431,343 results match your criteria 2019 center


How urban and rural built environments influence the health attitudes and behaviors of people who use drugs.

Health Place 2021 May 5;69:102578. Epub 2021 May 5.

Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

Research suggests that the built environment is associated with drug use. However, there is limited scholarship focusing on specific features of the built environment that influence drug use behaviors, experiences, and patterns and how risk factors for drug use are placed in distinctive urban and rural settings. Applying Neely and Samura's conceptual theory that describes space as contested, fluid and historical, interactional and relational, and defined by inequality and difference, we assessed data from semi-structured qualitative interviews conducted between 2019 and 2020 with consumers at syringe exchange programs (SEPs) in an urban location (New York City) and a rural location (southern Illinois). Read More

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The impact on health outcomes of implementing electronic health records to support the care of older people in residential aged care: A scoping review.

Int J Med Inform 2021 Apr 24;151:104471. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Center for Health Services Research, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Aim: The implementation of electronic health records (EHRs) in the aged care sector has been shown to improve efficiency and quality of care, administrative and funding processes. The aim of this study was to examine whether implementing EHRs and/or interventions leveraging EHRs in residential aged care facilities has any impact on health outcomes for residents and to review and summarise any published evidence.

Methods: Using the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines for conducting scoping reviews, we searched PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane and Scopus databases for articles describing the impact of EHRs and/or EHR-based interventions on health outcomes for residents in residential aged care. Read More

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Firearm-Related Injuries: A Single Center Experience.

J Surg Res 2021 May 5;265:289-296. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Electronic address:

Introduction: Firearm-related injuries (FRI) are an important public health crisis in the US. There is relatively less city level data examining the injury-related trends in Tucson, Arizona. Our study aims to examine FRI, in Southern Arizona's only Level I trauma center. Read More

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Microwave ablation of cT1a renal cell carcinoma: oncologic and functional outcomes at a single center.

Clin Imaging 2021 May 3;76:199-204. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York Presbyterian, NY, New York, USA; Department of Interventional Radiology, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York Presbyterian, NY, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Percutaneous ablation is an established alternative to surgical intervention for small renal masses. Radiofrequency and cryoablation have been studied extensively in the literature. To date, series assessing the efficacy and safety of microwave ablation (MWA) are limited. Read More

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Prevalence of cannabis use, disorder, and medical card possession in U.S. military veterans: Results from the 2019-2020 National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study.

Addict Behav 2021 Apr 27;120:106963. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

National Center for PTSD, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT.

More than half of U.S. states legalized medical or recreational sale and possession of cannabis since the prevalence of cannabis use was last estimated among U. Read More

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A semiological marker of emotional insulo-cingulate network activation in epileptic human brain.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 May 5;120:107970. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, China. Electronic address:

There are limited reports on the "chapeau de gendarme" (CDG) sign, which is considered reliable evidence for the verification of frontal epilepsy. However, several recent reports of scattered cases of extra-frontal epilepsy suggest the complexity of the cortical networks underlying CDG generation. The present study aimed to investigate the anatomo-electro-clinical correlations and explore the cortical mechanisms of the generation of CDG via video-stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG). Read More

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Houston Cocktail: Driving under influence of hydrocodone, alprazolam, and carisoprodol.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Apr 28;323:110819. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Houston Police Department, 1200 Travis St., Houston, TX, USA.

Concurrent use of opioids, benzodiazepines, and skeletal muscle relaxants potentiates the drug effect and respiratory depression via interactions of μ-opioid and GABA receptors. In the early 2000s when abuse of prescription drugs began to spike, a potent combination including hydrocodone, alprazolam, and carisoprodol, aka the "Houston Cocktail" or "Holy Trinity", emerged that may give users heroin-like euphoria. This research evaluated driving while intoxicated (DWI) cases that tested positive for hydrocodone, alprazolam, and carisoprodol, between 2015 and 2019. Read More

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Klebsiella pneumoniae Harboring Carbapenemase Genes in Taiwan: Its Evolution over 20 Years, 1998-2019.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2021 May 5:106354. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Tainan; Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important pathogen causing various types of human infections in Taiwan. Carbapenemases have increasingly been reported in Enterobacterales in the past two decades. Carbapenemase-producing K. Read More

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Developing a Database of Systematic Reviews of Animal Studies.

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 May 5:104940. Epub 2021 May 5.

Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation (SYRCLE), Department for Health Evidence, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Systematic reviews (SRs) are common practice in clinical and public health research, but less common in non-human animal research. Systematic reviews of animal studies can be valuable to inform clinical research, to evaluate the need for further animal experiments on a given topic, and to assess the hazard of an environmental exposure in the evaluation of toxicological studies. In the last 10 years, there has been an increase in the number of SRs of animal research, as well as several publications with detailed guidance on how to perform high-quality systematic reviews of experimental animal studies. Read More

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Withdrawal of active treatments in terminally ill heart failure patients.

Int J Cardiol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Intensive Cardiac Care Unit and "De Gasperis" Cardio Center, ASST Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: Heart failure (HF) constitutes a growing public health problem in aging societies: when pharmacological therapies fail, HF can be sustained intensively if patients are eligible for either orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) or mechanical ventricular assistance, otherwise additional treatments could be inappropriate. In December 2017 Italian Legislator brought in the provisions regarding the end-of-life choices, including indications for withdrawing and withholding life-sustaining therapies. The aim of our study was to provide an overview of the daily practice of our center with regard to terminally ill HF patients. Read More

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Identification of distinct clinical subphenotypes in critically ill patients with COVID-19.

Chest 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Subphenotypes have been identified in patients with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and are associated with different outcomes and response to therapies.

Research Question: Can unique subphenotypes be identified among critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Study Design: & Methods: Using data from a multicenter cohort study that enrolled critically ill patients with COVID-19 from 67 hospitals across the United States, we randomly divided centers into Discovery and Replication cohorts. We utilized latent class analysis independently in each cohort to identify subphenotypes based on clinical and laboratory variables. Read More

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Outcomes of rotational atherectomy for severely calcified coronary lesions: A single center 5-year experience.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the influences of accumulated experience on rotational atherectomy (RA) operation regarding to in-hospital outcomes in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era.

Methods: Between 2015 and 2019, 540 de novo lesions with calcified coronary lesions treated by RA and DES implantation at our center were retrospectively assessed. In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as all cause death, cardiac death, target vessel revascularization, and stroke. Read More

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Statin therapy and the incidence of thromboembolism and vascular events following liver transplantation.

Liver Transpl 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Statin therapy may reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which may impact solid organ transplant outcomes. We evaluated the incidence of VTE and other complications after liver transplantation stratified by hyperlipidemia status and statin use using a retrospective cohort study approach from a high-volume liver transplant center. We reviewed all primary orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) records from January 2014-December 2019 from our center. Read More

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Could biochar amendment be a tool to improve soil availability and plant uptake of phosphorus? A meta-analysis of published experiments.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute of Resource, Ecosystem and Environment of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, 1 Weigang, Nanjing, 210095, Jiangsu, China.

As one of the most important nutrients for plant growth, phosphorus was often poorly available in soil. While biochar addition induced improvement of soil structure, nutrient and water retention as well as microbial activity had been well known, and the effect of biochar soil amendment (BSA) on soil phosphorus availability and plant P uptake had been not yet quantitatively assessed. In a review study, data were retrieved from 354 peer-reviewed research articles on soil available P content and P uptake under BSA published by February 2019. Read More

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The association between renal elasticity evaluated by Real-time tissue elastography and renal fibrosis.

Clin Exp Nephrol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology, Hypertension and Nephrology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Toon, Ehime, Japan.

Background: The progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) depends on the extent of fibrosis in the kidneys; however, a renal biopsy is necessary to evaluate the severity of renal fibrosis. Real-time tissue elastography (RTE), which measures heartbeat-induced tissue displacement, can assess the elasticity of organs. Here, we aimed to investigate the correlation between renal elasticity and the extent of fibrosis in renal biopsy samples. Read More

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Impact of intravenous alteplase on sub-angiographic emboli in high-resolution diffusion-weighted imaging following successful thrombectomy.

Eur Radiol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Objective: Thrombus microfragmentation causing peripheral emboli (PE) during mechanical thrombectomy (MT) may modulate treatment effects, even in cases with successful reperfusion. This study aims to investigate whether intravenous alteplase is of potential benefit in reducing PE after successful MT.

Methods: Patients from a prospective study treated at a tertiary care stroke center between 08/2017 and 12/2019 were analyzed. Read More

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High Output Cardiovascular Physiology and Outcomes in Fetal Diagnosis of Vein of Galen Malformation.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Pediatric Heart Center, Icahn School of Medicine At Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare anomaly associated with poor outcomes from high output cardiac failure and neurologic complications. Studies addressing fetal cardiovascular status and outcomes in this population are limited. A single-center retrospective review was conducted on patients with a prenatal diagnosis of VGAM who underwent a fetal echocardiogram between January 2015 and July 2019. Read More

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Pain and rehabilitation after total hip arthroplasty are approach dependent: a multisurgeon, single-center, prospective cohort study.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

ARCUS Sportklinik Pforzheim, Rastatterstr. 17-19, 75179, Pforzheim, Germany.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess perioperative pain and mobilization after total hip arthroplasty (THA) using three different surgical approaches.

Methods: This was a multisurgeon, prospective, single-center cohort study. A total of 188 patients who underwent hip arthroplasty (THA) between February 2019 and April 2019 were analyzed according to the surgical approach used (direct anterior, lateral, and posterior approach). Read More

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Monitoring of bluetongue virus in zoo animals in Spain, 2007-2019.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Animal Health and Zoonosis Research Group (GISAZ), Department of Animal Health, University of Cordoba, 14014, Córdoba, Spain.

Bluetongue (BT) is an emerging and re-emerging communicable vector-borne disease of animal health concern. A serosurvey was performed to assess exposure to BT virus (BTV) in zoo animals in Spain and to determine the dynamics of seropositivity in longitudinally-sampled individuals during the study period. Serum samples were collected from 241 zoo animals belonging to 71 different species in five urban zoos (A-E) in Spain between 2007 and 2019. Read More

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Reimagining the peer-review system for translational health science journals.

Authors:
Elise M Smith

Clin Transl Sci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Population Health, Institute for Translational Sciences, Institute for Bioethics and Health Humanities, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA.

Retractions of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) papers in high impact journals, such as The Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine, have been panned as major scientific fraud in public media. The initial reaction to this news was to seek out scapegoats and blame individual authors, peer-reviewers, editors, and journals for wrong doing. This paper suggests that scapegoating a few individuals for faulty science is a myopic approach to the more profound problem with peer-review. Read More

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Predicting QT interval prolongation in patients diagnosed with the 2019 novel coronavirus infection.

Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2021 May 7:e12853. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ascension St. John Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA.

Introduction: 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) patients frequently develop QT interval prolongation that predisposes them to Torsades de Pointes and sudden cardiac death. Continuous cardiac monitoring has been recommended for any COVID-19 patient with a Tisdale Score of seven or more. This recommendation, however, has not been validated. Read More

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The Association Between Mild Cognitive Impairment Diagnosis and Patient Treatment Preferences: a Survey of Older Adults.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine and Cognitive Health Services Research Program, University of Michigan (U-M), Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Older patients (65+) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) receive less guideline-concordant care for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other conditions than patients with normal cognition (NC). One potential explanation is that patients with MCI want less treatment than patients with NC; however, the treatment preferences of patients with MCI have not been studied.

Objective: To determine whether patients with MCI have different treatment preferences than patients with NC. Read More

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Hepatic Arterioportal Fistula Is Associated with Decreased Future Liver Remnant Regeneration after Stage-I ALPPS for Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

J Gastrointest Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver transplantation, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Shuangrong Raod 6, Nanning, 530021, China.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients often developed hepatic arterioportal fistula (APF). The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of APF on future liver remnant (FLR) regeneration and surgical outcomes after the first stage of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (stage-I ALPPS).

Methods: Consecutive HCC patients who underwent ALPPS at our center between March 2017 and May 2019 were retrospectively studied. Read More

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The impact of gender, age, race/ethnicity, and stage on quality of life in a spectrum of cutaneous lymphomas.

Support Care Cancer 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Dermatology, City of Hope, Duarte, USA.

Purpose: Cutaneous lymphomas (CLs) are a group of rare, potentially disfiguring and disabling cancers that can have a significant impact on quality of life (QoL). While previous studies have shown that mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS) impair QoL, the effect of other types of CL on QoL has not been evaluated.

Objective: To determine the impact of disease on QoL in all CL patients and to assess how QoL between the CL sub-types varies by demographic and clinical factors. Read More

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Impact of bioprosthetic valve type on peri-procedural myocardial injury and mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Heart Vessels 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

DICATOV-Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, San Martino Hospital, IRCCS for Oncology and Neurosciences, Genoa, Italy.

Peri-procedural myocardial injury (PPMI) is a common complication after transcatheter valve replacement (TAVR), often remaining clinically silent. The role of valve type on PPMI and the association between PPMI and mortality are still unclear. We sought to evaluate predictors and outcome of PPMI after TAVR, and the impact of self-expandable valve (SEV) vs. Read More

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Comparison of analyte identification criteria and other aspects in triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry: Case study using UHPLC-MS/MS for regulatory analysis of veterinary drug residues in liquid and powdered eggs.

Authors:
Steven J Lehotay

Anal Bioanal Chem 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA, 19038, USA.

Ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is one of the most powerful tools for the multiclass, multiresidue analysis of veterinary drugs, pesticides, mycotoxins, and other chemical contaminants in foods and other sample types. Until approximately 2010, commercial MS/MS instruments using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) were generally limited to minimum dwell (and inter-dwell) times of 10 ms per ion transition. To achieve the needed accuracy and detection limits for hundreds of targeted analytes, older UHPLC-MS/MS methods typically acquired only two ion transitions per analyte (yielding only one ion ratio for qualitative identification purposes), which is still the norm despite technological advancements. Read More

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Molecular mechanisms underlying the antidepressant actions of arketamine: beyond the NMDA receptor.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Chiba University Center for Forensic Mental Health, Chiba, Japan.

The discovery of robust antidepressant actions exerted by the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonist (R,S)-ketamine has been a crucial breakthrough in mood disorder research. (R,S)-ketamine is a racemic mixture of equal amounts of (R)-ketamine (arketamine) and (S)-ketamine (esketamine). In 2019, an esketamine nasal spray from Johnson & Johnson was approved in the United States of America and Europe for treatment-resistant depression. Read More

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Inter-laboratory comparison of gene expression biodosimetry for protracted radiation exposures as part of the RENEB and EURADOS WG10 2019 exercise.

Sci Rep 2021 May 7;11(1):9756. Epub 2021 May 7.

Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology Affiliated to University Ulm, Neuherbergstr. 11, 80937, Munich, Germany.

Large-scale radiation emergency scenarios involving protracted low dose rate radiation exposure (e.g. a hidden radioactive source in a train) necessitate the development of high throughput methods for providing rapid individual dose estimates. Read More

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JUUL 'new technology' pods exhibit greater electrical power and nicotine output than previous devices.

Tob Control 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon

In 2019, JUUL Labs began marketing in the European Union 'new technology' pods that incorporated a new wick that it claimed provided 'more satisfaction'. In this study, we compared design and materials of construction, electrical characteristics, liquid composition and nicotine and carbonyl emissions of new technology JUUL pods to their predecessors. Consistent with manufacturer's claims, we found that the new pods incorporated a different wicking material. Read More

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