2,179 results match your criteria 1940 male

Private Laurence Arthur Coe DCM: dental technician to prisoner of war escapee.

Br Dent J 2021 04 9;230(7):483-485. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Lance Corporal Royal Army Dental Corps, Dental Nurse, Dental Centre Wellington, London, UK.

Private Coe of the Army Dental Corps is thought to be the first soldier in the British Army to escape captivity in the Second World War and achieve the 'home run' back to the UK. He was captured near Dunkirk on 30 May 1940 by the German Army and was transported to camp Stalag XXA (Thorn) in Poland. He successfully escaped from the prisoner of war camp and made his way back to the United Kingdom. Read More

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The folate cycle enzyme MTHFD2 induces cancer immune evasion through PD-L1 up-regulation.

Nat Commun 2021 03 29;12(1):1940. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Pharmacology, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Inflammatory Biology, The province and ministry co-sponsored collaborative innovation center for medical epigenetics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Metabolic enzymes and metabolites display non-metabolic functions in immune cell signalling that modulate immune attack ability. However, whether and how a tumour's metabolic remodelling contributes to its immune resistance remain to be clarified. Here we perform a functional screen of metabolic genes that rescue tumour cells from effector T cell cytotoxicity, and identify the embryo- and tumour-specific folate cycle enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 2 (MTHFD2). Read More

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A new species of the genus Phonotimpus Gertsch amp; Davis (Araneae: Phrurolithidae) from Mexico and the transfer of Gosiphrurus schulzefenai Chamberlin amp; Ivie to Phonotimpus.

Zootaxa 2021 Mar 3;4938(5):zootaxa.4938.5.4. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Colección de Arácnidos del Sureste de México, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Tapachula, Chiapas 30700, México.

Phonotimpus padillai sp. nov. is described on the basis of morphological characteristics of both sexes: males are easily distinguished by the shape of the embolus and females by the shape of the copulatory openings. Read More

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Updating the knowledge of species of the genus Astylus Laporte (Coleoptera: Melyridae) from South America.

Patricia Estrada

Zootaxa 2021 Mar 5;4941(1):zootaxa.4941.1.8. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Instituto de Entomología, Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, José Pedro Alessandri 774, Ñuñoa, CP 7760197, Santiago, Chile..

Pic has contributed most of the descriptions of species and varieties of the genus Astylus Laporte, 1836. However, in some cases, he defined the distinction between taxa on the basis of variable characters. The study of the external morphology and genitalia of the type material of Astylus alboscutellatus Pic,1919a; A. Read More

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An update of morphological and distributional data of the genus Patrera Simon (Araneae: Anyphaenidae: Anyphaeninae) with the description of twenty-five new species from Colombia.

Zootaxa 2021 Jan 19;4914(1):zootaxa.4914.1.1. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Grupo de Investigación Biodiversidad del Caribe Colombiano, Semillero de Investigación Sistemática de Artrópodos Neotropicales, Departamento de Biología, Universidad del Atlántico, Barranquilla, Colombia..

The knowledge on the diversity of the genus Patrera Simon in Colombia is widely expanded. P. auricoma (L. Read More

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January 2021

Computed tomography imaging features for amyloid dacryolith in the nasolacrimal excretory system: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Mar;9(8):1940-1945

Department of Pathology, Nanjing Tongren Hospital, Southeast University Medical College, Nanjing 211102, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Nasolacrimal duct obstruction leading to epiphora is a common ophthalmologic complaint, and it may derive from amyloidosis in rare cases. There are a few reports about localized amyloidosis, and amyloidosis with involvement and obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct is exceedingly rare.

Case Summary: A 54-year-old male presented with a 2-year history of a lump overlying the left lacrimal sac that had grown rapidly for nearly half a year. Read More

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Testicular volume in infertile versus fertile white-European men: a case-control investigation in the real-life setting.

Asian J Androl 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Division of Experimental Oncology/Unit of Urology, URI, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Via Olgettina 60, Milan 20131, Italy.

Testicular volume (TV) is considered a good clinical marker of hormonal and spermatogenic function. Accurate reference values for TV measures in infertile and fertile men are lacking. We aimed to assess references values for TV in white-European infertile men and fertile controls. Read More

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Assessing the effects of autarchic policies on the biological well-being: Analysis of deviations in cohort male height in the Valencian Community (Spain) during Francoist regime.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Mar 12;273:113771. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Applied Economics, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

This article aims to assess the impact of autarchic policies on the biological dimensions of human well-being during Francoist regime in Spain. This is done by examining the nutritional status of the population through the study of male adult heights. Our case study is the Valencian Community with the focus on the period 1940-59 which witnessed the implementation of such policies. Read More

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[The history of development of doctrine of somatotypes: the publications review].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jan;29(1):161-164

The Medical Biological University of Innovations and Continuous Education of The Federal State Budget Institution "The State Research Center of Russian Federation - the A. I. Burnazyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center" of the Federal Medical Biological Agency of Russia, 123098, Moscow, Russia,

The study required o apply various modes of corresponding publications search through such international databases as RussiaScopus, Web of Science, Medline, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Global Health, CyberLeninka, RISC, eLIBRARY.RU. Actually, there are not less than one hundred definitions of constitution of individual. Read More

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January 2021

The secondary sex ratio in Italy over the past eighty years (1940 to 2019) and potential impact of radiological contamination after atmospheric nuclear testing and after Chernobyl: Temporal change-point analysis using Markov Chain Monte Carlo.

Reprod Toxicol 2021 03 1;100:137-142. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. Electronic address:

In Europe, the male to female ratio at birth (secondary sex ratio: SSR; sex odds: SO) is 1.04-1.06, is influenced by many factors and is declining in industrialized countries. Read More

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Retrospective Seroepidemiology study of dengue virus infection in Taiwan.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jan 21;21(1):96. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: Dengue virus infection has been an important and serious public health concern in Taiwan, where local outbreaks of dengue fever occurred almost every year. To our knowledge, no nationwide investigation has been carried out to determine the actual extent of infection in the general population.

Methods: A total of 1308 random serum samples were collected from the general population in Taiwan in 2010. Read More

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January 2021

Mitochondrial DNA analysis of the putative skeletal remains of Sieur de Marle: Genetic support for anthropological assessment of biogeographic ancestry.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Mar 8;320:110682. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Center for Human Identification, Forensic Anthropology Unit, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

In 1932, seven burials were discovered on a Texas plantation that was originally the site of a 17th-century Caddo Indian village. Of the seven excavated graves, one set of remains (an adult male) was notably buried in a manner inconsistent with traditional Caddoan burial practices and has long been purported to be the remains of Sieur de Marle (a member of the French explorer La Salle's last expedition). Diary accounts of La Salle's expedition scribe report that Sieur de Marle died along a river near an Indian village during a trek to Canada to find help for colonists left behind at the ill-fated Fort St. Read More

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The Effect of Eight-Week Sprint Interval Training on Aerobic Performance of Elite Badminton Players.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 13;18(2). Epub 2021 Jan 13.

AI Sports Engineering Lab, School of Sports Engineering, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China.

This study was aimed to: (1) investigate the effects of physiological functions of sprint interval training (SIT) on the aerobic capacity of elite badminton players; and (2) explore the potential mechanisms of oxygen uptake, transport and recovery within the process. Thirty-two elite badminton players volunteered to participate and were randomly divided into experimental (Male-SIT and Female-SIT group) and control groups (Male-CON and Female-CON) within each gender. During a total of eight weeks, SIT group performed three times of SIT training per week, including two power bike trainings and one multi-ball training, while the CON group undertook two Fartlek runs and one regular multi-ball training. Read More

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January 2021

[Correlation between microRNA-34b/c single nucleotide polymorphism rs4938723 and male infertility].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2020 Sep;26(9):807-810

School of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between microRNA-34b/c single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4938723 and the risk of male infertility.

Methods: This case-control study included 553 males aged 19-40 (29.42 ± 5. Read More

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September 2020

A new species closely related to Acartia sinjiensis (Copepoda: Calanoida), from river estuaries of northern Luzon, the Philippines.

Zootaxa 2020 Nov 20;4881(3):zootaxa.4881.3.6. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Institute of Biogeosciences, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan..

We describe a brackish-water calanoid copepod Acartia (Acanthacartia) cagayanensis sp. nov. collected from river estuaries in the northernmost Luzon, the Philippines. Read More

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November 2020

The spider genus Olios Walckenaer, 1837 (Araneae: Sparassidae)-Part 1: species groups, diagnoses, identification keys, distribution maps and revision of the argelasius-, coenobitus- and auricomis-groups.

Peter JÄger

Zootaxa 2020 Oct 22;4866(1):zootaxa.4866.1.1. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Senckenberg Research Institute, Arachnology, Senckenberganlage 25, D-60325 Frankfurt am Main, Germany;.

The genus Olios Walckenaer, 1837 is revised, a generic diagnosis is given and an identification key to eight species groups is provided. Olios in its revised sense includes 87 species and is distributed in Africa, southern Europe and Asia. Three species groups are revised in this first part, an identification key to species for each group is provided, five new species are described and all included species are illustrated. Read More

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October 2020

Asymmetric interspecific competition drives shifts in signalling traits in fan-throated lizards.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 12 9;287(1940):20202141. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India.

Interspecific competition can occur when species are unable to distinguish between conspecific and heterospecific mates or competitors when they occur in sympatry. Selection in response to interspecific competition can lead to shifts in signalling traits-a process called agonistic character displacement. In two fan-throated lizard species- and -females are morphologically indistinguishable and male agonistic signalling behaviour is similar. Read More

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December 2020

Personality-specific carry-over effects on breeding.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 12 9;287(1940):20202381. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Carry-over effects describe the phenomenon whereby an animal's previous conditions influence its subsequent performance. Carry-over effects are unlikely to affect individuals uniformly, but the factors modulating their strength are poorly known. Variation in the strength of carry-over effects may reflect individual differences in pace-of-life: slow-paced, shyly behaved individuals are thought to favour an allocation to self-maintenance over current reproduction, compared to their fast-paced, boldly behaved conspecifics (the pace-of-life syndrome hypothesis). Read More

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December 2020

Indirect parental effects on offspring viability by egg-derived fluids in an external fertilizer.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 12 9;287(1940):20202538. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley WA 6009, Australia.

The capacity for parents to influence offspring phenotypes via nongenetic inheritance is currently a major area of focus in evolutionary biology. Intriguing recent evidence suggests that sexual interactions among males and females, both before and during mating, are important mediators of such effects. Sexual interactions typically extend beyond gamete release, involving both sperm and eggs, and their associated fluids. Read More

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December 2020

Characteristics of Recipients of Red Blood Cell Concentrates in a German Federal State.

Transfus Med Hemother 2020 Oct 22;47(5):370-377. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Institut für Community Medicine, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: Annual transfusion rates in many European countries range between 25 and 35 red blood cell concentrates (RBCs)/1,000 population. It is unclear why transfusion rates in Germany are considerably higher (approx. 50-55 RBCs/1,000 population). Read More

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October 2020

Epidemiological characteristics of patients with severe COVID-19 infection in Wuhan, China: evidence from a retrospective observational study.

Int J Epidemiol 2021 01;49(6):1940-1950

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background: The new coronavirus (COVID-19) rapidly resulted in a pandemic. We report the characteristics of patients with severe or critical severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in Wuhan city, China, and the risk factors related to infection severity and death.

Methods: We extracted the demographic and clinical data of 7283 patients with severe COVID-19 infection from designated Wuhan hospitals as of 25 February 2020. Read More

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January 2021

Individual recovery of health-related quality of life during 18 months post-burn using a retrospective pre-burn measurement: an exploratory study.

Qual Life Res 2021 Mar 22;30(3):737-749. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Association of Dutch Burn Centres, P.O. Box 1015, 1940 EA, Beverwijk, The Netherlands.

Purpose: This study explored the individual trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQL) compared to recalled pre-burn level of HRQL and investigated whether burn severity and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms increase the risk of not returning to pre-burn level of HRQL.

Methods: Data were obtained from 309 adult patients with burns in a multicenter study. Patients completed the EQ-5D-3L questionnaire with a Cognition bolt-on shortly after hospital admission, which included a recalled pre-injury measure, and, again, at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post-burn. Read More

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Two new species of Utivarachna Kishida, 1940 from southern China, with an updated key to the Chinese species (Araneae: Trachelidae).

Zootaxa 2020 Jun 25;4803(1):zootaxa.4803.1.5. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China College of Life Science, Jinggangshan University, Ji'an 343009, Jiangxi, China.

Two new trachelid spiders were collected from Guangxi, southern China, and are described here as Utivarachna subfabaria sp. nov. (♂, ♀) and U. Read More

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Two new species of Megarthrus (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Proteininae) from Mexican Cloud Forests.

Zootaxa 2020 May 15;4778(3):zootaxa.4778.3.8. Epub 2020 May 15.

Entomología, Centro de Estudios en Zoología, CUCBA, Universidad de Guadalajara, ApartadoPostal 134, 45100 Zapopan, Jalisco, México..

Two new species of Megarthrus are described from cloud forests of the Mexican state of Veracruz: M. cavianae Rodríguez, Navarrete-Heredia Arriaga-Varela sp. nov. Read More

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Revision of the genus Bioramix Bates, 1879 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Platyscelidini) from China.

Zootaxa 2020 Jul 14;4815(1):zootaxa.4815.1.1. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

The Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Application, College of Life Sciences, Institute of Life Science and Green Development, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002, P. R. China..

The genus Bioramix Bates, 1879 from China is revised, 54 valid species are recognized in this study, including 23 new ones: B. (Cardiobioramix) barkamica sp. nov. Read More

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Current use of thulium lasers in endourology and future perspectives.

Arch Esp Urol 2020 Oct;73(8):682-688

Department of Urology. Asklepios Hospital Barmbek. Hamburg. Germany.

Thulium lasers operate at wavelengths between1940-2013 nm either in a continuous wave or in a pulsed mode, which enables smooth incisions with fast vaporization or effective laser lithotripsy for urolithiasis. Thulium laser enucleation is a minimally invasive and size-independent treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with excellent long-term results. Since its introduction, several modifications in the technology and surgical techniques have been proposed such as vaporesection, vaporization and enucleation with regard to BPH treatment. Read More

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October 2020

Integrative Multi-Omics Analysis in Calcific Aortic Valve Disease Reveals a Link to the Formation of Amyloid-Like Deposits.

Cells 2020 09 24;9(10). Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Internal Medicine I-Cardiology, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most prevalent valvular heart disease in the developed world, yet no pharmacological therapy exists. Here, we hypothesize that the integration of multiple omic data represents an approach towards unveiling novel molecular networks in CAVD. Databases were searched for CAVD omic studies. Read More

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September 2020

Characteristics and Symptoms of App Users Seeking COVID-19-Related Digital Health Information and Remote Services: Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Med Internet Res 2020 10 20;22(10):e23197. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

K Health Inc, New York, NY, United States.

Background: Patient-facing digital health tools have been promoted to help patients manage concerns related to COVID-19 and to enable remote care and self-care during the COVID-19 pandemic. It has also been suggested that these tools can help further our understanding of the clinical characteristics of this new disease. However, there is limited information on the characteristics and use patterns of these tools in practice. Read More

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October 2020

Retrograde sharp potential resembling the his-bundle electrogram: is this a case of atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia involving twin atrioventricular nodes with the anterior node exhibiting only retrograde conduction?

Cardiol Young 2020 Dec 9;30(12):1940-1942. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Department of Paediatrics, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo060-8638, Japan.

A 2-year-old male with right isomerism was referred for supraventricular tachycardias. Atrial pacing study revealed that anterograde conduction was only through the posterior atrioventricular node. During the mapping of ventriculoatrial conduction, we identified a sharp potential resembling a His-bundle electrogram with a decremental property at the anterior wall of the common atrium. Read More

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December 2020