16,662 results match your criteria 2018 annual


Automatic quantitative computed tomography measurement of longitudinal lung volume loss in interstitial lung diseases.

Eur Radiol 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

University of Lyon, University Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, UJM-Saint-Étienne, CNRS, Inserm, CREATIS UMR 5220, U1206, 69621, Lyon, France.

Objectives: To compare the lung CT volume (CTvol) and pulmonary function tests in an interstitial lung disease (ILD) population. Then to evaluate the CTvol loss between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and non-IPF and explore a prognostic value of annual CTvol loss in IPF.

Methods: We conducted in an expert center a retrospective study between 2005 and 2018 on consecutive patients with ILD. Read More

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January 2022

The cost of testicular torsion care in Ireland 2009-2018: a novel cost estimation model using a national database.

Ir J Med Sci 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Transplant Urology and Nephrology Directorate, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Activity-based funding (ABF) is a reimbursement model for public hospitals in Ireland. Little data exist regarding cost estimates for acute surgical admissions in Ireland. This study presents a novel method of direct cost estimation for testicular torsion (TT) care in Ireland. Read More

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January 2022

A comparative study on the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus between children of North African migrants and Italian children in Emilia-Romagna region, Italy.

Eur J Pediatr 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Pediatric Unit, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, via Massarenti 11, 40138, Bologna, Italy.

In the last few decades, many studies have reported an increasing global incidence of type 1 diabetes. Studies on migrant populations have underlined the importance of both environmental and genetic factors.

Aims: Evaluate the incidence of type 1 diabetes in North African vs Italian children aged 0-14 years from 1 January 2015, to 31st December 2018, in Emilia-Romagna region, Italy. Read More

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January 2022

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Pulmonary Conditions among Farmers and Ranchers in the Central United States.

J Agromedicine 2022 Jan 13:1-13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Environmental, Agricultural and Occupational Health, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for work-related respiratory conditions (asthma, farmer's lung, sinusitis, rhinitis, and environmental allergies, diagnosed by a physician) among farm and ranch operators in the central US. A survey was conducted by the Central States Center for Agricultural Safety and Health (CS-CASH) in 2018, focusing on work-related injuries, illnesses, exposures, and preventive measures in a seven-state region (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota). Farms and ranches (n = 16,818) with an email address and annual sales exceeding $5,000 were randomly selected for the survey. Read More

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January 2022

Annual report of the Committee on Gynecologic Oncology, the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology: Annual Patient Report for 2018 and Annual Treatment Report for 2013.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

To provide information including the trend of gynecological malignancies in Japan, we hereby present the Annual Patient Report for 2018 and the Annual Treatment Report for 2013, on the outcomes of patients who started treatment in 2013. The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology maintains an annual tumor registry, where information on gynecological malignancies from various participating institutions is gathered. The data of patients whose treatment with gynecologic malignancies was initiated in 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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January 2022

Trends in opioid-related crime incidents and comparison with opioid overdose outcomes in the United States.

Int J Drug Policy 2022 Jan 10;101:103555. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

The Harold and Inge Marcus Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Background: The opioid epidemic in the United States remains a critically important public health issue and continues to worsen. While healthcare data and outcomes are commonly used to characterize the state of the epidemic and evaluate the impact of policy changes, criminal justice data is under-utilized in research despite its high relevance and unique role in the opioid crisis. Our objective is to understand temporal trends in opioid-related crime incidents and the comparability with the dynamic patterns in health-related outcomes. Read More

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January 2022

Increasing global urban exposure to flooding: An analysis of long-term annual dynamics.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Jan 10:153012. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Hangzhou 310012, China.

An improved understanding of global Urban Exposure to Flooding (UEF) is essential for developing risk-reduction strategies for sustainable urban development. This study is the first to assess the long-term historical global UEF at fine spatial resolution (i.e. Read More

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January 2022

Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence, by Race, Ethnicity, and Age Among Women Aged ≥20 Years - United States, 1999-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022 Jan 14;71(2):43-47. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Breast cancer is commonly diagnosed among women, accounting for approximately 30% of all cancer cases reported among women.* A slight annual increase in breast cancer incidence occurred in the United States during 2013-2017 (1). To examine trends in breast cancer incidence among women aged ≥20 years by race/ethnicity and age, CDC analyzed data from U. Read More

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January 2022

Changes in type 2 diabetes incidence and mortality associated with introduction of HbA1c as diagnostic option: A Danish 24-year population-based study.

Lancet Reg Health Eur 2022 Mar 1;14:100291. Epub 2022 Jan 1.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: In 2011, the World Health Organization began recommending glycated haemoglobin (HbA) as a measure for diagnosing type 2 diabetes (T2D). This initiative may have changed basic T2D epidemiology. Consequently, we examined time changes in T2D incidence and mortality during 1995-2018. Read More

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Epidemiology of Moyamoya disease in China: A nationwide hospital-based study.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2022 Jan 11;18:100331. Epub 2021 Dec 11.

China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: The national epidemiologic data in mainland China is still absent for moyamoya disease (MMD).

Methods: This study was a nationwide hospital-based observational retrospective study to estimate epidemiological characteristics of MMD. The data was based on the Hospital Quality Monitoring System (HQMS), a national database which covers all tertiary hospitals in mainland China. Read More

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January 2022

Common writings of baby names in Japan, 1989-2003: Explanation of survey data.

Authors:
Yuji Ogihara

Data Brief 2022 Feb 4;40:107678. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Institute of Arts and Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8601, Japan.

Previous research on Japanese names has analyzed the surveys on baby names conducted by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. The company displayed the yearly top 10 common writings of baby names between 1989 and 2003. However, it was unclear how the surveys for those 15 years were conducted. Read More

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February 2022

Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Associated Hospital Admissions and Bed Days in Children <5 Years of Age in 7 European Countries.

J Infect Dis 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Centre for Global Health, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in young children. High-quality country-specific estimates of bed days and length of stay (LOS) show the population burden of RSV-RTI on secondary care services and the burden among patients, and can be used to inform RSV immunization implementation decisions.

Methods: We estimated the hospital burden of RSV-associated RTI (RSV-RTI) in children under 5 years in 7 European countries (Finland, Denmark, Norway, Scotland, England, the Netherlands, and Italy) using routinely collected hospital databases during 2001-2018. Read More

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January 2022

Diabetes Self-Management Education and Association With Diabetes Self-Care and Clinical Preventive Care Practices.

Sci Diabetes Self Manag Care 2022 Jan 13:26350106211065378. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

DDT, NCCDPHP, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to assess self-reported receipt of diabetes education among people with diabetes and its association with following recommended self-care and clinical preventive care practices.

Methods: We analyzed data from the 2017 and 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 61 424 adults (≥18 years) with self-reported diabetes in 43 states and Washington, DC. Diabetes education was defined as ever taking a diabetes self-management class. Read More

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January 2022

Possible Association of Pulmonary Atresia with In-Utero Coxsackievirus B Exposure.

Pediatr Cardiol 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Section of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Gestational viral infection has been associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). Few studies, however, have studied the potential role of gestational Coxsackievirus B (CVB) exposure in the pathogenesis of CHD. We prospectively enrolled women with pregnancies affected by CHD to explore possible associations with in utero CVB exposure. Read More

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January 2022

Hospital Charges Associated With Critical Bronchiolitis From 2009 to 2019.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH. Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

Objectives: To evaluate the contribution of PICU care to increasing hospital charges for patients with bronchiolitis over a 10-year study period.

Design: In this retrospective multicenter study, changes in annual hospital charges (adjusted for inflation) were analyzed using linear regression for subjects admitted to the PICU with invasive mechanical ventilation (PICU + IMV) and without IMV (PICU - IMV), and for children not requiring PICU care.

Setting: Free-standing children's hospitals contributing to the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database. Read More

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January 2022

Alcohol-related Opioid Overdose Deaths in Minnesota Between 2011 and 2020: Trends by Sex.

J Addict Med 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (JKF); Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (NW); Injury and Violence Prevention Section, Minnesota Department of Health, Saint Paul, MN (NW, KMG).

Objectives: To characterize the overall trend and differences by sex in opioid overdose death (OOD) and alcohol-related opioid overdose deaths (AOOD) in Minnesota between 2011 and 2020 in relation to drug overdose deaths.

Methods: Using Minnesota death certificate data from 2011 to 2020, we identified OOD and AOOD among Minnesota residents aged 15 and older who died of a drug overdose death. We calculated significant differences in the annual proportion of OOD and AOOD and sex differences using Pearson x2 tests. Read More

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January 2022

Cancer statistics, 2022.

CA Cancer J Clin 2022 Jan 12;72(1):7-33. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Surveillance and Health Equity Science, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia.

Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths in the United States and compiles the most recent data on population-based cancer occurrence and outcomes. Incidence data (through 2018) were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data (through 2019) were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. Read More

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January 2022

Molecular and Antigenic Characterization of Avian H9N2 Viruses in Southern China.

Microbiol Spectr 2022 Jan 12:e0082221. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Shanghai Veterinary Research Institutegrid.464410.3, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Shanghai, China.

The H9N2 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) has become endemic in poultry globally; however due to its low pathogenicity, it is not under primary surveillance and control in many countries. Recent reports of human infection caused by H9N2 AIV has increased public concern. This study investigated the genetic and antigenic characteristics of H9N2 AIV isolated from local markets in nine provinces in Southern China from 2013 to 2018. Read More

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January 2022

Climate variability supersedes grazing to determine the anatomy and physiology of a dominant grassland species.

Oecologia 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.

Grassland ecosystems are historically shaped by climate, fire, and grazing which are essential ecological drivers. These grassland drivers influence morphology and productivity of grasses via physiological processes, resulting in unique water and carbon-use strategies among species and populations. Leaf-level physiological responses in plants are constrained by the underlying anatomy, previously shown to reflect patterns of carbon assimilation and water-use in leaf tissues. Read More

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January 2022

Risk-Adjusted Mortality Rates as a Quality Proxy Outperform Volume in Surgical Oncology-A New Perspective on Hospital Centralization Using National Population-Based Data.

J Clin Oncol 2022 Jan 11:JCO2101488. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of General, Visceral, Transplant, Vascular and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany.

Purpose: Despite a long-known association between annual hospital volume and outcome, little progress has been made in shifting high-risk surgery to safer hospitals. This study investigates whether the risk-standardized mortality rate (RSMR) could serve as a stronger proxy for surgical quality than volume.

Methods: We included all patients who underwent complex oncologic surgeries in Germany between 2010 and 2018 for any of five major cancer types, splitting the data into training (2010-2015) and validation sets (2016-2018). Read More

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January 2022

Incidence, circulation, and spatiotemporal analysis of seasonal influenza in Shandong, China, 2008-2019: A retrospective study.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, China.

Background: Understanding the influenza-like illness (ILI) incidence, circulation pattern of virus strains and spatiotemporal pattern of influenza transmission are important for designing control interventions. Based on the 10 years' surveillance data, we aimed to provide a baseline characterization and the epidemiology and dynamics of influenza virus in Shandong.

Methods: We extracted surveillance and laboratory testing data. Read More

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January 2022

Green investments, financial development, and environmental quality in Ghana: evidence from the novel dynamic ARDL simulations approach.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of Accounting Studies Education, Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skills Training and Entrepreneurial Development, Kumasi, Ghana.

Numerous studies have examined the influence of macroeconomic factors on environmental quality in Ghana. However, to the best of our knowledge, there has been no study on the connection between green investments, financial development, and environmental quality in the context of this Sub-Saharan African country. This study was therefore conducted to help fill this gap using annual frequency time series data ranging from 1970 to 2018. Read More

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January 2022

Tracking the effect of climatic and non-climatic elements on rice production in Pakistan using the ARDL approach.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

College of Economics, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, China.

The present study aims to investigate the effect of climatic and non-climatic factors on rice production by employing an annual time series data from the period of 1970 to 2018. The study employed an ARDL (Autoregressive Distributed Lag) approach, and the long-term equilibrium linkages between the variables have been discovered. Additionally, the study also used a regression model to determine the robustness for the authentication of results. Read More

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January 2022

The 2018 European heatwave led to stem dehydration but not to consistent growth reductions in forests.

Nat Commun 2022 Jan 10;13(1):28. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, AgroParisTech, Ecologie Systématique et Evolution, 91405, Orsay, France.

Heatwaves exert disproportionately strong and sometimes irreversible impacts on forest ecosystems. These impacts remain poorly understood at the tree and species level and across large spatial scales. Here, we investigate the effects of the record-breaking 2018 European heatwave on tree growth and tree water status using a collection of high-temporal resolution dendrometer data from 21 species across 53 sites. Read More

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January 2022

Long-term exposure to air pollution and COVID-19 incidence: a prospective study of residents in the city of Varese, Northern Italy.

Occup Environ Med 2022 Jan 10. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Research Center in Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.

Objectives: To investigate the association between long-term exposure to airborne pollutants and the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 up to March 2021 in a prospective study of residents in Varese city.

Methods: Citizens of Varese aged ≥18 years as of 31 December 2019 were linked by residential address to 2018 average annual exposure to outdoor concentrations of PM, PM, NO, NO and ozone modelled using the Flexible Air quality Regional Model (FARM) chemical transport model. Citizens were further linked to regional datasets for COVID-19 case ascertainment (positive nasopharyngeal swab specimens) and to define age, sex, living in a residential care home, population density and comorbidities. Read More

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January 2022

Consultation rates in people with type 2 diabetes with and without vascular complications: a retrospective analysis of 141,328 adults in England.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2022 Jan 10;21(1). Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Leicester Diabetes Centre, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, LE5 4PW, UK.

Objective: To assess trends in primary and specialist care consultation rates and average length of consultation by cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), or cardiometabolic multimorbidity exposure status.

Methods: Observational, retrospective cohort study used linked Clinical Practice Research Datalink primary care data from 01/01/2000 to 31/12/2018 to assess consultation rates in 141,328 adults with newly diagnosed T2DM, with or without CVD. Patients who entered the study with either a diagnosis of T2DM or CVD and later developed the second condition during the study are classified as the cardiometabolic multimorbidity group. Read More

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January 2022

Simulating Urban Expansion Based on Ecological Security Pattern-A Case Study of Hangzhou, China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Dec 28;19(1). Epub 2021 Dec 28.

Institute of Applied Remote Sensing and Information Technology, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Disordered urban expansion has encroached on a large amount of ecological land, resulting in the steady degradation of urban ecology, which has an adverse effect on the sustainable development of the region. An ecological security pattern can effectively control urban expansion, and it is of great significance to balance urban development and ecological protection. In order to analyze the impact of ecological security patterns on urban expansion, Hangzhou was taken as an example, the CA-Markov model and FLUS model were used to simulate the urban expansion pattern in 2030 under the natural development scenario and the ecological security scenario. Read More

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December 2021

Health and Medical Issues in the Area Affected by Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Dec 23;19(1). Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Futaba Medical Center, Tomioka 979-1151, Japan.

Futaba County was the area most affected by the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. To understand issues around the re-development of the medical system, we investigated the post-accident changes in medical needs and the system's transition. We analyzed reports from Fukushima Prefecture and local municipalities, ambulance transport data from the Futaba Fire Department, and patient data from Futaba Medical Center (FMC). Read More

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December 2021

The Dynamic Impact of Natural Resource Rents, Financial Development, and Technological Innovations on Environmental Quality: Empirical Evidence from BRI Economies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Dec 23;19(1). Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Department of Food Economics, Faculty of Food Science, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Science (MATE), 2100 Godollo, Hungary.

Until recently, many countries' policies were motivated by economic growth; however, few strategies were developed to prevent environmental deterioration including reducing the ecological footprint. In this context, the purpose of this study was to analyze the role of natural resource rents, technological innovation, and financial development on the ecological footprint in 90 Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) economies. This research divided the BRI economies into high income, middle-income, and low-income levels to capture income differences. Read More

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December 2021

Twelfth Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support Report: Readmissions after LVAD.

Ann Thorac Surg 2022 Jan 7. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York.

The twelfth annual report from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (Intermacs) highlights outcomes for 26,688 continuous-flow LVAD patients over the past decade (2011-2020). In 2020, we observed the largest drop in yearly LVAD implant volumes since the registry's inception, which reflects the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on cardiac surgical volumes in the United States. The 2018 heart transplant allocation policy change in the U. Read More

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January 2022