546 results match your criteria 1945 relationship

Performance of using opposing homozygotes for paternity testing in Japanese Black cattle.

J Anim Breed Genet 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers in Japanese Black cattle enable genomic prediction and verifying parent-offspring relationships. We assessed the performance of opposing homozygotes (OH) for paternity testing in Japanese Black cattle, using SNP genotype information of 50 sires and 3,420 fattened animals, 1,945 of which were fathered by the 50 genotyped sires. The number of OH was counted for each sire-progeny pair in 28,764 SNPs with minor allele frequencies of ≥0. Read More

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September 2021

Risk factors of surgical mortality in patients with Clostridium difficile colitis. A novel scoring system.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Jersey Shore University Medical Center, 1945 State Route 33, Neptune, NJ, 07754, USA.

Background: The purpose of the study is to identify the risk factors of mortality and develop a risk scoring system in patients who underwent colectomy due to Clostridium difficile colitis (CD-C).

Methods: Patient information was extracted using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data from 2012 to 2016. All adult patients who underwent colectomy for CD-C were included in the study. Read More

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September 2021

[Perpetrator or victim? The orthodontist Gustav Korkhaus (1895-1978) and his actual role in the Third Reich].

J Orofac Orthop 2021 Sep 30;82(5):345-355. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Medizinische Fakultät, RWTH Aachen University, 52074, Aachen, Deutschland.

Purposes: Gustav Korkhaus is widely regarded as the most important German orthodontist of the post-war period; in contrast, his relationship to National Socialism is much less well defined. Against this background, this article sheds light on the concrete scientific and (professional) political significance of Korkhaus; special attention is paid to his role in the Third Reich.

Methods: The study is based on primary sources from the Federal Archives Berlin, the State Archives North Rhine-Westphalia (Department Rhineland), and the University Archives Bonn. Read More

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September 2021

Analysis of spatiotemporal changes of agricultural land after the Second World War in Czechia.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 16;11(1):12655. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, 165 00, Prague, Suchdol, Czech Republic.

The term Sudetenland refers to large regions of the former Czechoslovakia that had been dominated by Germans. German population was expelled directly after the Second World War, between 1945 and 1947. Almost three million people left large areas in less than two years. Read More

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Just "one of so many"? The pathologist Theodor Fahr (1877-1945) and his ambivalent relationship to National Socialism.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Aug 23;224:153488. Epub 2021 May 23.

Institute for History, Theory and Ethics in Medicine, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Wendlingweg 2, Aachen, D-52074, Germany. Electronic address:

Theodor Fahr is well known as a pioneer in renal pathology and the eponym of "Fahr's disease". While his professional merits are undisputed, his relationship to National Socialism remains unclear. On the one hand, he signed the public "oath of allegiance" of German professors to Adolf Hitler, on the other hand, he appeared as a mentor to his Jewish colleague Paul Kimmelstiel. Read More

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The mitogenome of Phytophthora agathidicida: Evidence for a not so recent arrival of the "kauri killing" Phytophthora in New Zealand.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(5):e0250422. Epub 2021 May 21.

Bio-Protection Research Centre, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Phytophthora agathidicida is associated with a root rot that threatens the long-term survival of the iconic New Zealand kauri. Although it is widely assumed that this pathogen arrived in New Zealand post-1945, this hypothesis has yet to be formally tested. Here we describe evolutionary analyses aimed at evaluating this and two alternative hypotheses. Read More

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The Prevalence of Frailty Using Three Different Frailty Measurements in Two Finnish Cohorts Born Before and After the Second World War.

J Nutr Health Aging 2021 ;25(5):611-617

Minna Koivukangas, Center for Life Course Health Research, Geriatrics, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland. Tel: +358405916252. E-mail:

Objectives: To study the prevalence of frailty and its relationship to mortality in cohorts born before and after the Second World War using three different frailty measures.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from two cohorts born in 1935 (n=593) and 1945 (n=714) were studied for frailty at the mean age of 70.7 (SD 1. Read More

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January 2021

Treatment profiles and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients at private hospital in Jakarta.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(4):e0250147. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that causes COVID-19, which has become a worldwide pandemic. However, until now, there is no vaccine or specific drug to prevent or treat COVID-19.

Objectives: To find out the effective treatment as an antiviral agent for COVID-19, to determine the correlation between sociodemography with clinical outcomes and duration of treatment, and to determine the relationship between comorbidities with clinical outcomes and duration of treatment for COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Prognostic value of systemic ımmune ınflammation ındex in patients with laryngeal cancer.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jun 9;278(6):1945-1955. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical Faculty of Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) with the clinical and pathological parameters of 118 laryngeal cancer patients, as well as their effects on the survival of the disease.

Methods: For the calculation of SII, PLR, and NLR, hemogram tests were conducted before treatment. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to calculate the cut-off value of SII, NLR, and PLR for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Read More

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Discovery of Novel Sultone Fused Berberine Derivatives as Promising Tdp1 Inhibitors.

Molecules 2021 Mar 30;26(7). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

N. N. Vorozhtsov Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 9, Akademika Lavrentieva Ave., 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia.

A new type of berberine derivatives was obtained by the reaction of berberrubine with aliphatic sulfonyl chlorides. The new polycyclic compounds have a sultone ring condensed to and rings of a protoberberine core. The reaction conditions were developed to facilitate the formation of sultones with high yields without by-product formation. Read More

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Psoriasis as risk factor for non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy: a population-based cross-sectional study.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 03 31;21(1):161. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Cardiology, Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune, NJ, USA.

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition commonly associated with psoriatic arthritis, malignancy, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and cardiovascular disease. Several reports and studies have reported an association between psoriasis and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). We aim to study the relationship between psoriasis and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy in a large population-based study. Read More

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Insect-Specific Viruses: An overview and their relationship to arboviruses of concern to humans and animals.

Virology 2021 May 9;557:34-43. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Comparative, Diagnostic, and Population Medicine, University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1945 SW 16th Ave, Gainesville, FL, 32608, USA. Electronic address:

The group of Insect-specific viruses (ISVs) includes viruses apparently restricted to insects based on their inability to replicate in the vertebrates. Increasing numbers of ISVs have been discovered and characterized representing a diverse number of viral families. However, most studies have focused on those ISVs belonging to the family Flaviviridae, which highlights the importance of ISV study from other viral families, which allow a better understanding for the mechanisms of transmission and evolution used for this diverse group of viruses. Read More

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The relationship between solvatochromic properties and in silico ADME parameters of new chloroethylnitrosourea derivatives with potential anticancer activity and their β-Cyclodextrin complexes.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 May 13;253:119579. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Laboratory of Applied Chemistry, Université 8 Mai 1945 Guelma, Algeria.

In view of the anticancer effect of nitrosoureas a set of four new N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea (CENU) derivatives was synthesized. An in silico absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity (ADME/Tox) prediction study revealed that the CENU derivatives satisfied all the required criteria for oral administration and introduced them as remarkable anticancer candidates in the central nervous system (CNS). A comparative solvatochromic study including the Kamlet-Taft, Catalán and Laurence models indicated that the solvatochromic behavior of the CENUs depended on both, unspecific and specific solvent-solute interactions. Read More

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Intraspecific niche partition without speciation: individual level web polymorphism within a single island spider population.

Proc Biol Sci 2021 02 17;288(1945):20203138. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Ecology and Evolution Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Tancha 1919-1, Onna-son, Okinawa 904-0495 Japan.

Early in the process of adaptive radiation, allopatric disruption of gene flow followed by ecological specialization is key for speciation; but, do adaptive radiations occur on small islands without internal geographical barriers? Island populations sometimes harbour polymorphism in ecological specializations, but its significance remains unclear. On one hand, morphs may correspond to 'cryptic' species. Alternatively, they could result from population, developmental or behavioural plasticity. Read More

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February 2021

Hydrothermal physiology and climate vulnerability in amphibians.

Proc Biol Sci 2021 02 17;288(1945):20202273. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Earth to Ocean Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6.

Concerns over the consequences of global climate change for biodiversity have spurred a renewed interest in organismal thermal physiology. However, temperature is only one of many environmental axes poised to change in the future. In particular, hydrologic regimes are also expected to shift concurrently with temperature in many regions, yet our understanding of how thermal and hydration physiology jointly affect performance and fitness is still limited for most taxonomic groups. Read More

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February 2021

Tropical mammal functional diversity increases with productivity but decreases with anthropogenic disturbance.

Proc Biol Sci 2021 02 17;288(1945):20202098. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Biosciences, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA.

A variety of factors can affect the biodiversity of tropical mammal communities, but their relative importance and directionality remain uncertain. Previous global investigations of mammal functional diversity have relied on range maps instead of observational data to determine community composition. We test the effects of species pools, habitat heterogeneity, primary productivity and human disturbance on the functional diversity (dispersion and richness) of mammal communities using the largest standardized tropical forest camera trap monitoring system, the Tropical Ecology Assessment and Monitoring (TEAM) Network. Read More

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February 2021

3D X-ray computed tomography gray value and age model datasets of coral cores Baler 2 and 3 (Philippines).

Data Brief 2021 Feb 14;34:106755. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Marine Science Institute, University of The Philippines Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines.

The datasets here contain the 3D X-ray computed tomography (3DXCT) gray values and age models of coral cores Baler 2 and 3, taken from Baler, Aurora, Philippines. 3DXCT was used to analyze 5 mm-thick slabs of the coral cores. From the resulting 3DXCT images, gray values were determined per pixel from top to bottom of the slabs. Read More

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February 2021

Causal Effect of Tooth Loss on Functional Capacity in Older Adults in England: A Natural Experiment.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 May 26;69(5):1319-1327. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background/objectives: Tooth loss is associated with reduced functional capacity, but so far, there is no relevant causal evidence reported. We investigated the causal effect of tooth loss on the instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among older adults in England.

Design: Natural experiment study with instrumental variable analysis. Read More

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Mortality among individuals exposed to atomic bomb radiation in utero: 1950-2012.

Eur J Epidemiol 2021 Apr 25;36(4):415-428. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Epidemiology, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, 5-2 Hijiyama Park, Minami-ku, Hiroshima City, Hiroshima, Japan.

We examined the mortality risks among 2463 individuals who were exposed in utero to atomic bomb radiation in Hiroshima or Nagasaki in August 1945 and were followed from October 1950 through 2012. Individual estimates of mother's weighted absorbed uterine dose (DS02R1) were used. Poisson regression method was used to estimate the radiation-associated excess relative risk per Gy (ERR/Gy) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for cause-specific mortality. Read More

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ATP Synthase, an Emerging Target in TB Drug Discovery: Review of SAR and Clinical Pharmacology of Diarylquinoline Inhibitors.

Curr Drug Targets 2021 ;22(11):1207-1221

Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh- 201 002, India.

Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide, with an estimated 1.5 million deaths annually. The majority of infection cases are reported from the Southeast Asian region, including India. Read More

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January 2021

Head tremor and pain in cervical dystonia.

J Neurol 2021 May 8;268(5):1945-1950. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Institute for Neural Computation, University of California, La Jolla, San Diego, CA, USA.

Background: Although head tremor (HT) and pain are prevalent in cervical dystonia (CD), their joint relationship to phenotypic features of focal dystonia remains unclear.

Objectives: We examined how severity of HT and pain are associated with age of CD onset and duration, and whether HT subtypes ("jerky" or "regular") exhibit distinct relationships between severity of HT and pain.

Methods: The severity of HT and pain were assessed with the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale in retrospective review of 188 CD patients recruited through the Dystonia Coalition. Read More

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Digitalization in banking sector: the role of intrinsic motivation.

Heliyon 2020 Dec 24;6(12):e05801. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

PT Usaha Mulia Digital Indonesia (PT UMDI), Indonesia.

The focus of this work is to test the roles of intrinsic motivation for Bank Kalsel employees regarding the use of applications and websites for task completion and performance evaluation through the TAM approach. A total of 375 staffs throughout Bank Kalsel branch offices were used as respondents in this study. Data obtained from this study were examined using the Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) by LISREL 8. Read More

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December 2020

Identification of an independent autophagy-gene prognostic index for papillary renal cell carcinoma.

Transl Androl Urol 2020 Oct;9(5):1945-1956

Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: Autophagy was a significant catabolic process which played a critical role in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and viability in a stressed state. The dysregulation of autophagy was correlated with various diseases. The aim of our study was to develop a prognostic signature for papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Read More

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October 2020

Cognitive Function Among Elderly Survivors Prenatally Exposed to Atomic Bombings.

Am J Med 2021 04 2;134(4):e264-e267. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Departments of Clinical Studies, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background: A cohort of children prenatally exposed to the 1945 atomic bombings in Japan revealed harmful effects of ionizing radiation in a variety of measures of cognitive function, including mental retardation. Here we examined cognitive function in the non-affected, now elderly, cohort.

Methods: From 2011-2015, using the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument and a maternal uterine radiation dose estimated with the 2002 dosimetry system, we evaluated 303 prenatally exposed subjects and their non-exposed controls from the Adult Health Study of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, excluding those who had shown marked cognitive effects earlier. Read More

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Molecular and morphological characters of Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945 species from Iran with a note on the identity of H. pseudorobustus (Steiner, 1914) Golden, 1956.

Zootaxa 2020 Jun 8;4789(1):zootaxa.4789.1.10. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Plant Protection Department, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran.

Helicotylenchus species were recovered from natural areas of three provinces (Mazandaran, Kerman and Guilan) in Iran, with morphological and molecular characteristics suggesting that they were Helicotylenchus minzi and Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus. A phylogenetic analysis of the two Helicotylenchus species using 28S rDNA placed H. pseudrobustus and H. Read More

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Dosimetric Impact of a New Computational Voxel Phantom Series for the Japanese Atomic Bomb Survivors: Methodological Improvements and Organ Dose Response Functions.

Radiat Res 2020 10;194(4):390-402

J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Owing to recent advances in computational dosimetry tools, an update is warranted for the dosimetry system for atomic bomb survivors that was established by the Joint U.S.Japan Working Group on the Reassessment of Atomic Bomb Dosimetry in 2002 (DS02). Read More

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October 2020

Association of sugar-sweetened beverage and artificially sweetened beverage intakes with mortality: an analysis of US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Jun 18;60(4):1945-1955. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education and Ministry of Environmental Protection, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hongkong Rd, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Purpose: Current evidence on the associations between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intakes and mortality is inconsistent, whereas the evidence on artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs) was sparse. We aimed to investigate the associations of SSB and ASB intakes with mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults.

Methods: Participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 1999-2014; n = 31,402) were linked to the US mortality registry by the end of 2015. Read More

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Scenarios of energy reduction potential of zero energy building promotion in the Asia-Pacific region to year 2050.

Energy (Oxf) 2020 Dec 10;213:118792. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

China Academy of Building Research, Beijing, 100013, China.

Building energy consumption in the Asia-Pacific region continues to rise. It is important to understand the energy use and future trends of 21 members of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and to find more effective ways to achieve APEC's dual goals of reducing energy intensity by 45% of 2005 levels by 2035 and doubling the share of renewable energy in the energy mix between 2010 and 2030. Recently, promoting building toward ultra-low energy, nearly zero energy and zero energy is becoming a consensus trend. Read More

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December 2020

Minimalism's Attention Deficit: Distraction, Description, and Mary Robison's .

Sophie A Jones

Am lit Hist 2020 May 22;32(2):301-327. Epub 2020 May 22.

Sophie A. Jones is a Wellcome ISSF Postdoctoral Fellow at Birkbeck, University of London, where she works across the fields of post-1945 US literature, gender studies, disability studies, and the critical medical humanities.

What does it mean to diagnose a literary work with attention deficit disorder (ADD)? This article traces how US literary minimalism came, in the late twentieth century, to be understood as a literary counterpart to the new diagnostic category of ADD. Pursuing some links between literary criticism and the third volume of the , the article shows how minimalism was seen to resemble the ADD patient because both were defined in terms of a descriptive surface that yielded no depths for expert excavation. Engaging with recent debates on the relative function and value of description and interpretation in literary studies, the article asks whether the notion of an ADD literary aesthetics, grounded in critical disability studies, might provide a route out of the dichotomy of suspicious analysis and reparative description. Read More

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