Iran J Child Neurol 2018 ;12(3):113-121
Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Beta-ketothiolase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by an inborn error of isoleucine catabolism and affecting ketone body metabolism. Clinical features characterized by intermittent keto acidotic episodes are associated with clinical signs and symptoms of toxic encephalopathy such as lethargy, hypotonia, vomiting, tachypnea, and coma in some patients, with an onset during infancy or toddler-hood. A two months old girl presented to pediatric ward of Imam Reza Hospital in Mashhad City, Northwestern Iran in October 2016, with acute episode of fever and toxic encephalopathy with attack of vomiting, hypotonia, lethargy, tonic-clonic seizures and then a day in coma, few days after vaccination. Read More