137 results match your criteria 20 century British history[Journal]


'You Can't Dismiss that as Being Less Happy, You See it is Different'. Sexual Counselling in 1950s England.

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Cambridge University and St John's College.

This article uses the audio recordings of sexual counselling sessions carried out by Dr Joan Malleson, a birth control activist and committed family planning doctor in the early 1950s, which are held at the Wellcome Library in London as a case study to explore the ways Malleson and the patients mobilised emotions for respectively managing sexual problems and expressing what they understood as constituting a 'good sexuality' in postwar Britain. The article contains two interrelated arguments. First, it argues that Malleson used a psychological framework to inform her clinical work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz008DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Erratum.

Authors:

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz009DOI Listing

Corrigendum.

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20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz007DOI Listing

Toffee Men, Travelling Drapers and Black-Market Perfumers-South Asian Networks of Petty Trade in Early Twentieth Century Britain.

Authors:
David Holland

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

University of Sheffield.

Selling small wares, novelties, and affordable luxuries manufactured from artificial silk, the South Asian door-to-door pedlar or 'travelling draper', and his compatriot the 'Indian toffee man', were once fairly commonplace figures in British working-class life and the object of fond childhood recollections for many. Unfortunately, they have now largely drifted from popular memory, having left little trace in the historical record. However, this article's reconstruction of their lives offers a new perspective on the pivotal role inter-racial social networks played in pioneering South Asian immigration, settlement, and trade in Britain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz003DOI Listing

A 'Radical Project': Youth Culture, Leisure, and Politics in 1980s Sheffield.

Authors:
Sarah Kenny

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of History, University of Birmingham.

The Leadmill, a cooperative arts centre and nightclub in Sheffield, opened in 1980. The venue sought to provide an accessible leisure space for the economically and socially marginalized, and received funding for this from Sheffield City Council. Focusing on the cultural policies of the new urban left Labour Council in Sheffield during the 1980s, this article explores the relationship between Sheffield City Council and the Leadmill. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz006DOI Listing

Socialist Television Drama, Newspaper Critics and the Battle of Ideas During the Crisis of Britain's Post-War Settlement.

Authors:
Steven Fielding

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

School of Politics and International Relations, University of Nottingham, UK.

Due to the difficult methodological issues it presents, political historians are wary of using television - the most important mass medium of the later twentieth century - as a means of exploring vernacular political thinking. Attempting to show how television audiences were encouraged to think politically, the article outlines a method generated through an engagement with the work of disciplines beyond history, to help political historians more systematically assess the medium's popular impact. The article takes as its case study Britain during the 1970s, one of the most ideologically contested periods in the country's history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz004DOI Listing

'Secret Lists and Sanctions': The Blacklisting of the John Lewis Partnership and the Politics of Pay in 1970s Britain.

Authors:
Alix R Green

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of Essex, UK.

In 1977, the John Lewis Partnership (JLP) was blacklisted for breaching the Labour government's pay controls under the Social Contract. As the Callaghan administration struggled to establish economic credibility, extending its reach into the private sector emerged as a political priority. JLP became a test case of government resolve months before the Ford strike of autumn 1978 that ushered in the Winter of Discontent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy056DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

First Aid and Voluntarism in England, 1945-85.

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Feb 3. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

University of Hull, UK.

First aid was the focus of growing voluntary activity in the post-war decades. Despite the advent of the National Health Service in 1948, increased numbers of people volunteered to learn, teach, and administer first aid as concern about health and safety infiltrated new activities and arenas. In this article we use the example of the Voluntary Aid Societies (VAS, focusing in particular on St John Ambulance) to highlight continuities and change in the relationship between state and voluntary sector in health and welfare provision during the four decades after 1945. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy043DOI Listing
February 2019

Counterculture, Local Authorities and British Christianity at the Windsor and Watchfield Free Festivals (1972-5).

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

University of Chichester, UK.

Four free pop festivals, held in Windsor and Watchfield in 1972-75, attracted significant public attention. This article discusses the aims and ideals of the festivalgoers, the confused reactions of the authorities, the ambivalence of the Anglican Church and the hostility of some conservative groups. We argue that the free festivals mark an important stage in the constitution of the counterculture and that they created a model which later pop festivals (in particular Glastonbury) attempt to emulate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy053DOI Listing
January 2019

Harold Wilson's 'Lavender List' Scandal and the Shifting Moral Economy of Honour.

Authors:
Tobias Harper

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Arizona State University.

Harold Wilson's resignation honours list of 1976 was almost universally condemned by politicians, civil servants, and the press because it contained a number of high honours to individuals who were seen as scandalously lacking in merit. Unknown officials leaked details to the press and used multiple internal mechanisms, including the Political Honours Scrutiny Committee, to try to block the list, but Wilson pushed it through. This article examines the controversy around the list in terms of how the various parties involved used ideas about scandal, honour, and merit to discredit Wilson, his secretary Marcia Falkender and the honours nominees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy048DOI Listing
December 2018

"The British Soldier is no Bolshevik": The British Army, Discipline, and the Demobilization Strikes of 1919.

Authors:
William Butler

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University of Kent, UK.

This article considers the breakdown in discipline in the British Army which occurred in Britain and on the Western Front during the process of demobilization at the end of the First World War. Many soldiers, retained in the army immediately after the Armistice, went on strike, and some formed elected committees, demanding their swifter return to civilian life. Their perception was that the existing demobilization system was unjust, and men were soon organized by those more politically conscious members of the armed forces who had enlisted for the duration of the war. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy044DOI Listing
December 2018

Labour Activism and the Political Self in Inter-War Working-Class Women's Politics.

Authors:
Stephanie Ward

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar;30(1):29-52

Cardiff University, UK.

This article explores working-class women's experiences of political activism in the Labour Party in the 1930s. The article focuses upon the relationships formed with leaders, the bonds with fellow women, and the emotional fulfilment politics could bring, rather than considering the policies and campaigns which drew women into the party. It suggests how working-class women performed a political self which was shaped by but distinctive from a domestic self. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy047DOI Listing

A 'Mixture of Britannia and Boadicea': Dorothy Crisp's Conservatism and the Limits of Right-Wing Women's Political Activism, 1927-48.

Authors:
Gary Love

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.

Dorothy Crisp is known for being the militant Chairman of the British Housewives League (BHL) after the Second World War, but historians have failed to recognize that her views and actions were the culmination of over twenty years of right-wing journalism and political activism through which she tried to influence the Conservative Party. This article re-evaluates Crisp's Conservatism and her political career. It asks why such a powerful pro-Conservative female activist failed to secure a place within Conservative politics during the 1930s and the 1940s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy042DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Family Politics: Campaigning for Child Benefits in the 1980s.

Authors:
Ruth Davidson

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Child benefit was seen by some to encourage the sort of welfare dependency that the moralistic individualism of Thatcherism opposed. Yet, surprisingly, the benefit survived the Thatcher years. Its survival reveals the conundrum the Conservative party have had regarding benefits for the family and family policy more broadly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy035DOI Listing
November 2018

Splinters: Cross-Dressing Ex-Servicemen on the Interwar Stage.

Authors:
Jacob Bloomfield

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar;30(1):1-28

The University of Manchester.

This article will examine how a series of theatrical shows which starred casts of cross-dressing ex-servicemen achieved critical and commercial popularity in interwar Britain despite increased cultural anxieties about the links between gender variance and transgressive acts, behaviours, and categories of identity. Prior to this study, historians have researched wartime concert parties where servicemen cross-dressed for each other's entertainment, but scant attention has been given to the popular phenomenon of ex-servicemen who performed cross-dressing revues for the general public. Staging revues on the home front exposed cross-dressing ex-servicemen to new forms of spectatorship: the theatregoing public, arts criticism in the press, and state censorship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy037DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Corrigendum.

Authors:

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy036DOI Listing
October 2018

King Caz: Cazenove, Thatcherism, and the 1980s financial revolution.

Authors:
Emma Barrett

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar;30(1):108-131

University of Birmingham, UK.

This article shows how elite stockbrokers Cazenove and Co. responded to the 'Big Bang' deregulation of the financial sector in 1986, using social networks and inherited practices to navigate an ostensibly technical and modernizing revolution. The Thatcher administration's reform of the London Stock Exchange was an economic enterprise intended to end restrictive practices and open the City to competition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy012DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Stateless Persons, Eligible Citizens and Protected Places: The British Nationality Act in Vanuatu.

Authors:
Gregory Rawlings

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar;30(1):53-80

University of Otago.

The British Nationality Act (BNA) of 1948 was designed to provide a form of supranational citizenship to accommodate the separate nationality provisions that were beginning to proliferate as a result of constitutional change within the late empire, decolonization and the formation of the Commonwealth. Under the provisions of the BNA, members of the Commonwealth would continue to be unified by transnational forms of citizenship, at least in principle. The Act aimed to cover every political arrangement conceivable in the late empire and early Commonwealth and contributed to the transformation of Great Britain into a multicultural society, by providing the legal vehicle for immigration into the UK in the second half of the twentieth century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy011DOI Listing
March 2019
24 Reads

Multiple Deprivation, the Inner City, and the Fracturing of the Welfare State: Glasgow, c. 1968-78.

Authors:
Aaron Andrews

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec;29(4):605-624

University of Leicester.

From 1968, the central government established a series of area-based initiatives that operated on the basis of 'positive discrimination' towards the social needs of local residents. Over the course of the next 10 years, this area-based positive discrimination became an increasingly important part of social policy in Britain. This article uses Glasgow as a case study to show, first, how both the local and the central government attempted to define the problem of 'multiple deprivation' in the 1970s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy010DOI Listing
December 2018

The Ben Pimlott Memorial Lecture 2017: The Geopolitical Is Personal: India, Britain, and American Foreign Correspondents in the 1930s and 1940s.

Authors:
Deborah Cohen

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Sep;29(3):388-410

Northwestern University.

This lecture explores the shared terrain between the new international history and the history of emotions. In the summer and fall of 1942, American foreign correspondents played a key role in sparking a furore over British rule in India. Drawing on their own first-hand reporting from India, they depicted the British Empire as retrograde and abusive, a dangerous, destabilizing force and a threat to the post-war peace. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy009DOI Listing
September 2018

'Modernization of Our Hospital System': The National Health Service, the Hospital Plan, and the 'Harness' Programme, 1962-77.

Authors:
Alistair Fair

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec;29(4):547-575

University of Edinburgh, UK.

This article augments the literature on the British experience of planning by examining attempts to plan the hospital system between 1962 and 1977. The Hospital Plan for England and Wales of 1962 proposed the construction of a suite of new 'District General Hospitals'. Underpinning this proposal was a belief in the value of standardized designs and construction methods, both of which were subsequently investigated in detail by the Ministry of Health and the Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231428PMC
December 2018

Community Business in Scotland: An Alternative Vision of 'Enterprise Culture', 1979-97.

Authors:
Gillian Murray

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Glasgow Caledonian University, UK.

The force and coherency with which Margaret Thatcher and her inner circle outlined their vision for 'enterprise culture', like so many aspects of Thatcherism, have masked the complexity of its origins and the histories of alternative responses. This article provides a history of an alternative vision for enterprise culture by examining the community business movement in Scotland, the largest experiment of its kind in the UK in the 1980s and a forerunner of social enterprise. Working across Scotland, but with a hub of activity in the Strathclyde region, practitioners worked with local people to find ways to develop their neighbourhood economy while improving their environment, creating jobs, and developing services needed in their area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy007DOI Listing

Aspiration, Agency, and the Production of New Selves in a Scottish New Town, c.1947-c.2016.

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec;29(4):576-604

University of Glasgow.

Narratives of deindustrialization, urban decline and failing public housing and the negative outcomes associated with these processes dominate accounts of post-war Scotland, bolstering the interpretation of Scottish exceptionalism in a British context. Within these accounts working people appear as victims of powerful and long-term external forces suffering sustained and ongoing deleterious vulnerabilities in terms of employment, health, and housing. This article challenges this picture by focusing on the first Scottish new town which made space for working people's aspiration and new models of the self manifested in new lifestyles and social relations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy006DOI Listing
December 2018

Exhibition Review Punk's 40th Anniversary-An Itchy Sort of Heritage.

Authors:
Lucy Robinson

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Jun;29(2):309-317

University of Sussex.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx047DOI Listing

'Free and Equal Partners in Your Commonwealth': The Atlantic Charter and Anticolonial Delegations to London, 1941-3.

Authors:
Mark Reeves

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Jun;29(2):259-283

University of North Carolina, USA.

This article examines the efforts of two anticolonial politicians from the British Empire who used official visits to London and the rhetoric of the Atlantic Charter (14 August 1941) to advance their political careers and self-government for their territories: Burma's U Saw in 1941, and Nigeria's Nnamdi Azikiwe in 1943. Rather than a repetition of the 'Wilsonian moment', these campaigns show how anticolonial forces long active across the Empire took advantage of the opening offered by the Atlantic Charter to make claims on the British government in its wartime weakness. Both U Saw and Azikiwe had been involved in anticolonial politics long before the Charter, but its appearance provided an opportunity to advance their position vis-à-vis political competitors as well as to win concessions from the imperial state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx043DOI Listing

'Cinderella of the Education System': Margaret Thatcher's Plan for Nursery Expansion in 1970s Britain.

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Jun;29(2):284-308

Columbia University, USA.

The Department of Education and Science, led by then Secretary of State Margaret Thatcher, published a White Paper in December 1972 calling for a dramatic expansion of public nursery education, so that it might be available within a decade to all families with 3- and 4-year-old children who chose to utilize it. While this failed policy is seldom remembered today, and Thatcher's efforts to promote the care and education of young children are not considered part of her considerable legacy, the White Paper's policy propositions challenge understandings about the formation and consistency of both Britain's child care policy and 'Thatcherism'. During this period, Thatcher believed that extending the frontiers of the state was appropriate to promote child welfare during the crucial first years of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx034DOI Listing

Housing the Citizen-Consumer in Post-war Britain: The Parker Morris Report, Affluence and the Even Briefer Life of Social Democracy.

Authors:
Alistair Kefford

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Jun;29(2):225-258

University of Manchester, UK.

This article examines debates about the design and provision of post-war housing within the papers and report of the Parker Morris committee. It does so to show how the models of citizens' rights and expectations which underpinned post-war welfare provision were transformed by mass affluence and the dynamic sphere of commercial consumption. Parker Morris's deliberations demonstrate that, as early as the 1950s, the citizen-subject was reimagined as a consuming individual, with requirements based on their expressive needs and consuming desires, and that this had far-reaching consequences for social democratic systems of universal welfare provision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx032DOI Listing

Pension Funds and the Politics of Ownership in Britain, c. 1970-86.

Authors:
Aled Davies

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Mar;30(1):81-107

Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge.

The growth of occupational pensions in the post-war era transformed the pattern of capital ownership in Britain, as workers' collective retirement savings purchased a substantial share of the national economy. This article examines the response of the Labour and Conservative parties to this significant material change, and considers how it shaped their respective politics of ownership at the end of the post-war settlement. It demonstrates that Labour and the trade union movement recognized occupational pension funds as a new form of social ownership but had to reconcile their desire to give pension scheme-members direct control over their investments with a broader belief that the funds needed be used for a state-coordinated revitalization of the industrial economy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy005DOI Listing

TCBH Duncan Tanner Essay Prize Winner 2017: The 'Progress of a Slogan': Youth, Culture, and the Shaping of Everyday Political Languages in Late 1940s Britain.

Authors:
David Cowan

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Sep;29(3):435-458

University of Cambridge.

In 1948, worried that young people would take full employment and the welfare state for granted, the Labour Party trialled a new slogan: 'Ask your Dad'. This slogan encouraged the young to learn about the hardships which their parents had experienced in the inter-war years, largely under Conservative governments. Using archived interviews and letters sent to the press, this article provides the first study of the popular reception of this slogan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy004DOI Listing
September 2018

'Co-operation and Communism cannot work side by side': Organized Consumers and the Early Cold War in Britain.

Authors:
Peter Gurney

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Apr 2. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Department of History, University of Essex, UK.

This article contributes to a better understanding of labour anti-communism in Britain through an exploration of the evolution of ideas and attitudes within the co-operative movement during the early Cold War. It demonstrates that the period witnessed an increasingly rigid separation of co-operation from communism and argues that this separation made it harder for activists within the co-operative movement to imagine a total or utopian alternative to capitalism. Drawing particularly on a close reading of the co-operative press as well as other sources, the study is divided into three main parts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy003DOI Listing

The 'Conchie Corps': Conflict, Compromise and Conscientious Objection in the British Army, 1940-1945.

Authors:
Linsey Robb

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Sep;29(3):411-434

Northumbria University, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy002DOI Listing
September 2018

On Tour with the Prince: Monarchy, Imperial Politics and Publicity in the Prince of Wales's Dominion Tours 1919-20.

Authors:
Frank Mort

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Mar;29(1):25-57

Department of History, University of Manchester, UK.

The stage managers of ritual and the media transformed the British monarchy in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century, consolidating its image as splendid and popular and also as more accessible and quasi-democratic. Historians have emphasized that these processes of modernization largely began in Britain. This article locates the origins of democratized royal ritual in the white dominions, especially after 1918. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx037DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

International Institutions and Domestic Reform: Equal Pay and British Membership in the European Economic Community.

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Mar;29(1):104-128

Northeastern University, USA.

Despite having been overlooked in the standard histories of the UK and the European Community, gender politics and gender policies played a significant role in Britain's applications for membership in the EEC in the 1960s. Joining the European Community required that Britain comply with Article 119 on equal pay for equal work. A combination of domestic feminist and labour movement activism, the commitment of unions and parties, and the internationalization of formal commitments to women's rights constituted internal and external pressures for the passage of an Equal Pay Act in 1970. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tcbh/article/29/1/104/4092860
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx045DOI Listing
March 2018
1 Read

Reflections on 'British Studies in a Broken World', July 2017.

Authors:
Sam Wetherell

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Mar;29(1):156-160

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx046DOI Listing

Liberal Party Politics, the South African War, and the Rhetoric of Imperial Governance.

Authors:
Simon Mackley

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Mar;29(1):1-24

The University of Exeter, UK.

This article examines the imperial rhetoric of the Liberal Party during the South African War of 1899-1902, charting its use and development across five key controversies spanning the course of the conflict. Moving beyond traditional interpretations of the Liberal split as the product of competing visions of Empire and approaches to imperialism, this article argues for the need to recognize also the continuities within the imperial rhetoric of fin-de-siècle British Liberalism. Building on recent studies of political languages, it identifies how Liberal speakers from across the party operated within a rhetorical framework that emphasized three ideals of imperial governance: good government, self-government, and pluralism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx039DOI Listing

Landlordism, Rent Regulation and the Labour Party in mid-twentieth century Britain, 1950-64.

Authors:
Phil Child

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Mar;29(1):79-103

University of Birmingham.

This article examines the politics of private renting in 1950s and early 1960s Britain, through the radical approach taken by Labour Party towards private landlords. Through setting the radical aims of Labour in a mid-twentieth-century context of decrepit housing, rising rents and sluggish public housing programmes, Labour's rationale in arguing for the 'abolition' of the private landlord is more transparent. This article takes a chronological approach, investigating what actions Labour actors took, at local and national level, and what effect this had on the wider housing market. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx036DOI Listing

'A Tactical Manoeuvre to Apply Pressure': Race and the Role of Public Inquiries in the 1980 Bristol 'Riot'.

Authors:
Simon Peplow

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Mar;29(1):129-155

University of Exeter, UK.

When violence erupted on the streets of England in 1981, it undoubtedly shocked the country in its scope and severity. However, such disorder had been foreshadowed when the St Pauls area of Bristol saw anti-police disturbances on 2 April 1980. This article focusses on the responses to this, from the local community and organizations as well as local and national government, which in the historiography has often been relegated to passing mentions prior to detailed discussion of the 1981 events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx021DOI Listing

Working-Class Ideas and Experiences of Sexuality in Twentieth-Century Britain: Regionalism as a Category of Analysis.

Authors:
Helen Smith

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Mar;29(1):58-78

University of Lincoln.

This article will explore region as a category of analysis for understanding gender, sexual cultures, and the expression of same-sex desire. In unpicking the notion of regional difference in both its tangible and intangible forms, it outlines the corresponding impact on how sexual cultures developed and were experienced in twentieth-century Britain. By recognizing that the area in which an individual lived could have as much impact on their sense of self and their sexual experiences as issues of race, gender, and class, a new and fruitful avenue of interpretation is opened up for the history of sexuality and twentieth-century British history more broadly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx019DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Environmental History and New Directions in Modern British Historiography.

Authors:
Andrew Seaton

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

New York University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy001DOI Listing
February 2018

Dad 'never said much' but… Young Men and Great War Veterans in Day-to-Day-Life in Interwar Britain.

Authors:
Joel Morley

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Jun;29(2):199-224

University of Essex.

This article explores whether, how, and what young men in interwar Britain heard about the Great War from its veterans. Oral histories are used to enable the first detailed examination of the hitherto largely unexplored topic of the intergenerational transmission of representations of the Great War in interwar Britain. It shows that although many veterans were reticent about their war experiences, young men heard about Great War experiences from veterans more frequently than has previously been acknowledged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx063DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

'The Lights of the Electric Octopus Have Been Switched Off': Visual and Political Culture in Edwardian London.

Authors:
James Thompson

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Sep;29(3):331-356

University of Bristol.

This article reconstructs the visual culture of politics in Edwardian London through a study of the 1907 London County Council election. It moves beyond the memorable account given in Graham Wallas's Human Nature in Politics to examine the actors, especially associations and newspapers, that participated in the election. Drawing upon newspapers, election addresses, cartoon, leaflets, and posters, the article argues that Edwardian London was a prime site in the application of new media for political communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx062DOI Listing
September 2018

Commercial Heritage as Democratic Action: Historicizing the 'Save the Market' Campaigns in Bradford and Chesterfield, 1969-76.

Authors:
Sarah Mass

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Sep;29(3):459-484

The University of Michigan, USA.

This article argues that the traditional retail market-a ubiquitous commercial feature of British towns and cities-produced a particular strand of heritage politics in late 1960s and early 1970s Britain. In recovering the activists involved in two campaigns to 'save the market' from redevelopment-one unsuccessful campaign in Bradford and one successful campaign in Chesterfield-I make the case for thinking through local urban heritage movements in comparative terms, focusing on how place-based citizenship collided with a nascent, national 'anti-development' mood in the early 1970s. The campaigns in Bradford and Chesterfield defended the transhistorical 'publicness' of the retail market-its spatial centrality, its collective ownership, and its relief of town or city rates-as a critique of contemporary, undemocratic privatization of communal space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx061DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Tutankhamen, Egyptomania, and Temporal Enchantment in Interwar Britain.

Authors:
Allegra Fryxell

20 Century Br Hist 2017 Dec;28(4):516-542

Trebilcock-Newton Trust Research Fellow, Pembroke College, Cambridge.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx056DOI Listing
December 2017

The Complex Holiday Calendar of 1902: Responses to the Coronation of Edward VII and the Growth of Edwardian Event Fatigue.

Authors:
Ben Roberts

20 Century Br Hist 2017 Dec;28(4):489-515

School of Social Sciences, Humanities & Law, Teesside University.

The coronation of Edward VII and events to mark the end of the South African War led to a series of public ceremonies and events in the United Kingdom that had a profound effect on attitudes linked to national occasions and public holidays. This article explores the circumstances surrounding the numerous local and national holidays of 1902. It considers the decision-making process linked to the declaration of a coronation double-bank holiday, which demonstrated the inadequacy of contemporary legislation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx027DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

Rethinking Folk Culture in Twentieth-Century Britain.

Authors:
Laura Carter

20 Century Br Hist 2017 Dec;28(4):543-569

Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge.

Research on folk culture in twentieth-century Britain has focused on elite and transgressive political episodes, but these were not its mainstream manifestations. This article re-evaluates the place of folk culture in twentieth-century Britain in the context of museums. It argues that in the modern heritage landscape folk culture was in an active dialogue with the modern democracy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx038DOI Listing
December 2017

Contested Spaces: London and the 1984-5 Miners' Strike.

20 Century Br Hist 2017 Dec;28(4):595-617

School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow.

The 1984-5 British miners' strike can be understood as a defence of place as well as jobs. Such a conception encourages us to foreground the local in accounts of the strike. However, I argue in this article that the local should not be understood in an excessively bounded way. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx029DOI Listing
December 2017

Lesbian Motherhood and the Artificial Insemination by Donor Scandal of 1978.

Authors:
Rebecca Jennings

20 Century Br Hist 2017 Dec;28(4):570-594

University College London.

In January 1978, the London Evening News informed its readers of its shocking discovery that British lesbians were conceiving babies by artificial insemination by donor (AID). Assisted by a respected London gynaecologist, Dr David Sopher, the women were planning and raising children in the context of lesbian relationships, challenging conventional family models and the widespread presumption that lesbianism and motherhood were mutually exclusive identities. The debate which was sparked by the Evening News expose and taken up in Parliament, the national and local media and on the streets in the subsequent weeks, offers an insight into attitudes towards lesbian motherhood in the late 1970s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx013DOI Listing
December 2017

Séance Sitters, Ghost Hunters, Spiritualists, and Theosophists: Esoteric Belief and Practice in the British Parliamentary Labour Party, c1929-51.

Authors:
Keith Gildart

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Sep;29(3):357-387

University of Wolverhampton, UK.

This article explores esoteric identities and cultures in the British Parliamentary Labour Party c1929-51. The historiography of the Labour Party has tended to overemphasize the one-dimensional nature of ideological affiliation and identity amongst Labour Members of Parliament in this period along the lines of a rather simplistic left/right dichotomy. Moreover, some historians have suggested that after 1918 particular socialist traditions and currents had become marginalized or dissolved once the party had developed a clearly defined constitution and the experience of political power. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx053DOI Listing
September 2018

'Irish & Roman Catholic Which Upsets All the People Here': Michael McDonnell and British Colonial Justice in Mandatory Palestine, 1927-1936.

Authors:
Simon Davis

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec;29(4):497-521

Bronx Community College and Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA.

In 1927 Michael McDonnell, a diasporic Irish Catholic, was appointed Mandatory Palestine's Chief Justice, being directed to institute firm British-style legal-judicial foundations for future self-governance. This entailed common, equal status for Arab and Jewish Palestinians, implicitly de-privileging the Jewish National Home. McDonnell was resisted in this by the British Mandate's Anglo-Jewish, pro-Zionist Attorney General, Norman Bentwich. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx052DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Reconsidering 'Set the People Free': Neoliberalism and Freedom Rhetoric in Churchill's Conservative Party.

Authors:
James Freeman

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec;29(4):522-546

University of Bristol.

It is often assumed that 'Hayekian' or 'neoliberal' influences lay behind Conservative attacks on socialism in 1945 and subsequent calls to 'set the people free' in 1950 and 1951. This assumption has had consequences for our understanding of late-1940s Conservatism and for wider interpretations of post-war politics. Heeding recent calls to reconnect the inter-war and post-war parties and to pay closer attention to how opponents and contexts generate arguments, this article revisits senior Conservatives' rhetoric between 1945 and 1951 to break the link between neoliberal influence and freedom rhetoric. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwx050DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads