19,123 results match your criteria 2015 october

First Report of Causing Target Spot on Soybean in Taiwan.

Plant Dis 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Michigan State University, Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences, 578 Wilson Rd, CIPS104, East Lansing, United States, 48824;

Soybean ( [L.] Merr.) is an important crop in Taiwan. Read More

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Molecular Detection of Influenza A and B Viruses in Four Consecutive Influenza Seasons 2015-16 to 2018-19 in a Tertiary Center in Western Saudi Arabia.

J Epidemiol Glob Health 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahad Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Influenza infection poses a significant public health threat. The core for disease prevention and control relies on strengthened surveillance activities, particularly in Saudi Arabia, the country that hosts the largest annual mass gathering event worldwide. This study aimed to assess the molecular and seasonal pattern of influenza virus subtypes in western Saudi Arabia to inform policy decisions on influenza vaccine. Read More

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Where Are the Newly Diagnosed HIV Positives in Kenya? Time to Consider Geo-Spatially Guided Targeting at a Finer Scale to Reach the "First 90".

Front Public Health 2021 23;9:503555. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

The UNAIDS 90-90-90 Fast-Track targets provide a framework for assessing coverage of HIV testing services (HTS) and awareness of HIV status - the "first 90." In Kenya, the bulk of HIV testing targets are aligned to the five highest HIV-burden counties. However, we do not know if most of the new HIV diagnoses are in these five highest-burden counties or elsewhere. Read More

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The safety and efficacy of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy retrograde intrarenal surgery for treatment of renal lithiasis in pelvic ectopic kidney: an exploratory pilot study.

Junfeng Wu Jun Shen

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Apr;10(4):1734-1742

Department of Urology, Qiandongnan People's Hospital Affiliated to Guizhou Medical University, Kaili, China.

Background: To compare the safety and efficacy of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the treatment of renal lithiasis in patients with pelvic ectopic kidney.

Methods: From January 2015 to October 2017, mini-PCNL and RIRS were performed in ten patients diagnosed with lithiasis in pelvic ectopic kidneys, including three cases under laparoscopy-assisted mini-PCNL. Patient demographics and perioperative characteristics (age, gender, BMI, side of pelvic kidney, stone size, stone number, stone location, special medical history, and ASA physical status classification), and operative and post-operative related details (operation time, hospital stay, blood loss, VAS, analgesic requirement, complications, and stone free outcome) were reviewed. Read More

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Completion Rates of Advance Directives in a Trauma Emergency Room: Association with Age.

Emerg Med Int 2021 20;2021:5537599. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Lahn-Dill-Kliniken, Dillenburg, Germany.

An advance directive (AD) is a written legal document in which a person can express wishes and preferences for medical treatment for the moment when that person is no longer able to make medical decisions because of a serious illness or injury. While ADs have emerged in public, it is unclear, how many adults in Germany have completed an AD, and frequencies differ among different patient cohorts and medical settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate how many patients visiting a trauma emergency room (ER) in an academic teaching hospital had completed an AD. Read More

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Endovascular treatment of hemodialysis-induced lower limb artery ischemia: retrospective analysis from a single center.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr;10(4):4661-4669

Department of Nephrology, Wuxi Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wuxi, China.

Background: Critical limb artery ischemia is one of common complications after hemodialysis, with endovascular therapy (EVT) having become its first-line treatment. There is no relevant study investigating the relationship between EVT and the prognosis of hemodialysis patients with critical lower limb ischemia, the most common site of vascular dysfunction.

Methods: This was a retrospective, nonrandomized, single-center study. Read More

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Catheter-Based Interventions vs. Medical and Surgical approaches in Acute Pulmonary Embolism.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Surgery, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: Catheter-based interventions (CBI) are an increasingly popular option for treating pulmonary embolism (PE), but the real benefits are unknown. The purpose of this study is to compare the outcomes of patients treated with CBI vs. those treated with medical or surgical approaches. Read More

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Clinical implications of bronchoscopy for immune checkpoint inhibitor-related pneumonitis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

BMC Pulm Med 2021 May 8;21(1):155. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osakasayama, Osaka, Japan.

Background: The utility of bronchoscopy for patients with suspected immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI)-related pneumonitis is currently debatable. The purpose of this study was to examine the findings of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) analysis and transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with ICI-related pneumonitis, and to elucidate the clinical significance of bronchoscopy for this health condition.

Patients And Methods: Consecutive NSCLC patients treated with ICIs, diagnosed with ICI-related pneumonitis after undergoing bronchoscopy between October 2015 and March 2019 were retrospectively screened. Read More

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Use of low dose vaginal misoprostol in office hysteroscopy: a pre-post interventional study.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Dec 2:1-5. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA.

A pre-post interventional study of patients undergoing office hysteroscopy alone and in combination with endometrial biopsy was performed during October 2015-March 2018 to evaluate the effect of low dose vaginal misoprostol on patient's pain. Pain scores were assessed using the visual analog scale at the completion of the procedure. There were 646 patients included in the study. Read More

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December 2020

Comorbidity Burden and Adverse Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 May 7:e018978. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Cardiology Tufts Medical Center Boston MA.

Background Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become the preferred treatment for symptomatic patients with aortic stenosis and elevated procedural risk. Many deaths following TAVR are because of noncardiac causes and comorbid disease burden may be a major determinant of postprocedure outcomes. The prevalence of comorbid conditions and associations with outcomes after TAVR has not been studied. Read More

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Clobetasol Compared With Fractionated Carbon Dioxide Laser for Lichen Sclerosus: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Section of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, MedStar Washington Hospital Center and Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC; the Department of Biostatistics, Medstar Health Research Institute, Hyattsville, Maryland; the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Magee-Womens Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Health System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; the Department of Urogynecology, Brown Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island; and the Department of Subspecialty Care for Women's Health, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Objective: To compare 6-month safety and efficacy outcomes of fractionated CO2 laser (laser) with topical clobetasol propionate (steroid) for treatment of symptomatic vulvar lichen sclerosus.

Methods: We conducted a single-center randomized controlled trial that compared fractionated CO2 laser with steroid treatment for patients with biopsy-proven lichen sclerosus. Randomization was stratified by prior clobetasol propionate use. Read More

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Ambient urban N deposition drives increased biomass and total plant N in two native prairie grass species in the U.S. Southern Great Plains.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0251089. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Biology, University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, Texas, United States of America.

Remnants of native tallgrass prairie experience elevated atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition in urban areas, with potential effects on species traits that are important for N cycling and species composition. We quantified bulk (primarily wet) inorganic N (NH4+-N + NO3--N) deposition at six sites along an urban development gradient (6-64% urban) in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area from April 2014 to October 2015. In addition, we conducted a phytometer experiment with two common native prairie bunchgrass species--one well studied (Schizachyrium scoparium) and one little studied (Nasella leucotricha)--to investigate ambient N deposition effects on plant biomass and tissue quality. Read More

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Effects of Judet Quadricepsplasty in the Treatment of Post-traumatic Extension Contracture of the Knee.

Orthop Surg 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes and the affecting factors of Judet's quadricepsplasty on the stiffness of post-traumatic knee flexion.

Methods: A retrospective survey was analyzed from June 2015 to October 2018. A total of 15 patients (eight males, seven females; mean age, 48. Read More

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A cluster-randomized controlled trial of a combination HIV risk reduction and microfinance intervention for female sex workers who use drugs in Kazakhstan.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 May;24(5):e25682

Global Health Research Center of Central Asia, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY, USA.

Introduction: Female sex workers (FSW) who use drugs are a key population at risk of HIV in Kazakhstan, and face multiple structural barriers to HIV prevention. More research is needed on the role of structural interventions such as microfinance (MF) in reducing HIV risk. This paper describes the results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a combination HIVRR + MF intervention in reducing biologically confirmed STIs and HIV risk behaviours. Read More

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Clinical outcomes associated with prostate cancer conspicuity on biparametric and multiparametric MRI: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy.

BMJ Open 2021 May 5;11(5):e047664. Epub 2021 May 5.

UCL Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK

Introduction: There is an increasing body of evidence to suggest that visibility of prostate cancer on magnetic resonance (MRI) may be related to likelihood of adverse pathological outcomes. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy remains a significant clinical challenge and a means of predicting likelihood of this prior to surgery could inform treatment choice. It appears that MRI could be a potential candidate strategy for BCR prediction, and as such, there is a need to review extant literature on the prognostic capability of MRI. Read More

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Closed incision negative pressure wound therapy versus standard dressings in obese women undergoing caesarean section: multicentre parallel group randomised controlled trial.

BMJ 2021 05 5;373:n893. Epub 2021 May 5.

National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence in Wiser Wound Care, Menzies Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of closed incision negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) compared with standard dressings in preventing surgical site infection (SSI) in obese women undergoing caesarean section.

Design: Multicentre, pragmatic, randomised, controlled, parallel group, superiority trial.

Setting: Four Australian tertiary hospitals between October 2015 and November 2019. Read More

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Analysis of related risk factors of lung metastasis after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e24480

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Chongqing, China.

Abstract: To explore the risk factors of lung metastasis in patients after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) of cervical cancer (CC).The clinical data of CC patients with clinical stage of IA1-IIA2 diagnosed in our hospital from April 2007 to October 2015 were collected. According to the situation of metastasis, the patients were divided into lung metastasis (n = 73) and non-lung metastasis group (n = 2076). Read More

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In vitro and pilot in vivo imaging of 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) in inflammatory vascular disease.

EJNMMI Res 2021 May 5;11(1):45. Epub 2021 May 5.

Nuclear Medicine Department, University Hospital of Bordeaux, 33076, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Inflammatory vascular disease of the arteries, such as inflamed atheromatous plaques or arteritis, may cause aneurysms or ischemic strokes. In this context, using positron emission tomography (PET) to image inflammation may help select patients who would benefit from appropriate therapeutic interventions. This study sought to assess the usefulness of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) tracers [C]-PBR28 and [F]-PBR06 for imaging inflammatory vascular disease in vitro and in vivo. Read More

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Decomposition of leaf litter in the Brazilian savanna on limestone and sandstone Neosols.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2021 30;93(3):e20200372. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação de Recursos Naturais, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Instituto de Biologia, Rua João Naves de Ávila, 2121, Umuarama, 38405-320 Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.

Litter decomposition in the soil is an important stage of the nutrient cycling process that interferes with functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Soil fertility and litter nutritional quality are fundamental factors that affect decomposition efficiency of plant residues. We evaluated decomposition in two areas of 'cerrado sensu stricto', each with a type of Neosol - limestone (eutrophic) and sandstone (dystrophic). Read More

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Trauma Tertiary Survey: Trauma Service Medical Officers and Trauma Nurses Detect Similar Rates of Missed Injuries.

J Trauma Nurs 2021 May-Jun 01;28(3):166-172

Trauma Service (Mss Williamson and Grant and Mr Handy) and Jamieson Trauma Institute (Mss Williamson and Warren and Mr Handy), Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Herston, Queensland, Australia; and Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia (Ms Williamson).

Background: Trauma tertiary surveys (TTSs) can improve patient outcomes by identifying missed injuries following initial trauma reception and resuscitation. Most TTSs are conducted by medical officers despite the multidisciplinary team approach of modern trauma care.

Objective: The study aim was to assess the accuracy of detecting missed injuries when the TTS was performed by specialist trauma nursing staff, rather than trauma service medical officers (TSMOs). Read More

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Distribution of Pathogen Resources by the National Culture Collection for Pathogens in South Korea from 2015 to 2019.

Biopreserv Biobank 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Pathogen Resource Management, Center for Public Vaccine Development and Support, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency, Cheongju-si, South Korea.

The National Culture Collection for Pathogens (NCCP) in the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) is in charge of the collection, quality control, and commercialization of pathogens and of information on pathogens that cause infectious diseases, and distributes them to be utilized for promoting public health and the health care industry. Since the NCCP Task Force was established in 2009 and the law for collection, management, and exploitation of pathogen resources became effective in 2017, NCCP has been responsible for the deposition, registration, and preservation of pathogen resources. Herein, we provide information on the recent status of pathogen resource distribution over the past 5 years and pathogen resources that are available for distribution presently. Read More

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ICD-10 Coding of Musculoskeletal Conditions in the Veterans Health Administration.

Pain Med 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Pain Research, Informatics, Multimorbidities, and Education (PRIME) Center, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT.

Objective: We describe the most frequently used musculoskeletal diagnoses in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. We report the number of visits and patients associated with common musculoskeletal ICD-10 codes and compare trends across primary and specialty care settings.

Design: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal cohort study. Read More

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Costing total hip arthroplasty in a South African state tertiary hospital.

S Afr Med J 2021 Mar 2;111(3):250-254. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Most South Africans depend on the public sector for health services. There is an increasing demand for arthroplasty in the public sector, but a paucity of academic data regarding its cost.

Objectives: To: (i) identify the factors that determine the cost of an uncomplicated primary hip arthroplasty; and (ii) make recommendations on cost optimisation. Read More

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Pooled prevalence of three major cardiovascular risk factors in patients undergoing left main bifurcation stenting: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Minerva Cardiol Angiol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Cardiology, Rovigo General Hospital, Rovigo, Italy.

Background: Prevalence of the major risk factors in patients with Left Main (LM) bifurcation disease has not been yet clearly assessed, although it would important for building up bifurcation computational models. We perform a systematic review and metaanalysis on the three major cardiovascular risk factors in patients treated for LM bifurcation disease using either single or 2-stent strategy.

Mehtods: In accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed and Google Scholar were queried to locate articles published between January 2015 to October 2020, comparing single- versus 2-stent strategy and reporting the prevalence of arterial hypertension (HT), hyperlipidaemia (HyperL) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Read More

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Accuracy of mandibular proximal segment position using virtual surgical planning and custom osteosynthesis plates.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Orthodontic Department, UWA Dental School, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of custom osteosynthesis plates increased the accuracy of proximal segment position following bilateral sagittal split osteotomy in a cohort of 30 patients when compared to a control group of 25 patients who had surgery with conventional plates. Surgery was performed by a single surgeon between October 2015 and December 2017. Post-surgical cone beam computed tomography scans were segmented using Mimics Innovation Suite (Materialise NV), and surface-based superimposition was achieved using ProPlan CMF (Materialise NV). Read More

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Associations of perfluorooctane sulfonate alternatives and serum lipids in Chinese adults.

Environ Int 2021 Apr 30;155:106596. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Environmental Pollution and Health Risk Assessment, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China. Electronic address:

Background: Chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonic acids (Cl-PFESAs), a group of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) alternatives, can be widely observed in humans and environmental matrices. However, associations between exposure to Cl-PFESAs and serum lipid levels in adults are unknown.

Objective: To explore the relationships between Cl-PFESA levels and serum lipid levels in adults. Read More

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Rethinking strategies for blood transfusion in hip fracture patients.

OTA Int 2020 Sep 29;3(3):e083. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY.

Objectives: Most patients can tolerate a hemoglobin (Hgb) > 8 g per deciliter. In some cases, however, transfusion will delay physical therapy and hospital discharge. This study aims to review Hgb and transfusion data for a large volume of recent hip fracture patients in order to identify new opportunities for decreasing the length of hospital stay. Read More

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September 2020

Risk factors related to size and volume of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm after catheter angiography: a single-center study.

Turk J Med Sci 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Background/aim: Evaluate the risk factors leading to pseudoaneurysms' size and volume after percutaneous catheter angiography by the different clinics.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the ultrasound scans in the hospital database and picture archiving system (PACS) and enrolled a total of 132 patients during the period from October 2015 and December 2019. We evaluated the patient and procedure-related factors with the diameter and volume of the pseudoaneurysm after angiography. Read More

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Evolutionary history of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (clade circulating in Taiwan during 2015-2018.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Apr 28:104885. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Animal Health Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus A/goose/Guangdong/1/96 H5N1 (Gs/GD) lineage has been transmitted globally and has caused deaths in wild birds, poultry, and humans. Clade 2.3. Read More

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Open fetal myelomeningocele repair at a university hospital: surgery and pregnancy outcomes.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Disciplina de Obstetricia, Departamento de Obstetricia e Ginecologia, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Avenida Dr. Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255 - 10° andar - Cerqueira Cesar, Sao Paulo, CEP 05403-000, Brazil.

Purpose: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is an open neural tube defect that causes great morbidity. Prenatal open repair is the standard treatment; however, there are many complications related to the procedure. This study reports preliminary findings of open in utero repair of MMC in a public tertiary hospital in Brazil and describes factors that could be associated with increased surgical morbidity. Read More

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