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Comparison of Cervical Levels of Interleukins-6 and -8 in Patients with and without Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2021 Apr 1;22(4):1225-1230. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Introduction: Interleukins-6 and -8 are two pro-inflammatory cytokines increasing in serum and local levels under malignant conditions. There are limited evidences on the association between cervical level of these two factors and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). So, this study aimed to explore the association between cervical levels of IL-6 and IL-8 with cervical premalignant lesions. Read More

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Obstetric and perinatal health outcomes after pertussis vaccination during pregnancy in Ontario, Canada: a retrospective cohort study.

CMAJ Open 2021 Apr-Jun;9(2):E349. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute (Fakhraei, Sucha, Fell); Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (Fakhraei, Hawken, Wilson, Walker), Ottawa, Ont.; ICES Central (Crowcroft, Hawken, Kwong, Fell); University of Toronto (Crowcroft, Bolotin, Biringer, Dubey, Jamieson, Kwong); Public Health Ontario (Bolotin, Jamieson, Kwong), Toronto, Ont.; ICES uOttawa (Sucha); University of Ottawa (Hawken, Cook, Walker, Laverty, Fell); Bruyère Research Institute (Wilson), Ottawa, Ont.; Kingston Health Sciences Centre (Gaudet); Queen's University (Gaudet), Kingston, Ont.; Public Health England (Amirthalingam), London, UK; Mount Sinai Hospital (Biringer), Toronto, Ont.; Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (Cook), Ottawa, Ont.; Toronto Public Health (Dubey), Toronto, Ont.; Canadian Centre for Vaccinology (Halperin), Dalhousie University and IWK Health Centre, Halifax, NS; Vaccine Evaluation Center (Sadarangani), BC Children's Hospital Research Institute; Department of Pediatrics (Sadarangani), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC

Background: In February 2018, Canada's National Advisory Committee on Immunization recommended maternal vaccination with tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine during pregnancy to prevent severe pertussis infection in young infants. This study assessed the relation between maternal Tdap vaccination and obstetric and perinatal outcomes in Ontario.

Methods: We performed a population-based cohort study of all births from April 2012 to March 2017 using multiple linked health administrative databases. Read More

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A US Population Health Survey on the Impact of COVID-19 Using the EQ-5D-5L.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 05 8;36(5):1292-1301. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

EuroQol Research Foundation, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in negative impacts on the economy, population health, and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL).

Objective: To assess the impact of COVID-19 on US population HRQoL using the EQ-5D-5L.

Design: We surveyed respondents on physical and mental health, demographics, socioeconomics, brief medical history, current COVID-19 status, sleep, dietary, financial, and spending changes. Read More

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Investigation of Factors Affecting Early Quality of Life of Patients after Breast Cancer Surgery.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Feb 16;9(2). Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center, Ehime 791-0280, Japan.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors related to early quality of life (QOL) three months after surgery in breast cancer patients with axillary lymph node dissection.

Methods: The subjects of this study were 195 consecutive patients who underwent axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. Age, body mass index, level of lymph node dissection, marriage, children, co-resident household members, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, postoperative chemotherapy, postoperative hormonal therapy, postoperative radiotherapy, upper limb function (disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH)), and QOL (European Organization for the Treatment and Research of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30)) were evaluated. Read More

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February 2021

Early Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on Sleep in a Large Spanish Sample.

Behav Sleep Med 2021 Mar 2:1-16. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) forced Spain to implement unprecedented lockdown restriction. In this context, different factors could worsen sleep quality, but the impact of the pandemic and lockdown on sleep is still mostly unknown. In this cross-sectional study, we describe self-reported sleep disturbances in people without mental health disorders from a large Spanish sample (n = 15,070). Read More

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Differences in cancer amputee survival based on marital status: an analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database.

J Psychosoc Oncol 2021 Feb 19:1-10. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Purpose: Limb amputation is a life-altering procedure used to treat certain cancer patients. The influence of psychosocial factors (such as marital status) on outcomes is poorly understood, hindering the development of targeted resources for the specific needs of these patients. This study was conducted to characterize the influence of marital status on survival after cancer-related amputation. Read More

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February 2021

Factors associated with chemotherapy benefit in breast cancer patients with midrange Oncotype DX breast recurrence scores.

Cancer Lett 2021 Apr 22;503:213-219. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Breast Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100021, China. Electronic address:

Chemotherapy for patients with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, node-negative breast cancer, and with midrange Oncotype DX breast recurrence scores (RS) still needs to be further individualized. To improve the treatment decision making, we aimed to develop a method that provides a single score based on multiple factors associated with chemotherapy benefit. We analyzed Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry data from 31,731 patients with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative breast cancer and midrange RS characterized by sociodemographic (age and marital status) and clinicopathologic (tumor size, histologic grade, progesterone receptor status, broad histological classification, lesion laterality, and lesion overlap) features and stratified by RS ranges. Read More

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Prevalence and Characteristics of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Among Urban Residents in Wuhan During the Stage of Regular Control of Coronavirus Disease-19 Epidemic.

Front Psychiatry 2020 16;11:594167. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Coronavirus disease-19 (Covid-19) is one of the most devastating epidemics in the 21st century, which has caused considerable damage to the physical and mental health of human beings. Despite a few regions like China having controlled the epidemic trends, most countries are still under siege of COVID-19. As the emphasis on cleaning and hygiene has been increasing, the problems related to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may appear. Read More

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December 2020

Modern contraceptive utilization and associated factors among married and cohabiting women in Papua New Guinea: a population-based cross-sectional study.

Contracept Reprod Med 2020 Nov 18;5(1):22. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Background: Universal access to family planning has been emphasized by the international development agenda, as evident in the Sustainable Development Goal 3.7. This notwithstanding, the use of modern contraceptives has been minimal in low- and middle-income countries, especially in Papua New Guinea. Read More

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November 2020

Disability and post-trauma stress in the population over 15 years old in Kashan, Iran: A population-based study.

Chin J Traumatol 2020 Dec 14;23(6):351-355. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Purpose: One of the consequences of trauma-related injuries is disability. There are more than one billion people with disabilities worldwide. Disability in people reduces their quality of life. Read More

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December 2020

Predictors of maternal parenting self-efficacy for infants and toddlers: A Jordanian study.

Authors:
Sawsan Abuhammad

PLoS One 2020 18;15(11):e0241585. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the predictors of maternal parenting self-efficacy when the children concerned are in the early years of life.

Method: A descriptive-analytical research study was carried out among 213 women who were in the early months of the postpartum period and attending healthcare facilities in Irbid, Jordan. The State Anxiety Inventory (SAI) and the Maternal Parenting Self-Efficacy (PMP S-E) tool were used to collect the data. Read More

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December 2020

Anxiety, Self-Compassion, Gender Differences and COVID-19: Predicting Self-Care Behaviors and Fear of COVID-19 Based on Anxiety and Self-Compassion with an Emphasis on Gender Differences.

Iran J Psychiatry 2020 Jul;15(3):213-219

Department of Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University of Tehran, Tehran,Iran.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has different effects on people's psychological and social aspects. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between anxiety, self-compassion, and gender differences with self-care behaviors and fear of COVID-19 in Kermanshah. In the cross-sectional study, 403 people answered online questions on the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item (GAD-7) Scale, Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), and a questionnaire focusing on COVID-19-related behavior. Read More

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Assessing factors associated with poor maternal mental health among mothers of children born small and sick at 24-47 months in rural Rwanda.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 Oct 21;20(1):643. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Partners In Health/Inshuti Mu Buzima, Rwinkwavu, Rwanda.

Background: Global investments in neonatal survival have resulted in a growing number of children with morbidities surviving and requiring ongoing care. Little is known about the caregivers of these children in low- and middle-income countries, including maternal mental health which can further negatively impact child health and development outcomes. We aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with poor maternal mental health in mothers of children born preterm, low birthweight (LBW), and with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) at 24-47 months of age in rural Rwanda. Read More

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October 2020

Using Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Care Utilization to Assess Contraceptive Use among Sexually Active Perinatally HIV-Infected Adolescents in Uganda.

Int J Reprod Med 2020 28;2020:8016483. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Contraceptive practices of perinatally HIV-infected adolescents (PHIAs) have implications related to pregnancy prevention, risks of HIV heterosexual transmission, reinfection, and vertical transmission. The study assessed contraceptive use among sexually active PHIAs in Uganda.

Methods: Mixed methods consisting of a survey and in-depth interviews were employed among 213 sexually active PHIAs who were attending antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics. Read More

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September 2020

"When Her Visa Expired, the Family Refused to Renew It," Intersections of Human Trafficking and Domestic Violence: Qualitative Document Analysis of Case Examples from a Major Midwest City.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Sep 14:886260520957978. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

HEAL Trafficking, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

This study aimed to further understand typologies of trafficking that occur in the home, by an individual's intimate partner (IP) or family members and this overlap with extant knowledge on perpetrator manipulation via the Power and Control Wheel. Inductive and deductive techniques were used to analyze secondary data from a federally funded anti-trafficking program in a Midwest metropolitan area recorded between 2008 and 2017. Cases were included if there was indication of sex or labor exploitation initiated by an IP, family member, or other in the domestic setting via elements of abuse; 59 cases of 213 met this criteria. Read More

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September 2020

Longitudinal analysis of alcohol use and intimate partner violence perpetration among men with HIV in northern Vietnam.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 Jun 10;213:108098. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health, 135 Dauer Drive, 302 Rosenau Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

Background: Alcohol use is a known risk factor for male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV), although few studies have been conducted globally and among men with HIV (MWH). We estimated the longitudinal effects of alcohol use on IPV perpetration among MWH.

Methods: This study is a secondary analysis of randomized controlled trial data among male and female antiretroviral treatment patients with hazardous alcohol use in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam. Read More

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Cost to ambulatory care for schizophrenia in Family Medicine

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2019 07 1;57(4):213-217. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Medicina Familiar No. 38, Servicio de Atención Familiar. Tampico, Tamaulipas, México

Background: The groups related to ambulatory care (GRAA, according to its initials in Spanish) are a classification of clinical diagnoses performed on patients receiving medical care in primary care; it is a comprehensive treatment for one year.

Objective: To determine the costs of ambulatory care and sociodemographic characteristics of patients with schizophrenia attended in Family Medicine (FM).

Material And Methods: Cross-sectional study which included adult patients with complete electronic clinical record, who had confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia and received medical attention in a FM unit from January to December 2017. Read More

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Dietary Knowledge and Myths Vary by Age and Years of Schooling in Pregnant Mexico City Residents.

Nutrients 2020 Jan 30;12(2). Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Departamento de Nutrición y Bioprogramación, Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, Secretaría de Salud, Ciudad de Mexico 11000, Mexico.

Pregnancy is a stage in a woman's life when she is more open to receiving health advice, especially related to diet. However, women are often caught between receiving scientifically unfounded myths and concrete empirical knowledge. Culturally perpetuated myths may be acted upon more than knowledge, but research on these concepts, especially in the Americas, is scarce. Read More

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January 2020

Impact of social deprivation on outcome following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Open Heart 2019;6(2):e001089. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Morriston Hospital, Swansea Bay University Health Board, Swansea, UK.

Objectives: We sought to evaluate whether socioeconomic status influences outcome after first-time transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Method: This is a single-centre study carried out in Swansea, South West Wales, UK between 5 November 2009 and 10 June 2018. Data included age, gender, domiciliary postal code, comorbidities, complications post-TAVI, length of stay, follow-up time and survival status. Read More

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February 2021

Factors Associated with General Health Screening Participation among Married Immigrant Women in Korea.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 10 18;16(20). Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Korea.

: The number of married female immigrants living in Korea has been increasing and is expected to increase further. This study was performed to identify factors associated with national general health screening participation among married immigrant women living in South Korea. : The Korean National Health Insurance System's (NHIS) customized database for the years 2014 and 2015 was used. Read More

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October 2019

Correlates of Psychotropic Polypharmacy in outpatient psychiatric clinics of two military tertiary hospitals in Saudi Arabia.

J Family Community Med 2019 Sep-Dec;26(3):213-220

Department of Health Systems Management, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Ministry of the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Polypharmacy is meaningful and clinically justified under certain circumstances. However, the prescription of multiple psychiatric medicines is mostly based on practical experience rather than evidence. The aim of this study was to assess the current practice of and factors associated with the use of polypharmacy among patients attending outpatient psychiatric clinics. Read More

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October 2019

The correlation between marital satisfaction and childbearing characteristics in women in Tehran.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Jul 27. Epub 2019 Jul 27.

Department of Population and Family Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

Background Pregnancy and childbearing can change the relationship between a couple and their degree of marital satisfaction. Objectives The present study was conducted to determine the effect of women's childbearing characteristics, including age at marriage, childbearing age, the interval between marriage and the birth of the first child, the number of children, age differences between children and children's gender composition (only sons, only daughters or both sons and daughters) on marital satisfaction in women of childbearing age in Tehran. Materials and methods This descriptive correlational study was conducted on 213 married females aged 15-45 years presenting to health centers in Tehran in 2016. Read More

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Reports and Victims of Sex and Labor Trafficking in a Major Midwest Metropolitan Area, 2008-2017.

Public Health Rep 2019 Jul/Aug;134(4):432-440. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

4 Department of Health Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the number, risk factors, and demographic characteristics of potential human trafficking victims from tips reported to a social services agency in a major Midwest metropolitan area from 2008 through 2017.

Methods: The agency, comprising 90 employees serving more than 10 000 persons annually, received federal funding to raise awareness about trafficking and to identify and support persons who are at risk for trafficking through training, coalition building, direct outreach and service, and case management. We, the authors, counted the numbers of tips and potential victims reported to the agency by year, type of trafficking, economic sector, sex, region of origin, and age and looked for new risk factors for trafficking. Read More

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November 2019

Awareness on Girl Child Abuse Among Mothers of A Selected Community.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2018 Sep-Oct;56(213):866-870

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal.

Introduction: Girl Child Abuse is physically, emotionally, sexually abusing and neglecting the girl child by depriving her of universally accepted child rights. We aim to determine the awareness on girl child abuse among mothers so that necessary awareness programs could be recommended if found unsatisfactory.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done in Sundarbazar municipality of Lamjung district among randomly selecting 288 mothers who participated voluntarily in face to face interview that used structured questionnaire from 27th March to 23rd April, 2016. Read More

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September 2019

The Quality of Life and Dyadic Adjustment of Couples Receiving Infertility Treatment.

Afr J Reprod Health 2019 Mar;23(1):117-127

Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Eskisehir, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect the dyadic adjustment and quality of life of individuals receiving infertility treatment and to evaluate the effect of dyadic adjustment on their quality of life. This study was conducted as a descriptive and cross-sectional study with 209 males and 213 females. The study data was collected using an introductory information form about socio-demographic characteristics, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale and the FertiQol Scale. Read More

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High prevalence of neurocognitive disorders observed among adult people living with HIV/AIDS in Southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(3):e0204636. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Arbaminch University College of Medicine and Health Sciences Department of Public Health, Arbaminch, Ethiopia.

Background: Comprehensive care given to people living with HIV/AIDS is improving over time; however, their concurrent cognitive illness is still ignored, under screened and treated particularly in developing countries. And this problem is also striking in Ethiopia. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders and associated factors among adult people living with HIV/AIDS. Read More

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November 2019

Male involvement in the maternal health care system: implication towards decreasing the high burden of maternal mortality.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 14;18(1):493. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box: 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: One of the essential components of antenatal care (ANC) is birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR). Strengthening BP/CR measures is one of the principal strategies to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity. The current study aimed at determining the level of men's knowledge about obstetric danger signs, and their involvement in BP/CR among community of Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018

Perceptions of the causes of schizophrenia and associated factors by the Holy Trinity Theological College students in Ethiopia.

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2018 8;17:43. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Research and Training Department, Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: There is a cultural variability around the perception of what causes the syndrome of schizophrenia. As far as the cause of schizophrenia by the general public concerned, people living in western countries focus mainly on biological and social risk factors such as genetic vulnerability, disease of the brain, infection or stressful social conditions or personal weakness, but the predominant views held by people living in non-western countries focus mainly on supernatural and religious factors. Awareness and beliefs about the causes of mental illnesses influence the preferred treatments. Read More

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October 2018

Maintaining "mianzi" and "lizi": Understanding the reasons for formality marriages between gay men and lesbians in China.

Transcult Psychiatry 2019 02 10;56(1):213-232. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Sichuan University.

As a result of societal expectations and to avoid societal homophobia, many lesbians and gay men in China marry heterosexual partners and do not disclose their own sexual orientation. This study used qualitative methods to explore why gay men enter into such marriages of convenience. A total of 17 in-depth interviews were conducted with lesbians and gay men who had entered "formality marriages. Read More

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February 2019

Time From Hearing Aid Candidacy to Hearing Aid Adoption: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Ear Hear 2019 May/Jun;40(3):468-476

Department of Healthcare Leadership and Management, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Although many individuals with hearing loss could benefit from intervention with hearing aids, many do not seek or delay seeking timely treatment after the onset of hearing loss. There is limited data-based evidence estimating the delay in adoption of hearing aids with anecdotal estimates ranging from 5 to 20 years. The present longitudinal study is the first to assess time from hearing aid candidacy to adoption in a 28-year ongoing prospective cohort of older adults, with the additional goal of determining factors influencing delays in hearing aid adoption, and self-reported successful use of hearing aids. Read More

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December 2019