32 results match your criteria 0001 officinalis

Does Melissa officinalis consumption improve the salivary antioxidant status of smokers?

Caspian J Intern Med 2020 ;11(4):437-440

Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of tea on the total antioxidant capacity of saliva among smokers.

Methods: 24 smokers were selected by convenience sampling. Demographic information and duration of smoking were recorded at the beginning of study. Read More

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January 2020

Cornus officinalis var. koreana Kitam polyphenol extract decreases pro-inflammatory markers in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages by reducing Akt phosphorylation.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Apr 24;270:113734. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Department of Nutrition, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, 30302, USA. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Cornus officinalis var. koreana Kitam (CO) is found predominantly in China but also in Korea and Japan and has been used in Eastern medicine for over 2000 years to treat several conditions including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and kidney disease. Chronic inflammation underlies the pathogenesis of these diseases. Read More

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Inhibitory Activity of Essential Oils against and .

Microorganisms 2020 Dec 8;8(12). Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Center, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

Vibriosis, caused by strains, is an important bacterial disease and capable of causing significant high mortality in aquatic animals. Essential oils (EOs) have been considered as an alternative approach for the treatment of aquatic bacterial diseases. In this study, we evaluated the antibacterial activity of essential oils ( = 22) or essential oil components (EOCs, = 12) against strains belonging to the harveyi clade. Read More

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December 2020

Effects of Cover Crops on Population Reduction of Soybean Cyst Nematode ().

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 29:PDIS08201778RE. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108.

Microplot experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of cover crops on population reduction of a major soybean pest, soybean cyst nematode (SCN; Ichinohe) in 2016 and 2017. Ten crop species, including annual ryegrass ( L), Austrian winter pea ( L. subsp. Read More

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Drying Induced Impact on Composition and Oil Quality of Rosemary Herb, Linn.

Molecules 2020 Jun 19;25(12). Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Qassim University, Qassim 51452, Saudi Arabia.

The natural drying of Linn. herbs severely affects its volatile oil quality and yields, which is reported here for the first time. The oils obtained through hydrodistillation from fresh, one, two, and three-weeks dried herbs were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID), and the yields were 198 ± 3. Read More

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Comparative Metabolome and Transcriptome Analyses of Susceptible Asparagus officinalis and Resistant Wild A. kiusianus Reveal Insights into Stem Blight Disease Resistance.

Plant Cell Physiol 2020 Aug;61(8):1464-1476

Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8577 Japan.

Phomopsis asparagi is one of the most serious fungal pathogens, which causes stem blight disease in Asparagus officinalis (AO), adversely affecting its production worldwide. Recently, the development of novel asparagus varieties using wild Asparagus genetic resources with natural P. asparagi resistance has become a priority in Japan due to the lack of resistant commercial AO cultivars. Read More

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Evaluation of Eight Essential Oils for Postharvest Control of Aspergillus carbonarius in Grapes.

J Food Prot 2020 Sep;83(9):1632-1640

Department of Agriculture, School of Agriculture Science, Hellenic Mediterranean University, Estavromenos, 71410 Heraklion, Greece (ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6829-6264 [E.K.]).

Abstract: A range of fungal species are associated with postharvest spoilage of grapes. However, Aspergillus carbonarius is the primary fungus responsible for the contamination of grapes with ochratoxin A, a mycotoxin causing several confirmed negative health effects in humans and animals. Aiming to find a method, safe for consumers, to prevent postharvest decay and ochratoxin A contamination of grapes, the potential use of essential oils as preservatives was investigated. Read More

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September 2020

A combination of Cham. and L. extracts for adjustment insomnia: A prospective observational study.

J Tradit Complement Med 2020 Mar 1;10(2):116-123. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Hotel-Dieu de Paris, Centre du Sommeil et de la Vigilance, 1 Place du parvis Notre-Dame, 75181, Paris Cedex, France.

Cham. and L. have long been used for the management of sleep disorders and anxiety. Read More

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Management of muscular dystrophy during osteoarthritis disorder: A topical phytotherapeutic treatment protocol.

Apurba Ganguly

Caspian J Intern Med 2019 ;10(2):183-196

Department of Research and Development, OPTM Research Institute, India.

Background: Creatine kinase-muscle (CK-MM) and aldolase A (AldoA) levels are proven to be realistic biochemical markers to detect muscular dystrophy during osteoarthritic disorders (MD-OADs). The aim of this study is to normalize the MD-OADs characterized by muscle weakness, atrophy, inflammatory disorders, pain with chronic arthropathy by specialized topical phytotherapeutic treatment.

Methods: Baseline data were collected and evaluated from 153 patients, aged 59. Read More

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January 2019

A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of Emblica officinalis extract in patients with dyslipidemia.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2019 Jan 22;19(1):27. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Center for Gastrointestinal Research, Center for Translational Genomics and Oncology, Baylor Scott & White Research Institute and Sammons Cancer Center, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, 3410 Worth Street, Suite 610, Dallas, TX, 75246, USA.

Background: Dyslipidemia is one of the most frequently implicated risk factors for development of atherosclerosis. This study evaluated the efficacy of amla (Emblica officinalis) extract (composed of polyphenols, triterpenoids, oils etc. as found in the fresh wild amla fruit) in patients with dyslipidemia. Read More

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January 2019

Differential gene expression analysis and SNP/InDel marker discovery in resistant wild and susceptible in response to infection.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 13;21:2117-2121. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, Tottori 680-0001, Japan.

This data article reports transcriptome analysis of resistant wild and susceptible plants 24 and 48 h post-inoculation (24 and 48 hpi) with . Differential gene expression (DGE) analysis demonstrated that several genes involved in secondary metabolites and plant-pathogen interactions are up-regulated in resistant wild relative to susceptible . The assembled contig sequences generated in this study were used to search single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and insertion/deletion (InDel) distribution in and plants. Read More

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December 2018

Antileishmanial Activity of and Essential Oils and Nano-emulsions on (MRHO/IR/75/ER).

Iran J Parasitol 2017 Oct-Dec;12(4):622-631

Students Research Committee, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: The aim of present study was to evaluate antileishmanial effects of () and () medicinal plants essential oils and nano-emulsions on .

Methods: The present study was performed in Leishmaniasis Reference Lab at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Iran during 2016-2017. The IC50 values were calculated in both the promastigote and amastigote stages in J774 macrophage in comparison with meglumine antimoniate (MA) as positive control. Read More

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January 2018

The effect of tablet containing Boswellia serrata and Melisa officinalis extract on older adults' memory: A randomized controlled trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Mar - Apr;75:146-150. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Microbiology Department, Medicinal Plant Research Center of Barij, Kashan, Iran.

Background: Memory deficits and age-related memory loss are currently two significant concerns in older adults. In Iranian herbal medicine, there are some prescriptions for memory improvement.

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effect of tablet containing Boswellia serrata (BS) extract and Mellisa officinalis (MO) extract on memory of the older adults. Read More

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Complementary and alternative therapies in dentistry and characteristics of dentists who recommend them.

Complement Ther Med 2017 Dec 24;35:64-69. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Institute of Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Gerhard Kienle-Weg 4, 58313 Herdecke, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aims of this study were to analyse whether dentists offer or recommend complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) remedies in their clinical routine, and how effective these are rated by proponents and opponents. A second aim of this study was to give a profile of the dentists endorsing CAM.

Design: A prospective, explorative, anonymised cross-sectional survey was spread among practicing dentists in Germany via congresses, dental periodicals and online (n=250, 55% male, 45% female; mean age 49. Read More

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December 2017

An antidiabetic polyherbal phytomedicine confers stress resistance and extends lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Biogerontology 2017 02 16;18(1):131-147. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Microbial Technology and Nematology Department, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, 226 015, India.

An Ayurvedic polyherbal extract (PHE) comprising six herbs viz. Berberis aristata, Cyperus rotundus, Cedrus deodara, Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula and Terminalia bellirica is mentioned as an effective anti-hyperglycemic agent in 'Charaka Samhita', the classical text of Ayurveda. Previously, antidiabetic drug metformin was found to elicit antiaging effects and PHE was also found to exhibit antidiabetic effects in humans. Read More

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February 2017

Anti Proliferative Properties of Melissa officinalis in Different Human Cancer Cells.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015 ;16(14):5703-7

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Maragheh, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran E-mail :

Background: Medicinal plants, especially examples rich in polyphenolic compounds, have been suggested to be chemopreventive on account of their antioxidative properties. Melissa officinalis L. (MO), an aromatic and medicinal plant, is well known in thios context. Read More

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Natural hybridization and asymmetric introgression at the distribution margin of two Buddleja species with a large overlap.

BMC Plant Biol 2015 Jun 18;15:146. Epub 2015 Jun 18.

Kunming Botanical Garden; Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650201, Yunnan, China.

Background: Natural hybridization in plants is universal and plays an important role in evolution. Based on morphology it has been presumed that hybridization occurred in the genus Buddleja, though genetic studies confirming this assumption have not been conducted to date. The two species B. Read More

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Heart palpitation relief with Melissa officinalis leaf extract: double blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial of efficacy and safety.

J Ethnopharmacol 2015 Apr 11;164:378-84. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Division of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: In Traditional Iranian Medicine (TIM), Melissa officinalis L. is commonly regarded as an effective therapy for heart palpitations.

Objective: Heart palpitation is a common complaint that is often benign and associated with a marked distress that makes the condition difficult to treat. Read More

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and (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) photophysiology over daylight tidal emersion: interactions with irradiance, temperature and carbonate chemistry.

Mar Biol 2014 27;161(9):2051-2068. Epub 2014 Jul 27.

School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3YE UK.

The photophysiology of three geniculate coralline algal species (, and ) was determined in intertidal rock pools in the south-west UK at Combe Martin (51°12'31N 4°2'19W) and Heybrook Bay (50°31'66N 4°11'41W), at the start, middle and end of summer (September 1 and 2) and winter (February 9 and 10) daylight tidal emersion periods, in relation to prevailing irradiance, temperature and carbonate chemistry conditions. Algal photophysiology was assessed from rapid light curves performed using pulse amplitude modulation fluorometry. and experienced significant fluctuations in irradiance, temperature and carbonate chemistry over seasonal and tidal cycles. Read More

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Antioxidant capacity of calendula officinalis flowers extract and prevention of radiation induced oropharyngeal mucositis in patients with head and neck cancers: a randomized controlled clinical study.

Daru 2013 Mar 7;21(1):18. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

Division of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

This study was designed to determine the effect of Calendula officinalis flowers extract mouthwash as oral gel on radiation-induced oropharyngeal mucositis (OM) in patients with head-and-neck cancer. Forty patients with neck and head cancers under radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy protocols were randomly assigned to receive either 2% calendula extract mouthwash or placebo (20 patients in each group). Patients were treated with telecobalt radiotherapy at conventional fractionation (200 cGy/fraction, five fractions weekly, 30-35 fractions within 4-7 weeks). Read More

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Triphala and its constituents ameliorate visceral adiposity from a high-fat diet in mice with diet-induced obesity.

Altern Ther Health Med 2012 Nov-Dec;18(6):38-45

Biological Sciences Department, Irla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani), Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, India.

Context: In India, vaidyas (Ayurvedic physicians) traditionally administer triphala and its constituents as therapeutic agents for promoting digestion and satiety.

Objective: The research team performed the present study to investigate the effects of triphala and its constituents (T bellirica [bibhitaki], T chebula [haritaki], and E officinalis [amalaki]) on the dietary induction of obesity (diet-induced obesity [DIO]), and other symptoms of visceral obesity syndrome, in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD).

Design: The research team obtained 42 fertile, male, Swiss albino mice, weighing 20 g each, and housed them individually in an approved small-animal facility, in a pathogen-free environment. Read More

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January 2013

A comparative clinical study of hypolipidemic efficacy of Amla (Emblica officinalis) with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme-A reductase inhibitor simvastatin.

Indian J Pharmacol 2012 Mar;44(2):238-42

Department of Pharmacology, Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of Amla in patients with type II hyperlipidemia and compare its hypolipidemic effects with those of simvastatin.

Materials And Methods: Sixty type II hyperlipidemic patients of both sexes with plasma total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein level more than 240 mg% and 130 mg%, respectively, were selected for the trial. Out of total 60 selected patients, 40 were treated with Amla capsule (500 mg) daily for 42 days and 20 patients were given simvastatin capsule (20 mg) daily for 42 days. Read More

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First time proof of sage's tolerability and efficacy in menopausal women with hot flushes.

Adv Ther 2011 Jun 16;28(6):490-500. Epub 2011 May 16.

A. Vogel Bioforce AG, Roggwil, Switzerland.

Background: This trial aimed to assess the tolerability and efficacy of a fresh sage preparation in treating hot flushes and other menopausal complaints. Sage (Salvia officinalis) has been traditionally used to treat sweating and menopausal hot flushes, as well as to alleviate associated menopausal symptoms and as a general tonic. However, no clinical studies substantiating the use of sage in menopause have been published previously. Read More

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Efficacy of Slim339 in reducing body weight of overweight and obese human subjects.

Phytother Res 2007 Dec;21(12):1177-81

Republican Endocrinology Center, Ministry of Health of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia.

A double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study has been carried out in order to evaluate the effect of orally self-administered Slim339, a proprietary fixed combination of Garcinia cambogia extract with calcium pantothenate (standardized for the content of hydroxycitric acid and pantothenic acid) and extracts of Matricaria chamomilla, Rosa damascena, Lavandula officinalis and Cananga odorata, on body weight in overweight and obese volunteers. During a 60-day treatment period, the average reduction in body weight for the group receiving Slim339 (n = 30) was 4.67% compared with 0. Read More

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December 2007

Chemoprevention against hepatocellular carcinoma of Cornus officinalis in vitro.

Am J Chin Med 2004 ;32(5):717-25

Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan.

The water extracts of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zuce against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was studied for its chemopreventive potential. Three HCC cell lines (HepG2, SK-Hep1 and PLC/PRF/5) and three leukemic cell lines (U937, K562 and Raji) were tested with XTT assay. Read More

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Melissa officinalis extract in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease: a double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2003 Jul;74(7):863-6

Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of Melissa officinalis extract using a fixed dose (60 drops/day) in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease.

Design: A four month, parallel group, placebo controlled trial undertaken in three centres in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: Patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease aged between 65 and 80 years (n = 42; 18 women, 24 men) with a score of >or= 12 on the cognitive subscale of Alzheimer's disease assessment scale (ADAS-cog) and Read More

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[Bronchial reactivity in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis].

Lijec Vjesn 2002 Oct;124(10):305-9

Odjel za plućne bolesti, KB Split, Split.

The allergic rhinitis (AR) is an important risk factor for the development of asthma. In significant number of patients with AR, the non-specific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) could be demonstrated. It has been anticipated that these patients were at the greater risk for asthma. Read More

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October 2002

Aromatherapy as a safe and effective treatment for the management of agitation in severe dementia: the results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with Melissa.

J Clin Psychiatry 2002 Jul;63(7):553-8

Wolfson Research Centre, Newcastle General Hospital, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia are frequent and are a major management problem, especially for patients with severe cognitive impairment. Preliminary reports have indicated positive effects of aromatherapy using select essential oils, but there are no adequately powered placebo-controlled trials. We conducted a placebo-controlled trial to determine the value of aromatherapy with essential oil of Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) for agitation in people with severe dementia. Read More

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Magnolol from Magnolia officinalis inhibits 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase without increases of corticosterone and thymocyte apoptosis in mice.

Planta Med 2001 Feb;67(1):33-7

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Japan.

Magnolol is an 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) inhibitor contained in Magnolia officinalis which is used in Chinese remedies. We have reported that glycyrrhetinic acid, a strong 11beta-HSD inhibitor isolated from licorice, induces apoptosis of murine thymocytes via accumulation of corticosterone. In this paper, we report that magnolol inhibited 11beta-HSD without increases in the blood concentration of corticosterone and in thymocyte apoptosis in mice. Read More

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February 2001

Cuttlefish use polarization sensitivity in predation on silvery fish.

Vision Res 2000 ;40(1):71-5

Marine Resources Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA.

Cephalopods are sensitive to the linear polarization characteristics of light. To examine if this polarization sensitivity plays a role in the predatory behavior of cuttlefish, we examined the preference of Sepia officinalis when presented with fish whose polarization reflection was greatly reduced versus fish whose polarization reflection was not affected. Cuttlefish preyed preferably on fish with normal polarization reflection over fish that did not reflect linearly polarized light (n = 24, chi 2 = 17. Read More

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