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Exploring the One Health Perspective in Sweden's Policies for Containing Antibiotic Resistance.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 May 3;10(5). Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Global Public Health-Health Systems and Policy (HSP): Improving the Use of Medicines, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18A, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.

Antibiotic resistance is considered to be a major threat to global health. The main driver of antibiotic resistance is antibiotic use. Antibiotics are used in humans, animals, and food production and are released into the environment. Read More

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Dynamic dispersion of HIV-1 Subtype C towards Brazilian northeastern region.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Federal University of Bahia, 28111, Biochemistry and Biophysics, Avenida Reitor Miguel Calmon, s/n, Canela, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, 40110902;

The subtype C accounts for more than 50% of HIV-1 infections worldwide and it is currently the predominant viral form in South Brazil. The subtype C has been reported in all Brazilian regions, however the phylogenetic relationship among strains circulating in those regions still remains unclear. The current work aimed to investigate the origin and dynamic dispersion of HIV-1 subtype C towards Northeast Brazil. Read More

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An audit of high dose-rate prostate brachytherapy treatment planning at six Swedish clinics.

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021 Feb 18;13(1):59-71. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Medical Radiation Physics, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Purpose: High dose-rate prostate brachytherapy has been implemented in Sweden in the late 1980s and early 1990s in six clinics using the same schedule: 20 Gy in two fractions combined with 50 Gy in 25 fractions with external beam radiation therapy. Thirty years have passed and during these years, various aspects of the treatment process have developed, such as ultrasound-guided imaging and treatment planning system. An audit was conducted, including a questionnaire and treatment planning, which aimed to gather knowledge about treatment planning methods in Swedish clinics. Read More

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February 2021

Late urological manifestation of stress incontinence surgery.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 21;14(5). Epub 2021 May 21.

Urology, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

The Stamey procedure was a popular procedure for female stress incontinence practiced widely in the 1980s before it was abandoned owing to high complication rates. The procedure aimed to suspend the bladder neck by placing two transvaginal Dacron buttress grafts either side of the bladder neck and suspending them with sutures passed through the retropubic space and tied suprapubically. Erosion of the graft into the bladder was a recognised complication. Read More

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Aetiological changes of tinea capitis in the Hubei area in 60 years: Focus on adult tinea capitis.

Mycoses 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Tinea capitis is a common dermatophyte infection of the scalp primarily affecting children, with less frequent, though not rare, observation in adults.

Objective: This study aimed to assess changes in the causative agents of adult tinea capitis over a 60-year period in the Hubei area.

Methods: A retrospective, single-centre study was performed on 164 adults with tinea capitis between 1960 and 2020. Read More

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The search for a sustainable alternative to slash-and-burn agriculture in the World's rain forests: the Guama Model and its implementation.

Authors:
Michael Hands

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Feb 17;8(2):201204. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK.

This account describes the context, history and outcomes of a series of studies into the ecology of slash-and-burn (S-B) agriculture in the world's humid tropics. These studies, which began in the mid-1980s, identified promising lines of research and continued to field trials, in Central America, of candidate agricultural systems as possible sustainable alternatives to the practice. The only system to emerge from 7 years' comparative trial with any promise of sustainability, in this context, was the agroforestry technique known as alley-cropping; but only with trees of the genus . Read More

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February 2021

German Heart Centre Munich-45 years of surgery in adults with congenital heart defects: from primary corrections of septal defects and coarctation to complex reoperations.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):492-502

Department of Congenital and Paediatric Heart Surgery, German Heart Centre Munich, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.

Background: Our historical overview in the form of a cohort study aimed to describe the changes in the cardiac operations in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD), over 45 years in the German Heart Centre in Munich.

Methods: The study population comprised all consecutive patients aged 18 or more, who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) at the German Heart Centre Munich, between 1974 and 2018. Operations were coded according to the Adult Congenital Heart Surgery (ACHS) score. Read More

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A Quest for a Universal Plasma-Derived Antivenom Against All Elapid Neurotoxic Snake Venoms.

Front Immunol 2021 23;12:668328. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

This review describes the research aimed at the development of universal antivenom against elapid neurotoxic snake venoms. The antivenoms produced in Thailand in the 1980s were of low potency, especially against the elapid venoms. This was thought to be due to the low immunogenicity of the α-neurotoxins, which are the most lethal toxins in these venoms. Read More

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Temporal and geographic spreading of hepatitis B virus genotype A (HBV-A) in Brazil and the Americas.

J Viral Hepat 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular Aplicada à Saúde, Universidade Luterana do Brasil, ULBRA, Canoas, Brazil.

Hepatitis B virus genotype A (HBV-A) is disseminated in different countries around the world. It presents a high genetic diversity and is classified into seven subgenotypes (A1-A7). HBV-A1 and HBV-A2 are the most frequent and spread in almost all American countries. Read More

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CD24 for Cardiovascular Researchers: A Key Molecule in Cardiac Immunology, Marker of Stem Cells and Target for Drug Development.

J Pers Med 2021 Apr 1;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Seattle Children's Hospital and the University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

The study of the membrane protein, CD24, and its emerging role in major disease processes, has made a huge leap forward in the past two decades. It appears to have various key roles in oncogenesis, tumor progression and metastasis, stem cell maintenance and immune modulation. First described in the 1980s as the homologous human protein to the mouse HSA (Heat Stable Antigen), it was reported as a surface marker in developing hematopoietic cell lines. Read More

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Case fatality of hospital-treated intracerebral hemorrhage in Finland - A nationwide population-based registry study.

J Neurol Sci 2021 06 14;425:117446. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Heart Center, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; Research Center of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Center for Population Health Research, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Administrative Center, Hospital District of Southwest Finland, Turku, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: Case-fatality of Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has been reported to have improved in some areas recently. Previous reports have shown that in Finland ICH survival has improved already from the 1980s. We aimed to investigate if this trend has continued and to assess possible predictors for death. Read More

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Acute subjective effects in LSD- and MDMA-assisted psychotherapy.

J Psychopharmacol 2021 Apr 8;35(4):362-374. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) were used in psychotherapy in the 1960s-1980s, and are currently being re-investigated as treatments for several psychiatric disorders. In Switzerland, limited medical use of these substances is possible in patients not responding to other treatments (compassionate use).

Methods: This study aimed to describe patient characteristics, treatment indications and acute alterations of mind in patients receiving LSD (100-200 µg) and/or MDMA (100-175 mg) within the Swiss compassionate use programme from 2014-2018. Read More

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Lung and heart-lung transplantation for children with PAH: Dramatic benefits from the implementation of a high-priority allocation program in France.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2021 03 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Service de Chirurgie Thoracique, Vasculaire et Transplantation Cardio-pulmonaire, Groupe hospitalier Marie-Lannelongue -Saint Joseph, Le Plessis-Robinson, France; Université Paris-Saclay, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France; UMR_S 999, Université Paris-Sud, INSERM, Groupe hospitalier Marie-Lannelongue -Saint Joseph, Le Plessis-Robinson, France.

Purpose: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is rare but remains fatal in infants and children despite the advance of targeted therapies. Lung transplantation (LTx), first performed in pediatric patients in the 1980s, is, with the Potts shunt, the only potentially life-extending option in patients with end-stage PAH but is possible only in tightly selected patients. Size-matching challenges severely restrict the donor organ pool, resulting-together with peculiarities of PAH in infants-in high waitlist mortality. Read More

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The Top 100 Most Cited Articles Published in Dentistry: 2020 Update.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Mar 21;9(3). Epub 2021 Mar 21.

International Research Collaboration-Oral Health and Equity, School of Human Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia.

This bibliometric review is aimed to analyze the top 100 most-cited publications in dentistry and to compare its outcomes. A literature search was performed using Elsevier's Scopus, without any restriction of language, publication year, or study design. Of 336,381 articles, the top 100 were included based on their citation count, which ranged from 638 to 4728 citations (Feijoo et al. Read More

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A Virtual Reality Game to Change Sun Protection Behavior and Prevent Cancer: User-Centered Design Approach.

JMIR Serious Games 2021 Mar 25;9(1):e24652. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Public health sun safety campaigns introduced during the 1980s have successfully reduced skin cancer rates in Australia. Despite this success, high rates of sunburn continue to be reported by youth and young adults. As such, new strategies to reinforce sun protection approaches in this demographic are needed. Read More

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Reconstruction of the Korean Asbestos Job Exposure Matrix.

Saf Health Work 2021 Mar 20;12(1):74-95. Epub 2020 Sep 20.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam, Republic of Korea.

Background: A job-exposure matrix (JEM) is an important surrogate indicator to evaluate past exposure levels. Although a Korean asbestos JEM has been constructed previously, this JEM includes only a few industrial and occupational groups. This study aimed to reconstruct the JEM by integrating the latest organized data to improve its utility. Read More

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Natural course of pain in chronic pancreatitis is independent of disease duration.

Pancreatology 2021 Apr 2;21(3):649-657. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Pain burn-out during the course of chronic pancreatitis (CP), proposed in the 1980s, remains controversial, and has clinical implications. We aimed to describe the natural course of pain in a well-characterized cohort.

Methods: We constructed the clinical course of 279 C P patients enrolled from 2000 to 2014 in the North American Pancreatitis Studies from UPMC by retrospectively reviewing their medical records (median observation period, 12. Read More

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Roadmap towards solar fuel synthesis at the water interface of liposome membranes.

Chem Soc Rev 2021 Apr;50(8):4833-4855

Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 55, Leiden, 2333 CC, The Netherlands.

Artificial photosynthesis has experienced rapid developments aimed at producing photocatalytic systems for the synthesis of chemical energy carriers. Conceptual advances of solar fuel systems have been inspired by improved understanding of natural photosynthesis and its key operational principles: (a) light harvesting, (b) charge separation, (c) directional proton and electron transport between reaction centres and across membranes, (d) water oxidation and (e) proton or CO2 reduction catalysis. Recently, there has been a surge of bio-inspired photosynthetic assemblies that use liposomes as nanocompartments to confine reaction spaces and enable vectorial charge transport across membranes. Read More

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Practice patterns and outcomes in the management of Thai patients with Graves' disease.

Thyroid Res 2021 Mar 3;14(1). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Diabetes and Thyroid Center, Theptarin Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: The treatment of hyperthyroid Graves' disease (GD) varies considerably among geographic areas. In this study, we aimed to evaluate practice patterns and treatment outcomes in Thai patients with hyperthyroid GD.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study over 35 years (1985-2019) in patients with hyperthyroid GD was conducted. Read More

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Comparison of Vitamin D and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations in Human Breast Milk between 1989 and 2016-2017.

Nutrients 2021 Feb 9;13(2). Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Research & Development, Bean Stalk Snow Co., Ltd., Kawagoe, Saitama 350-1165, Japan.

Background: Breast milk is considered the optimal source of nutrition during infancy. Although the vitamin D concentration in human breast milk is generally considered poor for infants, vitamin D in breast milk is an important source for exclusively breastfed infants. Increases in vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in lactating mothers may reduce vitamin D concentrations in breast milk. Read More

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February 2021

Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Trends in Infectious Disease Mortality in South Korea from 1983 to 2017.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 21;18(3). Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon 35015, Korea.

We aimed to describe the infectious disease (ID) mortality trends and evaluate age-period-cohort (APC) effects on ID mortality in Korea. Using cause-of-death and census population estimates data from 1983-2017, age-standardized ID mortality trends were investigated by joinpoint regression analysis. The APC effects on ID mortality were estimated using intrinsic estimator models. Read More

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January 2021

An atlas of tsetse and animal African trypanosomiasis in Zimbabwe.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jan 14;14(1):50. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Animal Production and Health Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Background: In the 1980s and 1990s, great strides were taken towards the elimination of tsetse and animal African trypanosomiasis (AAT) in Zimbabwe. However, advances in recent years have been limited. Previously freed areas have been at risk of reinvasion, and the disease in tsetse-infested areas remains a constraint to food security. Read More

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January 2021

Excess Mortality of Males Due to Malignant Lung Cancer in OECD Countries.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 8;18(2). Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Epidemiology and Hygiene, Social Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Rokietnicka 4, 60-806 Poznan, Poland.

Excess mortality of men has been observed since the beginning of the 20th century. One of the main causes of this phenomenon is malignant cancers, with lung cancer as the main reason. At the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, a decline in male excess mortality was observed in most developed countries. Read More

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January 2021

Solubility, Permeability, and Dissolution Rate of Naftidrofuryl Oxalate Based on BCS Criteria.

Pharmaceutics 2020 Dec 19;12(12). Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Department of Toxicology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 30 Dojazd St., 60-631 Poznan, Poland.

The Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) was conceived to classify drug substances by their in vitro aqueous solubility and permeability properties. The essential activity of naftidrofuryl oxalate (NF) has been described as the inhibition of the serotonin receptors (5-HT), resulting in vasodilation and decreasing blood pressure. Since the early 1980s, NF has been used to treat several venous and cerebral diseases. Read More

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December 2020

Long-Term Mechanical Ventilation: Recommendations of the Swiss Society of Pulmonology.

Respiration 2020 Dec 10:1-36. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

Long-term mechanical ventilation is a well-established treatment for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (CHRF). It is aimed at improving CHRF-related symptoms, health-related quality of life, survival, and decreasing hospital admissions. In Switzerland, long-term mechanical ventilation has been increasingly used since the 1980s in hospital and home care settings. Read More

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December 2020

Factors Associated with Rural Residents' Contract Behavior with Village Doctors in Three Counties: A Cross-Sectional Study from China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 12 2;17(23). Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Business School, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, China.

Historically, cooperative medical insurance and village doctors are considered two powerful factors in protecting rural residents' health. However, with the central government of China's implementation of new economic policies in the 1980s, cooperative medical insurance collapsed and rural residents fell into poverty because of sickness. In 2009, the New Rural Cooperative Medical Insurance (NRCMI) was implemented to provide healthcare for rural residents. Read More

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December 2020

Neonatal Rotavirus-Associated Leukoencephalopathy Is One of the Main Causes of Fifth-Day Fits.

J Child Neurol 2021 Apr 1;36(5):378-384. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Pediatrics, 65623Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Republic of Korea.

Our province recently experienced an outbreak of neonatal rotavirus-associated leukoencephalopathy. This study aimed to verify whether rotavirus-associated leukoencephalopathy constituted fifth-day fits, which prevailed in Europe and Australia between the 1970s and mid-1980s. Of 118 full-term neonates who were admitted between 2008 and 2017 due to seizures, those who fulfilled the following criteria for fifth-day fits were included: healthy full-term neonates prior to seizures; absence of perinatal asphyxia; seizure onset during 4-6 days of age; and no known cause of neonatal seizures. Read More

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CrossFit® Training Strategies from the Perspective of Concurrent Training: A Systematic Review.

Authors:
Petr Schlegel

J Sports Sci Med 2020 12 19;19(4):670-680. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education, University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

In the basic principles of CrossFit, the goal is to improve fitness, related to the simultaneous development of strength and endurance. This is also the main idea of concurrent training, which has been researched since the 1980s. This article aimed to analyze the acute and chronic effects of CrossFit and to assess the relevance of using the concurrent training methodology. Read More

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December 2020

Fall of amalgam restoration: a 10-year analysis of an Australian university dental clinic.

Aust Dent J 2021 03 5;66(1):61-66. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

Background: The use of amalgam in Dentistry has decreased since the 1980s. This study aimed to (i) assess the time trend in the usage of amalgam and composite in posterior teeth at Griffith University Dental Clinic from 2010 to 2019; (ii) to test whether this trend varied according to the dental health provider.

Methods: We analysed clinic records from 2010 to 2019. Read More

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