413 results match your criteria 4-np degradation


Microwave-assisted continuous flow phytosynthesis of silver nanoparticle/reduced graphene oxide composites and related visible light catalytic performance.

J Environ Sci (China) 2022 May 14;115:286-293. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA.

The creation of an environmentally friendly synthesis method for silver nanomaterials (AgNPs) is an urgent concern for sustainable nanotechnology development. In the present study, a novel straightforward and green method for the preparation of silver nanoparticle/reduced graphene oxide (AgNP/rGO) composites was successfully developed through the combination of phytosynthesis, continuous flow synthesis and microwave-assistance. Oriental persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb. Read More

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Inhibitory effect of individual and mixtures of nitrophenols on anaerobic toxicity assay of anaerobic systems: Metabolism and evaluation modeling.

J Environ Manage 2022 Feb 9;304:114237. Epub 2021 Dec 9.

College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environment Sciences, Beijing, 100012, PR China. Electronic address:

The single and combined inhibitory effects of different nitrophenols on the anaerobic toxicity assay (ATA) of anaerobic sludge and the variations in the content of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were investigated. The results indicated that 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) demonstrated the highest inhibitory effect, followed by 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), and the combined effects of binary and ternary nitrophenols induced additive toxicity. Furthermore, 2,4-DNP, the dominant toxic nitrophenol, at various concentrations and toxicant ratios, was the major contributor to the combined inhibitory effects of the nitrophenol mixtures. Read More

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February 2022

Graphene enhanced detoxification of wastewater rich 4-nitrophenol in multistage anaerobic reactor followed by baffled high-rate algal pond.

J Hazard Mater 2022 02 1;424(Pt A):127395. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Sustainable Development Study Center, Government College University, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.

The presence of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) in the wastewater industry causes toxicity and inhibition of the anaerobic degrading bacteria. The anaerobes in the multistage anaerobic reactor were loaded by 30.0 mg/gVS Graphene nanoparticles (MAR-G) as an electron acceptor to detoxify wastewater industry. Read More

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February 2022

Visible light-assisted degradation of 4-nitrophenol and methylene blue using low energy carbon ion-implanted ZnO nanorod arrays: Effect on mechanistic insights and stability.

Chemosphere 2022 Jan 18;287(Pt 3):132283. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Advanced Materials and Devices Laboratory (AMDL), Department of Nanoscience and Technology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India. Electronic address:

The present investigation demonstrates an enhancement of the visible photocatalytic activities by C ion implantation in ZnO nanorod arrays (NRAs). Vertically aligned ZnO NRAs were prepared by seed layer assisted solution-phase growth and implanted with 70 keV carbon ions at various fluencies: 1E15, 5E15, 1E16, and 3E16 ions/cm. X-ray diffraction and FESEM results revealed the crystalline 1D ZnO NRAs having a length of ∼3 μm with a diameter in the range of 150-200 nm. Read More

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January 2022

Estrogenic mixtures induce alterations in lipidomic profiles in the gonads of female oysters.

Chemosphere 2021 Nov 22:132997. Epub 2021 Nov 22.

School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia. Electronic address:

This study aimed to reveal possible alterations to lipidomic profiles in Sydney rock oysters, Saccostrea glomerata, exposed to estrogenic mixtures (i.e., estrone, E1; 17β-estradiol, E2; estriol, E3; 17α-ethinylestradiol, EE2; bisphenol A, BPA; 4-t-octylphenol, 4-t-OP; and 4-nonylphenol, 4-NP) at "low" and "high" concentrations, typical of those detected in Australian and global receiving waters. Read More

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November 2021

Bi-functional renewable biopolymer wrapped CNFs/Ag doped spinel cobalt oxide as a sensitive platform for highly toxic nitroaromatic compound detection and degradation.

Chemosphere 2021 Nov 20:132998. Epub 2021 Nov 20.

Department of Machinery Construction, Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technologies and Innovation (CXI), Technical University of Liberec, Studentská 1402/2, 461 17, Liberec 1, Czech Republic.

Nanomolar-level detection of priority toxic pollutant 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) in environment using a novel ternary nanocomposite based electrochemical sensor and its photocatalytic degradation is reported in this paper. A non-toxic and renewable natural biopolymer, chitosan wrapped carbon nanofibers was embedded with Ag doped spinel CoO to prepare the bi-functional ternary nanocomposite. Economical and ecofriendly sonochemical method was employed in preparation of this porous nanocomposite. Read More

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November 2021

Dictating catalytic performance of platinum-iron nanoparticle by regulating its heterogeneous interface and stability.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2022 Feb 18;608(Pt 2):1463-1470. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225002, PR China.

Innovative design of nanocatalyst with high activity remains to be great challenge. Platinum (Pt) nanoparticle has already demonstrated to be excellent candidates in the field of catalysis. However, the scarcity and high price significantly hinder its large-scale production. Read More

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February 2022

Multifunctional and smart ErO-ZnO nanocomposites for electronic ceramic varistors and visible light degradation of wastewater treatment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Oct 28. Epub 2021 Oct 28.

Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

In this proposed study, erbium (Er)-doped ZnO nanocomposites were prepared through the effective, basic, and green combustion method. The significant effects of Er dopants on the structural, morphological features, dielectric, and optical behaviors of the pure ZnO matrix as well as ErO-ZnO nanostructured materials were investigated applying X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transformation infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and UV-Vis spectrophotometer techniques. These results showed that the synthesized ErO-ZnO nanocomposites are well polycrystalline. Read More

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October 2021

Degradation of the endocrine-disrupting 4-nonylphenol by ferrate(VI): biodegradability and toxicity evaluation.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Oct 27. Epub 2021 Oct 27.

Course of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of System Innovation Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Iwate University, Ueda 4-3-5, Morioka, 020-8551, Japan.

4-Nonylphenol (4-NP) is an endocrine-disrupting and persistent chemical and is partially degraded in conventional wastewater treatment processes. Ferrate(VI) can be used as an environment-friendly oxidizing agent to mediate 4-NP degradation. Thus, this paper evaluates the biodegradability of 4-NP and its degradation products after the addition of ferrate(VI). Read More

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October 2021

FeO-urea nanocomposites as a novel nitrogen fertilizer for improving nutrient utilization efficiency and reducing environmental pollution.

Environ Pollut 2022 Jan 6;292(Pt A):118301. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Botany, Calcutta University, 35, Ballygange Circular Road, Kolkata-19, India. Electronic address:

Almost 81% of nitrogen fertilizers are applied in form of urea but most of it is lost due to volatilization and leaching leading to environmental pollution. In this regard, slow-release nano fertilizers can be an effective solution. Here, we have synthesized different FeO-urea nanocomposites with FeO NPs: urea ratio (1:1, 1:2, 1:3) ie. Read More

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January 2022

Recombinant production and characterisation of two chitinases from Rasamsonia emersonii, and assessment of their potential industrial applicability.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Oct 28;105(20):7769-7783. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Chemical Sciences Department, University of Limerick, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland.

Rasamsonia emersonii (previously Talaromyces emersonii) is a thermophilic filamentous fungus displaying optimum growth at 45 °C. It has a history of use in commercial food enzyme production. Its unfractionated chitinolytic secretome was partially characterised in the early 1990s; however, no individual chitinase from this source has been described in literature previously. Read More

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October 2021

Bimetallic nanocomposite (Ag-Au, Ag-Pd, Au-Pd) synthesis using gum kondagogu a natural biopolymer and their catalytic potentials in the degradation of 4-nitrophenol.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Nov 2;190:159-169. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Biochemistry, University College of Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500 007, Telangana, India. Electronic address:

Bimetallic nanoparticles (BNPs) constitute two different metal elements and exhibit relatively superior mechanistic and catalytic efficacies owing to their synergistic functions over monometallic nanoparticles. In the present study various bimetallic Ag-Au, Ag-Pd, Au-Pd nanoparticles were synthesized using a natural biopolymer gum kondagogu (GK) as a reducing and capping agent, by a simple and cost-effective method. The synthesized BNPs when characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy revealed a specific surface plasmon resonance band (SPR) of each nanocomposite. Read More

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November 2021

Efficient and fast degradation of 4-nitrophenol and detection of Fe(III) ions by Poria cocos extract stabilized silver nanoparticles.

Chemosphere 2022 Jan 13;286(Pt 3):131894. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Chemical Engineering, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City, 12 Nguyen Van Bao, Ho Chi Minh, 700000, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

In this study, a simple and environment-friendly method has been successfully applied for the production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Poria cocos extract. The reaction time of 60 min, the temperature of 90 °C, and silver ion concentration of 2.0 mM were identified as the best condition for the PC-AgNPs fabrication. Read More

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January 2022

Preparation of Magnetically Recoverable MPCTP-Ag Composite Nanoparticles and Their Application as High-Performance Catalysts.

Langmuir 2021 Aug 20;37(34):10249-10258. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

College of Biological Science and Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China.

In the present research, magnetically recyclable polyphosphazene (PCTP)/Ag (MPCTP-Ag) nanoparticles are prepared by a green path, in which PCTP was used to modify FeO nanoparticles and provide nucleation sites for the reduction of Ag nanoparticles. The prepared MPCTP-Ag nanoparticles were characterized by TEM, SEM, EDS, BET, XRD, vibrating sample magnometry, XPS, and TGA analysis. The catalytic performances of the MPCTP-Ag nanoparticles for the degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), methylene blue (MB), methyl orange (MO), and their mixtures in the presence of NaBH were studied. Read More

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TiO nanotube arrays sensitized by copper (II) porphyrins with efficient interfacial charge transfer for the photocatalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol.

J Hazard Mater 2022 Jan 10;422:126869. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Fine Chemical Industry Research Institute, School of Chemistry, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, PR China; School of Chemical Engineering, Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology, Maoming 525000, PR China. Electronic address:

In this paper, photocatalysts based on TiO nanotubes (TNTs) and TiO nanotube arrays (TNTAs) sensitized by Cu(II) meso-tetrakis(N-ethylpyridinium-4-yl) porphyrin (CuTEPyP) were synthesized and their structures were characterized by various analytical methods. The photocatalytic activities of both composites were then investigated through degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) in aqueous solutions under visible light irradiation. It was found that CuTEPyP/TNTAs could eliminate 95% 4-NP within 4 h, which was considerably higher than the yield obtained with CuTEPyP/TNTs (56%) under the same conditions. Read More

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January 2022

Efficient removal of organic pollutants by a Co/N/S-doped yolk-shell carbon catalyst via peroxymonosulfate activation.

J Hazard Mater 2022 Jan 23;421:126726. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

School of Environment and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, PR China.

Carbon-based catalysts with heteroatom doping and hollow structures are desired for advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). Herein, dual-shelled Co, N, and S codoped hollow carbon nanocages were developed by wrapping zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67) with trithiocyanuric acid (TCA) and performing subsequent carbonization. The optimal composite catalyst (Co-NC-CoS) exhibited excellent catalytic performance toward different organic pollutants. Read More

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January 2022

MoS nanosheets/silver nanoparticles anchored onto textile fabric as "dip catalyst" for synergistic p-nitrophenol hydrogenation.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Dec 27;28(45):64674-64686. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, 2202, Fes, Morocco.

Attaining a synergistic merge between the performance of homogenous catalysts and the recyclability of heterogeneous catalysts remains until now a concerning issue. The main challenge is to design efficient, low-cost catalyst with outstanding reusability, facile recovery, and ease of retrieval and monitoring between the reuses. Despite the vast efforts in the development of silver nanoparticle-based catalyst for the reaction of hydrogenation of 4-nitrophenol, the aforementioned criteria are infrequently found in a chosen system. Read More

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December 2021

Single and joint inhibitory effect of nitrophenols on activated sludge.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 8;294:112945. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environment Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China; College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China. Electronic address:

In this study, single and joint inhibitory effects of nitrophenols on activated sludge and variations on the content of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were investigated. Results indicate that the nitrophenols adversely affected the organic and NH-N removal of activated sludge and the adverse effect of nitrophenols on autotrophic bacteria was higher than that on heterotrophic bacteria. Further, 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) demonstrated the highest inhibitory effect, followed by 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), and the combined effects of binary and ternary nitrophenols induced additive toxicity. Read More

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September 2021

Bioengineered Extract-Assisted Palladium Nanoparticles for the Congo Red Dye Degradation and Catalytic Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol.

Toxics 2021 May 4;9(5). Epub 2021 May 4.

Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India.

The green chemistry method is the preferred approach for synthesizing metal and metal oxide nanoparticles because of its low toxicity, environmental friendliness, feasibility, and safety to human health compared with other chemical or physical methods. The present work reports the phytogenic synthesis of palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) using an aqueous extract of (Chamomile). The phytochemical-mediated synthesis of PdNPs is an economical and eco-friendly approach without using toxic elements as reducing and capping or stabilizing agents. Read More

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Biogenic Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles on a Green Support as a Reusable Catalyst for the Hydrogenation of Nitroarene and Quinoline.

Chem Asian J 2021 Jul 15;16(14):1956-1966. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Center of Research Excellence in Nanotechnology (CENT), King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia.

Direct attachment of gold nanoparticles to a green support without the use of an external reducing agent and using it for removing toxic pollutants from wastewater, i. e., reduction of nitroarene to amine, are described. Read More

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The mechanism of cytotoxicity of 4-nonylphenol in a human hepatic cell line involves ER-stress, apoptosis, and mitochondrial dysfunction.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 Jul 6;35(7):e22780. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Chemistry and Biology, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy.

4-Nonylphenol (4-NP) is an emerging environmental pollutant widely diffused in waters and sediments. It mainly derives from the degradation of alkyl phenol ethoxylates, compounds commonly employed as industrial surfactants. 4-NP strongly contaminates foods and waters for human use; thus, it displays a wide range of toxic effects not only for aquatic organisms but also for mammals and humans. Read More

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Bioaccumulation of phenolic endocrine disruptors in the clam Rangia cuneata: Storage in shells and influence of size and sex.

Environ Res 2021 06 17;197:111181. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

University of Gdansk, Institute of Oceanography, Department of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Al. Marszałka Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland.

This study aimed to investigate the sequestration of phenolic endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) such as bisphenol A (BPA), 4-t-octylphenol (4-t-OP), and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) in the shells of the mature clam Rangia cuneata from the Vistula Lagoon (southern Baltic Sea) and to determine the influence of sex and shell length on bioaccumulation of these contaminants. Even though there is broad interest in EDCs influences on aquatic organisms, these basic parameters are poorly understood, yet necessary for assessing environmental risks for clams. Average proportions of the total body burden (ng/individual) deposited in shells of R. Read More

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Microwave-assisted assembly of AgO-ZnO composite nanocones for electrochemical detection of 4-Nitrophenol and assessment of their photocatalytic activity towards degradation of 4-Nitrophenol and Methylene blue dye.

J Hazard Mater 2021 08 27;416:125771. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Chemistry and Centre of Advanced Studies in Chemistry, Panjab University Chandigarh, 160014, India; SAIF/CIL, Panjab University Chandigarh, 160014, India. Electronic address:

4-Nitrophenol (4-NP) is an extensively utilized industrial chemical and one of major toxic water pollutant. Therefore, there is an urgent need to monitor the levels of 4-NP from environmental samples as well as its eradication are extremely important. Keeping this as a motivation, this research for the first-time reports microwave-assisted cost-effective synthesis of silver oxide (AgO)-zinc oxide (ZnO) composite nanocones (CNCs, 80-100 nm) for simultaneous electrochemical detection and photodegradation of 4-NP from aqueous solutions. Read More

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Anaerobic semi-fixed bed biofilm reactor (An-SFB-BR) for treatment of high concentration p-nitrophenol wastewater under shock loading conditions.

Biodegradation 2021 08 10;32(4):377-388. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, China.

P-nitrophenol (PNP or 4-NP) has been widely used as a biorefractory raw material in chemical industry, whereas been highly concerned for its characteristics of mutagenic/carcinogenic activity and food chain bioaccumulation. In this study, an anaerobic semi-fixed bed biofilm reactor (An-SFB-BR) was constructed and used to treat PNP wastewater which discharged from chemical industries. Experimental results revealed that the An-SFB-BR was successfully cultivated with the gradually increasing of influent PNP from 0 to 540 mg/L (gradually increased 10 mg/L every time in stage II and 30-50 mg/L for stage III), with the observation of an average removal efficiency of 98% for PNP and 80% for chemical oxygen demand (COD), also a biogas production and biogas production rate of 2. Read More

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Facile Use of Silver Nanoparticles-Loaded Alumina/Silica in Nanofluid Formulations for Enhanced Catalytic Performance toward 4-Nitrophenol Reduction.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 15;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Physics, SCSVMV Deemed University, Kanchipuram 631561, India.

The introduction of toxic chemicals into the environment can result in water pollution leading to the degradation of biodiversity as well as human health. This study presents a new approach of using metal oxides (AlO and SiO) modified with a plasmonic metal (silver, Ag) nanoparticles (NPs)-based nanofluid (NF) formulation for environmental remediation purposes. Firstly, we prepared the AlO and SiO NFs of different concentrations (0. Read More

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Establishment of rapid, sensitive, and quantitative liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method coupled with liquid-liquid extraction for measurement of urinary bisphenol A, 4-t-octylphenol, and 4-nonylphenol.

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2021 Jun;35(12):e9084

Acibadem Lab Med Research and Development Laboratory, Istanbul, Turkey.

Rationale: Bisphenol A (BPA), 4-t-octylphenol (4-t-OP), and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) are ubiquitous manufactured chemicals classified as endocrine disruptors. Now these substances are prevalent and found in a wide range of biological and environmental matrices globally. Acting as xenoestrogens, their target is to bind estrogen receptors and compete against natural hormones. Read More

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OctylPhenol (OP) Alone and in Combination with NonylPhenol (NP) Alters the Structure and the Function of Thyroid Gland of the Lizard Podarcis siculus.

Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Apr 9;80(3):567-578. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Biology, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Different environmental contaminants disturb the thyroid system at many levels. AlkylPhenols (APs), by-products of microbial degradation of AlkylPhenol Polyethoxylates (APEOs), constitute an important class of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs), the two most often used environmental APs being 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (4-t-OP). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects on the thyroid gland of the bioindicator Podarcis siculus of OP alone and in combination with NP. Read More

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Spectrophotometric analysis of stability of gold nanoparticles during catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol.

Turk J Chem 2021 17;45(1):82-91. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad Pakistan.

Spectrophotometric monitoring of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) reduction by sodium borohydride (NaBH) using gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as a catalyst has been extensively studied, but the stability of GNPs in terms of change in the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at different temperatures has not been explored. In the present investigation, our aim was to evaluate the SPR stability of GNPs as a catalyst during the reduction of 4-NP at different elevated temperatures (i.e. Read More

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February 2021

A fluorescence strategy for monitoring α-glucosidase activity and screening its inhibitors from Chinese herbal medicines based on Cu nanoclusters with aggregation-induced emission.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2021 Apr 11;413(9):2553-2563. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Key Laboratory of Life-Organic Analysis of Shandong Province, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qufu Normal University, Jining, 272000, Shandong, China.

Herein, the self-assembly of 1-dodecanethiol-capped Cu nanoclusters (DT-Cu NCs) is obtained by annealing of dibenzyl ether solution of nanoclusters. These aggregates are composed of small clusters and emit a high level of aggregation-induced emission (AIE) in water. Based on the quenching effect of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) on DT-Cu NCs, a fluorescence strategy is developed to monitor α-glucosidase (α-Glu) activity and screen its inhibitors from Chinese herbal medicines. Read More

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DNA-templated silver nanoclusters as an efficient catalyst for reduction of nitrobenzene derivatives: a systematic study.

Nanotechnology 2021 May;32(19):195705

School of Food Science and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Normal University, Wenyuan Road 1, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China.

Nitrobenzene compounds are highly toxic pollutants with good stability, and they have a major negative impact on both human health and the ecological environment. Herein, it was found for the first time that fluorescent DNA-silver nanoclusters (DNA-AgNCs) can catalyze the reduction of toxic and harmful nitro compounds into less toxic amino compounds with excellent tolerance to high temperature and organic solvents. In this study, the reduction of p-nitrophenol (4-NP) as a model was systematically investigated, followed by expending the substrate to disclose the versatility of this reaction. Read More

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