternal age; however, there is conflicting evidence for any impact paternal age may have on the outcome of IVF/ICSI. Several retrospective and prospective cohort studies have shown that paternal age increases the miscarriage rate and reduces the live birth rate. Read More

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October 2021

Privacy, Early Colostrum, and Gestational Age are Associated with Exclusive Breastfeeding in Preterm and Sick Term Infants.

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2021 Aug 12;225(4):346-352. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Our study was designed to assess the rates of exclusive breastfeeding (defined as direct breastfeeding) and the use of mother's own milk (MOM) in preterm infants and sick term infants at discharge and to identify potential influencing factors such as gestational age, early colostrum, and privacy. The study was conducted at a German level III neonatal department. All preterm and sick term infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, the pediatric intensive care unit, the intermediate care unit, and the low care ward were included in the study. Read More

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Pessary for Management of Cervical Varices Complicating Pregnancy.

Obstet Gynecol 2021 09;138(3):482-486

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Department of Radiology, BC Natal, Barcelona Center for Maternal Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Cervical varices complicating pregnancy are rare but can cause significant maternal and perinatal morbidity. There is limited evidence regarding the optimal management of bleeding caused by cervical varices during pregnancy.

Case: A 38-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital at 16 weeks of gestation due to vaginal hemorrhage in the setting of cervical varices accompanied by placenta previa. Read More

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September 2021

Sex-specific association of exposure to bedroom light at night with general and abdominal adiposity in young adults.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Oct 1;223:112561. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China; Key Laboratory of Population Health Across Life Cycle (Anhui Medical University), Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China; Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health and Aristogenics, Anhui Medical University, No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China. Electronic address:

Experimental animal studies and limited epidemiologic evidence among elder population suggest that exposure to light at night (LAN) may be obesogenic. Nevertheless, little is known about the possible impact of bedroom LAN exposure on subsequent adiposity and the distribution pattern of the accumulated fat, especially in younger population. Here, we estimated longitudinal associations of objectively assessed bedroom LAN exposure with general and abdominal adiposity among young adults. Read More

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October 2021

Gestational age and birth growth parameters as early predictors of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 08 2;45(8):1624-1638. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Gillings School of Global Public Health, Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objective: To investigate gestational age and growth at birth as predictors of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).

Methods: The sample analyzed here comprises 737 randomly selected children who were assessed for growth, dysmorphology, and neurobehavior at 7 years of age. Maternal interviews were conducted to ascertain prenatal alcohol exposure and other maternal risk factors. Read More

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Heritability Estimation and Environmental Risk Assessment for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in a Rural Region in Henan, China: Family-Based and Case-Control Studies.

Front Public Health 2021 8;9:690889. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) varies greatly in different regions and populations. This study aims to assess the heritability and environmental risk factors of T2DM among rural Chinese adults. Thousand five hundred thirty three participants from 499 extended families, which included 24 nuclear families, were recruited in the family-based study to assess the heritable risk of T2DM. Read More

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Evaluation of RET-He values as an early indicator of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women.

Hematol Transfus Cell Ther 2021 Jul 2. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (FacFar UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Introduction: During pregnancy, women are at an increased risk of developing iron-deficiency anemia.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of the reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He) in the early detection of iron-deficiency anemia in a group of pregnant women and to establish a reference range for this parameter in a group of control individuals.

Method: A total of 60 patients and 130 control subjects were included in the study. Read More

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Factors associated with parent views about participation in infant MRI research provide guidance for the design of the Healthy Brain and Child Development (HBCD) study.

Dev Cogn Neurosci 2021 08 3;50:100986. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

The University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry, 1 South Prospect Street, Arnold 6, Burlington, VT 05401, United States; Vermont Center on Behavior and Health, Departments of Psychiatry and Psychological Science, UHC MS #482, 1 South Prospect Street, Burlington, VT 05401, United States. Electronic address:

Purpose: The National Institutes of Health announced the Healthy Brain and Child Development (HBCD) study to further understanding of infant brain development. This study examined perceptions and knowledge about research among the demographic groups to be studied in HBCD.

Method: 1164 participants (n = 548 pregnant people and 616 mothers of infants < 12 months) completed anonymous, on-line surveys. Read More

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Correlates of Children's Nutritional Status in Bangladesh: Does Mothers' Education Matter?

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Jul;30(3):690-696

Dr Mahbub Hossain, Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh; E-mail:

This paper intends to identify the correlates of Bangladeshi children's nutritional status. The primary focus of the paper rests on mothers' education, especially to understand whether different level of mothers' education has varying extent of effect on child nutrition. Data for the empirical analysis of this paper are obtained from a relatively recent national survey: Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2012-13. Read More

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Association between maternity waiting home stay and obstetric outcomes in Yetebon, Ethiopia: a mixed-methods observational cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jul 3;21(1):482. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: A strategy for reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes is the expanded implementation of maternity waiting homes (MWHs). We assessed factors influencing MWH use, as well as the association between MWH stay and obstetric outcomes in a hospital in rural Ethiopia.

Methods: Data from medical records of the Glenn C. Read More

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[Genetic Diagnosis of Thalassemia in Baise, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;29(3):865-868

Genetic Laboratory of Baise Maternal and Child Health Hospital;Baise 533000, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China,E-mail:

Objective: To understand the genotypes and distribution characteristics of thalassemia in Baise, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, to provide references for the prevention and diagnosis of thalassemia in the region and improve the quality of eugenics.

Methods: 3 482 pregnant women and their spouses from January 2019 to August 2019 in Baise Maternal and Child Health Hospital for prenatal genetic diagnosis were selected, α, β- thalassemia genes were detected by Gap-PCR, PCR and DNA reverse dot hybridization, cases carrying thalassemia gene were confirmed and statistical analyzed.

Results: 2 260 samples (64. Read More

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Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Italian pediatric population: a regional seroepidemiological study.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jun 5;47(1):131. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy.

Background: Data on the effective burden of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in pediatric population are very limited, mostly because of the higher rate of asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic cases among children. Updated data on COVID-19 prevalence are needed for their relevance in public health and for infection control policies. In this single-centre cross-sectional study we aimed to assess prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection through IgG antibodies detection in an Italian pediatric cohort. Read More

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Overweight/Obesity and Associated Factors Among Second Cycle Primary School Children in Kirkos Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Glob Adv Health Med 2021 17;10:21649561211017883. Epub 2021 May 17.

School of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia.

Background: Although overweight/obesity is becoming a public health issue in low income countries, there is a paucity of evidence concerning overweight/obesity in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to assess the magnitude of overweight/obesity and associated factors among second cycle primary school children in Kirkos Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Methods: A school based cross-sectional study was conducted among 482 children from May to June, 2019. Read More

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Epigenetic Biomarkers of Prenatal Tobacco Smoke Exposure Are Associated with Gene Deletions in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2021 Aug 21;30(8):1517-1525. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Parental smoking is implicated in the etiology of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common childhood cancer. We recently reported an association between an epigenetic biomarker of early-life tobacco smoke exposure at the gene and increased frequency of somatic gene deletions among ALL cases.

Methods: Here, we further assess this association using two epigenetic biomarkers for maternal smoking during pregnancy-DNA methylation at CpG cg05575921 and a recently established polyepigenetic smoking score-in an expanded set of 482 B-cell ALL (B-ALL) cases in the California Childhood Leukemia Study with available Illumina 450K or MethylationEPIC array data. Read More

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Proportion of anaemia and factors associated with it among the attendees of the antenatal clinic in a teaching institute of northeast India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Jan 30;10(1):283-288. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Department of Community Medicine, Agartala Government Medical College, Agartala, Tripura, India.

Background: Anaemia is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in India. According to National Family Health Survey-4, the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women in Tripura was 54.4%, but the proportion of anaemic women attending antenatal clinics is not known. Read More

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January 2021

Spatial distribution of under immunization among children 12-23 months old in Butajira HDSS, southern Ethiopia.

BMC Pediatr 2021 05 10;21(1):226. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Immunization is essential to prevent between 2 and 3 million deaths globally each year and it is widely accepted that it is one of the most cost-effective health interventions. Despite all its advantages, immunization in Ethiopia is still far from the target set by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals to achieve universal immunization by all countries in 2030. The 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) reported an overall full immunization rate of only 38. Read More

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Neurodevelopment of infant with late fetal growth restriction.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 Aug 5;73(4):482-489. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Neonatology, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy.

Late fetal growth restriction has increasingly gain interest. Differently from early fetal growth restriction, the severity of this condition and the impact on perinatal mortality and morbidity is less severe. Nevertheless, there is some evidence to suggest that fetuses exposed to growth restriction late in pregnancy are at increased risk of neurological dysfunction and behavioral impairment. Read More

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Neonatal and early childhood outcomes following maternal anesthesia for cesarean section: a population-based cohort study.

Reg Anesth Pain Med 2021 06 8;46(6):482-489. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Background: The fetus is vulnerable to maternal drug exposure. We determined associations of exposure to spinal, epidural, or general anesthesia on neonatal and childhood development outcomes during the first 1000 days of life.

Methods: Population-based study of all singleton, cesarean livebirths of 24+0 to 43+6 weeks gestation between January 2007 and December 2016 in Scotland, stratified by urgency with follow-up to age 2 years. Read More

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Passive sensing on mobile devices to improve mental health services with adolescent and young mothers in low-resource settings: the role of families in feasibility and acceptability.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2021 04 7;21(1):117. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.

Background: Passive sensor data from mobile devices can shed light on daily activities, social behavior, and maternal-child interactions to improve maternal and child health services including mental healthcare. We assessed feasibility and acceptability of the Sensing Technologies for Maternal Depression Treatment in Low Resource Settings (StandStrong) platform. The StandStrong passive data collection platform was piloted with adolescent and young mothers, including mothers experiencing postpartum depression, in Nepal. Read More

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Maternal and infant hospitalization costs associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in a California cohort.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Mar 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: The United States has higher health care costs than other developed nations. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are increasingly common, and longer hospital admissions and utilization of additional therapies are costly.

Objective: We sought to estimate maternal and neonatal hospital costs in a large cohort of pregnant women with and without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Read More

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Prenatal ultrasonographic findings and fetal/neonatal outcomes of body stalk anomaly.

Congenit Anom (Kyoto) 2021 Jul 3;61(4):118-126. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.

We studied 27 cases that were post or prenatally diagnosed with body stalk anomaly (BSA) using medical records of prenatal ultrasound findings, pregnancy outcomes, and fetal/neonatal prognosis during 1992 to 2018. Termination of pregnancy was chosen in 15 cases. Of the remaining 12 cases, seven were stillbirths and five were live births. Read More

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Health Outcomes after Pregnancy in Elite Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 08;53(8):1739-1747

Program for Pregnancy and Postpartum Health, Faculty of Kinesiology, Sports and Recreation, Women and Children's Health Research Institute, Alberta Diabetes Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, CANADA.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate postpartum maternal health and training outcomes of females who were competing or training as elite athletes before or during pregnancy.

Methods: Online databases were searched up to August 26, 2020. Studies of any design and language were eligible if they contained information on the relevant population (postpartum athletes [any period after pregnancy]), exposure (engaged in the highest level of sport immediately before or during pregnancy), comparators (sedentary/active controls), and outcomes: maternal (breastfeeding initiation and duration, postpartum weight retention or loss, bone mineral density, low back or pelvic girdle pain, incontinence [prevalence or severity of stress, urge or mixed urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence], injury, anemia, diastasis recti, breast pain, depression, anxiety) and training (<6 wk time to resume activity, training volume or intensity, performance level). Read More

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The Beliefs About Breastfeeding Questionnaire (BAB-Q): A psychometric validation study.

Br J Health Psychol 2021 05 19;26(2):482-504. Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Health Psychology Section, Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Guy's Hospital, King's College London, UK.

Objectives: Questionnaires used to assess women's beliefs as a predictor of breastfeeding behaviour are not theoretically informed or tested for psychometric validity and reliability. This study conducted a psychometric evaluation of the Beliefs About Breastfeeding Questionnaire (BAB-Q).

Design: A two-phase evaluation in an online cross-sectional questionnaire study (N = 278) and cohort study sample (N = 264). Read More

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Admission into intensive care unit in preeclampsia: a four-year population-based study in Reunion Island.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Nov 18:1-6. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sud-Réunion, Saint-Pierre cedex, Réunion Island.

Introduction: Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The objective of our study was to study risk factors and complications associated with severe preeclampsia requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission.

Methods: Retrospective comparative study over a period from 1st of January 2015 to 1st of January 2019 in the University's maternity unit of South Reunion (Indian Ocean). Read More

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November 2020

Use of long-acting reversible contraception among adolescents and young women in Kenya.

PLoS One 2020 10;15(11):e0241506. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

The Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS 2014) revealed changing patterns in the contraceptive use of young women aged 15-24, shifting from injectable methods to implants. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is user friendly, long-term, and more effective than other modern methods. It could be a game-changer in dealing with unintended pregnancies and herald a new chapter in the reproductive health and rights of young women. Read More

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December 2020

Long-Term Metabolic Consequences in Patients with a History of Gestational Diabetes.

Curr Pharm Des 2020 ;26(43):5564-5572

Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imperial College London, St. Mary's Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom.

Gestational diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic complication of pregnancy. Universal guidelines on gestational diabetes have been impeded by the long-term controversies on its definition and screening strategies. The prevalence of gestational diabetes is rising all over the world, is significantly influenced by ethnicity and its rise is mainly attributed to increasing maternal obesity and age. Read More

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Sociodemographic Predictors of Adherence to National Diet and Physical Activity Guidelines at Age 5 Years: The Healthy Start Study.

Am J Health Promot 2021 05 29;35(4):514-524. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Lifecourse Epidemiology of Adiposity and Diabetes (LEAD) Center, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, CO, USA.

Purpose: To assess adherence to the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines, and identify sociodemographic predictors of adherence among children.

Design: Cross sectional.

Setting: Colorado, United States. Read More

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