66,586 results match your criteria 2016 stress

Effect of cohabiting partners on the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms after emergency department visits for stroke and transient ischemic attack.

Soc Sci Med 2021 May 30;281:114088. Epub 2021 May 30.

Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: Partners can be beneficial for patients experiencing stressful health events such as a stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA). During such events, however, partners may exacerbate early distress. The present study tested whether having a cohabiting partner modified the association between patients' early perceptions of threat (e. Read More

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Nurse turnover: A longitudinal survival analysis of the Korea Nurses' Health Study.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Aims: To identify factors influencing turnover among Korean female nurses from a longitudinal perspective.

Design: A national cohort study called the Korea Nurses' Health Study (2013-2020) was used.

Methods: A national sample of female nurses from module 1 (N = 20,613, 2013-2014), module 5 (N = 11,527, 2016-2017), module 7 (N = 8,658, 2018-2019) and module 8 (N = 10,253, 2019-2020) was used. Read More

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Patterns and Effects of Admission Hyperglycemia and Inflammatory Response in Trauma Patients: A Prospective Clinical Study.

World J Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: The constellation of the initial hyperglycemia, proinflammatory cytokines and severity of injury among trauma patients is understudied. We aimed to evaluate the patterns and effects of on-admission hyperglycemia and inflammatory response in a level 1 trauma center. We hypothesized that higher initial readings of blood glucose and cytokines are associated with severe injuries and worse in-hospital outcomes in trauma patients. Read More

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Gene expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to fine particulate matter: RNA sequencing analysis.

Int J Environ Health Res 2021 Jun 9:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

National Engineering Laboratory for Advanced Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China.

Exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with cardiovascular diseases. In order to investigate the molecular mechanisms of air pollution-induced CVDs toxicity, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to PM2. Read More

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Genotype by heat stress interactions for production and functional traits in dairy cows from an across-generation perspective.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, 35390 Gießen, Germany. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to analyze time-lagged heat stress (HS) effects during late gestation on genetic co(variance) components in dairy cattle across generations for production, female fertility, and health traits. The data set for production and female fertility traits considered 162,492 Holstein Friesian cows from calving years 2003 to 2012, kept in medium-sized family farms. The health data set included 69,986 cows from calving years 2008 to 2016, kept in participating large-scale co-operator herds. Read More

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Omics Profiling of S2P Mutant Fibroblasts as a Mean to Unravel the Pathomechanism and Molecular Signatures of X-Linked Osteogenesis Imperfecta.

Front Genet 2021 21;12:662751. Epub 2021 May 21.

Connective Tissue Unit, Division of Metabolism and Children's Research Centre, University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited skeletal dysplasia characterized by low bone density, bone fragility and recurrent fractures. The characterization of its heterogeneous genetic basis has allowed the identification of novel players in bone development. In 2016, we described the first X-linked recessive form of OI caused by hemizygous missense variants resulting in moderate to severe phenotypes. Read More

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Mental Health Symptoms Unexpectedly Increased in Students Aged 11-19 Years During the 3.5 Years After the 2016 Fort McMurray Wildfire: Findings From 9,376 Survey Responses.

Front Psychiatry 2021 20;12:676256. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

In Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada, the wildfire of May 2016 forced the population of 88,000 to rapidly evacuate in a traumatic and chaotic manner. Ten percentage of the homes in the city were destroyed, and many more structures were damaged. Since youth are particularly vulnerable to negative effects of natural disasters, we examined possible long-term psychological impacts. Read More

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Media Exposure and Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms in the Wake of the November 2015 Paris Terrorist Attacks: A Population-Based Study in France.

Front Psychiatry 2021 21;12:509457. Epub 2021 May 21.

Santé publique France, Saint Maurice, France.

The intense mass media coverage of the Paris terrorist attacks on November 13, 2015 exposed a majority of the French population to the attacks. Prior research has documented the association between media exposure to terrorism and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). The present study replicated and extended these findings in a French sample. Read More

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Arthroplasty for Treating Traumatic Metacarpophalangeal Joint Defects: A Retrospective Study Over Three Years.

J Pain Res 2021 27;14:1457-1464. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Hand Surgery, Fuzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350004, People's Republic of China.

Background: Bone loss at the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP) after trauma is difficult to treat.

Objective: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of Swanson's arthroplasty and the reason for implant fracture.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 175 patients who underwent emergency MCP arthroplasty between 2013 and 2016. Read More

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Medication Adherence and Characteristics of Patients Who Spend Less on Basic Needs to Afford Medications.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 May-Jun;34(3):561-570

From the Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri (KWR, SH, JMH, S-HC, CJH, ASJ); Division of General Medical Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri (AM); Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Lipid Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri (CJH).

Introduction: Among individuals with low income, cost is a well-established barrier to medication adherence. Spending less on basic needs to pay for medication is a particularly concerning cost-coping strategy and may be associated with worse health outcomes. The aims of this study were (1) to describe the demographic and health status characteristics of those who report spending less on basic needs to pay for medication, and (2) to understand the associated psychosocial and financial challenges of these individuals. Read More

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Machine Learning, Molecular Modeling and Qsar Studies of Natural Products against Alzheimer's Disease.

Curr Med Chem 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Federal University of Paraíba, Health Sci. Center, 50670-910, João Pessoa, PB. Brazil.

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a very common neurodegenerative disorder in individuals over 65 years of age, however, younger individuals can also be affected due to early brain damage.

Introduction: The general symptoms of this disease include progressive loss of memory, changes in behavior, deterioration of thinking, and gradual loss of ability to perform daily activities. According to the World Health Organization, dementia has affected more than 50 million people worldwide, and it is estimated that there are 10 million new cases per year, of which 70% are due to AD. Read More

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Commuting distance and behavior-related health: A longitudinal study.

Prev Med 2021 Jun 1;150:106665. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Stress Research Institute, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Health Security, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, FI-00271, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Health benefits of active commuting and short commuting time are well-documented; however, limited evidence exists on the effects of commuting distance. We examined longitudinal associations between commuting distance and behavior-related health. Participants were from four survey waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (2012, 2014, 2016, and 2018). Read More

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Integrating substance use care into primary care for adolescents and young adults: Lessons learned.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Mar 23;129:108376. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, 801 Massachusetts Avenue, 2nd Floor, Boston, MA 02118, United States of America; Grayken Center for Addiction, Boston Medical Center, One Boston Medical Center Place, Boston, MA 02118, United States of America.

Background: Substance use disorders are common chronic conditions that often begin and develop during adolescence and young adulthood, yet the delivery of primary care is not developmentally tailored for youth who use substances. Very few primary care-based substance use treatment programs exist in the United States for adolescents and young adults and no clear guidance is available about how to provide substance use treatment in primary care.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective evaluation from July 2016 to December 2018 of a newly established primary care-based, multidisciplinary, outpatient program for youth who use substances. Read More

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A pharmacist-delivered smoking cessation program in Qatar: an exploration of pharmacists' and patients' perspectives of the program.

Int J Clin Pharm 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

College of Health Sciences, QU Health Qatar University, 2713, Doha, Qatar.

Background Tobacco use is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. An intensive pharmacist-delivered smoking cessation program was implemented in eight primary care pharmacies in Qatar. Objective This study aimed to qualitatively explore the perspectives of pharmacists and patients regarding their experiences in the program and their recommendations for improving it. Read More

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Individualization of PEEP and tidal volume in ARDS patients with electrical impedance tomography: a pilot feasibility study.

Ann Intensive Care 2021 Jun 2;11(1):89. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany.

Background: In mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), electrical impedance tomography (EIT) provides information on alveolar cycling and overdistension as well as assessment of recruitability at the bedside. We developed a protocol for individualization of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and tidal volume (V) utilizing EIT-derived information on recruitability, overdistension and alveolar cycling. The aim of this study was to assess whether the EIT-based protocol allows individualization of ventilator settings without causing lung overdistension, and to evaluate its effects on respiratory system compliance, oxygenation and alveolar cycling. Read More

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Assessment of Planting Method and Deficit Irrigation Impacts on Physio-Morphology, Grain Yield and Water Use Efficiency of Maize ( L.) on Vertisols of Semi-Arid Tropics.

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 29;10(6). Epub 2021 May 29.

Biophysics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo 12613, Egypt.

Agriculture in a water-limited environment is critically important for today and for the future. This research evaluates the impact of deficit irrigation in different planting methods on the physio-morphological traits, grain yield and WUE of maize ( L.). Read More

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Importance and Antimicrobial Resistance of in Clinical Respiratory Disease in Feedlot Calves.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 20;11(5). Epub 2021 May 20.

Ruminant Health Research Group, Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Regional Campus of International Excellence "Campus Mare Nostrum", University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an important viral and/or bacterial disease that mainly affects feedlot calves. The involvement of in BRD can lead to chronic pneumonia poorly responsive to antimicrobial treatment. Caseonecrotic bronchopneumonia is a pulmonary lesion typically associated with . Read More

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Involvement of Chaperone Sigma1R in the Anxiolytic Effect of Fabomotizole.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 21;22(11). Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Pharmacogenetics, Federal State Budgetary Institution "Research Zakusov Institute of Pharmacology", Baltiyskaya Street 8, 125315 Moscow, Russia.

Sigma-1 receptor (chaperone Sigma1R) is an intracellular protein with chaperone functions, which is expressed in various organs, including the brain. Sigma1R participates in the regulation of physiological mechanisms of anxiety (Su, T. P. Read More

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Sequential Antioxidants Foliar Application Can Alleviate Negative Consequences of Salinity Stress in L.

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 2;10(5). Epub 2021 May 2.

Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, Fayoum 63514, Egypt.

Salinity is one of the most limiting abiotic stresses in agricultural productivity. Exogenously applied antioxidants successfully enabled salt-stressed plants to cope with stress. Two-season field experiments were conducted consecutively in 2016/17 and 2017/18 to study the effects of foliar applications of singular (ascorbate, AsA; proline, Pro; and glutathione, GSH) or sequential (AsA-Pro-GSH and GSH-Pro-AsA) antioxidants on growth, yield, physio-biochemical attributes, and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidative defense system of L. Read More

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Impact of Inter-Hospital Transfer on Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Emergency Abdominal Surgery: A Tertiary Referral Center's Perspective.

World J Surg 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Visceral Surgery and Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, 3010, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: In trauma patients, the impact of inter-hospital transfer has been widely studied. However, for patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery (EAS), the effect of inter-hospital transfer on outcomes is largely unknown.

Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective observational study. Read More

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Program evaluation of a student-led peer support service at a Canadian university.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2021 May 31;15(1):54. Epub 2021 May 31.

McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Background: University students often experience numerous financial, social and emotional stressors that can affect their mental health. The Peer Support Centre (PSC) is a pilot project that was established to provide peer support to students in these stressful conditions. We wanted to investigate whether peer support is a viable form of support that would benefit university students. Read More

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Racial and ethnic disparities in opioid use for adolescents at US emergency departments.

BMC Pediatr 2021 05 31;21(1):252. Epub 2021 May 31.

Center on Stress & Health, University of California School of Medicine, Irvine, USA.

Background: Racial/ethnic disparities in the use of opioids to treat pain disorders have been previously reported in the emergency department (ED). Further research is needed to better evaluate the impact race/ethnicity may have on the use of opioids in adolescents for the management of pain disorders in the ED.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006 to 2016. Read More

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Emotional intelligence as an indicator of coping skills among undergraduate dental students at Peshawar: A correlational study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Mar;71(3):806-809

Institute of Health Professions Education & Research, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine correlation between emotional intelligence and academic stress.

Methods: The quantitative correlational study was conducted in 2016 at the Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan, and comprised undergraduate dental students in the 2015-16 session regardless of age, gender and the academic year. Emotional intelligence and dental environmental stress were calculated and compared. Read More

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Factors influencing the perceived health status of older adults living alone based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016-2018).

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 May 14;96:104433. Epub 2021 May 14.

Professor, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Purpose: Older adults living alone have a lower level of health due to functional degradation and social isolation, and hence, it is important to assess their health condition and health-related factors. In this study we intended to evaluate the factors influencing the perceived health status of older adults living alone in Korea.

Materials And Methods: Data from the 7th (2016-2018) Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were used. Read More

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A systematic review of stem cell therapy treatment for women suffering from stress urinary incontinence.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Background: Stem cell therapy (SCT) is used for regeneration of injures tissues. This seems as a novel promising strategy for restoring urethral sphincter function in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Objective: To summarize the clinical trials available to date, on SCT for treatment of SUI in women. Read More

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[The third version of COPSOQ-Istas21. An updated international instrument for the workplace.]

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2021 May 28;95. Epub 2021 May 28.

Research group on Psychosocial risks. Organization of Work and Health (POWAH). Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Barcelona. España.

Objective: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questio-nnaire (COPSOQ) is one of the most widely used in research and psychosocial risk assessment in the workplace. The adaptation of the third international COPSOQ version to Spain is described and the evidence of its validity and reliability presented.

Methods: Most of the items were already part of the previous versions I and II. Read More

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Spatial Variation in Very Preterm Birth to Hispanic Women Across the United States: The Role of Intensified Immigration Enforcement.

Ethn Dis 2021 20;31(Suppl 1):333-344. Epub 2021 May 20.

Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Atlanta, GA.

Introduction: Limited existing research suggests that immigration climate and enforcement practices represent a social determinant of health for immigrants, their families, and communities. However, national research on the impact of specific policies is limited. The goal of this article is to estimate the effect of county-level participation in a 287(g) immigration enforcement agreement on very preterm birth (VPTB, <32 weeks' gestation) rates between 2005-2016 among US-born and foreign-born Hispanic women across the United States. Read More

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Development and validation of the Continuous Traumatic Stress Response scale (CTSR) among adults exposed to ongoing security threats.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(5):e0251724. Epub 2021 May 27.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva, Israel.

Background: Current diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) do not include symptoms resulting from exposure to continuous or ongoing traumatic stress. Thus existing assessment tools do not fully capture stress symptoms associated with exposure to threats that extend over months or years. To address this void, we enumerated the symptoms associate with ongoing exposure to stress including those that are distinct from existing PTSD diagnostic criteria. Read More

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Pre-Existing Psychiatric Illness Is Associated With an Increased Risk of Delirium in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

J Intensive Care Med 2021 May 27:8850666211019009. Epub 2021 May 27.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Background: Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are highly susceptible to developing delirium for a multitude of reasons. Previous studies have linked pre-existing depression with an increased risk of postoperative delirium in patients undergoing cardiac and non-cardiac surgery. However, the evidence regarding the association between pre-existing psychiatric illnesses and delirium in ARDS patients is unknown. Read More

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A study on the anxiety level and stress during Covid19 lockdown among the general population of West Bengal, India- A must know for primary care physicians.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Feb 27;10(2):978-984. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Senior Consultant, Department of Gastroenterology, Peerless Hospitex Hospital and Research Centre Ltd, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Covid19 pandemic has resulted in drastic changes in human lives across the globe in the form of lockdown and an uncertain future. Information regarding the COVID-19-related anxiety and well-being among the public in India is very limited, especially from the state of West Bengal. We conducted this e-survey among the general population of West Bengal to assess the anxiety levels and the well-being status during lockdown. Read More

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February 2021