678 results match your criteria 2007-2011 hospital

Rotavirus vaccination in Japan: Efficacy and safety of vaccines, changes in genotype, and surveillance efforts.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, 060-8543, Japan.

In Japan, a monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) and a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) were launched as voluntary vaccinations in November 2011 and July 2012, respectively. Rotavirus (RV) vaccine coverage in Japan increased from 30.0% in 2012 to 78. Read More

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High coverage of diverse invasive meningococcal serogroup B strains by the 4-component vaccine 4CMenB in Australia, 2007-2011: Concordant predictions between MATS and genetic MATS.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Apr 13:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Queensland Paediatric Infectious Disease Laboratory, Children's Health Queensland Hospitals and Health Service, Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) accounts for an important proportion of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). The 4-component vaccine against MenB (4CMenB) is composed of factor H binding protein (fHbp), neisserial heparin-binding antigen (NHBA), adhesin A (NadA), and outer membrane vesicles of the New Zealand strain with Porin 1.4. Read More

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Risk factors for perforated marginal ulcers following pancreaticoduodenectomy and prospective analysis of marginal ulcer development.

Gland Surg 2021 Feb;10(2):739-750

Department of General and Visceral Surgery, St. Josef Hospital, Ruhr-University Bochum, Gudrunstrasse 56, 44791 Bochum, Germany.

Background: Perforated marginal ulcers (PMUs) are a feared long-term complication following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), which always require relaparotomy compared to marginal ulcers.

Methods: First, we performed a retrospective chart review for all patients who underwent PD from 2007-2016 to identify incidence and risk factors associated with PMUs. Second, we analyzed follow up gastroscopies in all patients undergoing PD from 2007-2011 to identify the overall incidence of marginal ulcers. Read More

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February 2021

Incidental lesions in appendectomy specimens: Rare or rarely sampled?

North Clin Istanb 2021 23;8(1):71-75. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of General Surgery, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: During the microscopic examination of the specimens after appendectomy operations performed due to acute appendicitis, pathologists may encounter some incidental and unusual lesions. Appendectomy specimens are sampled as 3 sections/1 paraffin block in many centers. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether multiple and dense sampling of appendix specimens has an impact on the incidence of incidental lesions of the appendix. Read More

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Temporal changes in the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease in patients following myocardial revascularization.

Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej 2020 Dec 29;16(4):422-428. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

First Department of Cardiology, Interventional Electrocardiology and Hypertension, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.

Introduction: Well-organized, effective secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD) has a potential to improve the patients' prognosis following myocardial revascularization procedures.

Aim: To evaluate overtime changes in the implementation of the ESC guidelines for secondary prevention by assessing control of the main risk factors and the rate of cardioprotective drug use in patients following myocardial revascularization procedures.

Material And Methods: Patients aged < 81 years who had been hospitalized for a myocardial revascularization procedure in five hospitals serving Krakow and surrounding districts were recruited and interviewed 6-18 months following discharge. Read More

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December 2020

Burden of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) over a 10-year period in Bogotá, Colombia.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Feb 11;105:32-39. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Universidad de la Sabana, Chía, Colombia; Clínica Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Colombia. Electronic address:

Background: Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is the leading cause of infectious death worldwide. This study aimed to describe the epidemiology of IPD and the impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine-10 (PCV-10) over a 10-year period in Bogotá, Colombia.

Methods: This was a laboratory-based surveillance study of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from patients with IPD from 82 hospitals over 10 years in Bogotá, Colombia. Read More

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February 2021

High-resolution mapping of reproductive tract infections among women of childbearing age in Bangladesh: a spatial-temporal analysis of the demographic and health survey.

BMC Public Health 2021 Feb 12;21(1):342. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Medical Statistics, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) have become major but silent public health problems devastating women's lives in Bangladesh. Accurately and precisely identifying high-risk areas of RTIs through high-resolution risk maps is meaningful for resource-limited settings.

Methods: We obtained data reported with RTI symptoms by women of childbearing age in the years 2007, 2011 and 2014 from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Read More

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February 2021

Obesity in patients with established coronary artery disease over a 20-year period (1997-2017).

Pol Arch Intern Med 2021 Jan 8;131(1):26-32. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Background: Body mass reduction in overweight and obese people so as to reduce blood pressure, low‑density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and the risk of type 2 diabetes as well as to lower the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events is strongly recommended in current guidelines.

Objectives: To evaluate changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference in patients with established coronary artery disease over a 20‑year period (1997-2017).

Patients And Methods: Consecutive patients younger than 71 years of age and hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome or myocardial revascularization procedures were recruited and interviewed 6 to 18 months after their discharge from hospital. Read More

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January 2021

Probabilistic transmission models incorporating sequencing data for healthcare-associated Clostridioides difficile outperform heuristic rules and identify strain-specific differences in transmission.

PLoS Comput Biol 2021 Jan 14;17(1):e1008417. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Big Data Institute, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.

Fitting stochastic transmission models to electronic patient data can offer detailed insights into the transmission of healthcare-associated infections and improve infection control. Pathogen whole-genome sequencing may improve the precision of model inferences, but computational constraints have limited modelling applications predominantly to small datasets and specific outbreaks, whereas large-scale sequencing studies have mostly relied on simple rules for identifying/excluding plausible transmission. We present a novel approach for integrating detailed epidemiological data on patient contact networks in hospitals with large-scale pathogen sequencing data. Read More

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January 2021

Mortality Among Neutropenic Cancer Patients Within the United States: The Association With Hospital Volume.

JCO Oncol Pract 2021 Apr 13;17(4):e582-e592. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Institute of Oncology, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Purpose: Neutropenia is a serious complication of chemotherapy in patients with solid tumors. The influence of hospital volume on outcomes in patients with neutropenia has been little investigated. We hypothesized that large-volume hospitals would have reduced mortality rates for neutropenic patients compared with small-volume institutions. Read More

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Health Service Utilization Patterns Among Adults With Congenital Heart Disease: A Population-Based Study.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Jan 12;10(2):e018037. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv Israel.

Background Several studies have examined hospitalizations among patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Few investigated other services or utilization patterns. Our aim was to study service utilization patterns and predictors among patients with ACHD. Read More

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January 2021

Beyond weight: examining the association of obesity with cardiometabolic related inpatient costs among Canadian adults using linked population based survey and hospital administrative data.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jan 11;21(1):54. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Economics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.

Background: The global population has transitioned to one where more adults are living with obesity than are underweight. Obesity is associated with the development of cardiometabolic diseases and widely attributed to increased hospital resource use; however, empirical evidence is limited regarding obesity prevention to support hospital cost containment. This study aims to test for obesity in predicting hospitalization costs for cardiometabolic conditions among the Canadian population aged 45 and over. Read More

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January 2021

Impact of emergency short-stay unit opening on in-hospital global and cardiology indicators.

J Eval Clin Pract 2021 Jan 9. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

Rationale, Aims And Objectives: Emergency short-stay unit (SSU) alleviates emergency department (ED) overcrowding, but may affect in-hospital indicators. Cardiology patients comprise a substantial part of patients admitted at SSU. This study evaluated whether SSU opening differentially modified in-hospital indicators at a whole general hospital and at its cardiology division (CARD). Read More

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January 2021

[Trends in the frequency of obesity and gestational diabetes in an eleven years period].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Aug;148(8):1068-1074

Departamento de Investigación Clínica, Instituto Centenario, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasing along with obesity and gestational age. This prevalence varies in populations and with different guidelines used for the diagnoses.

Aim: To estimate the change in prevalence of GDM and obesity in a period 11 years. Read More

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Sepsis recording in primary care electronic health records, linked hospital episodes and mortality records: Population-based cohort study in England.

PLoS One 2020 31;15(12):e0244764. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, Guy's Campus, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Sepsis is a growing concern for health systems, but the epidemiology of sepsis is poorly characterised. We evaluated sepsis recording across primary care electronic records, hospital episodes and mortality registrations.

Methods And Findings: Cohort study including 378 general practices in England from Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) GOLD database from 2002-2017 with 36,209,676 patient-years of follow-up with linked Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality registrations. Read More

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Frailty as a Prognostic Indicator in Intensive Care.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2020 Oct;117(40):668-673

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonary Diseases and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Düsseldorf University Hospital; Department of Internal Medicine II, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Hadassah-Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel; Cardiovascular Research Institute Düsseldorf (CARID).

Background: The percentage of patients in intensive care who are 80 years old or older is continually increasing. Such patients already made up more than 20% of all patients in intensive care in Germany in the years 2007-2011. Meanwhile, effective treatments that support the organs of the body and keep severely ill patients alive are also being continually developed and refined. Read More

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October 2020

Late first acute rejection in pediatric kidney transplantation: A North American Pediatric Renal Trials and Collaborative Studies special study.

Pediatr Transplant 2020 Dec 22:e13953. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Hypertension and Pheresis, Washington University and St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Rates of early AR in pediatric kidney transplantation have declined in every era but the most recent NAPRTCS cohort has shown an increase in late first AR rates. We hypothesized this was due to an increased proportion of deceased donor utilization and early steroid taper utilization. Using the NAPRTCS database, we compared the most recent three cohorts of patients transplanted between 2002-2006, 2007-2011, and 2012-2017. Read More

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December 2020

Clinical outcomes of management of posterior capsule rupture with air bubble techniques.

Int J Ophthalmol 2020 18;13(12):2007-2011. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, Songpa-gu, Seoul 05505, Republic of Korea.

Aim: To introduce a new surgical technique, air-bubble technique for the management of posterior capsule rupture (PCR) and to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the technique.

Methods: A retrospective case series analysis of 24 eyes of 24 patients, in which the air bubble technique was used for the management of PCR, was performed. Once PCR occurred, a dispersive ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) was injected into the tear. Read More

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December 2020

Limited Predictive Value of the Instability Severity Index Score: Evaluation of 217 Consecutive Cases of Recurrent Anterior Shoulder Instability.

Arthroscopy 2020 Dec 17. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, U.S.A.; The Steadman Clinic, Vail, Colorado, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To review the existing variables and their ability to predict recurrence of shoulder instability as it relates to the Instability Severity Index Score (ISIS), as well as evaluate any other pertinent imaging and patient history variables that may impact risk of recurrent anterior instability after arthroscopic Bankart repair.

Methods: All consecutive patients with recurrent anterior shoulder instability and who had arthroscopic instability repair were identified. Exclusion criteria were prior surgery on the shoulder, posterior or multidirectional instability, instability caused by seizure disorder, or a rotator cuff tear. Read More

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December 2020

Maternal and infant hospitalization costs associated with maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index in California, 2007-2011.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Dec 1:1-10. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: In the United States, the number of pregnant women who are overweight or obese is increasing. While such individuals are at increased risk of pregnancy complications, data regarding costs associated with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and maternal and infant outcomes are lacking.

Objective: To estimate maternal and infant costs associated with pre-pregnancy BMI in a large cohort of pregnant women. Read More

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December 2020

Predicting the progression of mild cognitive impairment using machine learning: A systematic, quantitative and critical review.

Med Image Anal 2021 01 6;67:101848. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Inria, Aramis project-team, Paris, F-75013, France; Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière, ICM, Paris, F-75013, France; Inserm, U 1127, Paris, F-75013, France; CNRS, UMR 7225, Paris, F-75013, France; Sorbonne Université, Paris, F-75013, France.

We performed a systematic review of studies focusing on the automatic prediction of the progression of mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia, and a quantitative analysis of the methodological choices impacting performance. This review included 172 articles, from which 234 experiments were extracted. For each of them, we reported the used data set, the feature types, the algorithm type, performance and potential methodological issues. Read More

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January 2021

Has the Outcome for Patients Who Undergo Resection of Primary Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Changed Over Time? A Study of Time Trends During the Past 15 years.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 18;28(3):1700-1709. Epub 2020 Oct 18.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre/Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

Background: This study aimed to investigate changes in treatment strategy and outcome for patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) undergoing resection at referral centers during a recent period.

Methods: The study enrolled consecutive adult patients with primary non-metastatic RPS who underwent resection with curative intent between 2002 and 2017 at 10 referral centers. The patients were grouped into three periods according to date of surgery: t1 (2002-2006), t2 (2007-2011), and t3 (2012-2017). Read More

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Resident foreign patients receive adequate dialysis but fewer preemptive transplantations: data from the Italian pediatric dialysis registry.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Mar 10;36(3):639-647. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Paediatric Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplant Unit, IRCCS Istituto G Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Sociocultural issues play a key role in children needing kidney replacement therapy (KRT).

Methods: Data of incident patients < 18 years treated with chronic dialysis or preemptive kidney transplantation (pTx) between 2007 and 2016 were retrospectively collected from the Italian Pediatric Dialysis Registry; KRT modality and outcome were compared between patients with at least one non-Italian parent ("resident foreign patients," RFPs) and those from native parents ("domestic patients," DPs) and between the quinquennium 2007-2011 (period 1) and 2012-2016 (period 2).

Results: We included 448 children (26. Read More

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Racial and ethnic differences in medication use among beneficiaries of social security disability insurance with rheumatoid arthritis.

Semin Arthritis Rheum 2020 10 23;50(5):988-995. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Birmingham, AL, United States.

Objective: To determine racial/ethnic differences in the use of conventional synthetic or biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs or bDMARDs, respectively) and long-term glucocorticoids (GC) or opioids among beneficiaries of the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and <65 years old.

Methods: Serial cross-sectional analyses of Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services claims data (2007, 2011, and 2014) for individuals <65 years old with RA receiving SSDI Medicare and Medicaid, no longer working because they were considered disabled. Generalized estimating equation models were used to determine whether the proportion of patients who used csDMARD, bDMARD, long-term GC, and long-term opioids differed by race/ethnicity. Read More

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October 2020

Risk factors of community-onset extended-spectrum β-lactamase Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteraemia: an 11-year population-based case-control-control study in Denmark.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2020 Aug 8. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: To investigate and explore temporal changes in risk factors of community-onset extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteraemia in a region with low antibiotic resistance.

Methods: Population-based case-control study including 223 cases hospitalized with a first-time community-onset ESBL-producing E. coli and K. Read More

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Kidney function and the risk of heart failure in patients with new-onset atrial fibrillation.

Int J Cardiol 2020 Dec 6;320:101-105. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

Department of Cardiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Sweden; Department of Medicine Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden. Electronic address:

Aims: Heart failure (HF) is the most common complication of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but possible risk factors or health consequences are not well described. Low kidney function is a risk factor for both AF and HF. We evaluated estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) as a predictor of HF in patients with AF, and then quantified the adverse health outcomes associated to incident HF. Read More

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December 2020

Thematic Maps of the Impact of Urbanization and Socioeconomic Factors on the Distribution of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Cases in Sefrou Province, Central North of Morocco (2007-2011).

Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis 2020 14;2020:8673091. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Laboratory of Biotechnology and Preservation of Natural Resources, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30000, Morocco.

Background: Leishmaniases are vector-borne diseases with health risks. They cause a big health problem. These parasitic diseases are transmitted by the parasite of the genus through sandflies. Read More

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Improved survival and survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low birth weight infants after active perinatal care.

Niger J Clin Pract 2020 Jul;23(7):980-987

Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Perinatal and neonatal care for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants have changed significantly during the past two decades. However, it is unclear how these changes have affected neonatal mortality and morbidity in developing countries.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the advanced neonatal care on short-term outcomes of VLBW infants. Read More

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Anaemia, iron deficiency and heart failure in 2020: facts and numbers.

ESC Heart Fail 2020 10 30;7(5):2007-2011. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Cardiology & Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies (BCRT), German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), Partner Site Berlin, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Campus CVK), Berlin, Germany.

Anaemia is defined by WHO as Hb < 13.0 g/dL in male adults and <12.0 g/dL in female adults. Read More

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October 2020

The impact of increased chest compression fraction on survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with a non-shockable initial rhythm.

Resuscitation 2020 09 20;154:93-100. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objective: We evaluated the effect of chest compression fraction (CCF) on survival to hospital discharge and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients with non-shockable rhythms.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis (completed in 2016) of a prospective cohort study which included OHCA patients from ten U.S. Read More

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September 2020